Show Contents 21st September 2015

Show Notes

This week I begin my show with My Thoughts on Prepping, then the Blizzard Survival 10% Discount offer, As Preppers Have We Forgotten the Basics? What Is The Scariest Object In The World? The Ribzwear 30% Discount offer, Stop a Heart Attack in a Minute, Preparing Your Vehicle for Winter, Training in the wet, the Wilderness121 10% Discount offer, Camp-Fire Squirrel, Basic Bug-in Kits, the Midimax 10% Discount offer, Planning an Emergency Shelter, the Field leisure 10% Discount offer, Hope for the Best and Plan for the Worst, the BUGGRUB 10% Discount offer, Bug-In or Bug-Out, Route Planning, the Hunters-Knives 10% Discount offer, Being Ready for a Dirty Bomb.

My Thoughts on Prepping

Firstly I would like to say that preparing for your families survival when affected by a man-made or natural disaster has absolutely nothing to do with doomsday preppers TV shows, zoombies or with buying every new bit of kit that comes on the market, or even spending thousands of pounds on food and gear and even underground nuclear bunkers.

By listening to this show you are already taking a practicable step in improving you and your families chance of survival post such an event.

So forget what the mainstream media wants you to accept in its race to scare and intimidate the average UK citizen into thinking there is no hope and that to attempt to try and do anything makes you a tin foil hat wearing nut.

Each year in the UK over 13,000 people die from accidents and many thousands more are injured.

But we most also consider the other critical events and small-scale disasters such as food poisoning, rape, assaults, house fires, flash floods, extreme weather and on and on.

Perhaps now you can see just how important it is to be prepared. Although I’ve covered “how to start prepping” before and this article can be found on my site. I feel that it is important to offer you some prepping tips that may make all the difference.

I really feel that many mistakes are being made because people flock to buy gear and end up getting overpriced things that will fail them when they need them most. Or they buy them and store them away, but do not actually use them and learn how they work.

Read like crazy for the first couple of weeks and avoid buying anything.

Here’s the problem: the market is filed with ready-made first aid kits, bug-out bags and assortment buckets for the lazy prepper.

Of course they’re better than nothing but they’re also expensive and you’re much better of making them yourself. This will: save you money, teach you a lot more about survival, …and you’ll end up with much better kit.

For example, if you were to build a first-aid-kit, you’ll not only spend less but also end up with more and higher quality stuff.

Plus, let’s not forget many of us have special medical conditions such as diabetes, asthma and so on. Each of these needs to be kept in mind when you’re building your first aid kit.

Plus, when you’re buying everything in bulk, you get to fully pack more than one FAK, too. That way you can have one in your car, another one at your bug-out location, perhaps a serious medicine cabinet inside your home for bug-in scenarios or just medical emergencies.

Keep all your food, water and medicine stockpile in cool, dark places.

Did you know that storing your meds in the bathroom is actually detrimental and decreases shelf life? Obviously, this is because of the humid environment, but this applies to food as well.

The last thing you want is a compromised stockpile that, instead of keeping you well-fed post collapse, can kill you instead.

Make it a rule of thumb to store all your food, water and medicine in cool, dry, dark places and away from rodents. In places that don’t meet these criteria you can store other things such as tools, clothes, books, tents, tarps, signal mirrors, floss, Paracord and so on.

Focus on your physical skills and fitness.

So many preppers stock up on gear because it’s easier and more comfortable than practising their skills. Little do they know that, in a riot or in a confrontation with the police, the weak will perish first, no matter how expensive their gear is.

This is why real true fitness is vital to any prepping plan. Strength, speed, stamina and flexibility are the 4 pillars that might just save your life in a number of critical situation, such as: running away from tear gas, angry mobs, thugs or even the police who might mistake you for a bad guy, jumping obstacles, fences, downed trees etc., bugging out through the woods for days on end, …and, of course, lifting heavy objects, fighting your way out of the arms of an attacker or freeing yourself from the place you’re being held hostage.

This is even more important if you’re 50 years or older because, odds are, you haven’t worked out in a while.

The reality is, SHTF situations are scary, exhausting and downright dangerous and you NEED your strength and flexibility to survive.

Skills trump gear and water and food preps any day; and the beauty is you don’t have to spend a lot of money to get fit. There are a huge number of exercises you can do right at home or outside, such as walking, running, squats, sit-ups, push-ups, star jumps and many more.

Don’t prepare for only one disaster scenario.

If you watched those reality prepper shows, you noticed how each prepares for one scenario only … be it war, pandemic or an economic collapse.

This is, of course, marketing hype and I’m willing to bet they’re prepping for a lot more than that.

What you should do, before you start buying stuff, is figure out the things that are most likely to affect you and your family and prep for those first.

In some cases, even bugging out into the woods might sound like a bad idea. Though we’re all in this mess together, it’s up to you to figure out your unique situation and prep for what you feel is more likely to happen to you.

Focus on survival medicine.

When bullets start flying, when people attack each other for a loaf of bread, a lot of blood will be spilled. Besides having a serious first-aid-kit, you should also focus on the basics of survival medicine because, chances are, you or a family member will get injured at some point, and do not forget a good first-aid manual.

In my humble opinion, it’s much better to focus on the basics of medicine instead of having a one-year stockpile because most disasters only last for days, maybe weeks.

If you survive them in one piece, you live to see another day and, of course, to consume your stockpile and use your survival gear.

Final Word

As you can probably guess, these tips are only the beginning. There’s a HUGE number of prepping and survival books and Ebooks, but don’t let that scare you into not taking action.

If I were you, I’d start reading everything I can find, then I’d start building my bug-out bag to help me through the first 3 days of a disaster.

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As Preppers Have We Forgotten the Basics?

Have we forgotten or worse still not even learned how to knit (but we can use Wi-Fi):

I would say that there are essential traditional skills that are dying out in a world of technology and convenience

Vital skills like knitting, reading map and changing a tyre could be dying out

They are being replaced with new skills like following sat-nav or finding Wi-Fi

in fact it would in my opinion not be wrong to say that technology is leaving people less skilled

In fact these basic skills should be brought back into school before it is too late

If you can no longer remember how to darn socks, read a map or light a fire, it seems you are not alone, and that is the problem.

What about using a compass, tying specific knots and even having clear handwriting

There is a distinct lack of interest from the younger generation which is another factor behind the decline of these life skills once deemed vital.

Instead, knowing how to use a Wi-Fi internet connection, navigate cyberspace and follow a sat-nav are now seen as essential abilities for modern life.

I would say that the increasing reliance on modern technology has resulted in some skills falling by the wayside, and are I would suggest putting our survival at great risk.

In years gone by, these skills would have been considered essential for everyday life… Technology, however great it is, isn’t invincible though and there are times when it can let you down.


  1. Searching the Internet
  2. Using/ connecting to WiFi
  3. Using a smart phone
  4. Online banking
  5. Knowing about privacy setting online
  6. Searching and applying for jobs inline
  7. Being able to turn water off at the mains
  8. Using and following a sat-nav
  9. Updating, installing computer programs
  10. Working a tablet

However post an EMP or a CME for example and we are back in the 1800’s how will we fare without these traditional basic skills?

Even if it’s a skill you think you no longer need, it’s important to have at least a basic grasp of it – basic map reading skills are vital as sometimes, often when you don’t want it, batteries and phone signals let you down.

Using a compass came second followed by being able to tie specific knots, darn socks and look something up in a book index instead of simply ‘Googling it’.

Correct letter writing technique, understanding pounds and ounces and being able to convert them into grams and kilos, spelling and grammar and being able to start a fire from scratch completed the top ten.

Handwriting, knitting and touch typing are also among the traditional skills which could be on their way out.

I think that there could soon be entire generations of people who have no idea how to do some of the skills once considered essential.

Therefore we as preppers need to wake up and begin learning these valuable skills while there are still people out there to teach us.

Once learned we need to pass these skills on to our children and so on.

As post SHTF it literally could be life and death depending on your skill set, or lack there of.

What Is The Scariest Object In The World?

There are lots of things on this planet to freak you out. The awesome power of nature can be terrifying.

Think of volcanoes erupting, the destructive force of a tsunami wall of water, the unstoppable power of a tornado tearing through urban areas to name but a few.

Natural disasters are an unavoidable part of life on Earth. But the single scariest thing isn’t something caused by nature.

This Hell on Earth was man made and it’s called the Elephant’s Foot.

What is the Elephant’s Foot?

This is a solid mass of deadly waste located in the basement of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, in present day Ukraine, that exploded in 1986.

Radioactive lava poured from the core of the nuclear reactor and melted through the core settling in the depths of the reactor ruins. Several metres long and weighing hundreds of tons, the “foot” is a mixture of nuclear fuel, concrete and core sealing material that the fuel melted through.

Every year, it releases about 22 pounds of uranium – the radioactive metal considered to be the most toxic environmental pollutant.

It was called the Elephant’s Foot because of its wrinkled appearance.

Why is the Elephant’s Foot so Dangerous?

The Elephant’s Foot is thought to be the most dangerous piece of waste in the world. It was discovered months after one of history’s most catastrophic nuclear accidents.

Researchers, who made it into a steam chamber beneath Reactor No. 4, found that black lava had belched from the core and formed into a solid flow.

Their sensors warned them that the radioactive magna was too dangerous to approach, so from a safe distance they rigged up a wheeled remote camera and pushed it towards the Elephant’s Foot to examine it.

According to readings taken at the time, exposure to the still-hot molten mass could cause certain death in minutes.

The radiation level was measured at 10,000 roentgens per hour. It takes about 1/10th of that to kill a person. This meant that:

After 30 seconds of exposure, you would suffer dizziness and fatigue within a week.

After two minutes of exposure, your cells would begin to hemorrhage.

After four minutes, you would suffer vomiting, diarrhea and fever.

And after five minutes in its presence, you would only have two days to live.

An hour would expose you to radiation of the equivalent of over 500,000 chest x-rays.

What Caused the Elephant’s Foot?

In the early hours of April 26, 1986 workers running a test on Reactor No. 4 at the Chernobyl plant, in what was then the Soviet Union, lowered very hot nuclear fuel rods into cooling water. This created a huge amount of steam and the reaction accelerated causing a power surge that blasted off the 1,000-ton containment lid covering the reactor core.

This released massive quantities of cancer-causing radioactive particles into the atmosphere. Air rushed in and seconds later, a second more powerful explosion ripped the reactor building apart.

Huge masses of melted nuclear fuel formed – the most famous being the Elephant’s Foot.


Radioactive particles released by the blasts were about 400 times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan in World War Two.

The worst affected area was Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. The nearby town of Pripyat was evacuated and residents were re-located to Slavutych, a city built to replace Pripyat.

The first the world heard about the disaster was when workers at a Swedish nuclear facility detected high levels of radiation. Radioactive materials travelled across Europe. Sheep in northern England and reindeer in Lapland were irradiated and had to be killed.

Immediately after the blasts, 600,000 workers were scrambled to the site to contain the escaping radiation.

The people of Europe owe their lives to these brave heroes who risked their lives to stop the fires from spreading to Reactors 1, 2 and 3. Dozens died within months following the explosion and thousands received a massive dose of radiation putting them at heightened risk of getting cancer.

In 1986, a huge concrete sarcophagus was built around the Elephant’s Foot to prevent radiation. Although enough concrete to fill a third of the Empire State Building was used, the tomb was not completely closed, but had access points left open so researchers could observe the “foot” and workers could enter.

It’s said that the people who built the sarcophagus died around a year or so later. A 30-kilometre radius around the former plant is still radioactive and is called the “Zone of Alienation”. It can only be entered through a checkpoint.

The Elephant’s Foot Today

Ten years after the disaster, the Elephant’s Foot was only emitting a tenth of its original radiation, however, just over an hour of exposure would still prove fatal.

Nearly 30 years after the meltdown, the Elephant’s Foot has weakened, but it is still dangerous because the sarcophagus’ concrete is deteriorating and threatens to contaminate groundwater.

Plans are under way to prevent this. The unique nuclear waste that is the Elephant’s Foot is virtually indestructible. Ukrainian officials estimate the area will not be safe for human life again for another 20,000 years


A front pack is a pack or bag that allows for access of equipment from the persons chest. Front packs first and foremost allow for easy access of gear without the removal of any equipment.

In many adventure outdoor activities it can be critical to the sport to have the ability to reach essential gear fast without the removal of a backpack. Simplicity is the foremost purpose of the front pack but there are many additional benefits as well.

In all there are unlimited uses for the front pack. Front packs are the best compliment to any outdoorsman’s gear when accessibility, functionality, mobility and simplicity are required. From horseback riding, long distance biking, motorcycling and kayaking.

All sports where fast and easy access of gear is essential, a front pack is your best solution and as you can imagine it is going down a storm within the prepping and survivalist community.

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Stop a Heart Attack in a Minute

Many people are unaware that a simple but powerful ingredient can prevent a heart attack in one minute.

How much do you know about cayenne pepper? Cayenne is the most popular kind of chilli pepper. Make sure that you always have some on hand- it can save a family member from a heart attack.

Cayenne pepper has been the subject of many health experts, including Dr. Richard Schulz. Doctors are amazed at the healing properties of cayenne pepper

Over his 35-year career, American herbalist Dr Christopher never lost a patient over a heart attack; he credits cayenne pepper. He has treated patients suffering heart attacks with a cup of cayenne pepper tea; within a minute they recover from the attack.

What makes this even more relevant is the fact that these scientists base their theories about cayenne pepper on personal experience, not studies done in controlled conditions.

How to Use Cayenne Pepper

Cayenne pepper has at least 90,000 Scoville units, according to the Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Habanero, African Bird, Thai Chi, Jamaican Hot Pepper, Jalapeño, and Scotch Bonet are species of peppers that have the same SHU value.

You can find cayenne pepper in supermarkets, oriental grocery stores or health food stores.

If you have cayenne pepper at home, give the person having a heart attack a teaspoon of cayenne pepper in a glass of water. The patient has to be conscious for this to work.

If the person is unconscious, you can use cayenne pepper extract. Put a few drops under patient’s tongue for results.

Cayenne Pepper is a powerful stimulant; it increases heart rate and carries blood to all parts of the body, balancing circulation. Cayenne pepper has hemostatic effect, stops bleeding instantly, and helps in heart attack recovery.

Remember, many health experts say that they have never lost a patient thanks to this instant therapy.

Dr Schulz’s Cayenne Tincture Recipe

This tincture is the best remedy for emergency cases of heart attacks. Use only cayenne pepper, which is the most popular kind of chili pepper; it is grown in India and South America.

Chili is a bushy tropical plant, and unlike peppers, it is a perennial plant. Ground chili is twenty times stronger than regular pepper, because it contains much more capsaicin, a pepper alkaloid. The heat of chili peppers is inversely proportional to the size of the pepper, so the tiniest peppers are usually the hottest. Always go for this kind.


 Cayenne pepper powder

 1-3 fresh cayenne peppers

 50% alcohol (you can use vodka)

 1 litre glass bottle

 Gloves


Put on gloves for safety.

Fill a quarter of the glass bottle with cayenne pepper powder. Pour in just enough alcohol that it covers the powder.

In a blender mix the fresh peppers with enough alcohol that you get a sauce-like consistency. Add the mixture to the bottle so that ¾ of the bottle is filled.

Fill the bottle to the top with alcohol and put the lid on. Shake the bottle several times a day.

Leave the tincture in a dark place for two weeks, then strain. Keep final tincture in a dark bottle. For a stronger tincture, let it infuse three months before straining.

Store tincture in a dry, dark place. It never spoils.

Dr. Schulz’s Dosing Recommendation

Give 5-10 drops of the tincture to the conscious patient who has suffered a heart attack or stroke. Give another 5-10 drops after 5 minutes. Repeat the treatment until the patient’s condition improves.

If the patient is unconscious, put 1-3 drops under their tongue, and begin CPR. Repeat the treatment after 5 minutes, and repeat it every 5 minutes until your patient’s condition improves.

Health Benefits

Cayenne pepper can be used in the treatment of other ailments.

It has antifungal properties; it prevents the occurrence of Phomopsis and Colletotrichum.

It is known for its beneficial effect on the digestive system, because it stimulates the production of gastric juices, and relieves gases.

Cayenne peppers have anticancer properties, and they are especially recommended to patients diagnosed with lung cancer and smokers.

It is believed that capsaicin found in cayenne pepper prevents the development of tumors caused by tobacco, and similar results are noticed in patients diagnosed with liver cancer.

It is also helpful in the treatment of stomach problems, flu symptoms, migraines, allergies, redness, obesity, toothache and arthritis.

Nutritional Value

Scientists have confirmed the presence of 26 different nutrients in cayenne pepper. Calcium, zinc, selenium, and magnesium are some of the most essential minerals found in cayenne pepper. In addition to minerals, cayenne peppers are rich in Vitamins C and A.

Cayenne pepper is one of the strongest natural spices and can do miracles for the heart. If you struggle with heart problems, always have this tincture on hand.

I am not a doctor and I am not medically trained. It is up to you should you decide to medicate with Cayenne pepper, please only do so after consulting your GP.

Preparing Your Vehicle for Winter

It’s stupid to head out in a poorly maintained vehicle in the dead of winter, of course, but even vehicle owners in temperate zones need a car care check as the days grow shorter.

Regular, routine maintenance can help improve your fuel consumption, reduce pollution, and catch minor problems before they become big headaches

These car care tips to give you peace of mind during fall and winter driving:

Before you do anything else, read your owner’s manual and follow the manufacturer’s recommended service schedules.

Get engine performance and driveability problems — hard starts, rough idling, stalling, diminished power, etc. — corrected at a good garage. Cold weather makes existing problems worse.

Replace dirty filters, such as air, fuel. A poorly running engine is less efficient and burns more fuel.

Change your oil and oil filter as specified in your manual — more often if your driving is mostly stop-and-go or consists of frequent short trips. Then remember regular oil and filter changes is one of the most frequently neglected services, yet one that is essential to protect your engine.

The cooling system should be flushed and refilled as recommended. The level, condition, and concentration of the coolant should be checked periodically.

A 50/50 mix of antifreeze and water is usually recommended. Warning: Never remove the radiator cap until the engine has thoroughly cooled! The tightness and condition of drive belts, clamps, and hoses also should be checked regularly by a professional technician.

The heater and defroster must be in good working condition for passenger comfort and driver visibility.

Replace old blades regularly. If your climate is harsh, purchase rubber-clad (winter) blades to fight ice build-up. Stock up on windshield washer fluid — you’ll be surprised how much you use during the winter months. And don’t forget to always carry an ice scraper.

Have your battery checked. The only accurate way to detect a weak battery is with professional equipment.

However, most motorists can perform routine care:

Wear eye protection and protective rubber gloves. Scrape away corrosion from posts and cable connections; clean all surfaces; retighten all connections.

If battery caps are removable, check fluid level monthly. A word of caution: Removal of cables can cause damage or loss of data/codes on some newer vehicles, so always check your owner’s manual first. Be sure to avoid contact with corrosive deposits and battery acid.

Inspect all lights and bulbs. Replace blown bulbs; periodically clean road grime from all lenses. To prevent scratching, never use a dry rag.

Worn tires are dangerous in winter weather. Examine tires for remaining tread life, uneven wearing, check the sidewalls for cuts and nicks.

Check tire pressure once a month, letting the tires “cool down” before checking the pressure. Rotate as recommended. Don’t forget to check your spare, and be sure the jack is in good working condition.

Under-inflated tires or poorly aligned wheels makes your engine work harder and thus use more fuel.

Have your brakes checked periodically for safety and to prevent costly repairs that can be caused by neglect.

The transmission is often neglected until a major failure. Routine checks and fluid changes at prescribed intervals can prevent very costly repairs down the line.

Always carry an emergency kit with you: extra gloves, boots and blankets; a small shovel and sand or kitty litter; tire chains; a flashlight and extra batteries; and a cell phone and extra car charger. Put a few “high-energy” snacks in your glove box.

Training in the wet

I remember an old saying that has to do with hypothermia – “Stay Dry…Stay Alive.” Hypothermia is the number 1 killer of people in the outdoors and a serious concern for individuals preparing for both natural and man made disasters (TEOTWAWKI).

I see two distinct reasons for this piece on clothing:

First I really think that it is very important to encourage proper dress when going into a potential survival situation, and secondly is to have suitable clothing already put into your bug-out bag or car survival kit if you are forced to flee at a moments notice.

If you are suddenly caught in a SHTF event and flew out of the house dressed in your pajamas and only have that bug-out bag in hand, what is the weather like outside?

Is it a warm sunny summer day? Or is it in the cold rain or dead of winter in a blizzard?

Do you relish the thought walking through the countryside in you pajamas and no shoes?

Don’t forget it is your kit and you can change its contents as you think best to accommodate the seasons.

Bugging-Out Training, Survival Training is of course an all year round activity. It has to be as we must learn to survive in all weather.

However, the outdoors can be an unpredictable place, and unexpected weather can occur.

Here in the UK you’re bound to see just as many rain clouds as you’ll see sunshine rays, but don’t let that stop you if you’ve got the outdoor bug. A few useful tips can make camping in the rain a fun, exciting experience, rather than a dreary one.

Be selective about camping locations during a strong rain or thunderstorm. Remember that lightning often accompanies these storms, so stay away from water, which conducts electricity, and also avoid high elevations.

When walking during a shower, be careful about the footing of the terrain. Even gentle slopes can quickly become slippery. In addition, stay away from loose boulders or dirt that could slide, and also avoid large tree branches that may break and come crashing down.

Whenever rain is a possibility, bring both a ground cover and a fly sheet. A ground cover, such as a tarp, is used either under the tent or inside the tent, to line the bottom.

The ground cover should be waterproof and will help to keep moisture from seeping into the tent. A tent fly is a tented piece of waterproof fabric that’s hung over the tent itself. The tent fly whisks water away from the tent, helping you stay dry.

It wouldn’t hurt to pack an extra large tarp to reinforce the rain fly in case things start getting really soggy.

Another thing to bring when there’s a possibility of camping in the rain is several plastic bags. During rainy weather, important paper materials, food, clothing and electronic gear can be easily damaged. Wrapping packs or other important items in plastic bags, such as plastic bags, rubbish bags or sandwich bags, can prevent this problem.

Always keep fire materials dry and ready to use after the rain has stopped. During a shower, it’s easy to forget that all the wood in the area is getting wet, and will no longer burn readily.

Keep a pile of wood in a dry area, or wrap it in a plastic bag or tarp to keep out moisture. In addition, carry dry fire starter materials, such as paper or tinder.

If gear or clothing does get wet during a rainstorm, dry everything out as soon as possible.

This will help to prevent mildew, and will also make the rest of the camping trip more enjoyable. If clothing becomes wet, remove it immediately and wrap up in dry clothes or blankets. Hypothermia can be a real danger in cold, rainy weather, but the proper precautions can help to prevent this.

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Camp-Fire Squirrel

For those of us who trap, shoot or snare small game this time of year offers us an abundance of free wild food, and one of my favourites is the grey squirrel. Here is a camp-fire recipe that you may wish to try, and if you do please let me know what you thought of it.

Of course you could suplement your meal with veg.


1 fresh squirrel per person

1⁄4 teaspoon salt

1⁄4 teaspoon pepper

1⁄4 cup olive oil

1⁄4 teaspoon favourite seasoning (optional)


If fresh squirrel is used skin and leave whole splitting the breast bone length wise to open up the rib cage.

Brush the oil over the squirrel then sprinkle the seasionings liberally all over.

Pull the hot coals to one side away from the main part of the fire.

Either stake the squirrel on a cleaned green branch over the coals or use a metal grate over the coals.

Rotate periodically and don’t over cook as the meat is very lean and will dry out fast.

Remember “Crispy on the outside is not always cooked on the inside”.

Basic Bug-in Kits

You may need to Bug-In, simply stay in your home during a SHTF event like for example an extended power cut. You and your family need to be prepared to do this for at least 72 hours (you may already have some of these items in your Family Emergency Bug-Out Bag).


Store at least a 3-day supply for each member of your family.

Children, nursing mothers and people who are ill require more water.

Non-perishable food

Store at least a 3-day supply and select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water.

First aid supplies

Purchase a complete first aid kit and first aid manual.

Add personal care items such as toothpaste and soap, toilet rolls and a supply of non-prescription drugs

Tools and supplies, such as:

Battery-operated radio, Torch and extra batteries

Lantern and fuel, candles, fire lighting kit.

Compass, matches in a waterproof container, signal flare, whistle

Pocket knife or multi-tool

Clothing & bedding, such as:

1 change of clothing and footwear per person

Rain gear

Blankets or sleeping bags


Special items


Keep important family records and documents in a waterproof, portable container or a bank safety deposit box including:

Photo ID (passports, driver’s license, etc…)

Bank account, credit card numbers and a small amount of cash

Photos of family members in case you are separate

Store items in a waterproof pack or dufflebag and make sure everyone knows where to find it.

Basic Kit for Family Members with Special Needs

Include medications, denture needs, corrective lenses, hearing aids and batteries for family members with special needs, such as children and elderly or disabled persons, as well as in your Bug-Out-Bag.

Extra wheelchair batteries, oxygen, medication, catheters, food for service animal(s), plus other special equipment you might need.

A list of individuals to contact in the event of an emergency.

A list of the style and serial numbers of medical devices, such as pacemakers.

Also, store back-up equipment, such as a manual wheelchair, at a neighbour’s home, school or your workplace.

Keep the shut-off switch for oxygen equipment near your bed to reach it quickly if there is a fire.

Basic Car Survival Kit

Carry a Car Survival Kit – every driver should have:

Jump Leads

Vehicle fluids

Emergency flares

A survival candle


Survival blankets for each person

First aid equipment

Bottled water for each person

High energy Cereal Bars

Self-heating meals for each person plus relevant cutlery


Small Tarp (for blocking broken windows etc.)

Battery/wind up radio

Local map

Motorway map

Basic Pet and Working Animal Kit

I suggest your kit includes the following items:

72 hour supply of food, bowls and can opener

72 hour supply of bottled water

Medical records, especially proof of vaccination (note that most boarding facilities will not accept pets without proof of current vaccination records)

Current photo of pet in case he gets lost ID tag (micro chipping also recommended)

Check it twice a year to ensure freshness of food, water and medication and to restock any items you may have borrowed. is offering 10% off any product by using the code Midi10 so check out

Planning an Emergency Shelter

When planning your emergency or survival shelter, one type doesn’t always work for all disasters.

The type of shelter you’ll need depends on a few things. This list is by no means inclusive, and your circumstances may dictate other considerations:

The nature of the emergencies you’re likely to experience. Where you live (city, suburban, rural, weather, local ethos, type of house you live in)

Where you live in relation to the source of the likely emergencies. Is the shelter temporary or permanent?

The time and money you have available to prepare

Your personal situation (alone, family, like-minded neighbours or group; ability to relocate or are constrained by your job)

You simply cannot cover all contingencies. Develop a detailed plan to cover the most likely events, and at least mentally work out with your family how you would deal with the others. Then you won’t be completely lost.

Then rehearse your plan. Do walk-throughs and, if you have the time and the support of other family members (I know; I know. Sceptical spouses and sullen teens come to mind).

Then do things like perform a bug-out drill and/or stay in your emergency shelter for a day or two.

I was a Community Defence Adviser for many years and can speak from first-hand experience that even large companies have developed contingency plans, if only to comply with internal or insurance protocols, but they often ended up left on a dusty shelf– and actually forgotten.

Predictably, when the SHTF, nobody knew who was supposed to do what– and when. Nobody was in charge and responsible for A, B and C.

Consequently management were only slightly better off than if they had indifferently explored contingencies over a couple of beers.

Some emergencies or disasters, while more unlikely, carry grave consequences—such as death, starvation or long term illness. So they must be planned for, even though they are less likely to occur.

For example, you may honestly believe the chance of lawlessness and rioting in your town is quite remote. But those conditions bring the threat of death and severe bodily injury, so owning a firearm for self-defence is an appropriate consideration.

Choosing a Safe Room Area

The purpose of a safe room is to provide a space where you and your household can seek refuge that provides a high level of protection.

There are several areas of your home that would be a good safe room:

In your basement

Beneath a concrete slab-on-grade-foundation or garage floor

In an interior room on the first floor. Shelters built below ground level provide the greatest protection, but a shelter built in a first-floor interior room can also provide the necessary protection.

Below-ground shelters must be designed to avoid accumulating water during the heavy rains that often accompany severe weather.

To protect your family, a safe room within your home must be built to withstand high winds and flying debris, even if the rest of the residence is severely damaged or destroyed.

Here are some important criteria for the space you choose:

The shelter must be adequately anchored to resist overturning and uplift.

The walls, ceiling, and door of the shelter must withstand wind pressure and resist penetration by wind-borne objects and falling debris.

The connections between all parts of the shelter must be strong enough to resist the wind.

Just like a shelter area in your home, this room should be stocked with supplies to last for at least 3 days this is your 72-hour kit.

If your chosen room has no windows, you’ll definitely need a good, reliable source of temporary light and don’t forget some form of heating.

To create a Safe Room

Cover all doors,windows and vents with 2-4 mil. Thick plastic sheeting.

Cut the plastic sheeting several inches wider than the openings and label each sheet.

Duct tape plastic at the corners first, then tape down all edges.

What about oxygen?

Now that you’ve built your safe room and everything is sealed up tight, what about oxygen to breathe?

Well, if there is a need to tape up all windows, doors, and vents, there is probably a chemical or biological reason to do so. Therefore, you do not want outside air coming into your safe room.

Knowing that you want to keep outside air from infiltrating your room, you will need to take into consideration how many people are going to be in that room and allow 10 square feet of space per person to provide enough oxygen for each person for approximately five hours. (Five hours is just a guide.)

When you will run out of air in the room depends on how big the room is, how many people (or pets) are in it, the lung condition or capacity of the occupants, and whether someone is prone to panic or hyperventilate in a crisis situation.

While confined in your safe room, make sure to take everyone’s pulse every 10-15 minutes and write it down for each person.

Even though your pulses will probably be a bit higher from stress or from rushing to get into the room and tape it up, what you’re watching for is a sudden spike in anyone’s pulse, especially after the 5-hour mark.

That would signify that you’re running out of air and would need to make a decisionon whether it is safe to leave the room or not.

I hope you never have to make that decision but it may come down to breathing contaminated air or slowly being unable to stay awake and eventually pass out – and die.

A helpful item to have to prevent breathing contaminated air is a respirator mask.

These will protect you from germs (like swine flu, etc.) and particles in the air that might be left from a blast wave.

I’m sure that’s not what you wanted to hear, but this situation is a good reason to have a working radio, TV, in the room with you so you will know when authorities announce that it’s safe to come out (hopefully they would).

Storm Shelter

A storm shelter that is below ground may or may not be connected to the house. It is especially useful in areas where it is not safe to be above ground during a storm, such aa a tornado.

We have had tornados in the UK but they are very rare at the moment and many people think hurricanes will never happen here.

However, a safe room may be necessary for other types of disasters.

Whether you create a safe room in your home or build a storm shelter is considered a temporary protective measure to create a barrier between your family and potentially contaminated air outside as well as protection from flying or falling objects. It is a type of bugging-in that requires pre-planning.

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Hope for the Best and Plan for the Worst

Whether you are prepper, or a survivalist, at least you believe in at least one thing – being prepared.

Prepper supplies and survival gear is at the heart of your preparations for an emergency.

There may be disagreement as to whether it is better to bug-out to a safer location, or bug-in down in your well stocked basement, but I don’t believe there needs to be any argument when you can prepare to do both!

I am talking about having “layers” of preparation. The very first layer of preparedness should be a well-stocked, and equipped bug-out bag – one which allows you to walk (or bike) out on foot if necessary.

I mean it’s great your decked-out doomsday BOL up in the mountains is all prepared stocked and ready.

But what happens if a massive CME hits the earth or a man-made EMP.

What if after the economic collapse people start savaging around your house looking for food, and find your basement survival shelter?

I’m not saying planning to bug-in is wrong. I’m just saying that you should have “layers” of preparedness.

You have decided to “be prepared,” just don’t forget to prepare for the worst.

A worst-case scenario is that you have to bug-out, but you can’t use your car.

Maybe a solar storm has taken out its’ electronics, or perhaps you live in an urban area and have been given just hours to evacuate (from flood or even an asteroid)– with everyone trying to leave the roads would certainly be blocked.

The point being you absolutely cannot count on loading up your vehicle with a bunch of supplies and simply driving to safety.

You should “plan” as if you and your family will be on foot (or bikes) and keep a survival backpack loaded with prepper gear, and supplies.

This way “if” you can drive to a safe location – great! If not, you are still covered.

The best way of stocking this “bug-out bag” is to make sure you have the right mix of survival gear and emergency supplies, so you can live for months from just what you carry with you.

Your prepper backpack will contain the core basics of survival, allowing you to live off the land as much as possible.

When deciding which prepper gear and supplies to carry, the minimum to account for is water, food, fire, shelter, and first aid supplies.

Awareness is the first step to getting prepared

Doomsday Preppers have a horrible “image problem” as a bunch of crazies preparing for a zombie apocalypse, or hiding away in a bunker just waiting for that inevitable alien invasion. And – yes – there are some like that. But, if you loosely define “crazy” as being irrational (either in action, or inaction) – then most people are crazy.

This image has been generated by ratings hungry media groups who feel that by sensationalizing us they will sell more copies.

In fact, I would say that most of the population is overly optimistic – a condition called illusory superiority. This is the irrational belief that if bad things happen – they will only happen to others.

Basically, the individual falsely believes that they have a better chance of survival than they really do – because they think they are “superior.”

Because these people falsely believe they are safer than they really are, they don’t take action to help ensure their safely.

Most people don’t even have a basic 72 hour emergency kit because they don’t feel they need to.

But illusory superiority could be a lethal mental condition if we face a major disaster in our life time – and odds suggest we will!

Most people also have a “herd mentality,” and that prevents them from preparing for disaster.

Since they don’t see their friends and neighbors prepping, then becoming a prepper isn’t something that is for them.

On top of that, doomsday preppers are seen as outcasts, and the herd stays away from outcasts – right?

The herd mentality is actually a survival mechanism, but in this case it is hindering people’s chance of survival. Sometimes following the herd like lemmings is going to be detrimental to your survival.

I find it equally ironic that buying some form of insurance is so popular, while buying prepper supplies is not.

People seem to falsely believe that spending money on these pieces of paper to protect still other pieces of paper – money – is “ok”, while buying prepping supplies as insurance against a big disaster is not.

It’s nice that people have this paper insurance, but what if this paper becomes worthless? If you are choosing the best form of insurance, shouldn’t a well prepared basic survival kit really be the first form of insurance one gets?

If some disaster causes the collapse of government, or the failure of power grids, or society just breaks down, a well prepared survival backpack is the most reliable form of insurance a person should get.

So most people have some form of mental “issue” that keeps them from prepping.

The rational person will have a much better grasp of their true odds of survival, and make preparations to better those odds.

While people don’t even watch the news because “it’s too depressing,” a rational person will be unafraid to take that cold, hard look at reality.

So what could happen then? well just three events that will happen I just do not know when?


In 1859, there was a solar storm so large that if it happened today it would wipe out our power grid for years! It is estimated that solar events of this magnitude strike earth about once every 100 years.

The transformers are the weak link in the system, and it is their replacement that prolongs this disaster.

Really think over the consequences of what a long-term, nationwide (or hemisphere-wide) power-grid failure would mean – no water, no refrigeration, no ATMs, no cell phones, industry would be shut-down, etc.

A large solar storm could also wipe out electronic components. One of the consequences of this is that since modern vehicles use electronics to control their engines – most cars and trucks probably won’t work.

It is likely you won’t be just driving to safety.

Global Pandemic

About once every 100 years there is a global pandemic.

Over the years 1918 to 1920, it is estimated the Spanish Flu pandemic killed up to 100 million people – that was 6% of the world’s population!

Then of course there was the Plaque of the middle ages. Some estimates of the death toll are high as 25% of the European population.

With the current mobility of the world’s population, how much more quickly could a “superbug” spread today?

Supervolcano Eruption

72,000 years ago a supervolcano eruption nearly wiped out early man.

On average the Yellowstone supervolcano has erupted once every 600,000 years – it’s already been 640,000 years since the last.

Yellowstone is just one of seven “known” supervolcanoes on earth. An eruption of this magnitude would affect the globe and has even been classified an an extinction event.

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Bug-In or Bug-Out

As preppers we must plan for both scenarios Will you bug out or bug-in and fight? Preppers need to know when to bug in and when to bug out.

Fight or Flight Response for Preppers It’s a basic instinct for both man and animal: the instant a being realizes that danger is imminent, there is a “flight or fight” decision to make. It’s an acute stress response. In the world of prepping, fighting is “bugging in” and fleeing is “bugging out.” Taking a cue from nature, the hunter usually has the edge in striking by the element of surprise; however, the hunted may have a “home field advantage.”

Knowing the lay of the land certainly provides an advantage and a reason for bugging in; however, sometimes the best strategy is a combined response.

Think of a rat who flees when it feels threatened. If cornered however, it will fight. Assessing the situation like a rat is the ultimate survival response. Will you be the Hunter or the Hunted? In uncertain times, one becomes either the hunter or the hunted. The being that flees often becomes the hunted; however, fleeing doesn’t always mean changing locale.

The being that flees might choose camouflage to go undetected (hiding) or playing dead as a response to escaping capture. Both are survival mechanisms. Fires, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and other natural occurrences also can trigger a flight or fight response.

One may choose to fight or flee nature. Perhaps you will choose to escape natures fury or perhaps be forced to stay because there is no vehicle for escape.

Most have a plan to “bug in” for an extended amount of time, and then when the timing is right they will ‘bug out.” Bugging in (fighting) Bugging in is having the “home-field advantage.”

To defend the homestead and fight or hide, rather than to flee is bugging-in.

If the world outside your home is without water, electricity and food, there will be dangerous and irrational people roaming the streets, including gangs.

A prepper must be prepared to survive by bugging in.

The decision to bug in is often easier knowing that you have an arsenal of supplies at hand.

One thing’s for sure, having the proper supply of food in an emergency will enable the prepper to function at optimal levels to better defend their estate of supplies, while the masses in desperation pilfer, loot and lunge risking their lives for food.

The looters will exert too much energy finding their next meal, making them weaker upon confrontation. Bugging out (fleeing) To flee your home instead of fighting is bugging-out.

When you bug out, you bring all the essential gear possible. Plan your bug out vehicle as though you will never return home; however, always have hope that you willn return.

Bug out bag You can buy bog-out bags or make them yourself.

Bug out Vehicle (BOL) Do not have a vehicle that stands out, say, with bright colours which will attract too much attention.

Camouflage netting is an easy and cheap way to help disguise your vehicle. Bug out Bike Mobility is the key to prepper survival. While many Advanced Preppers have elaborate schemes to bug out with vehicles ranging from 4x4s to ex-military vehicles, these preppers often fail to prepare their bug out plan for an electromagnetic pulse scenario (EMP).

An EMP is a very real threat, because it would render all all modern vehicles useless.

Holding your Ground

Even if you already have a personal defence system in place to guard your food and water, you must plan to configure your home, train your team and properly equip any location for defence by hiding items in plain sight and positioning supplies. Whether you’re bugging in or bugging out, it’s important to prepare a proper defence.

While Preppers can certainly enrol in professional survival training courses, there are a variety of skills you can attain in prepping, including taking a martial arts class, reading a tactical defence book or a book on self-defence psychology, or getting streetwise with a self-defence class.

The training is up to you. Go with your interests and always expand on your skills. You might be able to avoid using a weapon altogether.

So now is the time to Prepare.

Route Planning

Route planning is an essential navigation skill and one you must master if you are planning bug out.

Even for the more experienced survivalist or prepper who has been training for years and only walks for pleasure, a few minutes route planning is very valuable.

Some experienced survivalists and preppers see it as an unnecessary chore but I say that even in a familiar area it can make you think about things you may have missed and help prevent you becoming complacent.

Think of route planning as a sort of risk assessment, the important thing is to think about what if, and how you would deal with that.

Also it is vital not to overestimate your fitness that of of your party. You may be much fitter than other members so escape routes and alternative routes are very important.

Many people who are experienced day walkers also underestimate the difficulty of multi day walks with a full pack on.

Route Cards

A route card is quite simply the route you plan to take broken into stages with the time you expect to return on. It can be written on anything in any form as long as copy is left with a responsible person who will be able to contact help if you do not arrive back when you should.

This means if you get into trouble help will know where to look, for a multi-day expedition a card should cover each day. Make sure when you do get back safely that you inform the person with the card.

The more detailed a route card the better, as it is much better to work out compass bearing etc at home than up a mountain and allows you to plan a more enjoyable trip and means if something does go wrong from a sprained ankle to a broken leg you are much better prepared.

Designing your own route card is fairly simple and most navigation books have an example. Below is an example, which you can use or adapt.


Members in group:

Weather Forecast:

Starting grid Ref:


Departure Time:

To (Grid Ref)Finishing Point Grid Ref:

Estimated Arrival Time:

Phone Check in Time:

Party leaders Mobile No:

Escape route

Estimating Time

The speed which you cover ground will depend on many things, fitness, how much and the terrain.

If you have time the best way is to work out a pace card where you time the number of paces and time it takes you to cover a set piece of ground say 100 meters and then work out your average speed over a 1km, but this takes time and experience to do.

Generally you will cover 3km or 2 miles an hour over rough trails with a pack on with this falling to about 2km over hilly or steep ground.

A large group will travel more slowly than a solo or pair of walkers as it must travel at the speed of the slowest member but also more time is needed while the group waits as they cross obstacles such as styles and streams or wait while people go to the toilet.

One good way of estimating time is Nasmith’s Rule. W. Nasmith was a Scottish mountaineer in the late 19th century who came up with a formula for estimating the time needed to complete a hike in the mountains which is still widely used today.

The rule states that you should allow 1 hour for every 5km (3 miles) adding 30 minutes for every 1,000 ft (300 meters) that you gain in height.

This rule assumes a fit experienced party and does not allow for rests (and is therefore used by the British military in its training).

It also doesn’t allow for bad weather and makes no allowance for downhill (steep descents will also slow a party and contra to what people think you do not tend to gain time coming down compared to if the ground was flat).

This rule works well for UK land ranger maps (1:50,000) where you cann add 1 minute for every 10-meter contour line.

Example a 20km (12 miles) walk gaining 2000ft of height bwould take 5 hours without breaks (4 hours for distance plus 1 hour for ascent)

Escape Routes

You will note on the example route there is a space for escape routes. This is an easy way off the mountain at a certain point or a quick route to the nearest shelter or help.

They should be easy routes to follow even in bad weather (which may be the reason for needing the escape route in the first place) and should not be too steep of difficult as you may have a party member with a minor injury.

The reason for using an escape route may not be serious, it could be that members of the party are not as fit as they thought or the weather is worse than planned.

IF IN DOUBT, USE THE ESCAPE / ALTERNATIVE ROUTE, Many groups get in trouble when they soldier on despite problems which then become much more serious, it may not be macho but it is sensible and mountain rescue will not thank you for getting yourself in trouble when you had a chance to get out of danger earlier.

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Being Ready for a Dirty Bomb

So you have cracked open a cool beer, you have some snacks next to you and you’re watching a film you really wanted to see and then the emergency broadcast system breaks into your film, but this isn’t a test or exercise.

The alert tells you that within 30 minutes a series of dirty bombs in your city are expected to go off.

What do you do?

Thankfully most of what you need for this situation is stuff that should already be in your preps. Food, water, medical gear … those are the main things. And you are already covered.

What you need to worry about is shelter.

But first, an aside about the radiation dangers from a dirty bomb. Simply put, they’re not as bad as you might worry about unless the bomb goes off close to you.

Since there’s no atomic reaction involved, it is a chemical explosion designed to disperse low grade radioactive materials around.

The best way to protect yourself from radiation and radioactive materials is to put as much mass between you and the source as possible. So a great starting point for your shelter is a basement.

If you don’t have a basement, the center of your house is a good place to be.

Assuming you don’t have a shelter already built, now it’s time to build yourself a fort.

Remember when you were a kid and you made forts out of the dining room table and blankets? Same concept here, just more urgent.

You want to build yourself a sturdy roof. Dining room tables are usually already sturdy, but you will have to improvise this.

Once you have a roof, stack heavy stuff on top of it. Books, water, wood, whatever you have handy. Remember, mass is your friend since it absorbs radiation.

Make sure you reinforce your roof as needed. Maybe add a sheet or two of plywood before piling on, doors from interior rooms, or something else. Don’t forget to reinforce the supports as well.

Use more stuff to make walls for your shelter. Anything you can get your hands on will help here. Leave a small crawling entrance open, just like when you were a kid.

The one thing you have to make sure you leave though is ventilation holes. Depending on the size of the shelter and the number of people in there, you may want to have a couple of different holes.

Make sure your ventilation is as high up on the wall of the shelter as possible to help draft hot air out and cool air in.

Bring your food and water into your shelter and stay there.

Due to the nature of a dirty bomb, you won’t have to stay for long. A day or two probably tops. Use your emergency radio to listen for guidance on radiation levels from local broadcasters.

Obviously there’s more to this, and way beyond just shelter, but I wanted you to think about it. It’s an unlikely event, but a high impact event. Though the impact will be largely social and supply line related, and not so much radiological unless you’re close to the blast.

Now, since you’re already thinking about this, you can make life a bit easier for yourself.

Just like the people in hurricane affected countries normally store plywood for their windows, etc, if you feel that you’re in an area that’s at greater risk flooding you too would be prepared for that event.

You don’t have to keep a shelter up full time, but a good idea would be to have some parts of it prefabricated. You can make a pretty rock solid shelter just with standard dimensional wood and plywood. Everything can be cut and partially assembled, then its ready when needed.

Then if it ever comes time to use it, you’re able to erect it quickly.

Make sure you know ahead of time where you’ll go, and put some supplies there

Think things through … like most potential disasters, OK a dirty bomb attack isn’t all that likely, but it also doesn’t require

much in the way of basic preps beyond what most of us are already working on or already have.

You just have to think things through…



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