My Thoughts

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My Thoughts on the N. Korean ICBM Threat

It is possible that the N Koreans have an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile = ICBM, that can reach the UK.

Well that is what is being reported in the international press so I thought I would look into this claim.

It could be scare mongering on behalf of the USA to try and inform public opinion of the perceved danger posed by N Korea, so that backing from as many NATO members as possible would be easier to garner when USA military action is proposed.

In other words, it’s the WMD in Iraq again.

Or it is true? and if it is what does it mean to us in the UK?

I for the moment cannot say if it is true or not. That means that I must assume that their ICBM can reach the UK, as being a Prepper and Survivalist I must prepare for all man-made or natural events as that’s what I do.

Let’s look at the actual threat, what is it, what is it’s yeild, what area would be affected by a detonation from a N. Korean ICBM over the UK.

The ICBM in question is the Hwasong-14 and is likely a two-staged version of the Hwasong-12 first tested in May 2017.

The second stage appears to have increased its range. The first stage engine appears very similar to the Hwasong-12. With a single liquid fuel engine, it has four Venrier thrusters for stability and guidance.

Less is known about the Hwasong-14’s second stage.

List of Hwasong-14 tests

4th July 2017 Near Panghyon Airport 39.872126 N 125.269258 E

ICBM variant of Hwasong-12 (poss. Hasong-14) with second stage added and smaller re-entry vehicle was fired on a lofted trajectory with apogee of 2,802 km (1,741 mi), landing 933 km (580 mi) away in the Sea of Japan.

28th July 2017 near Mupyong-ni, Chagang Province

Fired on a lofted trajectory with apogee of 3,724.9 km (2,314.5 mi), landing 998 km (620 mi) with a total flight time of 47 minutes, 12 seconds away in the Sea of Japan near Hokkaido.

What does that mean for the world

If the KN-14 becomes operational, the missile’s increased reliability will give credibility to Pyongyang’s ICBM threat to the United States.

However, the missile’s robustness also has drawbacks, as experts speculate that the KN-14’s enhanced design will extend the time required until the missile becomes operational.

Nonetheless, the missile’s successful test on July 4 and 28th, 2017 mark a significant leap forward for North Korea’s missile program, and North Korea will likely put considerable resources behind the KN-14’s production and deployment.

The KN-14’s 6,700 km range, as demonstrated by the test in July, indicate that the missile could be used to strike Alaska.

And I think the UK too.

I say this because London is 8687 km 5398 miles from Pyongyang, and experts speculate that the missile’s range could be as far as 8,000 – or even 10,000 km – meaning it could reach the U.S. West Coast, or even the U.S. Midwest and even the UK.

If North Korea is able to miniaturize its nuclear weapon capability and pair a nuclear warhead to the KN-14 ballistic missile, Pyongyang would be able to hold large swaths of the U.S. population at risk as well as possibly the UK population providing the Kim regime with substantial strategic leverage.

Yield

I think the warhead has a yield of at least yield of 500 kilotons of TNT equivalent. For comparison, the strongest conventional bomb on Earth is the GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB), used by the U.S., has a blast yield of 11 tons of TNT.

However, according to the state-run Korean Central News Agency, the re-entry vehicle (the part of the missile that carries the warhead down from its apogee for detonation) on the Hwasong-14 is designed to carry larger nuclear payloads, a claim that sharply contrasts with the smaller, compact nuclear warheads the DPRK is known to have developed.

It is also known that the DPRK has been trying to develop a thermonuclear weapon, which would certainly fit the description of a larger payload. A thermonuclear weapon could easily wipe out large cities like New York or Los Angeles or London.

The effects of a 50KT AIR BURST over London are shown below, I picked an air burst because the blast damage effects are much greater than those of a ground burst.

Estimated fatalities: 222,020 Estimated injuries: 653,690

In any given 24-hour period, there are approximately 2,052,052 people in the 1 psi range of the most recent detonation.

Modeling casualties from a nuclear attack is difficult. These numbers should be seen as evocative, not definitive. Fallout effects are ignored as wind direction and speed make guessing difficult.

Remember a 50KT warhead is a baby in comparison to the megaton/s out there

This link allows you to select your town and the weapon size, air or ground burst and see the effects http://nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/

Having said all this, it’s important to realise that N. Korea has very few of these ICBM’s and is probably test firing them as they make them at the moment. This will lead to the obvious production and minimization of them as they now have a submarine test under way too.

At the moment it can only carry 1 ICBM but there are plans to increase that to 4. I expect a submarine launched ICBM test any time soon, and this will be from a submerged barge firing location.

It is up to B.M.E.W.S to do it’s job now.

You Couldn’t Make it Up

Victims of crime will be asked to write their own police statements online under a new ‘self-service’ plan by one of the country’s biggest forces.

They will also be asked to upload evidence such as CCTV and phone camera footage of offences being committed.

Announcing the pilot scheme, to be launched by the West Midlands force later this year, Chief Constable Dave Thompson said ‘the public are just as capable as the police’.

It overturns generations of traditional policing where only an officer or trained member of staff can gather evidence.

But Mr Thompson said forces need to move towards ‘self-service’ to save money and give the public more choice on reporting crime. He suggested victims could write their own accounts of simple offences such as shoplifting, criminal damage and road accidents.

And he said other forces were experimenting with similar ideas, including web chats. These include the Metropolitan Police, Devon and Cornwall, Avon and Somerset, and East Midlands.

So according to Chief Constable Dave Thompson ‘the public are just as capable as the police’.

Either that means that there is no need to train cops anymore or that they must be trained so therefore so must we, if we are going to do their jobs for them.

That then leads to hours investigating crimes against us, with no warrant card, uniform or offical capacity at all, no pay, insurance or training.

This idea is a complete joke, we pay out of our taxes for a police force and we should not be asked to do their work for them.

London Airport False Flag Event

I see this as a False Flag Event. In fact better still a practice run for a False Flag Event.

London City Airport evacuated in ‘chemical’ scare

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-37734096

So what is CS Gas?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The compound 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile (also called o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile) (chemical formula: C10H5ClN2), a cyanocarbon, is the defining component of a tear gas commonly referred to as CS gas, which is used as a riot control agent.

Exposure causes a burning sensation and tearing of the eyes to the extent that the subject cannot keep their eyes open, and a burning irritation of the nose, mouth and throat mucous membranes causing profuse coughing, mucous nasal discharge, disorientation, and difficulty breathing, partially incapacitating the subject.

The strange thing is that apart from uncontrolled coughing, none of these other symptons were reported at all, not one report of passengers with steaming eyes.

Now those in the military who have experienced the effects of CS Gas will tell you of its incapacitng effects on your body and the most reported efect that even I can atest to is the burning and stinging in the eyes with tear ducts working over time.

If you have smelt tear gas before, then there is no mistake you would know what it was.

I fail to see how not one of the police or firemen and even passenges in the terminal failed to identify CS Gas, as it’s smell, let alone the effects on their bodies would have alerted them to what the chemical was.

Firefighters and police wearing protective equipment carried out two complete sweeps of the airport building and declared the incident over.

But they failed to find anything that might have caused it.

However, a later Met Police statement said: “A subsequent search of the airport led to the discovery of what is believed to be a CS gas spray.

So which of the following statements is true?

This one

“Whilst the cause of the incident has not yet been confirmed, officers are investigating whether it was the result of an accidental discharge of the spray.

Or this one

“Enquiries continue. This is not being treated as a terrorist-related incident. At this early stage officers believe that the spray may have been discarded by a passenger prior to check-in.”

I mean if it was “discarded” then how did it go off?

As to me how can it be an accidentals discharge? when they also suggest that it was deliberate as well?

There is something not right about this incident, and that worries me. We are long over due a terrorist attack in the UK, and with the recent reports of gas attacks in Syria and other countries within the middle east, perhaps the next terror attack with be a gas one.

Testing a gas in an enclosed area and an area that can be “vented” after the event makes sense to me.

It’s time to read between the lines.

Nuclear Terror ALERT

Police arrest three men near Sellafield UK

Fresh fears over security around Britain’s nuclear plants were raised last night after police arrested three men near Sellafield.

The base is on a heightened alert following the terror attacks in Paris in which 131 people were killed and 270 wounded.

And in Brussels where 31 where killed with 270 injured.

The North West Counter Terrorism Unit revealed that the three were detained in woodland close to the high-security site after a tip-off from a concerned passer-by.

The arrests happened in the early hours of Monday, December 7, but the details have only now been released.

The men were arrested by the Civil Nuclear Constabulary, based at Sellafield, before being passed by Cumbria Police to the North West Counter Terrorism Unit for questioning.

If further proof were needed that a dirty bomb attack is on the cards then this has to be a wake up call. A security officer at a nuclear site was killed in the Belgian city of Charleroi two days after the terror attacks in Brussels, local newspaper Derniere Heure reported, citing police sources.

Charleroi is located 50 km from the Belgian capital.

A security guard, who was walking his dog, was shot dead in the early evening on Thursday, the paper said.

His security pass was stolen, which alerted the investigators since the man was a member of a nuclear power plant staff.

These new incidents come amid recent fears that Britain is a nuclear terror target.

The UK has the biggest stockpile of plutonium in the world and most of it is held at Sellafield in Cumbria, with taxpayers estimated to spend £80million a year to keep it safe.

According to official figures more than 126 tons of “civil” plutonium was being held in the UK as of December 2014.

Up to four kilos are needed to make a nuclear weapon. Successive governments accumulated plutonium from the 1950s when it was believed it could provide an alternative energy source for oil, coal and gas.

But attempts to use it as a fuel have routinely been abandoned with Britain’s experimental nuclear power plants closing following a lack of success.

Stupidly Britain also stores plutonium for other countries.

The dispersal of highly toxic plutonium dioxide powder, which Sellafield keeps in stainless steel cans, would be disastrous. The tiniest amount breathed into a person’s lungs causes an intolerable risk of cancer.

So what makes me think that this sort of attack is not only on the cards but is actually being planned?

Well it is a well known fact that isis have tried on many occasions to obtain radioactive material.

In Brussels the terrorists had originally planned to target a nuclear power plant and may have detonated a device at the plant and gained entry to get ‘dirty bomb’ materials

11 nuclear power plant workers have had their site access revoked amid fears of ‘insider help’.
Jihadis filmed 12 hours of footage of the power chief’s home amid a kidnap plan. It has now emerged the creators of the footage were the Bakraoui brothers

I think that proves their intent to use a nuclear device, or I think even more likely a Dirty Bomb

A “dirty bomb” is one type of a radiological dispersal device (RDD) that combines conventional explosives, such as dynamite, with radioactive material.

The terms dirty bomb and RDD are often used interchangeably in the media.

Most RDDs would not release enough radiation to kill people or cause severe illness – the conventional explosive itself would be more harmful to individuals than the radioactive material.

However, depending on the situation, an RDD explosion could create fear and panic, contaminate property, and require potentially costly cleanup. Making prompt, accurate information available to the public may prevent the panic sought by terrorists.

A dirty bomb is in no way similar to a nuclear weapon or nuclear bomb.

A nuclear bomb creates an explosion that is millions of times more powerful than that of a dirty bomb.

The cloud of radiation from a nuclear bomb could spread tens to hundreds of square miles, whereas a dirty bomb’s radiation could be dispersed within a few blocks or miles of the explosion.

A dirty bomb is not a “Weapon of Mass Destruction” but a “Weapon of Mass Disruption,” where contamination and anxiety are the terrorists’ major objectives.

Impact of a Dirty Bomb

The extent of local contamination would depend on a number of factors, including the size of the explosive, the amount and type of radioactive material used, the means of dispersal, and weather conditions.

Those closest to the RDD would be the most likely to sustain injuries due to the explosion.

As radioactive material spreads, it becomes less concentrated and less harmful. Prompt detection of the type of radioactive material used will greatly assist local authorities in advising the community on protective measures, such as sheltering in place, or quickly leaving the immediate area.

Radiation can be readily detected with equipment already carried by many emergency responders. Subsequent decontamination of the affected area may involve considerable time and expense.

Immediate health effects from exposure to the low radiation levels expected from an RDD would likely be minimal. The effects of radiation exposure would be determined by:

The amount of radiation absorbed by the body;

The type of radiation (gamma, beta, or alpha);

The distance from the radiation to an individual;

The means of exposure-external or internal (absorbed by the skin, inhaled, or ingested); and the length of time exposed.

The health effects of radiation tend to be directly proportional to radiation dose. In other words, the higher the radiation dose, the higher the risk of injury.

Protective Actions

In general, protection from radiation is afforded by:

Minimizing the time exposed to radioactive materials;

Maximizing the distance from the source of radiation; and

Shielding from external exposure and inhaling radioactive material.

Sources of Radioactive Material

Radioactive materials are routinely used at hospitals, research facilities, industrial activities, and construction sites.

These radioactive materials are used for such purposes as diagnosing and treating illnesses, sterilizing equipment, and inspecting welding seams.

Control of Radioactive Material

Storage facilities are licensed to use or store radioactive material to secure it from theft and unauthorized access.

These measures have been greatly strengthened since the attacks of September 11, 2001. Licensees must promptly report lost or stolen risk-significant radioactive material.

Risk-significant” refers to radioactive sources that may pose a significant risk to individuals, society and the environment if not properly used, protected, or secured.

Local authorities also assist in making a determined effort to find and retrieve such sources.

Most reports of lost or stolen material involve small or short-lived radioactive sources that are not useful for an RDD.

Past experience suggests there has not been a pattern of collecting such sources for the purpose of assembling an RDD.

It is important to note that the radioactivity of the combined total of all unrecoverable sources over the past 8 years (when corrected for radioactive decay) would not reach the threshold for one high-risk radioactive source. Unfortunately, the same cannot be said world-wide.

Risk of Cancer

Just because a person is near a radioactive source for a short time or gets a small amount of radioactive dust on himself or herself does not mean he or she will get cancer.

Any additional risk will likely be extremely small. Doctors specializing in radiation health effects will be able to assess the risks and suggest what medical treatment, if any, is needed, once the radioactive source and exposure levels have been determined.

There are some medical treatments available that help cleanse the body of certain radioactive materials following a radiological accident. Prussian blue has been proven effective for ingestion of cesium-137 (a radioactive isotope).

In addition, potassium iodide (KI) can be used to protect against thyroid cancer caused by iodine-131 (radioactive iodine).

However, KI, which is available “over the counter” offers no protection to other parts of the body or against other radioactive isotopes. Medical professionals are best qualified to determine how to best treat symptoms.

So remember a dirty bomb is far less powerful.

A dirty bomb is different mostly because it causes more fear, which is what terrorists want.

But terrorists have never deployed such a device.

I don’t think people should be more fearful than they already are about these things.

The renewed concerns over a potential radioactive weapon in the hands of ISIS comes nearly a year after Iraqi officials warned the U.N. the group had obtained materials that could “be used in manufacturing weapons of mass destruction.

However for the facts visit my Nuclear Survival Site http://attackwarningred.blogspot.co.uk/

Its not a CON-Trail

CONSPIRACY THEORISTS ARE VINDICATED: U.S. SENATE REPORTS CHEMTRAILS ARE REAL AND ARE KILLING US!

Mentioning the word ‘chemtrails’ on a public bus or Facebook is bound to earn you a few eye rolls from eavesdroppers and sceptical family members.

However, while scepticism – regardless of the source – isn’t exactly the worst thing in the world, it appears that those who believe strongly in the idea that the U.S. government is spraying dangerous chemicals into the atmosphere may have been onto something after all.

The evidence? No, not some YouTube video by a retired NASA janitor. This time, you’ve got an actual official government document from the U.S. admitting to the placement of chemicals in our atmosphere.

To start with, Dr. Norman A Beckman begins by requesting a report on the history of weather modification. Washington, D.C., July 30, 1976.

Dr. Norman A. Beckman, Acting Director, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Dear Dr. Beckman: Weather modification, although a relatively young science, has over the years stimulated great interest within the scientific, commercial, governmental, and agricultural communities.

Although the Soviets and some U.S. private operators claim some success in suppressing hail by seeding clouds, our understanding of the physical processes that create hail is still weak.

The one major U.S. held experiment increased our understanding of severe storms, but otherwise proved mostly the dimensions of what we do not yet know.

For over 30 years both legislative and executive branches of the Federal Government have been involved in a number of aspects of weather modification.

That last statement alone should have you clicking on google to see the full facts. Share it with your more sceptical friends and see what they have to say

Additional details on Chemtrails vs Contrails is also available online and it appears that Geoengineering, Solar Radiation Management, Climate-Engineering, Weather Modification, HAARP, & “Chemtrails” Cloud-seeding & rudimentary weather control was a somewhat old technology, back when I was a little kid.

I remember watching the contrails & wondering as the years have gone by, why some of them behaved differently. Genuine contrails, are merely condensation forming behind certain engines at specific altitudes, & dissipate as you watch.

They never lasted very long. There are others though, colloquially referred to as “chemtrails”, which I noticed behaved differently, even under the same weather conditions, long before I knew the different terms they were given.

Rather than dissipating almost as soon as they’re formed, as actual contrails do, these would remain for long periods of time, gradually dispersing into a haze – often blanketing the sky for many hours.

When I’ve watched the end of a contrail, dissipating in real time as the jet flies along, while chaff from another plane is obviously dispersing into a recognizable haze – I can clearly see the difference, and if you are honest so can you.

China is at Cyber War with the UK

Chinese hackers are trying to breach the National Grid’s computer system 1,000 times a day, it can be revealed.

During a tour of one of the organization’s operational centers, a senior source supplied the figure to a freelance journalist and added: ‘The only time it drops off is during Chinese New Year.’

Attempts to break into the network that controls the UK’s electricity supply are now at record levels, with Russia also believed to be heavily involved in the high-tech espionage.

Senior military and intelligence figures have already warned that plans to let China have a stake in Britain’s nuclear power industry threaten the UK’s national security.

Chinese president Xi Jinping is expected to sign a joint deal next week for new nuclear power plants in Hinkley in Somerset, and Sizewell in Suffolk, during the first visit to the UK by a Chinese leader in a decade.

Lord Arbuthnot, who chaired the Defence Select Committee until last year, told The Mail on Sunday: ‘Most ordinary people would be astonished to find that the power utilities are coming under more attack than even the financial services.

I don’t believe that China has hostile intent against the United Kingdom but I think they would like to be in a position where, if they formed hostile intent, they were able to carry it out.’

A National Grid spokesman said it had ‘robust monitoring systems’ in place to protect itself.

My Thoughts on Flooding

As prepper we plan for natural and man-made disasters to the best of our ability. If you are not a prepper then here is what I suggest you do to combat the terrible effects of flooding.

Floods are the most frequent natural hazards in UK, and the most costly in terms of property damage.

Floods can occur in any region, in the countryside or in cities. In the past, floods have affected hundreds of thousands of Britons.

They can occur at any time of the year and are most often caused by heavy rainfall, rapid melting of a thick or more rarely, the failure of a natural or human-made dam.

Most UK rivers experience flooding at one time or another. The potential for flood damage is particularly high where there is development on low-lying, flood-prone lands.

Flash or sudden flooding, in which warning time is extremely limited, can result from other causes such as violent rainstorms, or the bursting of dams.

Everyone has a responsibility to protect their homes and their families.

You can greatly lessen the impact of a flood by taking the time to prepare in advance. This involves three basic steps:

Find out what to do before, during, and after a flood.

Make a family emergency plan, so that everyone knows what to do, and where to go in case of an emergency.

Get an emergency kit, so that you and your family can be self-sufficient for at least 72 hours during a flood.

Planning for a flood will also help prepare you for many other types of emergencies. After reading this guide, keep it in a handy spot, such as in your emergency kit.

Know the risks and get prepared

To get prepared for a flood, you should know the risks specific to your community and your region to help you better prepare.

Before a flood

To reduce the likelihood of flood damage

Put weather protection sealant around basement windows and the base of ground-level doors.

Place sand-bags around doors etc.

You could possibily put the drainage for downspouts a sufficient distance from your residence to ensure that water moves away from the building.

Do not store your important documents in the basement. Keep them at a higher level, protected from flood damage.

If a flood is forecast

Take special precautions to safeguard electrical, natural gas or propane heating equipment.

If there is enough time, consult your electricity or fuel supplier for instructions on how to proceed.

Shut off the electricity only if flooding has not yet begun and the area around the fuse box is completely dry. Stand to the side of the breaker panel and look away from the panel when switching the power off. Have a flashlight with you.

If flooding is imminent

Move furniture, electrical appliances and other belongings to floors above ground level.

Remove toxic substances such as pesticides and insecticides from the flood area to prevent pollution.

In some cases, homes may be protected with sandbags or polyethylene barriers. Follow instructions from local emergency officials.

Do NOT attempt to shut off electricity if any water is present. Water and live electrical wires can be lethal. Leave your home immediately and do not return until authorities indicate it is safe to do so.

During A Flood

Listen to the radio to find out what areas are affected, what roads are safe, where to go and what to do if the emergency services ask you to leave your home.

Keep your emergency kit close at hand, in a portable container such as a duffel bag, backpack, or suitcase with wheels.

If you need to evacuate

Vacate your home when you are advised to do so by emergency services. Ignoring such a warning could jeopardize the safety of your family or those who might eventually have to come to your rescue.

Take your emergency kit with you.

Follow the routes specified by officials. Don’t take shortcuts. They could lead you to a blocked or dangerous area.

Make arrangements for pets.

Time permitting, leave a note informing others when you left and where you went.

Never cross a flooded area

If you are on foot, fast water could sweep you away.

If you are in a car, do not drive through flood waters or underpasses. The water may be deeper than it looks and your car could get stuck or swept away by fast water.

Avoid crossing bridges if the water is high and flowing quickly.

If you are caught in fast-rising waters and your car stalls, leave it and save yourself and your passengers.

After a Flood

Re-entering your home

Do not return home until authorities have advised that it is safe to do so.

If the main power switch was not turned off prior to flooding, do not re-enter your home until a qualified electrician has determined it is safe to do so.

Use extreme caution when returning to your home after a flood.

Appliances that may have been flooded pose a risk of shock or fire when turned on. Do not use any appliances, heating, pressure, or sewage system until electrical components have been thoroughly cleaned, dried, and inspected by a qualified electrician.

The main electrical panel must be cleaned, dried, and tested by a qualified electrician to ensure that it is safe.

Ensure building safety

Make sure the building is structurally safe.

Look for buckled walls or floors.

Watch for holes in the floor, broken glass and other potentially dangerous debris.

Water

Flood water can be heavily contaminated with sewage and other pollutants. It can cause sickness and infections.

If through colour, odour or taste you suspect that your drinking water has been contaminated, don’t drink it.

Household items that have been flood-damaged will have to be thrown away.

Documentation

Store all valuable papers that have been damaged in a freezer until needed. (After your cleanup, consult your lawyer to determine whether flood-damaged documents, or just the information in them, must be retained).

Record details of flood damage by photograph or video, if possible.

Register the amount of damage to your home with both your insurance agent and local council.

Make an Emergency Plan

Every household needs an emergency plan. It will help you and your family to know what to do in case of an emergency.

Remember, your family may not be together when a flood or other emergency occurs.

Start by discussing what could happen and what you should do at home, at school or at work if an emergency happens.

To be prepared, make a list of what needs to be done ahead of time. Store important family documents, such as birth certificates, passports, wills, financial documents, insurance policies, etc. in waterproof container(s).

Select an appropriate out-of-town contact that can act as a central point of contact in an emergency.

Write down and exercise your plan with the entire family at least once a year. Make sure everybody has a copy and keeps it close at hand.

Get an Emergency Kit

In an emergency you will need some basic supplies. You may need to go without power or tap water. Be prepared to be self-sufficient for at least 72 hours.

You may have some of the items already, such as a flashlight, battery-operated radio, food and water. The key is to make sure they are organized and easy to find. Would you be able to find your flashlight in the dark?

Make sure your kit is easy to carry. Keep it in a backpack, duffel bag or suitcase with wheels, in an easy-to-reach, accessible place, such as your near your frony door.

Make sure everyone in the household knows where the emergency kit is.

Basic emergency kit

Water – at least one gallon of water per person per day. Include small bottles that can be carried easily in case of an evacuation order.

Food that won’t spoil, such as tinned food, energy bars and dried foods (remember to replace the food and water once a year).

Store what you eat and eat what you store

Manual can opener.

Wind-up or battery-powered flashlight (and extra batteries).

Wind-up or battery-powered radio (and extra batteries).

First aid kit and manual

Wet weather clothing

Survival blankets

Special items such as prescription medications, infant formula and equipment for people with disabilities.

Extra keys to your car and house.

Cash in smaller notes, such as £5/£10 notes and change for payphones.

A copy of your emergency plan and contact information

Protect Yourself and Your Home

Here’s what you can do to stay safe during a flood:

If flooding occurs, go to higher ground and avoid areas subject to flooding.

Do not attempt to walk across flowing streams or drive through flooded roadways.

If water rises in your home before you evacuate, go to the top floor, attic, or roof.

Listen to a battery-operated radio for the latest storm information.

Turn off all utilities at the main power switch and close the main gas valve if advised to do so.

If you’ve come in contact with floodwaters, wash your hands with soap and disinfected water.

The Road to Recovery

As soon as floodwater levels have dropped, it’s time to start the recovery process. Here’s what you can do to begin restoring your home.

If your home has suffered damage, call your insurance company to file a claim.

Check for structural damage before re-entering your home to avoid being trapped in a building collapse.

Take photos of any floodwater in your home and save any damaged personal property.

Make a list of damaged or lost items and include their purchase date and value with receipts, and place with the inventory you took prior to the flood. Some damaged items may require disposal, so keep photographs of these items.

Keep power off until an electrician has inspected your system for safety.

Boil water for drinking and food preparation until authorities tell you that your water supply is safe.

Prevent mold by removing wet contents immediately.

Wear gloves and boots to clean and disinfect. Wet items should be cleaned with a pine-oil cleanser and bleach, completely dried, and monitored for several days for any fungal growth and odors.

If you have experienced a flood, you can file your flood insurance claim by following these three steps:

NOTIFY YOUR INSURER TO START THE CLAIMS PROCESS After experiencing a flood, contact your agent or insurance company to make a claim. Make sure you have the following information handy:

The name of your insurance company

Your policy number

A telephone and/or email address where you can be reached at all times

An adjuster should contact you within a few days of filing your claim. If you do not hear from an adjuster, you can contact your insurance agent or company again.

DOCUMENT THE DAMAGE Separate damaged from undamaged property. Your adjuster will need evidence of the damage to your home and possessions to prepare your repair estimate.

Take photographs of all of the damaged property, including discarded objects, structural damage, and standing floodwater levels.

Make a list of damaged or lost items and include their date of purchase, value, and receipts, if possible.

Officials may require disposal of damaged items so, if possible, place flooded items outside of the home.

Having been flooded in a very small way I have to say in comparison to what has happened over the Christmas period I have no idea what these floos victims are going through.

But perhaps by following this information it may prevent the worst happening.

Flood Safety Advice

Do not walk through flood waters, as man hole covers may have been lifted and you could be sucked into the man-hole.

Anyway it only takes six inches of moving water to knock you off your feet. If you are trapped by moving water, move to the highest possible point and call 999 for help.

Do not drive into flooded roads or around flood barriers; Turn Around, Don’t Drown!

Water may be deeper than it appears and can hide many hazards (i.e. sharp objects, washed out road surfaces, electrical wires, chemicals, etc).

A vehicle caught in swiftly moving water can be swept away in a matter of seconds. Twelve inches of water can float a car or small 4×4 and 18 inches of water can carry away largeer vehicles.

If water is suspect then filter and boil, if only discoloured tap water is available agail filter and boil.

If you are at home cut off by water then move to one room and prepare to wait it out there.

It is easier to heat one room and also to keep an eye on all family members especially children and pets.

Be prepared to move upstairs if waters rise and come in to your home.

Anything that has been covered with flood water must be sterlized before being used.

Personal hygiene is paramount in protecting you from water born diseases and food poisoning.

What you will need to survive a flood.

A basic emergency supply kit could include the following recommended items:

Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation.

Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food, tea, coffee, powdered milk etc.

Pet food and water.

Paper plates, cups and plastic cutlery.

Camping type cooker, heater, lantern and spare canisters and candles, matches or lighter.

Battery-powered or wind-up radio and extra batteries.

Flashlight for each family member and extra batteries.

First aid kit.

Whistle to signal for help.

Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place.

Wet wipes, rubbish bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation.

Wrench or pliers to turn off water electric etc.

Manual can opener for food

Local maps

Mobile phone with charger.

I keep the above in a plastic box with a snap lid and it is marked Flood Kit.

 

 

 

The Get-Home Bag

Now even more than ever I see the real need for a get-home bag, and it needs to be with us when ever we are away from home.

When I say with us, I do not mean left in the vehicle while we are working or shopping, I really do mean with us.

The contents of this GHB I will cover later, however having a GHB is not enough at all, it must be combined with a what to do plan.

What You Can Do to Prepare
Finding out what can happen is the first step. Once you have determined the possible threats, man-made or natural and their effect on your area, it is important that you discuss them with your family or household and develop a disaster plan together.

Create an emergency contact plan.
Choose an out-of-town contact your family or household will call or e-mail to check on each other should a disaster occur.

Your selected contact should live far enough away that they would be unlikely to be directly affected by the same event, and they should know they are the chosen contact.

Make sure every household member has that contact’s, and each other’s, e-mail addresses and telephone numbers (home, work and mobile).

Leave these contact numbers at your children’s schools, if you have children, and at your workplace.

Your family should know that if telephones are not working, they need to be patient and try again later or try e-mail. Many people flood the telephone lines when emergencies happen but e-mail can sometimes get through when calls don’t.

Select a meeting place.
Having a predetermined meeting place away from your home will save time and minimize confusion should your home be affected or the area evacuated.

You will also need a meeting place in the town or city where you are shopping, so you can all meet up if an attack occurs.

Remember too, this will also apply if on holiday or in a strange city, in fact I would argue even more so.

You may even want to make arrangements to stay with a family member or friend in case of an emergency. Be sure to include any pets in these plans, since pets are not permitted in shelters and some hotels will not accept them.

Having a GHB “with you” will make a huge difference to how an attack affects you personally, and if public transport is unavailable you know how to get back home by utilising your Plan

If Disaster Strikes

Remain calm and be patient. Follow the advice the security services. Listen to your radio or television for news and instructions.

If the disaster occurs near you, check for injuries.

Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people. If the disaster occurs near your home while you are there, check for damage using a flashlight/torch. Do not light matches or candles or turn on electrical switches.

Check-Call-Care:

Check the scene to make sure it is safe for you to approach.

Then check the victim for unconsciousness and life-threatening conditions.

Someone who has a life-threatening condition, such as not breathing or severe bleeding, requires immediate care by trained responders and may require treatment by medical professionals. Call out for help.

There are some steps that you can take, however, to care for someone who is hurt, but whose injuries are not life threatening

Control Bleeding

Cover the wound with a dressing, and press firmly against the wound (direct pressure). Elevate the injured area above the level of the heart if you do not suspect that the victim has a broken bone.

Cover the dressing with a bandage. If the bleeding does not stop: Apply additional dressings and bandages. Use a pressure point to squeeze the artery against the bone. Provide care for shock.

Care for Shock

Keep the victim from getting chilled or overheated. Elevate the legs about 12 inches (if broken bones are not suspected).

Do not give food or drink to the victim. Tend Burns Stop the burning by cooling the burn with large amounts of water. Cover the burn with dry, clean dressings or cloth.

Care for Injuries to Muscles, Bones and Joints

Rest the injured part. Apply ice or a cold pack to control swelling and reduce pain. Avoid any movement or activity that causes pain. If you must move the victim because the scene is becoming unsafe, try to immobilize the injured part to keep it from moving.

Be Aware of Biological/Radiological Exposure
Listen to local radio and television reports for the most accurate information from responsible governmental and medical authorities on what’s happening and what actions you will need to take.

Create a Disaster Plan
Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster. Explain the dangers of fire, severe weather, and terror attacks to children. Plan to share responsibilities and work together as a team.

Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to happen. Explain what to do in each case.

Pick two places to meet:

Right outside your home in case of a sudden emergency, like a fire.

Outside your neighbourhood in case you can’t return home. Everyone must know the address and phone number.

Ask an out of area friend to be your “family contact.” After a disaster. Other family members should call this person and tell them where they are. Everyone must know your contact’s phone number.

Discuss what to do in an attack and don’t forget to practice and update Your Plan

There are many other things we will do as our threat level assessment dictates but this is what is in my GHB.

A few other things, your geographical location and situation, changing seasons, the nature and location of the event, your families plans, and the distances you may have to travel, should cause you to adjust the contents of your GHB If you can’t wear good walking shoes at work you will need to keep a pair in your bag.

The contents of my GHB is based upon an ongoing threat level analysis. Everyday I wake up, check the current events, evaluate what it all means to me, and decide if I need to change the threat Level.

I repeat the process every night before going to bed. I know that sounds very sad, but it is now a habit a routine.

Think about it the weather changes from mild to icy cold, from damp wet to very sunny hot these are reasons alone to want to change the GHB contents leave alone the extreme terrorist threat we now face.

N95 face mask (minimum)

Wet Wipes

Flash Light/Torch

Bic Lighters

Multi tool. (I always wear mine)

A UK legal carry 3 inch, folding non-lock knife

Water, enough for your journey or a water filter bottle.

Energy Bars

Any emergency food you prefer but enough for your journey home

Walking shoes, woollen socks

Local map, OS map and if far away a UK motorway map-Finding ways around obstacles or detours.

Disposable poncho

Emergency blanket

Extra clothing-weather specific

Extra mobile phone battery or a power cell

Emergency credit card/debit card to pay for a lift, buy spare parts or food, water,accommodation etc.

Umbrella

Triangle bandage / cravat – Multi use, medical, water filter (not purifier), dust filter for face, etc.

Toilet paper

Candle – Heat, Fire starter, Signal

6ft x 8 ft Tarp – Shelter, ground tarp for working on vehicle.

Magnesium Fire Starter / Fire Steel

Compass / Signal Mirror – Navigation, directional day time signalling (A couple flashes in a drivers eyes will get their attention – just don’t hold it on them as it could cause an accident).

Whistle

Emergency road flare – Emergency distress signal, fire starter.

Folding saw – Collecting fuel for an overnight fire if needed, removing debris from a road, etc.

Notepad and pens/pencil – Leaving directions, destination and contact information.

Shemagh – Head cover, scarf, dust filter, water filter, Wet down put on neck to avoid overheating, etc.

White cotton towel – Waving it at passing cars is an emergency distress signal, to clean up with after repairing vehicle

Hand/foot warmers

Gloves,

First-aid-kit, first-aid manual or mobile app

Medication

Pain killers

All of the gear in my Get Home Bag fits nicely in a small backpack.

A little heavier than most will be used to carrying, but it isn’t over whelming and will give you plenty of resources to deal with a wide variety of situations.

While most all of the items in a Get Home Bag should have multiple uses the extra mobile phone battery or power cell, the cash, and emergency credit card are in all likelihood the most useful in most terrorist attacks or emergencies.

The important thing to remember is that your GHB will naturally be different to mine and that’s OK.

I think the main thing is that what ever you carry it will be more than most.

What to do WHEN the terror attack comes.

National Counter Terrorism Security Office issues advice on terror attacks

Public urged to ‘escape if you can’ or hide out of gunman’s sight

Warning armed police ‘may be unable to distinguish you from attacker’

Businesses are told to prepare to put sites into a security lockdown

Security chiefs issued new guidance on how to prepare for a Paris-style attack in Britain, with buildings put into lockdown and people told to run, hide and call the police.

Businesses are told to prepare for a ‘fast moving incident such as a firearms or weapons attack’, with plans in place to evacuate staff and stopping armed terrorists entering a site.

The National Counter Terrorism Security Office also released advice on how to behave in an attack, telling people to ‘escape if you can’ and if not barricade themselves in with their phones on silent.

In an alarming move, jihadists are also said to be recruiting foreign experts to help them develop nerve gas.

Security chiefs fear a repeat of the sarin attack on the Tokyo subway which killed 12 people in 1995.

They are also worried that the extremists are plotting to poison our water supplies.

The terror group is already suspected of using mustard gas and chlorine against Kurdish fighters in Iraq.

Now it has set up a branch dedicated to acquiring weapons of mass destruction to use on the streets of Western cities.

The threat was revealed yesterday by France’s prime minister Manuel Valls.

He told French MPs: “We must not rule anything out. We know there could be a risk of chemical or biological weapons.”

Gas attacks have been around since the 5th century BC, when they were used as chemical warfare.

Today, the release of toxic gas might also be the product of a terrorist attack or industrial accident.

While you should hope that you never have to experience this, knowing how to recognize and respond to such a threat could save your life.

So as the GOV has no plans to close our border then, or round up known or suspected religious fanatics then.

The simple fact is it is up to you and me to ensure our and our families safety in these uncertain times.

My advice is very similur to the Gov. advice which for once is very good.

If you hear loud bangs or explosions and you are in the open, then take cover, put your mobile on silent, remember to keep away from glass windows or doors. Do not simply lie down as people who did that in Paris were shot.

Once hidden then stay there until you are told it is safe to leave.

If you are shopping in a group, family/friends then select an RV point were you will all meet up if seperated should an attack occur.

If you see someone/something suspicious phone 999 and report what you have seen. Please try to remember vehicle Reg., make, colour, number of occupants and their discription, their location, and the direction in which they left.

If you are in an enclosed space, for example a cinema, club, pub, resturarant or sporting event, then upon entering look for the exits and make a mental plan as to which one you will head for and stick to that.

If the attack is a chemical one then you will see gas being used and there are a few points to be aware of.

Firstly gas really only works effectively in enclosed spaces and if outside only goes where the wind blows.

If it is chloriene gas it will be green/yellow in colour and as it is heavier than air it will stay close to the ground.

Use any material to cover your mouth and nose if you do not have a mask and for best results urinate on the material then breath through it as urine cancels out the chloriene gas.

What I mean is the reaction of urea and chlorine gas produces dichlorourea, which will crystallize onto the damp material, effectively neutralizing the effects of the chlorine.

What ever action you take leave the area asap and try to leave up wind if possible.

Immediate signs and symptoms of sulfur mustard exposure

Exposure to sulfur mustard usually is not fatal. When sulfur mustard was used during World War I, it killed fewer than 5% of the people who were exposed and got medical care.

People may not know right away that they have been exposed, because sulfur mustard may not have a smell or have a smell that might not cause alarm.

Typically, signs and symptoms do not occur immediately. Depending on the severity of the exposure, symptoms may not occur for up to 24 hours. Some people are more sensitive to sulfur mustard than are other people, and may have signs and symptoms sooner.

Sulfur mustard can have the following effects on specific parts of the body:

Skin: redness and itching of the skin may occur 2 to 48 hours after exposure and may eventually change to yellow blistering of the skin.

Eyes: irritation, pain, swelling, and tearing may occur within 3 to 12 hours of a mild to moderate exposure. A severe exposure may cause signs and symptoms within 1 to 2 hours and may include the symptoms of a mild or moderate exposure plus light sensitivity, severe pain, or blindness lasting up to 10 days.

Respiratory tract: runny nose, sneezing, hoarseness, bloody nose, sinus pain, shortness of breath, and cough within 12 to 24 hours of a mild exposure and within 2 to 4 hours of a severe exposure.

Digestive tract: abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, nausea, and vomiting.

Bone marrow: decreased formation of blood cells (aplastic anemia) or decreased red or white blood cells and platelets (pancytopenia) leading to weakness, bleeding and infections.

Mustard Gas Conclusion

Be aware of a usually colorless gas that smells like mustard, garlic, or onions–but note it doesn’t always have an odor. If you are exposed to mustard gas, you may notice the following symptoms but they may not appear until 2 to 24 hours after exposure:

Redness and itching of skin, eventually changes to yellow blistering

Irritation of eyes; if exposure is severe, there may be light sensitivity, severe pain, or temporary blindness

Irritation of respiratory tract (runny nose, sneezing, hoarseness, bloody nose, sinus pain, shortness of breath, and cough)

However showing these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been exposed to sulfur mustard.

Chlorine Gas Conclusion

Be aware of any yellow-green gas floating around with the strong smell of bleach. Some soldiers in WWI described it as pepper and pineapple. If you are exposed to chlorine gas, you may have trouble breathing or seeing and will feel a burning sensation.

Move quickly into an area with clean air in order to minimize exposure to the gas.

If indoors, exit the building as quickly as possible.

If outdoors, move to the highest ground. Since chlorine gas is more dense than air, it will sink to the ground.

Grab a cotton pad or any fabric and soak it in urine. Hold it up to your nose as a mask. The Canadian military survived the first large-scale chlorine gas attack in WWI by using urine instead of water, under the presumption that the urine crystallizes the gas

Remove all clothing that may have been exposed to the gas, being sure not to let the clothes touch your face or head. Cut the clothes off so that they don’t need to make additional contact with your skin as they’re peeled off. Seal the clothes in plastic bags.

Clean your body thoroughly with a lot of soap and water. Rinse your eyes with water if your vision is blurred or your eyes burn; if you wear contact lenses, throw them away. However, water mixed with Chlorine gas can turn into Hydrochloric acid, so be careful.

I hope this article has helped you understand the possible threat that we now face, and given you some idea of what is best to do.

It is Getting Colder

 

If you
think the record snow falls and cold temperatures in Parts of New
York is just a freak event, than you’re not going to like what I am
about to tell you.

 

According
To NASA Scientist/Climatologist John Casey that is just the beginning
of what is to come during this next 30 yr cycle of Extreme cold which
will be caused by a historic decline in the Suns energy output that
will impact the entire world.

 

If he is
right, than not only will a mass number of the world’s people die
by freezing and starving to death due to the extreme cold killing 50
percent of the world’s Food Supply, but you can also expect super
earthquakes, and more powerful volcanic eruptions across the globe.

 

With
extreme cold fronts thrusting an icy and early winter across the
continental U.S. – along with last winter being one of the
snowiest, coldest, most miserable on record” – climatologist John
L. Casey thinks the weather pattern is here to stay for decades to
come.

 

And unless
the scientific community and political leaders act soon, cold, dark
days are ahead.

 

Casey says
the evidence is clear that the earth is rapidly growing colder
because of diminished solar activity.

 

He says
trends indicate we could be headed for colder temperatures similar to
those seen in the late 1700s and early 1800s when the sun went into a
“solar minimum” – a phenomenon with significantly reduced solar
activity, including solar flares and sunspots.

 

Casey says
“All you have to do is trust natural cycles and follow the facts,
and that leads you to the inevitable conclusion that the sun controls
the climate, and that a new cold era has begun.”

 

“The
data is pretty solid,” Casey says. “If you look at the 100-year
global temperature chart, you look at the steep drop-off we’ve had
since 2007. It’s the steepest drop in global temperatures in the
last hundred years.”

 

I have to
say that my childhood was blessed with hot summers and very cold
snowy winters, and there was no doubt that autumn and spring existed.

 

I remember
the pavements being almost too hot to stand on with bare feet, in
fact there was a saying back then, “The pavements were so hot you
could fry an egg on them”.

 

Then the
winter came it was with loads of snow fall, as kids we used to roll
the snow into giant snow balls perhaps four to five feet high, in
fact I even managed to block the pathway to our house and my dad had
to take an axe to the snowball to break it up.

 

Nature
signalled spring with snow drops and you knew that summer was on the
way.

 

Autumn was
a time of change with the leaves turning and vegetation growing back
and as the temperature dropped we knew winter was around the corner.

 

However
these days the seasons are all rolled into one it seems and nature is
beginning to be affected by this non-seasonable climate.

 

Birds are
hatching when there is no food for them as the berries have been and
gone and we no longer have any snow to speak of.

 

However
things are actually changing and Al Gore the godfather of climate
hysteria is in hiding as another of his wild claims unravels — this
one about global warming causing seas to swallow us up.

 

The
glaciers have not melted in fact they have grown in size and I see
this as an indication of worldwide temperatures dropping, and yes the
planet cooling down.

 

I hear you
ask and what has this got to do with prepping and survival?, That is
a good question and I shall try to answer it.

 

The cold
weather will affect our crops by reducing the growing time and by
killing the bees that pollinate those crops and we will starve to
death.

 

If the
crops are affected then so will the livestock be affected as they
will not have the food they need to grow and we will starve to death.

 

If the
overall year round temperature drops then even more of our elderly
will die each year, last year 25,000 died in the UK due to winter
related diseases.

 

In 2013
the UK wheat crop was own by a third after extreme weather – it was
the wettest autumn since records began, and that was followed by
coldest the spring in 50 years which together devastated the British
wheat crop.

 

This meant
that food manufacturers had to import nearly 2.5m tonnes of the crop
where as normally we export around 2.5m tonnes of wheat .

 

The 2013
harvest was 12m tonnes, one of the smallest in a generation, after
many farmers grubbed up their failing, waterlogged crops and
replanted fields with barley. According to a National Farmers Union
poll of 76 cereal growers covering 16,000 hectares, nearly 30% less
wheat than usual is being grown in Britain this year.

 

I would
suggest that everyone start growing their own as that may be the only
option in the future.

 

 

Preppers will be next

My fellow preppers the times are a changing for real. Governments here
and in the US are planning to curtail our liberties in the name of freedom and
security and that we all know is a total con.

If they were bothered about security then our borders would not be left
open to all and sundry to simply walk across.

 

It they were bothered about freedom then they would not be forcing GM
crops on us, stopping us from growing food or from storing water, they would
not be planning to take our guns away and they would not be snooping on us at
every turn, would they?

 

I have mentioned on previous shows that it is now illegal in New
Zealand and some US states to grow your own food and to sell it or give it away
or to store rain water.

 

I also mentioned in last week’s show that the EU is now planning to
make it illegal to store heirloom seeds or grow anything that is not on their
list.

 

Most of these liberties are openly enjoyed by the general public, but
my friends they are actually aimed at you the prepper and survivalist to
prevent you being able to independently survive.

 

If a new law is passed here in the UK then anyone who criticises Sharia
law or gay marriage could be branded an “extremist” under sweeping new powers
planned by the Conservatives to combat terrorism.

 

Theresa May, the Home Secretary, unveiled plans last month for
so-called Extremism Disruption Orders, which would allow judges to ban people
deemed extremists from broadcasting, protesting in certain places or even
posting messages on Facebook or Twitter without permission.

 

Mrs May outlined the proposal in a speech at the Tory party conference
in which she spoke about the threat from the so-called Islamic State – also
known as Isis and Isil – and the Nigerian Islamist movement Boko Haram.

 

These new orders which will be in the Conservative election manifesto,
would extend to any activities that “justify hatred” against people on the
grounds of religion, sexual orientation, gender or disability.

 

The obvious problem with this is that Leftists and Islamic supremacists
constantly advance the false claim that opposition to jihad terror and Islamic
supremacism is justifying hatred against people, and the Cameron government
clearly endorses this view. So this law will be used to curtail any opposition
to the advance of Sharia in the UK.

 

In the US the
Government is actively seeking those who criticize government, specifically
Barack Obama, and arresting them without charging them. They are remanded to
mental health institutions where they are given “training” on how to view the
world.

 

Remind you of a little book that George Orwell wrote?
It gets worse.
Most of the victims of the government’s kidnapping scheme are veterans.

 

 

In the four years since the start of Operation Vigilant Eagle, the
government has steadily ramped up its campaign to “silence” dissidents,
especially those with military backgrounds.

 

Coupled with the DHS’ dual reports on Right wing and Left wing
“Extremism,” which broadly define extremists as individuals and groups “that
are mainly anti-government, rejecting federal authority in favour of state or
local authority, or rejecting government authority entirely,” these tactics
have boded ill for anyone seen as opposing the government.

 

One particularly troubling mental health label being applied to
veterans and others who challenge the status quo is “oppositional defiance
disorder” (ODD).

 

The ODD denotes that the person exhibits ‘symptoms’ such as the questioning
of
authority, the refusal to follow directions, stubbornness, the unwillingness to go along with
the crowd, and the practice of disobeying or ignoring orders.

 

Persons may also receive such a label if they are considered free
thinkers, nonconformists, or individuals who are suspicious of large,
centralized government… At one time the accepted protocol among mental health
professionals was to reserve the diagnosis of oppositional defiance disorder
for children or adolescents who exhibited uncontrollable defiance toward their
parents and teachers.”

 

The case of 26-year-old decorated Marine Brandon Raub—who was targeted
because of his Facebook posts, interrogated by government agents about his
views on government corruption, arrested with no warning.

 

Labelled mentally ill for subscribing to so-called “conspiratorial” views
about the government, detained against his will in a psych ward for standing by
his views, and isolated from his family, friends and attorneys—is a prime
example of the government’s war on veterans.

 

So how many of you admit that you too have had such thoughts about the
parasites in our elected houses?

 

OK we only have ourselves to blame as we voted for them. But they are
now becoming a deadly enemy as they trample over our laws and constitutions in
a mad race to their NOW.

 

Successive US governments have continuously chipped away at the
provisions of the American Constitution to a point where it in real terms no
longer exists.

 

Here in the UK a former Prime Minister was either black mailed because
of his alleged paedophile activities or openly conned the UK into the vile EU
government that now passes over 70% of our laws.

 

Now is the time to practice OPSEC as if they do not know what we’re
doing then there is less chance of them being able to disrupt our plans.

 

If your laws allow you to open carry or to concealed carry, or as it is
in the UK carry a non-locking pen knife with a 3” or less cutting blade then
you must exercise this right as if you do not it will be removed that I can say
for sure.

 

Surely now you can see that our elected government is following a
pre-planned course of oppression against its very only population and it
therefore now more than ever up to us to secure our own future and the system
has no intention of helping us no matter what happens.
What a Farce
A report reveals how incorrect advice from the Government’s Science and
Technical Advice Cell to Cornwall Council, and a breakdown of communications
with a local team, led to order being given for the wrong village to be
evacuated.
Their eventual advice to Cornwall was severely flawed and wrong, the
report found. They were instructed after the end of the release of nuclear
material that Torpoint should be evacuated and countermeasures deployed,
whereas there had been no such evacuation direction to responders in Plymouth
where the release was occurring.
It noted: Development of the scenario highlighted the need to have a
better aware and trained workforce in Cornwall.
The response at Plymouth council became chaotic after the National
Resilience Extranet, a highly secure government server used to respond to major
emergencies, went off-line, forcing officials to communicate using their
personal email addresses.
Over-enthusiastic staff South Western Ambulance Service triggered
surprise after going beyond the planned exercise and driving a “casualty”
suffering from radioactive contamination to hospital.
There was a problem with the patient handover as there was no forward
bronze [commander] so the local first aiders decided to carry on to Hospital,
which caused confusion because the Hospital was not expecting any patient play
during the exercise, the report said. It added, dryly: “It would not happen
during a real life emergency.”
Senior NHS officials, whose role on the day was “assess on how a
nuclear emergency would impact on health services”, complained they were unable
to fulfil this because “there were no plans to include casualties outside of
the dockyard.”
They added that a broadband connection they had paid for was not
available.
The local fire service complained of a “lamentable” lack of maps and
charts, and said they were kept in the dark over the risk posed by the
radioactive cloud, with the dispatching of fire engines “confused”.
The Met Office was tasked with monitoring the wind speed and direction,
in the hope of tracking where the radioactive plume from the stricken submarine
might float.
However, the forecasters were an hour late arriving after the wrong
names were given to the security list on the door – and when they were given
access to the war-room, many did not understand what they were talking about.
Staff from Devon County Council were left confused by not knowing
“whether the wind was blowing from or to the direction named.”
It became clear during the exercise that not all agencies understood
the conventions used in communicating wind directions. This was also noted in
the media cell – where the term ‘downwind’ was used. There appeared to be a
lack of understanding what this meant in relation to the ‘plume’, the report
said.
Believe it or not a report concluded that the Ministry of Defence,
Whitehall and government scientists tasked with responding to a nuclear
disaster at sea are well-prepared and communicated well. Overall, the Office
for Nuclear Regulation deemed the exercise a success, it said.
Now these officials are planning to use social networking websites
Facebook and Twitter to notify members of the public about an unfolding nuclear
crisis. And if you are not on these sites? Or in fact not even on the internet
at the time, what then?
I have to say that the use of social media is a far cry from the
original four-minute system which was developed during the Cold War, in which
the public would be alerted by air ride sirens, television and radio.
In my opinion the Royal Observer Corps which provided a fallout
monitoring service as well as a basic weather reporting role should never have
been stood down. With the state the world is in today, with so many dilapidated
Nuclear power stations around the world, with the ever present terrorist
nuclear threat I think we have never been so vulnerable.
So there you have it, after decades of having nuclear subs and decades
of training on what if? It has all been a waste of time and money.
Nothing has been learned and there is no cohesion between the emergency
services local government and the public. That my friends is putting our lives
in danger.
My advice to you is prepare, prepare and did I say prepare.

 

Ebola a Threat we Face

Firstly whether not you believe that Ebola is manmade, i.e. a
weaponized virus or a two year old little boy was bitten by a fruit bat, the
fact is that this a deadly virus and in my opinion a great threat to us all.
With that said I still cannot come to terms with western governments
drastically failing to quarantine anyone within the contaminated areas for at
least 21 days “before” being allowed to return to their own countries.
Surely to prevent its spread this should be the very minimum in
precautions taken, but these health workers seem almost selfish in their need
to want to return back home within the gestation period, knowing full well and
fact better than most people that they themselves could cause the deaths of
their family members, friends, colleagues and yes you and me.
So why do they do this? Well I think this are part of the plan to
create a fear culture that will in time accept the need to have anti-virus
injections on masse for their own protection, (and goodness knows what else
will be in the syringe).
The idea of an “extra” ingredient which would weaken your immune system
if another “modified” virus was to be introduced into the mix is not that
far-fetched, is it? Past history clearly shows this.
I would also like to know why “every” medical person who has returned
with Ebola has been “cured” but nearly 8,000 have been taken by Ebola, is there
a cure for those citizens of countries who can afford it?
Why is there no more Zmapp? If it works and clearly it has.
If you think about it, there is evidence that Ebola was manufactured at
Fort Detrick USA. In fact the US holds the “Patent” on Ebola, is this the
smoking gun?
One way this outbreak could have happened I suggested is by trying to
circumvent the Biological Weapons Convention to which the US government is a
party.
Now it appears that the CDC and several others US bio-warriors exported
Zaire/Ebola to West Africa, to their labs there, where they were doing
bio-warfare work on it. So, I believe this is the origins of the Zaire/Ebola
pandemic we are seeing now in West Africa.
So, as always bio-warriors do use offensive and defensive bio-warfare
work, violating the Biological Weapons Convention. So effectively they try to
offshore it into West Africa where Liberia is not a party and Guinea is not a
party. Sierra Leone is a party. But in Sierra Leone and Liberia there were
disturbances which kept the world from really paying attention of what was
going on in these labs.
I am very curious to know why the west are sending soldiers to these
Ebola affected countries instead of medical staff. Cuba has sent qualified
doctors surely doctors are needed more that military units, soldiers are not
trained to stop the spread of virus’s and as I have said there is no quarantine
for them to enforce.
Could it be that these soldiers are in fact an invasion force and are
being used to collect blood samples from the infected for further research? I
don’t know but something does not add up here.
Now it appears that on Wednesday multiple Iraqi media sources reported
that an Ebola outbreak may be underway among ISIS fighters in the Iraqi city of
Mosul.
Three media outlets, both Iraqi and Kurdish have reported suspicious
infections although there has been no World Health Organization confirmation.
Faced with the terrorist occupation, verification of the outbreak is
difficult for outside agencies and much of the domestic medical professionals
have fallen victim to the primitive murderers.
WHO director of communications, Christy Feig, said “We have no official
notification from [the Iraqi government] that it is Ebola”.
She added that the WHO is attempting to offer assistance to the Iraqi
government in the investigation of the possible outbreak.
The Kurdish media outlet Xendan reported that the symptoms of the
infected persons are consistent with those of Ebola but it remains unknown
whether or not the capability for testing exists under the current terrorist
invasion.
The official pro-government newspaper al Sabaah cited an unnamed source
inside a Mosul hospital as confirming that the disease was brought in by
terrorists who originated in “several countries” and Africa.
He added, “In this context, the lack of medical infrastructure, supplies
and practitioners in the city suggests that the outbreak could quickly lead to
further infection of both ISIS fighters and residents of Mosul.”
It would be a simple matter, if an outbreak were to occur, for infected
terrorists to make their way to the United States or other Western
nations, particularly if they hold Western passports or by crossing our
wide-open southern border.
So my fellow preppers it is not over and we may have yet to deal with
Ebola on our terms and it will be up to us to prepare as our governments will
not help us, we can see that be the lack of quarantine in these infected areas
and also by our open borders over which threats are allowed to pass.

 

Fukushima and the threat we still face

The Fukushima nuclear disaster isn’t over, the radioactive waste is still leaking, and it isn’t just a Japanese problem.

I remember exactly where I was when news of the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami broke in the UK. Sitting on the edge of my settee, I watched in horror as it became obvious that the nuclear power plant at Fukushima had been seriously affected.

 

The fact that someone thought it was a good idea to build a nuclear power plant on the coast, in an area known to see frequent earthquakes and tsunamis is mind boggling, but it’s nothing compared to what happened immediately after the meltdown.
Within days, so-called “nuclear experts” were reassuring the rest of the world, that while Japan was screwed, we had nothing to fear.
Well, fast forward a year or two, and Fukushima is still a nuclear disaster. Just days ago, the Japanese government declared a state of emergency, this time because of a build-up of radioactive groundwater near the plant.
In July, Tepco (the energy company that operates the Fukushima plant) admitted for the first time that radioactive groundwater had breached an underground barrier and been leaking into the sea, but said it was taking steps to prevent it.
The head of a Nuclear Regulatory Authority task force, Shinji Kinjo, recently told the Reuters news agency that the countermeasures were only a temporary solution, however, and groundwater contamination was imminent.
So let’s pause here for a note about water: There is only one ocean.
All the rivers, streams, and aquifers of the world are replenished by rain evaporated from that same ocean. It is complete foolishness to talk about this in terms of ‘Japan’s water’ or ‘American water’. It’s our water.
And thanks to the Fukushima nuclear disaster, it’s all contaminated with toxic levels of radiation. That’s what makes this next bit particularly disturbing.
While the government has deemed some areas safe enough for part-time access, locals and activists say conflicting science and official secrecy surrounding the worst nuclear accident since Chernobyl have bankrupted public trust.
On Wednesday, just weeks after beaches south of the reactor were reopened, plant officials admitted that up to 300 tons of contaminated water are flowing into the sea each day.
The good news is this is less than what was flowing into the ocean immediately after the disaster.
The bad news is, since its mostly groundwater, the type of radiation now making its way into our ocean poses even more risk to human and animal life.
Soil can naturally absorb the cesium in groundwater, but other radionuclides, such as strontium and tritium, flow more freely through the soil into the ocean.
Tritium represents the lowest radioactive threat to ocean life and humans compared with cesium and strontium by comparison, strontium poses a greater danger because it replaces the calcium in bones and stays for much longer in the body.
From my point of view the question has to be, is it safe to eat Pacific Tuna and other seafood from that region?
While it’s natural and appropriate to be concerned about radiation, in this case the concern is unfounded I feel.
A recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences evaluated the health risks of consuming Pacific Bluefin tuna after the Fukushima event and found the following:
A typical restaurant-sized portion of Pacific Bluefin tuna (200 grams, or 7 ounces) contains about 5% of the radiation you would get from eating one uncontaminated banana and absorbing its naturally occurring radiation.
All foods on the planet contain radiation. Like every other toxin, it’s the dose of radiation (rather than its simple presence) that determines whether it’s toxic to humans.
Levels of naturally occurring radioactive isotopes (polonium-210 and potassium-40) in Bluefin tuna are greater by orders of magnitude than levels of radioactive isotopes from Fukushima contamination (cesium-134 and cesium-137).
In fact, levels of polonium-210 were 600 times higher than cesium. This suggests that the additional radiation (in the form of cesium) from Fukushima is insignificant from a health perspective.
Even at very high intakes (3/4 of a pound of contaminated Bluefin tuna a day) for an entire year, you’d still receive only 12% of the dose of radiation you’re exposed to during one cross-country flight from LA to New York.
Assuming the very high levels of fish consumption above, the excess relative risk of fatal cancer would be only 2 additional cases per 10 million similarly exposed people.
And there’s reason to believe that number is no more than chance. Statistically significant elevations in cancer risk are only observed at doses of radiation that are 25,000 times higher than what you’d be exposed to by eating 3/4 of a pound of Bluefin tuna per day.
Some bottom-feeding fish right off the coast of Japan contain much higher levels of radiation (i.e. >250 times more cesium) than those found in Pacific Bluefin tuna.
Even if you consumed 1/3 of a pound per day of this highly contaminated fish, you’d still be below the international dose limit for radiation exposure from food.
Finally, according to Dr. Robert Emery at the University Of Texas Health Science Centre at Houston says you’d need to eat 2.5 to 4 tons of tuna in a year to get a dose of cesium-137 that exceeds health limits. That’s 14 to 22 pounds of tuna a day.

Fukushima proved that we are not safe from nuclear disasters. It leaked radiation into the environment – the air, the ground, and the ocean waters – and this impacts our health across the world.

 

Recent samples taken off the coast of Fukushima found fish there were “124 times deadlier than the threshold considered safe for human consumption.”
As ocean waters move the toxins, scientists expect repercussions to the Pacific Coast and beyond
A study published in the International Journal of Health Services found that thousands of Americans have already been affected by radiation drifting to their shores from Fukushima.
Despite what I have said Nuclear energy isn’t safe, it won’t ever be safe, and what happened at Fukushima is just another reason to get out of the dirty energy game for good.
I have sent an email to the major UK supermarkets asking were their tuna comes from, when I receive their reply I will tell you and then you can make your own informed choice.

 

Solar Storms 2013

Scientists at NASA have been warning for some time of the
dangers of space weather affecting the earth, and particularly the danger of
solar storms.
With the sun due to reach the top of both its 22-year magnetic
energy cycle and 11-year Sunspot cycle in 2013, there’s real danger of magnetic
energy damaging electronic equipment.
“We know it is coming but we don’t know how bad it is
going to be”, Dr Richard Fisher, the director of Nasa’s Heliophysics
division, told the Daily Telegraph, adding that preparations were similar to
those in a hurricane season, where authorities knew a problem was imminent but
did not know how serious it would be.
The 11-year solar cycle is only an average, and sometimes
lasts 9, or sometimes lasts 13 years. 
The last time it peaked, in 1859, it
wasn’t such an issue because the earth wasn’t anywhere near as technologically
developed. This time, however, with a mobile phone in every pocket and a PC in
every home, the damage could be rather more severe.
So what can be done
to survive the effects of a solar storm
Buy a Faraday cage
A Faraday cage is an enclosure of conducting material that
blocks out external static electric fields. If the conductor is thick enough,
and the holes are smaller than the incoming electromagnetic radiation’s
wavelength, then that radiation won’t be able to pass through.
This is the
reason why phones don’t work in some buildings and lifts, why microwaves don’t
cook you, and is why some shoplifters line their pockets or bags with tinfoil
to confound RFID detectors.
So make or buy yourself a Faraday cage, and if you’ve got a
computer or external hard drive you just can’t be without, then keep it inside.
The only problem, though, is that you can’t plug it in.
Any wire that runs from
the outside to the inside can be used as an aerial, and transmit the very
electromagnetic radiation that you’re trying to avoid. So keep things unplugged
unless you absolutely need them.
Stuff all your cash
under your mattress
Almost all modern banking is conducted electronically. While
every bank has vaults full of ingots and other valuables, your cash actually
exists in a database, albeit one that’s backed up in multiple locations across
the world, so that a disaster that’s confined to a local area can’t cause too
many problems that won’t be resolved by a swift restoration of a backup.
However, that policy doesn’t work for global events. If that
database, along with all its backups, gets wiped by a particularly nasty solar
flare, then so does your money.
Get it out of the bank, and in a safer, more
physical, place instead. Bury it in the garden, hide it in your roof, or stuff
it under the mattress. Just get it out of that database.
Get yourself a
generator
The power grids of northern Europe, especially Britain, are
particularly flaky. A well-aimed and timed flare could easily knock out power
to large areas of Britain for days, and potentially even large areas of the
whole world for months, depending on the damage.
An 1989 storm, which was
rather less powerful than the 2013 event is likely to be, knocked out the
Hydro-Québec power grid, sent satellites spinning out of control and halted all
trading on Toronto’s stock market.
So grab yourself a petrol-powered generator, and stockpile
some fuel for it. Alternately, hook up a bicycle to a dynamo and a battery.
Either way, you’re going to need to be able to still make heat and light in the
event of the power being shut off for months at a time.
Don’t plan any
holidays
Far more likely than getting stuck at home without power is
the risk of getting stuck in a foreign country unable to travel home.
While the
inside of an aeroplane is essentially a Faraday cage, severe deviations in the
Earth’s magnetic field would cause haywire in an aircraft’s navigation systems,
making it difficult or impossible for planes to get where they’re going.
You thought the ash cloud was bad? The magnetic storm could
prove far, far more disruptive for airlines.
Walk everywhere
Similarly, an electrical shutdown could come at any time
without warning, meaning that travelling in a large, fast vehicle is a risk
that you just don’t want to be taking when traffic lights stop working, street
lights go out, and you’re on board computer fails.
Far safer is to just buy yourself a comfortable pair of
boots and get used to walking everywhere, ideally not too close to the edges of
roads. Even if the electrical apocalypse never arrives, you’ll be fitter and
know your city better than ever before.
Look up
Lastly, any strong geomagnetic storm will come with
extraordinarily intense aurorae. This won’t be just visible at the poles —
during the 1989 storm, the aurora borealis was seen as far south as Texas, and
the auroras of 1859 are thought to be perhaps the most spectacular ever
witnessed throughout recent recorded history.
Such a display could also prove useful as a warning of
incoming magnetic disruption.
So be sure that you’ve got a camera — not a
digital one, obviously, pointed at the sky so that you can show your kids how
you lived through the great geomagnetic storm of 2013.

What Does the Bible say?

Does the Bible say anything about the current wave of
doomsday predictions centring on December 2012?
Many people believe that the ancient Mayan calendar
mysteriously ends at the winter solstice in the year 2012. Is this a sign that
the Mayans knew that Dec. 21, 2012, is the end of human history?
The History
Channel, Newsweek magazine, major movie studios, booksellers and dozens of Web
sites are fanning the 2012 craze.
Movie trailers for the science fiction disaster film 2012
have added to the hype, showing entire cities devastated by enormous tsunamis
and earthquakes, meteors raining down fiery death from heaven and human history
coming to a violent end.
According to Wikipedia, “The studio also launched a
viral marketing website operated by the fictional Institute for Human
Continuity, where filmgoers could register for a lottery number to be part of a
small population that would be rescued from the global destruction.”
Other 2012 scenarios picture a wonderful change in human
consciousness and the ushering in of a New Age. John Major Jenkins, author of
Maya Cosmogenesis, describes the coming New Age this way: “Around the year
we call 2012 a large chapter in human history will be coming to an end.
All the
values and assumptions of the previous World Age will expire, and a new phase
of human growth will commence.”
All the hype about 2012 is based on a mixture of speculation
about Mayan calendars, the book The Bible Code, some ancient Oriental
prophesies, supposed writings of Nostradamus and a little of the biblical book
of Revelation.
But does the Bible say anything about 2012 being the end of
human history?
In Matthew 24:3, Jesus was asked about the sign of His
coming and the end of this age. 
He gave prophecies of many events to happen
before His return. He said there would be religious deception, wars and rumors
of wars, famines, disease epidemics and earthquakes, all leading to a time of
Great Tribulation when mankind would be on the verge of destroying all life on
the earth if the time wasn’t cut short (verses 21 and 22).
Then Jesus
prophesied there would be heavenly signs, and He would return with power and
great glory (verses 29-30).
While Jesus gave His disciples signs to watch for that
indicated His return, He stated clearly that no one knows the exact date except
His Father.
In Mark 13:32 we read, “But of that day and hour no one knows,
not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.”
Matthew’s account puts it this way, “Watch therefore, for you know neither
the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming” (Matthew 25:13).
The Bible does not tell us the date Jesus Christ will return
to save humanity from destroying ourselves.
But it does promise that Christ
will return and set up a government that will bring peace and prosperity to
this earth. In the meantime God doesn’t ask us to explore the intricacies of
ancient Mayan calendars.
He warns of rampant deception and tells us not to be
fooled by those who claim secret knowledge of His return (Matthew 24:4, 23-26).
What are we to do? The purpose of the biblical prophecies
and warning signs is to remind us of our need to always be growing closer to
God and to be spiritually ready.
We need to be preparing spiritually for
Christ’s return and the end of this world now, in 2012 and every year.
“Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is
coming at an hour you do not expect” (Matthew 24:44).
ON the Other Hand
December 03, 2012 8- RUSSIA – A chilling report written by
newly appointed Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu circulating in the Kremlin today
states that the permanent deployment of the 200th Motorized Infantry Brigade by
the Northern Fleet to the border of Norway last week is meant to insure that
Russia is able to “seize and control” the Svalbard Global Seed Vault located on
the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen near the town of Longyearbyen in the remote
Arctic Svalbard archipelago in the event our world faces a “global apocalypse.”
According to one Western news source reporting on this
unprecedented deployment of Russian military forces: “The 200th Motorized
Infantry Brigade includes not only infantry units, but also coastal missile
defence and artillery forces, air-mobile infantry, and light armour units.
The Northern Fleet’s naval infantry forces will also be placed
under the 200th’s tactical command giving it an amphibious assault capability.
This last aspect is indicative that the general mission of the 200th is
expeditionary warfare; projecting military power over border frontiers and
across bodies of water behind border frontiers or on nearby islands.”
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is an attempt to provide
insurance against the loss of seeds in what are called genebanks, as well as
provide a refuge for seeds in the case of large-scale regional or global crises.
The seed vault is managed under terms spelled out in a
tripartite agreement between the Norwegian government, the Global Crop
Diversity Trust (GCDT) and the Nordic Genetic Resource Centre (NordGen).
Interesting to note is that Defence Minister Shoigu’s report
seemingly conflicts with statements made this past week by chief Health
Ministry official Gennady Onishenko, who warned that those who publicize about
the 21 December Mayan apocalypse, that our world may be coming to an end on
that date, would end up in court.
Doomsday Seed Vault.
Minister Onishenko’s stern warning came in response to the
growing hysteria sweeping Russia regarding this event, a sentiment that was,
also, echoed last week by the United States National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA), who warned that 2012 Mayan apocalypse rumours “pose a
real-life threat to frightened children and depressive teenagers.”
NASA’s warning, it appears, comes at time that has seen
suicides become the leading cause of injury-related deaths in the US surpassing
those of auto accidents, according recent studies published by the American
Journal of Public Health, and which fears of such an apocalyptic event
happening would be sure to increase in already unsteady minds.
Important to note about official Russian reactions/thoughts
to the 21 December apocalypse date are that they are not centred around the Mayan calendar, but are, instead, focused
solely on what is called “chaos theory.”
Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics, with
applications in several disciplines including physics, engineering, economics,
biology, and philosophy. Chaos theory studies the behaviour of dynamical
systems that are highly sensitive to initial conditions, an effect which is
popularly referred to as the butterfly effect.
American mathematician and chaos theory expert Ralph
Abraham, PhD, has been exceptionally influential among Russia’s intellectually
and scientifically elite, but even more so has been Abraham’s late protégé
Terence McKenna (1946-2000) who developed a highly controversial computer
program which purportedly produces a waveform known as “Time wave Zero.”
The Time wave Zero theory was developed by McKenna as a
replacement for science’s notion of time as a featureless and smooth surface.
The idea of Time wave Zero theory is that time actually has a structure, a
topology; it can be described in somewhat the same way that a stock market can
be described.
Time is actually a series of risings and falling
fluctuations of “novelty” (defined as increase over time in the universe’s
interconnectedness or organized complexity).
According to McKenna, the universe
has a teleological attractor at the end of time that increases
interconnectedness (another word he often used to describe “novelty”),
eventually reaching a singularity of infinite complexity in 2012, at which
point anything and everything imaginable will occur simultaneously.
McKenna’s Time wave Zero waveform, when placed over a
timeline of human history, appears to show great periods of novelty corresponding
with major shifts in humanity’s biology and sociocultural evolution: the life
of Jesus, both World Wars.
Perhaps the most controversial aspect of the Time wave Zero
program is that, in McKenna’s interpretation, the wave ends on a very specific
date: 21 December 2012 – the same date the Mayan long-count calendar ends.
Interesting to note about McKenna’s research was that in the
weeks prior to a major examination of his theories by Russian experts, a
“mysterious” fire destroyed his entire life’s work and research on 7 February
2007. Russian intelligence services have, also, noted that this date could be
when our world is about to experience a “technological singularity,” which is
seen as an intellectual “event horizon,” beyond which events cannot be predicted
or understood.
Getting Started
In this article I will be talking about food and water needs
in your Bug Out Bag as well as other items everyone should have handy for
bugging out.
Everyone knows food and water are two essentials that you
need to survive. However, if you are truly packing a 72 hour Bug Out Bag, skip
the “food” and opt for high value cereal bars.
This will allow you to save some room in your bag while
still maintaining nutritional value. In regards to water, I would suggest
carrying at a minimum 3 bottles for each day, each bottle being a minimum of
8oz.
Depending upon your geographic location, your health status
and the type of emergency you encounter, this may need to change. To allow this
flexibility, I pack the minimum amount stated above in my bag and store
additional water with the bag. If I feel that the situation warrants it, I will
grab the extra water on my way out.
Better still buy a Purificup which will allow you to purify
water on the move.

 

 

Now is where the real
work begins.
When an event occurs, or before an event sometimes, you will
be forced to decide whether you are bugging in or bugging out. No matter what
your decision, you will need to have plans in place to successfully weather the
storm.
Bugging In –
If you decide to Bug In you will need to have enough
supplies on hand for yourself and anyone bugging in with you. If you have small
children, elderly family members or pets, you will need to consider their needs
as well.
General concerns should be: food, water, sanitation, medical
supplies, first aid and protection. Also consider a deck of cards or some other
small game to help pass the time.
Bugging Out –
Bugging out is altogether different. If you are not bugging
out in a vehicle, you will need to work your pack to a weight that is
comfortable for you to carry to potentially be able to move quickly and
quietly.
If you are bugging out on foot, consider dropping a little
of the food weight in order to carry more water. The bug out bag is meant to
only support you for about 72 hours, so get to your destination as quickly as
possible.
You will need to develop routes for your bug out plan that
will steer you towards your objective without placing yourself in danger from
other people or the elements any more than is necessary.
Ensure that you understand the topography of your routes,
including elevation changes. Bugging Out in a major rainstorm would be rough if
your route took you through low-lying areas, for example.
If your destination is further than three hours away (by
whatever travel method you have in place) from your home, consider a layover
location between the two sites. This should be some type of facility where you
can secure and store equipment, as well as supplies, that you can access 24/7.
If possible, store a cot or sleeping bag in case you need to
lay low or rest for a while. Failing to do this could result in being overly
tired and committing errors in your judgment that could cost you dearly.
In regards to the placement of your PSS (Primary Shelter
Site) location, I highly suggest that the site be no more than 3 days walk, or
half a tank of fuel in your primary vehicle.
Your PSS does not have to be a bunker in the woods. You may
be planning to go to a family member’s home away from the city, a vacation home
or a campground you like to visit.
Your PSS is simply a place other than your residence that you
can go to in case of any emergency.
So let’s review our two days of work and look at where we
will need to go on Day 3;
In your Bug Out Bag (BoB)
Torch with Batteries
Cash (I try to keep £100 in there)
Copies of important papers (Insurance, Medical cards, etc)
Water (6-12 bottles)
Fire-starting materials
First Aid Kit
Duct Tape
Knife
Food / cereal Bars
At this point you should also have a designated location
that you plan to Bug Out to, known as your PSS (Primary Shelter Site).
You should consider developing multiple routes, at least 2
or 3, to get from your common locations (work, home, school) to your PSS.
Ensure these routes avoid locations that would become overly
congested in an emergency situation or take you through areas prone to
flooding.
Aside from your PSS, you should have determined your need
for a layover location in between there and your residence.
It may take several days, weeks, or even months to get these
plans and items in order. Take your time and make wise decisions that will not
impede your everyday life. Prepping can consume great amounts of time, effort
and financial resources.
Trying to move too quickly will only make it harder to
complete your prep.
So “Day 2” of your prep is now complete and if
something were to happen today, you would have a source of supplies readily
available, a safe place to go to and several routes to get you there. Congrats!
You are on your way!
Bugging out-Minimum
Impact Fires
A fire means heat, light, and life. To many people, a
campsite with no fire is just not camping. A campfire means self-sufficiency,
survival, and comfort. Our view of campfires is built on centuries of tradition
and historic need. Fortunately, there are many places to camp where a fire is
completely appropriate, safe, and welcome.
The ability to enjoy an outdoor adventure with alternate
heat and light sources greatly expands your opportunities and allows a more
self-sufficient experience. The development of lightweight, very efficient camp
stoves has eliminated the real need for a fire in most circumstances so it is
now a choice to use a fire or a stove.
Why Have a Fire?
A fire warms you on a cold camping trip, but there are much
better ways to stay warm. Bringing appropriate clothing and having healthy food
means less need for fire. Campfire heat is useful for drying clothing and
warming water to put in a bottle in your sleeping bag to make it more
comfortable.
Cooking – whether it is boiling water or cooking meat, a
fire is used to prepare food for consumption.
Entertainment – watching the flames is relaxing and telling
stories around a fire is a great way to complete a strenuous day in the woods.
On any outdoor adventure, a source of heat for emergencies
is required. You should always be prepared to start a fire in a survival situation.
But, a backpacking stove is a great alternate source of heat from the campfire.
Stoves have many benefits over fires:
Stoves have nearly instant, ready-to-cook heat. No waiting
for the fire. They also extinguish immediately.
Stoves have no smoke and leave no ash or partially-burned
wood. They do not create soot on pots.
They are Safe – the risk of wildfire is nearly eliminated
with stoves.
They are consistent – stoves work at nearly any elevation,
temperature.
Before heading out on a wilderness adventure, it is a good
idea to decide whether campfires or stoves will be used for each day of the
trip.
It may be decided to have campfires some days and stoves on
others. Some things to consider when making the decision include:
Fire Danger – what will the wind conditions, humidity, and
vegetation dryness be like for the location and season?
Fire Restrictions – contact the local land managers to find
out what types of fires are allowed in the area.
In some moorland areas in the North Yorkshire Dales National Park fire lighting is banned during dry spells.
Fuel Availability – is there adequate fuel so fires will not
deplete or impact the resource?
Group Skills – is everyone in the group able to safely build
and tend fires?
Menu – will the food the group takes cook better over a
stove or fire
Leave No Trace
Campfires
Once the decision is made to have a fire, the expertise of
minimizing its impact comes into play. There will be an impact to the area from
any fire, but there are many ways to reduce and disguise the impact.
Use existing fire rings – in an established campsite, use
the fire ring
If there is no fire ring, do not make one. Instead, build a
mound fire.
Build small fires – create a fire just large enough to cook
the food. Feed it fuel as needed.
Burn all wood to ash – stop adding fuel to the fire well
before bed-time or departure time so it has time to burn itself out. This
prevents having chunks of partially burned wood to disperse.
Gather firewood
carefully:
Use wood that is down. Leave limbs on standing trees, even
if they are dead limbs.
Use wood that is smaller around than an adult’s wrist. It
should be broken by hand – no saws or axes are needed.
Leave larger logs and limbs for habitat and to decompose
into the soil.
Take a hike out away from camp to gather wood. Leave
close-in wood so it can decompose into the soil. Or to be used by you in a
medical emergency for example.
Clean up after the
fire:
Scatter unused wood as naturally as possible.
Push unburned ends of wood into the fire as it burns down so
it is all consumed.
When the coals have burned to ash, soak well with water and
make sure it is completely out. Use water rather than dirt to put out the fire.
Collect the cold ash and scatter it over a large area well
away from the camp site.
Fires built on the ground overheat the organic soil and kill
the creepy crawlies living in it. It may take a very long time for anything to
grow in the spot where a fire was built. An established fire ring is a
sacrificed spot in which fires are accepted to prevent destruction of other
areas.
In the absence of fire rings, rather than creating a fire
directly on the ground, it is better to insulate the organic soil from the heat
of your fire by using a camp stove, fire pan, or mound fire.
Fire Pans
A collapsible fire pan is a good way to have a campfire and
greatly reduce its impact. A metal pan with 3-inch sides perched on 4 or 5
stones allows a fire without scorching the soil underneath. Follow all Leave No
Trace campfire guidelines listed above.
Mound fire Mound
Fires
Another way to insulate soil is to cover it with a few
inches of mineral soil and build a fire on that. Mineral soil is found
underneath the top layer of rich, darker, organic soil. Mineral soil, sand, or
gravel do not have the thriving life in them that organic soil has so a fire on
that material is ok.
To create a mound
fire, follow these steps:
With a small shovel or trowel, gather sand or mineral soil
into a bag. Good places to look are the root ball of a blown-down tree or a dry
riverbed. The bag can be a stuff sack turned inside out to keep the inside
clean.
Lay a ground cloth on the spot where the fire will be built.
This makes clean up easier. Some sparks will land on the cloth and it will be
worn and dirty from the ground so use something sturdy and expendable.
Pour the sand onto the ground cloth. Flatten the top of the
pile so the mound is at least 4 inches thick and bigger around than what the
fire will be.
Use the Leave No Trace campfire guidelines I have mentioned
After cleaning up the campfire, return the soil to its
original location and clean away and spills at the fire site.
If in a group:
Prepare the group’s expectations so they are aware of what
fires will be used.
Practice with the stoves being used so everyone is competent
in their use.
Take advantage of weather information for last minute
planning.
Take along a few candles. Use these in place of a campfire
in your evening meeting place.
The stars and darkness are a fun change from a campfire and
storytelling can be more exciting.
Minimizing Campfire Impact is Important because:
Fires are potentially the most dangerous and expensive
impact we might do and if bugging out their existence allows others to track
and follow us from A to b.

 

How to get Started
Lately I’ve been considering the plight of people who are
new to preparedness. How overwhelming this all must be for them.
Even for those of us who have been prepping for years it can
still be overwhelming and intimidating. I imagine that for people that are new
the task ahead must look like Mount Everest.
Most people begin to plan for specific problems or
vulnerabilities and go from there. There’s nothing inherently wrong with this
approach, and I believe that looking at specific scenarios is a key part of
being prepared for whatever may come this way.
It’s perfectly normal and common to start this way. Most of
the time you start thinking about the scenario that first got you started on
the preparedness path. It’s ok, and normal, and not wrong. Trust me!
But today I want to advocate an approach that is a bit
different than that.  This approach is a
bit less overwhelming and it is more practical than war-gaming individual
disaster scenarios.
Ignore Specific
Scenarios
For Beginners the first thing you need to do is ignore
specific scenarios. Yes, this means that I don’t want you thinking about EMP,
tornadoes, pandemics, or even the zombie apocalypse.
The reason why I want you to do this is because any time you
look at a specific scenario in depth, you end up focusing on specific details
and you end up rat-holing and losing sight of the big picture.
You end up
spending a ton of time with no concrete results that you can actually do
something about.
In case the term isn’t something you’ve heard before,
“rat-holing” is a term used to describe a conversation or process that has
deviated from its original productive purpose into a generally unproductive but
long and winding detour that eventually comes to a dead end.
The original discussion purpose may be to agree on a course
of action. However, if one or more people rat-hole into a specific point of the
discussion then the discussion stalls with no actionable outcome.
Figure Out What’s
Important
The first thing I want you to do is to figure out what is
important to your life. Most of the time the basics are clear: food, water,
your health, shelter, and power.
Grab a sheet of paper and write it down. Think about what
else is important to your life, and go into a bit more detail than I went into
here.
Find Your
Dependencies
Now for each of these things you’ve written down, figure out
what you’re dependent upon for those needs. For example you’re probably
dependent upon the power company for electricity, and you most likely get most
of your food from the supermarket.
Do this for each item you’ve written down, and now you
should have a list of needs and what you are
dependent upon for those needs.
Contingency Planning
For Beginners Now it’s time to do the fun stuff. You need to
put contingency plans in place for each of these dependencies. But not just
anything. I want you to start small, and work your way up.
What you’re planning for is for the disruption in the normal
availability of those dependencies. To use the electricity example again, this
is you planning for a power cut.
Like I said, you want to start small here, and expand your
contingency plans. Start planning for a three day disruption, then a week. then
two weeks, a month, three months, and six months. Go all the way out to a year
if you want.
Once you hit two weeks, if you feel more comfortable with
different time frames after that, go for it. I’m giving you a guideline, but
it’s definitely not some sort of hard and fast rule.
Take as much time as you want. This doesn’t have to happen
tonight, or tomorrow. Go at your own pace, and don’t feel like it’s a race. But
don’t stall out. Make progress on a consistent basis.
Why This Works
This works because all any disaster is, when you get down to
it, is a removal of your support structure and dependencies for a certain
amount of time.   
Whether it’s a power cut
for a few hours or a job loss that lasts a few months.
By preparing for those dependencies to be unavailable,
you’re actually preparing for just about any disaster scenario.  You can dig into specific scenarios once
you’ve got the basics accounted for, but by and large just having your main
dependencies covered will get you through just about anything.
As with anything in life, though, action is what gets things
done. You have to actually work on your preparedness plans, not just put them
together.  You have to take action to put
those contingencies in place.  They won’t
show up on their own.
Wrapping Up
Prepping For Beginners Remember…preparedness planning is
very personal, and it’s not about planning for the latest and greatest
disaster. It’s about structuring your life in a way that you are not completely
up a creek without a paddle if the power goes out or you can’t get to the
supermarket.
This will give you a sense of peace and confidence that you
are able to take care of yourself and your family. When your dependencies give
out for whatever reason, you’ll have a sense of security that comes from
knowing that you’ll be ok, and you have time to figure out what comes next.

 

A New Year
Remember, it is a
New Year and time to check your kit and make sure it is as it should be.
Have you replaced any items you used last year if not, then
make a list of the missing items and plan to replace them.
Have you rotated any food stuffs like cereal bars or hot
drink sachets just so you know that what is in your kit is within date and
ready for when it is needed, some of you might have bug-out-bags that have not
been checked for many years.
Replace torch batteries with new ones; make sure the
existing batteries have not leaked inside your torch or radio.
Sharpen all your blades just to make sure.
Check all containers for leakage
Then repack and seal.

NASA Warns of 2013 Space Disaster

The premise is something straight out of a science fiction
film.
A massive solar storm hurtles
toward Earth with only a select few scientists aware that what it holds in
store for the world could devastate it.
This story is a grim reminder that we must be aware not only
of the events on our own planet, but the universe around us as well.  And the target of this cosmic
conspiracy?
The unprotected power grid
of Earth.  This is an energy crisis we
can all agree affects us deeply.
Imagine suddenly as you’re at home the lights flicker and
turn off.  You wait for a day with no
word on what the cause is.  As the days
turn into weeks you realize it’s not just your area, but the whole world that
doesn’t have power.
And that isn’t the worst of it.  Even as your neighbour’s start up a generator
and try to turn on their computers they realize the internal circuits have been
fried completely.  All electronic data is
likewise lost.  You have only yourself
now to navigate through the collapse as civilization as we know it grinds to a
halt and a new world emerges.   
As the
tensions build, chaos threatens to erupt.
A recent interview between reporters at the UK based Daily
Telegraph and NASA scientist Dr. Richard Fisher discovered that the mysterious
forces of the sun were expected to awaken in a way unseen by our
technologically dependent world.
And history does show some precedent to this disaster.  In 1859 an event hit the Earth that disrupted
the telegraphy systems and destroyed many peoples’ ability to communicate long
distances.
Of course the telegraph was one of the few systems actually
disrupted by this tide of cosmic energy and there were very few other aspects
of life that were truly affected.
But if it were to hit today’s world of The Internet, cell phones,
cars, planes, and nuclear weapons, the effects could be far more dire.
Of course if the event is small, it will not
be a major catastrophe and we may not even notice it taking place.
But if it is large, the possibilities for
disaster are endless.
There are some ways to protect electronic equipment from
this magnetic energy, as with faraday cages, which are designed to channel the
energy around its contents and protect a small device inside.
But without a means of getting power to the system, it’s
difficult to determine how effective this would be.  There are many possibilities for things to go
wrong in the event of this solar storm in 2013, but there are also many
possibilities for it to go right as well.
Perhaps a civilization that could come out of this disaster
would learn to depend less on technology and learn to integrate it into their
lives so that they are living with their devices, and not for them.
Once a solar storm hits, it is estimated to
not come again for some time, but future generations would have to deal with it
as well.
After 21.12.12 What are Threats to Human Survival
Humans are just so into themselves, attending to daily
struggles, and meeting basic needs.
The result: the big picture becomes far
removed from what seems important.
But if a global threat looms, smaller
spheres of personal activity are of little consequence.
It really does not matter how neat your room is if the house
is being engulfed by a raging fire! So, what kinds of fires are out there ready
to work their way to our personal space?
On a global scale, there was probably no threat to humanity
as a whole until less than a century ago. The first inkling, perhaps, came in
1917–not with World War I, but with the outbreak of a particularly virulent
strain of influenza, which killed more people during the course of the war
(about 30 million) than the combat and bombing did.
War, at that time, probably could not have threatened the
whole human future. For war to threaten a territory requires a massive
mobilization of equipment, and many parts of the world remained untouched.
For the flu, all it took was for a single person to arrive
on foot, coughing.
A second global threat came a quarter-century later, with
the development of a capability for intercontinental nuclear war.
A third was
the thinning of the ozone layer and the resulting increase in UV radiation. A
fourth was the capability for biological warfare–first called “germ”
warfare, but later renamed to include viruses and other forms of biological
destruction
The inhabitants on Earth throughout human history were
insulated from threats that today blossom to global proportions. 
The Earth was
once spacious, expansive, seemingly with infinite resources with humanity
thinly spread over the globe. But this is no longer the case! Now we are a
close knit global community!
Personally, it’s easier to relate to getting the flu than
being affected by nuclear war, UV exposure due to ozone depletion, or bio
warfare.
After all, we’ve all been laid up by influenza, but few humans have
experience with a nuclear blast or germ warfare agents. Might this perspective
change soon? Terrorism now threatens to reach us al one way or the other!
Certainly, before 9/11 there were no such global threats as now.
The nuclear arms threat galvanized the world for decades,
but then it too was largely forgotten with the end of the 
Superpower arms race. 
But it may quietly have grown rather than receded, as France, Iraq, Pakistan,
and India have taken turns showing off their weapons.
And the nuclear threat, like the long forgotten flu of 1917,
has only mutated into a different form–a part of the underworld economy that
could pose a more insidious danger than the old one.
The bio warfare threat,
too, was prematurely forgotten, and only in the last few years have officials
awakened to its implications.
The message here is that former threats only appear to go
away. Looking again reveals another reality; the threats have changed form to
be even more ominous than previously thought.
When the US and Soviets aimed
their nuclear weapons at one another there was the deterrent of mutual
destruction. That scenario is now replaced by weapons in the hands of smaller
states or even terror groups that respect neither border nor any country.  
They
do not look at use of nuclear weapons the same way as the Superpowers once did.
The notion of gaining an advantage over an adversary by use
of such weapons is the reality of today. The rules and perceptions changed and
the Superpowers’ ‘checks and balances’ are no longer in effect.
The follow-on lesson is even more important, the threats
change so quickly as to catch us off guard. Only by thinking about the
potential for what’s out there can one anticipate the complexity and full
extent of the threats before us today.
Now, more than in any previous era of
human existence we are faced with the question of survival.
I am not saying a certain result will necessarily come of
all this. It’s important to recognize the immense scale on which global change
operates.
Again, in past eras, the planet was large enough and distances great
enough that such threats were non-existent.

 

 

The global community has indeed grown over the entire
expanse of the earth. We can reach everywhere with the technologies and weapons
at hand. Nature too, through disease and pestilence, now has the identical reach.
The threat to human survival is now fixed as part of the larger global change
scenario.
 Is it just me?
Statistics by Cancer Research UK reveal that within 15
years, 50 men out of every 100 are likely to be diagnosed with the disease at
some point in their lifetime, as opposed to 44 out of every 100 in 2010.
Women’s lifetime cancer risk is also increasing and is
predicted to rise from 40 to 44 out of every 100 women by 2027.
Is it just me or have things been tipped on their heads?
In the 60’s it was the fashion to smoke even the TV news
readers smoked whilst reading the news and from what I can find there were
around 10,000 deaths per year attributable to smoking.
Now in the naughty’s smoking if a social no, no you are
treated like an outcast if you smoke so very few people actually smoke now.
Unlike the strong un-tipped cigarettes of the 60’s today we
have low tar and filter tips but the deaths attributable to smoking is in the
100’s of thousands how can this be?
Well I have two theories that I feel could help explain
these figures it is however your choice whether or not you accept them.
The first cause I would argue is the motorway hold up
experienced by all those who travel to and from work by car each day.
One of two setting on your heating system will be in
operation, either it will be on hot or cold and even if switched off I believe
this effect will still be the case.
We pull up behind the car in front and we sit in our sealed
cabins while the heating system sucks in the poisonous exhaust fumes from the
car in front.
Remember people use these fumes to kill themselves when
committing suicide. What can these poisonous fumes be doing to our bodies when
we are exposed to them twice a day at least five days each week?
Theory number two goes like this.
We are all aware of the biological effects of nuclear
radiation and the increase in cancers and thus deaths suffered by those exposed
to radiation, the Japanese bombs and Chernobyl being prime examples.
Is it then unrealistic to expect that as hundreds of nuclear
bombs have been exploded in tests all over the world and all of the ground
burst weapons will have generated radioactive fallout which will have travelled
around the world and descended on us the unsuspected citizens of the world.
These two personal theories are just that personal and my
musings BUT what if?

 

 

Donate just £2 a month to fund life-changing projects:
Recently aid charities have been targeting us here in the UK
with pictures of African children having to drink dirty water from contaminated
sources.
While I think it is horrific to see this happening and I
wish that it could be prevented for ever.
What I cannot understand is why it is happening in the first
place?
Here are three statements from their website.
1. Help build a well – so children don’t have to drink
filthy river water that’s teeming with parasites, bacteria and animal waste
2. Put taps and pumps in the heart of a community – daily
treks to the river with a heavy jerry can are tiring and leave little time for
school or work
3. End the threat of diarrhoea, which kills 2,000 children
every day
Statement one is a disgrace in this day and age and it is
clearly the fault of the village elders in failing to pass down the basics of
water filtering and purification to each new generation.
Surely they know who to build a basic sand and gravel
filter? Surely they know to boil their water and if not why has the world not
told or shown them how to do it, if they have forgotten how to survive as a
people in their own country.
I must also say that the intention of these charities is to
dig down to find water, well what are the villagers doing all day then besides
just sitting around, why do they not dig their own wells.
Statement two regards the placing of taps in villages so the
kids do not have to walk a long distance to get the water in the first place.
Why not just move the village to the water problem solved,
I would have thought it would have been there anyway as all
civilisations have always camped and built along river courses you just need to
look at the location of our major towns and cities to see how they are situated
by rivers and water courses.
Statement three would not be true if basic water hygiene was
practiced and villages were situated by water sources.
Overall I fail to see how whole tribes are in this mess in
the first place, if anything they should be teaching us their survival
techniques and tricks for living where they do.
I do not get it.
What to do in a Lightning Storm
Hundreds of people are struck by lightning each year around
the world and many are of course killed by these strikes.
Although the odds of you being stuck are
slim, even if you survive being struck most injuries are serious and lifelong.
It’s essential for everyone, especially survivalists and backpackers, to learn
and understand lightning safety.
“NO PLACE outside is safe when lightning is in the area.”
Although this piece does provides safety tips for how to survive a lightning
storm while outdoors, nowhere outside is totally safe.
Always find a closed shelter to ride out the storm in long
before it reaches you. If you can hear thunder, you are within striking
distance of lightning.
Avoid the Storm in
the First Place
Be aware of the area’s weather patterns while backpacking.
In mountainous areas, thunderstorms typically develop in the early afternoon.
To avoid this, plan your hike in the morning and be off the mountain by noon.
While enjoying the outdoors, you still need to pay attention
to the changing weather. Look at the forecast before heading outdoors to go survival
training and know the weather patterns of the area.
Weather can change quickly so always be mindful of the
clouds. Dark underbellies, changing winds, and a scent of rain all indicate bad
weather. But the best sign of a lightning storm is thunder.
Even if there is blue sky above, lightning can travel up to
10 miles horizontally before striking the ground. This type of lightning is
called Bolts from the Blue and although rare, it can still be fatal.  
You may
think you are safe when miles from the storm, but if you can hear thunder, you
aren’t.
Even if you haven’t arrived at your destination yet, always
be willing to head to safety (even if that means turning back) if bad weather
develops.
Unless it develops extremely quickly, you should be able to
head to safety long before the storm arrives. Absolutely never take your
chances with being outdoors during a thunderstorm.  
It’s better to be late in
this world than early in the next.
The best way to avoid lightning is to find a closed shelter.
Once inside, stay away from corded phones, computers and other electrical
equipment that put you in direct contact with electricity.
Also avoid plumbing, as lightning can travel through wiring.
Stay away from windows and make as little contact as possible with concrete.
Staying in a car is actually safer than being outside
because the metal roof and sides. If lightning strikes a vehicle, it will
travel through the metal to the ground.
However, “convertibles, motorcycles, bicycles, open 4X4s and
cars with fiberglass shells offer no protection from thunderstorms” If riding
the storm out in a vehicle, shut the windows, don’t lean on the sides and don’t
use any electronic equipment.
Caught Outdoors in a
Lightning Storm
Although you should always head to an indoor shelter long
before being caught in a lightning storm, there are some last resort safety
tips, assuming there are no indoor shelters nearby that may reduce your chance
of being stuck by lightning.
Lightning Storm
If you find yourself caught in the lightning storm, first of
all, do not panic. Stay calm and take the proper immediate precautions.
Immediately leave open fields, elevated mountain tops, or
watery areas. Get away from tall or isolated structures and never use trees as
shelter.
The idea that electronic devices and metal on your body
attract lightning is a myth, so don’t take the time to remove these.
“Height,
pointy shape, and isolation are the dominant factors controlling where a
lightning bolt will strike”
Therefore, metal objects protruding from your backpack, such
as trekking poles or antennas, can attract lightning. Also stay away from any
objects that could conduct electricity, such as fences or power lines.
Once these things are done, you want to get as low as
possible. In addition, if lighting strikes an object, lethal shrapnel can be
sent flying. Staying low and finding some sort of protection can minimize the
chance of injuries from debris.
If you can get to a safer spot quickly, take the risk of
running to it as the chance of possible lightning strikes decreases when you
move.
Do not stop running until you are at a safe location. Find a
spot away from the wind and that is low and unlikely to get hit, such as
depressions, caves, or between rocks. Even if you feel you are in a safe
outdoor location, never lie flat on the ground.
When lightning strikes head to low spots away from tall
trees, peaks and water. Insulate yourself from the ground by crouching on the
balls of your feet on top of a sleeping pad or backpack.
If there are no closed shelters or low spots nearby, your
only other option is to ride it out and hope for the best.
Although nothing has proven to reduce the risk of being
struck by lightning while outside the crouch method is believed to lower your
chances.
Crouch down on the
balls of your feet, keeping them close together, to minimize your contact with
the ground. To protect your hearing, cover your ears in order to block out the
thunder.
If you are with a group of people, crouch 20 feet apart to decrease
the risk of multiple people being struck.
When boating, take even extra precautions to not be out on
the water during a thunderstorm. However, if you are caught in a lightning
storm while on water, lay anchor and head to the cabin or crouch as low as possible
in the middle of the boat. Be sure not to touch metal or use electronic
equipment.
Positive Streamers?
You’re About to be Struck.
Being struck by lightning is often preceded by a sensation
of tingling and by your hair standing on end along your arms and the back of
your neck. If you have this feeling and are in or near a lightning storm, your
body has likely sent a positive streamer.
If this sudden charge connects with the electrons pooling
beneath the storm clouds, lightning will strike.
If you feel this sensation, either run as fast as you can to
shelter or immediately crouch on the balls of your feet (follow the guidelines
I have just mentioned). Hold your breath, as you can breathe in the superheated
air that surrounds you and is expanding out from a lightning bolt.
Emergency First Aid
for Lighting Strike Victims
CPR Guidelines
If someone is struck by lightning, call 999 or emergency
medical support immediately. Wait until the danger has passed to evaluate their
condition and to begin medical treatment on the injured person.
Because the charge simply passes through the body, a
lightning strike victim does not carry an electronic charge after being struck.
If they are unconscious but breathing, wait for medical
staff. If they are not breathing or have no pulse, start performing CPR chest
compressions until they regain consciousness or help arrives.
Treat electrical burns as you would any other type.
Neurological and internal injuries are possible however, 80% of people recover
after being hit by lightning. It is also possible for someone to be hit by
lightning and be practically uninjured.
Cute and Cuddly but-deadly?
A new generation of killer diseases set to hit mankind could
come from cats and dogs, a study has found.
Scientists say human beings will soon be infecting serious
illnesses which have spread from their domestic pets.
A report found the risk to humans from animal-based
’emerging diseases’ has increased as pets have moved ‘out of the barn’ and into
homes.
Researchers say that domestic pets such as this Afghan Hound
could be the source of the next major diseases to jump between animals and
humans.
People are becoming more and more at risk because pets are
increasingly part of their owner’s lives – including sleeping in their
bedrooms.
The report says diseases in humans started by animals will
be increasingly virulent – like canine rabies which kills around 55,000 people
in Africa and Asia each year.

 

 

It calls for global monitoring of these ‘zoonotic’ diseases
– spreads from animals to humans – so medicines and vaccines can be developed.
The study was led by Michael Day, Professor of Veterinary
Pathology in the School of Veterinary Sciences at the University of Bristol and
published in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases,
He says cats and dogs are a ‘large potential source’ of the
new generation of diseases set to hit mankind.
Professor Day said: ‘The number of small companion animals
is significant.
For example there are an estimated eight to ten million dogs
living in up to 31 per cent of UK homes and in the USA, 72 million dogs in 37
per cent of homes.
In developed countries the relationship between man and dogs
and cats has deepened, with these animals now closely sharing the human indoor
environment.
The benefits of pet ownership on human health, well-being
and development are unquestionable, but as dogs and cats have moved from the
barn, to the house, to the bedroom, the potential for disease spread to humans
increases.
Researchers say the increased number of owners who sleep
with their pets has increased the risk of diseases spreading from them to their
owners
The report was backed by The World Small Animal Veterinary
Association (WSAVA), One Health Committee, the US Centres for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the
World Health Organization (WHO).
The report said international health agencies largely
monitor diseases spread by livestock – not domestic pets.
Professor Day added: ‘For example, the WHO monitors human
influenza virus infection through a network of 111 centres in 83 countries.
In contrast, there is no such monitoring for the infections
that may be transmitted between small companion animals and man.
If you’re feeling bad and think you’re sick as a dog, you
might have put your finger on the cause, researchers say.
There are more than 200 diseases that can be transferred
from animals to humans, and even man’s best friend can be unfriendly when it
comes to staying healthy.
Almost every animal is capable of passing some type of
disease or sickness to humans.
Dr Leon Russell, a veterinarian in Texas A&M
University’s College of Veterinary Medicine who teaches a course on the
subject, says ailments range from near harmless to downright deadly. The
technical term for such a transfer is zoonosis, which means any disease that is
communicable from animals to humans.
Most of those 200 or so diseases that can be passed to
humans are fairly rare and don’t occur much in the United States. But there are
a few dozen that are very common and can be even be killers.
One of the
worst is salmonella which we have all heard of.
Salmonella
‘s a bacterial disease found in poultry and eggs and
uncooked meat. Worldwide, it kills thousands of people every year but can be
one of the most preventable.
Its bacterial cousin — campylobacter — can also
be acquired from poultry, but young puppies have been known to pass the disease.
If you cut up chicken and then use the same knife to cut the
bread or salad, you’re asking for trouble. And it’s best to clean off a cutting
board you’re using, too. Just one drop can make a person very sick.
You must wash your hands after handling raw meat or poultry
to prevent transfer of these bacteria to other food items.” Snakes and
other reptiles are capable of passing salmonella, too, he says. “If a
youngster has handled a snake or other reptile and then eats without washing
his hands, it gives salmonella an open door to invade the body,” he says.
Toxoplasmosis
Being pregnant is not the best time to be cleaning out the
cat’s litter box, either. Russell says toxoplasmosis is sometimes passed from
cats to humans and can harm a woman’s fetus during pregnancy, possibly leading
to birth defects.
It’s best to let someone else change the cat litter if you’re
pregnant, he advises.
Eating uncooked meat, such as pork, mutton or beef, is
another way of transmitting toxoplasmosis,” Russell believes. Cows — and
dogs — can pass along leptospirosis to their owners.
It affects the liver and
kidneys and can become very serious. It can be similar to infectious viral
hepatitis in humans, Russell points out.
Animals urinating in surface water
such as ponds, tanks or even small puddles is a hazard, he says
Brucellosis
Brucellosis can also be passed from cattle to humans, and
although it is not as common in the United States as it used to be, other
countries still are dealing with the problem.
It often comes from impure raw
milk and can cause a high fever and affect bone development.
Roundworms/hookworms
Children who ingest dirt that is used with dogs who have
roundworms can get roundworms and can get ill, and hookworms from an uncovered
cat’s sand box cause skin lesions on humans.
Cat Scratch Fever
Cat Scratch Fever is not a myth — it’s real and when
kitty’s claws come into contact with skin and blood, it can result in flu-like
symptoms and swollen lymph glands.
Nationally, about 1 per cent of all emergency room hospital
admissions are due to animal bites or scratches that figure may sound low, but
it adds up to between 1 and 2 million people a year.”
Rabies
The dreaded disease of rabies has been around for hundreds
of years, and skunks and solitary bats are the most frequent carriers, the best
advice: Use common sense and stay away from wild animals, and if you see a bat
on the ground or a wall, leave it alone.
And remember that rabies is
transmitted by animal bites, not by skunk scent or flying bats.”
Histoplasmosis
If you’re a bird lover, watch out for histoplasmosis. It
comes from bird droppings that are often seen on the footpath or on cars, and
if you inhale it long enough, it causes conditions that resemble tuberculosis
and can become very serious.
Psittacosis
Parakeets can give humans Psittacosis, commonly called
Parrot Fever, which can cause flu-like illness and eventually may affect the
heart and lungs.
Tularemia
The Easter bunny can be soft and cuddly, but if it is a wild
rabbit it is capable of passing along Tularemia, which causes skin lesions,
high fever and swollen lymph nodes Lyme disease/Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.
Ticks on animals can make them sick and the results can be
transferred to humans in the form of Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain Spotted
Fever, both of which can be deadly. Lyme disease starts out as a skin rash,
evolves into conditions resembling arthritis and in its final form, can cause
serious neurological problems.
Deer ticks have been known to pass along Lyme disease and
dog ticks spread Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever to humans.
Encephalitis
Horses can develop Equine Encephalitis and the same
mosquitoes can pass it to their owners. Although horses and humans can be
victims of mosquito transmitted Encephalitis, horses do not directly transmit
the disease to humans.
Ringworms
Most moms know a young kitten or dog can have ringworms, a
skin ailment that while not usually serious, can be extremely unpleasant.
Ferrets can be cute and playful, but some have a nasty habit of biting small
children which can cause various types of infection.
And what about the reverse? Can animals get diseases from
humans?
Tuberculosis can be passed both ways — from animals to
humans and vice versa. If people use common sense, they should not have much to
worry about when it comes to animal diseases.
Washing your hands after handling animals and pets, not
kissing dogs or cats near their mouths, treating bites effectively, keeping
clean litter boxes and bird cages — all of these things can go a very long way
in easing any worries an animal or pet owner might have.
Winter Proof Your Home
It’s quick. It’s easy. And it could save you a lot of
distress this winter.
Your home is your castle. Imagine the damage to your
personal possessions and your daily life if the pipes in your home were to
freeze and burst this winter. Help protect your home by following this simple 2
step pipe check:
Step 1. Check that your pipes have been lagged
Step 2. Check all lagging is securely fitted
Simple tips to protect your pipes this winter.
Water, it’s a big part of our daily routine, which makes it
easy for all of us to take it for granted. But it only takes one big freeze and
you could have a burst pipe and that could mean no water- and potentially
costly repairs.
All pipework within your home or business boundary is your
responsibility, and spending a little time on simple frost protection now could
help you avoid trouble and expense during cold weather.
Avoiding Frozen Pipes
Insulate water tanks and pipes in unheated areas like lofts,
roof spaces, garages and outbuildings. This is also applicable to non-domestic
premises and holiday homes likely to be unoccupied and unheated for prolonged
periods of time.
And don’t forget your boat as someone I know did and ended
up with a cracked engine £7,000 lost there then. Winterise it now
Insulation is essential in helping to prevent water in pipes
from freezing. It is also important to ensure there are no gaps in the
insulation at bends, valves or fittings.
Lagging material for pipes can be purchased in DIY/Plumbing
stores. It should be noted that even with lagging, extreme weather conditions
can result in water in pipes freezing.
Without lagging however the potential
for this to happen is greatly increased.
Fix dripping taps – a small trickle of water can freeze and
completely block the pipe.
Find your internal stop tap/valve. It is usually but not
always located under your kitchen sink and normally closes by turning
clockwise. You may want to test it is working.
Service your boiler regularly.
Make sure doors and windows from unheated parts of your
property are kept closed and minimise any draughts from outside.
If you have tanks or pipes in the roof space, allow some
warm air to circulate by opening the trap door (this should be a temporary
measure ONLY, as it will cause condensation – tanks and pipes should be
insulated).
Leave the heating on low when you are away. Leave a key with
a neighbour, friend or family member who can check the house regularly.
Write down the contact details of a qualified plumber.
If a property is not in use or occupied for a prolonged
period of time it is advisable to turn the water supply off at the stop tap and
even consider draining down the system to lessen the possibility of burst pipes
going undetected causing property damage and the waste of water.
Stop Valve Tag
Think ahead with a homemade Stop Valve Tag and loop it
around the stop valve in your home. This will ensure you or anyone in your home
(house sitter /baby sitter) are aware of the location of the stop valve and it
will be easily identifiable in the event of a burst pipe.
A stop valve is used to shut off the flow of water in a
pipe.
Dealing with Frozen Pipes
Turn off the water supply at the stop tap/valve.
Thaw along the pipe, starting from the end nearest the tap.
Don’t use a blow lamp or naked flame.
Put hot water bottles or a thick cloth soaked in hot water
over the frozen pipe or use a hair dryer at its lowest setting to thaw pipes.
 
Be careful not to warm them too quickly.
Don’t leave taps dripping or running. The water may not
flush down the plug hole if the pipes below are frozen
If a Pipe Bursts
Turn off the stop tap/valve.
Try to block escaping water with thick cloth like towels.
Turn on all taps to reduce flooding.
Call a qualified plumber.
And don’t forget to turn off taps once the problem is fixed
to avoid further flooding.

 

 

‘Looting Gangs’ Targeted Victims of Hurricane Sandy With Theft and Violence
Following the devastation and lost lives left behind by
Hurricane Sandy I wish to offer my most sincere sympathy to those who lost
loved ones and my very best wishes and hopes for a fast rebuild of homes and
lives.

 

But despite the horrors and lost dreams of thousands,
despite the coming together of communities to help each other, scum, low life
wastes of skin are now looting the homes, shops and businesses’ destroyed by
sandy can you believe that.
Criminals who are taking advantage of the devastation of
Hurricane Sandy are posting photographs of stolen goods on Twitter and bragging
about how they plan to carry out more thefts and violence.
Shocking images posted to the social networking website
depict individuals who appear to be working together boasting about how they
have stolen laptops, TV’s, and other electronics from both stores and private
homes that fell victim to the hurricane.
Not only are these low life thugs proudly displaying their
stolen goods, they are planning on violence.
Hopefully, the police have contacted the social media
outlet, and are learning the identities of these thieves. It shouldn’t be that
difficult to locate the suspects, considering some of them are showing their
faces on the Internet.
As usual, the violence and theft in the wake of Hurricane
Sandy, has been largely under reported by the media, but it’s obviously
happening.  
The unconscionable censoring by the Main Stream Media of this is
truly despicable.
Water that had risen six feet high hadn’t completely drained
away from the streets of Coney Island in Brooklyn, N.Y., yet looters had
already rifled through the remains of vulnerable shops on Mermaid Avenue.
At about 8 a.m. on Tuesday, workers arrived at Mega Aid
Pharmacy to find that not only had Hurricane Sandy obliterated the building’s
interior the night before, but thieves had broken in and gone through more than
10,000 pharmaceutical items. Most of the stolen goods were prescription meds.
In my opinion this is just ‘complete lawlessness’ and if I
was in charge I would order the National Guard into these areas with orders to
shoot looters on sight that would stop them in their tracks.
But you know fellow preppers we have exactly the same to
face if we too suffer a major natural disaster like Sandy.

 

 

Please believe me when I tell you that there will be looters
and burglars and even worse on our streets, and that situation is what we must
plan for as preppers.
We need to plan to protect our families in a SHTF event
because we know what we face and we also now know that we will be alone without
police backup.
If nothing else Sandy must have shown the non-prepper how
foolish they are to ignore such events to think they cannot happen to me.
It would only take a prolonged snow event, a major terrorist
attack or even a major power cut to put you into a survival situation were the
supermarket shelves would be empty
And then what would you do, what would you eat then?
But imagine a major flood were you had to be evacuated, were
your home was left unattended and vulnerable how would you feel then, perhaps a
little bit like the survivors of sandy.
Then combine that with the news that your home had been
looted as well. Imagine that.
So people, friends, fellow preppers and survivalists what
can we do to prevent us being victims of our low life scum how do we protect
our homes in a future SHTF event that is a question you must ask yourselves.
What I would say is that by doing nothing, by failing to
plan we are giving the wrong signal to these criminals who will I promise you
take full advantage of our failings.
Perhaps it is time to plan, that in a SHTF situation, for
want of a better phrase, a (Community Group) would be left behind to ensure
home safety. What do you think, let me know.
Making a Homemade Dirty Bomb is Not Easy.
As the government has informed us that a Secondary school
dropout street punk can make a dirty bomb, let’s do a thought experiment.
Let’s
make one.
The government descriptions are of radioactive material
being dispersed by an explosion. Essentially all candidate materials are
metals.
The requirement is to disperse the metal.
Clearly if it is in one piece we might as well just throw it
away as No explosion is going to turn it into more than a few pieces.
Those
pieces can be found quite easily by Geiger counters.
To kill people we have to get them to eat it or inhale it.
As people are not likely to eat pieces of metal they find on the street we are
going to have to get people to inhale it or for it to be unnoticeable on their
food. Therefore we must reduce the metal to a very fine powder.
With metals that would require a file and the finer the file
the finer the pieces are of course. If you have ever done this or handled iron
filings you know if you drop them they fall like stones.
They do not float away in the wind and no one is going to
inhale them and they would be spat out if chewed. We could drop them off of a
high building in a strong breeze but that doesn’t do much for dispersion.
Even
if as fine as talcum powder (no easy task) the particles are a hundred times
heavier than talcum powder and fall rather than blow away in the wind.
So we have to find a way to get the material fine enough to
be dispersed by the wind. To do that the best way is to burn it. That will
produce relatively light metal oxide particles.
This can disperse through the
air in a stiff breeze and can be inhaled or fall on food.
The best candidate metal is uranium isotope number 235, the
one used to make one type of atom bomb. This is slightly heavier than lead.
Back when we had lead in gasoline the burned lead came out of the exhaust.
That
was so heavy it didn’t get much beyond the footpath so we will still need that
tall building.
Uranium burns quite well once started, so mixing the powder
with thermite or magnesium will cause a nice burn and on top of a tall building
about the best dispersion we are going to get.
It is not “the taller the better” and “the
stronger the breeze the better” as we don’t want it falling beyond the
target area or, depending on location, or even blowing it out to sea.  
It would
take some study to determine building height to wind velocity to maximize the
results.
Despite the government’s implication we cannot drop into the
local university and get a few ounces of U235. But if we could get hold of a
few ounces it would come in a lead container weighing a half ton or more.
And after having it and developing a filing machine and
collection apparatus the machine would have to work in a lead enclosure in the
ten ton range. The mixing with magnesium would have to be done in the room.
This increases our requirement to having
a human operator having control of the equipment from outside the room
drastically increasing the cost.
As we can make the assumption this is a suicide mission the
designated bomber can rush in to pick up a briefcase and head for the tall building
and ignite it on the roof. We have now been successful suicide terrorists.
Because of the necessary contamination of the assembly area
that person will most certainly die of radiation poisoning due to massive
exposure. If not that then certainly because whatever he carries it in will not
have the half ton of lead shielding needed to prevent his death by radiation
poisoning.
But our success is limited. Exploded or burned outside on
top a tall building with a stiff breeze either dust or burned Uranium can cover
and contaminate a wide area — until the first decent rain washes it down the
sewers.
What doesn’t wash away will certainly collect in pools of
rain water making clean-up efforts much easier. We also do not want it too
dispersed or else it will be hard to detect above natural background radiation
and the media will not become as hysterical.
We have also made a trade-off between burned Uranium which
people have a chance of inhaling against a fine dust which essentially cannot
be inhaled.  
Dust has to fall on food unnoticed and eaten leaving the risk only
to food exposed and being eaten while it is settling.
This would of course leave the customers of open air food
markets at risk but little would be eaten and the loss limited to one days’
exposed food.
With this success we have created massive hysteria in the
media and in the people stirred up by the media. But with neither dust nor
burning is there enough radiation in one place or ingested or inhaled by one
person to cause radiation poisoning.
What we have achieved will only be measurable statistically.
Starting no sooner than a year later there will be a small statistical increase
in radiation related forms of cancer. Actual deaths will not start until
perhaps a year or more after that. This statistical increase may be noticeable
for another twenty years until things are back to normal.
We will not have
hospitals filled with thousands of victims of radiation poisoning.
In the process of designing this weapon we have discovered
there are very few useful radioactive materials.
Those commonly available as in smoke detectors are in much
too small a quantity and do not put out significant dangerous radioactivity.
Another relatively safe isotope of Uranium, 238, is called
depleted Uranium. It was used extensively in anti-tank shells during the Gulf
War. That is all over Iraq along the ‘highway of death’ and thus freely
available.
There is no good source of U235 outside of a highly guarded
weapons plant. 
Some universities do have it for research purposes but it is
never in large quantities and most always in the form of salts or oxides. It is
not in large quantities as the more in one container the more radioactivity it
produces.
The larger the sample the more dangerous it is to handle. Fortunately
research other than for bombs requires only very small quantities.
It is in the form of salts, such as chlorides so that it is
soluble in water for some experiments or as an oxide exactly so that it cannot
burn with the attendant risks. So any oxide stolen can be used only for
dispersion not burning.
Put it all together and a theft from a university source
might yield a few thousandths of an ounce, a few milligrams. As it is in a form
which can only be used for explosive dispersal it has that tendency to fall like
a rock so it won’t disperse very far and is not likely to be inhaled.
The real
danger of its use would be the hysteria in the news media and the panic the
media would cause and then cover.
In the process of designing this weapon we have learned
there is natural background radioactivity and the amount and type of
radioactivity to harm people.
We have learned the only people who would die in
the first few years after it is set off would be those caught in the initial
fire or explosion.
We have also learned the safety requirements for preparing
such a weapon and that the government can discover us by our purchases of lead
and industrial robotic equipment.
And if we don’t do everything right we will
be dead before half started.
Above all we have learned high school dropout street thugs
are not of use except as the designated suicide bomber.
Now the one other alternative are the spent core rods from
nuclear reactors.
If we could get some of this it starts as a new fuel rod at
3% instead of the over 90% concentration for weapons grade material. So the
actual amount of radiation is drastically lower to begin with.
When it is
spent, ready for reprocessing, they have a wide range of highly radioactive
elements which are quite suitable for dirty bombs.

 

 

However the problems of obtaining this are greater than
stealing U235 from a research facility. Whereas a university would have a night
watchman or two, nuclear power plants have 24/7 armed guards, security fences
and intrusion detection systems.
If these can be overcome we will find spent fuel rods in
huge tanks of water. 
If we can remove them we have to put them into the
multi-ton lead containers we brought with us. During the hours this would take
with our huge truck and cranes, the people working there have called the
police.
We could try hijacking a truck carrying the rods to the
reprocessing plant. We discover, unlike the movies, the trucks do not travel
back roads in the country but on the Interstate highways with police escorts.
We would have about as much chance of getting away as a speeder on police video
with ten times the resources after us.
Dirty Bomb Attack
A Dirty bomb attack is now a ‘real threat’ to Britain as
nuclear waste smugglers swap tips online, Foreign Office warns
Foreign Office minister Alistair Burt used a speech in
London to warn of the dangers posed by a rise nuclear weapons being smuggled
around the world.
Alistair Burt said countries around the world face a ‘real
and global threat’ of a nuclear terror attack. South Korean radiologists have
been pictured taking part in an exercise in dealing with a possible radioactive
terror attack at the Kimpo airport
He warned  that
information freely available on the internet combined with nuclear material
becoming more widely available means an attack, once ‘unthinkable’ is not a
‘real and global threat’.
Mr Burt, who has responsibility for our counter-terrorism
policy, said the UK’s National Security Strategy identified nuclear terrorism
as a primary danger to Britain.
He said: ‘Nuclear terrorism is a real and global
threat.  A successful attack, no matter
where in the world it came, would be catastrophic.
Catastrophic for the immediate devastation and terrible loss
of life, and for the far-reaching consequences – psychological, economic,
political, and environmental.
Such an attack was unthinkable just a generation ago.  But it is now a possibility we need to
confront with the utmost vigilance.’
In today’s world of modern communication, information is
spreading faster.  Like nuclear energy,
this brings huge benefits, but it also brings significant risks.  There is more information about nuclear
weapons on the internet than there ever has been.
As is the case in cyberspace, the danger is stateless in
geographical space.  It is impossible for
any national government or police force, no matter how advanced, to contain on
its own.
Global smuggling networks are thriving.  Criminal cells operate across borders and
across continents.’
He said the UK has been at the ‘forefront’ of tackling illicit
trafficking of nuclear material.
He also lifted the lid on the UK’s secretive Atomic Weapons
Establishment which works on detecting the trade in nuclear material.  ‘This is a rare opportunity to publically
acknowledge that their work has been central to the defence of the United
Kingdom for over 50 years,’ he said.
Mr Burt’s stark warning came as he addressed a meeting in
London of experts from around the world discussing ways to prevent a
devastating attack.
His warning comes as global experts gather in London to plot
how to thwart catastrophic attacks that could kill thousands.
Fears were high that a bomb attack would target the London
Olympics this summer. Last month Senior Foreign Office Minister Baroness Warsi
warned: ‘Nuclear  terrorism remains one
of the greatest threats to our global peace and security.
The Foreign Office is working with dozens of countries to
bolster the UN Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.
The convention allows for international cooperation in the
investigation, prosecution and extradition of anyone plotting terrorist acts
involving radioactive material or a nuclear device.
You know I believe that we cannot prevent these terrorists
from attempting a “dirty bomb” attack, but as preppers and survivalists we can
bloody well learn what to do if it does happen.
Remember that a dirty bomb is not a nuclear bomb OK, it is
in fact a chemical explosion with radioactive material and or either mixed in
to the explosive or encasing the explosive so that when detonated the blast
throws the radioactive material into the air which is then spread by the wind
downwind.
The initial causalities would be very low as the explosion
would not need to be large, and in any case the objective of the explosion is
not to kill but to disperse the radioactive material around the explosion site.
It is for this reason that I classify a “Dirty Bomb” as a
denial weapon, by that I mean denial of access to an area for some length of
time, i.e. a Dirty Bomb detonated in Dover for example with its 7,000 lorries
alone coming into the UK everyday would do what the German U-boats failed to do
in one fell swoop.
And don’t forget the tourist and business travel from our
busiest channel seaport.
The same denial effect would cause absolute economic havoc
if a Dirty Bomb was detonated in and around the City of London square mile, at
Canary wharf or indeed the centre of any major city in the UK.
The length of the denial period would depend on the levels
of radioactive materials used in the explosion and the delivery method.
By this I mean that if a Dirty Bomb was detonated in a
confined area say a ships hold or an underground car park its effects would be
reduced in relation to one that was detonated on a ship’s deck or on a street
in a city centre.
Remember that our first line of defence against a Dirty Bomb
is the wind as the radioactive material can only go were the wind blows it so
it you are upwind then you are OK.
If however you are downwind then you must react as if it was
radioactive fallout heading your way and stay indoors until the all clear is
given.
This period I would have thought would be quite short as the
radioactive material will not be blown too high in the air so it will naturally
settle closed to ground zero in any case and also it will be less intense in
radioactivity.
What Makes the Best Survival Knife?
With the best survival tool in the world “your brain” and a
survival knife you are able and ready to attack any situation that may arise in
the wilderness as a threat to your survival.
I am waiting for the new Chris Caine legal carry but until
then I carry a very good Multi Tool, I also own Chris’s Companion and his
survival knife,  and have a blackbird SK5, A Kalashnikov knife a survivor knife, a
survival tanto knife, two gutting and skinning knives, a flexible filleting
knife, a CRKT neck knife and a few others as well.
These knives do a good job of skinning, butchering and
filleting, and most are very good at cutting wood to build a fire or to make
shelter.
I don’t plan on getting into a real survival situation. In
fact, I do a lot of planning to make sure I don’t. 
But that is the whole
problem, nobody plans on getting into a real survival situation, do we? but it
still happens.
I am a self-confessed knife nut but what should we look for
in a Good Survival Knife? Well this is what I want in a survival knife
Fixed blade
Full tang
Solid handle with hilt and flat pommel
Blade metal – carbon steel or stainless steel
Blade design – straight edge or partially serrated, flat or
serrated spine
Blade length – 4 – 9 inches
Blade thickness – 1/8 – 1/4 inch (0.125 – 0.25)
Lanyard hole  –
security and for lashing to pole to make spear
Useful sheath
Survival not Tactical
Fixed Blade
There are lots of nice folding and lock blade knives, but I
think it goes without saying, that you want a fixed blade for the strongest
possible utility and survival knife. Never put force straight down on the tip
of a folding blade or you will risk cutting off your trigger finger. Even the
best lock blades can fail under pressure.
I had a close call once simply
because pocket lint had built up under the locking mechanism and the blade
wouldn’t lock.
Full Tang
In a Full Tang Knife, the Blade Extends the Full Length of
the Handle
Full tang simply means the part of the metal of the blade
extends the entire length of the handle for maximum strength. A half tang blade
would extend halfway down the handle. If it goes without saying that the
survival knife needs to have a fixed blade, it also needs to have a full tang.
Some full tangs are narrow; some are the full width of the knife handle.
I have yet to see a good knife with storage space in the
handle. The blade may be strong and sharp, but when the handle breaks off, you
will not be happy.
I knew a guy that tried to super glue and duct tape a blade
back onto the handle.
No, they didn’t have super glue or duct tape with them at
the time and no, they were not happy with the fix.
What can you do with a knife
with no handle? I guess you could make your own handle, use the end of the
blade as the tang and just have a shorter knife.
Solid Handle with
Hilt and Flat Pommel
Handles of the most popular survival knives are made from a
variety of natural and man-made products including Kratan (synthetic rubber),
molded plastic, leather (stacked leather washers) and Micarta layered fabric
and resin.
Some knives only have the metal tang (skeleton) as the
handle. The important thing is that it fit your hand and allows a good,
non-slip grip when you are sweaty or if the knife is wet. It is also important
to have a handle with a hilt and a pommel that is wider than the handle to
improve the grip when stabbing and chopping and the pommel should also be flat
so you can use it as a hammer.
You don’t want the knife to slip while you are
furiously chopping. I suggest the use of a paracord laynard.
Blade Metal
The easy answer is to choose knives with carbon steel or
stainless steel blades. The strength, hardness, flexibility and the ability of
the blade to take and hold an edge is all effected by the type of metal used.
More importantly than the type of steel itself, according to
some experts, is the annealing process (heat treatment). A big point to
remember is that all knife metal, even stainless steel will rust if not cared
for
The hard answer is… well, it’s hard. I think of myself as an
educated guy, but I am not a knife maker or a metallurgist, so while
researching the variations of carbon and stainless steels used by various knife
manufacturers and after reading many arguments back and forth between the
experts about relative steel hardness, cost, difficulty to sharpen, and the
likelihood that blades may chip, my head was spinning.
I don’t speak the language. If D2, 1095, 440C or CPM154CM
already means something to you, then you probably aren’t looking to me for
information.
I will let the experts argue the good, the bad and the finer
points of each.
We have to trust that there is a legitimate reason to use one
type of steel over the other and it’s not just some current marketing hype.
We
also have to trust that the makers of our knives actually used the type of
steel they claim, but probably more importantly that they have treated, ground
and sharpened the knives properly.
As long as our knives
perform well at the tasks we require, holds an edge for a reasonable amount of
time, and can be sharpened without too much effort, then it probably doesn’t
matter much.
Does a 50% difference in price between two metals translate
to a 50% difference in desired performance of strength, hardness, flexibility
or the ability of the blade to take and hold an edge?
How would that be
demonstrated to us before we bought a knife?
Some blades are serrated or at least partially serrated, not
just to look intimidating, but to increase the effectiveness of slicing cuts.
Since a survival knife may need to make both pushing cuts and slicing cuts, a
reasonable option is to have a partially serrated blade.
A blade that has a serrated portion of less than 1.5 inches
may not be very useful. It is interesting that most partially serrated blades
seem to have the serrations near the handle which is the best place for
whittling; maximum control for push cuts and the plain straight edge is at the
belly of the knife, which is the exact place on the blade you need for slicing.
That may seem to be reversed, but remember, the survival
knife is a general utility tool, not a specific tool for a specific job. 
Chopping is also best with a smooth blade and the sweet spot for chopping is
also at, and just behind the belly of the knife.
Flat vs Serrated
Spine
A knife with a flat spine can be hit with a baton (club) to
be driven through poles or to split wood, but it cannot be used as a saw. The
serrated spine was originally developed for U.S. Air Force pilots to be used to
escape from downed aircraft.
It may look tough, but it won’t be much use in the
woods unless you need to open a can from the inside.

 

 

Blade Length
I see where people recommend blade lengths from as small as
4 inches to as large as 10 inches.
A small blade can cut, but can’t chop or be
driven through wood with a baton very well. On the other hand, a large knife
may chop well, but will always be heavy and may be hard to carry strapped to
your leg.
Again, a survival knife is a general purpose tool and if we
knew what task was needed most, we could make a better decision about blade
length.
Any length of a good quality blade in the hand will be better than
another blade left at home.
Blade Thickness
I have seen everything from 0.1 inch up to 1/4 inch thick
blades recommended for survival knifes. The thinner blades will be better for
fine whittling jobs such as making trap triggers and the thicker blades will be
better for prying and chopping, but again, they will always be heavier.
Hole for Lanyard
A loop of paracord through a lanyard hole is the first step
to prevent losing your knife while crashing through the bushes or scrambling up
and down steep hillsides, especially if you have a poor quality sheath.
Additional lanyard holes make it easy to attach the knife to a pole to make a
spear.
Useful Sheath
I like the look and feel of a leather sheath over Kydex, but
in wet weather leather can absorb water and kydex does not.
Once wet, it may take
days for a leather sheath to dry out and all that moisture will cause the knife
and the sheath rivets to corrode.
The sheath must hold the knife safely and securely and not
restrict your movement. It must keep the wearer safe from getting cut or stabbed
while scrambling through thick cover or while climbing. It also must keep the
knife from falling out even if it is upside down.
Survival Not Tactical
Remember, a survival knife needs to be a multi-purpose tool,
not a specialized weapon, entry or rescue tool. It is much more likely that the
knife will be needed to cut, chop and split wood or to pry and dig than to be
used for self-defence or for hunting and butchering food.
Many knives seem to
be cross marketed as both survival and tactical knives as if both types of
knives were totally interchangeable.
I have made choices in my life that virtually guarantees
that I will never own a Lamborghini, a Lear jet, a private island or more
importantly, a 10,000 acre estate.
I will never own a
Browning Superposed shotgun, I will never wear a £10,000 watch, I will never
drink a $1,000 bottle of wine and I will probably never spend £1,000 on an
ultimate survival knife.
So what’s a poor guy to do? We do what we always do, we buy
the very best we can afford at the time and it is that simple.

 

 

Butchered Sheep – Empty Shelves – No Power
Starving scavengers forced to the brink by the recession are
targeting sheep in a remote beauty spot and butchering them in fields for their
meat, livestock protection officers fear.
Experts have reported that animals are being dismembered on
Dartmoor, Devon – or stolen alive to be killed later.

 

 

Sheep have been found where there joints like the legs and
shoulders have been carefully cut away. They’re the sort of joints you’d have
in a roast dinner.
Could the traditional Sunday roast dinner become a thing of
the past?
Thousands of families can no longer afford to cook the traditional
Sunday meal
Sheep have been found in peoples back gardens and it could
be that they’ve been taken home so that people can butcher them there – and
then have lost heart and don’t fancy doing it – or the sheep have got away.
 I think we all know
it’s because times are hard and people are struggling to put food on their
table. This is the 21st century; this is a 1st world country, what the hell is
going on, why are our people taking to poaching to survive?
Well it is the economic policies of the traitors at the
houses of treason that have designed this mess in which we are forced to exist,
where 25,000 elderly people died of winter related diseases last year, “winter
related diseases” is government speak for hypothermia.
Our elderly are being
forces to choose between Heating and Eating.
But it is not just the elderly that are being affected,
teachers at a school in Bristol have been forced to buy breakfast for more than
130 pupils because parents send their children to lessons ‘hungry and
malnourished’.
Staff at Knowle DGE School in Bristol are supplying the
youngsters with the food at a weekly cost of £280.
The teachers refused to let their pupils go hungry and are
buying cereals, bread and fruit juices – so pupils will no longer complain they
feel ‘sick’ and ‘angry’ with hunger.
Spokeswoman for the school, Joanna Greenwood admitted
teachers felt it was ‘unfair’ that they had to pay but refused to let the
children go hungry.
She said: ‘We feel it’s really important that a child has a
good start to the day. Hunger and thirst is a very big trigger for negative
behaviour.
And in the United States according to a new survey of public
school teachers released by Share Our Strength’s No Kid Hungry campaign,
childhood hunger remains a serious obstacle to learning.
With nearly 1 in 5
U.S. kids facing the threat of hunger this year, teachers across America are
seeing its effects.
3 out of 5 teachers say they have children in their
classrooms who regularly come to school hungry.
4 out of 5 of those teachers say these children come to
school hungry at least once a week.
A majority of teachers who see hunger as a problem believe
the problem is growing.

 

 

Teachers commonly help families enrol in free or
reduced-price meal programs (71% of the time) or refer families to resources in
the school (54% of the time).
More than half of teachers (53%) say they purchase food for
hungry kids in their classrooms. One in ten of these teachers buy food every
week.
I ask again what is happening in our 1st world countries and
what can be done to counter the effects of these economic policies that are
destroying us as a civilisation.

 

 

You know perhaps it is up to us as preppers and survivalists
to enter our schools and talk to the kids about nutrition and food planning and
preparation and give them information sheets to take home to their parents.
Surely with our knowledge of survival food we can help in
our own communities and by doing so change the perspective in which we are
held.
I believe that these warning signs should be responded to,
we as preppers and survivalists may have to survive not a war, not a terrorist
attack, not a natural disaster but a food shortage.
Recently the following
crops have been reported as failed and or ruined en-mass Honey, wheat,
Potatoes, Apples, Peas, pumpkins.
News of a pork shortage began sizzling after a report
claimed that pig herds around the world are “declining at a significant rate.”
The report also said that the high price of corn, which is used to feed pigs,
is hurting farmers. Britain’s National Pig Association, a group that supports
farmers, issued the report.  Richard
Longthorp, the group’s chairman, declared the problem “unavoidable.”
Wheat prices have also risen, more than 50% in the past six
weeks alone. All of this leaves us teetering on the edge of another food
crisis.
The chief culprit has been the devastating US drought, which
has withered more crops than any weather pattern since 1956. As climate change
grips, such extremes are becoming the norm.
Livestock farmers are warning they won’t be able to afford
to feed their animals due to the lack of feed stuffs and the hiked price of
what is left on the market, and if they cannot afford to feed them then they
will cull them, reducing food production ability for ever.
Today supermarkets are warning of shortages of British fruit
and vegetables and higher prices after the recent torrential rain left fields
waterlogged.
Retailers are struggling to keep shelves stocked, and some
are putting up signs apologising for the fact that their produce is not up to
normal standards.
So I say that now is a good time to look into keeping a few
chickens, rabbits, sheep etc. and also into growing your own vegetables, if you
cannot manage to do this on your own then join with someone else or form a
local group to obtain some land and then produce your own food.
But you must do something otherwise we could see our very
food culture change beyond belief, in fact in one paper they were predicting that
by 2050 the UK would have become a vegetarian country.
And as if all that
was not enough
Britain is likely to run out of energy generating capacity
in the winter of 2015, Ofgem warned today.
The energy regulator said spare capacity could fall from
current levels of 14 per cent to just four per cent in three years.
This will make the country ever more reliant on imported gas
– which will likely lead to huge price increases while also risking Britain’s
self-sufficiency.
Ofgem said closures of coal-fired power stations before
schedule and EU legislation was behind the reduced capacity and urged
investment.
Ofgem also warned that uncertainty over the government’s
plans to revamp the electricity market meant it was unclear whether new,
cleaner plants would be built to bridge the gap.
The lack of spare capacity would leave the country little
leeway if any plants were to suffer unplanned outages or if supply of power
imports from Europe were disrupted.
Nine UK-based coal and oil fired plants with a combined
generating capacity of 11.5 gigawatts (GW) are due to close by 2015 or when
they have completed 20,000 hours of operation for coal-fired power stations or
10,000 hours for oil-powered facilities, under EU legislation aimed at limiting
emissions.
It really is time to
start Prepping now.
My Mum
It is getting really bad here in the UK food prices are
taking off and many ordinary people are unable to put enough food on their
children’s plates every day of the week, the old time recipes of Mum and Mum’s
mum have been lost or to be more accurate “Never learnt” in the first place.
A whole generation of cooking knowledge has been abandoned
to fast food junk and TV meals, to burgers and chips, to so called chicken
nuggets and chips.
When was the last time you sat down with your family and ate
a Sunday lunch?
I remember sitting around the dinner table for an evening
meal with the whole family every day, it was prepared and cooked by mum and it
tasted great as well.
But it was more than tasty, it was nutritious, healthy and
was simply meat and two veg as the old saying goes. The meals where rotated so
that there was variety and to some extent they were controlled by budget but
never the less  due to Mum’s ability to
prepare and plan interesting menus we survived.
It seems to me that these days young Mum’s buy pre-packed
food for their kids and by doing so they have no control over what their
children are actually eating and therefore they ingest high quantities of salt,
sugar and goodness knows how many E’s.
Old preparation skills have also been forgotten or not even
learned, for example, how many young Mum’s can dress game, clean fish, make
soup, make pastry, make bread, buns, scones, remember these are all the skills
that Mum’s where taught by their Mum’s and passed from generation to
generation.
These skills are every day survival skills, these skills are
the very skills that we as a people will be forced to use when SHTF, but there
is now a whole generation that cannot do these things anymore.
How will they
and their kids survive when the pre-packed food and tins run out, what will
they eat.
There are many different ways that my Mum used to bulk out
our meals when times were hard, she used to put barley and or lentils in to
soups to make them more filling, she used to use chicken carcasses to make
soup, she even bought vegetable cuttings to make soups as well and you know
once she had put the barley and or lentils into the soup it tasted great and
really filled you up, what I remember is that there was always enough for
seconds.
The preparing of foods and the idea of bulking it out are
survival skills that my Mum used every day without thinking; she just got on
with it and survived.
Perhaps it was because Mum had gone through the war (she was
in fighter command) and carried on her frugal ways after the war I used to
think that made her such a great cook and provider, but you know I was wrong it
was her Mum she once told me that had shown her how to go on.
My Mum’s generation all knew how to make do and they
accepted that having to do so was a way of life and nothing special.
Survivalists and Preppers alike should embrace these make do
methods as not only do they work, they are very economic too and I feel that
they should now be included in all our prepping and planning as they make
sense..
Thanks Mum, I miss you.

 

 

Growing your own vegetables
Growing your own vegetables is becoming more popular.
During
World War II this country was told to ‘dig for victory’ so every patch of
suitable ground was used to produce the crops to feed the nation. This reduced
the quantities which up until then were imported and reduced the burden on the
embattled shipping industry.
Not only is it a great and rewarding pastime, the crops are
fresh, taste better and the vitamins and other benefits they contain, such as
antioxidants, are more potent. Some of the crops come under the description of
so-called Super foods which contain higher proportions of these beneficial
compounds.
Growing your own food makes you part of the increasing
numbers of the Ooooby community – short for “out of our own back yard”.
This is the new term for people who raise some or all of their food themselves,
joining the list of acronyms which some like to adopt. Another term used is
Locavore which defines people who source their needs from home or local
producers.
With the current concerns about climate change, Economic
collapse, Terrorist CBRN attack, Nuclear accident.  It has been estimated that all of the
ingredients which make up the average family Christmas, clock up about 48,000
miles (that’s twice the circumference of the Earth).
These ‘food miles’ all
contribute to our carbon footprint, so as well as cutting down on the energy we
use directly, growing some vegetables in the garden is another way of doing
your bit to combat global warming.
Even when buying organic produce the food miles are a
consideration, many of them travel great distances before they reach the shops.
Some are imported from the other side of the world, while the locally grown
crops are cultivated with machinery then go to be packaged and to a central dispatch
depot before they are distributed to the supermarket.
T
he cut flower market clocks up even greater mileage so if
you like to have a display indoors, set aside a small area to grow some flowers
for cutting. This could be an area being left fallow as part of a crop rotation
cycle.
One way to reduce food miles is to go direct to the grower
and shop locally only.
Long before official allotment sites were available for the
landless to grow their own food, some people used what they regarded as common
land. After the English Civil War in the seventeenth century there was a food
shortage and a group known as the Diggers took it upon themselves to take over
plots of land to grow fruit and vegetables, as they believed large landowners
were misusing it.
To-day there are ‘new’ Diggers who use areas of derelict land
to grow crops.
Allotments have been around since the eighteenth century and
are supported by Acts of Parliament that control the size and the rent which
should be paid, eg. the rent for a 10 rod plot was about £20 per year in the
late 1990’s.
There is a renewed interest in allotments and it is more likely to
be younger people from the ‘professional classes’ who are signing up for
growing their own, rather than the traditional image of the flat-capped, retired
labourer of old.
In fact the majority of new allotment holders in Northern
Ireland are women (approx. 60%) and most sites have waiting lists.
One council allotment officer estimates that it requires 16
to 20 hours per week to keep the average plot in good order during the peak
growing season.
He also suggested that to show some sense of competence,
applicants should not arrive at his offices wearing stilettos if they want to
have any chance of obtaining a plot!
So if not familiar with some hard work or would not be able
to commit that amount of time to a vegetable plot, it may not be the route to
take – or consider sharing with a friend or two.
Visit any allotment site and
there are numerous plots which have been abandoned, much to the annoyance of the
other tenants who have to suffer the weeds and pests they harbour
If growing vegetables at home with restricted space, you can
try a few among the flowers. Clear a small patch or two and sow some lettuce,
beetroot or spring onions – or try using large containers.
A Potager can be a
neat way to add vegetables to the ornamental garden.
A series of beds are laid out in a formal pattern with
stones or low hedges around their edges and the vegetables can be planted
within these boundaries to some sort of design. Colourful varieties of many
vegetables are available, eg. bright red or yellow chard and peas with purple
pods.
Not all ground is suitable for growing food. It is important
to consider any previous activity which may have left a residue of
contaminants.
If the area has been used for burning rubbish there could be some
dioxins which are combustion products of plastics and electrical equipment,
also unsafe levels of heavy metals from paints and some printed material.
Vegetables require an open position with full sunshine for
much of the day, but with shelter from strong winds. Yields can be increased by
about 30% in a sheltered spot.
As a general rule a barrier will reduce the wind
speed by about 50% for about eight times its height, so if a hedge is 2 metres
high, crops at ground level up to 16 metres away should benefit significantly
from it.
The barrier should be porous, allowing about 50% of the wind to filter
through, a solid structure diverts the flow, but can cause eddies which swirl
around behind it.
Preparing the Site
When preparing a vegetable plot it can be very daunting –
faced with a blank piece of ground usually infested with weeds. Often an
allotment will have been neglected for a few years as the previous tenant may
not have been able to tend it, but hung on to it in the hope that they might
return.
A good way to tackle the work is to divide it into four
areas for rotating annual crops plus one for more permanent planting such as
rhubarb, herbs and soft fruit.
Crop rotation is important to reduce the
build-up of pests and diseases, also crops use up the nutrients differently so
they can be depleted if the same one is planted repeatedly in the same place.
One of the problems with developing a plot from weedy
conditions or from pasture land is that there may be more pests such as
Leatherjackets and Wireworms. These pests live on the roots of plants so when
the weeds are removed they will turn on your crops.
When cultivating the soil destroy any that are found, birds
will help and Robins in particular tend to keep vigil as you work. Also there
will be a reservoir of weed seeds which will take quite a few years to be
depleted.
Some can remain viable for over 20 years, but their numbers will be
declining if they are not allowed to mature.
It is probably best to be planting in rows which run in a
North-South direction, which gives maximum light and fewer shadows.
Also if
including a shed or greenhouse, these should be placed at the northern end to
avoid shading any of the plot. If there are trees, large shrubs or a hedge
nearby, their roots may extend into the plot. This will mean a loss of moisture
and nutrients and the crops will suffer.
Smaller roots which reach beyond the
canopy can be severed to lessen the problem, but larger supporting roots
cannot, so if possible choose another site. Once they have been removed a
vertical barrier should prevent them from encroaching again.
Most people would prefer to grow food without resorting to
chemicals, but by suspending the practice for a few weeks, the clearing of a
new plot can be made much less of an effort by employing a total weed killer
such as Glyphosate.
It will kill all of the weeds and their roots, and it does
not leave a residue so the ground can be used when clearing is complete. To
ensure total removal leave the plot to see if any of the more stubborn ones are
dead and reapply if they recover.
This method will take longer than digging out
the weeds, but is much easier on the back!
Remove all of the weeds, skimming them off with the spade if
they are dense. Then dig over the area with a fork removing the remaining weed
roots and large stones. To add the manure remove a trench of soil to one
spade’s depth at one end and move it to just beyond the far end.
Dig the manure
into the bottom of this trench, being careful not to bring the subsoil into the
top layer, then turn the next row of spits on top of this.
Repeat this along the area incorporating more manure and
covering it with the turned over soil until the end when the soil from the
first trench is used to fill the last. This is a process known as
double-digging or as the gardeners of old called it ‘bastard trenching’ – for
obvious reasons.
If the ground has been cultivated before or is easily worked
the double-digging can be performed during the clearing operations.
This may seem a lot of work but the resulting bed will give
years of excellent production. If you are not accustomed to this kind of work,
then it should be tackled in small segments over a number of weeks when the
weather is suitable. The rest of the plot can be treated the same way later on
or the following year, depending on its size and the energy of the gardener.
A simpler rotation can be followed on a three year cycle by
including the potatoes with the root crops or leaving them out entirely if
space does not allow. The choice of crops is for the individual.
DIY Pest Control
DIY pest control often is the last thing on our mind but
with a few simple considerations added to our home maintenance regime,
preventing disaster can be a straightforward affair.
Of course, if you
experience a major infestation, then it is essential to seek professional
assistance. But like all things, prevention is the best medicine!
Imagine now having an infestation during a SHTF situation
and you have decided to Bug-In
Regular ground maintenance can contribute to home pest
control measures. Do not allow your backyard to become a habitat for unwanted
guests. Clear away leaf litter and garden debris.
Clean your gutters regularly
and prune back plants. Avoid stacking wood close to your home. Termites and
ants thrive in these environments. Remove junk from your back yard and garage.
This will eliminate nesting sites for unwanted pests. Do not
allow water to sit in stagnant conditions, such as garden pots. These become
breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Good DIY pest control aims to deny vermin
access to your home.
Fix any plumbing leaks in and around your home. Damp wood is
disastrous as it creates the perfect environment for termites and ants. These
pests quickly cause irreversible damage which can cost you thousands.
Maintaining door and window screens will prevent even the smallest of insects
from entering your house.
Check that there is a tight seal around your doors.
Seal any cracks in your homes’ foundations and exterior walls.
This will block pests from entering your home. Seal around
appliance vents and utility lines too. Pigeons, rats and mice will take up
lodgings in attics and crawl spaces if you haven’t installed barriers.
Alarmingly, these critters not only damage your home, they
also carry parasites that could lead to ghastly infestations.
DYI Pest control also protects the health of your family.
Keep a tidy kitchen.
Foods and dishes left out overnight invite unwanted dinner
guests! Food dribbled down the sides of ovens and even toaster crumbs create
smorgasbords for disease carrying creatures.
Store foods tightly packaged in pantries and clean out the
shelves regularly. De-cluttering your closets and general cleaning of carpets
and curtains will make your home less attractive to pests.
While pests can be a nuisance, they can also be very expensive
and dangerous to your home. For example, squirrels and rodents can become a
surprisingly big problem by entering a home and chewing on power cords,
potentially causing a fire.
Many pests will cause medical damage. For example,
cockroaches and flies are notorious for spreading diseases and those who are
suffering from an infestation will have to pay expensive medical bills when
they are hospitalized.
Even fleas spread disease to humans and can harm your
pets to where they need to be seen by a vet. Any pet owner knows that a vet
visit is no small expense.
Remember in a SHTF situation there will be no doctors or
vets to visit.

 

 

Cockroaches are not only gross and unsanitary, but they can
significantly worsen the air quality and those suffering from asthma may have
an attack because of the pest infestation. It is extremely important to take
action as soon as you notice an infestation.
Larger animals, including birds and rodents can often chew
through walls and will sometimes even start fires by chewing on power cords.
These pests also sometimes have rabies or other diseases that will require
immediate hospitalization.
Wildlife control and removal is very affordable and
will keep your home safe from damage and your family protected from the many
disease’s they carry.
One of the main reasons why early pest control can save
people money is because infestations will always worsen over time. Any type of
pest infestation will not go away of disappear on its own you will need to deal
with it.
When ants discover a food source, they will inform other
ants of the location of the food source and the number of ants in the home will
grow quickly.
When cockroaches decide to build a nest in a home, they will
quickly multiply.

 

 

The longer that the cockroach infestation lasts, the harder
it will be to eliminate and the greater the extent of the infestation which can
make it to where the pests can actually worsen the owners quality of life.
Mice, rats, and other rodents have many physical abilities
that rival the abilities of larger animals. For example, most mice and rats
have extremely flexible spines and necks that allow them to climb inside very
small openings in air ducts, buildings, vehicles and other large objects.
Moreover, rodents can hear sounds that are up to five times higher than what a
human can hear.
They can also jump up to 10 times higher than the length of
their bodies. These physical abilities make eliminating rodents from people’s
homes difficult because rodents use these abilities to avoid most extermination
remedies.
Most rodents pose several dangers to humans. For example,
rodents can transmit bacteria and viruses that can cause stomach problems,
acute fevers, rabies, plague and other dangerous maladies.
Many rodents
transmit these bacteria and viruses directly through direct contact with their
fur, skin, urine and bowel movements.
Moreover, many people are exposed to these bacteria and
viruses when they are bitten or scratched by a rodent. People can also be
exposed by the simple act of trying to clean up the mess left by a rodent and
the rodents’ faces.
Rodents also engage in destructive behaviours that pose a
serious threat to you and property. For example, mice enjoy chewing on plumbing
fixtures, electrical wiring, furniture and drywall. Many rat species also enjoy
scratching on upholstery and curtains.
Signs of a Rodent
Infestation
Droppings
Most mice and rat droppings are brown or black coloured
objects that look like small pellets. Most of them will be located near their
nests or favourite feeding sites.
Urine
Usually, rodents urinate near feeding areas and favourite
pathways. It will usually have a very harsh ammonia-like odour that is hard to
miss. It will also glow in the dark when a UV light is passed over it.
Gnaw Marks
Rats leave gnaw marks on doors, windows and containers. Rats
have to gnaw on objects that have a hard surface to prevent their teeth from
growing through the roof of their mouths. Mice also leave marks, but they tend
to be smaller in size.
Noise Problems
Rodents make noises when they gnaw, climb and eat.
Sometimes, you may be able to hear squeaking sounds, low scampering noises, and
a small commotion when the rodents fight. Most of these noises occur at night
when the rodents are active.
Odour
It is common for homes with a rodent infestation to have a
bad or musky smell in the vicinity where the rodents are near.
Pet Disturbances
Your pet will probably be the first to notice if rodents are
in the vicinity. Look for signs of your pet being in distress, or if they begin
smelling, barking, and pawing at a certain area in your home.
Stains or Smudges
As we all know, rodents are not the cleanest animals. If you
see some stains or smudges on your walls by the floor, or at the baseboards,
then you might have a rodent problem. These stains are caused by the oil,
grease, and dirt from the rodents’ fur rubbing off onto the walls or baseboards
as they walk by.
Nests
If you spot a nesting site than you definitely have a rodent
infestation. The nests will be made of any material that the rodents were able
to acquire. It might be made of twigs, plant material, shredded paper, torn up
or shredded fabric, grass, or another soft material.
You may remember that about a fourth of the population of
Europe in the 14th century died from the bubonic plague, directly as a result
of flea bites.
Rats were the carriers, but your animals today do not
distinguish between fleas that have bitten squirrels or rats. Antibiotics today
prevent the kind of catastrophe that occurred in Europe, but fleas still carry harmful
diseases.
A person can get cat-scratch fever or typhus from a flea bite. At
minimum, flea bites are a nuisance to people that can cause relentless itching
and skin infections.
In some cases, people are actually allergic to the saliva
from the fleas, which will result in a rash around the bite.
You as preppers need to include within your survival prepps
some pest control equipment and know how to use it.
Is the UK Next?
On March 16, 2012, President Obama issued an executive order
entitled, “NATIONAL DEFENSE RESOURCES PREPAREDNESS.”
(http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2012/03/16/executive-order…)
This executive order states that the President alone has the
authority to take over all resources in the nation (labour, food, industry,
etc.) as long as it is done “to promote the national defence” — a
phrase so vague that it could mean practically anything.
The power to seize control and take over these resources is
delegated to the following government authorities:
(1) the Secretary of Agriculture with respect to food
resources, food resource facilities, livestock resources, veterinary resources,
plant health resources, and the domestic distribution of farm equipment and
commercial fertilizer;
(2) The Secretary of Energy with respect to all forms of
energy;
(3) The Secretary of Health and Human Services with respect
to health resources;
(4) The Secretary of Transportation with respect to all
forms of civil transportation;
(5) The Secretary of Defence with respect to water
resources; and
(6) The Secretary of Commerce with respect to all other
materials, services, and facilities, including construction materials.
This takeover is designed, in part, to “stockpile
supplies” for the U.S. military. 
Authority for this total takeover of all
national resources is granted with nothing more than the writing of a single
statement that claims these actions are necessary to “promote the national
defence.” As stated in the order:
The authority delegated by section 201 of this order may be
used only to support programs that have been determined in writing as necessary
or appropriate to promote the national defence:
By the Secretary of Defence with respect to military
production and construction, military assistance to foreign nations, military
use of civil transportation, stockpiles managed by the Department of Defence,
space, and directly related activities;
What all this means is that the U.S. government now claims
the power to simply march onto your farm with guns drawn and demand all your
crops, seeds, livestock and farm equipment.
Think I’m exaggerating? Read it yourself!
And for those living in denial that refuse to accept the
reality of what’s happening in America, remember the following:
Obama has seized control over all food, farms, livestock,
water and transportation across America.
How many brain-dead Americans will
continue to live in denial and try to convince themselves this is not
happening? Sticking your head in the sand does not make this go away…
New Zealand’s laws to ban citizens from trading home grown
food has chilling effects on urban farming.
In response to a growing demand for urban agriculture, and
an ever lengthening list of threats to food security, city governments all over
the world have been faced with the challenge to augment city planning and
municipal codes to address the introduction of the rural into the urban.
Not all of these changes, however, have been in support of
urban agriculture.  Such is the case of
New Zealand’s Food Bill 160-2, introduced in 2010, which has imposed abhorrent
restrictions to trading home grown food in the name of international food
safety.
The bill has extended the government’s authority over any
business or individual who sells, barters, donates or offers food as a trade
sample.
The definition of food has been
stretched beyond simply produce and value-added items (such as jams and
preserves), but also to seeds, natural, herbal based medicines, minerals, and
any nutrient or ingredient which goes into a beverage (such as garden herbs to
make tea).
The Food Bill and its equally repugnant companion, the
Natural Health Products Bill, are a result of New Zealand’s compliance to the
Codex Alimentarius, a set of international food regulations and guidelines
which members of the World Trade Organization are subject to.
This means that food regulations meant to
address food for export now apply to all local food production.
The Codex Alimentarius seeks to establish a unified set of
international food regulations so that consumers can be assured that foods
imported into their country meet the same level of safety requirements as their
own domestic products.
The codex is not
mandatory for participating WTO members, however, many like New Zealand have
adopted the set of standards as a basis for their own legislation.
Nobody escapes the
taxman
Essentially, the Food Bill makes selling or trading home
grown fruit and vegetables a criminal offense, worthy of 5 years imprisonment
and penalty fees of up to $100,000, unless you gain exemption or become
registered as a food business.
So if you would like to trade some home grown tomatoes with
a neighbour for a few of their oranges, or perhaps your honey for a friend’s
jam, you have to register as a food business subject to taxation, regulation,
and possible registration fees.
Enforcement
Furthermore, making such activities against the law if
unregistered means that all it would take is a call from a competitor or
disgruntled neighbour to find a Food Safety Officer at your doorstep.
One might not think of home grown food in need of regulation
as including “fruit, vegetables, herbs, spices, nuts, cereal grains, seeds,
fungi, grasses, or any components extracted or gathered from horticultural
produce,” but the drafters of the Food Bill certainly did.
Produce is a given when defining what should
be considered as food, but should the seeds and seedlings that it comes from be
as well?
By regulating the sale and trade of seeds, the government is
heavily restricting what kind of food will be available in the future for the
public to grow.
Instead of swapping
heirloom varieties with neighbours and green thumbed friends, control over
plant variety is instead being handed over to seed companies, thus greatly
reducing biodiversity and the public’s control over what they can eat.
First they went for America, now they are going for New
Zealand.  
Are we next – here in Britain?
Some thoughts besides the first ones that might occur to
people, ie:
How to keep growing our own food freely
How to do seed swaps
But what about our food banks?
What about our Harvest Festivals?
If someone/somewhere In Authority decided they had it in for
you personally…then they could (in theory) play silly b*****s and “have
a go” just for handing someone a drink of water.
Never put it past a “jobs worth” who doesn’t like
you personally or is out to protect their job from even looking for petty
stupid little things to quote against you.
Of course, it’s not an Obama thing. Bush was much the same
Cameron will follow his leader, so It’s not the name of the person in the Oval
Office or at No10 who matters; it’s the fundamental lack of principles and
ethics reflected across governments today.
Instead of protecting the rights of
the People, today’s corrupt governments are little more than criminal gangs who
steal power and resources for themselves (and their connected buddies) while
destroying the economy and stealing everything in sight from the real workers
upon whose sweat-drenched backs our countries where  built.
Whittling
Whittling is a great pastime for the man who wants to craft
something, but may not have the room or tools to say, build a dining room
table. Or for the man looking for something meditative to help him centre his
thoughts.
Or simply for the guy who wants to while away time on a
camping trip. It’s one of the cheapest and most accessible hobbies you can take
up–all you need is a knife and some wood.
I can’t say I ever whittled a pumpkin-straw trombone or a
little windmill, but as a boy I did pare many a stray twig into a tiny spear
(small, yet surely capable of downing a saber-tooth tiger if needed be).
Now as a grown man I’m always looking for ways to settle my
mind and new hobbies to try my hand at. When I think of relaxation, my mind
often turns to the old man sitting on the porch in a rocking chair, a knife in
one hand, a piece of wood in the other.
And so recently I decided to explore my
boyhood pastime in greater depth. Today I’d like to share what I’ve learned
with you about how to get started with whittling.
The Wood
Softwoods are the best for whittling because they cut nice
and easy.  After you’ve learned the
basics of whittling, feel free to move on to harder woods. No matter which kind
of wood you use, look for wood with a straight grain as it is easier to whittle
than wood that has the grain going in multiple directions.
Avoid wood with lots of knots–those are a sod
to whittle.
You can check your local timber yard or D.I.Y. store as they
often carry a variety of softwoods that are good for whittling. I on the other
hand like to go into the woods and find a piece of wood that looks good to me
as a piece of wood I want to carve.
Lime wood or Linden has been used for millennia for woodcarving.
During the Middle Ages, it was the preferred wood of German sculptors who
crafted elaborate altar pieces. It’s a good wood to whittle with because it’s
soft and doesn’t have much grain.
You can pick up Lime wood  blocks in various sizes at your timber yard
for a reasonable price. By the way if you have heard of that famous shopping
street in Berlin “Unter dem Linden” it means “Under the Limes”.
Pine is another traditional whittling wood. It’s soft, cuts
easily, and is readily available. But it has its drawbacks. Some whittlers
think pine doesn’t hold detail very well.
And if you’re using a fresh pine twig
or branch, you’ll have to regularly clean the sticky sap off your knife while
you’re whittling.
Balsa wood is a soft, inexpensive, lightweight wood that’s
perfect for beginning whittlers. You can buy it by the boatloads at craft and
hobby shops.
The Knife
For generations, whittlers have used nothing but their
trusty pocket knife to create ruggedly handsome works of art.  And some whittling purists will argue that
the pocket knife is the only acceptable tool for true whittling.
Pocket knives
are certainly an excellent choice because they’re so portable. Anytime you find
a good piece of wood, you can just whip out your pocket knife and start sculpting
your wooden masterpiece.
Another benefit of pocket knives is that they provide
multiple blade types in a single knife. When you need to do some more intricate
carving, you can simply open up your smaller more flexible blade.
Need to make
bigger cuts? Use the larger knife blade.
I have to used my multy-tool for whittling with very good
results.
Several types of specialty whittling knives exist on the
market today. Unlike pocket knives, they’re fixed blade, meaning they don’t
fold. Fixed blades offer a bit more sturdiness than what you get with a folding
knife.
Another nice feature of specialty whittling knives is that they often
have curved handles that fit comfortably in your hand to help reduce fatigue
during long whittling sessions.
The First Rule of Whittling: Keep Your Knife Sharp
If you want your whittling experience to be pleasurable and
relaxing, keep your knife sharp. The first time I tried my hand at whittling
when I was around 10 years old, I noticed that the wood was getting harder and
harder to cut.
I figured it must have been the wood, so I just soldiered on,
applying more and more pressure with the knife. After my hands started aching a
lot, it finally dawned on me that my knife probably needed some sharpening.
After a few strokes on the sharpening stone and strop, I
started carving again. It was like I was carving a warm block of butter. The
blade glided right through the wood.
Now, whenever I feel the wood getting harder to cut, I stop
and sharpen my knife.
Don’t know how to sharpen a knife? No worries. We’ve got you
covered:
How Not To Get Blood All Over Your Project
The first time I attempted some serious whittling (not just
carving a twig into a spear point), I kind of went at it like a bull in a china
shop. I thought, “Hey, I’ve used knives my whole life. I’m pretty sure I can
carve this piece of wood without coming close to cutting myself.”
Pride goeth before the fall let me tell you
About five minutes in, the knife blade slipped from the wood
and went right into my palm, opening up a nice-sized cut. I pressed on, but I
ended up getting blood all over my project. Another ten minutes in, the blade
slid off a knot and glanced my index finger.
More blood. At this point, my wood
was slippery with hemoglobin, so I had to stop.
To avoid the same bloody fate as me, I offer the following
whittling safety tips:
Take it slow. There is no need to rush! Whittling is
supposed to be relaxing and meditative. When you get in a hurry with your cuts,
that’s when accidents happen. Make every cut slow and controlled.
Keep your knife sharp. Obeying the first rule of whittling
will not only ensure better cuts, it will also ensure that you keep all your
fingers. Instead of cutting, dull blades have a tendency to glance off the wood
and head right towards your hand.
While the blade might not be sharp enough to
cut wood, it’s usually still sharp enough to cut human flesh.
Wear gloves when you first start. Until you get comfortable
with the different knife strokes, I’d recommend wearing a pair of leather work
gloves when you first start whittling. Yes, the gloves feel a little cumbersome
at first, but you quickly adjust.
If you don’t wear gloves, use a thumb pad.
The thumb on your
knife-holding hand tends to get the brunt of the nicks and glances. To protect
your thumb, wear a thumb pad. They’re really cheap–you can buy leather thumb
pads on Amazon for round-about £1.
The problem with these is when they wear out, you’ll have to
buy another set. Another solution that works just as well is duct tape. Before
you start whittling, simply wrap your knife-holding thumb with duct tape.
To
avoid getting sticky stuff on your thumb, use this technique:
Wrap one layer of duct tape around your thumb with the
sticky side facing out. Wrap it tight enough so it won’t slip off, but not so
tight that you lose circulation to your thumb.
Then wrap a couple of layers of duct tape around your thumb
with the sticky side facing in. Four or five layers should do the trick.
Wood Grain
Sometimes it’s easy to tell the direction of the grain on a
piece of wood simply by looking at it. But oftentimes it’s not that obvious. If
you’re having a hard time deciphering which way the grain is going, start
making some small shallow cuts in your wood. Cuts made with the grain will peel
away smoothly; cuts made against the grain will give resistance and eventually
split.
Generally, you want most of your cuts to go with the wood’s
grain. Cuts against the grain cause your wood to tear, split, and just plain
look ugly. Plus, the resistance the wood gives when you cut against the grain
makes whittling much more difficult.
Don’t get frustrated if you lose track of which way the
grain runs while you’re in the middle of the project. It happens to most people
when they’re first getting started with woodworking of any kind. It happened to
me at least. Just keep practicing, and you’ll eventually get a feel for
figuring out wood grain.
Types of Whittling
Cuts
Several cutting styles exist in whittling, but we’ll just
stick with the basics for the purposes of this article. The directions assume
you’re right-handed. Simply flip them if you’re a southpaw.
Straightaway Rough Cutting
Use this cut at the very beginning of your project to carve
your project’s general shape. Hold the wood in your left hand and your knife
firmly in your right. Make a long, sweeping cut with the grain and away from
your body. Don’t cut too deep or you might split the wood. Make several, thin
slices to reduce the wood to the desired size and shape.
Pull Stroke (Pare
Cut)
If you’ve ever seen an old-timer whittle, chances are you
saw him using the pull stroke. It’s the most used cut in whittling. To perform
this cut, imagine you’re paring an apple. Hold the wood in your left hand, the
knife in your right with the blade facing towards you.
Brace your right thumb
against the wood, and squeeze your right fingers in order to draw the blade to
your right thumb. Make your stroke short and controlled. Keep your right thumb
out of the path of the blade. For added safety, wear a thumb pad.
The pull stroke gives you lots of control over your blade
and is best for detailed cuts.
Push Stroke (Thumb
Pushing)
Sometimes where you want to cut won’t allow you to do the
pull stroke. That’s when it’s time to use the push stroke. Hold the wood in
your left hand and the knife firmly in your right hand with the blade facing
away from you. Place both your right and left thumbs on the back of the knife
blade.
Push the blade forward with your left thumb while your right thumb and
fingers guide the blade through the wood.
The push stroke, like the pull stroke, gives you greater
control over your knife for detailed cuts.
What to Whittle
So you have your tools and wood and know the basic cuts.
Now, what do you whittle?
For beginners, I’d suggest you keep it simple. Beginners
should start by whittling an egg as their first project. Yes, an egg. I know,
not very exciting. But a simple project like an egg is a good way to introduce
beginning whittlers to the law of wood grains.
After you’ve mastered the egg, you can move on to some
simple patterns. Cowboy boots are a popular whittling project as well as
animals. You can buy books with ready-to-go whittling patterns.
All you have to
do is simply transfer the pattern to your wood and start whittling.
Or you could just sort of wing it and make up your own
pattern. I thought it would be cool to whittle a duck’s head, so I took a piece
of wood, drew an outline of a duck’s head on both sides of it, and started
whittling.
When I had finished I knew it was a duck LOL
A Scorpion is a Scorpion
The following is a little parable that has application to a
wide variety of wilderness survival and even human social situations.
“Don’t feed the wildlife” comes to mind and I am
sure everybody knows at least a scorpion or two among people they come in
contact with.
Playing with
Scorpions
A wandering dog came upon a swift stream where stood a
scorpion that wanted to cross. The scorpion asked the dog if he would swim
across the stream with the scorpion on his back.
“But you’ll sting me”, replied the dog.
“No I won’t”, said the scorpion. “And I would
greatly appreciate the help you have given me”.
“OK”, replied the good natured dog. “Crawl up
onto my back and I will take you across to the other side”.
So the scorpion crawls up onto the dog’s back and the dog
swims him safely across.
Upon reaching dry ground on the other side of the
stream the scorpion promptly stings the dog.
“Why did you do that?”, the dog gasped as he lay
dying.
“Hey, I’m a scorpion – what do you expect?”,
replied the scorpion.
Recognize Scorpions in all Their Forms a very important
survival skill is the ability to recognize scorpions in all their forms, both
in the flesh and figuratively.
Through awareness of the intrinsic nature of things, you can
see beyond the surface and increase your chances of living to another day.
Has Anyone Tried This
Your compass is a measuring tool that can be adapted to a variety
of needs. It can be used to measure more than just direction.
You can use your magnetic compass to determine the width of
a stream or small body of water without having to get wet.
This quick and easy
method of determining distance using a compass may just come in handy. In any
case, it is always a good trick you can use to amaze your fellow survivors.
Here is how it is done.
Standing at the edge of the water, sight an object directly
across from you on the far bank. Take a compass reading on this object and mark
the spot where you are standing.
Walk along the stream until the compass reading to the same
object across the stream changes by 45-degrees and mark this spot also. Now
measure the distance between the two marks you set.
This will be equal to the
distance between the first mark and the object you sighted across the stream.
For example:
Say you are standing next to a stream and directly across
from you on the opposite bank is a large tree. Take out your compass and sight
the tree.
Let’s pretend the compass reads 300-degrees (Azimuth type compass) or
S30W (Quadrant type compass).
Mark this spot and then walk either downstream or upstream
until the compass sighting on the same tree reads 45-degrees in either
direction from your first reading (either 255-degrees or 345-degrees on an
azimuth type compass, S15E or N15W on a quadrant type compass).
Mark this position also. The width of the stream is equal to
the distance between your two marks on the ground. If you have practiced pacing
(and every survivor should) you can count the number of paces between the two
marks and calculate the width of the stream.
Dear Mr. Cameron
Please find below my suggestion for fixing the UK ‘s
economy.
Instead of giving billions of pounds to banks that will
squander the money on lavish parties and unearned
bonuses, use the following plan.
You can call it the
Patriotic Retirement Plan:
There are about 10 million people over 50 in the
work force.
Pay them £1 million each severance for early retirement with
the following stipulations:
1) They MUST retire.
Ten million job openings – unemployment fixed
2) They MUST buy a new British car.
Ten million cars ordered – Car Industry fixed
3) They MUST either buy a house or pay off their mortgage –
Housing Crisis fixed
4) They MUST send their kids to school/college/university –
Crime rate fixed
5) They MUST buy £100 WORTH of alcohol/tobacco a week …..
And there’s your money back in duty/tax etc
It can’t get any easier than that!
P.S. If more money is
needed, have all members of parliament pay back their falsely claimed expenses
and second home allowances
If you think this would work, please forward to everyone you
know.
Also……
Let’s put the pensioners in jail and the criminals in a
nursing home..
This way the pensioners would have access to showers,
hobbies and walks.
They’d receive unlimited free prescriptions, dental and
medical treatment, wheel chairs etc and they’d receive money instead of paying
it out.
They would have constant video monitoring, so they could be
helped instantly, if they fell, or needed assistance.
Bedding would be washed twice a week, and all clothing would
be ironed and returned to them.
A guard would check on them every 20 minutes and bring their
meals and snacks to their cell.
They would have family visits in a suite built for that
purpose.
They would have access to a library, weight room, spiritual
counselling, pool and education.
Simple clothing, shoes, slippers, PJ’s and legal aid would
be free, on request.
Private, secure rooms for all, with an exercise outdoor
yard, with gardens.
Each senior could have a PC a TV radio and daily phone
calls.
There would be a board of directors to hear complaints, and
the guards would have a code of conduct that would be strictly adhered to.
The criminals however
would get cold food, be left all alone and unsupervised. Lights off at 8pm, and
showers once a week. Live in a tiny room and pay £600.00 per week and have no
hope of ever getting out.
Think about this (more points of contention):
COWS
Is it just me, or does anyone else find it amazing that
during the mad cow epidemic our government could track a single cow, born in
Appleby almost three years ago, right to the stall where she slept in the
county of Cumbria?
And, they even tracked her calves to their stalls. But they
are unable to locate 125,000 illegal immigrants wandering around our country.
Maybe we should give each of them a cow.
————————————————————————
Finally
Think about this … If you don’t want to forward this for
fear of offending someone — YOU ARE PART OF THE PROBLEM! It is time for us
grumpy old folk of Britain to speak up!
Poaching is Not What it Was
Once, the poacher was a man with big pockets in his raincoat
sneaking on to an aristocrat’s land to steal game for his family pot. Now he is
likely to be part of a gang from town, in it for hard cash, rampaging through
the countryside with guns, crossbows or snares.
Police in rural areas across Britain are reporting a
dramatic increase in poaching, as the rise in food prices and the reality of
recession increases the temptation to deal in stolen venison, salmon, or rarer
meat and fish.
Organised and sometimes armed gangs of poachers are accused
of behaving dangerously, intimidating residents, causing damage to crops or to
gates and fences.
Squads have also been out in the countryside
“lamping”, poachers using lights to transfix animals.

 

 

There have even been reports of drive-by poachers, aiming
guns through the open windows of moving vehicles to pick off deer or other
game. Others go about their work more discreetly, knowing that in some parts of
the countryside, if they are careful, their activities can pass unnoticed for
weeks.
Here in North Yorkshire recently two whole flocks of sheep
have been stolen.
Animals from the smallest shellfish to stags are in danger.
Last month, a survey team who visited a river in a remote part of Scotland,
were shocked to find that poachers had stolen mussels, with a potential value
of nearly £20,000, from the river bed. They were prised from the bed of the
South Esk river, near Brechin, Angus.
Freshwater mussels have been protected by law since 1998. To
kill, injure or disturb the habitat of a single mussel is punishable by a fine
of £10,000, implying that the South Esk poachers, if caught, could face a fine
of £1.3m.
A single pearl can fetch £150, and a necklace can be worth
£15,000, but the poachers may have difficulty making that sort of money,
because jewellers are banned by law from buying loose pearls.
“This was not an opportunistic half-hour in the river,”
Peter Cosgrove, the scientist in charge of the survey team that discovered the
crime, said. “We worked hard to find these mussel beds and that suggests
the pearl fishers must have made a similar effort.
They would have had to have
systematically been in the river for many days. In all my years doing this type
of survey, this might be the largest kill I’ve seen.”
Last week, rural landowners and businesses in Scotland
launched a new campaign to get the public to report instances of poaching or
illegal hare or deer coursing.
Scotland’s National Wildlife Crime Unit has
records of 335 incidents of poaching in 18 months, with the numbers now running
at more than 20 a month.
During August, the number of recorded incidents was
22, almost double the previous year’s figure.
“Poaching is particularly common on the urban
fringes,” a spokesman for the Scottish Rural Property and Business
Association said. “It’s idiots going out into the country with guns, or crossbows. 
And there are snares being set by idiots, really for the hell of it. Salmon
poaching is on the increase.
This is not a case of stealing one for the pot: it’s on an
industrial scale. There are people trawling fish traps in the river beds that
will hold a dozen or two dozen fish.”
In Hampshire, poachers have struck 14 times in the past
month, and police have met local residents and warned them about taking the law
into their own hands. Incidents are now three times as common as they were a
year ago. One gamekeeper chased poachers from a farm near Corhampton at speeds
of up to 80mph, until they rammed his vehicle to ensure their escape. The
number of incidents reported in the area last month was three times the figure
for the same period in 2007. Charlie Flindt, of Manor Farm, near Alresford, in
Hampshire, said poachers were stealing deer, pheasants, partridges, and
chickens.
Two Shetland ponies have also been stolen, though unlike the stolen
game, they may not be destined for the cooking pot.
“I was born in that house across the yard, and for the
first time in 47 years I’m keeping a baseball bat beside the back door,”
he said recently.
“I have to do nightly sweeps of the fields. We are
angry, and we are very scared, and someone is going to get hurt at this
rate.”
In Wales, the Welsh Assembly launched an environment action
plan last month to combat wildlife crime, a category that covers poaching and
other offences such as the killing of birds of prey, or badger-baiting, which
used to be prevalent in South Wales although the culprits seem to have shifted
their activities to west Carmarthenshire or Gloucestershire.
One of the more unusual prosecutions brought by wildlife
officers in Wales involved the theft of 200,000 wild bluebell bulbs in North
Wales, for which two men were arrested and fined £7,000.
Yorkshire police have also warned landowners to be on the
look-out after complaints that poaching is on the increase. 
This month, police
stopped a van in Wetherby High Street. In it they found four men, all from
Bradford, dressed in camouflage, with three lurcher dogs, lighting equipment,
and a large number of freshly caught rabbits and hares.
The men are to appear
before magistrates.
In Henley-on-Thames, in south Oxfordshire, the local MP,
John Howell, has asked police to meet farmers and gamekeepers furious about the
increase in poaching, after several dead hares and vehicles tracks were found
on two farms.
The owner of the farms, Michael Colston, said recently:
“What I really fear is that with 10 attacks in just
three weeks, some people are beginning to talk about taking the law into their
own hands. Something could very well happen. I am very much against this, of
course, but these gamekeepers, farmers and residents are terrified.”
And it is not just rural areas that are being targeted. 
On
Hampstead Heath, in north London, a woman out walking her dog last week had a
scare when the animal emerged from a dip in the pond with blood pouring from
his mouth, after an illegal three-prong hook left by poachers had caught in its
tongue.
Dr Colin Shedden, the Scottish director of the British
Association for Shooting and Conservation said: “Poaching has become an
increasingly common problem over the past 10 years.
Such offences are not
usually committed by local people, but more likely by serious criminals
travelling some distance.

 

 

“There are many aspects to these crimes, and poaching
can involve different species, especially those with high resale value such as
salmon and venison.”
The president of the Country Land and Business Association,
Henry Aubrey-Fletcher, said deer-poaching posed a particular danger. “Many
poachers are inexperienced shots and there are risks of the animal being only
wounded and not killed outright,” he said. “If they are shooting at
night and on ground they do not know there is also a raised risk of
accidentally shooting someone or something else by mistake.”
Financially times are tough and they are going to get
tougher I believe so these incidences will increase and may even put the normal
countryside citizen in mortal danger.
Whatever is the outcome it can only make it even more
difficult for the “Normal” everyday poacher who wishes only to feed his family
with one for the pot.
Getting Along With Difficult People
Some people are just easier to work with than others. In a
survival situation, lives can depend upon successfully navigating a challenging
relationship. These methods can help.
FIRST – REALIZE THAT
YOU AREN’T THE ONLY PERSON WITH THIS PROBLEM.
Many difficulties arise when someone is convinced of his
‘chronic uniqueness.’ This is the belief that one’s history, circumstances,
wants, needs, requirements and desires are so different that no one could
possibly understand or be trusted to make decisions affecting him.
Telling this person he is mistaken will place him on the
defensive and cause more time-consuming conflict. Recognize this self-deception
for what it is and avoid taking offense when you see it in others while
guarding against it in your own thinking.
SECOND — DON’T
EXPECT OTHERS TO SOOTHE YOUR EMOTIONS.
Others shouldn’t have to listen to you whine. It sounds harsh,
but lives could be at risk. Your companions don’t need to be reminded of your
emotional turmoil at every opportunity.
Your willingness to avoid complaining
will add to your value as a team member.
Save the details of your inner struggles for a journal.
Communicate information as it is necessary. Endeavour to be an encourager.
Conversing about the positive points of your circumstance is a way to redirect
your thoughts while helping others.
THIRD – ACCEPT YOUR
RESPONSIBILITY IN THE MATTER.
If you habitually blame others for conflict, it places the
group dynamic at risk. It ISN’T just the other person’s problem. Red flags that
you are contributing to difficulties are if someone avoids your company, finds
excuses for leaving the area when you arrive, or routinely discounts your
input. If this is the case, here are a couple of steps that may help:
STEP ONE: Stop
spreading the dirt.
When people discuss their difficulties with others, it is in
your best interest to change the subject and not take part in such
conversations. If your team member suspects you are speaking about him, it will
cause a rift. This broken trust can lead to resentment that is displayed in
actions and attitude. Your companion becomes just what you painted him to be by
responding to your damaging words.
STEP TWO: Focus on
strengths and abilities.
Look for opportunities to say something genuinely positive
about your team member. Do this even if he is not within earshot. It helps YOU
to take inventory of strengths and abilities rather than cataloguing irritating
traits. Refocus your thoughts when you find yourself falling into this habit.
This will help you be less abrasive towards this person without having to put
on a front.
FOURTH – DON’T OFFER
PLATITUDES AND EXPECT A GOOD RESPONSE.
Many people think social niceties are essential for good
group dynamics. A crumbling group dynamic isn’t helped when pleasantries are
extended without underlying goodwill. Nice manners ALONE aren’t enough to
smooth over serious fractures – and poor manners aren’t a serious enough
offense over which to engage in a bitter battle.
FIFTH – BE WILLING TO
LOSE THE BATTLE IN ORDER TO WIN THE WAR.
Often, both parties are too proud, too bitter or too hostile
to reconcile their differences. Remember, the goal is to survive, not to be
proven right. Don’t nag or pressure others to conform to your way of thinking.
It’s true: ‘A man convinced against his will is of the same opinion still’ —
AND . . . he’s pretty ticked off at being manipulated.
When you set an example of flexibility and refuse to hold
grudges, you inspire others to follow your lead. Set aside behaviours that
cause conflict and demonstrate your willingness to contribute to the welfare of
the group.
Your willingness to patiently make an effort to get along can help
make the best of a bad circumstance.

 

Looking after your teeth
I have not looking into the dental aspects of emergency
preparedness. True dental health comes from within your body and teeth via your
nutrition levels and enamel hardness comes from the nutrients in your diet.
Having a heart problem myself I am well aware of the dangers
of getting a heart disease or infection just because of bad dental hygiene.
It’s no surprise that the more vitamins and minerals that
your body is able to absorb, the healthier you will stay. Maintaining a proper
diet that is rich in high protein meats, grains and a combination of fruits and
vegetables benefits your overall health.
If a long-term emergency were to occur where your daily
vitamin intake suddenly decreases, or you fail to properly care for your teeth
because of lack of dental supplies, then your overall health, as well as your
teeth may suffer and degrade.
As a result, teeth could abscess and cause bacterial
infections that can cause serious health conditions. I recommend that you try
and prevent these dental problems by storing vitamins.
Taking vitamins during a long-term emergency will assist in
regulating body functions, continued mental alertness, assist in maintaining
good eye sight, as well as keep teeth and gums healthy.  However, they will do no good if you do not
take them regularly. Some vitamins and minerals to consider for long-term
preparedness are:
General Multivitamin: This basic multivitamin will provide
your body its basic daily vitamin and minerals. Buying the multivitamin for
mature adults will give a person increased levels of certain needed minerals
that may further improve health.
Vitamin A is responsible for maintaining healthy gums.
Without it, gum infections do not heal as fast and calculus tends to form more
quickly under the gums. Lack of vitamin A is also associated with abnormal bone
and tooth formation.
B vitamin deficiencies can make gingivitis more severe and
cause sores in the gums, tongue and other soft tissues in the mouth.
Without vitamin C your gums become more vulnerable to infection,
bleeding, and gum disease. A vitamin C deficiency makes whatever gum issues
problem you have much worse.
If you have periodontal disease, a lack of vitamin C
increases bleeding and swelling and accelerates destructive effects. Studies
have revealed that people who consume less of Vitamin C tend to be 25% more
likely to suffer from gum disease.
Vitamin D not only strengthens your immunity against
disease, but it also absorbs calcium that is needed for healthy teeth and also
assists in keeping the teeth anchored into their sockets. Vitamin D has been
shown to reduce gingivitis because of the anti- inflammatory effects of the
vitamin.
99% of the calcium in your body is in your bones and your
teeth.
Dietary calcium is needed to make sure they’re in good shape. It is
important to understand that the calcium that is present in bones and teeth is
constantly in a state of movement.
The calcium gets reabsorbed into the bloodstream if levels
are low, and it is put back into bones and teeth when levels are higher. This
is why Vitamin D is so important because it regulates this entire mechanism.
People with low intake of
Calcium and vitamin C are more likely to suffer from
periodontal disease. Children’s teeth need Calcium to develop properly.
Calcium alone cannot take all the credit for proper teeth
formation. In fact, about 85% of phosphorus in the body can be found in bones
and teeth. It has been found that vitamin D compliments this mineral by
boosting its effectiveness.
Vitamins tend to expire after a year.  However, there has been contradicting
information regarding taking medicines and vitamins after the expiration dates
have passed. Since the expiration date is probably conservative to ensure full
potency, and aimed at the manufacturer and store more than the consumer, taking
vitamins passed their expiration date will not put a person in danger.
However,
the potency of the vitamin may come into question if a person takes it passed
their expiration date.
Keeping vitamins in a cool, dark area of the home will ensure
they maintain their potency for as long as possible.  Over time, vitamins will gradually oxidize,
and become less effective.
It happens
faster if the environment you keep them in is humid (e.g. your kitchen or your
bathroom).
Urban Survival
Preparation– Testing the Bug Out Plan
The Urban Survivalist in Planning and having completed his
basic Survival Bug Out Bag, needs to develop the when the shit Hits The Fan”,
known by its acronym of SHTF, Bug Out plan.
The Urban Survivor will have to develop or otherwise have an
idea on when it is he needs to leave his urban environment for his safe haven
or BOL.
Human nature being what it is, that is hoping and expecting
things to get better – hoping that the government will fix things, may hold the
Urban Survivor back from leaving or delaying the departure to a point when it
becomes riskier.
Without stocks of food, the ability to provide security and
defence and a source of water, the Urban Survivor cannot afford to wait.
The Bug Out will need to be put to the test.
This testing is
a process of “what if’ing” the plan. It is used to determine the problems and
develop solutions.
For example:
Time to put the Bug Out Plan into action, you will need a
full tank of fuel to get from the house to the safe haven.
Problem: What if
I only have a half tank and the ability to get commercial fuel is no longer an
option?
Solution: At an
appropriate time when things are getting worse, you would need to ensure that
you stock fuel at your house which will require fuel storage tanks such as 2, 3
or 5 gallon containers available at garages or motor accessary shops.
Problem: Fuel
stored for a long time will go bad.
Solution:
Routinely replace the stored fuel.
Problem: The vehicle has a mechanical problem during the
movement from your house to the safe haven.
Solution: Carry
parts and tools for common problems that are within your ability to fix such as
a broken belt or flat tire. In fact, having two full spare tires complete with
rims are a good idea,or you could take a basic mechanics course.
Problem: The
primary route from the house to the safe haven becomes clogged with traffic or
otherwise too dangerous to drive.
Solution: Plan
Alternate and Emergency routes on less travelled roads.
Problem: You may
have to stop and hide the vehicle during darkness as driving during the night
with lights on is a very bad idea.
Solution: You
need a large canvas or earth tone tarp to cover the windshield and a camouflage
net to drape over the vehicle. You will also need green or brown duct tape to
cover exposed shiny parts of the car.
Problem: Your
route becomes impassable and there is no option to take another and/or the
vehicle becomes disabled.
Solution: Plan to
walk overland to the safe haven. You will probably needs maps and have areas
selected along this foot route that would be tentative safe areas to hole up in
for a day or two. If you need maps, you probably need some map reading and land
navigation training.
Can you carry enough
food, water (water is more important) in your Bug Out Bag to make the trip on
foot? If you are initially traveling in a vehicle, you should drink and eat
stocks placed in your vehicle rather than use it from your Bug Out Bag.
Remember your Survival Bug Out Bag is your last ditch option for when you are
on foot or on the run.
If you carry this testing through to arrival at your safe
haven, you would need to plan how you are going to approach and identify
yourselves to people at the safe haven.
You may even have the forethought to
pre-place supplies and material at the safe haven, either stored openly at a
safe haven that is full time occupied or cached.
A cache is a hidden store or equipment, supplies or
material. Sit down and think about your trek from your house to your safe haven
and imagine what can go wrong. This will identify what contingencies you need
to plan for. Remember Murphy’s Law,…….What can go wrong, will go wrong.

 

Every Day Carry
(EDC)
The equipment that you carry with you on an everyday basis
may be the only thing that you will have available if a survival or crisis
situation hits.
This equipment is often referred to as Every Day Carry or EDC.
I would like to will give you some examples to equipment that you can carry
with you to give you some resources to handle a survival situation or everyday
problems.
This equipment is similar to what I carry myself.
A Survival Knife is one of the most versatile tools that you
can carry with you. Knives come in many shapes and forms. Fixed Blade Knives
are great for hiking, hunting and other wilderness activities but are not an
item that can be carried in your pocket.
For every day carry more compact alternatives such as a
Folding Knife, Swiss Army Knife or Multi-Tool is a more practical solution.
A
Compact Folding Knife like the Fällkniven U-4, Spyderco Ladybug, Victorinox Classic
SD or Wenger Executive 81 can easily be carried along with you keys. Leatherman
and Gerber also have a number of compact Multi-Tools designed to be carried on
Key rings.
Torches can be used for many things during your everyday
life. During a survival situation a flashlight may provide light, be a tool for
searching after people or lost equipment and signalling for help.
I recommend that you get a compact LED torch that uses
either an AA or AAA battery since these are widely available and have a low
price.
Modern high quality torches are often digitally regulated and can
give a very low or high output of light, making it possible to have the
advantage of very strong light for signalling with the possibility of very long
battery life if this would be necessary.
There are many companies but the torch from Fenix and 4 Sevens are among the very best. Some interesting
models are the
The anglelights / headlamps from ZebraLight or the
Streamlight Sidewinder Compact can also be an interesting alternative.
There
also a number of compact key ring lights like the Photon Micro-Light II, the
Photon ReX Rechargeable, Streamlight Nano Light, Streamlight Key-Mate, and the
rechargeable Skylight LED lamp with solar panels from Exped.
A compact First Aid Kit containing some basic medication can
help you if you would get a headache, diarrhoea or small cuts.
Plasters,
sutures, sutures, disinfection wet-wipes, hand disinfection, pain-killers and
anti-diarrheal tablets can help you cope with many problems.
Compact tweezers can be used to remove splinters and other
small discomforts. If you have any medical condition that requires medication
like asthma or allergies make sure to include these in your Every Day Carry.
A Water Bottle is an excellent item to carry with you on an
everyday basis. It allows you to always have water available.
A normal soda
bottle or mineral water bottle works very well but there are also high quality
water bottles from Nalgene and
Camelbak for example but I like the Purificup.
A Lighter, a box of matches or a Fire Steel is the most
common tools used.
A normal BIC lighter is one of the cheapest and most
effective methods of starting a fire but if you want a more good looking alternative
you can check out the lighters from Zippo, Silva and Wenger, check out the
NanoXL.
The mobile Phone is a very useful item today. It allows you
the contact friends gather information and call for help during an emergency.
Many modern mobile phones also have GPS, a torch, FM/AM radio, camera and
many other features.
A water proof container is a very useful thing to have when
hiking or traveling through bad weather since it protects your phone from dirt
and water.
If you put “In Case of Emergency” (ICE) numbers in your phone as I
have then it’s easy for others to contact your friends and family if for
example you had an accident.
If the battery capacity for your phone is low a
spare battery or charger may be a wise addition to carry with you.
A wrist watch allows you to always keep track of time and
can also be used for navigation if you learn this skill. Many watches also have
other useful functions like electronic compass, altimeter, barometer, countdown
timer, thermometer, sunrise-sunset alarm and other features.Timex
make some watches that have many of these features as mine does.
There are also compact
button compasses that are designed to be carried on a watch strap like the
Silva Carabineer 40 and Suunto Clipper. I favour the Timex E-expedition series
like mine which have temperature, tide and compass options.
Pen and Paper are useful items that allow you to leave a
message to others during an emergency and write down useful information.
A
normal notebook will do just fine for most occasions but if you often have to
make notes outdoors or in bad weather I recommend that you get one of the
notebooks from Rite-In-The-Rain.
There are also very useful notebook covers from Snigel
Design, Maxpedition and Blackhawk. A normal pen will make do for almost every
situation but there are a large number of companies that makes high quality
pens like the Fisher Space Pen.
Some companies also makes what is referred to as “tactical
pens”, these pens are often very expensive, made from very sturdy materials and
may include features like a glasbreaker.
Benchmade, CRKT and Surefire are some
of the companies that make these type of pens.
550 Paracord is another very useful item that can be used
for repair, to secure equipment and much more. Paracord is often made into
bracelets so that it can be carried with you at all times.
Y
our wallet normally contains critical items like ID,
Passport, Credit Cards, Cash and Coins for making calls. There are also credit
card tool kits like the  Logic Survival 11and other kits from Tool Logic
that can be easily carried with you at all times.
There are also other specialized credit card kits like
sewing kits available. A fake wallet with an old ID and a little cash can be a
useful item to have if crime rate and the risk of robbery are high in your
area.
There is compact Nylon Pockets designed to either be carried
in the pockets of cargo pants or packs called EDC Organizers from Maxpedition,
Blackhawk and other companies.
These pockets can make it easy to store all the
items in one location, keep them organized and move them from one set of
clothing to another.
There are many alternatives that can hold your gear, if you
want a container that keeps your items even more safe an alternative can be the
compact containers from Pelican.
The Pro Survival Kit Company have a belt
called the “Multi Purpose Belt” with small pockets that can hold some basic
items concealed and make it easy to always have some gear with you.
A Pocket Survival Kit is a simple concept that makes it easy
to carry the most important items with you at all times. The
Get Home Bag and
Light Weight Bug Out Bag are also concepts that can make it easy to always have
the most important gear with you.
There is no clear line between Pocket
Survival Kits, Get Home Bags, Light Weight Bug Out Bags and a comprehensive
Every Day Carry.
Your clothing is also a very important part of your Every
Day Carry. Your clothing provides you with your shield against elements like
heat, cold, rain and wind.
Your clothing must be appropriate for the climate
where you live. A Shell Jacket provides excellent protection from wind and
rain.
Merino wool is an excellent fabric for base layers,
t-shirts, socks and underwear that is both durable, still provides heat if it
gets wet, is resistant to odours and can still be washed in a normal washing
machine.
Your foot wear is also critical, can you run or walk long distances in
the shoes you are wearing and can they cope with the terrain around you?
There are compact whistles that can be attached to zippers
like the AeroWave, these whistles makes it easy to always have a whistle
available for signalling, these are both compact and can be found for a price a
pound or less.
How many items one should be carrying is a very hard
question to answer. It’s fully possible to fit almost every conceivable item
for survival into a pair of cargo pants.
The important question is how much you
feel comfortable with carrying. 
You must find a balance between the space and
weight of the items in relation to your personal needs.
It’s better to have a few important items that are always
with you, than to have a high number of items that you never carry with you.
Some items you may never actually need and other items you may end up using
almost every day.
Your personal situation may mean that you can’t carry all
the items with you at all times, your work situation or other factors may
prevent this.
So for this reason it can be important to have a flexible system
and EDC organizers can make this easier for you as they let you separate
different gear but still make it easy to include them into your pack or
clothing.
When you change your clothing ALWAYS put your Every Day
Carry items at the same place or location, this makes it easy to always find
your items and see if you have them with you or not.
Your EDC items are not of
much use if you can never find them. It’s also good if you always keep your
items in the same pockets of your clothing or at the same place in your pack so
that you can easily find them and notice if they are missing.
So your Every Day Carry is the set of items that you carry
with you at all times to help you with your very day problems and provide tools
to handle a crisis or survival situation.
There is no set of gear that is
perfect for every situation and every setting so you must find a set of gear
that works for you and your specific situation.
Since these are items that you
carry with you at all times I suggest that you go for compact, lightweight and
high quality items.
It is possible to carry a very comprehensive set of
equipment that can allow you to perform a high number of tasks on a smaller
number of items. What you should be carrying and how many items you should
carry is decision that you have to make based on your personal setting.
Even if you can carry all the items you would like to on
your person it is still possible to have a few extra items in your jacket or
bag, a small kit where you work, some basic tools or even a fully equipped Bug
Out Bag in your vehicle.
Find an overall solution that fits your specific
needs.
Your equipment is only a small part of being prepared for
disasters and survival situations.
The most important part of being prepared is
your own skills, knowledge, training, physical fitness, health and will to
survive. 
The tools that you carry with you can be very useful but even if you
have high quality equipment it can always be lost or break.
Arbeit Macht Frei
Work Makes Free … were the words on the gates of Auschwitz
and other Nazi concentration camps.
At first, expect millions of unemployed
office and hi-tech workers – highly educated in suddenly-unwanted specialties.
Expect the conditions following economic collapse to lead to a new peasantry –
office workers becoming field labourers or bandits; tied to food production by
desperate circumstances.
But without modern sanitation and medical care, plagues and
epidemics can run rampant.
Without modern education, many academic and
professional categories will vanish. Expect religions and cults to experience
enormous growth as oil-based societies return to more medieval structures.
Myths work as long as a majority believe them to be true.
Leaders clad their agendas in the language and thought patterns of those myths.
Until the 20th century, leaders used religious talk … now people believe that
democracy and the free market really exist and that they are the mainstay for
everything dear and valuable … Thus to mobilize today’s population, leaders
use democracy and free-market talk.
It is like the difference between official
socialist/communist concepts and real-world socialism/communism.
Our societies require the on-going integrated functioning of
many factors, including electricity, water, food, heat, transportation,
communication, medicine and security.
An extended manipulation or failure of
any of these sub-systems can damage or collapse the others; and the collapse of
one country or region can have huge consequences elsewhere on our
interconnected planet.
Food is power.
We use it to change behaviour. Some may call
that bribery.
Catherine Bertini, UN World Food Program Executive Director,
1997
A gradual collapse would not be SO bad. A fast collapse
would be devastating. Most people will freeze, panic or reject the news – until
they are motivated to move by thirst, starvation, looters and epidemics.
Many
people who wait for help will die. NOW is the best time to make emergency
last-minute preparations. How can you arrange to keep your essential
possessions … and your life?
The essential difference between survivors and casualties is
preparation!
During a disaster – every second counts! Waiting for help
may kill you!
The potential Stages of Societal Collapse are
Moral Collapse. You stop trusting people. You distrust your
elected politicians, businesses, government employees, religious leaders and
military. Unemployment soars and your neighbourhood becomes increasingly
dangerous.
As riots and suicides increase, dysfunctional authorities may talk
about the temporary crisis and seek scapegoats. I remember talking to Selco who
described exactly this as the Collapse began in the Balkans.
Financial Collapse. You stop trusting banks. You cannot
assess risk and your financial assets are not guaranteed. If financial
institutions become insolvent; your savings may be wiped out, and you cannot
access your capital.
As social unrest and suicide increase, airlines and
borders may be closed. Authorities may call this a temporary measure and may
blame computer hackers.
Commercial Collapse. You stop trusting businesses. Money may
be devalued and/or become scarce. People hoard and trade basic commodities and
medications, import and retail chains cease, and there are widespread shortages
of survival necessities.
Supermarkets are guarded and you hear of food riots.
Martial law may be enforced in cities. If your electricity stops – would you
freeze in the dark?
Authorities may talk
of a temporary emergency and may blame farmers and traders.
Political Collapse. You stop trusting governments. Official
attempts to provide survival necessities are ineffective; and politicians lose
legitimacy and relevance.
Emergency calls are not answered. Starving people
want your food, medical supplies and weapons. You may hear of military coups or
of millions of starving people. Authorities may blame terrorists.
Social Collapse. You stop trusting authorities. Social
institutions become resourceless. Dead bodies become commonplace. Cities become
centres of starvation and disease. Might is right … but who has weapons? Internment
camps may conceal starvation and genocide … for a while.
Authorities may
blame hoarders/ preppers.
Military Collapse. You stop trusting the military. Martial
law transitions into local dictatorships. The military may perceive you and
your family as targets competing for the same resources as themselves – or as
potential slaves.
They may create systems of forced labour and slavery …
fighting local wars over local resources.
Kindness becomes a strange concept.
Authorities may blame communists.
Civilization Collapse. You stop trusting hope. Death is
everywhere. People cannot afford to be kind. Urban regions become death zones.
Nothing is more dangerous than desperate men.
Whose women and children will
live – and whose will die? You hear stories of cannibals. You might be killed
for a candy bar … you might be hunted for your meat.
The only authorities are people who can kill
you.
Here is a cutting from a US Government report following the
winter of 1609-1610: Concerning CANNIBALISM IN AMERICA
Driven thru insufferable hunger to eat those things which
nature most abhorred, the flesh and excrements of man as well of our own nation
as of an Indian, digged by some out of his grave after he had lain buried three
days and wholly devoured him; others, envying the better state of body of any
whom hunger has not yet so much wasted as their own, lay wait and threatened to
kill and eat them; one among them slew his wife as she slept in his bosom, cut
her in pieces, salted her and fed upon her till he had devoured all parts
saving her head.
It hardly matters what causes it – financial collapse,
global warming, an oil war or space aliens.
As infrastructure collapses,
misinformation will dominate the media. Instructions and advice given to avoid
widespread panic may worsen your chances of survival.
This may not be a good
time to stay indoors and wait for instructions. It may be a good time to get
out of a city fast while you still can.

 

 

Government agencies may tell you, while communications last,
that their instructions will ensure your survival. But your survival may not
support their survival.
Police in most countries (including the UK) are not
obligated to protect you even now … and if you are not prepared, you may
quickly die during a fast economic collapse.
And if you are prepared … you
might just survive.
During a financial collapse your paper assets and perhaps
even banknotes may lose value. Keep records of your stocks and bonds,
certificates of deposit, insurance, taxes and other paper instruments in case of
recovery.
Be prepared for hyperinflation and have a stock of useful
money-substitutes for trading … coffee, sugar, salt, toilet paper, herbs,
pain-killers.
Hoarding may not be a crime … yet.
During commercial collapse most consumer goods become unavailable,
except as trade for useful items or services. Shops and supermarket staff hoard
their goods and food awaiting some sign of recovery – and only distribute those
goods in return for trade or protection, or at gunpoint.
Communications cease
and food riots begin. Don’t expect police, military or firemen to protect you
or your home. Suspected looters or terrorists may be shot on sight … which
means anybody.
During martial law, little freedom remains, and martial law
can be enacted with a signature. Expect curfews, rationing, closed borders and
travel permits at first … later you may hear rumours of sealed cities, slave
labour and concentration camps
During political collapse government services vanish. Your
contracts, licenses and tax returns have little meaning.
Police and military
use their weapons to protect their own homes and supplies from riots and
starving people. Suicides skyrocket.
Highways resemble parking lots. Starving
city people converge on farms near cities, known food-producing areas and
vacation homes.
Expect stringent rules and road barricades to limit theft and
contain epidemics. Expect summary executions for minor offences.
During social collapse most hospitals, clinics and schools
cease to function. Their staff may not be paid and either be forced to work
(perhaps at gunpoint) or become local enterprises trading their services for
food, medications and essentials.
Disease is everywhere and medications are
scarce. Equipment requiring electrical power may be operated from local generators
while fuel is still available.
Few people care whether you live or die … and
some would prefer to loot your dead body.
During military collapse the military forces become a new
aristocracy based on scavenging and feudal farming.
Much of your food and
property could be confiscated and little if any effort invested in your
survival. Torture and executions are commonplace.
You’re on your own.
Unless
you have needed skills you are an easily-replaced field slave or grunt soldier.
During civilization collapse most of your time is spent
gathering and protecting whatever you can hoard, trade or scavenge; and
avoiding being robbed, enslaved or eaten.
Pity has become a luxury!
What skills are essential to your survival?

 

 

What goods would simplify or comfort your survival?

 

 

If you cannot survive without luxuries – how do you want to
die?
Preparation is a better investment against chaos than
stocks, bonds or gold. Stocking up on necessities is very cheap insurance, but
be discrete, or you may be accused of hoarding, or be robbed.
Plan to survive.
Have what you need instead of desperately searching or fighting for it.
Other good insurance if you can afford it may be a large
sailboat or a country house with space to grow and store crops.
Seek a rather
isolated place, maybe a hundred miles from a city, not visible from the main
roads, with woodland and surface water nearby.
(And if there is no collapse in
your lifetime, you and your family can enjoy a boat / holiday home /
smallholding with a good resale value.)
So read about survival. Use but don’t depend on the internet
– or on electricity.
Get healthy. Walk and ride a bicycle. Find substitutes for
artificial medications.
Sort out your fears and concerns now … you will need a
healthy mind to protect your family. Life will be tough enough without
depression, neuroses and panic attacks.
Dry foods such as rice, grain and beans are cheap insurance
against a crisis. Stock enough long term storage food for a family of four
persons to survive for three months, or for one person for a year.
Use this
food regularly and restock it regularly.
Keep a supply of clean water … if you lose electric power
you may lose drinking water too.
Wean yourself off addictive and unhealthy foods. Learn about
and explore wild foods. Know, at least, which local wild foods are edible and
which are toxic, and where they grow.
Stock up on needed medications and emergency medical
supplies; learn first aid and CPR.
Ten acres of good land can support 4-10 people indefinitely,
depending upon available water, land quality, tools, foiling thieves and
management skills.
Locate a retreat in a low population density area – the
lower the better – more than 160 km / 100 miles from large towns or cities
perhaps the top of Scotland.
Let your survival be your best revenge.
Drug dealers, legal and illegal, do not profit from healthy
people. Most physical and mental diseases are consequences of unhealthy
lifestyles and unhappy relationships. Clean up your mess!
Following a rapid collapse, many people will die and survivors
must cooperate to live. In remote areas and in rural villages, neighbours are
still valued.
Most people, even with huge emotional baggage, even in
horrendous crisis, can participate in community – if they choose.
Community
requires that people choose co-operation to individualism. It may not be easy,
but it is possible.
Lastly in the event of a collapse, joining a successful
community will become a dream for many starving people.
How will your community
decide who to accept – and who to turn away?
How kind can you be?
How will you
deal with armed intruders?
How will you commence trade with other survivor
communities?

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