Category Archives: Prepping

The Tom Linden BUG-OUT BELT

The Tom Linden Bug-Out Belt

My BUG-OUT BELT was personally constructed by Scott Douglas Palmer

Who is Director of Cultural Development at Lion Corporation and Founder & President at Slatsmandu Corporation – Alpenlore, is my version of his awesome range of incredible Hybrid Survival / Tactical EDC Belt Systems

The colours I have chosen are designed to allow my belt to blend into the background in the outdoors environment and at the same time not stand out in a rural environment either.

My belt is the most compact adventure survival belt on the market.

The AlpenLITE Belt System is a type of “Hyper Belt” which is an exceptional ON THE FLY adventure Belt that can be worn as an everyday belt, very soft and flexible but solid. and incredibly useful.

High tension outdoor Pro-cord, a type of advanced para-cord (paracord ), can be used for a multitude of Bushcraft, Survival, EDC & First-aid situations in multiple environments.

The applications for its use are endless… Wherever you go, the AlpenLITE Belt goes with you and can be immediately deployed.

The inner-core has up to 12 feet of layered hidden webbing. Together with the PROcord shell makes this belt system stand apart from all the others. Strong, lite & compact, just unravel and GO!

“We promise you have never seen a product like this that offers such a vast array of features. Johnny Spillane (World Class Olympian) and 3 Silver medalist and world champion in Nordic Ski proudly wears our product and finds it to be a great aid that you carry with you but never notice its there” says Scott.

It fits like a normal belt only slightly thicker but unnoticeable while wearing. It is hands free and always there when you need it, from morning till night, the AlpenGuide Belt System is there waiting to assist you.

Specs Each AlpenLITE Belt SYSTEM is created from 100% Premium Hardware with fine attention to detail and proudly Handcrafted by Americans who have extensive experience with the Outdoors.

And the AlpenLITE BELT is the most compact rescue adventure belt in the world!


ProWEB Core / S 2.7m (8.8ft) – M 3.2m (10.5ft) – L 3.7m (12ft)

ProCORD outer-Shell / S 10.5m (34ft) – M 12.5m (41ft) – L 15.5m (50ft)


AlpineBuckle / Military Grade – High Impact Resistant

COBRA BUCKLE / 800lb working capacity 7075 Aluminum Alloy w/ Stainless steel components

TriangleRING / 4.7mm / 4.4 kN ( 1000 lbf / 453 kgf ) -316 Stainless

ProCORD / 1.43kN (320lbf / 146kgf ) Breaking Power

ProWEB / 25mm 5.74kN ( 1290lbf / 585kgf ) Breaking Power

DIMENSIONS * Belt Width 1.25 inch / 4cm – Belt Thickness .03in / 7mm

SURVIVAL KIT includes (3 matches, Surgical Blade, 2 fish hooks and Knots Guide).

Pocket GUIDE-BOOK in German/English fits in your wallet and has loads of survival tips.



You can order my belt from April 1st at


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Show Contents 3rd October 2015


Show Notes

This week I begin with EDC Pocket Knives, Rabbit Starvation the Truth, the Blizzard Survival 20% Discount offer, Logical Prep Rotation, How to Make Char Cloth, the Ribzwear 30% Discount offer, Selecting where to camp, Types of Campfires, Shelters, the Wilderness 121 10% Discount offer, Survival Eating, Survival Food guide, Cable ties the unsung Hero’s , The Midimax 10% Discount offer, Basic Survival Skills That we Must Have, the Survival Staff, the Survival Spear, the Buggrub 10% Discount offer, Survival Napping, Basic Wilderness Survival Skills, the Field Leisure 10% Discount offer, Owl Eyes: A Core Awareness Skill , Survival Kit Preparation, Your survival Kit, the Hunters-Knives 10% Discount offer.

EDC Pocket Knives

Now before I start repeat after me “an everyday carry pocket knife is a tool, not a weapon.”

In fact, a knife (or cutting blade) is the first ever tool made by humans, evidenced by stone versions that are over 2.5 million years old.

We had a need back then. and we still do today. However, things have changed a bit since that time. Today’s society immediately connects the idea of a knife with a threatening weapon rather than a tool.

I have carried a pocket knife for over 50 years and never once thought of using it as an offensive weapon, it was, is and will always be a tool.

To me an EDC pocket knife should be used like a key, a pen, or a mobile phone.

Well, not literally. You’re not going to make a long-distance call on your Swiss Army Knife are you?

The purpose of my EDC knife is to effectively perform everyday tasks in which a sharp blade is necessary; opening packages or envelopes, cutting strings or tags, and other small chores.

There are endless possibilities and they will become apparent once you have convenient access to one. If your job or lifestyle requires you to need a sharp blade more than 10 times a day, you should upgrade to a work knife or multitool, not an EDC pocket knife.

For an UK Legal EDC pocket knife, you are only allowed up to a 3″ cutting edge and non-locking blade. Sometimes a bit shorter. Any longer and you’re in a different category of knife, and breaking UK knife law, any shorter and the knife is more or less useless.

Let’s focus on small jobs and tasks – not sawing down a tree.

Yes, carrying your EDC knife in a pouch on your belt is legal but it can also be kept in a pocket but still readily available.

You don’t need to wear it around your neck, advertising it to everyone. If you need a belt pouch for your work knife and job, more power to you.

However in an “office type scenario” belt-holstered pouches don’t mix.

So you could consider pocket clips as well as in-pocket carry options. Depending on the size/colour/finish of the pocket clip, your knife carry still may be pretty visible, but not necessarily sticking out like a sore thumb.

Some are more discreet than others, while others leave a considerable amount of the knife visible. With a pocket clip, you can quickly and easily access the knife to perform a small task.

In-pocket carry is great for stealthily carrying in a public setting, except you may have to dig around in your pockets for it.

The best way to resolve that issue is to carry less in your pockets. Switching between the two carry methods is a great balance, depending on the setting. Find what works best for you.

The majority of the knife world is pretty much in general consensus that a non-serrated blade is best for everyday carry.

Some may disagree, as their everyday tasks may include cutting rope and such. As I said before, if you’re using a knife in these situations you should upgrade to a work knife with a serrated edge, not an EDC pocket knife.

A simple sharp blade should be all you need for an EDC pocket knife, allowing you to make clean precise cuts.

You’re not Crocodile Dundee, folding knives are much more compact and easier to carry on your person.

It is the Criminal Justice Act 1988 that most significantly affects the carrying of knives in the UK.

Simply put it is an offence under section 139 of the Act to carry an article with a blade or sharp point in a public place.

A folding pocket knife is not included, so long as the cutting edge is under three inches.

In practical terms it is best to take ‘cutting edge’ as meaning the whole blade, sharp or not.

Now that is all well and good. BUT, I am not happy with a folding knife that does not lock.

I think they are very dangerous and can easily close on the fingers of the user causing nasty injuries and the very least.

In my opinion we should be legally allowed to carry a lock-knife as I saw the law is there to punish the bad guys, not to criminalise the rest of us.

My fist, my car, in fact anything I use to cause injury to another will be classed as a weapon, and someone stabbed by a pocket knife does not say that’s ok mate its a non-lock knife as the result is of course the same.

Rabbit Starvation the Truth

Is ‘Rabbit Starvation’ a survival problem?

The story says that if you eat only rabbits, as in a survival diet, you’ll die of malnutrition. So why bother with raising rabbits?

The theoretical science behind this is actually correct. If you eat a diet of extremely lean meat with little else, you will eventually die of malnutrition and starvation. Your body converts protein to glucose, and it can only convert about 1000 calories worth.

It would I think be very hard to live on that.

But the body processes fat quite well, and can and does work very well on it.. If you add a bit of fat into that diet, especially if you have some vegetables or leafy greens to supplement with, you’ll be just fine.

And anyway domestically raised rabbits aren’t so lean that there’s not plenty of fat on the body. Add to that the consumption of the organs and a rabbit is a rather healthy source of nutrition.

I think the point really is just don’t go eating rabbits that are starving themselves, and you’ll be just fine.

Especially if you’ve got a small amount of greens to add in a few more nutrients.

I think the real point is if you’re eating rabbits you raised yourself, or wild rabbits that aren’t starving themselves, you’ve got NOTHING to worry about from the ‘Rabbit Starvation’ problem.

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Life-saving technology has never been so affordable.

All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. Thank you Blizzard

Logical Prep Rotation

Once your water preps are in place it is time to sort out your food preps. When I say food storage, most people picture 50 lb bags of rice and buckets of wheat stored in the corner of the garage, and boxes of freeze dried food on top.

Please don’t do that. It’s not a good idea.

Don’t get me wrong. Wheat, rice, and other bulk stored items have a place in your survival preps.

But far too many people just throw it in the garage and that is that. Then the zombies show up and you’re stuck figuring out what on earth to do to make your hard wheat edible.

Unfortunately this is a path full of problems and a path that far too many people follow.. Wheat and other grains are undeniably critical to proper nutrition.

But wheat is hard to digest if your system isn’t used to it. If you aren’t used to eating wheat in more natural forms you’ll get sick, and you can easily develop gluten allergies.

Not a good thing. It’s actually frightfully likely that you’d die as a result of that. More on that later! The flour and whatnot that you get at the shop isn’t a very good substitute, and 90% of the bread you buy doesn’t help either. You have to use the real stuff.

  1. This means that unless you have whole wheat as a key part of your diet already, you shouldn’t depend on it. It has a place, OK, but not to depend on.

  2. Rule One! Store what you eat!

Write down what the staples are for your family. What are those recipes that are the ‘old standby’ for you?

What do you cook when you don’t have much time? If you’re like most families, you have a relatively low number of meals that you have on a regular basis. Focus on those first.

The goal here is to have the ingredients for these meals in storage.

So plan out a sample month worth of meals, repeating the things you have regularly. Make it look like an average month in your home as just as it would look like in ‘normal times.’

Then figure out what ingredients you need for that month. And there’s your monthly baseline. If you want six months of food storage, multiply it by six.

OK so I don’t need to tell you this, but for the common sense impaired out there, be sure to be logical with what you buy … if something you need has a three month shelf life, you don’t want to keep six months worth of it around.

Rule two! Eat what you store!

Now you have a couple months or so of your families food needs stored, a couple of interesting things happen. First, you’ve got a supply of food in the basement, so if you run out in the kitchen, you just go down to the basement (or wherever) and go shopping there instead of the supermarket.

Then, when things go on sale, replenish your basement food storage room. It’s cheaper, easier, and vastly more convenient!

Be sure to keep track of what you have in your storage room. Use a spreadsheet, label boxes, etc.

Practice FIFO (First In First Out) for proper rotation. Be sure to keep track of shelf lives of different foods.

The last thing you want is to get food poisoning.

The beauty of these two rules is pretty simple. You won’t have a drastic dietary change if something happens and you have to dip into your preps, as you’ve already been eating from them anyway.

Food storage is no longer some foreign concept that Doomsday Preppers and Camouflaged Survivalist do, but is just a method of getting a deeper pantry to be prepared and be more economically smart. Camouflage fatigues are optional.

How to Make Char Cloth

Fire making is a basic survival skill that must be learnt then practiced regularly or you could find yourself stuck in the wilderness without a way to boil your water or cook your food.

In order to make a fire, it’s more than just making a spark from a magnesium fire steel, fire piston, flint and steel, or a flame from a lighter. You need that ignition source to easily catch on to something that’ll burn long enough for the kindling to catch, which is supposed to burn long enough for your fuel wood to burn. That something is called Tinder.

The components of a good tinder are:

1. you have it with you or can find it when you need it

2. it catches fire easily in whatever weather or environment you’re in

3. it burns long enough to catch your kindling on fire

I have to say that having one of Bushcraft tools fire pistons I recommend Char Cloth. Technically, char cloth is an addition to your tinder stock.

So what is char cloth I hear you ask?

Char cloth is an organic material (like cotton) that has been heated enough that all (most) of the gasses inside have left but has been protected from burning itself up.

When something burns, it’s actually a chemical reaction with oxygen or a similar gas. When something like wood or cotton burns, chemicals like carbon monoxide,  hydrogen  and  carbon dioxide  are released into the air.

If you heat up something like cotton to a certain point and don’t let oxygen into the area for it to burn, the gasses will be released but the material itself won’t combust. That’s essentially all you need to do to make char cloth in theory, but let’s look at how you make it.

How do you make charred cloth?

The simplest prepper method of making char cloth is to take something like pieces of cotton from a t-shirt or old jeans and put it into a small tin, like an altoids tin or an air pellet tin. You can also use a tuna tin, coffee tin etc. as long as you can seal it fairly well after you put the material in it and it won’t burn itself up.

I wanted to make some char cloth just using stuff I had lying around the house so instead of an altoids tin I used an old pellet tin I had lying around.

You need the gasses to escape from the inside after they’re released from the cotton, so you need to poke a small hole in the tin with something like a nail. You don’t want it too big though, or oxygen will get in and your fabric will catch fire.

I got my Gillie Kettle out and lit it and put the old pellet tin on top then I cut a strip denim from some old jeans about as wide as the tin is long, rolled it up and put it into the tin. The smoke was coming out of the hole in the top of the tin, and if I was to put a flame to it, that smoke would catch fire.

This is essentially a mini-gasifier. That gas is flammable enough to be used in a generator or carb for an engine.

Then, you just cook the tin in the fire for a while until you don’t see any more smoke coming out, and that’s it. Depending on how much stuff you have, how big your tin is and how hot your fire is, it should take anywhere from 15-45 minutes.

Obviously, the proof is in the pudding so I took out my magnesium fire starter that I keep in my pocket as a part of my EDC kit, and it lit after one spark.

That’s really all there is to it. You should experiment with different types of fabrics and different temperatures and times to heat it up but it’s not really all that hard. You don’t even need to use cloth. Almost any organic material should work, such as wood or plant fibres. You just need to get all the gasses out without burning it.

Char cloth vs other tinder?

Char cloth catches so easily that just one spark will usually catch, so not only can you place it right under your tinder bundle, things like a breeze or damp air shouldn’t be a problem. It will burn usually for a few minutes too, giving it enough time to catch.  Because it doesn’t give off a flame though, char cloth isn’t really going to be able to catch kindling.

Other tinder like dry leaves, grass, cat tail fluff, etc. burns pretty well but isn’t always easy to catch from a spark. Especially if it’s damp out.

Putting them together though, makes a powerful combination.

How to use char cloth to start a fire.

Char cloth catches easily but it won’t burn hot enough to catch twigs on fire unless they’re REALLY tiny.

You also probably won’t have a lot of char cloth in your kit. It will, however, burn enough to catch other tinder on fire. By making a tinder bundle out of dry material that burns quickly and then putting the char cloth in side it, you make an easy-to-light pile of stuff known as a nest that will burn hot enough to catch twigs.

Having a successful fire started is all about sticking to the sequence of fire starting. The spark catches the char cloth. The char cloth catches the rest of the tinder. The tinder then catches your kindling. The kindling catches the fuel wood and you can then boil water or cook a meal.


A front pack is a pack or bag that allows for access of equipment from the persons chest. Front packs first and foremost allow for easy access of gear without the removal of any equipment.

In many adventure outdoor activities it can be critical to the sport to have the ability to reach essential gear fast without the removal of a backpack. Simplicity is the foremost purpose of the front pack but there are many additional benefits as well.

In all there are unlimited uses for the front pack. Front packs are the best compliment to any outdoorsman’s gear when accessibility, functionality, mobility and simplicity are required. From horseback riding, long distance biking, motorcycling and kayaking.

All sports where fast and easy access of gear is essential, a front pack is your best solution and as you can imagine it is going down a storm within the prepping and survivalist community.

Your summer code is “TRAILBLAZE” and can be used in the coupon section within the Store. Have a Great Summer!

Selecting Where to Camp

Selection of your campsite is important to the enjoyment of your camping experience. Would you rather waken to a sunny morning or a cold, damp shady greeting? Sometimes you have to accept the campsite your map and plans have led you to, but even then, there are usually several choices as to where you put your tent or tents.

Guide books will usually rate established campsites. Here are things I look for in the wild:

1. A level spot big enough to accommodate my tent and my camp buddies, and also a spot suitable for cooking. Avoid areas full of rodent holes; camp away from game trails.

2. Threatening trees full of overhead deadwood. Even large falling cones can provide a painful awakening.

3. Gullies, narrow valleys, etc. Flash floods may pose a serious and lethal hazard. I find that camps above the valley floor but below hill crests offer fewer mosquitoes, pleasing breezes, which also mean drier ground, without the high winds of hill tops, sunnier exposures, and better views. These are also more lightning safe.

4. Camp away from hiking trails.

5. Use established fire rings. If you must make a new one, clear ground, make a shallow pit, circle pit with rocks, and cover rocks with tin foil to avoid blackening and high impact on area.

Do not remove stones from creek beds – internal water may expand and cause the stone to explode. Collect only dead, fallen wood for your fire.

NEVER, NEVER pull wood from trees or shrubs. NEVER. Keep fires small – don’t waste wood. It takes time to replenish itself and other campers would love to find some wood available, too. Make sure there is a water source nearby. Restore campsite, as much as possible, to its “pre-you” state.

Types of Campfires

I have to believe that one of the first things a creature did once it climbed out of the primordial ooze was to seek warmth. I can certainly relate to that quest at the end of a long cold and wet day. Despite the fact that proper clothing should provide its wearer with adequate warmth, there is still something about the glow and radiant heat of a good campfire that all the right garments can never provide.

Like a friendly mongrel mutt, any fire can give you feelings of warmth. However, knowing how different fires direct and produce differing amounts of heat can help you make the best fire for different circumstances. The “science” of a fire is based on three elements: fuel, oxygen and heat.

The fuel is the material that will start and then keep the fire burning. In order to burn it must have oxygen. The oxygen combines with the gases emitted from the fuel as it’s consumed – that gas is released by heat applied to the fuel.

Eventually the fuel is consumed, the energy is released in light and heat and the process is sustained by adding more fuel or reinitiated when a fire is needed again.

The key to any good fire is a quick start, sometimes with only one or two chances to do so. Good tinder – small dry shavings or strands or globs or drippings of quickly combustible material used to start a fire – is critical.

Practice with whatever fire igniter you prefer and practice lighting the myriad varieties of tinder you can find outdoors: cattail fluff, birch bark, shredded dry leaves, small blades and stalks of grass, lint from you pockets – practicing what lights quickly and produces enough heat to start your tinder burning is a key skill in becoming a competent fire starter. Tinder is the base of your fire.

Most larger fires will usually be started from a tiny, burning pile of tinder (unless you happen to go the shortcut route and use Boy Scout Juice – lantern fuel!)

Once you’re comfortable selecting and using tinder, learn what type of kindling can be used to further fuel your fire.

The tinder should burn long and hot enough to generate the gases that will ultimately ignite and start the combustion process with the larger pieces of wood or burning material that will be used to sustain your fire for a longer period of time.

Tinder is usually dry sticks and twigs that can usually be collected on the ground, or in wet country, from downed and dead branches and trees. The native Americans called it “squaw wood” inferring it can be gathered without tools and much effort.

Sometimes larger, thicker pieces of bark or even stout canes and stalks from vegetation can be used as kindling. Tinder can also be used to generate a quick burst of heat for cooking, or light for better visibility around the camp. Once a fire is up and going, the larger pieces of wood can be used to maintain the fire with less monitoring than with smaller, more quickly consumed materials.

All fires are not the same; they can be built for specific purposes, to accent either heat or light, and can be constructed so as to radiate heat in a certain direction.


This is probably the most basic of fire designs. It is often used as a starter upon which bigger, longer-lasting fires are founded.

It’s also a great fire for a quick warm-up or water-boiling snack break. This fire uses mostly kindling, but larger teepees can be created by adding larger logs vertically to the fire. Many beach fires are large teepee fires where pole-sized driftwood is laid upright against others to form this familiar shape.

A teepee fire is a good fire to direct heat upward and can be used beneath a hung pot on a tripod for fast heating.


This fire consists of a foundation framework of large logs laid side by side to form a solid base. A slightly shorter log is laid perpendicular and on top of this first layer. Each subsequent layer is slightly shorter as the platform or pyramid rises. This solid mass of right angle firewood takes a little effort to light but its well worth it for the huge amount of coals it produces, especially when the fire is lit on the top most layer and burns down through the layers.

A lighter version of the Pyramid fire is the platform. It’s similar in shape to the pyramid fire except the logs are layered only along the outside edge (like walls on a log cabin) with each level of logs slightly shorter than the ones beneath.

This creates a hollow wood platform into which smaller kindling can be placed and ignited. It can provide quick warmth and be the start of any number of larger blazes.


Sometimes a fire is built between two long logs. If the logs are the same size, the tops of the log can be used to place pots for cooking.

It has the added advantage of prolonging the fire since the insides of the log are burning too, and it’s easy to direct the fire up or down the length of the side log, literally until the entire log eventually consumed.

A similar fire is the trench fire, used almost exclusively for cooking. These work by either blocking the wind or in funnelling the wind into the fire for a more concentrated and hotter “burn”. Several pots can be placed over the trench and the fire can be maintained at different levels for a variety of cooking options.


A star fire, or Indian fire, is the fire design often depicted as the campfire of the old West. Imagine five or six logs laid out like the spokes of a wheel (star shaped). A fire is started at the “hub” and each log is pushed towards the center as the ends are consumed. It’s another fire that can be kept burning all night long with little maintenance.


A reflector fire is really any fire that has some sort of flat surface behind it to direct the heat back out past the fire. This surface is erected behind the fire and pointed, for example, at the face of a tent, lean-to or other shelter.

This back reflector can be made out of a few large slabs of bark, several logs laid against supports and stacked upon each other to form the surface. Rocks can also be used but just like those used to ring a fire, make sure they do not contain moisture.

That trapped moisture can be heated to where it’s like a steam engine with no release valve. Exploding rocks can send shrapnel and shards flying in every direction!

Several fire starters are on the market, from the basic match to clever kits that contain a flint-like material and striker unit all packaged together.

Space-age lighters and water/storm proof matches all can be your choice of fire starter. The most important thing to remember about fires is learning how to build and lit them long before you need one to save your life. Practice at home, make it a ceremonial task at your next camp out.

As humans I am convinced that the feelings evoked by a good campfire are remnants of our cave-dwelling ancestral days. Even if we have a good coat on our back, and a belly full of warm food cooked on a camp stove, there is something about a fire that makes the campsite complete.


Now understanding how to create effective wilderness survival shelters is one of the most important outdoor skills.

From keeping you protected from the elements to providing a place to rest, wilderness shelters serve a key role in survival situations. Not only do they provide for physical needs, but also help create a sense of home in the wilderness.

Though each season and environment presents its own challenges, there are several universal principles for creating effective wilderness survival shelters, the most important aspect of making wilderness shelters is choosing a good location.

A good location is one that 1) provides easy access to ample building materials such as dead sticks, leaves, and grasses; and is 2) away from major hazards such falling branches, pooling water, and insect nests.

You also want a location that has a large enough flat area to allow you to lie down and sleep comfortably.

Quite often a common mistake when building wilderness survival shelters is to build them too large. Not only does it take more materials, effort, and time to construct, but often ends up being cold due to the amount of space on the inside.

Effective wilderness shelters are often small on the inside – just large enough to fit your body to conserve body heat.

All shelters need to be constructed with safety in mind. Large strong branches can provide the initial framework for many types of survival shelters. Typically, branches used for frame work should be strong enough to easily support the weight of an adult. This is especially important for lean-to and debris style shelters.

Whether you are in a hot and sunny environment or a cold and wet forest, insulation and cover is important to keep you protected from the outside elements. Leaves, grasses, small sticks, ferns, and pine needles are types of debris that can be used for insulation.

Be sure to layer large amounts of debris on your shelter. Also, don’t forget to use debris to create a thick mattress on the inside of your shelter to insulate you from the cold ground, I would say it needs to be at least 18 inches deep.

Bark or soil can be added on the top and sides of your shelter to create a barrier from cold wind and rain.

In cool and cold environments the primary shelter concern is staying warm to avoid hypothermia.

With wilderness survival shelters, there are typically two choices for a heat source: your own body heat or heat from a fire.

Wilderness shelters that rely on your own body heat as the primary heat source (such as a debris hut), need to be small on the inside and have lots of extra insulating debris (imagine your mummy sleeping bag with ten times as much insulation).

If you plan to use a fire on the inside of your shelter as a heat source, carefully plan how it will be tended all night, be sure to collect a full night’s worth of firewood before dark, and be extra careful not to burn down your shelter!

The type of shelter you choose depends on many factors including what materials are available, environmental conditions, choice of heat source, and whether it will be a personal or group shelter.

So plan what type of shelter you want to use, bring a hammock and a sheet, build a lean to against a dry stone wall or between two trees, build whatever design you like but remember our typical summer weather and make it water and windproof.

Wilderness121’s 10% discount

The new supplier of Purificup to the UK is Wilderness121 and they really mean business, having spoken to the director Rob Williams he has agreed to offer you dear listener a 10% discount just by putting the letters UKPRN into the code box it is that simple.

Now pop along to and check out their great range of survival related products.

Survival Eating

Your First Course Insects are the most abundant life form on earth and, except during winter, are the first foods anyone should turn to for sustenance upon becoming lost or stranded.

Not only can bugs be found in large quantities, but they are highly nutritious, being rich in fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.

The main caveat is that people who suffer from shellfish allergies should avoid them.

Grasshoppers are easy to pick off grass stems at dawn, when the nip in the air has caused them to go into torpor. Crickets, beetles, and grubs can be found under rocks.

Other good places to search include behind loose bark, in decaying stumps, and inside seed pods. Earth mounds often betray insect activity underneath.

For sorting through loose soil and rotted wood, it helps to use a digging stick. Another excellent tool for insect collection is a seine, which you can jury-rig by tying your shirt or handkerchief between two poles.

Use it to catch active bugs such as flying grasshoppers, or in a stream for aquatic insects.

Whatever your pleasure, you have your choice from more than 1,400 edible insects to choose from. If you’re from the United States, Europe or Canada, you may think that eating a bug is something reserved for bets, dares and reality TV shows.

The rest of the world has a different perspective. All over Asia, Africa, Australia, Central and South America, people eat insects.

Stranded in the wilderness for days, your stomach audibly groans from hunger. Foraging on plants or berries isn’t an option because you don’t know what’s safe to eat. Instead, you hunt.

Drawing on your dwindling energy, you manage to kill a rabbit. Now, the only thing that matters is getting that sustenance into your body fast. Building a fire and cooking could take more than an hour, so you contemplate eating it raw.

What’s the harm?

Not so fast. Sure — in the wilderness, some normal rules of civilization don’t apply.

But when it comes to meat, you need heat.

If you want to maximize your chance of survival, I recommend cooking all wild game and freshwater fish because of the threat of bacteria or parasites.

Bacteria thrive and multiply between 40 and 140 degrees Fahrenheit (4 and 60 degrees Celsius). That’s why you should cook meat until the internal temperature measures at least 150 degrees Fahrenheit (65 degrees Celsius) to effectively break down the bacteria cells and prevent them from reproducing.

You’re probably thinking:

If that’s true, then how have Eskimos and other indigenous groups survived eating raw fish meat over the years? And what about eating raw fish in dishes such as sushi?

The difference is the salt water and the temperature of the meat.

Saltwater fish are safer to eat raw because the water actually helps to kill parasites and bacteria.

The salt in the water creates a hypertonic solution, where a higher concentration of salt exists outside of the bacteria cells than inside those cells.

To correct that imbalance, the bacteria cells release their water content through osmosis. When they lose that water, they shrivel up and die. In addition, when Eskimos eat raw whale and seal meat fresh, it hasn’t had time to breed more bacteria.

Cold temperatures below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius) also stop bacteria reproduction. Sushi-grade fish, called sashimi, that people commonly eat raw has been frozen before use to help destroy any remaining bacteria.

In case of any lingering invaders, food safety guides do recommend heating all saltwater fish to more than 140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 degrees Celsius).

Food is not just a source of energy and sustenance, but a comfort item as well.

When you are hungry, morale goes down and chances of survival dwindle. There will be several opportunities to find food after the supermarkets close you just need to know where to look and what tools to have.

The first thing you need to know is that meat will only take you only so far. If you read Meriwether Lewis’s journals from their Finding Food after TEOTWAWKI exploration; the men still felt hungry although they were eating several pounds of meat per day.

You can eat 10 rabbits a day and still “starve” as rabbit lacks everything except protein for your body’s survival.

Look if I have a choice of eating “normal” food then I will by planning to do so. I intend to bug-in and therefore I will not need to eat the above, well the bugs anyway.

Hunting and fishing are a different matter altogether, I enjoy doing them and I have learned how to deal with what I shoot or catch in getting it ready to eat.

You too must plan as to what you and your family will eat. I suggest the more people who decide that they will bug-out, the more that I think will end up eating bugs.

Simply put if you have prepped enough food and supplies for you and your family for a long term SHTF situation then, if bugging out, how will you transport this food and supplies to your bug-out location?

I do not think that you will be able to do it, OK you can reader, but I do not think that everyone can.

Have you thought, no, let me put it another way, have you actually loaded up the kids, the pets, the survival kit, weapons, ammo, clothing, shelter, water, food and everything else you have bought for your families survival and driven anywhere,

NO, I thought not.

And there my fellow preppers is the problem, and if you have not practiced doing it how the hell will you manage when SHTF?

Survival Food Guide

To make your own preparedness plan, start by compiling a survival food list including the type and quantity of food items to have on hand.

Emergency survival food has come a long way since the cold war era. And it’s no longer limited to canned goods and military style meals-ready-to-eat (MRE’s) either.

Having a plentiful store of food for long-term needs within your home makes you better prepared for: income loss, economic crisis, civil unrest, flu pandemic, hurricane, loss of power, interruption in the food supply, terrorist attack or any other situation in which buying food from usual sources becomes untenable.

Prepare a food storage area in your home, using a large closet or small basement room if available, and begin stocking it today. The area should be clean, dry, free of pests, and cool with low humidity.

Sturdy shelving allows you to organize what you have and makes room for more items. Never store foods in a garage or attic, as these areas of the home typically see very high temperatures in the summer.

When it comes to survival food, you can’t be too prepared.
Obtain quality items, such as freeze dried food and dehydrated items, while it’s still easy and relatively inexpensive. You never know when your life will depend on this foresight.

Survival Foods Guide

Freeze dried, dehydrated, canned and other survival foods there are a variety of food storage and preservation methods that make good survival food stashes.

One of the best choices for quality, long-lasting, nutritious and palatable survival foods is freeze dried foods, often stored in sealed cans and foil pouches.

The foods are lightweight, making them great choices for camping and hiking as well as long-term food storage for survival.

Bulk grains, such as wheat, oats, rice, and corn are an essential element to any home food storage. You just rotate the grains and use them in your regular cooking and baking every week.

If you decide to add bulk grains to your survival food list, be sure to store them properly in sealed food quality containers, such as plastic buckets with tight-fitting lids and oxygen absorbers.

You’ll need a grain mill, which you can buy online

dehydrated foods, though they have a shorter shelf life than freeze dried, are also a good choice for home food storage. Beef jerky, and dried fruits and vegetables add variety to the diet and can be used as treats.

They are also fairly inexpensive, and should be rotated, used and replaced throughout the year. After all, the goal is to store what you eat and eat what you store.

Canned goods are another good addition, as long as they are rotated and used and replaced throughout the year.
Water is essential and should be your top priority on your survival food list.

A source of fresh water, such as a well outfitted with a hand pump in case of emergency, is obviously ideal. But for most people, Water Filters, Purifiers and Storage containers will be necessary to ensure clean water in case of a power outage or other long-term emergency.

For those with celiac disease, gluten free freeze dried foods are one of the best ways to prepare for unknown emergencies with foods that will be edible and not cause digestive problems.

In addition to freeze dried options, there are many “regular” foods, from rice pasta to steel cut oats to dried fruit that are without gluten and non-perishable so that they store well.

Since you never know when disaster may strike, building your food storage with a variety of dry goods, freeze dried entrees and other food items are a physical insurance policy against many emergencies and catastrophes.

Cable Ties the Unsung Life Savers

Have you ever tried to build a shelter with frozen fingers?
Have you ever tried to use natural cordage with frozen fingers?
Have you ever tried to attach anything to your back pack?
Have you ever tried to secure a broken limb without any cordage?
Have you ever tried to tie something to a tree branch without cordage?
Have you ever tried to assemble a trap without cordage?
The answer probably is a certain no.
But if you had to then how would you actually do it?
My survival tip is to use cable ties, simple.
So when building a shelter use the cable ties to initially hold it together then you can fix it properly with paracord or natural cordage.

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Basic Survival Skills We MUST Have

In our outdoor activities, we must learn to bring the clothing and gear we need, to make good plans, and do our best to manage any risks. But now and then, something unexpected happens. When things go wrong, the skills of wilderness survival can help make everything right again.
As preppers and survivalists we should be able to how that we know first aid for and how to prevent injuries or illnesses that could occur in the outdoors, including hypothermia, heat reactions, frostbite, dehydration, blisters, insect Sting and tick bites.
From memory, we should be able to list the seven priorities for survival in a wilderness location.
In a group we should discuss ways to avoid panic and maintain a high level of morale when lost, and explain why this is important.
We should be able to describe the steps we would take to survive in the following conditions:
Cold and snowy
Wet (forest)
Hot and dry (desert)
Windy (mountains or plains)
Water (ocean, lake, or river)
We should be able to put together a personal survival kit and explain how each item in it could be useful.

Using three different methods (other than matches), build and light three fires.
Do the following:
Show five different ways to attract attention when lost.
Demonstrate how to use a signal mirror.

Describe from memory five ground-to-air signals and say what they mean.
Improvise a natural shelter. For the purpose of this demonstration, use techniques that have little negative impact on the environment. Spend a night in your shelter.

Demonstrate three ways to treat water found in the outdoors to prepare it for drinking.
Show that you know the proper clothing to wear in your area on an overnight in extremely hot weather and in extremely cold weather.

The Survival Staff

Just walk into the woods empty handed and you’ll soon encounter the first tool.

A knife takes a little more evolution to create, but there’s always a stick at hand. Even a crude broken branch has loads of potential uses, from brushing aside the webs of spiders to keeping enemies at a distance.

Ever since humans learned to walk upright they’ve compensated for the loss of those two other feet with sticks.
Go onto a modern hiking trail today, however, and the staff is a rare item. People are almost embarrassed to carry them.

Is it a sign of weakness? a mark of age? a fashion miss statement? Unless it’s a high tech trekking pole, the staff has fallen out of favour.

Historically, stick weapons are the mainstay of cultures where people travel isolated and wild pathways yet do not wish to present a threatening appearance.

If you want a fundamental level of defensive ability without looking like a paranoid invader, the staff is the perfect choice.

Although we think of today’s world, especially here in the UK, as tame and civilized, the reality we face in the wilderness isn’t so different from that of older and tougher days.

Animals of all kinds share the world with us and get cranky about it, and you can’t trust everyone you meet on the trail. A good poking stick can preserve the peace without causing serious injury.

In recent times society’s reaction to any form of animal violence has been to eliminate both species and ecosystem. I think we’ve grown beyond that, but not far beyond that. In modern instances of predation against humans, the individual animals pay the price–as well as any suspect animals who just happen to be in the area.

Our fellow beasts are intelligent as well as cautious–if they test one of us, and learn that we are pointy and belligerent, they probably will not try us out again.

That’s good for everybody. The guy with the stick is not dangerous to the balance; the guy without one is.
Luckily, I have seldom had any reason to apply this aspect of the art of Stick. The most common encounters I’ve had are with cows and the loose dogs who probably already had a low opinion of humans.

The only potentially deadly confrontation in my collection was with a grumpy young bull who showed up in a bad mood as I was trying to cross his field. No real carnivores have ever attacked me, and they probably won’t. I carry a big stick.

The hiking staff is much more than a self-defence device tool. It will be used most often for very ordinary things like keeping your footing. I can think of any number of reasons to have one.

To part underbrush on a trail, to take some weight and balance before you shift from this boulder to that ledge, to prop yourself against a current on a swift water crossing–the needs and the uses are endless.

Yes, you could make a staff on the spot, when you happen to need one–no, if you choose that last minute response, you won’t have anything dependable.

A good staff will save your life. A rotten branch won’t.

The Survival Spear

When it comes to a survival situation, having a useful weapon is a necessity.

However, an easily obtained weapon is not always readily available.

That said though if one uses their wits about them they can fashion an effective survival spear from many different materials.

One of the first types of survival spears that can be relatively easy to make is the wood tipped spear.

To make this spear, you simply need a straight piece of wood and a knife. You then take the knife and sharpen one end of the straight wooden piece into a spear point.

To strengthen this weapon, you can fire harden the tip of it.

In order to fire harden the tip of it, you will need to place the tip of the spear into the fire and let the tip begin to burn. As soon as the tip begins to burn, you remove the spear from the fire and extinguish the burning end of the spear.

At this point, you then use your knife to scrape any charred wood from the tip of the spear. The spear is now finished and the tip has been fire hardened to make a sharp and durable weapon.

Another type of survival spear that can easily be produced is the rock or glass tipped spear. To make this type of spear, you simply need a straight piece of wood, a knife, a sharp piece of rock or glass, and a length of some kind of cordage.

With these materials, you first split one end of the straight wooden piece down the centre of the shaft for a length of about 2 inches. Then you place the blunt end of the sharp piece of rock or glass into this split.

Make sure to position the sharp side of the rock or glass to the outside so that the tip of the spear will be sharp. Next use the cordage to tightly tie the split back together. Once this is done, the spear should be finished.

It is a good idea to make sure that the tip of the spear is firmly locked into position. If there is any slack in the spearhead, then you should tie the cordage tighter around the split in the wooden piece until the spearhead cannot move. Once this is accomplished, the spear is completed.

The final type of survival spear that can be easily produced is the metal tipped spear. This type of spear requires you to have a sharp piece of metal or a few straight sharp metal pieces, like bike spokes.

Then you will also need a knife, some form of cordage, and a straight wooden piece.

Once these materials are in hand, you can begin making your spear. To make this type of spear, you need to either split the wood down the middle in the case of a single metal spear point, or you will need to sharpen the wood piece to a tip in the case of using several sharp narrow metal pieces.

Then use the cordage to secure the single metal point into the wooden split, if this is the type of spear point you are working with.

If you are working with multiple narrow metal points, then you will use the cordage to secure these pieces to the outside of the spear around the sharpened wooden tip.

Once this is done the spear will be finished. Of the three types of spears mentioned here for survival, this is the most durable and useful.

A metal tipped spear cannot only be useful for hunting game, but it can also be used for fishing and defending yourself against threats.

Overall, the knowledge gained from making your own survival spear will serve you well, should you ever be in a survival situation. It will allow you to quickly and easily make a weapon that can help you to procure food and to defend against threats.

In the end, the skill and know-how gained from building your own survival spear could one day save your life.

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Survival Napping

As survivors we often think in terms of taking action in order to survive.

For example we have our bug-out bags pre-packed and are ready to go, so that we may walk or drive many miles with enough supplies to get us there.

Survivors know how to build a fire in many different ways under a variety of adverse conditions. Survivors can obtain drinkable water and forage edible foods from a plethora of sources.

As survival experts we can defend ourselves and our property to the best of our ability.

And that is just the beginning. When the going gets tough the experienced wilderness and urban survivor springs into action, taking adversity head on.

But not always. A wise old friend of mine once told me, “Sometimes the best thing you can do – is do nothing!”

When the going gets tough sometimes the best thing to do is to take a long nap. During very bad weather or social unrest it is often not wise to continue on with your plans.

Rather than flail about in wind and storm or risk altercation during social unrest, simply go to sleep and wait it out! You will save your energy, reduce the risk of injury, and get a good rest besides.

Sometimes the best thing you can do- is do nothing!

This strategy has been employed by experienced wilderness survivors such as the northern Native Americans during foul winter weather, arctic explorers, and high mountain expeditions like those on Mount Everest and K2.

Even the very squirrels and other animals, natures experienced survival instructors, will hunker down during the worst of conditions. They simply curl up in their dens and go to sleep.

During a survival situation of any kind, the ability to sleep warm, dry, and comfortable is very important and can mean the difference between health and the ability to take action during waking hours or possibly not making it out alive.

If you have the proper survival gear and knowledge, your outdoor sleep system can get you through the most trying of times with little expenditure of precious energy or exposure to danger.

Basic Wilderness Survival Skills

Fear – For anyone faced with a wilderness emergency survival situation, fear is a normal reaction. Unless an emergency situation has been anticipated, fear is generally followed by panic then pain, cold, thirst, hunger, fatigue, boredom and loneliness. It is extremely important to calmly assess the situation and not allow these seven enemies to interfere with your survival.

Pain – Pain may often be ignored in a panic situation. Remember to deal with injuries immediately before they become even more serious.

Cold – Cold lowers the ability to think, numbing the body and reducing the will to survive. Never allow yourself to stop moving or to fall asleep unless adequately sheltered.

Thirst – Dehydration is a common enemy in an emergency situation and must not be ignored. It can dull your mind, causing you to overlook important survival information.

Hunger – Hunger is dangerous but seldom deadly. It may reduce your ability to think logically and increase your susceptibility to the effects of cold, pain and fear.

Fatigue – Fatigue is unavoidable in any situation so it is best to keep in mind that it can and will lower your mental ability. Remember that in an emergency situation this is often the bodies way of escaping a difficult situation.

Boredom & Loneliness – These enemies are quite often unanticipated and may lower the mind’s ability to deal with the situation.

Building a fire is the most important task when dealing with survival in the wilderness. Be sure to build yours in a sandy or rocky area or near a supply of sand and water as to avoid forest fires. The most common mistakes made by those attempting to build a fire are: choosing poor tinder, failing to shield precious matches from the wind and smothering the flames with too large pieces of fuel. The four most important factors when starting a fire are spark – tinder – fuel – oxygen.

1. Waterproof, strike-anywhere matches are your best bet. Matches may be water-proofed by dipping them in nail polish. Store your matches in a waterproof container.

2. A cigarette lighter is also a good way to produce a spark, with or without fuel.

3. The flint and steel method is one of the oldest and most reliable methods in fire starting. Aim the sparks at a pile of dry tinder to produce a fire.

4. The electric spark produced from a battery will ignite a gasoline dampened rag.

5. Remove half of the powder from a bullet and pour it into the tinder. Next place a rag in the cartridge case of the gun and fire. The rag should ignite and then may be placed into the tinder.

6. Allow the sun’s rays to pass through a magnifying glass onto the tinder.
Dry grass, paper or cloth lint, gasoline-soaked rags and dry bark are all forms of tinder. Place your tinder in a small pile resembling a tepee with the driest pieces at the bottom. Use a fire starter or strip of pitch if it is available.

Before building your shelter be sure that the surrounding area provides the materials needed to build a good fire, a good water source and shelter from the wind. It is important to keep in mind that smaller pieces of kindling such as, twigs, bark, shavings and gasoline, are necessary when trying to ignite larger pieces of fuel.

Gather fuel before attempting to start your fire. Obviously dry wood burns better and wet or pitchy wood will create more smoke. Dense, dry wood will burn slow and hot. A well ventilated fire will burn best.

Wilderness shelters may include:
1. Natural shelters such as caves and overhanging cliffs. When exploring a possible shelter tie a piece of string to the outer mouth of the cave to ensure you will be able to find your way out. Keep in mind that these caves may already be occupied. If you do use a cave for shelter, build your fire near its mouth to prevent animals from entering.

2. Enlarge the natural pit under a fallen tree and line it with bark or tree boughs.

3. Near a rocky coastal area, build a rock shelter in the shape of a U, covering the roof with driftwood and a tarp or even seaweed for protection.

4. A lean-to made with poles or fallen trees and a covering of plastic, boughs, thick grasses or bark is effective to shelter you from wind, rain and snow.

5. A wigwam may be constructed using three long poles. Tie the tops of the poles together and upright them in an appropriate spot. Cover the sides with a tarp, boughs, raingear or other suitable materials. Build a fire in the centre of the wigwam, making a draft channel in the wall and a small hole in the top to allow smoke to escape.

6. If you find yourself in open terrain, a snow cave will provide good shelter. Find a drift and burrow a tunnel into the side for about 60 cm (24 in) then build your chamber. The entrance of the tunnel should lead to the lowest level of you chamber where the cooking and storage of equipment will be. A minimum of two ventilating holes are necessary, preferably one in the roof and one in the door.

Clothing must provide warmth and offer protection from the elements. Layers of light, natural fibers are best. Hats are a must, as they offer protection from both the heat and cold. Water proof outer layers are necessary.

Equipment must be easily manageable and promote survival in any situation. Items to carry in your pockets may include a fire starter, waterproof matches and/or lighter, a pocket knife, goggles, compass, small first-aid kit and some sort of trail food.

Items for your survival kit should be packed in a waterproof container that can double as a cooking pot and water receptacle and be attached to your belt.

In addition to a survival kit, a good, comfortable backpack is mandatory. Loads of about 18 kg (40 lb.) are average. Items to include are; flashlight, extra jacket, socks and mittens, a pocket saw, gas camp stove, first aid kit, emergency food, and a tent and fly.

Useful items to include on your trek are:
1. A map and compass.
2. A large, bright plastic bag will be useful as a shelter, signalling device or in lieu of raingear.
3. A flashlight with extra batteries.
4. Extra water and food.
5. Extra clothing such as raingear, a toque and gloves, a sweater and pants.
6. Sun protection such as sunglasses, sunscreen, a hat and long sleeved clothing.
7. A sharp pocket knife.
8. Waterproof matches, a lighter and/or a flint.
9. Candles and fire starter.
10. A first aid kit.
11. A whistle, flares, a tarp.
Before going into the wilderness check weather forecasts and local any hazards that could cause you problem.

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Owl Eyes: A Core Awareness Skill

Picture an owl perched on a tree branch 25ft above the ground. Sitting there motionless with its owl eyes in a fixed gaze. The “form” we are gaining from the “owl” is that of wide peripheral vision. Stillness yields motion for the owl. When the owl holds perfect stillness, all motion is very evident.

The bird language practitioner or tracker gains from this by practicing the same kind of stillness and wide-angle vision as demonstrated by the owl. To utilize this best, owl eyes should be applied in combination with Fox Walking, and other moving forms, and is exceptional practice at the quiet sit.

Owls have developed eyes so big and so powerful that they have actually outgrown their eye sockets and are “frozen” in place.

Imagine that you are an owl. Look straight ahead and imagine that your eyeballs are stuck in your eye sockets and cannot move.

Now, look straight ahead toward wherever your body is facing. Pick a spot directly across from you that you can train your eyes on without moving. Hold that spot in the centre of your vision as your focal point. If your eyes wander off, bring them back to your focal point again. Always return to that one spot.

While staring at that spot and without moving your eyeballs, notice that you can also see part of the ground or floor between you and that spot.

And without moving your eyeballs you can see part of the sky or ceiling between you and that spot. You can see the ground, the sky, and that spot all at the same time using your peripheral vision. This is owl eyes.

Build on this peripheral vision now by adding to your awareness the farthest thing you can see to the left and the farthest thing you can see to the right, all without moving your eyeballs. You can see these five things at once: your focal point, the ground, the sky, the extreme left, and the extreme right.

How to improve/Practice- from an early age most of us have mostly utilized a narrow field vision. Reading words on a page, for instance, mandates a tunnelling of our vision.

Therefore, the rods and cones within the retina allowing owl eyes to work have not been physically exercised. Most likely you will repeatedly slip back into a more focused vision.

Therefore a conscious effort to practice owl eyes is crucial for integrating this technique into your routines. Through practice you will watch your field of vision literally expand to encompass a larger area.

Survival Kit Preparation

The best way to survive a disaster or emergency situation is to be prepared for it. People have known this for years; it’s the reason our society has storm cellars and fire extinguishers.

Outdoor enthusiasts, however, face a more challenging obstacle when trying to prepare for an unfortunate camping, hiking, hunting, or fishing emergency.

Or preppers and survivalists training for a SHTF event out in the woods, or even Bugging Out for real.

The sheer number of different types of disasters that can happen to an even seasoned outdoor enthusiast makes it especially hard to prepare essential tools and supplies before leaving on an adventure.

You might think did I forget something? Do I have too much of one item? Not enough? Putting together a survival kit for you can be frustrating, time-consuming, and costly. Luckily, many outdoor supply companies carry pre-assembled survival kits, or can at least help you put yours together.

But first, you’ll want to understand the specific types of dangers your outdoor activity presents and the best ways to protect yourself against them.

Different outdoor activities present different physical challenges to enthusiasts. These different challenges require different types of survival kits.

The camping or hiking enthusiast will most likely be more concerned with reliable navigation tools, such as maps and compasses, and making sure he or she has plenty of provisions.

The hunter, however, might be more concerned with his or her protection against potentially dangerous animals, while those who fish will obviously want to bring plenty of dry clothes.

It’s important not to get too caught up in the niche of your specific outdoor activity, however. Just because the main point of your trip may be camping doesn’t mean you shouldn’t bring along a hunting knife or fishhooks.

The prepper and survivalist must plan for all these eventualities while either training or seeking a covert life style.

Another important aspect of your adventure to consider when deciding on a survival kit is the climate and terrain of where your outdoor activity is taking place. Different weather extremes can cause problems for outdoor enthusiasts, even on a single trip.

Hikers traveling through the cool lowland lakes area can still experience heat exhaustion, especially in the summer, just as desert campers can easily freeze at night despite the daytime heat.

Get a professional opinion of what you should include in your survival kit if you are unfamiliar with the climate and weather patterns of the area you’re exploring.

Of course, there are basic items that are essential to any survival kit, no matter what your outdoor activity of choice. The most important components of a survival kit are ones that satisfy the following needs: protection against the elements, or, shelter; first aid or medical supplies; food, water, or the tools needed to procure them; ways to signal rescuers; and finally, tools to help guide outdoor enthusiasts back to familiar territory.

The duration of your outdoor adventure will determine how thoroughly you should pack your survival kit, but here are a few essentials.

The best way to keep warm and protect your from the elements is by packing lightweight, water-resistant clothing and blankets. Reflective aluminium blankets help retain body heat and act as signals to rescuers.

Waterproof ponchos are an effective way to stay dry in wet climates, as well as being lightweight and easy to pack.

Mosquito nets are another easy-to-pack, effective protection method against nasty elements.

You will probably want to start a fire, so include in your survival kit tools that will help you do so. Waterproof matches and lighters are easy and convenient, but if you happen to be in an outdoor setting for long you run the risk of running out of matches or fuel for your lighter.

Do-it-yourself tools, such as fire steel, can help provide you with warmth longer and with greater reliability.
Making sure you keep your physical body healthy is essential for outdoor enthusiasts.

Any good survival kit will include first aid supplies meant to treat a wide variety of health problems or accidents.

Bandages, sterile pads, gauze, and disinfectant are crucial if you happen to experience a flesh wound while aspirin, antacids, and allergy medication will help with internal afflictions.

Other first-aid items you will want to include are insect repellent, lip-balm, sunscreen, toilet paper, feminine hygiene products, and a large supply of any prescription medication you take.

Food and water are essential safety kit items but are unfortunately difficult to pack in bulk. It is recommended to have at least three gallons of water – a three to six day supply – on hand for any outdoor trip, unless you plan to filter your drinking water un-route.

Ready-to-eat or canned foods are great but take up a lot of space in a kit. High-energy foods, such as chocolate, nuts, and dehydrated fruits, are a better bet; they are more compact and are easier to ration, making them last longer.

Multi-vitamins are also a good idea; in an emergency situation you may not be getting all the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy.

Finally, you will want to pack items that will help search-and-rescue workers find you more easily. Lightweight LED flashlights and lanterns are perfect. They have long battery lives and can be spotted from quite far away.

Flares are attention-grabbing, yes, but are single-use and carry the risk of starting an unwanted fire. A good compass can help you find your way back to more familiar areas or, at the very least, get you comfortable with the terrain you’re currently in.
Many outdoor supply companies sell multipurpose tools that have miniature compasses built in.

these are very handy reduce the number of items you have to carry in your survival kit.
There may be, of course, other items you deem essential to your specific outdoor adventure.

While it is important to be prepared, you don’t want to over pack and weigh yourself down unnecessarily.

Survival kits should be helpful, not burdensome. Wherever your enthusiasm lies – camping, hiking, hunting, fishing – a well-packed, well-prepared survival kit will add peace of mind to your adventure, even if you never have to use it.

You’re Survival Kit

Making a Survival Kit is essential for people who live in areas that are prone to natural disasters.

The majority of these disasters are earthquake, flooding, hurricane, bush fires, tsunamis, etc. A bug out bag is not only necessary for all households but for sportsmen as well.

There are times, that survival skills equates to life or death and this determines the well-being of a person during emergencies. Making a survival kit does not only equate to the preparation of some items to survive a catastrophe being trained to use the actual survival kit items is also necessary.

There are survivalist who refute the usefulness of making a survival kit. This is due to the fact that people who make them do not really have the actual hands on experience with the items.
In this regard, we may say that these survivalist are correct. What will be the use of these materials if a person does not qualify or know how to use them?

Throughout this article I will not only discuss how important the making a survival kit is but how the 10 most important items are to be used. Scenarios such as being lost in a wood can turn out into an ugly situation, however if you have your urban survival kit things can be steered into a more positive experience.

There was a story of a 93 year old woman who survived a devastating snow storm. She remained inside her house for 5 days. When rescue arrived, she was asked if she wanted to evacuate, she refused evacuation and asked for fire wood instead.

She survived eating canned foods and was able to warm herself by burning fire wood she does not have knowledge of making a survival kit. Using her common sense and being prepared at all times helped her through.

A survival story does not have to be grand, laced with several horrific incidents however not all stories have a happy ending but being equipped with the correct tools and knowledge may ensure safety.

Steps in making a survival kit

1. Making a survival kit requires a list of the most important things to include in your very own kit. Create a list of the things you may need once a disaster or emergency occurs.

2. Pick a container big enough to contain all of the items in your list. The container should be easy to carry around and have a room for all the items that you may need.

3. Gather your materials the most important are the things that will aid you once you are on the run or looking for an evacuation centre where food and other necessities are present. We will break down the materials that you may need while you are looking for a suitable temporary shelter.

4. Water – When making a survival kit make sure that all persons in the household are accounted for. One gallon of water is suffice for a person for one day. Your kit must contain supplies that will last for 3 days or 72 hours.

5. Food – When a tragedy strikes expect that food will be scarce. When making a survival kit, make sure to include food that has a long shelf life, a good source of energy and no cooking is necessary

6. Clothing – Warmth is important, pack clothes that are warm and comfortable for movement.

7. Making a survival kit is not complete without the items that will allow you to know what is going on around you. Prepare a battery operated transistor radio with fresh batteries. Also include whistles, flares and matches.

8. Include a first aid kit in your survival kit, medical supplies such as over-the-counter medicines, special medical equipment if someone in the household needs it. Although some medical apparatus is heavy and may slow you down find an alternative for it if possible. If there are infants, make sure that the supplies they need are also included in your kit.

Making a survival kit is not easy, but it will prove to be useful in the future.
The logic behind in making a survival kit

Making a survival kit may prove to be useless if the person who has it does not know how to use the items included in it.

Train yourself on how to use and operate items that are included in your kit. Read manuals ahead of time to ensure that the emergency arrives you are well prepared.

Making a survival kit requires patience and dedication, you do not have to have all the materials right away, however you will have to complete it as soon as you can. In doing so, you are well prepared and ready for an emergency.

If a certain situation arrives and you are unsure of what to do, ensure that you think clearly and assess the situation. Your survival kit items are your life line during emergencies.

Making a survival kit does not ensure your safety however it increases your survival rate dramatically.

Nigel at has offered you dear listener 10% on all his products simply by using the code PREP10.

Gift ideas for preppers & survivalists


links to gift ideas for the preppers and survivalists in your life-or ideas for a treat for yourself 

THE GERBER REMIX TACTICAL KNIFE                                    THE LIGHTERBRO
THE TITANIUM SPORK                                    THE SHARP SHOOTER KEY CHAIN

The NomadClip and The NomadKey              The Camp Fire Cooking Grill

The Parry   HUNTER                            Top Quality Long Life Survival Food

LOST IT– FIND IT                                     UK HERBAL TEAS and more

SNUGPAK Sleeper Extreme                       PARACORD PRODUCTS


The Lifestraw GO                        DANISH ENDURANCE Compression Socks

Hypergear DRY BAG Q // 5 Liter –   Blue Hypergear DRY BAG // 10 Liter


“Weatherproof” 3-Peice Fire Starting Kit                Paracord Bracelets, Fire Starters

Foldable Pocket Cooker, Canteen Cup Stove          The Biolite Energy Bundle       The Pocket Shot    Excalibur Dehydrator-4500

Sharkfin Survival Watches                    Sport Berkey Water Bottle

The Paracord Survival Kits                    The SaveAqua Tap


The TAC-BAR                                             UK Legal Crayfish Trap

The Viper Pro 8.0 Sidezip EN                V-Lite Altitude Pro Lite RGS Waterproof Men’s Walking Boot

The Drinkmaster Pods                            The UK Legal Carry Pocket Buddy

The Bobble & Bobble Sport Water filter Bottles

The Tom Linden Bug-Out Belt

Mobile Solar Chargers, Portable Solar and Power Banks       The HAMMER Slingshot   The Ghillie Kettle                 The TinderZip             The “Coast HP5 Tactical LED Torch”

TIW Farb Gel (Temporary Identification Witness)

Military & Defence Camp Tap & Shower System               Huel Nutrition Food    TARPHAT

The Friendly Swede Water-resistant Duffle Bag                The Pure2Go








Prepping Page Two


How to Get 30 Days of Food Preps

Fancy 30 days’ worth of food? well here is what I recommend for beginners.

The idea is to simplify the beginning stages of storing food and to get you to a minimum of 30 days of stored food as quickly and as cheaply as possible.

As you know I am not a fan of those big cases of Mountain House or Wise food. Although prepared foods like this absolutely have a place in your overall food preps, you should not be relying completely on these foods to make up your entire stockpile.

Your food preps should be as normal as your daily food intake already is, if you wouldn’t eat Mountain House every day of the week now, why would that change in a long-term disaster scenario?

Another trap new preppers experience is “sticker-shock” when looking at the prices of these foods.

This can lead to newer preppers taking far too long to even get to 30 days of stored food, which is the bare minimum everyone should have on hand, right now, no matter what.

This survival prep list is a cheap way for a new prepper, or someone rebuilding their stockpile from scratch to make a few trips to the supermarket and walk out with 30 days of long-term storable food that will last for years to come for a fraction of the cost of 30 days of freeze-dried prepared meals.

This list is developed based for a typical family of 4 with an average daily calorie count of about 2000 calories per day.

5 pounds of wheat flour – Flour can be used to make literally hundreds of different foods including bread, pasta, tortillas, pie crusts, biscuits and desserts.

Flour can also be used to thicken soups and sauces. Be sure to keep in mind any wheat or gluten allergies you might have in your family.

A good alternative to wheat flour would be corn meal.

I suggest wheat flour above white flour simply because wheat flour contains more fibre and nutrients than white flour, which gives you more bang for less.

10 pounds of brown rice – Rice has been the staple food source in many areas of the world for centuries.

It takes on other flavours very easily and is a great carbohydrate addition to most meals.

Brown rice is suggested over white for the same reason as wheat flour.

Brown rice still has the rice hull attached which is packed with protein, fibre and other nutrients.

It does take a little more care when cooking but once you get the hang of it, brown rice actually tastes much better than white.

100 (8oz. tins) of tinned vegetables – It is important to have a well-balanced diet within your stored foods.

You can’t live off of rice and beans alone.

Tinned vegetables do have a slightly lower nutrient value than fresh, but they store very well.

Pick out a good variety of canned vegetables but make sure that you’re picking ones that you actually like and keep in mind how you are going to prepare them and what flavourings you will add to them.

5 pounds of pasta – Pasta is another great carbohydrate that takes on other flavours very well, stores essentially forever if done correctly and packs a lot of calories.

5 (jars) of pasta sauce – Pick out a good variety of different sauces but pay attention to the expiration dates on them.

Most sauces can store unopened for several years, however some types of organic sauces do expire much quicker.

Pasta sauce is also very versatile and can be used with various vegetables and carbohydrates.

10 pounds of beans – It wouldn’t be a survival food list without beans!

There are hundreds of varieties of dried beans that are great for long-term storage. Be sure to experiment with different varieties to find the kinds that you like.

Also keep in mind that beans do require a significant amount of water to hydrate and cook.

3 large jars of peanut butter – Peanut butter is a great survival food because it stores for a very long time, is fairly resistant to temperature changes and is a great source of protein and fat.

Just make sure to keep in mind any possible nut allergies. An allergic reaction in a survival scenario could be a death sentence.

2 (packs) of yeast – Yeast is extremely versatile.

It can make anything from breads to alcohol. If you have never worked with yeast before, buy some and do some experimenting.

3 boxes of baking powder and baking soda – These are important ingredients in baking and open up a whole new set of foods that you can make.

5 pounds of sugar – Sugar is just one of those staples that is necessary when making foods from scratch and is the easiest flavouring ingredient you can use.

White sugar stores much better than brown.

Brown sugar goes bad quicker and will turn solid quickly.

100 tins of tinned meats – In a survival situation protein should be your biggest concern.

Protein fills you up faster, keeps you full longer, typically has the highest calorie count and gives you the most long-term energy.

Be sure to try out as many canned meats as you can for both variety and preference.

Are you Prepared to Survive
The most important part of survival is being prepared to survive for an extended period of time whenever you leave the comforts of civilisation and the nearness of travelled roads.
Many of us either are – or will be – involved in wilderness activities of one kind or another, whether as part of your job or as recreation.
Survival preparation is just as – if not more – important when you are flying from one place to another and your flight plan takes you over untracked wilderness, deserts or snow caped mountains.
Most of the following suggestions in this section are geared towards land survival.
There are some key areas you need to be aware of in order to survive over a long period.
Yes it is true that most people who survive are rescued or find their way back to civilisation within three days of becoming lost or being injected into a survival situation through illness or accident while in the wilderness.
But – and this is what is most important to you – there are some people who have to survive for weeks or months before they return to the comforts of modern society.
If you ever have the misfortune to become one of those people, a strong background in survival knowledge and technique may just save your skin, as surely as ignorance will likely cost you your life.
There are still significant numbers of wilderness fatalities who would still be alive – if only they had learned the skills they needed to survive.
What do you need before you are really prepared for survival? A positive attitude, training and practice, and a few essential pieces of equipment.
You need to want to survive and you need to believe that you can. Otherwise, you become too easily depressed and willing to give up the fight – and it really is a fight – against the worst that circumstances, climate, weather, terrain, natural enemies (like wild animals and mosquitos) and remoteness can throw at you.
As we sit in front of our computers – we have things pretty good, although we may be getting further and further out of shape if we spend TOO many hours here!
Things can be a whole lot different if you are faced with an airplane that will never fly again, the beginnings of a three-day blizzard, and two hundred kilometres to the nearest road, with injured companions.
Things are also a lot different if you are lost having finally figuring out that you are not where you are supposed to be – and that you haven’t the foggiest idea of just where “here” is!
Think it can’t happen? Ahhhh, but it does! Nearly every day…
People who spend a great deal of time in wilderness areas will probably never admit to being well and truly lost – though they may confess to having been “a bit confused for a couple of days a time or two”.
A positive outlook, no matter how bad the situation, is one of the keys to keeping you alert and aware of what’s going on around you. If you become depressed and give up, your chances of long-term survival decrease drastically.
Training and Practice
No matter how positive your attitude, you will not do well in a survival situation without the knowledge and skills you need to live off the land with only the barest minimum of equipment and supplies.
It takes time to gain these, and you cannot learn everything you need to know from books or websites alone, no matter how good the information or how reputable its author(s).
Your primary survival tool is your brain, and it can never be fully effective without the experience of actual survival living situations and skills practices.
There is absolutely no substitute for starting a fire in the rain without using a lighter or any matches, any more than there is a substitute for preparing food you have obtained by collecting plants or killing animals… Some of the essential tasks of survival are rather less than pleasant, but you need these skills to keep yourself and your companions alive and healthy enough to continue surviving.
Survival courses require a combination of classroom-style work and hands-on experience with the techniques and tools. While some of the training can take place during your usual meeting time, you will need at least a full outdoor weekend for the practical side of even an introductory course.
More time will be required for survival training courses that will help you build your skills to a level where you will be able to survive a majority of situations.
Your skills will also improve if you haul them out and use them frequently. You can also challenge yourself from time to time by spending a weekend with a planned survival camp.
Equipping to Survive
There really is not space enough here to tell you how to build survival kits, and doing so in this format would leave you without the training you will need to be able to effectively use the items in the kit.
However, there are a few basic principles involved in building a survival kit for yourself that I can mention to get you thinking.
Before you begin building your survival kit, you need to decide what its purpose is. Will it need to be small enough to put in your pocket, or will you be able to carry it in your backpack or a small daypack?
If it’s for your pack, what will you have left over if you lose the pack in a stream crossing or through some other misadventure?
Your survival kits (the one in your pocket and the one you add to your pack) should change in content with the season.
For instance, you will need more ways of getting fires started really quickly in the winter-time than you will in the summer, when you will want to trade out some fire-starters for insect repellents.
In addition to whatever else you put in the kit, you should consider getting a miniature survival guide – one that has a good plant-identification section. While this may seem to be a trivial recommendation, there are plants that mimic each other in appearance, with one being edible, and the other, well, not…
Your best source of information for building an appropriate set of survival skills for yourself will come from a combination of good research and quality survival information.
Could you live the Prepper Lifestyle?
Living a prepper lifestyle is not only good for preparing for the future, but it’s a great way to live a less stressful life. Many people get tired of the rat race and long for something more calming.
A few give up their suburban lives and head for remote locations. That’s not what being a prepper is about.
Being a prepper is not about pulling yourself away from society and living like a hermit.
It’s simply living a life that doesn’t rely on the others to see you through a short term or long term disaster. While being a prepper is a great way to live, it’s really not for everyone.
So how can you tell who’s a good fit and who will absolutely hate living the life of a prepper? First, living the prepper lifestyle takes a complete commitment. The life is not for you if you think you want to dabble in it and see how it goes.
You’re either into it, or you’re not. If you’re ready to give up the way you’ve been living until now, and you’re ready to break free of the capitalistic mentality taught by society, then the lifestyle is for you.
If you know that you’re ready to walk away from being dependent on others for your needs, then this is for you. You have to believe that what you’re gaining is a better life for yourself and your family.
If you know that you’re ready to get organized and are committed to building your short term and long term list of goods and supplies, then the prepper lifestyle is something you’d find to be a good fit.
Being ready to become totally self-sufficient is a good clue that you’re ready for a life change. If you’re ready to learn about self-protection and first aid and how to take care of yourself and your family through anything, then you’re ready.
Being a prepper is not about living to the extreme the way the wacky survivalists you see portrayed on television live. It means you accept that there are things outside your control that could impact your life greatly, such as disasters, government collapse, etc. – and you want to be ready for whatever comes.
That’s when you know you’re ready for the prepper lifestyle. But not everyone who thinks they are, actually is ready.
If you’re in a relationship and your partner is dead-set against it, hates it, wants no part of it, you’re not ready if you don’t want to risk ruining the relationship.
You’re not ready if there are certain things in your life that you feel you absolutely can’t give up – such as a daily trip to the local pub or that expensive cup of coffee.
You’re not ready and the lifestyle is not for you if you set aside money for supplies but then spend it on going out to eat or shopping for a new pair of shoes or the latest video game.
You’re not ready if you have a deep attachment to the conveniences of life and rely too heavily on technology. You can’t imagine your life without modern technology is a sign you’re not ready.
If you have an unwillingness to learn how to prepare for the future or aren’t interested in sustainable living, then you’re not ready for the prepper lifestyle.
But most people can I think see a day when the worst case scenario happens, and if it happens to you, you’ll have to deal with it – ready or not.

Organizing your every Day Carry

Having a proper every day carry (EDC) setup is one of the most important things you can do to be prepared, well, every day.
While you can get separated from your bug out bag and might not be able to get home quickly, your everyday carry is always on you to help you survive and get things done.
I have covered some basics on the best every day carry setup before, but that’s really only useful if you’re starting from scratch.
If you just want to fine-tune your EDC however, there isn’t a lot out there to help. Lucky for you, I have compiled a list of five ways to fine-tune your EDC setup so it’s more useful and always at hand.
When starting out with every day carry items, it’s common to start with things that go in your pockets. This is great until you run out of room and your EDC makes you uncomfortable.
Once you’ve got some EDC experience, try moving to other locations on your body for keeping items. The most common upgrade is moving to your belt.
By keeping your knife or multi-tool on your belt along with other small items, you can free up space in your pockets while keeping everything you need on you.
You don’t have to go crazy here and have a belt that would rival an SAS Trooper, but simply keeping your knife, fire starter, and multi tool on your belt can give you a lot more space than you had before. Moving past your belt, think about your trousers and shirts with additional pockets that can hold items, too. By spreading your EDC out over your entire body, you ease the burden and make it far more comfortable.
Weight vs. Usefulness
If you’ve had an EDC setup for some time now you probably realize that not everything that you think is vitally important really is. It’s easy to go overboard and fill your pockets with things you MIGHT use at some point.
If you’re feeling weighed down by your EDC it might be time to take inventory of what you’re carrying and see if the weight of each item is really worth it.
For example, you might carry a small water filter straw with you in a cargo pocket, but you could lighten the load by using a small pill container with some water purification tablets in it.
Another weight-saving idea is the use of a small LED light instead of a standard torch/flashlight.
While the torch/flashlight is better, the keychain light can free up space for other more important items.
If you only follow one tip in this list, make it this one. KISS stands for Keep It Simple, Stupid. Don’t overthink your EDC setup by trying to plan for every possible scenario. Your EDC is meant to give you a leg up on everyone else, not to be a mini bug out bag.
Keep things simple and don’t stress out about it. Keep the essentials like a source of fire, a knife, a multi-tool, watch, and a weapon if you’re able to.
Beyond this just include items that make you feel safe and comfortable without trying to plan out scenarios. Trust me, even the most basic EDC setup is far more than the average person has.
Less is Sometimes More
Having an elaborate every day carry setup is great, until it’s so elaborate that you stop using it. The idea of an EDC is to have it with you every day.
If it takes 15 minutes to load yourself up chances are you’ll leave the house from time to time without it, and that’s not good at all.
It’s often better to have less items with you that you carry all the time than a lot of items that you only carry every now and then.
Think about what you need and ask yourself what would happen if the SHTF and you didn’t have the item in question? Would it make a difference? If not, ditch it and free that space up for something else.
The less items you have the less chance you have at forgetting something or losing something, and that means the pieces you do use are more valuable and overall better.
Trial and Error
Finally, don’t be afraid to change things. I have talked about changing your EDC for colder weather, but you can make changes to it every day if that suits you.
Try items out and if they don’t work, ditch them and find something new. Don’t put up with pieces in your EDC that you’re not in love with.
These are things you have with you 24/7, so you better love them or else you’ll hate carrying them.
Try a few setups out to see how they work and if you like them or not. Try your knife in a front pocket, back pocket, belt…try it all.
You won’t know what you really like unless you try a few different ways.

Avoiding Civil

Civil Unrest has
occurred in pockets across the country over the past few years and is perhaps
one of the more likely scenarios that could adversely affect us in the future.

It’s possible that
we could see more protests and riots like those organized in Ferguson, here in
the UK.

We only have to look
back to the Mark Dugon incident   Other widespread civil unrest could be
caused by financial inequities or collapse, food shortages, loss of confidence
in government, or storms that leave people homeless.


Or at least that is
our perception, I however am aware of under hand police tactics used to
infiltrate groups of peaceful protesters and stepping the level of protest up
to and including violence, therefore justifying the police taking action to
disperse what was planned to be a peaceful law abiding protest.
Of course there is
always the chance of peaceful protests turning violent because of outside
agitators that flock to any event where they think they can run amok.
These anarchists are the cause of much of the violence we see on TV at
what would otherwise be peaceful protests.
While civil unrest
is something that can strike any part of the country it is perhaps the most
straightforward to avoid.  In the past we have seen civil unrest in large
or even medium sized cities but it has not spread to the suburbs.  On a
few occasions there may have been minor fights between picketers in small towns
but nothing like we saw in London or the Bradford riots.
So how exactly do
you avoid getting swept up in any type of civil unrest?  Having lived in
Northern Ireland during the height of the troubles I can saw that I have seen
many street riots but avoided many, many more by simply staying away from their
location, going around it or putting of traveling that day until things had
calmed down.
Remember in an
emergency, population density is your enemy.
Secondly, keep an
eye on the local and national news.  Civil unrest occurs most commonly
from a planned protest or event.  If you hear there will be picketing,
protests, or even a “peaceful march” in a particular location you should avoid
those areas completely.
If you were planning
on going into the city for a business meeting or to shop simply reschedule it
for another day or better location outside the city.  Simply staying away
from locations that are likely to flare up with protests is not difficult.
Avoiding flash flooding for example that’s bearing down on you is much
tougher to do…
If for some reason
you find yourself in a place that is quickly becoming a hot spot you should
leave the area immediately and by any means possible.  If that means
leaving a car behind and walking out to a safer spot then that may be the way
to go.  Don’t think that vehicle glass offers you any kind of defence.
A heavy tool or large rock makes quick work of it.
There is always the
possibility that civil unrest could become more widespread than it has in the
past.  If that is the case you should have plans in place to fortify your
home I recommend using the plywood you should have stored in your garage and
covering up any vulnerable windows.  The use of firearms in a situation
like this is something that needs to be carefully considered and researched. As
any use of “weapons” is your choice and you will have to justify your actions
at a later date.
Personally I would
rather be judged by 12 than carried by 6.
So, while there are
many disaster scenarios that we can do very little to avoid (although we can
still prep and plan for them) civil unrest is one situation that with good
situational awareness we can avoid altogether.


Do we really
need to prep?

Quite often our
detractors will counter our preparedness plans with the age old argument, you
are wasting your time if it happens we will all be dead, well I say what if?
What if you did not die what would you do then, how could you survive?

VIOLENT solar super
storms could destroy life as we know it at ANY MOMENT, shocked scientists have
warned today.

It is “only a matter
of time” before a catastrophic eruption on the surface of the sun hurtles
towards the planet with devastating consequences.

The Earth could be
the target of an explosion equivalent to “10 billion Hiroshima bombs exploding
at the same time”.


It has emerged
crisis meetings have been held to discuss how to limit the damage of solar
super storms which present a “long-lasting” threat to all forms of life.
Scientists warn
communication systems will be crippled, vital services such as transport,
sanitation and medicine will close, and loss of power will plunge the planet
into darkness.
Without power,
people would struggle to fuel their cars at petrol stations, get money from
cash dispensers or pay online.
Water and sewage
systems would be affected too, meaning that health epidemics in urbanised areas
would quickly take a grip, with diseases we thought we had left behind
centuries ago soon returning.
The warning comes as
Britain is experiencing one of the hottest summers on record. Scientists have
warned of “highly unusual activity” on the surface of the sun which
has already sent smaller solar flares spiralling towards earth.
Solar storms are
triggered when coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from the sun tear into the earth’s
magnetic field ripping it apart.
This triggers huge
surges of electrical currents which lead to widespread power outages and
destroy machinery which use electricity.
So judging by the
law of averages I would say it is only a “matter of time” before a violent
solar storm smashes into Earth.
Our planet is in
fact facing a repeat of the devastating solar super storm of 1859 – dubbed the
Carrington Event after English astronomer Richard Carrington.
Carrington spotted a
solar flare before terrifying fireballs hurtled across the atmosphere making
people think it was the end of the world.
Its impact on
civilised life was relatively small as there was less reliance on electronics,
a similar event now would be nothing short of catastrophic.
We must realise
these super storms are large enough to cause serious damage and they happen
quite often relatively speaking.
It is only now, when
we are so dependent on technology that we are so vulnerable, and one is overdue
by about five years.
NASA scientists say
a Carrington-level event happens every 150 years with the next one currently
five years overdue.
The likelihood of
one occurring in the next decade is as high as 12 per cent, they added.
DOOMSDAY WARNING the World will end in the next SEVEN YEARS, warns terrifying
Floods, earthquakes
and deadly plagues will finish all humanity and the civilised world as we know
The horrifying
forecast is being made by some Christian groups who predict the “Rapture”
phenomenon will bring about a global Apocalypse before 2021.
Traced back to
ancient Biblical texts, believers claim warnings of the impending Armageddon
also signal the second coming of Jesus.
They say similar
events have been charted in ancient history including the Biblical Flood of
2,348 BC, told in Genesis, and the Three Plagues of Egypt.
Though dismissed by
some, others insist such calamitous theories are true and warn the impending
catastrophe will destroy the planet.
Dr F. Kenton
Beshore, President of the World Bible Society, says the “Rapture” is
likely to occur between now and 2021 before the Second Coming between 2018 and
So there you have it two reasons why you must prep.


What to do when you bring the bacon home?

As good as mass-produced bacon is, curing and smoking your
own at home kicks things up to a whole new level.

Once you master the technique, the flavour options are
endless. Like your bacon with a kick? Bump up the red or chilli powder.

Like it sweeter? Try extra honey, brown sugar, real maple
syrup or sorghum or molasses or treacle in your cure.

While the curing process takes some time, the recipe itself
is a simple one. Any smoker will work, but electric models make it easier to
maintain the necessary low smoking temperatures needed to get the bacon just
right. Wood choices can be as varied as you want them to be, but hickory and
apple are the two most popular. 

Curing bacon at home is so simple that the hardest part of
the whole process can be procuring the pork belly itself.


Bacon made from wild pigs is a bit leaner than its store
bought cousin, but it tastes pretty good.
Prep Time
7-9 days
Cook Time
6-8 hours on the smoker
A whole pork belly from the butcher shop normally runs
around 10-12 pounds.  A belly from an adult wild pig around 4-6.  The
following recipe is enough cure for 5-6 pounds, if you buy a whole pork belly,
just separate it into two, more or less equal, pieces.
5 pound piece of pork belly, skin on or off, your choice
1.5 teaspoons pink salt (cure also known as Prague Powder
number one, available on the internet at around £4 for 250g)
1/2 cup Maldon salt
1/2 cup dark brown sugar
1/2 cup sorghum molasses, if you can’t find that then use
molasses or treacle
1 Tablespoon ground black pepper
1 teaspoon red pepper flakes
2 gallon Ziplock bag
Cooking Instructions
Begin by mixing all dry ingredients into a small bowl. Rub
the cure into the exposed surfaces of the pork. Really work it in, make sure
the belly is well coated with the cure. Place the pork into a two gallon
Ziplock bag and pour sorghum over the top of the meat (honey works well too)
and seal the bag. Place the belly flat into a pyrex dish (the bag will leak a
little, they always do) and put it in the fridge. Flip the pork once per day
for 7 to 10 days.
I often get asked, “How do I know when it is finished
curing?” The answer is, when it tastes right to you. After day seven or
eight, open the bag and slice a tiny sliver from one side.
Rinse it well under cold water and fry it like you would
bacon. If you like the flavour, it is finished. If you would like the salt and
spice to be a bit stronger, let it soak another day or two. Remember that the
outer surface is always quite a bit saltier than the inner slices will be.
Now that the bacon is fully cured, remove it from the bag
and rinse thoroughly under running water. The next step is to let the bacon dry
completely to form a sticky pellicle.
I prefer to do this by placing the bacon on a wire cooling
rack and running a low speed fan over it for six to eight hours.
Your bacon is now ready for the smoker. A good remote meat
thermometer comes in handy at this point.
I like to start my smoker at 175 degrees.  Maintain
this temperature for 3-4 hours then bump it up to 200 degrees to finish.
You are looking for an internal temperature of 150 degrees
on the pork belly. Once you reach this point, the bacon is finished. Remove
from the smoker and let the bacon cool completely before slicing.
I like to let mine come to room temperature, then place it
into the freezer for an hour or two. The freezer helps to firm the bacon and
makes slicing easier.
The fastest way to slice bacon is on a deli style meat
slicer. A good sharp knife works too. Cured bacon will keep up to a year when
vacuum sealed and kept in the freezer.
Use your homemade bacon just like you would bacon you buy
from the supermarket. It makes a fine breakfast, wraps nicely around a pigeon
breast or chunk of deer or steak, and seasons a pot of campfire baked beans
like nothing else. After you get the basic recipe down, try flavours to make
your own perfect blend.


Thinking of

I am always thinking
about what I would do if I needed to bug out. I am continually re-drawing my
bug-out plan as, as you know I plan to bug-in unless ordered or forced to

I now live in a
semi-rural area but to be honest in a SHTF scenario I’m not so sure I am far
enough away from expected hungry looting hordes.

The following
considerations for a bug out location are based on my location and what I am
currently thinking about to make the best decision possible for me and my
family. Your circumstances will be a different, but the basics of picking a bug
out location stay the same.

Of course, let’s be
honest bugging out could potentially be something we all need to do, and
picking a good bug out location requires thought and planning.

As you begin you’re
planning for a perfect and safe bug out location there are a number of
different factors to keep in mind like distance, location, finances,
accessibility and many more.

Without the proper
planning you could find yourself with a bug out location that is inaccessible
during a SHTF situation or a location that is ill equipped to sustain you and
your family for any given period of time.


Knowing how and when
to bug out is great, but if you have nowhere to go you might as well stay put.
There is no reason to leave one dangerous situation and then put yourself into
a situation that you are not properly prepared to handle.
This is why we
preppers prepare. This is why survival skills and educating ourselves is just
as important as stockpiling food and water, if this stuff runs out, we need to
be able to get more, and having a good bug out location could help us do that.
Here are a few
things to take into consideration when you are looking for a good bug out
location, and keep in mind, your situation will be different than mine.
Picking a location
to bug out to is important for not only security, but self-sufficiency as well.
The way you prepare will be different for bugging out to the mountains than it
will be for bugging out to a low land area.
In a mountain area
you have more natural resources available and more possibility’s available when
it comes to defences, but you also need to have wilderness survival skills,
especially because of those now wild and roving packs of ex K9 pets, wild boar
and even farm livestock that could possibly also be hungry and thirsty.
These animals could
be a great food source, or you could be a great food source for them.
In the low lying
areas you will have less cover and concealment so it’s probably a good idea to
get as far away from other people and main roads as you can. There will be less
wildlife in the low lying areas and less trees for building and fire wood, but
one benefit could be that you would have more options when it comes to farming
as long as you have a good water supply.
How Will You Get There?
Getting to your bug
out location will be just as important as having one in the first place. When
choosing a location have at least 3 different routes you can take to get there.
Another rule of thumb is to pick a location that is within one tank of fuel,
you won’t be able to stop to re-fill if the power is off and you probably wouldn’t
want to anyway.
Pick routes that
will not lead you through hot spots or danger zones, avoid populated areas.
How Long Do You Plan on Staying?
How long will your
location sustain you and your family? Purchasing an empty plot of land and
continually building up your resources and defences is a low cost way to take a
bug out location that you could survive at for a week or two, to a location
that you could survive for many months or indefinitely.
If you plan on
staying at your BOL long term, self-defence and self-sufficiency will become
more and more important, your supplies will eventually run out and someone will
inevitably cross your path.
Living Off the Land – Survival Skills
Unless you are Lofty
Wiseman or old framer bill you are probably not going to be able to live off
the land. Everyone knows the basics of gardening or hunting, but these are
skills that take years of practice, you could very well starve because the
animals you weren’t able to kill ate all your crops.
Seriously though,
you will need skills to supplement your food supply, but you need to have food
stored while you develop your skills.
Does the land you
plan on bugging out to have the natural resources you need? What you are able
to hunt and grow will need to be a factor when you supply your bug out
location. Here are a few questions you should ask yourself.
What wildlife lives
in this area?
Is the soil fertile
enough for gardening?
What crops can I
Is there water
nearby for farming?
Will I be able to
have livestock?
Is There a Natural Source of Water Nearby?
As usual water is
the most important part, without a natural water supply nearby you will
probably find yourself heading off to find water, and putting yourself in
danger. A container or water storage is OK, but at some point you will need a
well, river or some other natural water source nearby.
Building some sort
of water catchment and water storage is also a good idea to add to your supply.
Weather will play a
role in how you prepare also. In the Scottish Highlands or near me on the North
Yorkshire Moors you must take winter into account. You will need to be able to
survive for at least 3 months without any food source other than what you have
Plan for severe
weather, floods, blizzards, natural disasters or even manmade disasters which
could really mess with your survival plans.
Make sure and take
your local weather into account when you are thinking about a bug out location.
How warm will your
shelter be in the winter?
Will your crops or
shelter be damaged by flooding?
Is your shelter
strong enough to withstand strong winds?
Do you have supplies
to get you through any severe weather?
Protection – Geographic Camouflage
Protection is not
just guns and ammo, protection begins at your perimeter. As I said earlier,
mountain areas offer more protection and natural camouflage but require more
survival skills, flat lands will require you to be further off the beaten track
and have more ingenuity like building underground or other camouflage.
How hidden is your
bug out location?
How easily can
someone find your location?
How easy would it be
for someone take what you have?
How will you defend
your location?
We all need shelter
to survive and withstand the elements. Shelter is also important for avoiding
extreme temperatures that could ruin your stored supplies.
There is more to
shelter than just putting a roof on some walls. There are many options
available when it comes to shelter that don’t require you to be an architect or
construction worker, here are some examples.
Shipping containers
Underground shelter
Trailer home or
mobile home.
A log cabin or even
a teepee
This is just a few
ideas, but if you use your imagination you can come up with some unique ideas
based on your situation, and sometimes the more unique, the less likely people
will see it as “shelter” or “storage”
Population should be
a consideration not only for where your bug out location is, but you should
also take into account the population along the way to your bug out location.
Always have at least
three routes to your location, you never know if one of your routes will be
impassable because of riots, traffic or infrastructure damage.
This is a big choice
I have to a make, do I go west through? Or do I go further east? I would feel
more comfortable going east towards the coast, but before I choose that I need
to see if there are a few safe routes I can take that don’t lead me through any
populated areas.
Who’s coming?
Who else do you
expect at your bug out location in the future? It’s never a good idea to tell
everyone about your plans, but you might have a few family members that you
will want to help in the future.
If you are prepping
and stockpiling supplies for 5 people, make sure you take into account that if
someone else comes into the picture you are going to go through your supplies
more quickly.
Having more people
with you could potentially help with building, farming and hunting, but it will
also require more supplies so it’s always good to have a little extra just in
So I suggest you get planning.


Prepared for Disaster

Are you prepared for a disaster that could affect the daily
function of your life or the lives of your family members? Or do you even
believe a disaster will ever affect you?

Blizzards, floods, power cuts, and who knows what else
happens all the time. Still, most of us ignore the warnings. “It can’t
happen here,” some say. “The government will take care of me if it
does,” others think.

But not only do they happen, they can happen to you. And
when they do, you will be on your own. The recent UK flooding events have
proved this. Look at the total disruption of transportation when it snows for

This was followed by the immediate and complete paralysis of
air transportation at major international airports. Thousands were stranded for
days on their own in strange cities.

As serious as these events were, they pale in comparison to
the possibilities. Consider a major biological or nuclear attack or accident.
Hundreds of thousands of casualties are predicted in some scenarios.

These disasters or attacks would overwhelm local, regional,
and national emergency resources and cause widespread panic. Transportation
would stop, markets would be stripped of food within hours, essential emergency
services would be overwhelmed, and food, medical supplies, and emergency
service workers would be sent to the disaster area, leaving critical shortages
in local areas.

Are you prepared?


Now, more than ever, you need to prepare for the possibility
of disasters or attacks on a scale and type never before imagined. It is your
duty to yourself, your family, and your country to be prepared.
Some of us need to be prepared for being at “ground zero.”
Certain areas are the most likely direct targets of terrorists or natural
disasters. All of us need to be prepared to be indirect targets, those affected
by the temporary collapse of our nation’s infrastructure.
In short, we all need to be able to live
self-sufficiently for a period of time.
What to prepare for will depend on your geographical area.
Natural disasters and the risk of major terrorist attacks vary by where you
live. The first thing you need to do is make a list of the possible disasters
for which you need to prepare.
Some of the things you will want to consider include natural
disasters, such as blizzards, floods, and even wild fires, as well as
technological disasters, such as nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) attacks,
and hazardous material accidents.
Don’t forget cyber-attacks, the possibility that an enemy
could attack our computer systems, shutting down electrical, gas,
communications, transportation, and emergency and medical services. What about
attacks on our farms and agricultural processing plants? While they would
likely affect only a small number of people directly, they would completely
shut down food production and distribution systems.
While there are many things to plan for, your response to
all of them is one of two things: stay at home or evacuate. For blizzards,
earthquakes, cyber-attacks, nuclear fallout, quarantine after biological
attacks, and collapse of the infrastructure, you will want to stay at
For floods, hurricanes, or with some advance notice of NBC attacks,
evacuation may be your course of action.
Whenever possible, staying at home in your own environment
and with your own emergency supplies is the best choice.
When you evacuate, you are essentially a refugee at the
mercy of government evacuation centres or the compassion of the local
In a major disaster, don’t expect to be welcomed by the
locals who are struggling with their own survival.
In all situations, you will need to be able to think for
yourself. Confusion always accompanies a major disaster and initial information
and instructions may be conflicting and incorrect.
So, monitor the radio and television for official
instructions on what to do, such as whether to evacuate or not, but don’t
assume they are correct. Make your own decisions based on your plans and
Key to your survival is preparing a disaster supplies kit,
essentially the stockpiling of all materials that you would need to live on if
you are cut off from outside utilities, water, and supplies. Once a disaster
occurs, there won’t be time and materials may not be available.
How long you will need to be self-sufficient is hard to say.
My advice would be that everyone store enough food, water, and supplies to take
care of their family for three days.
Preparing a “72-hour kit” is a good idea. It can
be used for immediate evacuation and part of your overall disaster supply kit.
Place items in a portable, easy-to-carry container, such as a large plastic box
or duffel bag, ready to grab at a moment’s notice.
But, is it enough? A blizzard, earthquake, quarantine, or
nuclear fallout could confine you for much longer. You need to be able to take
care of all the needs for your family for a period of at least two weeks and
possibly longer.
Having supplies for one to three months is not all that
unreasonable or hard to accomplish.
There are six basics that should be part of your home
disaster supplies kit: water, food, first aid supplies, tools and emergency
supplies, clothing and bedding, and special needs items.
Tools and emergency supplies Tools and emergency supplies
should include such things as battery-operated radio and flashlights with extra
batteries, cups/plates/utensils, non-electric can opener, matches, lantern,
fire extinguisher, hand tools for repairs and to turn off household water and
gas, a whistle, and plastic sheeting.
For sanitation, include toilet paper, soap, toothpaste,
personal hygiene items, disinfectant, and household chlorine bleach. Many more
items can be added.
Think through the things you use on a daily basis.
Clothing and bedding Clothing and bedding would include a
change of clothing and footwear for everyone in the household, rain gear, cold
weather clothes, hat and gloves, and blankets or sleeping bags. Remember, a
house or car can get very cold without heat.
Prepare for the worst weather that you might encounter.
Store your disaster supply kit in a convenient place that is
known to all family members and make sure they know your family’s disaster
plan. Evaluate your kit once a year and update it according to family needs.
You may not have much time to prepare when you need to
evacuate. A hazardous materials spill could mean instant evacuation, so always
have a smaller version of your home disaster supply kit in the boot of your
When you have advance warning of an evacuation, bring your
portable “72-hour” disaster supply kit, along with additional food,
water, and clothing. Keep important family documents in a waterproof, portable
container, ready to bring with you in an evacuation.
These may include your will, insurance policies, contracts,
deeds, stocks and bonds, passports, social security card, bank and credit
account numbers, family documents (birth, marriage, and death certificates),
inventory of valuable household items, and important telephone numbers.
It would be a good idea to always keep some cash in this
container, so you have it for an emergency. If there is time, valuable family
heirlooms or photographs can be added.
Now that you have a basic plan for any emergency, let’s
consider plans for some specific risks.
A nuclear disaster could result from an accident at a
nuclear power plant, a detonation of a nuclear device by terrorists or a rogue
nation, or an explosion of a “dirty” bomb, an explosive surrounded by
radioactive material. Individuals at “ground zero” will have little
chance of survival.  
The risk for others is the exposure to radiation.
Radiation is dangerous because of harmful effects on the
body. In large amounts, radiation can cause radiation sickness, thyroid and
other cancers, and death.
These effects are greater the longer a person is exposed to
the radiation and the closer the person is to the source. If radiation is
released into the atmosphere, it can travel for thousands of miles,
contaminating the ground and living organisms as it settles back to earth on
dust or rain.  
This is called fallout radiation.
Time, distance, and shielding are the factors that minimize
exposure to nuclear radiation. Most radiation loses its strength fairly
rapidly, but it is important to limit the amount of time spent near the
radiation source.
The farther away an individual is from the radiation source,
the less exposure. Shielding is a barrier between an individual and the
Concrete, earth, and structures are good shields. Depending
on the distance from the source, the best protection from radiation fallout may
be to remain indoors.
After a nuclear disaster you may be advised to evacuate. If
so, remain calm, pack your evacuation survival kit in your vehicle, and follow
the evacuation routes out of the area. If there is time before leaving, close
and lock windows of your house, close fireplace dampers, turn off air
conditioning, vents, fans, and furnace.
Doing these things will make your house safer when you
return by minimizing exposure to the inside of your house to fallout.
If you are advised to remain at home, bring pets inside,
secure your house from fallout by closing and locking doors and windows,
closing fireplace dampers, turning off air conditioning, vents and fans.
If your emergency supplies are stored in a garage or barn,
bring them inside and, if there is time, store additional water in tubs, sinks,
and available containers. Inside the house, the safest area is a basement or
underground area, followed by an interior room with no windows.
Stay inside until authorities say it is safe to go outside.
When coming in from the outdoors after exposure to fallout, shower and change
clothes and shoes. Put the contaminated items that were worn outside in a
plastic bag and seal it.
Open water sources (streams, creeks and lakes), fruits and
vegetables from outdoor gardens, and livestock will all be contaminated. Do not
eat or drink products from these until you know it is safe.
Very few people were actually infected in the anthrax
attacks in the USA after 911 because it took direct physical contact with the
bacteria to develop the disease. Other biological agents are contagious (passed
from person to person), however, and are much more dangerous.
Biological agents are microorganisms (bacteria or viruses)
or toxins that produce diseases in humans. The Centre for Disease Control (CDC)
lists 17 biological agents that may be used as weapons, including anthrax,
smallpox, plague, and botulism. They are not immediately detectable, may take
days to grow and spread, and it is impossible to know when an attack occurs.
While preparations are being made for defence against such attacks, nobody
really knows what to expect.
Fortunately, most of these biological agents are hard to
make into weapons. Worst-case scenarios, such as suicide terrorists infected
with smallpox traveling through metropolitan areas, are staggering, however.  
Thousands of victims would overwhelm medical services and
Likely? Hopefully not, but who knows? Those at “ground
zero” who are infected will need professional medical help.
With air travel, people will spread the disease all over the
country before we even know an attack occurred. The rest of the country
will shut down as soon as authorities realize what happened.
Expect widespread closure of the country and mandatory
quarantines. Transportation, food, and vital services will stop. Plan to stay
at home if advised or ordered and avoid exposure with outsiders who may carry
Your stockpile of food and supplies should get you through
this disaster. You may want to have some medical-type masks and gloves on hand.
Should you stockpile antibiotics in preparation for such
attacks? Authorities say no and this may be practical advice.
A large number of different types and amounts of antibiotics
would need to be stored to protect your family against all likely biological
Many of the diseases are viruses, not treatable with
antibiotics, and those treatable by antibiotics might be altered to make them
resistant to available antibiotics. Besides, you will need professional medical
care if you are exposed.
Chemical terrorism
and hazardous spills
Chemical agents are gases, liquids, or solids that are
poisonous to humans. Depending on the type and amount of the material, exposure
to chemical agents can cause illness or be fatal.
Chemical agents include chlorine or ammonia gases that are
transported on trains daily, other hazardous industrial chemicals, and chemical
warfare agents, such as nerve agents, blister agents, blood poisons, and
The CDC lists 58 known chemical warfare agents.
Some nerve agents, such as Sarin, used in the attack in
Japan, kill quickly. If you are at “ground zero” in such situations
your only chance is to evacuate immediately.
A hazardous materials spill is probably more likely than a
terrorist chemical attack. For gases and other chemicals that spread in the
air, evacuation to avoid exposure is critical.
Leave the area as soon as you are aware of the incident.
Full face respirators (gas masks) may be useful for escape in such situations.
Buy good quality, new masks designed for industrial or rescue use, not army
surplus masks.
Natural disasters
Natural disasters are somewhat easier to prepare for—you
either get out of their way (evacuate) or you protect yourself indoors.
In floods Sandbag doors and windows, move furniture and
other items to higher ground, and evacuate if necessary. Do not drive or walk
through flood waters and stay off bridges when they are covered with water.
Be prepared
Bad weather Preparation should include boarding up windows
and flood-proofing your home. Bring in outside furniture, bicycles, and rubbish
bins. Listen to recommendations of emergency officials and evacuate if advised.
If not advised to evacuate, stay indoors and away from windows.
Blizzards Stay indoors and use the telephone only for
life-threatening emergencies. Use fires safely and properly ventilate. It there
is no heat, cover windows, close off un-needed rooms, and stuff towels in
cracks under doors.
Wear layers of warm clothing. Eat and drink plenty. Food
generates body heat and water helps circulation to keep the skin warm.
It is important to know what to do and have a plan before a
disaster strikes. The internet can provide additional information for preparing
for and dealing with natural disasters and terrorist attacks.
Consider your risks, develop a plan, prepare your disaster
supplies kit, and discuss with your family what to do in case of an emergency.
Remember, the future belongs to those who prepare. You
must be ready before disaster strikes.


Emergency Essentials
Even though emergency situations don’t happen very often,
when they do, they impact our lives to a great extent. To minimize or eliminate
the negative effects of a certain emergency, you need to be prepared and have
the emergency essentials, in terms of knowledge, food, water, shelter, and an
escape plan.
When disaster strikes, we are caught by surprise and usually
unprepared. But emergencies sometimes have a similar pattern and cause the same
problem even if they’re different in nature, therefore the steps to prepare for them is the same, for
example stocking food and water are steps that can help you in most national
emergencies, and that’s what we will discuss now.
Imagine there is an emergency in your city, or country,
people will scramble to the shops, there will be a panic, looting, and so on
will result, if you still decide to go to the store, you will find empty
shelves or even closed shops. Wouldn’t it be better if when there is such an
emergency, you sit with your family, and use the food and water you have
stored? You bet it would be.
As you stock food, take into account your family’s unique
needs. Try to include foods that they will enjoy and that are also high in
calories and nutrition. Foods that require no refrigeration, water, special
preparation, or cooking are best. Take into consideration individuals with
special diets and allergies such as babies and the ill. Make sure you have a
manual can opener and disposable utensils. Don’t forget non-perishable foods
for your pets.
Keep food in a dry, cool dark area if possible.
Open food boxes and other re-sealable containers carefully
so that you can close them tightly after each use.
Wrap perishable foods, such as cookies and crackers, in
plastic bags and keep them in sealed containers.
Empty open packages of sugar, dried fruits, and nuts into
screw-top jars or air-tight canisters for protection from pests.
Inspect all food for signs of spoilage before use.
Throw out canned goods that become swollen, dented, expired,
or corroded.
Use foods before they go bad, and replace them with fresh
supplies, dated with ink or marker. Place new items at the back of the storage
area and older ones in front.
The following list shows the rough expiration dates of many
types of food. So make sure to replace the easily perishable food more often.
You should use the following within six months:
Powdered milk – boxed
Dry, crisp crackers
These foods should be used within one year, or before the
date indicated on the label:
Canned condensed meat and vegetable soups
Canned fruits, fruit juices, and vegetables
Ready-to-eat cereals and uncooked instant cereals
Peanut butter
Hard candy and canned nuts
These foods however may be stored indefinitely (in proper
containers and conditions):
Vegetable oils
Dried corn
Baking powder
Instant coffee, tea, and cocoa
Noncarbonated soft drinks
White rice
Bouillon products
Dry pasta
Powdered milk – in nitrogen-packed cans
Having an ample supply of clean water is a top priority in
an emergency. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts (half
gallon) of water each day. People in hot environments, children, nursing
mothers, and ill people will require even more. You will also need water for
food preparation and hygiene.
Store at least one gallon per person, per day. Consider
storing at least a two-week supply of water for each member of your family. If
you are unable to store this quantity, store as much as you can. If supplies
run low, never ration water. Drink the amount you need today, and try to find
more for tomorrow. You can minimize the amount of water your body needs by
reducing activity and staying cool.
If there is an emergency, and you used up all the water you
stocked in your home, try the following. Safe water sources in your home
include the water in your hot- water tank, pipes, and ice cubes. You should not
use water from toilet flush tanks or bowls, radiators, waterbeds, or swimming
You will need to protect the water sources already in your
home from contamination if you hear reports of broken water or sewage pipes, or
if local officials advise you of a problem. To shut off incoming water, locate
the main valve and turn it to the closed position. Be sure you and other family
members know beforehand how to perform this important procedure.
To use the water in your pipes, let air into the plumbing by
turning on the tap in your home at the highest level. A small amount of water
will trickle out. Then obtain water from the lowest tap in the home.
To use the water in your hot-water tank, be sure the
electricity or gas is off, and open the drain at the bottom of the tank. Start
the water flowing by turning off the water intake valve at the tank and turning
on a hot-water tap. Refill the tank before turning the gas or electricity back
on. If the gas is turned off, a professional will be needed to turn it back on.
Disaster Activity Children’s Kit
This year saw some bad weather and massive floods here in
the UK and around the world we have seen earthquakes, extreme heat, landslides,
tsunamis, blizzards and tornadoes which have forced thousands of families to
flee their homes.  
Children account for many of the victims displaced.
Parents can help a child get through the long days that
follow a natural disaster with an activity survival kit. What are the benefits
of a disaster activity survival kit? What are a few suggested items that can
reduce stress and help a child cope with the disaster?
What items should not be taken to an evacuation shelter?
Kids and teens find it hard to camp out in a survival
shelter for very long. Some people have to wait for days or weeks after a flood
or other weather disaster has passed before they can safely return home.
A disaster survival kit can help keep a child (or teen)
occupied for much of the waiting time. Let the child help pack his kit; older
children and teens can pack their own.
Keeping the kit packed and ready-to-go saves valuable time
in the event the family has to evacuate on short notice.
The most obvious reason for having a disaster activity
survival kit for each child is to stave off boredom. Here are some other good
reasons for building a kid’s survival kit?
The child who builds or helps to build his disaster survival
kit gets a sense of understanding and control in disaster planning.
Familiar, favourite items on hand will give comfort and
hopefully keep stress and anxiety levels manageable in strange surroundings
during a disaster crisis.
Items (such as drawing and colouring sets) gives the child
an alternative way to vent feelings and fears about the disaster.
Items that make up a child’s disaster survival kit depend on
the child’s age and personal preferences.
Consider too, where the family is going to be staying for
the next few days or longer. Use a backpack or duffel bag to hold a child’s
survival kit items.
What items are recommended for a child’s activity survival
A few favourite books and/or magazines
Writing Pads and pens
Personal CD player, gaming device or other player that uses
Laptop or notebook computer and headphones
Crayons, washable markers, paper and colouring books
Sticker books and word puzzle books
Favourite cuddly toy
Board games and puzzles with large pieces
Deck of cards
Favourite blanket and/or pillow
Small dolls, cars, action heroes and other toys that prompt
a child’s imagination
In a shelter situation or even in a hotel, don’t forget
batteries and headphones. Don’t count on being able to plug in a battery
charger at a shelter, and don’t expect Internet service.
If your family is going to take refuge in a local community
centre for example? There are rules parents need to be aware of – guidelines to
follow when making activity suggestions to a teen or helping a child make a
survival kit.
Remember that hundreds of evacuees can add up to a lot of
noise unless shelter rules are observed. Know too, that space is extremely
limited – spots are taped off in some shelters – so limit your belongings.
Horseplay, loud talking, profanity, musical instruments and
loud music are not tolerated.
Plan “quiet” activities like a good book for
reading or a diary to write in. If you want music, then bring a radio, personal
CD player or similar player and a good set of headphones.
Don’t assume that everyone is going to like your kind of
Show consideration when bringing toys for young children. No
noisy toy instruments, remote control cars (can cause people to trip, too),
whistles, or toys that emit sirens or other loud sounds.
Please, no balls, Frisbees or anything that might invade
another person’s space.
Steer clear of games and items with small pieces that could
easily become lost. Leave messy things like glue, moulding clay and paint sets
at home.
Leave behind sharp items like scissors and craft needles
unless it’s an older child that is responsible.
Incidentally, if you’re going to be stuck in your home’s
basement shelter for a lengthy bit of time, then you still might want to follow
the public shelter guidelines above.
Children will feel less stressed if they’re allowed to
pack-up and bring a few favourite belongings to an emergency shelter or other
place of refuge.
Stick with quiet toys and devices that will reduce boredom
and maintain peace for other evacuees.
It’s no fun to leave the comfort and conveniences of home
when a weather or land crisis strikes.
Include your children when making disaster preparations and
allow them to make an activity kit.
Whole family involvement will make coping with bad weather
and flooding and other natural disasters a whole lot easier.


How to get
Lately I’ve been
considering the plight of people who are new to preparedness. How overwhelming
this all must be for them.
Even for those of us
who have been prepping for years it can still be overwhelming and intimidating.
I imagine that for people that are new the task ahead must look like Mount
Most people begin to
plan for specific problems or vulnerabilities and go from there. There’s
nothing inherently wrong with this approach, and I believe that looking at
specific scenarios is a key part of being prepared for whatever may come this
It’s perfectly
normal and common to start this way. Most of the time you start thinking about
the scenario that first got you started on the preparedness path. It’s ok, and
normal, and not wrong. Trust me!
But today I want to
advocate an approach that is a bit different than that.  This approach is a bit less overwhelming and
it is more practical than war-gaming individual disaster scenarios.
Ignore Specific Scenarios
For Beginners the
first thing you need to do is ignore specific scenarios. Yes, this means that I
don’t want you thinking about EMP, tornadoes, pandemics, or even the zombie
The reason why I
want you to do this is because any time you look at a specific scenario in
depth, you end up focusing on specific details and you end up rat-holing and
losing sight of the big picture.
You end up spending
a ton of time with no concrete results that you can actually do something
In case the term
isn’t something you’ve heard before, “rat-holing” is a term used to describe a
conversation or process that has deviated from its original productive purpose
into a generally unproductive but long and winding detour that eventually comes
to a dead end.
The original
discussion purpose may be to agree on a course of action. However, if one or
more people rat-hole into a specific point of the discussion then the
discussion stalls with no actionable outcome.
Figure out What’s Important
The first thing I
want you to do is to figure out what is important to your life. Most of the
time the basics are clear: food, water, your health, shelter, and power.
Grab a sheet of
paper and write it down. Think about what else is important to your life, and
go into a bit more detail than I went into here.
Find Your Dependencies
Now for each of
these things you’ve written down, figure out what you’re dependent upon for
those needs. For example you’re probably dependent upon the power company for
electricity, and you most likely get most of your food from the supermarket.
Do this for each
item you’ve written down, and now you should have a list of needs and what you
are dependent upon for those needs.
Contingency Planning
For Beginners Now
it’s time to do the fun stuff. You need to put contingency plans in place for
each of these dependencies. But not just anything. I want you to start small,
and work your way up.
What you’re planning
for is for the disruption in the normal availability of those dependencies. To
use the electricity example again, this is you planning for a power cut.
Like I said, you
want to start small here, and expand your contingency plans. Start planning for
a three day disruption, then a week. Then two weeks, a month, three months, and
six months. Go all the way out to a year if you want.
Once you hit two
weeks, if you feel more comfortable with different time frames after that, go
for it. I’m giving you a guideline, but it’s definitely not some sort of hard
and fast rule.
Take as much time as
you want. This doesn’t have to happen tonight, or tomorrow. Go at your own
pace, and don’t feel like it’s a race. But don’t stall out. Make progress on a
consistent basis.
Why This Works
This works because
all any disaster is, when you get down to it, is a removal of your support
structure and dependencies for a certain amount of time.   
Whether it’s a power cut for a few hours or a job loss
that lasts a few months.
By preparing for
those dependencies to be unavailable, you’re actually preparing for just about
any disaster scenario.  You can dig into
specific scenarios once you’ve got the basics accounted for, but by and large
just having your main dependencies covered will get you through just about
As with anything in
life, though, action is what gets things done. You have to actually work on
your preparedness plans, not just put them together.  You have to take action to put those
contingencies in place.  They won’t show
up on their own.
Wrapping Up
Prepping for
Beginners remember…preparedness planning is very personal, and it’s not about
planning for the latest and greatest disaster. It’s about structuring your life
in a way that you are not completely up a creek without a paddle if the power
goes out or you can’t get to the supermarket.
This will give you a
sense of peace and confidence that you are able to take care of yourself and
your family. When your dependencies give out for whatever reason, you’ll have a
sense of security that comes from knowing that you’ll be ok, and you have time
to figure out what comes next.

Will You Freeze
To Death

If you can’t heat
your home and you have no friends or family to go live with–you and your family
will be in deep do do.

For many of us
preppers, this heat issue is the Achilles heel. Without heat, we may have to
forsake food, weapons, ammo and other emergency supplies to stay warm–to stay

You can’t walk into
a local communal shelter with rifles, shotguns strapped across your back, etc.
Of course many preppers will fire up the generators to keep warm!

How long before the
fuel runs out? If the grid does down and stays down, how long before the fuel
shortages start? Assuming your generator doesn’t get stolen–because everyone
else in the neighbourhood is freezing to death–how many weeks (possibly months)
of fuel will it take until the spring thaw! I just don’t see how we can survive
even weeks without heat.

Blankets, solar
blankets you say? Wood burning stove. Fireplace. Yes, these will help. But
here’s the problem. In the UK it is not uncommon to see temperatures (w/wind
chill) drop to -30 degrees below zero. Good luck with your solar blanket.
People will be tearing the drywall down and starting fires in their living
rooms to stay warm.

So the question
begs: Will We Freeze to Death? The answer is NO if you are prepared. Can you
say wood burning stove! If you don’t have one, get one, even a small one can
generate plenty of heat to stay alive! Buy it, install it, stockpile wood and a
good chain saw (for foraging).

You must also plan
to survive in just one room which is then easier to keep warm than trying to
hear many rooms.

Many say the power
would be restored within a reasonable timeframe. I say: Are you sure? Severe
weather can certainly knock out the power as we see every year

Not too long ago we
had the Stuxnet super cybervirus ( ‘Stuxnet represented a nightmare: a
dangerous computer worm that in some modified form could be used to attack an
electric or telecommunications grid, an oil refinery or a water treatment

This insidious virus
infects and disables industrial power grids, water purification plants,
telecommunications and more. Stuxnet was suspected of disabling an Iranian
nuclear research facility two years ago.

More recently, an
article from states “Homeland Security warned that with all
the hacking conferences and common pen testing software, the industrial control
systems that are connected directly to the Internet could be easily located and
hackers could point, click and destroy. So you see dear listener
cyber-terrorism is a risk, our grid is vulnerable and likely will continue to
be more so in the near future.

Emergency survival Lighting Idea
An oil lamp can have a number of advantages over candles and
mineral oil lamps:
Very cheap to run – can even burn used cooking oil
The fumes are less toxic than those of paraffin candles or
mineral oil lamps
The production of renewable vegetable oil is less harmful to
the environment than petroleum based products (including paraffin candles)
For the prepper and survivalist, vegetable oil is easier to
store in bulk, or can even be produced on the home farm
Due to the wider base, more stable than candles, and the
flame of any burning wick falling into the oil will be extinguished
Odour free when using olive oil
Making an oil lamp is very easy, quick and cheap, and gives
plenty of opportunity for a creative outlet. The basic element is nothing more
than a piece of twisted wire, a length of twine, some vegetable oil and a
vessel to hold it all in.
However, if you don’t want to mess around with a fiddly job or don’t have the
tools and materials, you could, instead, buy a lamp or just the holder and
spare wicks.
You can get one from a small family business in the USA. If
you live in the UK you can now buy the lamp or wick holder (made by the same
company as the US wick holder) from
The lamp is an octagonal jar with wick, wick holder and
instruction leaflet and at £5 makes a very attractive and unusual gift even for
the tightest budget. It would appear that price even includes delivery.
To make one you will need:
Pliers or a vice
Wire cutter (may be part of pliers)
A nail or similar for shaping the wick holding coil
(diameter as wick)
Vegetable oil
Making the Wick Holder
The wire should be thin and soft enough to bend into a small
circle. I had a roll of tinned copper wire in my shed which did the job, but
you could strip a piece of electrical wire, or use whatever you can lay your
hands on which will do the job. Steel wire of the same diameter is much tougher
to bend. It needs to be a little thinner than 1mm diameter.

Caution when using copper wire – vegetable oil is a fatty acid
and when in contact with copper for a while will produce toxic verdigris. I
noticed the oil turning blue-green when I used copper wire, probably with
verdigris. When using copper wire, to be on the safe side, remove the wick
holder when not in use and wipe off any oil to prevent the formation of

Caution when using galvanised wire – remove the zinc coating with sand
paper or a file to prevent toxic zinc vapours. I don’t know if the lamp flame
is hot enough to vaporise the zinc coating, but I’d do it as a precaution

Work out the length by using a piece of twine, wrapping it around the nail
about 4-6 times, then tracing the height, the radius of the base, the base
circle and the handle the length of wire should be about 35-40cm long.

The height is determined by how much oil you want to have in the container. The
top level of the oil should always be fairly close to the bottom of the wick
holding coil. The wick needs to be drenched with oil at all times, or it will
be burned too fast.

If the oil is too far below the flame, the oil cannot be
wicked up as fast as the flame is burning the oil. To avoid the constant need
to top up the container, the surface area should be greater than the height,
i.e. a wide, shallow container is best.
Here is a good tip drop some pebbles or marbles into the oil
to raise the level as the oil is used up.

The handle allows the wick holder to be removed from the container for
lighting, and should be long enough to avoid burning your fingers when
replacing the holder. If the container is narrow, the handle needs to extend over
the edge.

If the handle is likely to be heavier than the holder and
base, then the base needs to be counter-weighted by wrapping another turn of
wire around the base. The shape of the handle will be determined by the
dimensions of the container.
If the container is wide enough to allow the handle to be
inside it without the risk of getting burnt when grabbing the handle, then the
handle should be below the rim so that the lid can be placed on the jar when
not in use.

Start shaping the wire by holding one end of it against the nail with pliers or
a vice, and twist the wire around the nail a few times, until you have a coil
about 1cm long. Hold the end of the coil with pliers whilst bending the wire
parallel with the nail to form the stem, then bend at a right angle.

The Wick
Most plant fibre twine should work. I used cotton twine, but
you could experiment with jute, hemp, flax, nettle or any plant fibre.
It should be absorbent and reasonably smooth, which may
precludes jute, and other rough cordage. If you have some handy, and nothing
better suited, give it a go anyway.
A length of about 40cm will make a reasonable length of
wick. Twisting the wick is a bit tricky, and a job best done with another
person, though you can hold one end in your teeth as you twist the other end,
or tie one end to a door handle or chair leg or whatever, but allow extra
length for tying. Twist it under tension until the twine becomes quite hard,
then grab the middle, and bring the ends together, still under tension, then
let go of the middle, and the two ends will twist around each other to form a
thicker, denser cord.

Now feed the twisted end through the wick holding coil from below, until it
sticks out about 6mm. The burner element is now finished. Tip: if the wick
won’t easily go through the coil (it should be tight enough to prevent it
dropping out), twist the wick as you thread it in, to firm it up.

You can use any glass jar which gives enough clearance for
the flame, any clearance above 4cm should be safe. As stated earlier, the
proportions should be more width to height to avoid frequent refuelling. Think
of Roman oil lamps, they were shaped like a shallow gravy boat.
If the container is shallow enough for the flame to be above
the rim, the container can be of opaque material, like a terracotta dish or
heavy saucer.

If you use pebbles to raise the oil level, you may want to use a saucer under
the lamp or a small additional dish to keep the oily pebbles after topping up
with oil, maybe also a spoon for retrieving the pebbles.

For outdoor lighting it is best to use a sheltering glass container. It is also
easy enough to make a portable lantern by wrapping some wire around the neck of
the jar, include some loops and hook a long handle into the loops. If the flame
is too hot under the hand, you could put the lid onto the container after
punching a few holes into it. The beauty of this kind of lantern is that the
flame can shine through the base of the jar too, casting more light onto the

Now you may be thinking, burning vegetable oil must be very
smelly. Some oil may be, but olive oil burns very clean and without odour.
Smoking oil smells unpleasant, but burning oil does not.
So forget the stench of a smoking frying pan. However, even
the smellier types of oils can be used economically outdoors. Perhaps you have
a bottle of forgotten salad oil at the back of the cupboard. Here is some use
for it.
Or how do you get rid of the deep frying fat after making a
few batches of chips (French fries)? Light your porch, patio or garden path.
You could even collect waste oil from fast food outlets. Strain it and use it
for your lantern.
You could also add a few drops of essential oil for a
scented light. The volatile oil will evaporate easily with the nearby heat,
before the flame can actually burn it.
Using the lamp
The first time the lamp is used the wick should be allowed
to fully absorb oil before lighting it. Keep the wick about 6 mm long, and make
sure the oil reaches to just below the coil. If the holder is in a jar, lift it
up to light the lamp.
When the flame shortens it is a sign that the wick is also
shortening, and it should be pulled up a little with a pin or tweezers. Remove
any charred wick. The wick should not burn very fast. If it does, then the oil
level may be too low. Top up or drop in a pebble. It is also best not to extend
the wick too far, as a large flame is more likely to smoke.
To extinguish the flame use a candle snuffer, purpose made
or improvised, or if the handle is inside the jar as suggested earlier, just
place the lid on the jar. This will prevent any smoking. Alternatively, the
lamp can be tilted and the holder tipped over to submerge the flame into the
oil, which will instantly, and smokelessly extinguish the flame.


Does the Bible say
anything about the current wave of doomsday predictions and violence throughout
the planet?
Movie trailers for
the science fiction disaster film 2012 added to the hype, showing entire cities
devastated by enormous tsunamis and earthquakes, meteors raining down fiery
death from heaven and human history coming to a violent end.

According to Wikipedia, “The studio also launched a viral marketing
website operated by the fictional Institute for Human Continuity, where
filmgoers could register for a lottery number to be part of a small population
that would be rescued from the global destruction.”

Other scenarios picture a wonderful change in human consciousness and the
ushering in of a New Age. John Major Jenkins, author of Maya Cosmogenesis,
describes the coming New Age this way: “Around the year we call 2012 a
large chapter in human history will be coming to an end.
All the values and assumptions of the previous World Age will expire, and a new
phase of human growth will commence.”

Well as we now know
he was wrong, or at least he got the date wrong at least.
All the hype about 2012 was based on a mixture of speculation about Mayan
calendars, the book The Bible Code, some ancient Oriental prophesies, supposed
writings of Nostradamus and a little of the biblical book of Revelation.

But does the Bible say anything about the end of human history?

In Matthew 24:3, Jesus was asked about the sign of His coming and the end of
this age.

He gave prophecies of many events to happen before His return. He said there
would be religious deception, wars and rumours of wars, famines, disease
epidemics and earthquakes, all leading to a time of Great Tribulation when
mankind would be on the verge of destroying all life on the earth if the time
wasn’t cut short (verses 21 and 22).
Could that be a reference to WW111?

Then Jesus prophesied there would be heavenly signs, and He would return with
power and great glory (verses 29-30).
While Jesus gave His disciples signs to watch for that indicated His return, He
stated clearly that no one knows the exact date except His Father.

In Mark 13:32 we read, “But of that day and hour no one knows, not even
the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.” Matthew’s account
puts it this way, “Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the
hour in which the Son of Man is coming” (Matthew 25:13).

The Bible does not tell us the date Jesus Christ will return to save humanity
from destroying ourselves.

But it does promise that Christ will return and set up a government that will
bring peace and prosperity to this earth. In the meantime God doesn’t ask us to
explore the intricacies of ancient Mayan calendars, or believe the Hollywood
film scripts either.

He warns of rampant deception and tells us not to be fooled by those who claim
secret knowledge of His return (Matthew 24:4, 23-26).

What are we to do? The purpose of the biblical prophecies and warning signs is
to remind us of our need to always be growing closer to God and to be
spiritually ready.

We need to be preparing spiritually for Christ’s return and the end of this
world now, and every year.

“Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you
do not expect” (Matthew 24:44).

UK Blackout Fears are you Prepared?

This is 2014 and believe it or not emergency measures are
needed to ensure Britain avoids blackouts this winter, the National Grid boss
has admitted.

He says that old power stations could be brought out of
mothballs to supply extra energy.

A number of coal-fired power stations have been shut to
satisfy EU targets for cutting greenhouse gases.

Four nuclear plants have closed unexpectedly for repairs –
although Mr Holliday said two may be ready by the end of the year.

The result is the total amount of electricity that can be
supplied could be just 5 per cent greater than demand from consumers.

We could be looking at 1970s-style blackouts. I would say
that managers had ‘failed to plan adequately’. 

Winter is on the way depending on where you live and
experiencing a power cut can range from being moderately inconvenient to a
complete nightmare. Being prepared means that a power cut needn’t be a

Emergency supplies

Last winter there were families in remote parts of the
country where a power cut left them stranded for days without heat, light,
cooking facilities and hot water. Shops had to be closed and heavy snowfall
blocked roads and railways. With a power cut – no matter where you are – can
cause real problems.  

Candles can be dangerous, keeping warm is difficult and
milk and food may turn rancid. A little preparation is definitely worthwhile.

Here’s an emergency check-list of what you should have in
the house:

Candles, minimum four to five dozen.

Candle stick holders. In a pinch, fold aluminium foil around
the candle bases 

Matches and disposable lighters.

Emergency heater

Torches and extra batteries.


Canned goods and dry food mixes
Water and juices.
Extension cords, long enough to reach your neighbour’s
Hand tools such as hammer, screwdriver and wood saw.
Seasoned firewood.
Extra blankets.
Paper plates, cups and plastic utensils.
First-aid kit
Fire Extinguisher
Remember to keep these things together and in a place where
they will be easy to reach and find in the dark. It’s also a good idea to keep
some emergency lighting on each level of the house, a lighter with candles
should be fine until you can access the torches.
Try to get children used to candles – from distance!
Bath-time is a good time to introduce candlelight – it makes a relaxing
atmosphere and your child is safely contained in the tub.
During a power cut you’ll only be able to use them on high
surfaces. Do not walk around with a lit candle, use torches instead to get
about the house.
During a power cut
You will find the temperature in your home drops quickly.
Keep a small baby close to you for warmth, and consider co-sleeping. Toddlers
will need extra clothes and blankets at bed times. A torch may make an
impromptu night-light.
However even adults will need extra layers of clothes as
well as blankets hats and gloves.
Report the power cut to your electricity supplier
immediately. They should have a 24-hour emergency telephone number that is on
your electricity bill or in the front of the yellow pages.
Tell them if you have a young children, elderly person or
those with medical problems in the house and ask for an estimated length of
If the power cut is going to last several days, consider
staying with a friend or relative with power. Having no heat or light is going
to be, at the best, inconvenient and at the worst, dangerous.
And finally…
Get your family into good habits. Stairs should always be
kept free of toys and clutter in case you do end up stumbling around in the
The 1940’s Diet
Are we storing ‘too’
much food for bugging out?
Could we actually
live on what the British families did in the 1940’s?
I know that a
rationed diet would be healthier for us as well?
When rationing was
introduced in England on January 8, 1940 it was to ensure that food was
distributed fairly and that the dwindling food supplies lasted.
However, rationing
did vary slightly month to month depending on the availability of foods
increasing when it was plentiful and decreasing when it was in short supply.
Here is the weekly
ration allowance for one adult in the 1940’s… (Remember that in addition to
this people were encouraged to incorporate lots of fruit and veggies into their
diets and grow even more in their back gardens!
Weekly ration for 1 adult
Bacon & Ham 4
Meat to the value of
£1.50 (around about 1/2 lb minced beef)
Butter 2 oz.
Cheese 2 oz.
Margarine 4 oz.
Cooking fat 4 oz.
Milk 3 pints
Sugar 8 oz.
Preserves 1 lb every
2 months
Tea 2 oz.
1 fresh egg per week
Sweets/Candy 12 oz.
every 4 weeks
In addition to this
a points system was put in place which limited your purchase of tinned or
imported goods.
16 points were
available in your ration book for every 4 weeks and that 16 points would enable
you to purchase for instance, 1can of tinned fish or 2lbs of dried fruit or 8
lbs of split peas.
Does this sound a lot or little to you?
When you try and
produce all your own food from scratch using the above ingredients and realize
just how precious or even how difficult it was at times to obtain other
necessary food stuffs like flour, oats etc.
It really makes you
appreciate how difficult and how IMPORTANT the role was of the1940’s
housewife to feed her family and keep them healthy. It was for sure a long
and hard job.
I have designed this
recipe from the rations available.
2 slices of
wholemeal (whole wheat) toast with margarine and marmalade or marmite or large
bowl of porridge oats (oatmeal) made with water, splash of milk and a little
sugar or honey mixed in.
Oslo Meal-
2 slices of whole
wheat bread spread with a little margarine or butter small block of cheese
grated and placed over salad, fresh lettuce leaves other salad items like
carrot, cucumber or tomato and a glass of cold milk
Meat Gravy
 1 lb mince beef
Corn starch
Salt & pepper
Old ripe tomatoes
Oxo cubes or marmite
Two large baked
potatoes topped with a little bit of strong cheddar, generous serving of meaty
gravy, a chunk of freshly baked wholemeal bread, a few spoonful’s of steamed
carrots, big mound of steamed cabbage. For dessert one pear.
A big mound of
mashed potato (a blob of marg and some thyme, salt & pepper for seasoning),
served with large portions of cabbage and cauliflower and the remainder of the
meaty gravy made yesterday.
For dessert two
freshly baked Rock Buns and two steaming hot cups of tea!
Round off the day
with a glass or two of milk- usually one small glass of cold milk and a cup of
milky coffee.
The amount depends
on how much you have left to use!
This diet depends on
what is available or what recipes have been created.
You can always make
veggies stews with beans and pulses in for extra protein.



What if I told you
that you could catch fish for dinner in your back garden?

What if I told you
that right up until you caught those fish, they were growing the veggies for
the rest of your dinner?

Would you believe

Well you should as
this can all be done now by using an ingenious method of gardening called

What is Aquaponics?

Aquaponics is the
growing of fish, or other water-based animals, along with land plants in a controlled

It is used to
maximize the use of energy and nutrients in the system so that it can harvest
the maximum amount of vegetables and fish protein. The word aquaponics comes
from the words aquaculture, which is the cultivation of fish or other water-
based animals, and hydroponics, where plants are grown in a sterile medium or
completely in water.

Basically, the
plants extract the water and nutrients that they need to grow, cleaning the
water for the fish. There are bacteria that live on the surface of the grow

These bacteria
convert ammonia wastes from the fish into nitrates that can be used by the
plants. The nitrates are relatively harmless to the fish but more importantly
they make terrific plant food.

 What Types
of Fish Can You Use in Aquaponics?

Any type of fresh
water fish works well in an aquaponic system. Carp can be grown by aquaponics
but you can also grow most fresh water fish, trout, and even signal crayfish,
(license required).

It’s not just for
edible fish! You can also grow any decorative fresh-water fish such as Koi or
goldfish. When choosing your fish you will need to take into consideration the
temperature at which they can thrive and survive in.

For example most
river fish can survive down to temperatures in the low 60s, but won’t thrive
until they reach the mid 70’s. Whereas trout will survive up to a maximum
temperature of 65, but they will not thrive until their water is in the high
40s to low 50’s. (Temps given in Fahrenheit)

What Types of Plants Can You Grow in an Aquaponic Garden?

There are too many
to name. It is actually easier to list the categories of plants that DO NOT
thrive in an aquaponics system. Plants like blueberries and azaleas do not work
well as they require an acidic environment to thrive.

With some protection
all of this will work in any climate. A greenhouse is ideal as you can create a
perfect environment for your fish and plants and the bonus is sunlight is free!
Also all the water in the fish tank, sump tank and grow beds will create a thermal
mass in your greenhouse which helps moderate temperature extremes.

Don’t worry if you
don’t have a greenhouse, aquaponics work inside. You can just as easily grow
fish and veg in your garage or even your cellar for example.


Benefits of Aquaponic Gardening
Aquaponic Gardening
enables home fish farming. Fresh fish for you and your family.
Aquaponic Gardening
uses 90% less water than soil-based gardening because the water is
re-circulated and only that which the plants take up or evaporates is ever
Aquaponic Gardening
results in two crops for one input (fish feed).
Aquaponic Gardening
is four to six times as productive on a square foot basis as soil-based
gardening. This is because with aquaponic gardening, you can pack plants about
twice as densely and the plants grow two to three times as fast as they do in
Aquaponic systems
only requires a small amount of energy, this is to run a pump and aeration for
the fish.
Aquaponics does not
rely on the availability of good soil, you can literally set up anywhere such
as any piece of land big enough, abandoned warehouses, schools, restaurants,
cellars and garages.
Aquaponic Gardening
is free from weeds, watering and fertilizing. It is done at a waist-high level
so prevents back strain.
Aquaponic Gardening
has to be organic. Natural fish waste provides all the food the plants need.
Pesticides would be harmful to the fish so they are never used. Hormones,
antibiotics, and other fish additives would be harmful to the plants so they
are never used.
The result is every
bit as flavourful as soil-based organic produce, with the added benefit of
fresh fish for a safe, healthy source of protein.


When the Power Stops
It is a fact that our country is more reliant on electrical
power today than at any time in its history.
Our way of life – from everyday conveniences and the
security of local emergency services to commerce and communications – is
contingent upon an always on, always available flow of electricity.
But an aging infrastructure coupled with a rise in natural
and man-made disasters threatens our entire modern day digital infrastructure.
According to many experts from the private and public sector, we’re just one
major catastrophic event away from a complete meltdown of life in the United
Kingdom as we know it today.
So, what happens if and when the grid goes down for an
extended period of time? Aside from the aggravation of not being able to
determine what is happening through traditional media channels, for the Average
person, his problems have only just begun.
Our dependency to the power grid doesn’t just stop at the
lack of electricity in our homes to power our appliances or an inability to
charge our mobile phones; it Is much broader and affects every aspect of our
We are regularly inundated with news reports covering power
cuts that last several days or weeks resulting from bad weather or snow storms.
During those times, when entire metropolitan areas or regions experience power
cuts, we get a glimpse into what a truly widespread emergency might look like.
It is often the case that the first thing residents of
affected areas do is rush to the supermarket and DIY stores hoping to acquire
critical supplies like food, water, batteries, flashlights and generators.
And while these supplies acquired at the onset of crisis may
provide short term sustenance, any long-term power cut situation that lasts for
many weeks or months will prove dangerous, and perhaps fatal, to the
Consider, for a moment, how drastically your life would
change without the continuous flow of energy the grid delivers. While
manageable during a short-term disaster, losing access to the following
critical elements of our just-in-time society would wreak havoc on the system.
Challenges or shut downs of business commerce
Breakdown of our basic infrastructure: communications, mass
transportation, supply chains
Inability to access money via atm machines
Payroll service interruptions
Interruptions in public facilities – schools, workplaces may
close, and public gatherings.
Inability to have access to clean drinking water
The last widespread outage in the Northeast with over 80,000
homes without electricity, showed how intimately interconnected and alarmingly
fragile our power grid is.
If our society is more reliant on power than at any time in
history – without it, we’ve got no commerce, no communications, no clean water
– and if power becomes less reliable in the future, the big question is: Will
we be able to hack it?
THE TROUBLE with the future of power isn’t that there is one
big problem that could knack us. It’s that there are a host of them, any one of
which could knack us.
These things that
could knack us I would class as Extreme Natural Disasters
This includes earthquakes, hurricanes, snow storms,
thunderstorms as well as massive solar storms that have the potential to
seriously damage the electrical grid. You don’t think it could happen?
It took just 90 seconds for a 1989 solar storm to cause the
collapse of the Hydro-Quebec power grid, leaving 6 million Canadians without
power for up to nine hours.
A NASA-funded report noted the risk of significant damage to
our interconnected grid in light of the forecast for increased solar activity.
Acts of Terrorism
This category includes, but is not limited to a physical
attack on the bulk power system, either at its source of generation or
somewhere along its transmission route, cyber-attack on the computers
controlling our interconnected grid, electro-magnetic pulse, or an EMP, weapon.
Have you read my “effects of EMP” article. EMP’s will create
long-lasting damage that would incapacitate electronic systems across the
country and forever change our way of life.
are another concern and someone with serious hacking skills could easily take
out computers, networks or information stored therein to cause lasting damage
to our way of life.
The Ailing Grid
Our ailing power grid is almost as sick as our failing
economy. With one malicious event, be it man made or by natural means, it is
down. Our power delivery system is as old and stooped as a pensioner.
As it is upgraded and its capacity is expanded, our
rapacious need for more electrical power races to max it out once again.
A wide-spread emergency, such as a massive power surge,
solar flare or a rogue electromagnetic pulse (EMP) detonation have the capacity
to render our entire power infrastructure useless.
Transformers and other key elements on which the grid
depends could be permanently damaged as a result of massive electric surges.
In an event such as this our immediate problem will be
finding a way to order, manufacture and take delivery of the components needed
to replace the faulty ones.
Most of the parts made for our electrical grid are made in
China – and many are decades old. It would take months to get the parts shipped
to this country and replaced.
During the power cut, millions would be adversely affected;
some even suggesting that within a year 9 out of 10 Britons would be dead from
starvation, disease and violence.
Ladies and
gentleman, if there’s one thing that can cause the veritable “S” to hit the
fan, this is it.
So how do we remedy and or prepare for a grid down scenario?
Think retro – like pioneer retro- and by that we have to go way back to when we
were not so dependent on the luxury of on-demand energy in its various forms.
When preparing for a grid-down scenario, we must comprise
different contingency plans for short-term and longer-term issues. That being
the case, we have to admit to ourselves that it could last longer than we
expect and be much more than just a minor inconvenience.
Therefore, the best way to prepare is to start with your
basic needs. That is the need for light, heat, water, and food. Therefore we
must employ the usual SHTF plans to overcome this potential disaster situation.
The vulnerability of our grid is nothing new to us as
preppers. Some have seen this problem coming for a long time and changed their
entire ways of life by going off-grid.
They have found alternative sources such as solar, wind and
diesel to power their homes and machinery. A majority of us, who have not gone
off-grid, are making a concerted effort to avoid dependence on this ailing
infrastructure and preparing for life without it.
That being said, all we can do is stay the course, prepare
accordingly and continue on.
Peter at buggrub
is not only sponsoring the competition on my website he is also offering a 10%
discount on all his products. So have you got the gonads, can you walk the
walk, dare you, I dear you to buy some buggrub and then eat it, go on I dare
you. Peter’s website is

Florida Makes
Off-Grid Living Illegal

It’s no secret that
an opposition to sustainable living exists. Earlier this year, Texas State
brought several SWAT teams to a sustainable community and threatened to shut it

Each one of the
community members were initially handcuffed at gunpoint. It was called “The
Garden of Eden Community,” and was totally self-sustainable.

This time, it’s a
lady called Robin Speronis that’s come under fire. She lives off the grid in
Florida, completely independent of the city’s water and electric system.

A few weeks ago,
officials ruled her off-grid home illegal. Officials cited
the International Property Maintenance Code, which mandates that homes be
connected to an electricity grid and a running water source.

So it appears that
our dependency on corporations isn’t even a choice.

In the end, she was
found not guilty of not having a proper sewer or electrical system; but was
guilty of not being hooked up to an approved water supply.

So what exactly is
off grid living?

It means living independently, mainly living
independently of the utility companies. Providing your own power.

It does not mean living in the Stone Age, it’s not about
bush craft. It’s about generating your own power, your own water, dealing with
your own waste.

It’s about being more self-reliant and being less
dependent on the system. Perhaps realizing that the system isn’t
really protecting us anymore and we have to look after ourselves.

The real problem
with off the grid living is that corporations lose their ability to control
those who go off grid.

With a completely
self-sustaining life style, nobody would ever have to work. What would happen

Think about that for a moment.

We would be free to
expand and create, to discover our full potential as a race and move forward
into the world of exploration and discovery, all the while living in harmony
with nature, not against it.

We’ve accepted the
monetary system, and deem it necessary for the proper function of society.
Money doesn’t ever have to come in the way of necessity, we’ve just been made
to believe that it does.

The human race does
not need to be dependent on these corporations.

While we continue to
feed this dependency, the planet continues to suffer. In order to move forward,
we must start cooperating with each other, and realize just how much potential
we have to create something magical and amazing.

Bottom line, anybody
who has the desire to live off-grid should not be hassled for it, it should be
a free choice.

It gets worse.


You may not be aware
of this, but many Western states, including Utah, Washington and Colorado, have
long outlawed individuals from collecting rainwater on their own properties
because, according to officials, that
rain belongs to someone else.
The American
government is working hard to make it illegal for you to grow veggies in your
own yard.
And in New Zealand
They have passed a
law that makes it illegal to distribute “food” without authorisation, and it
defines “food” in such a way that it includes nutrients, seeds, natural
medicines, essential minerals and drinks (including water).

By controlling seeds, the bill takes the power to grow food away from the
public and puts it in the hands of seed companies. That power may be abused.

The bill will push up mainstream food prices by subjecting producers to red
tape and registration costs. Food prices are already rising due to increased
energy costs and commodity speculation, while effective disposable incomes are

Growing food for distribution must be authorised, even for “cottage
industries”, and such authorisation can be denied.

Under the Food Bill, Police acting as Food Safety Officers can raid premises
without a warrant, using all equipment they deem necessary – including guns
(Clause 265 – 1).

Members of the private sector can also be Food Safety Officers, as at Clause
243. So Monsanto employees can raid premises – including marae – backed up by
armed police.

The Bill gives Food Safety Officers immunity from criminal and civil

The Government has created this bill to keep in line with its World Trade
Organisation obligations under an international scheme called Codex
Alimentarius (“Food Book”). So it has to pass this bill in one form or another.

These facts are in
my opinion even more reason to prepare and plan to survive, as you know we are
doing it right when they try to ban it.


A Family Plan

What you do, or do not do, is down to have you got a plan or

You are driving home and the fuel lights come on, what do
you do now? Fill up now or in the morning on the way to work?

But what if?

So you did fill up and drove home you wife was still out
working you put the meal into the oven and jumped into the bath.

Then complete darkness, a power cut, what is your plan now?

Where is your wife? Is she OK, is she trapped underground on
a tube train? Is she in a massive traffic jam as the traffic light are not
working? Oh! And the mobile phone network is down too.

I am sure something similar has happened to many people
across the world, and the problem with these disasters both natural and manmade
is that they are unpredictable.

We know that they have happened so therefore we expect they
will happen again, however we do not know when or how bad they will be or in
fact where they will be.

In the U.S. September is National Preparedness Month, We could do with one in the UK to be honest as
it would as it would remind people that they should be planning for power cuts
and disasters themselves and not be relying on the Government for their
existence when these events occur.

Unlike the U.S. the UK has yet to totally embrace the preppers and
survivalist mind set, although I have to say things are changing and more and
more people are waking up to the fact that if they do not plan to survive such
events then they will not survive it is that simple.

Reconnect with
Family after a Disaster

Plan for Specific
Needs before a Disaster

Build an Emergency

How to… Practice
for an Emergency

Planning to survive is not as easy as it sounds
unfortunately, I bet that the majority of people in the UK have not even
discussed let alone developed an emergency plan for family members detailing
what to do and how to reunite in the event of a disaster.

Think back to the earlier scenario…how would your reach your
wife? Do the two of you have a designated meeting place or perhaps a point of
contact outside of your immediate community who can assist with connecting the
two of you and confirming both parties are safe?

Connecting, having and practicing an emergency plan and
being within arms’ reach of emergency supplies are all small, simple steps we
can take today.  And, frankly, they could mean the difference between life
and death once a disaster strikes.

But no reminder, activity or promotion will be as meaningful
and as impactful as the one you take for your own life and for that of your
family. This also means thinking beyond what’s immediately obvious and planning
for those who may not be able to prepare or readily plan for themselves – like
those who are disabled, the elderly and don’t forget your pets.

Having Problems

The thoughts that
bounce around our heads can create a chain reaction of events that can
either help us or hinder us all along the way.



These thought
processes can also make a big impact on our prepping
activities. Regardless of what part of the prepping spectrum you are on,
we have certain thoughts on the kind of prepared individual we want to end
up being.



When we don’t meet
our expectations, we tend to grow frustrated and feel more inclined to give
up. When I first began prepping, I wanted to be a hard core prepper and
had some pretty grandiose conceptions of how that would be.



I envisioned being
the kind of prepper who could live off the land with nothing but a blade, some
snares and a water bottle. Have I met this goal? Not really. But I haven’t
stopped pursuing it either. I just know that this type of goal takes time to
master, and being honest it is not for me if truth be known.



When we haven’t
achieved our goals in the time expected, we can begin losing focus and be
frustrated. This could be because of the short attention spans our society has.



Our need
for immediate results can wreak havoc on a prepper’s long term desire to
be prepared. To avoid this, we have to admit at the very beginning this
is not a short-lived hobby, but a long term lifestyle change that will
take time, energy and an ongoing pursuit for knowledge.



It can take years of
studying and practicing skills to get to the point of being a hard core
prepper. Years! Anyone who thinks differently is fooling themselves and will
set themselves up for failure because of these preconceived notions.



Rather than looking
at the end result and growing frustrated because you aren’t at the point you
wanted to be, stay focused on the starting point.



Why are you preparing in the first place?



I would say that in
order to have a well-rounded supply and knowledge base, we have to start at the
very beginning and layer our prepping activities in short term, longer term and
sustainable increments. This is the best way to stay organized and ensure that
you can succeed in a disaster scenario.



The best way to
begin prepping is by making a goal. Something as simple as, “I want to be
prepared for a 3 month long disaster.” By setting a goal, you can create a
preparedness plan based around this, which becomes your starting point.



Moreover, when you
create a goal, you have also created a reference point to turn to in case you
get overwhelmed or overloaded with prepping. This reference point reminds
you to remember what you’re prepping for. From there, you can gather your
supplies and learn your skillsets.



Plan – Set your
prepper goals (short and long term), make a strategy, create lists of
supplies, make meal plans, create a financial budget to get out of debt, as
well as to fund your prepping activities.



Accrue – Begin
investing in supplies, practice preparedness-based skills, continue to educate
yourself on prepping and ways to promote a self-reliant lifestyle



Apply – When you
begin using your food stores, practicing your skills and confidently using your
preps, you are applying the knowledge you have learned. Don’t forget to keep
accumulating knowledge and learning better ways to prep.



Don’t Lose Focus



Give yourself a
break if you haven’t gotten where you wanted to be. It’s not ok to eat, live
and breathe emergency preparedness.



Each of us is on our
own journey and some may learn faster than others. Learn from others and don’t
be afraid to include your mistakes and failures as part of your education.



This is part of the
learning curve, and a necessary one at that. Further, take your time with the
material and include your family. This could be a great way to teach family
members and, rather than carrying “the world on your shoulders,” this gives you
some support.



Understand, there
will be times when you want to throw the towel in. It’s ok to take a break
from prepping. I have, and so have others. The subject of preparedness can be
stressful, especially if you are reading about worst-case scenarios all the



Your mind and spirit
will need a break, and taking some time “to fill the well” can help immensely.
Spend time with family and friends, breath, pray, meditate, exercise. Do
anything to put your focus elsewhere for a short time and then, when you
feel better, start prepping again. This makes you more open to continuing
on the prepper journey.


Remember my quest to
be the hard core type of prepper? As great as this would be, that’s not where I
am now. But, just because I haven’t met this goal doesn’t mean that everything
I have done in between has fallen by the wayside.
I am still striving
toward this, but know there is a lot to learn along the way; and I’m ok with
Whether your goal is
to be a hard core prepper or not, give yourself kudos for taking the steps
to getting your home prepared and for taking the time to learn new
We all grow
frustrated at times, especially when this is a long term quest for knowledge
and skills. My advice to those beginning to prepare is to be patient and remember
that prepping takes time.


How much do you

As a PREPPER you
will need to be 100% self-sufficient as it may be that you are isolated from
other survivors for years.



Here are some ideas for you to consider.



HOW many of you are
constantly learning new skills?



How many are
involving your children in this process?



Remember that
children’s brains are like a sponge so they will absorb much more than you and
at a faster rate.



How many people have a large collection of HOW TO Books?
Have you got any of these books?



Books on hunting



Books on Survival



Books on growing



Books on soil



Books on building
from wood to steel



Books on how to make
steel, iron, tools etc.



Books on tinctures



Books on cooking



Books on plants and



Books on herbal



Books on human body



Books on fasting



Books on Poisonous
Snakes and insects and HOW to do First Aid the list goes on and on …



How many people have done a First Aid course?



How many people know
what CPR is and how to perform it?



How many people know
HOW to treat a snake bite?


How many people “KNOW” how to do the following?
Building log cabins
Metal working
underground tunnels
Extracting Oil from
Making bows and
Making natural glue
Make flour from
different plants (not just wheat)
Make tinctures
Extracting birch
tree oil
Make charcoal
How many people have several of the following?
Round wood saws
Single and double
person wood saws
Many files for
sharpening the above
Manually powered
Wood lathe IF possible
How many people have
prepared the land around their bunker or home for growing organic food?
Adding organic
matter (cow manure etc.) into the soil.
Adding powdered rock
dust (AKA: minerals) at least 2 + yards down into the soil.
How many people have
created natural defences around their home (or know how to) using things like 2
or 3 layers of different trees with Passive Normal Trees on the outside and
then a second layer inside made up of Attack Trees which are made up of plants
with thorns, spines and prickles.
Then inside this
layer you can run a barbed wire this way when someone runs into this at night,
you will certainly know about it.
How many people have
studied NATURAL medicine and this includes HERBAL medicine and pressure points?
How many people know what herbal medicine is?
How many people know
that PINE Trees have natural Vitamin C and that Pine Bark is also abundant with
Vitamin C.?
Did you know that
Vitamin C deficiency has been one of the biggest killers of humans through our
known history and yet in most cases where people had access to Pine Trees,
almost no one utilized this powerful disease fighting natural medicine?
How many people KNOW
that just by standing out in the sun for approx. 40 minutes a day you can get
all the Vitamin D you need to stop over 90% of cancers and sickness (and it is
FREE), Plus it also has been said to stop babies being born with rickets.
How many people know
that by drinking RAW unprocessed cow’s milk, you can rebuild your teeth and
bones? How many people have a milking cow or 3 on their land? How many actually
have some land?
How many people have several EXIT tunnels from their
bunker? How many even have bunkers?
There are 101 things
I could list here but I hope that you get the picture.
Whatever you think you know now is NOT enough.
How many of you have
actually spent a FAMILY WEEK living next to a river or creek and surviving off
the land so that you can make a list of all of the things you will need WHEN
you really do need to KNOW implicitly how to do these things.


How Safe are
You at Home?

One of the scariest
things that can happen is to find an intruder in your home. When it occurs,
it’s frighteningly sudden. Often, there is little or no time to react.



By the time an
intruder is in the house, it could be too late to effectively keep him at bay.
He may be there to rob you and quickly escape, or he could have other
intentions, including kidnapping or rape.



The absolute best
way to deal with a home invader (or a burglar if no one is home) is to make him
decide — while he’s still outside — that your home is not one that he should
try to enter.



If you can convince
that burglar as he’s scoping out your neighbourhood that he will have a very
difficult time accomplishing his goal in your house, you might actually save
your life and that of your family members.



Some people believe
that their home will never be the target of a burglary because there are more
expensive houses in the immediate area that contain more expensive items to



The problem with
that kind of thinking is that fact might not matter to a burglar. A burglar is
equally interested in determining which houses he can get in and out of quickly
without being detected as he is in what kind of loot with which he can escape.



And a more expensive
house is more likely to have a more elaborate security system that the burglar
doesn’t want to mess around with.



Your choice — before
something like this happens — is whether to make it easy for the burglar or
very difficult for him.



Before I tell you
what you can do to make a burglar decide to bypass your home, including locks,
lights and landscaping, there’s something everyone should know.



The weakest link in your home defence could be you or
another person living in your home.



Yes, some home
invasions begin when a burglar busts through a front door or breaks a window
and crawls through it. But many others start with a seemingly innocent ringing
of a doorbell.



The burglar might
pretend that he’s making a delivery or that he’s collecting money for a charity
or informing you about a power cut or water or gas leak, or is just a person in
distress who needs to use a telephone or bathroom.



When these deceivers
find someone who buys their story, even for just a moment, they can either push
their way into the house after the front door has been opened, or perhaps be
invited in by a kind-hearted but naïve householder.



Once they’re on the
inside, you’re pretty much at their mercy because they will probably have a
weapon and there will be no tell-tale sign of a forced entry that a neighbour
or passer-by might spot.



So, you and your
family members should have a plan in place for every time someone rings your
doorbell or knocks on your front door.



And that strategy
should include not opening the
door until you are absolutely sure you know who that person is. Make sure that
a delivery person shows you an ID, and call the company if you have any doubts
about that person.



With that in mind I
would now like to look at the top 10 ways that you can turn your home into a
fortress. Remember, these are crucial for convincing a burglar that your home
will be too much trouble for his treachery:



Always keep your
doors locked, whether you are home or away. Install solid wood or metal-clad
doors, as these are the most likely entry points for an intruder. In addition,
upgrade your locks. Grade 1 or Grade 2 deadbolts, accompanied by heavy-duty
brass strike plates that should keep doors from being kicked in.



Keep your windows
locked. You don’t want windows that can be manipulated from the outside, so
keep them from opening more than six inches. Consider installing mounting
brackets now so that you could quickly install window bars later if necessary.



Install a security
system with a loud alarm and advertise that system with signs on your property.
Even before your security system is in place, a loud alarm could scare away an
intruder. Post a sign regarding your alarm near the entrances. Make sure
everyone living in the house knows how important it is to keep alarm codes



Make sure your front
door has a peephole that gives you a good view of anyone on your porch. Your
porch light should be bright enough to enable you to recognize the person
before you open the door.



Keep the inside of
your house well lit at night. Put your inside lights on a timer when you are
away. Make sure newspapers aren’t delivered while you’re gone, and try to keep
a car in the driveway.



Take a walk around
your home — inside and out — and look for areas where someone could enter without
a great deal of trouble. Assess these potential breach points and secure them.
If there is a seldom-used door to the outside, install a 2 x 4 barricade on the


Safeguard the
perimeter of your home by installing motion-sensor lights on your property. A
fence can be climbed, but having one might be enough to make an intruder choose
a different home. Keep your shrubbery trimmed in order to reduce the number of
hiding places around your home.
Whether or not you
own a barking dog, plant a “Beware of Dog” sign near your house’s entrances.
Dogs can be trained in defence, or at least to bark when they hear a noise
Keep tools that
could be used to break into a home (ladders, crowbars, etc.) away from open
Have a family
emergency plan. Every family member should know exactly what to do, in advance,
if an intruder enters the house. Getting out of the house quickly is best, but
if that’s not possible, a previously designated “safe room” is where they
should head.
Always keep a pair
of trainers, a torch and a mobile phone by your bed.
There is clearly a
threat to you and your family in normal times now I want you to consider what I
have just said and imagine you are now post shtf.
What changes would
you make to these peacetime plans? Then put a plan in place to do just that.


The threats we

For years we have
been warned loads of times by different people that in order to distract and
cover up the extent of the upcoming economic crash, there must be war, military
action which would prop up the failing economy, global and domestic, and what
we are seeing right now is a massive all-out war campaign.


This past week alone
we have seen Ret. Lt. Gen. Thomas McInerney warning of a coming 9/11/14 terror
attack, United States General Paul Vallely issuing a dire warning that ISIS/Al-Qaeda
sleeper cells are already in big US cities, preparing to launch attacks upon
the transportation system, the electrical grids and shopping centres.


Ex-CIA Official Mike
Morell saying “we need to worry about a 9/11-style attack by ISIS and that he
wouldn’t be surprised if ISIS showed up to a US mall with an AK-47.


Oklahoma Senator Jim
Inhofe is saying ISIS would blow up a major US city, which followed Senator
Lindsey Graham’s warning of “America in flames” House Homeland Security
Chair Rep.


Michael McCaul
stating that ISIS is intent on hitting the west, and this is just a small
sample of this all-out push and campaign being conducted by the US government,
using mouth-pieces on talk shows and interviews, in a campaign to persuade
Americans to support all-out war.


You can bet that if
this is happening in the U.S. then it will follow here too. We are also targets
for ISIS soft target attacks, we have a reputation of harbouring Islamic
extremists and allowing them to spread their hate without worry of arrest.


We even allow
terrorists to walk our streets freely under the stupid assumption that it is OK
as we are following them to see who they talk to and were they go.


And worse of all we
allow trained combat hardened terrorists back into our country even though we
know what they have done.


The UK government is
like a turkey voting for Christmas.


Make no mistake, the
threat of ISIS attacking us is very real. They have provided ample evidence
that they here, they are in our cities and on our streets and planning their
attacks now,


The problem is
though those very same terrorists and/or supporters of ISIS, will not just go
away or magically disappear once military action against Syria and Iraq begins.


We will face this
threat for decades and we as preppers and survivalists must prepare, we have no
other choice in this.


Perhaps we should
begin with keeping our eyes open and reporting anyone/thing that is strange or
out of the norm, write down car numbers, carry an EDC when out and about
perhaps a GHB.


If you think I am
being paranoid then let me tell you this.


Bloody Friday is the
name given to the bombings by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) in
Belfast on 21 July 1972. Twenty-two bombs exploded in the space of eighty
minutes, killing nine people (including two British soldiers) and injuring 130.


If my Father had not
told me not to go into Belfast city that day I would not be here now as I would
have arrived at Oxford bus station at the same time as the bombs exploded.


You and your family
must have a plan, if GOD forbid you are caught up in such an event, as I
believe that we in the West are facing our own Troubles and on a very much
larger scale.

How to Use the Internet When the
Internet Is Gone
OK, here’s
the scenario: A storm hits the area you live in, knocking out the electricity.
Your lights go out, and with it you’re Wi-Fi. Your laptop, still charged, is
without Internet.
The local
mobile phone networks are both degraded by the weather and instantly overloaded
as thousands of people around you call their friends and family to ask,
“Hey, did your power just go out? You OK?”
phone is getting service, but just barely. Calls are patchy. 3G and 4G Internet
aren’t working at all, so neither are your apps. All you can depend on is the
most resilient, and limited, feature of your mobile phone: Text messages.
Here’s how to access the Internet
without the Internet:
You can
still use Google even if all you have is SMS access. Just add 466453 (GOOGLE)
to your phonebook, then text to it as if you’re searching.
something you may not have known about your phone number: It has an e-mail
address. Almost every carrier operates what’s called an e-mail gateway, meaning
that you can send and receive e-mails via text.
how to figure out your phone’s e-mail address:
If you’re
on T-Mobile,
If you’re on Virgin, its
If you’re on Orange,
If you’re on 02, its
If you’re on
Vodafone, its
Now, to
receive your e-mail via SMS, you’ll need to forward it to your gateway address:
Most e-mail services offer this
for free in the settings page. Here’s how to do it in Gmail, for example. You’ll have to
turn this on before you lose Internet access. So, like, now.
lets you automatically forward incoming mail to another address.
  1. Open Gmail.
  2. Click the gear symbol in the
    top right.
  3. Select Settings.
  4. Select the Forwarding and
  5. Click Add a forwarding
    in the “Forwarding” section.
  6. Enter the email address you
    want to forward to.
  7. For your security, we’ll
    send a verification to that email address.
  8. Open your forwarding email
    account, and find the confirmation message from the Gmail team.
  9. Click the verification link
    in that email.
  10. Back in your Gmail account,
    refresh the page.
  11. Select the Forward a copy
    of incoming mail to
    option and make sure your new forwarding address
    is listed in the first drop-down menu.
  12. In the second drop-down
    menu, choose what you want Gmail to do with your messages, such as keep
    Gmail’s copy in the Inbox
     or archive Gmail’s copy.
  13. Click Save Changes at
    the bottom of the page.
Note: While multiple email addresses
can be added as forwarding addresses in the Forwarding and POP/IMAP tab,
Gmail can only auto-forward mail to one address at a time. The address that is
currently in use is shown in the drop-down menu next to “Forward a copy of
incoming mail to.”
If this
doesn’t work
, and in
my experience it may not, depending on your carrier and e-mail provider, you
can try an automated forwarding service such as TXTJet.
To send
e-mails via text
, you can
usually just enter an e-mail address instead of a phone number. These same
e-mail gateways work in reverse, meaning you can either respond directly to
messages forwarded through the gateway or send a new message by entering
“” in the recipient box in your texting
app. This works on many older phones, too, though typing out email addresses on
a T9 keypad will be a chore.
It’s not
the most graceful process, but it works.
You can
do almost anything on Twitter via SMS, which, if you’re interested, you can
read about here. But in the event of an outage,
there are really only two Twitter SMS features you’ll need.
To get
simple updates from any account,
set up an SMS Fast Follow. This does not require
your Twitter account, and will keep your text volume low. Just send
“Follow [username]” to 40404. (No @ symbol required.) This will let
you receive updates from important accounts, but won’t let you post. Some
suggestions and example for Fast Follows, though yours will be
How to
add your phone to your existing Twitter account via SMS:

Send a text to your Twitter code [40404] with the word START.
— We’ll
reply and ask you to text YES to the Twitter short code.
— Text
your username to the same number. Do not use the @ symbol or quotation marks.
Send your username ONLY. For example: larrybird
— Next,
text your password. This is case sensitive, so be sure you are sending your
password correctly.
— That’s
it! You’re ready to go!
account can now be used with the whole range of Twitter text commands. A few
important ones:
ON: turns
ALL your authorized Twitter updates and notifications on.
turns ALL phone notifications off.
anything you send to 40404 will be posted from your account. (These
instructions only work for Verizon, AT&T, and affiliated MVNOs.)
This used
to be more functional, but you can still have Facebook forward you
notifications and private messages via SMS, as well as post status updates. You
can also respond to private messages, which is potentially valuable if you
don’t have someone’s phone number but happen to be Facebook friends.
To activate
Facebook via SMS
, go to
your Facebook account settings and click “Mobile” on the left side of
the page. Turn on Facebook Message forwarding and Notifications. (You can
customize which ones get through in a submenu.)
Once this
is set up, you can also post a status update by texting it to 32665 (FBOOK).
So set
these up now just in case.
First Aid Kit and First Aid Training
A first aid kit is
an important item of equipment, especially when you are using a knife, axe or
saw, therefore, it should be carried on your person (I carry a few select
items in a pocket using a small nylon, waterproof pouch e.g. plasters,
bandage etc. I call this my ‘small cuts kit’ with the main first aid kit in
the rucksack). The first aid kit should be stocked to handle every day and
worst case scenarios, as typically you will be a significant distance from
medical help. The first aid kit shown in the picture contains
• 42 x assorted
• 10 x antiseptic
• 10 x cotton buds
• 8 x Co-codamol
30/500mg tablets
• 8 x Paracetamol
500mg tablets
• 8 x Ibuprofen
200mg tablets
• 6 x Imodium
• 4 x safety pins
• 3 x dressing pad
7.5cm x 7.5cm
• 3 x dressing pad
5cm x 5cm
• 2 x stretch
bandages 5cm x 4m
• 1 x roll of
micro-pore tape
• 1 x tube of
Savlon antiseptic cream
• 1 x tube of
Lipsol cream
• 1 x scissors
• 1 x tweezers
• 1 x needle
• 1 x bottle of
surgical spirits
• 1 x field
dressing 20cm x 19cm
• 1 x water proof
The most common
requirements will by to treat minor cuts, splitters and blisters. To treat
blisters, first clean the affected area with surgical spirits and drain using
a sterilised needle (heated in flame) by making a small hole at the edge of
the blister and gently push out the fluid.
Then wipe on a
little antiseptic cream or surgical spirit and cover with a suitable plaster
or gauze and tape. Tip; ensure that the tape does not stick onto the blister
as this can cause tearing when removed. If possible remove the cause of the
blister in the shoe and increase padding using thicker or additional socks.
At night allow
blisters to dry by removing plasters and drain again. A rub with surgical
spirits also helps harden and clean the skin and on your feet and between
your toes. You should pay particular attention to medium sized cuts as these
can easily become infected.
Ensure these are
covered with a suitable plaster i.e. keeping the cut clean and immobilised it
whilst it’s healing. Tip, if a cut does become dirty keep a clean plaster on
overnight, its surprising how easily the dirt is drawn out.
The disadvantage of
keeping a plaster on for a long period of time is that it softens the skin,
when possible airs the cut to allow the skin to harden (although not
recommended I find that a splash of surgical spirits helps).
Worst case
scenarios are covered with a standard army field dressing and a selection of
dressing pads and stretch bandages. Pain killers included; Paracetamol
(general, reduce fever), Co-codamol (stronger), Ibuprofen (anti-inflammatory,
aspirin based).
Care should be
taken when mixing Paracetamol based tablets i.e. Paracetamol and Co-codamol.
Finally, Imodium tablets to treat bowl disorders.
And, last but not
least… Knowledge. I have seen extremely fancy first aid kits that would put
some A&E departments to shame. They include, defibrillators, suture kits
etc. But, if you don’t know how to use these items, they are pretty much
useless to you.
St John’s ambulance courses are available in most places. Better still and
much more applicable to the survivalist’s are dedicated survival first aid

When the Brown
Stuff Hits the Fan

Many people
nowadays are quite aware that the world they live in is going to the toilet.
Aside from the geophysical part that “seems” to be going haywire and could be
nothing other than the planet’s cycles, there are plenty of manmade
catastrophes that loom on the horizon.

Never has the
planet had as many people as now and the more people there are the more
competition there is for resources. More countries seek nuclear devices than
ever before and with advancements in technology this is a much easier process
than at any time before.

Biological and
chemical weapons are also much easier to manufacture because of leaps in
technology in regards to computers. Oil markets are much tighter because of the
countries of China and India and their increasing need of energy to fuel their
booming economies, and new finds of oil fields cannot keep up with the demand.

The debacle of the
world economies needs no introduction. In short, bad times, really bad times
could and probably will be coming to a neighbourhood near you.

Unless you and your
family take quite seriously this possibility, if and when something extremely
horrible happens, you could very well end up one of the large number of

Many survival sites
have informative and excellent advice on survival that can help you make it
through a limited amount of time when everyday life is totally disrupted.

However, what
exactly does a person do IF the society that almost all of us have become way
too dependent on, fails to recover for an extended period of time, if ever

What IF
civilization implodes and only begins to recuperate after centuries have gone
by? If you watch some of the ideas people have on survival being interviewed on
television, you have to wonder what exactly these people are thinking.

The people that
have prepared for problems with the world are woefully ready for any disaster
lasting for more than a few days at best. One lady thought having a torch was
being prepared. Even those that have invested in a years’ worth of food and
supplies, there are some basic survival skills that need to be learned and
understood to better increase one’s chance of making it through a possible
long-term survival situation.

Here are some
suggestions on those survival skills that will likely be needed after a
nightmare has hit human civilization with a vengeance. Each of these skills can
fill an entire article on learning and teaching of it.

So only a brief
overlay of each of these will be discussed to long descriptions. Further
information can be obtained through many survival books and the many articles
on each subject.

Situations and
personal handling of SHTF situations will differ widely, but the foundation
will likely be there for almost everyone. The main objective is to get people
into learning and practicing these survival skills so when something
cataclysmic does happen, they can better deal with and make it through intense
human tragedy.

Prepare for the
worst. Individuals can still hope for the best, but something lacking with many
preppers is that they still cannot even think about something really awful

Too many of those
that do ready themselves for disasters cannot find within themselves to even
discuss with their families and friends a calamity that is horrid and what to
do if it should manifest itself.

This denial I think
leads to a failure of preparing enough beyond usually a couple of weeks or so.
To them, there is still that government or other safety net waiting for them
when their preparation runs out.

Learn and train your mind to expect the totally unexpected.

The bizarre often
happens, and there are events that are going to freak out even some of the
better prepared survivalists. A lot of people will prepare and practice all
sorts of drills for various horrors, which is wonderful training.

There still lurks
the possibility of something so strange and weird that it shocks practically
everyone. By addressing this possibility in your thoughts before it actually
happens, you have conditioned your mind to at least accept this.

Training for
something strange can be done through other individuals within your circle of
allies coming up with sudden scenarios that only their imaginations can fathom.

Learn to live
meagre. This is practicing for when times become lean for everyone. If a person
wants to avoid the shock of living well to living under a rationed way of life,
now is the time to get used to it.

We all take so much
for granted – the modern conveniences – it becomes an automated habit to turn
on a light switch, flip on the internet, TV, mobile phone, without even
considering this could be wiped out within an instant.

We open the
refrigerator and there is food, or put food already pre-cooked into the
microwave to warm it. We go to the supermarket and get what we need. We have
entertainment at our fingertips.

If this is all
gone, how will people handle it? Horribly I think if they have not gotten used
to going without it for at least part of their lives. A “time out” each day
from what we so rely on that could disappear is quite helpful to being ready
for if it does go away suddenly.

Find personal
motivators to continue on. When it looks hopeless after a mega SHTF episode,
having some concrete reason to fight and continue on is an absolute necessity
to avoid giving up. Many people will feel, “what’s the point?”, and just stop
trying to survive. Someone’s child sitting next to them, a parent, a sibling, a
spouse, a friend, someone that means something to you can be that inspiration
to continue on. It can be just someone’s desire for life that helps them over
the hump. Finding that personal reason to survive and fight on is so important.

Understand the
world and potential disasters that await. When you can better expect what could
happen, you are less likely to be caught off guard. Timing is everything.

An individual that
can bug out before something hits is going to be way ahead of the pack. While
predicting the future is probably going to be unlikely, seeing a situation
developing and acting on it before it occurs can be a life saver.

By monitoring the
news of the world with vigilance you can see something others don’t. By
becoming more informed about earth science if you live in an area prone to
geophysical disaster can make a great difference.


The old adage about
knowledge is power is very true, but knowledge is also part of survival and the
more you have the more likely it is that you will survive.
Make plans and
stick to them. After a disaster your mind is going to be racing around like a
car on a race track. Pre-planning and having a written down set of measures to
take will make someone’s life go much smoother when SHTF.
Your own personal
plan is ONLY what best fits what you are going to do during and after a
disaster. People should also have back-up plans, PLAN B and C and D at least
because nothing ever seems to go as planned. Haphazard approaches to the
aftermaths of catastrophes are kind of like a chicken running around without a
Understand how
you’ll react. Some people just cannot handle stress, they freeze up and panic
overwhelms them.
Everyone reacts to
stress and fear in different ways, and even the most calm in control person can
go ballistic or paralyzed with fright. Addressing this issue before something
happens and attempting to come to grips with it is essential.
People have
remarkable levels of tolerance for bad times and most can dig down and come up
mentally with what is necessary to survive. Any phobia or fear is usually
better dealt with before being put to the test.
A first step is to
admit to oneself that these disasters can and do happen and then thinking over,
even writing down how one will handle it. Talking this over with another is
Understand the
psychology of desperate people. This is a difficult one. After a SHTF event
people are just going to go crazy I think.
That neighbour that
was in control during many minor emergencies may be the one pounding on your
door with whacked out eyes demanding what you have because they did not prepare
for anything.
Someone in your own
survival group may just blank out in a zombie-like stare. Unexpected times
brings out the worst in people and people should prepare for this possibility.
You yourself could lose it. Again, preparing for this will help should it
occur. You always hope that disasters will bring out the best in your fellow
person, but often this is not the case.
Be clever and
inventive. When the world falls apart around someone, there is likely not going
to be anyone there to repair what you have or somewhere to replace it. You will
either have to go without, repair it yourself, or jerry rig up some contraption
that will function for you.
Much can be learned
by practicing going without your power tools and fixing things using only hand
tools and what you can find in spare parts laying around. Using junk to come up
with unique devices that work for you will become a necessary skill you will
need to master, should society fail to come back.
Learn and condition
yourself into a survival mentality. Homeless people become experts at seeing
what others consider pure trash as survival tools. The fine art of scrounging
around will become a chore that people will have to do to find what they need.
That bottle on the
ground after a disaster can be used for many purposes including collecting
something you can use.
People must first
try to see in their minds what use certain items can have for them. Homeless
people have become quite good at this during stable times, everyone will have
to learn this skill after times become nightmare-like.
Know where you are
going. Whether someone is going to bug in or bug out to somewhere safer, they
need to know where they plan to make a stand and stay. Transportation is a very
important issue to consider and how much of what they have can be moved to
where they are planning to go.
Fuel will be a huge
consideration as the lack of it prohibits how far someone can go. Something
else everyone should understand is how to read maps. You will likely not have
any GPS system to guide you and the good old fashioned paper map may be the
only way to show you where you are going.
topographic maps is also key here.
Learn how to
maintain light at night. One of the most depressing situations is to spend
night in near to total darkness. Besides this, not being able to see at night
is dangerous. Learning how to make candles and wicks should be a skill to
consider learning. Fats and other oils will burn and can be obtained throughout
nature and the outdoors. Long term solar battery rechargers for torches and LED
battery powered lanterns are another option.
Learn how to hide.
There will almost certainly come a time after a bad disaster that you will want
to avoid being noticed at all.
Learning how to
camouflage yourself is a good start. Avoiding detection is concealing yourself
from sight, sound, and smell from others. Any activity that a person engages in
can be magnified many times when the normal sounds of a busy city or town are
now quiet.
Much careful
consideration must go into taking this into account if a person wants to remain
unbeknownst to others that mean them harm.
inconspicuous can be difficult in some cases, but it can be done.
Maintain proper
hygiene. This is one of the top priorities within the armed forces because
disease and sickness can and do take down the toughest of soldiers.
People must realize
that after a terrible disaster it is not like someone that goes camping, comes
back dirty, and takes a nice long shower or a hot bath. After SHTF the water to
the taps, as well the hot water heater, may not work. Bathing on at least a
semi-regular basis is necessary to avoid all sorts of bacteria from building up
on the skin and causing a variety of health concerning ailments that will then
have to be treated. People should plan on just how they will keep themselves
clean, even thinking about sponge baths as an option.
How to dispose of
waste and proper sanitation. In third world countries and the pre-flush toilet
era one of the leading causes of illness and death was and is waste not
properly discarded. If the toilets won’t flush because there is no water to
make them work, human waste is going to be a huge whopping problem for people
trying to survive.
Even improperly
burying human excrement can lead to disease. Portable toilets, toilet paper and
disinfection (bleach for one) should be one of the top items in any survival
kit, lots of it. Also disposal of other trash is an issue that can bring hungry
dangerous animals around drawn to the stench.
Burning of your
rubbish can be a choice of some, while plastic rubbish bags and the means to
find some place to dump them is another alternative.
Learn to control
pest and other vermin. This is a problem that led to about half of Europe dying
several hundred years ago with the Black Death.
Fleas and ticks carry some terrible diseases.
Even people that
stay inside their own homes will have to deal with this problem. People outside
will have to contend with the fleas, ticks, flies, mosquitoes, mice, rats,
etc., etc., etc. There are many repellents in nature that can help a lot such
as citronella, even the smell of garlic that most vermin do not like much at
all. Stocking up on insect and other commercial repellents is always an
excellent idea. It only takes one bite to make a person deathly sick.
radiation and fallout and how to protect yourself.
This is one of the
least understood of the survival precautions taken. There are hundreds of
nuclear power plants that could fail after the world goes to the toilet. There
are still tens of thousands of nuclear weapons available for war should
countries decide to use them.
Fallout is
something that you might not even see and until you are sick might not even
know you have been contaminated. Purchase of a radiation detector that is
protected against EMP is a wise idea. Understanding about radiation
accumulation dosage RAD’s and how to shield oneself against it is paramount.
Learn how to
forecast the weather. Without knowledge of what to look at before a storm
system comes in, someone could be trapped and die when they are buried under
snow or a wall of water from a flash flood.
Even one of those
pocket weather forecasters that can be purchased at most sporting goods stores
is a good start. Other weather forecasting books are available to help someone
get a better idea on what the future weather holds for an area that they are in.
Weather is still
one of the deadliest killers in the modern age. It will become magnitudes worst
when people cannot get weather warnings over a radio or other source. People
will have to forecast it themselves.
Learn first aid.
Treating yourself and or others will probably be the only thing someone can do
as medical professionals are going to be few and far between. Many places offer
free classes on first aid because they want people in the community to be
prepared. A good first aid book along with a first aid kit is something every
household should have before, during, and after a disaster. Primitive
conditions should be expected when anyone is helping someone after a
catastrophe. A stockpile of antibiotics are always a good idea.
Learn about
nutrition. Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are nothing to fool around with.
Just look what
scurvy, the lack of Vitamin C, can do to someone. Many survivalists and
preppers make the critical mistake of only being concerned about calories to
keep them going. Vitamins; A, B1 through B12, C. D, E, K, Minerals; Calcium,
Copper, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Potassium, Selenium,
Zinc, and trace minerals are necessary to keep a body going. Many survival
foods have some of what your body needs, but sadly lack in others. Each person
needs different amounts and any survival food supply should make this need as
important as the food itself.
Vitamin and mineral
supplements should be stocked with food if someone is unsure about what they
are getting.
Learn to keep body
temperature uniform. The Goldilocks analogy here, not too hot, nor too cold,
but just right. Your physical body should remain as near to what your body has
been used to as possible.
It is not only
uncomfortable being freezing cold or roasting to death, it puts a lot of stress
on the body making someone more susceptible to becoming sick. Trying to stay
cool uses up a lot of water, and trying to stay warm uses up more calories.
Plan ahead with good warm clothes and blankets for the cold.
Find places that
are cooler during hot weather. Keeping out the elements where you are is
essential and should be given much thought. If living outside, having a good
shelter is beyond important. is something everyone should become more familiar
How to start and
maintain a fire. This is for everyone. Having a fire and keeping it going when
you need to has been the essence to the very first people on the planet
Fire cooks, heats
water, keeps you warm, sterilizes items, and gives light. Having a lighter,
matches, any starter is one thing, but actually keeping the fire going is
Making sure the
fire does not cause damage to your home or shelter is something not everyone
thinks about. Burning of toxic wood or other material is something to remember
never to do.
Keeping a fire not
too noticable to others is something everyone should remember because normally
a fire means FOOD to a hungry person. While most everyone thinks that using a
fire is rudimentary, there is much more to it.
Obtain water and
purify it. This is one of the most rehashed subjects of survival but probably
the most important one. Most people just assume the taps will continue to flow
and water will be there.
Preppers that take
water as extremely urgent often forget just how heavy water is and the hauling
of water back and forth from a source such as a stream can be difficult as well
as hazardous if it is wiser to stay inside for whatever reason.
People need to know
that unless water is from a spring it will likely need to be purified and this
means some reliable filters or boiling it which requires heat from a fire,
along with pots to boil it in.
Aside from
drinking, water is also needed to rehydrate food, make milk from powder, and of
course cleaning yourself with. We all have to have a certain amount of liquid a
day, and juice and other sources will suffice, but water is something that
everyone still needs in order to keep their bodies healthy and functioning, as
well as to remove toxins in the body. Water need and how much water will be
used is something that is often vastly underestimated by many.
Learn how to grow
food and or find it. People’s supplies will only last so long, and eventually
self-sufficiency with acquiring food will become necessary.
Many people are
into seed storing, and in many cases growing your own food will feed the
However growing
food has many drawbacks that people need to look at. Water is an issue in dry
areas as irrigation is very manpower or animal power dependent. The growing
season is a huge consideration.
Pest problems are
enormous as pest control, pesticides both natural herbicides and chemical, are
not going to be readily available. One of the gravest things to contemplate
about is actually guarding your yield, as two legged problems could be a bigger
issue to your crops than some beetle infestation.
Hungry people will
see food growing and take it, 24 hours a day. No one can grow enough food to
feed all those seeking food. From a practical sense, it might be a better idea
for some to go the hunter and gathering approach.
Learn how to defend
yourself and be willing to do it. This almost certainly means owning a firearm
and knowing how to use it and be willing to use it to protect yourself or
others. Many TV survival documentaries show have people that feel they can
defend themselves with knives, clubs, whatever, but in reality against someone
else with a firearm they are going to lose 95%+ of the time.
A firearm is an
extension of a weapon that has speed and force behind it. Even the humble .22
calibre can stop any person. Many people think that they cannot use a firearm
against another person, but this feeling changes abruptly when they see one of
their family members at risk.
Some people still
cannot use a firearm, and in this case should consider some form of
self-defence such as the non-lethal devices including stun batons, pepper
sprays, TASERS, even baseball bats.
NO ONE should ever
consider themselves to be safe after a SHTF event, NEVER. People can feel that
everyone will come together and rebuild society, many good people will, but
there are plenty of bad people in this world.
It may come down to
you or them. Everyone needs to practice and practice with any self-defence
armament they have, so there is no hesitation when it comes to saving one’s
life from someone that is willing to take yours.
These are
suggestions that people need to address now, before trying to survive the
aftermath of a horrible event that sends the normalcy that everyone has become
accustomed to down the drain for extended periods of time.
People that prepare
have to realize that when civilization stops functioning, so does everything
that most of us depend on.
There may never be
that safety net there for us to fall into WHEN our stocked up survival supplies
run dry. Much of survival is having supplies, as well as backups for when food,
water, and other necessities cannot be found.
The other part is
being ready for everything our new life could throw in our way. For this we all
need to learn survival skills. At least think about it and then hopefully act
upon it. When someone thinks about their personal needs, an individual can
probably add many more survival skills to. They should become quite proficient
with the skills they personally need and can use NOW, before SHTF so they have
a better chance of surviving some nightmare series of events that “seem” like
an inevitability in the not too near distant future


Chinese Researchers Created Flu Virus Strains
Scientists slam ‘appalling irresponsibility’ of researchers
in China who deliberately created new strains of killer flu virus
Former government chief scientist Lord May accused Chinese
team of ‘blind ambition’
Researchers created strains in a bid to develop vaccines
Comes as experts warn new flu strain that has killed 27 in
China could spread to Europe
One of Britain’s leading scientists has hit out at Chinese
researchers who created new strains of a killer flu virus in a bid to develop
They claim the ‘hybrid’ flu, which mixes bird flu virus with
human flu, could escape the lab and lead to a global health crisis pandemic
killing millions of people.
It comes amid rising fears of a flu epidemic as China
struggles to contain an outbreak of the virus.
The Bird Flu Virus up close: researchers fear an
experimental strain of he killer virus could escape from the Chinese lab that
created it
The Bird Flu Virus up close: researchers fear an
experimental strain of the killer virus could escape from the Chinese lab that
created it
Fears over hybrid flu escaping led to scientists imposing a
voluntary moratorium on their H5N1 research, banning transmission studies using
However, researchers decided to lift the ban earlier this
year, arguing that they have now consulted widely with health organisations and
the public over safety concerns.
However, some scientists still oppose the work, saying any
work is too dangerous and experimental strains could escape the lab.
Professor Hualan Chen, director of China’s National Avian
Influenza Reference Laboratory at Harbin Veterinary Research Institute,
deliberately mixed the H5N1 bird-flu virus, which is highly lethal but not
easily transmitted between people, with a 2009 strain of H1N1 flu virus, which
is very infectious to humans.
 GPs advised how to
spot bird flu as virus continues to mutate at an alarming rate
The researchers claim the work could help develop a vaccine.
The work of Zhang and colleagues provides a framework for
further studies examining how the structure of the avian flu virus influences
how readily it could transition to being a pathogen with human pandemic
potential,’ Science Express, the journal which published the research, said.
The study, which was carried out in a laboratory with the
second highest security level to prevent accidental escape, resulted in 127
different viral hybrids between H5N1 and H1N1, five of which were able to pass
by airborne transmission between laboratory guinea pigs.
However, it is feared
the mutated viruses could escape, sparking a global pandemic.
They claim they are doing this to help develop vaccines and
such like,’ Lord May of Oxford, a former government chief scientist and past
president of the Royal Society, told The Independent.
In fact the real reason is that they are driven by blind
ambition with no common sense whatsoever, and the record of containment in labs
like this is not reassuring.
They are taking it upon themselves to create human-to-human
transmission of very dangerous viruses. It’s appallingly irresponsible,’ he
It comes as experts warn human cases of a deadly new strain
of bird flu that has killed 27 people in China are likely to crop up in Europe
and around the world.
Quarantine activities at a bay in Hwaseong City, South
Korea. Lord May, a former Government science advisor, warned the ‘hybrid’ flu,
which mixes bird flu virus with human flu, could escape the lab and kill
In his first media interview since returning from an
international scientific mission to China last week, Professor Angus Nicoll,
the head of the influenza and respiratory viruses programme at the European
Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), said the H7N9 flu outbreak in
humans was one that should be taken extremely seriously and watched closely.
We are at the start
of a very long haul with H7N9,’ Nicoll told Reuters in a telephone interview.
He said there were many scientific questions to be answered
about the new flu strain, which was first detected in patients in China in
March having been previously unknown in humans.
The flu has so far infected at least 127 people in China and
killed 27 of them, according to latest data from Chinese health authorities and
the World Health Organization.
Scientific studies of the virus have established it is being
transmitted from birds – probably mostly chickens – to people, making it a
so-called zoonotic disease that humans catch from animals rather than from
other humans.
Nicoll, who visited Beijing and Shanghai last week with a
team of international scientific experts, confirmed what the WHO has repeatedly
said – that there is no evidence yet of the virus efficiently passing from
person to person – a factor that would make H7N9 a serious pandemic flu threat
if it were to evolve.
A worker sprays disinfectant in a live poultry market in
Banchiao, New Taipei City, ahead of a sweeping ban on live poultry slaughter in
markets that will take effect across Taiwan in two weeks
Nicoll said the ‘most pressing public health question’ for
now was to identify the source of the circulating virus – the so-called
‘reservoir’ – that is leading to chickens contracting it and sporadically
passing it on to humans.
This is likely to take time, with any results unlikely for
several months.
He said the ECDC, which monitors disease in the European
Union, and health authorities around the world should expect that ‘imported
cases’ of H7N9 flu may well begin to crop up elsewhere.
Flu experts speaking at a briefing in London on Wednesday
said those mutations, together with evidence that H7N9 is still mutating
rapidly and probably spreading almost invisibly among birds because it does not
make them obviously sick, meant this new flu was a ‘serious threat’ to world
You can never predict anything about flu, but it is
concerning to see those mutations there, Nicoll said. ‘That’s why it’s
important Europe should take this very seriously.’
Nicoll added that he thought the Chinese were doing an
‘impressive job’ handling, reporting, investigating and seeking to contain the
Outbreak Of New SARS-Like Virus Kills 5 In Saudi Arabia
With a new bird flu in China, it’s easy to forget that
there’s another worrisome virus emerging in the Middle East.
Today we got a rude reminder of its presence.
Five more people have died from a new SARS-like virus on the
Arabian Peninsula, the World Health Organization Thursday. Two others are being
treated in intensive care.
That brings the total cases to 24, including 16 deaths.
Since the virus in April 2012, it has been detected in
Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and the U.K.
There’s very little information about the seven new cases,
except that they were all reported at the same hospital in Al-Hasa — a region
on the eastern edge of Saudi Arabia, bordering the Persian Gulf.
Virologists discovered the new coronavirus after it killed a
Saudi Arabian man last summer.
Coronaviruses can cause a mild cold or severe pneumonia-like
Bats harbor many types of coronaviruses and were probably
the original source of the new coronavirus that appeared in the Middle East.
We have not found any cases anywhere else in the eastern
region, Dr. Ziad Memish, from the Saudi Ministry of Health, The National.
The virus is a cousin of SARS, which killed more than 750
people in 2003. Like SARS, nCoV causes severe pneumonia, but it doesn’t spread
easily between people.
In February, two family members in Britain the virus from a
relative who had been traveling through Saudi Arabia. But otherwise, there has
been little evidence of person-to-person transmission.
Genetic sequencing shows that nCoV is most closely to a bat
virus. But health workers still don’t know where the virus comes from.
That’s the million-dollar question, virologist of the U.K.
Health Protection Agency told Shots a few weeks ago. “We don’t really know
how any of these patients have caught the virus, except for the two families in
the U.K.,” Bermingham said, referring to the first 17 cases.
We don’t have a good handle on what’s happening on the
Arabian Peninsula or elsewhere,” she added. “But we’re hopeful that
authorities there are actively investigating their severe respiratory
Viruses are one of those things that pop up every now and
then. You just don’t know when they’re going to cause human infections,”
she said.
And Another Super Bug
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported sexually
transmitted disease in the U.S.
A growing number of cases are being reported globally of an
antibiotic-resistant strain known as HO41
It has been listed as a superbug and doctor are warning it
has the potential to become very dangerous very quickly
Gonorrhea is especially common amongst young people aged
Doctors are warning that an antibiotic-resistant strain of
gonorrhoea, now considered a superbug, has the potential to be as deadly as the
AIDS virus.
This particular strain of gonorrhea, known as HO41, was
discovered in Japan two years ago in a 31-year-old female sex worker who had
been screened in 2009. The bacteria has since been found in Hawaii, California
and Norway.
In a bid to avoid contracting gonorrhea, in particular the
HO41 strain, people are encouraged to practice safe sex
HO41 has so far proved resistant to current antibiotic
treatment and so it has been placed in the superbug category.
This might be a lot worse than AIDS in the short run because
the bacteria is more aggressive and will affect more people quickly,’ Alan
Christianson, a doctor of naturopathic medicine told CNBC.
Nearly 30 million people have died from AIDS related causes
worldwide, but Christianson believes the effect of the gonorrhea bacteria is more
Getting gonorrhea from this strain might put someone into
septic shock and death in a matter of days,’ Christianson said. ‘This is very
In a briefing on Capitol Hill last week, William Smith,
executive director of the National Coalition for STD Directors, urged Congress
to target nearly $54 million in immediate funding to help find an antibiotic
for HO41 and to conduct an education and public awareness campaign.
A Terrifying holiday bug that can burst your blood vessels
All it takes is an insect bite and you could even fall
victim on a trip to France. The growing danger of deadly dengue fever
James Bradley had planned a romantic holiday to Bali as a
surprise for his wife. But a few days into their trip, the 33-year-old
developed what he thought was flu.
It was, in fact, a tropical disease, and he deteriorated so
rapidly his wife Katie feared the worst.
He had contracted dengue fever, a disease spread by infected
mosquitoes. While it usually produces only flu-like symptoms, James went on to
develop a severe form, which causes internal bleeding and can prove fatal.
Worldwide, 20,000 people die from it every year.
With no cure or vaccination, dengue is endemic in more than
100 countries (compared with nine in 1970), and there are 100 million
infections every year.
Though it’s a tropical disease, cases have been reported in
France and Croatia. After it struck the island of Madeira last year, the World
Health Organisation warned of a future European outbreak.
Though it cannot be passed from human to human, a
non-infected mosquito that bites someone with dengue then becomes a carrier,
passing the disease to the next person it bites.
Infected travellers can also inadvertently bring home the
disease to their native country.
Dengue incubates for several days — after the initial bite,
the disease multiplies in the lymph glands.
By morning, the fever had hit 40c. I was also being sick and
suffering terrible diarrhoea. The hotel called a doctor, who diagnosed
By the next day,
James could barely walk.
Not only was James showing the characteristic symptoms —
fever, aches and vomiting — but blood tests showed his platelet count was
Platelets are the tiny cells that are vital for blood
clotting. A healthy person usually has 200,000 to 400,000 platelets per cubic
millimetre of blood. James’s had fallen to just over 100,000 — a common level
in dengue sufferers. A count of 50,000 can prove fatal.
When the Trucks Stop the UK Stops
OK so you are not a prepper and you think that preppers are
a few cards short of a full deck? you assume that anyone that is
“preparing for doomsday” does not have their elevator going all the
way to the top floor?
Well, you might want to listen to me first before you make a
final decision that all preppers are crazy.
The information that you are about to hear I hope will shock
you.  To be honest, you have no idea how
incredibly vulnerable our economic system is to a transportation
disruption.  I am continually getting
emails and comments on my websites asking “how to prepare” for what
is coming, so when I came across this information I knew that I had to share it
with all of you.
Hopefully what you are about to hear will motivate you to
prepare like never before, and hopefully you will share this information with
Originally, I was going to write an article about the rising
unemployment in Europe today.  Did you
know that unemployment in the Eurozone is now at a 15 year high?  It has risen for 10 months in a row with no
end in sight.
But I have written a few articles about the economic crisis
in Europe before.  So before starting on
this article I started thinking of all the “preparation” questions I
have been getting lately and I went surfing for further information.
The truth is that our “just in time” inventory and
delivery systems leave us incredibly vulnerable to a nationwide disaster.
You see, it is very expensive to hold and store goods, so
most manufacturers and retailers rely on a continual flow of deliveries that
are scheduled to arrive “just in time”, and this significantly
reduces their operating expenses.
This is considered to be good business practice for
manufacturers and retailers, but it also means that if there was a major
nationwide transportation disruption that our economic system would grind to a
halt almost immediately.
Once store shelves are picked clean, they would not be able
to be replenished until trucks could get back on the road.  In the event of a major nationwide disaster,
that could be quite a while.
So what could potentially cause a nationwide transportation
Well, it is easy to imagine a lot of potential scenarios – a
volcanic eruption, a historic earthquake, an EMP attack, a solar megastorm, a
war, a major terror attack, an asteroid strike, a killer pandemic, mass rioting
in UK cities, or even martial law. If something caused the trucks to stop
running, life in the UK would immediately start changing.
So exactly what would that look like?
A Timeline Showing the Deterioration of Major Industries
Following a Truck Stoppage
The first 24 hours
Delivery of medical supplies to the affected area will
Hospitals will run out of basic supplies such as syringes
and catheters within hours. Radiopharmaceuticals will deteriorate and become
Service stations will begin to run out of fuel.
Manufacturers using just-in-time manufacturing will develop
component shortages.
UK mail and other package delivery will cease.
Within one day
Food shortages will begin to develop.
Automobile fuel availability and delivery will dwindle,
leading to skyrocketing prices and long lines at the petrol stations.
Without manufacturing components and trucks for product
delivery, assembly lines will shut down, putting thousands out of work.
Within two to three
Food shortages will escalate, especially in the face of
hoarding and consumer panic.
Supplies of essentials—such as bottled water, powdered milk,
and canned meat—at major retailers will disappear.
ATMs will run out of cash and banks will be unable to
process transactions.
Service stations will completely run out of fuel.
Domestic rubbish will start piling up in urban and suburban
Container ships will sit idle in ports and rail transport
will be disrupted, eventually coming to a standstill.
Within a week
Automobile travel will cease due to the lack of fuel.
Without autos and busses, many people will not be able to get to work, shop for
groceries, or access medical care.
Hospitals will begin to exhaust oxygen supplies.
Within two weeks
The nation’s clean water supply will begin to run dry.
Within four weeks
The nation will exhaust its clean water supply and water
will be safe for drinking only after boiling. As a result gastrointestinal
illnesses will increase, further taxing an already weakened health care system.
This timeline presents only the primary effects of a freeze
on truck travel. Secondary effects must be considered as well, such as
inability to maintain telecommunications service, reduced law enforcement,
increased crime, increased illness and injury, higher death rates, and likely,
civil unrest.
All this would happen almost immediately if there was an EMP
attack or a CME event, I suggest that if you are not a prepper that you
seriously consider becoming one and if you are a prepper heed my words please.
So you don’t think a
Pandemic could happen well these stories will prove you wrong


Prepping If You Are Disabled
Most people assume preppers and survivalist are Rambo types
with lots of cool gear and a more than reasonable amount of physical prowess
for handling any type of situation that comes along.
Since EVERYONE needs to be prepared for disaster, that
stereotype leaves out a goodly portion of the population who are disabled in
one fashion or another. Note that disabled doesn’t just mean someone in a wheel
Disabilities can run the gamut from being morbidly obese to
missing limbs to having severe chronic health conditions to not being able to
understand English (and therefore not being able to understand orders to
evacuate, etc) to being elderly to having limited mobility to having an acute
fear of large groups of people (which would make living in a shelter tricky) to
having schizophrenia…
You can see that the range and number of disabilities is
quite long but the idea is that no matter what your condition is, you or your
carer (ie: the person charged with caring for people with these and other
disabilities) needs to take some additional things into consideration in order
to be prepared for disaster, including:
What MUST you have to survive apart from the food, water,
shelter stuff? For someone on a ventilator, that would be electricity. For
someone with severe psychotic episodes, that may mean medication. Make these
items your top preparedness priorities.
If you rely on medication, consider getting prescriptions
for 90 days instead of 30 days. Also ask your doctor or pharmacist what their
plan is to ensure that you will still be able to get your needed medications
after a disaster such as a bad weather or flooding.
Plan with someone who can help you. This may be a family
member, friend, neighbour, home help or nurse, etc. If you are disabled, start
planning now with someone who would be able to help you in the event of a
How will you let them know if you need help? What if the
phones are out, will they come to your house to check on you? 
If you don’t
speak English, do you have a neighbour who can translate for you or do you have
picture books of signs that can help tell emergency responders what you need?
If you are elderly or infirm, does someone else have a key
to your home so they don’t have to break a window to check on you?
Stockpile the things you need that others may not have and
therefore would not be able to provide you in the event of a disaster. This
could be hearing aid batteries or specialized medical supplies? If it isn’t
something that one could usually just borrow from a neighbour, plan on stocking
much more of the item than usual
If you are replacing an expensive specialized item, consider
saving the old one in case the new on gets broken in a disaster. Dentures,
hearing aids, wheel chairs, prosthetic limbs, glasses…even though these items
may not fit like they used to after you get used to your new item, in a disaster
these items would be difficult to replace immediately and would come in handy.
Be in the best physical shape possible. If you are obese,
start working out and going on a diet NOW when it will be most beneficial for
you. If you are in a wheel chair, there is no reason not to have exceptional
upper body strength developed by working out.
If you are elderly, exercise can do wonders to not only
reduce your risk of falls on a normal day but will make you stronger and better
able to help yourself during a disaster.
Keep a list of your current medications and a copy of the
most recent prescriptions in your BOB. Include doctors contact numbers, contact
info for next of kin, and a current medical history with an up to date
medication list too.
If you have a spare wheelchair, walker, or crutches, keep
the spare in the garage or in an out building. During an earthquake, for
example, your wheelchair may end up crushed but if you have a spare one in the
outbuilding which suffered less damage, you may be able to use that one.
Evacuate WAY ahead of time. If an evacuation is imminent,
don’t wait until the last minute; get to a safe spot as quickly as possible.
Which would be better? Picking up grandma and safely ensconcing her in a nice
hotel for a few days when it looks like bad weather is heading her way or being
stuck with a senile and incontinent grandma in the family minivan as you wait
in a 10 mile long back up on the freeway with everyone else trying to evacuate
at the same time?
The bottom line is that there is no guarantee that anyone
will come around to help you right after a disaster, thus the need for
preparedness. For those with no disabilities, this would be a difficult time,
however for those who rely on others (or assistive devices or medication or
other necessary things) it will make the situation many times worse.
For those with disabilities and/or those who care for people
with disabilities, the need to prepare thoroughly and immediately cannot be
Prepping When Cash is Tight
Earlier this week, I realized I have been doing as much
prepping as I wanted to.
I don’t have as much done this far in the year as I
had planned and am far behind my goals. Money has become tight, as I’m sure is
the case for a lot of people. I’ll be honest; it got me down for about a day.
But! There’s lots that you can do that takes no money at
all. I started out by taking inventory of what I do have and looking again at
my list of what I would like to have. Reassess and revaluate your goals.
Next I spent hours watching videos on everything prepping
and survival that I could find. Youtube is great for this, but make sure you
take everything with a grain of salt. The people that make these videos could
be anyone, just like you or me.
So really think about the things that these people do and
say but there really is a wealth of information out there, for free. So find
the videos and take notes. There is also a lot of information on facebook
groups and hashtags on twitter.
After that, I decided I could use to be in a bit better
shape. If the S were to HTF, being in good physical condition would definitely make
it a bit easier.  So, I revamped my
workout routine. Anyone can work out and you don’t need gym equipment and you
don’t even need to run.
One of the easiest things you can do is sit on the couch and
watch an hour long program. Each time there is a commercial, do 20 sit ups or
push ups.
That should give you close to 100 in an hour! If that’s too
much work, cut it down to 10 or 5 or even 1, anywhere is a good starting point.
By doing the exercise in small sets, it doesn’t feel like as much of a work out.
The last thing I did was mentally prepare. I realized that I
may not have thousands of pounds tied up in my preparations but at least I have
That’s more than what most people have done. I thought about
what could happen in my area (snowstorms, floods, economic collapse etc) and
thought about how my life would be affected.
What would I do in _____ situation? What if _____ happened?
And make your plans from there.
What would it take to get you to bug out? Where would you
go? What would you bring? Make your plans and constantly reassess them, always
be willing to change them and be flexible!
If you haven’t started prepping you better get started soon
because the world is facing a number of problems that could spell disaster for
life as we know it.
Now I’m not trying to scare people into buying into the
whole 2012 end of the world thing, but I do think we’re facing some serious
trouble in the very near future.
From the growing Occupy movements that are increasingly
starting to turn violent, to the global financial meltdown that’s wreaking
havoc on the world, things seem to be getting worse at an alarming pace. The
world as we know it seems to be teetering on the edge of a cliff and in my
opinion there are way too many people hoping or trying to make it fall over.
But even if the world does fall into chaos, there are things
that you can do that will help bring balance and stability back into your life.
To start with you need to start preparing to survive whatever lies ahead.
There are lots of notions about preparing that turn out to
be myths. The very mention of survival or preparedness can conjure negative
mental images that have no basis in fact.
Myth 1 – Prepping Is Expensive. Prepping does not need to
cost a lot. You can start small and only purchase things that are affordable.
In fact, some preparations, including food storage, can actually save a little
Myth 2 – Prepping Takes Too Much Time. Anything, including
hobbies, surfing the web, or watching TV, can “take a lot of time.”
Prepping is a worthwhile activity to which you are able to devote just as much
or as little time as you want. It all depends on your comfort level.
Myth 3 – You Need A Lot Of Space For Storage. Anyone can
create storage space, whether in a small apartment or a house in the suburbs.
Myth 4 – You Need A Farm Or A Retreat Location. It would be
nice if we could each lay claim to a faraway place we could go to, but most of
us aren’t that fortunate. Instead, just prepare wherever you are, as best as
you are able to. Any amount of preparation is preferable to none at all.
Myth 5 – Preparing Will Turn Me Into A Tin-Foil Hatter
Living In The Woods Decked Out In Military Gear Threatening People with
This image stems from media stereotypes of survivalists.
Sociopathic loners like the “Unabomber” Ted Kaczynski and right wing
militias that really enjoy visions of far-fetched conspiracies to warrant
firearm fanaticism.
The truth is, most preppers are normal everyday people who
realize the system may not always be around to support them and so feel they
have to look after their own personal safety and security. In a time of
on-going financial crisis, spectacular natural disasters, and technology run
amok, imaginary conspiracies by shadowy government entities really are the very
least of our problems.
There are plenty of emergencies we can plan for, which range
from events with a higher likelihood of occurring, including unemployment or
illness in the family, to natural disasters like hurricanes or floods to rare
but extremely catastrophic events such as a terrorist attack or pandemic.
Whether you’re making preparations for a short-term or long-term emergency the
initial steps towards those goals are the same.
Even if you’re starting from the beginning without any
emergency supplies at all, as soon as you get started with the prepping
process, you will soon start to see positive results.
As you build on these simple measures, you can expect to be
confident in your labour and be rewarded with the confidence that you have done
the very best you can to safeguard your household for disaster.
Questions, Questions, Questions
How in the world is someone supposed to actually prepare for
an economic collapse?
What should you do
with your money?  How can you make sure
that your family is going to be okay?
How can you prepare if your resources are extremely limited?
These are the kinds of questions people ask me all the
time.  Once people understand that the
economy has been collapsing and will continue to collapse, then the next step
for most of them is that they want to get prepared for the storm that is
So where should someone get started?  Well, the truth is that no two people are
facing the exact same set of circumstances, so preparation is going to look
different for each individual.
But there are certain core principles that we can all
benefit from.
For example, when a financial storm is coming that is not
the time to be blowing thousands of dollars on vacations and new toys.  You would be surprised at how many people
there are that claim that they have no extra money in their budgets and yet
somehow have plenty of money to run down to Wal-Mart and buy a big stack of
When times are difficult, each hard-earned dollar becomes
much more precious, and we all need to start getting into the habit of making
the most out of our limited resources.
The seemingly endless prosperity that we have all been enjoying for
decades is coming to an end, and most of us have absolutely no experience on
how to deal with truly hard times.
If you are under the age of 60, it might be a really good
idea to read a book or two on what conditions were like during the Great
Depression of the 1930s in America or how people survived in ration UK during
WW11. There is a lot that we can learn from our own history.
Another key characteristic that we will all need in the
years ahead is flexibility.  Anyone that
has spent any time in the military knows that very few plans ever work out
perfectly.  As the global economy breaks
down and the world becomes increasingly unstable, conditions are going to
change rapidly.
What might work really well in one situation might be the
exact wrong thing to do 6 months later.
If you are not willing or able to adapt to dramatic change then you are
going to have a lot of difficulty in the years ahead.
Many people refer to me as a “doom and gloomer”
because I plan and prep so I keep pointing out that the entire world is heading
for a complete and total financial nightmare.
But I don’t think that it does any good to stick your head
in the sand.  I believe that there is
hope in understanding what is happening and I believe that there is hope in
getting prepared.
It is those that are completely oblivious to what is really
going on that will be totally blindsided by the coming crisis.  When they finally realize what has come upon
them many of them will totally lose it.
I am
trying my best to warn people so that they can have a chance to be prepared for
what is coming.
I am not spreading
doom and gloom.
I am spreading hope.
And I want to make another point.  Generally, things are going to be getting
progressively worse as the years roll along.
As I have written about before, I believe that the economic collapse is
not a single event.  Rather, I see it as
a series of waves that will be punctuated by moments of great crisis.
So advice about preparation is going to be different
depending on whether you are talking about the short-term or the mid-term or
the long-term.  Hopefully you will keep
that in mind as you read my answers to the questions below.
The following are common questions that people ask about how
to prepare for the collapse of the economy….
How Do I Get Started?
When the financial crisis of 2008 hit, what was the biggest
danger for most people?
The biggest danger was that they would lose their jobs and
not be able to pay their bills.
During the last recession, millions and millions of people
did end up losing their jobs.
And because many of them were living paycheck to paycheck
many of them also ended up losing their homes.
You do not want that
to happen to you.
So what I am about to say next is not considered to be very
“sexy” in prepper circles, but it is absolutely crucial advice.
You need to have an emergency fund saved up that can cover
your expenses for at least six months.
That way if you lose your job or your business goes under
you will be able to keep going for a while as you figure out what your next
move will be.
These days it takes the average unemployed person nearly 40
weeks to find a new job, and it will likely be even worse in the next major
economic downturn.
So make sure that you have plenty of cash saved up just in
case.  If you are currently living
paycheck to paycheck you are extremely vulnerable.
What Should I Do With
My Money?
I get this question a lot.
People always want to know where they should put their
Well, my first piece of advice is always to build an
emergency fund. Most people do not have one.
After that is done, I am a big believer in not putting all
of my eggs into one basket.



Sometimes people will tell me that they are going to take
all of their money out of the banks because they don’t feel safe having their
money in them.
Well, if you stick all of your money in your mattress, what
happens if there is a fire or what happens if someone robs you?
That is why I believe in spreading your risk around.  Having money in different places is a good
But one place I would not put it is in the stock
market.  If you were fortunate enough to
catch the recent rally you should get out while the getting is good.
If you have blind faith in the stock market you are going to
be deeply disappointed eventually.  I do
not have a single penny in the stock market, and a couple of years from now
that is going to look like a very wise move.
Should I Invest In
Precious Metals?
A lot of people that write about the economic crisis in this
country really advocate investing in precious metals because they tend to hold
value over time.
I like precious metals myself, but if you are going to
invest you need to get educated so that you know what you are doing.  If you go in blindly you are likely to get
burned at some point.
In addition, you need to be prepared for wild fluctuations
in price over the coming years.  There
will be times when gold and silver absolutely soar and there will be times when
they drop like a rock.
So if you are going to play the game you need to be able to
handle the ride.
Should I Get Out Of Debt?
Many that write about the coming economic collapse say that
you shouldn’t even bother to pay off your debts because the financial system is
going to collapse anyway.
I don’t see it that way.
I don’t believe that our banks are going to totally collapse
and suddenly go out of existence.
Not in the short-term anyway.
So I believe that it is actually a good idea to get out of
When financial troubles hit you
don’t want a horde of collectors coming after you.
There is a lot of freedom that comes with getting out of
debt, and in this environment it is wise to become as independent of the system
as possible.
What If I Don’t Have
Any Money To Prepare?
In this kind of economic environment it is no surprise that
I get this question a lot.
Many families are just barely scraping by each month and
they do not have much money to put into anything.
And I can definitely sympathize with that.
However, I would say that there are very, very few families
out there that do not have anything that can be cut out of the budget.
The truth is that most families are experts at blowing money
on really stupid stuff.
In general, I recommend that all families do what they can
to reduce their expenses.
The smaller of a financial footprint you have, the better
off you will be and the more resources you will have to help you get prepared.
Also, now is the time to be looking for ways that you can
increase your income.
For many people, starting a side business is a way to bring
in some extra cash.  Yes, this will cut
into your television watching time, but now is not the time to be lazy.
The time you spend working hard now while the sun is still
shining will pay off later.
Don’t be afraid to work harder than you ever have before.
Should I Rent Or Buy?
This is a question that I also get a lot, and it really
depends on your situation.
If you rent, that gives you a lot more flexibility.  You can move for a new job or a new
opportunity without having to sell a house.
And you get to avoid a lot of the expenses and hassles that come with
being a homeowner.
If you buy, you get to “lock in” your housing
expenses for many years.  In a highly
inflationary environment this would potentially be very beneficial.  And interest rates are very low right now.
In addition, it is going to be really hard to rent a really
good “prepper” property.  If
you are looking for a property that is away from the big cities where you can
grow your own food and become more independent of the system, then in most
cases you are going to have to buy such a property.
But remember if you do buy, it is going to be much harder to
move if something does happen and you need to go somewhere else.
What About My Health
Over the next few years, the NHS care system should continue
operating at least somewhat normally.
But the truth is that our health care system is in horrible shape and it
is not a good thing to be totally dependent on pills and doctors.
Even if economic conditions were perfect it would be a good
idea to learn what you can do on your own to improve your health.  But this is especially true as we move into a
time of great economic instability.
Should I Be Storing
However, even though the United States is experiencing an
historic drought right now, I do not believe that there will be major food shortages
in the UK this year or next year.
Down the road, however, is a different story.
And your food £’s are never going to go farther than they do
right now.  As I wrote about the other
day, this drought is likely to cause food prices to go up substantially, and so
the food you store now might end up being twice as valuable a few years from
In addition, you never know when a major disaster or
emergency is going to strike so it is always good to become more independent of
the system.
I encourage everyone to learn how to grow a garden.  Yes, your space may be limited, but there is
no excuse for not growing what you can.
Should I Be Storing
It is always good to have some water on hand in case
disaster or emergency strikes.
And you should be rotating whatever water you currently have
on hand because you don’t want water sitting around indefinitely.
But what is much more important is to make sure that you and
your family have access to a source of water that you can depend on if disaster
strikes and the grid goes down.
For safety and security reasons, most water supply plants
maintain a larger inventory of supplies than the typical business. However, the
amount of chemical storage varies significantly and is site specific.
According to the Chlorine Institute, most water treatment
facilities receive chlorine in cylinders (150 pounds and one ton cylinders)
that are delivered by motor carriers. On average, trucks deliver purification
chemicals to water supply plants every seven to 14 days.
Without these chemicals, water cannot be purified and made
safe for drinking. Without truck deliveries of purification chemicals, water
supply plants will run out of drinkable water in 14 to 28 days.
Once the water supply is drained, water will be deemed safe
for drinking only when boiled. Lack of clean drinking water will lead to
increased gastrointestinal and other illnesses, further taxing an already
weakened healthcare system.
Other Than Food And
Water What Other Supplies Will I Need?
Anything that you use on a regular basis or that you would
use in an emergency situation is something that you should consider storing up.
For example, if you could not buy any more toilet paper from
the shops, what would you do?



Basic things like that are often overlooked by many preppers.
In a previous article, I listed dozens of things you may
want to consider storing.  Preparation is
going to look different for every family, but hopefully that list will give you
some ideas.
What Happens If The
Power Grid Goes Down?
This is a very important consideration – especially if you
live in a colder climate.
Some people have a backup generator for such circumstances.
Others have set up wind and/or solar systems for their
Alternative energy solutions are great if you can afford
them, and they will enable you to become much more independent of the system.
But not everyone can afford to put in solar panels or a big
wind turbine.
So do what you can with what you have.
Should I Leave The
Big Cities?
A lot of people ask me this, but there is no easy answer.
In this day and age, a good job is like gold.  It can be really, really tough to give up a
good job and move to the middle of nowhere.
But without a doubt, society is starting to come apart at
the seams and I do expect rioting and major civil unrest in our major cities at
some point in the future.
In the end, you need to do what is right for you and your
own family.  Nobody else can make this
decision for you.
What Should I Do If
My Family And Friends Won’t Listen To Me?
This is another very common question that I get.
What should people do if nobody will listen to them?
Well, you just have to do the best that you can.  If they won’t listen now, just keep planting
seeds.  Keep sending them articles that
are packed with statistics and information that show why an economic collapse
is going to happen.
In the years ahead we are all going to need our families and
our friends because communities will endure what is coming much better than
“lone wolf” individuals will be able to.
No matter how hard you prepare, at some point you are going
to need the help of someone else.



So don’t be afraid to reach out to others.
If nobody among your family or friends will listen to you at
the moment, you may have to prepare on your own right now.
In fact, you may have to do extra preparation because at
some point it is probably inevitable that your family and friends will come to
you for help.
That is the perspective that my wife and I take.  We are not only preparing for ourselves.  We are also preparing for the family members
that may have to depend on us someday.
Nobody said that preparing was going to be easy.
But beyond any physical preparations, I also believe that it
is absolutely crucial to prepare mentally and spiritually.
The times that are coming are going to be incredibly
challenging.  They are going to require a
great deal of physical, mental, emotional and spiritual strength.
If you are a “lone wolf” that believes that you
don’t need anyone or anything, then I feel sorry for you and I honestly don’t know
how you are going to make it.
None of us have all the answers.
I know that I certainly do not.
Common Prepping Mistakes
With the abundance of bad info out there, it’s easy for new
preppers to make a lot of mistakes.
I, myself, when I was a new prepper made
many mistakes and I’m sure I’ll make more, but that’s part of the learning
To help you speed up this process, here are some common prepping
mistakes you’ll want to avoid:
Not having a survival library. Books are less common these
days because we do so much reading on the Internet and Kindles. But if the
power goes out, having a good collection of survival books could save your
They’ll give you something to read when you’re bored, and will have
important instructions on things like purifying water, building fires, and
medical care.
While you want to learn as much of this info as you can
ahead of time, no one can know everything, and there are bound to be times when
a survival library will come in handy.
Focusing on supplies instead of skills. Of course, just
because you have all the best books on survival doesn’t mean you shouldn’t
bother to learn survival skills. It’s possible your books will be destroyed or
you won’t be able to get to them.
The same rule applies to your survival food and gear. What
if you’re at work when your home is destroyed by an explosion, earthquake or
some other disastrous event? Would you still have the skills to survive, or are
you completely dependent on your food and gear?
Not having enough water preps. I cannot overemphasize the
importance of water. There are many survivalists who have six months of food
and only two weeks of water on hand.
Considering that you can survive without food about ten times
as long as you can survive without water, you’d be better off with two weeks of
food and six months of water.
Don’t do that either by the way, but at least make sure your
water will last as long as your food. If you don’t have enough room for that much,
there are many ways to collect and purify water.
Not having enough variety in food supplies. Too many new
preppers buy nothing but rice, beans, flour, salt and sugar. If that’s all you
have to eat after a disaster, you’re going to be miserable.
Your body will have trouble adjusting to the new bare-bones
diet and you’ll suffer from food fatigue, where your survival food won’t be
appetizing even when you’re very hungry.
Make sure you buy the ingredients for
a variety of possible meals so you’ll feel satisfied every time you eat.
This leads to my next
Not eating what you store. This was the first mistake I made
when I started stocking up on food. I bought all kinds of food, sealed it up,
put it in the closet, and forgot about it.
Inevitably, some of my food went bad and I had to throw it
out. It’s important you store what you eat and eat what you store.
If you’re not sure how to cook meals from the basic
ingredients, I’d recommend getting some cookbooks and a guide like Emergency
Food Storage & Survival Handbook 10 Common Prepping Mistakes which has a
lot of great recipes.
Not having enough vitamins. Personally, I think everyone
should be taking multivitamins since most modern diets don’t provide the
nutrition we need, but this will be even more important in a survival
The stress of having your life turned upside down, constant
threats to you and your family, and manual labour will take a lot of energy and
tax your immune system. Vitamins will help keep you strong and healthy, especially
Vitamin C.
Relying only on food storage. While the last few points have
been about food, don’t forget all your other survival needs. When a lot of
people think of prepping, the first things they think about are food and water
and they proceed to stock up on them while neglecting healthy and beauty
supplies, first aid kids, bug out bags, cooking implements, clothes, weapons
and other important items.
While food should be
your first priority, don’t forget your other priorities.
Relying only on an arsenal. At the other end the spectrum,
there are some preppers who focus all their attention on guns and ammo. The
reasoning is that not only will they be able to protect themselves, they’ll be
able to hunt their food and trade ammo for other supplies.
This is unrealistic, especially if you’re in or near a city.
The little bit of wildlife in your area will be picked clean by others, and
most people won’t be interested in your ammo as they, like you, will be looking
to trade for food and other vital supplies. Sure, have some weapons for
self-defence, but don’t go overboard.
Not taking care of pets. As much as we all love our pets,
for some reason it’s easy to forget that they need preps, too.  
Animals require
more than just food and water.
Planning on bugging out. Although having a bug out bag and a
vehicle survival kit is important, unless you have advance warning of a
disaster it will be very difficult to get from your home to your bug out
The streets will be congested, roads and entire areas could
be inaccessible, and fuel could become unavailable.  
That’s why I think it’s so
important to be ready to shelter in place.

Prepping for Beginners

As humans, we are naturally aware of possible threats around
us, and often the way a person neutralizes that threat is to create a story of
the worst case scenario and begin to prep around that.
Becoming a person who preps for disasters begins with a
level of awareness.  A prepper knows that
there are possible threats, and it only makes sense to be as prepared as
possible beginning with the basic disaster items to sustain basic needs (food,
water, clothing and shelter) and then adding more preparedness layers onto
Basic disaster items are intended to sustain a person and
their family for 3-5 days.  However, many
decide to expand their disaster supplies to encompass a longer duration in the
case that emergency response is delayed.
This is why preppers believe in having “back-ups for their back-ups.”
Getting Started
When preparing for a disaster, it is essential to have
provisions in place to secure your needs.
That being said, beginning a food supply must begin with research.  Finding out how many calories a person needs
per day in order to survive, and knowing how much food to store is essential
when beginning to prepare.
Additionally, going to survival/prepping forums to read
about what others are doing is another way of finding more research.  Preppers are very open to helping others who
want to prepare.  We have all been at the
beginning stage of preparing, and it can be overwhelming at first, but the
overall goal is to get people prepared.
When beginning to get preparations in place, concentrate of
the basic needs of survival: water, food, shelter, clothing and move on from
there.  Below are some basic suggestions
on items that would be ideal to have in the home:
It is suggested to have 1 gallon of water per person/per
day.  Having a 3 day supply of water on
hand is a great place to start.  However,
many preppers like to be as thorough as possible in their prepping.
Therefore, I suggest playing it safe and double the amount
of water needed.  The extra water can be
used for other purposes. Extra water that is stored can also be used if family
members such as children or
the elderly become dehydrated and need more water.
Additionally, having an alternative source for water such as
a water filter, frozen water in the freezer, and 5 gallon water containers is
suggested.  In a disaster situation, a
person does not want to run out of water.
Lakes and streams can also be a way to find water, but the water needs
to be treated.
In the case that someone
is not near any running streams or lakes, there are places in nature where one
can find alternative water sources.
Comparative shopping at the large volume supermarkets
typically has better deals than at smaller shops.
Finding local ads from the large supermarket websites can
save on fuel money as well as on shopping time. Even Pound shops sell canned
goods and food products that would be good for short term/long term food
Look for sales all the time and buy as much of the item as your
budget will allow.
Using a food storage calculator will help determine how much
food is necessary.  There are some
considerations to keep in mind before purchasing the food items:
Expiration Dates – It’s best to find items that have
expiration dates that are 1-2 years away from expiring, unless that item is
used frequently in the home, and can be rotated frequently.
Items on Sale – Go for the deals.
Typically, there are deals that are
advertised in the newspaper.  You do not
have to break the bank to get food items.
Just get a little each time you shop.
In season vegetables are typically cheaper.  Larger cans of goods generally have better
The amount of people in the household.
A wide variety of food will help reduce food fatigue.
The serving amount in the food.
Vitamin content in the food.
Any special health considerations for family members.
Medical Supplies
Medical emergencies can occur at the drop of a hat, and
having the necessary supplies can mean the difference between life and
death.  When an emergency situation
arises, one must act calming and decisively.
In the case of a severe injury where there is a lot of blood
loss, there must be supplies that can stop bleeding, cut the pain threshold and
calm the patient if necessary.
Find websites online that deal with first aid care and go
through each injury to see what medical instruments and items are needed.
Moreover, check in your community and see if the St. Johns
Ambulance, Red Cross or Medical Centres offer classes to assist in medical
emergencies.  Make a list for supplies
that can be added to the disaster medical supplies.
72 Hour Bags
In the case that a person has to evacuate, having a prepared
72 hour kit or bug out bag will expedite the process of leaving as well as
keeping things running as smoothly as possible.
A 72 hour bag should have all items necessary to survive for 3
When preparing a bag keep the main
surviving points is mind (water, food, shelter, clothing).  Having a separate bug out bag for the vehicle
will also come in handy in the event that someone has to leave their home
Tools are a valuable commodity when it comes to
survival.  Their usefulness for hunting,
digging, cutting, communicating and for navigational purposes are all essential
items to have on hand.
Knives ( to cut large machete type and a smaller hunter)
Camping shovels
Hammer or hatchet
Collapsible fishing rod with hooks, line, bobbers, etc.
Maps, compass or GPS devices
( Having extra compasses ensures that navigation is accurate).
Rope (paracord),
Knife sharpening stone,
 Torch/s with extra
Written Survival Notes
In a high stress situation that some are not used to,
forgetfulness plays a part from dealing with all the changes that are
occurring.  Having some manuals to look
upon for survival information or for spiritual information to lift the morale
is a good idea and does not take up much space in a pack.
Survival Manuals
First Aid Manuals
Survival e-books
Understanding how to survive in different scenarios requires
one to constantly be learning in order to be as prepared as possible.
Prepping is a passion for some. 
For others it is simply to keep their family
as safe as possible.   
Whatever the
reasoning is behind why you have decided to prep, you will be better off in the
long run.
What Is Prepping?
When some people think of prepping, it conjures images of
strange people wearing tinfoil hats huddled in a shelter while they wait for
the mother ship to return.
For others, thoughts of a recluse living in a
one-room shack in the middle of the wilderness come to mind.
But neither of those thoughts captures the real nature of
At its heart, prepping is simply preparing for the future.
And since there is no certainty of what that future may bring, preppers
frequently hope for the best yet prepare for the worse. And with good reason,
many preppers feel that we are on the verge of a significant change in life as
we know it. So they prepare.
Three Facets of
For the modern prepper, prepping involves three primary
areas: acquiring the necessary supplies, learning requisite skills, and
building a community.
Acquiring the Necessary Supplies
Food, water, shelter. We all need these things to survive.
Moreover, we all need a continual supply of them. Preppers know this and take
steps to prepare themselves in case the supply is disrupted for any reason.
Preppers don’t want the loss of a job or a truckers strike
to keep them from eating. So they prepare. They buy extra food when it’s on
sale. They grow their own in a garden and preserve it. They buy in bulk and
store it for a rainy day.
Similarly, preppers don’t like debt. So they pay off their
mortgage, they live within their means, and they work hard at their jobs. They
are not afraid of physical labour to provide for their families.
Preppers don’t
want the loss of a job to turn into the loss of a home or car.
Learning Requisite
Prepping may start with food and supply storage, but it
doesn’t end there. Preppers regularly learn and practice new skills. They learn
to cook. They learn emergency first aid. They learn to hunt with a variety of
weapons. They learn to build debris huts and other shelters.
From sewing and canning to fire starting and knot tying,
preppers learn important and potentially lifesaving skills before they may need
them. It’s part of being prepared.
Building a Community
Preppers recognize that there is value in getting to know
other like-minded individuals. We can learn from each other. We can help each
other. We can share our knowledge and encourage one another. Prepping is not a
zero-sum game; we can expand the pie by helping others.
Additionally, it’s impossible for a prepper to acquire every
supply and every skill he may ever need. There’s simply not enough time or
money to prepare to that extent. So preppers get to know others in their local
community with similar passions yet different skill sets.
If you’re having car trouble, it’s nice to know a mechanic.
If you’ve injured yourself, it’s good to know an paramedic. If the food supply
is disrupted for an extended period, it’s good to know a farmer.
People helping people; that’s part of prepping.
Where to Start?
Prepping is a journey. And as the old adage goes, every
journey begins with a single step. Recognizing the need for and prudence of
prepping and acknowledging that you are woefully underprepared is a good first
Next, make a plan. Identify where you are with your
supplies, your skills, and your community. Then determine where you’d like to
be and make a plan to close the gap. If you have 3 days’ worth of food in the
pantry and you want 6 months’ worth, prioritize that and plan.
The key is to do
something. A plan without an action is simply a wish.
Prepping (verb) is the act of a group or individual
preparing themselves and loved ones for any potential threat to life as we know
it. There are a few basic things that one would need to know when becoming a prepper,
and preparing their family for any potential threats that could come their way,
and surviving any ordeals you may face.
First, the basics:
These three are probably the absolutely most important
things to start off with when considering your survival needs. Why are these
important? Well let’s go over each one:
Food – Right now, get up and go look in your kitchen (if
you’re home of course) and count the number of days you could survive off of
just the food you have at this moment.
You probably counted the food in your fridge too huh? Don’t.
The reason being is that in most SHTF situations, the electric grid is more
than likely to be gone, and any food you have in your fridge or freezer will go
to waste within a matter of hours to possibly two days depending on the
So now just look at the non-perishable items that you have.
Most people will find themselves with less than three days’ worth of food.. So
now consider this, if you’re like most other people, your first thought is to
panic and run to the supermarket and try to stock up.
Well guess what, that’s what all your neighbours are doing
So now you have to fight to get whatever is remaining in the shops closest
to you.
Once the grocery stores are out, then what? In most SHTF
situations, transportation and motorways will become impassable or impossible,
meaning that the food that is delivered to supermarkets by road will no longer
be on its way.
So with no way to replenish the shops, what do you do?
That is
what prepping is all about, preparing your family with either the ability to
grow and produce your own food, or having enough food to last you until proper
order can be restored.
Best is to try and have at least 72hrs worth of food for if
you need to leave (bug-out-bag), and 90days worth of food in your house for
Shelter – For obvious reasons, this is an important factor
to consider first when beginning to prep. Is your shelter reliable for
protection against raids?
Natural disasters?
If you answered no to either of those two questions, then
your next step would be to consider how to prepare your home or bug out
locations for any type of situation.
Many people who live in places where natural disasters such
as floods, hurricanes and earthquakes already have plans in place to protect
their shelters. But if you aren’t already prepared, knowing your location
(geographical region), what types of dangers you might be exposed to, and how
to properly secure and defend it is going to be important.
Having wood to board up doors and windows, basement to seek
deeper shelter and weapons to defend your location is all important things to
Water – One of the most important keys to survival, of any
living creature on this planet, is water. In most SHTF scenarios, water will be
obtainable for only a short period of time.
With no electricity, how will water be pumped to your house?
Unless you have a well, you’re out of luck. One of the very first things to do
in an emergency disaster situation, is to run to your bathroom and fill up your
bath as quickly as you can.
Having extra water on hand will be important, not just for
drinking, but for cooking as well. It would be a good idea to have at least 3
months’ worth of water on hand at all times.
Remember, that food and water have a shelf life, and can
expire over time. It’s important to think ahead and get food that will stay
fresh and eatable for as long as possible.
Bugging Out
When the situation around you is so bad that you have to
leave, then go. The military referred to it as “Bugging Out”.
can be a complete disaster all by itself, but a little prior planning will
certainly help. There are three things that you should consider before going
Where are you going?
How are you going to get there?
What will you do when you get there?
You should plan for the worst possible situation. If you
live in a highly populated area the roads will be jammed up. The airlines may
or may not be flying in or out of your area.
Busses, trains and taxis will be
full, if working. Walking may be dangerous. So what do you do?
Consider first: Stay at home. Bunker In. Everything you have
is already there. You and your family know where everything is, and you are in
an area you are familiar with. But are you safe staying at home? Is there a
raging fire close by heading your way? Is there a flood? Terrorist threat or
actual terrorist activity?
Is there a nuclear, biological or chemical problem in your
Is the electricity and water still working? Are thugs running rampant? Is
it summer or winter with lots of snow? Is there a wild elephant in the yard?
You have to consider all the facts before you decide to bug out. If, after all
this thinking, you still have to leave, what do you take with you?
Most travel today has to be by private vehicle. Even with
the streets jammed with others trying to get away, it is still your best bet
for getting out safely. If you haven’t already done it, prepare an vehicle
emergency kit.
This kit depends a lot on the size of your vehicle, and the
number of people in your party. Here’s a list of some items you may want to
include in your own automobile emergency kit:
CONTENTS (Minimum)
Extra fuel in an approved container.
Warm clothing for everyone in your party.
Maps of the area you are leaving/going to.
12 Volt tire inflation pump.
Spare tire… a real one.
Blankets, towels, pillows.
Roll of plastic sheeting or large plastic bags.
Torch with spare bulbs and batteries.
Fire extinguisher.
Small shelter or tent.
Small cooking set & charcoal briquettes.
Individualized personal non-perishable items.
Snow Chains for tires.
Folding shovel.
Tools for vehicle repair
Extra oil for engine and transmission
Change of clothing for everyone in your party.
1 Gallon of water per person in your party, per day. Plan on
3 days
Emergency food for up to 3 days without re-supply,
preferably dehydrated types.
Books suitable for all members of your party.
A heavy knife, axe, or machete.
Weapons of choice.
All the above items, except the water, can be kept locked in
your car all year long. Water can only be included when the outside
temperatures will stay above freezing. A frozen water container will crack, and
when it thaws will leak out all over your stuff. Space permitting, feel free to
add any other items you think you will need.
The Best Place to go is the place you’ve already set up.
Where are you going? And for how long? If you can safely
travel, try for a safe place the shortest distance away from your home that you
can find.
Is it a hotel on the other side of town, or Grandma’s house
in another county? The shortest distance to safety gets you off the roads the
Did you make arrangements with a friend or relative, in
advance, to use their home as a “bug out” location? Did you agree for
him/her to come to your house if they have an emergency? You should have.
Consider the
following when deciding WHERE to go:
Is the location you have pre-arranged under the same threat
as you are? Floods and bad weather will cover huge areas, but forest fires are
generally smaller in area.
Does the location you choose have all the facilities that
you need in order to survive? Is their water and electricity still on, or is it
questionable? Are hospitals available?
Can every member of your party agree to where you plan to
Is food and water available where you plan to go?
Is the shelter large enough to handle you, your party, and
everyone else who may show up to use the same facility?
Is the area you pick in a relatively safe location, or will
the situation later deteriorate and force you to pack up and move again?
Are you comfortable
with your decision?
Once you’ve considered all the items above, and you’ve made
your decision, it’s time to pack up. Everyone in your party must know ahead of
time how much space they will be allotted in your vehicle.
If you have a small car and someone shows up with a trunk
full of clothes, you’ve got a problem. Like a ship at sea, if it’s your car,
you are the Captain. Your decisions stand…don’t back down. Pack all the
things you absolutely HAVE to have first.
Then add all those “nice to
have” items next. Don’t forget important items.
PACKING CHECKLIST (“Need to Have” items)
The relevant maps with or without a sat nav
Medications for a 30-day supply. Prescriptions for refill,
if necessary.
Glasses and spare glasses, sunglasses.
Warm clothing for cold weather, regardless of the time of
Extra shoes, belts, gloves, and hats.
Mobile phone/s and 12 volt charger.
At least one change of clothing each.
Extra shoes and shoelaces
Dental care items. Includes false teeth care.
List of names, addresses and telephone numbers for family,
friends, co-workers
Elderly care products, hearing aid batteries.
MONEY. As much as you can get. Hide it.
Female hygiene products.
Baby care items: nappies, food/milk mix, bottles, etc.
Personal hygiene items: Top of list: Toilet Paper
Laundry detergent, softeners, personal soap.
Lose change for vending machines and telephones.
Credit cards, ID cards, Insurance papers.
NHS card/number and National Insurance number
Handicapped persons – special equipment and supplies needed
for daily life.
Any special item of apparel that anyone in your party needs
to live day-to-day.
Everything else is on the “Nice to Have” list.
There are just a few items that I include on my “Nice to Have” list.
Most of them involve entertaining children. But, in planning for any trip,
water, food, and shelter have to be considered:
WATER: The number one priority on your list of survival
items. One gallon per person per day. There must be a means of refilling or
re-supplying your water while you travel. If your travel is planned for 1
day…and the roads are jammed…it may take 3 days.
You must have water to live. If the electricity is out all
along your route, you will not be able to get either food or fuel. Most of the
stores and restaurants on the route will be closed.
Don’t depend on someone
else to help you…they’re probably worse off than you are.
FOOD: Dehydrated food requires water to re-hydrate it so it
can be eaten. Pre-plan what foods you ALL can eat, and add them to your car.
Plan at least for 3 days’ worth of food.
You can live a long time without food, but only a short time
without water. Do not take foods that are overly salty or make people thirsty.
An ice chest of fresh fruit and sandwiches goes a long way.
Small children need
milk, so don’t forget that item.
Include some snacks to augment the above supply. Don’t be
afraid to have the same thing 3 days in a row. It’s boring but it cuts down on
buying supplies. If you include perishable food, you must eat it the first day
out, or it will spoil.
The ice in even the best quality chest will eventually melt.
(Melted ice = water.) You can wash using melted water from the ice chest…it’s
very “refreshing”…and cold.
Every car should already have an emergency first aid kit.
There are many commercially available kits out there that have adequate
supplies for up to 3 days, barring catastrophic accidents.
However, most kits only include enough plasters for one
person, for 2 or 3 days. Consider buying extras and throwing them in the kit.
You don’t have a first aid kit…get one.
SHELTER: Shelter includes the time you are traveling as well
as when you get there. Nobody can drive continuously for 3 days without relief.
Eventually, you will have to stop, eat a meal, and sleep.
Hotels and motels may not be available. The roadside rest
areas will already be full, if you’re allowed in them at all. What to do? If
you can find a friendly local in the area off the main road (particularly
farmers), you can ask to camp on their property.
Be sure to assure them you will clean up your mess before
you leave. You can even offer to pay them for their inconvenience. Private
property is safer than public areas in a mass evacuation. But public campsites
(parks, forests, etc.) may still be open.
OK: You’ve got your vehicle fully packed with everything you
need to travel. You’ve counted heads, and everyone is present and ready to go.
Are you ready? Not yet.
HOW TO GET THERE? The route of travel between two places in
the UK is almost infinitely variable. . Remember there’s a lot to think about
on how you are going to travel to your destination:
Route Planning Considerations
Does your planned route avoid major populated areas? More
people = more problems.
Are all the roads open?
How many drivers are available you trust?
Are there places available where you can reasonably expect
to get water, fuel, and food?
Are the civil authorities still available to direct traffic
and provide emergency services?
Is another route available, even if it’s longer?
Are all the bridges and tunnels open?
Does this route avoid bad weather conditions, or take them
into account?
Can this route safely be driven at night?
Can anyone unfamiliar with the route drive it while you are
Does an alternative route offer better conditions and safety
than the originally proposed route?
Are there safe areas within a reasonable drive that you can
use for emergency sheltering, including camping overnight, if required?
Is driving time a planning factor?
Are mountains, or hazardous terrain a problem for your



Can you safely get to “A” from “B”?
You made your decision, you’re on the road. You left word
with friends in the area you just left on where you were going, and how you
plan to get there. You promise to keep others informed of departure and arrival
You know someone will miss you if you don’t show up in a reasonable time
period. Your plan works perfectly, and now you have arrived where you were
supposed to be.
Once at your destination, quickly evaluate the shelter
arrangements. Is it too crowded? Is it safe or unsafe. Are there people there
you don’t trust? Evaluate everything.
If something doesn’t “smell right”, move on to
another shelter.
The last resort is to sleep on the side of the road or in the
car park of a shopping centre.
Ask the local police if there is a safe place to park and
sleep. You probably will not be allowed to cook over a campfire in the local
shopping centre car park.
Putting tent pegs in concrete is very difficult too. But,
assuming the current shelter will be OK, they next logical step is to ask
You’re alive and well. You have money and the tools to
survive. Get on with your life. Post-Disaster Recovery is an entirely different
Prepared for Disaster
Are you prepared for a disaster that could affect the daily
function of your life or the lives of your family members? Or do you even
believe a disaster will ever affect you?
Blizzards, floods, power cuts, and who knows what else
happens all the time. Still, most of us ignore the warnings. “It can’t
happen here,” some say. “The government will take care of me if it
does,” others think.
But not only do they happen, they can happen to you. And
when they do, you will be on your own. The recent UK flooding events have
proved this. Look at the total disruption of transportation when it snows for
This was followed by the immediate and complete paralysis of air
transportation at major international airports. Thousands were stranded for
days on their own in strange cities.
As serious as these events were, they pale in comparison to
the possibilities. Consider a major biological or nuclear attack or accident.
Hundreds of thousands of casualties are predicted in some scenarios.
These disasters or attacks would overwhelm local, regional,
and national emergency resources and cause widespread panic. Transportation
would stop, markets would be stripped of food within hours, essential emergency
services would be overwhelmed, and food, medical supplies, and emergency
service workers would be sent to the disaster area, leaving critical shortages
in local areas.
Are you prepared?
Now, more than ever, you need to prepare for the possibility
of disasters or attacks on a scale and type never before imagined. It is your
duty to yourself, your family, and your country to be prepared.
Some of us need to be prepared for being at “ground
zero.” Certain areas are the most likely direct targets of terrorists or
natural disasters. All of us need to be prepared to be indirect targets, those
affected by the temporary collapse of our nation’s infrastructure.
In short, we all need to be able to live self-sufficiently
for a period of time.
What to prepare for will depend on your geographical area.
Natural disasters and the risk of major terrorist attacks vary by where you
live. The first thing you need to do is make a list of the possible disasters
for which you need to prepare.
Some of the things you will want to consider include natural
disasters, such as blizzards, floods, and even wild fires, as well as
technological disasters, such as nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) attacks,
and hazardous material accidents.
Don’t forget cyber-attacks, the possibility that an enemy
could attack our computer systems, shutting down electrical, gas,
communications, transportation, and emergency and medical services. What about
attacks on our farms and agricultural processing plants? While they would
likely affect only a small number of people directly, they would completely
shut down food production and distribution systems.
While there are many things to plan for, your response to
all of them is one of two things: stay at home or evacuate. For blizzards,
earthquakes, cyber-attacks, nuclear fallout, quarantine after biological
attacks, and collapse of the infrastructure, you will want to stay at home.
floods, hurricanes, or with some advance notice of NBC attacks, evacuation may
be your course of action.
Whenever possible, staying at home in your own environment
and with your own emergency supplies is the best choice.
When you evacuate, you
are essentially a refugee at the mercy of government evacuation centres or the
compassion of the local population.
In a major disaster, don’t expect to be welcomed by the
locals who are struggling with their own survival.
In all situations, you will need to be able to think for
yourself. Confusion always accompanies a major disaster and initial information
and instructions may be conflicting and incorrect.
So, monitor the radio and television for official
instructions on what to do, such as whether to evacuate or not, but don’t
assume they are correct. Make your own decisions based on your plans and
Riding it out at home
Key to your survival is preparing a disaster supplies kit,
essentially the stockpiling of all materials that you would need to live on if
you are cut off from outside utilities, water, and supplies. Once a disaster
occurs, there won’t be time and materials may not be available.
How long you will need to be self-sufficient is hard to say.
My advice would be that everyone store enough food, water, and supplies to take
care of their family for three days.
Preparing a “72-hour kit” is a good idea. It can
be used for immediate evacuation and part of your overall disaster supply kit.
Place items in a portable, easy-to-carry container, such as a large plastic box
or duffel bag, ready to grab at a moment’s notice.
But, is it enough? A blizzard, earthquake, quarantine, or
nuclear fallout could confine you for much longer. You need to be able to take
care of all the needs for your family for a period of at least two weeks and
possibly longer.
Having supplies for one to three months is not all that
unreasonable or hard to accomplish.
There are six basics that should be part of your home
disaster supplies kit: water, food, first aid supplies, tools and emergency
supplies, clothing and bedding, and special needs items.
Tools and emergency supplies Tools and emergency supplies
should include such things as battery-operated radio and flashlights with extra
batteries, cups/plates/utensils, non-electric can opener, matches, lantern,
fire extinguisher, hand tools for repairs and to turn off household water and
gas, a whistle, and plastic sheeting.
For sanitation, include toilet paper,
soap, toothpaste, personal hygiene items, disinfectant, and household chlorine
bleach. Many more items can be added.
Think through the things you use on a
daily basis.
Clothing and bedding Clothing and bedding would include a
change of clothing and footwear for everyone in the household, rain gear, cold
weather clothes, hat and gloves, and blankets or sleeping bags. Remember, a
house or car can get very cold without heat.
Prepare for the worst weather that
you might encounter.



Store your disaster supply kit in a convenient place that is
known to all family members and make sure they know your family’s disaster
plan. Evaluate your kit once a year and update it according to family needs.
You may not have much time to prepare when you need to
evacuate. A hazardous materials spill could mean instant evacuation, so always
have a smaller version of your home disaster supply kit in the boot of your
When you have advance warning of an evacuation, bring your
portable “72-hour” disaster supply kit, along with additional food,
water, and clothing. Keep important family documents in a waterproof, portable
container, ready to bring with you in an evacuation.
These may include your will, insurance policies, contracts,
deeds, stocks and bonds, passports, social security card, bank and credit
account numbers, family documents (birth, marriage, and death certificates),
inventory of valuable household items, and important telephone numbers.
It would be a good idea to always keep some cash in this
container, so you have it for an emergency. If there is time, valuable family
heirlooms or photographs can be added.
Now that you have a basic plan for any emergency, let’s
consider plans for some specific risks.
A nuclear disaster could result from an accident at a
nuclear power plant, a detonation of a nuclear device by terrorists or a rogue
nation, or an explosion of a “dirty” bomb, an explosive surrounded by
radioactive material. Individuals at “ground zero” will have little
chance of survival.  
The risk for others is the exposure to radiation.
Radiation is dangerous because of harmful effects on the
body. In large amounts, radiation can cause radiation sickness, thyroid and other
cancers, and death.
These effects are greater the longer a person is exposed to
the radiation and the closer the person is to the source. If radiation is
released into the atmosphere, it can travel for thousands of miles,
contaminating the ground and living organisms as it settles back to earth on
dust or rain.  
This is called fallout radiation.
Time, distance, and shielding are the factors that minimize
exposure to nuclear radiation. Most radiation loses its strength fairly
rapidly, but it is important to limit the amount of time spent near the
radiation source.
The farther away an individual is from the radiation source,
the less exposure. Shielding is a barrier between an individual and the
Concrete, earth, and structures are good shields. Depending
on the distance from the source, the best protection from radiation fallout may
be to remain indoors.
After a nuclear disaster you may be advised to evacuate. If
so, remain calm, pack your evacuation survival kit in your vehicle, and follow
the evacuation routes out of the area. If there is time before leaving, close
and lock windows of your house, close fireplace dampers, turn off air
conditioning, vents, fans, and furnace.
Doing these things will make your house safer when you
return by minimizing exposure to the inside of your house to fallout.
If you are advised to remain at home, bring pets inside,
secure your house from fallout by closing and locking doors and windows,
closing fireplace dampers, turning off air conditioning, vents and fans.
If your emergency supplies are stored in a garage or barn,
bring them inside and, if there is time, store additional water in tubs, sinks,
and available containers. Inside the house, the safest area is a basement or
underground area, followed by an interior room with no windows.
Stay inside until authorities say it is safe to go outside.
When coming in from the outdoors after exposure to fallout, shower and change
clothes and shoes. Put the contaminated items that were worn outside in a
plastic bag and seal it.
Open water sources (streams, creeks, lakes), fruits and
vegetables from outdoor gardens, and livestock will all be contaminated. Do not
eat or drink products from these until you know it is safe.
ery few people were actually infected in the anthrax
attacks in the USA after 911 because it took direct physical contact with the
bacteria to develop the disease. Other biological agents are contagious (passed
from person to person), however, and are much more dangerous.
Biological agents are microorganisms (bacteria or viruses)
or toxins that produce diseases in humans. The Centre For Disease Control (CDC)
lists 17 biological agents that may be used as weapons, including anthrax,
smallpox, plague, and botulism.
They are not immediately detectable, may take days to grow
and spread, and it is impossible to know when an attack occurs. While
preparations are being made for defence against such attacks, nobody really
knows what to expect.
Fortunately, most of these biological agents are hard to
make into weapons. Worst-case scenarios, such as suicide terrorists infected
with smallpox traveling through metropolitan areas, are staggering, however.
Thousands of victims would overwhelm medical services and die.
Likely? Hopefully not, but who knows? Those at “ground
zero” who are infected will need professional medical help.
With air travel, people will spread the disease all over the
country before we even know an attack occurred.
The rest of the country will
shut down as soon as authorities realize what happened.
Expect widespread closure of the country and mandatory
quarantines. Transportation, food, and vital services will stop. Plan to stay
at home if advised or ordered and avoid exposure with outsiders who may carry
Your stockpile of food and supplies should get you through this
disaster. You may want to have some medical-type masks and gloves on hand.
Should you stockpile antibiotics in preparation for such
attacks? Authorities say no and this may be practical advice.
A large number of
different types and amounts of antibiotics would need to be stored to protect
your family against all likely biological weapons.
Many of the diseases are viruses, not treatable with
antibiotics, and those treatable by antibiotics might be altered to make them
resistant to available antibiotics. Besides, you will need professional medical
care if you are exposed.
Chemical terrorism
and hazardous spills
Chemical agents are gases, liquids, or solids that are
poisonous to humans. Depending on the type and amount of the material, exposure
to chemical agents can cause illness or be fatal.
Chemical agents include chlorine or ammonia gases that are
transported on trains daily, other hazardous industrial chemicals, and chemical
warfare agents, such as nerve agents, blister agents, blood poisons, and
The CDC lists 58 known chemical warfare agents.
Some nerve agents, such as Sarin, used in the attack in
Japan, kill quickly. If you are at “ground zero” in such situations
your only chance is to evacuate immediately.
A hazardous materials spill is probably more likely than a
terrorist chemical attack. For gases and other chemicals that spread in the
air, evacuation to avoid exposure is critical.
Leave the area as soon as you are aware of the incident.
Full face respirators (gas masks) may be useful for escape in such situations.
Buy good quality, new masks designed for industrial or rescue use, not army
surplus masks.
Natural disasters
Natural disasters are somewhat easier to prepare for—you
either get out of their way (evacuate) or you protect yourself indoors.
In floods Sandbag doors and windows, move furniture and
other items to higher ground, and evacuate if necessary. Do not drive or walk
through flood waters and stay off bridges when they are covered with water.
Be prepared
Bad weather Preparation should include boarding up windows
and flood-proofing your home. Bring in outside furniture, bicycles, and rubbish
bins. Listen to recommendations of emergency officials and evacuate if advised.
If not advised to evacuate, stay indoors and away from windows.
Blizzards Stay indoors and use the telephone only for
life-threatening emergencies. Use fires safely and properly ventilate. It there
is no heat, cover windows, close off un-needed rooms, and stuff towels in
cracks under doors.
Wear layers of warm clothing. Eat and drink plenty. Food
generates body heat and water helps circulation to keep the skin warm.
It is important to know what to do and have a plan before a
disaster strikes. The internet can provide additional information for preparing
for and dealing with natural disasters and terrorist attacks.
Consider your
risks, develop a plan, prepare your disaster supplies kit, and discuss with
your family what to do in case of an emergency.
Remember, the future belongs to those who prepare. You must
be ready before disaster strikes.




The World Health Organisation (WHO) has warned there could be 10,000 new cases of Ebola per week within two months.

Ebola the Threat
UN warns Ebola virus
currently plaguing West Africa could become airborne
The longer it moves
between human hosts the greater possibility of mutation
The risk grows the
longer virus is living within the human ‘melting pot’
Officials call for
1,000 new Sierra Leone isolation centres to contain virus
British survivor
says ‘horror’ of children dying from disease must be avoided
Will Pooley was
first Briton to contract virus after working in Sierra Leone
Thomas Eric Duncan
is the first person to be diagnosed in the U.S.
He flew into
Texas from Liberia, touching down in Brussels and Washington
Up to 100 people in
Texas are feared to have come into contact with him
Doctors at the hospital
in Texas said he was in a serious but stable condition
The UN’s Ebola response chief Anthony Banbury, the Secretary
General’s Special Representative has warned. There is a ‘nightmare’ prospect
that the deadly disease will become airborne if it continues infecting new
He said: ‘in a career
working in these kinds of situations, wars, natural disasters – I have never
seen anything as serious or dangerous or high risk as this one.’
His comments come as organisations battling the crisis in
West Africa warned the international community has just four weeks to stop its
spread before it spirals ‘completely out of control’.
The number of new Ebola infections is growing exponentially
– officials believe the number of new cases is doubling every few weeks, while
more than 3,300 people in West Africa have so far been killed.
Save the Children have also warned five more people are
infected with the virus every hour.
The Public Health Agency of Canada has deleted information
from its official website which indicated that the “airborne spread” of Ebola
was strongly suspected by health authorities, amidst efforts by officials in
Texas to calm concerns about the first outbreak of the virus in America.
So to CALM the people
they remove the warning but not deny that it is or will mutate to being
My friends I’m telling you it is transmittable through
airborne droplets, so if it does become an epidemic in the West you must wear
Think about it, the medical staff wear full one piece
protection suits with masks, this is because of their close contact with the
You too could be in contact with the infected but the
difference is you “Will not know it”
The only real survival option in this situation is
“isolation” and that means preps, water, in fact in real terms you will be
You will have to deny all outside human contact access to
you and your family, you will need the very same one full piece protective suit
that the medical staff use.
If the government do what they have done in parts of Africa
that is to seal off certain areas and enforce a quarantine what will you do
then? Will you cope? Can you cope? And for how long.
And if you do not believe me ask the relatives of Thomas Eric Duncan who are being held under
armed guard in their own homes.
On the 5th
of October a man died in Uganda’s capital after an outbreak of Marburg, a
highly infectious haemorrhagic fever similar to Ebola, authorities said on
Sunday, adding that a total of 80 people who came into contact with him were
Marburg starts with
a severe headache followed by haemorrhaging and leads to death in 80 percent or
more of cases in about nine days. It is from the same family of viruses as
Ebola, which has killed thousands in West Africa in recent months.
There is no vaccine
or specific treatment for the Marburg virus, which is transmitted through
bodily fluids such as saliva and blood or by handling infected wild animals
such as monkeys.
The health ministry
said in a statement that the 30-year old radiographer died on Sept. 28 while
working at a hospital in Kampala. He had started feeling unwell about 10 days
earlier, and his condition kept deteriorating. He complained of headache,
abdominal pain, vomiting blood and diarrhoea.
Samples were taken
and tested at the Uganda Virus Research Institute, and results confirmed the
man had the Marburg virus.
Doctors said his
brother, one of the people he came into contact with, has developed similar
symptoms and has been quarantined in a group of 80 others, 60 of whom are
health workers.
Those quarantined
came into contact with the victim either in Kampala or his burial place in
Kasese, a district in western Uganda bordering the Democratic Republic of
Marburg has a
shorter incubation period of 14 days, compared with Ebola’s 21.

Just Some Thoughts on Gear to Carry

Aluminium Foil – The best thing about foil is you can
wrap meat and veggies in it, throw it in a fire, and a few minutes later have a
hot meal. It can also be moulded into a bowl, cup, funnel, or a pot for boiling
It can also be used to enhance an antenna, to sharpen
scissors, to make sun boxes for small plants, to collect dew from trees, and in
the summer it can be put in windows to keep the heat out.
Baseball Bats – You might plan on carrying a gun for
self-protection if the SHTF, but if you’re caught off guard, nothing’s better
than a good baseball bat, it never misfires.
Bicycle and Pump, Extra Tubes, etc. – Remember, if,
things get ugly, fuel will be unavailable or unaffordable. If you need to
travel long distance for supplies, you’ll need a good bike. Make sure to get a
mountain bike and not a skinny-tired ten speed.
Sweets – This is mainly for children, but can also be
a great comfort food for adults. Just don’t go overboard with it as too much
sugar can weaken your immune system.
Cash – If you can afford to, start setting aside a
little cash. In most emergency scenarios, people will still accept cash.
Heavy duty bags- Unlike ordinary black
bags, heavy duty bags are very thick and sturdy. You can stuff them with
sharp branches and debris or use them to drag heavy objects. They can also be
used as a poncho, a lean too, an A frame or a temporary patch for a  leaky roof.
Duct Tape – duct tape is awesome!
Floss – Even if you don’t floss, this stuff is great
to stock up on as it can be used for fishing lines, repairing tents or clothing
lines, and suture material.
Games – In modern societies, people are so used to
having constant entertainment and distractions that they’re likely to become
very bored if the power is out. But nothing cures boredom like a good board game,
or a game of cards. This is especially important if you have children.
Glasses, Glasses Repair Kit – Most people only have
one pair of glasses, but what if your glasses break and all the opticians are
closed? It’s good to have at least one backup pair and a glasses repair kit.
Glow Bracelets/Sticks – When the electricity is out,
the amazing MULE LIGHT range is FANTASTIC You can
use them to mark the location of important objects like doorknobs, flashlights
and radios. They make a great substitute for candles, and they’re fun for kids.
Hatchet – This might seem like an obvious one, but I
know of several people who haven’t bothered to get one yet (especially those
living in apartments). Even if you don’t bug out to some location in the woods,
you’ll still want to get a good hatchet in case you need to split wood or chop
through the bone of an animal. It also makes a good weapon.
Important Documents – Bank account and credit card
records, birth certificates, prescriptions, property deeds, registration
papers, titles, and any other important papers. You should make photocopies of
all ID’s and credit cards. Put everything inside Ziploc bags and keep them in a
safe if you have one. You might also want to include cherished photographs.
Map of Local Area – Nowadays people are used to using
Google or Yahoo maps and many don’t even have a physical map anymore. It is so
importance to have a good map marked with potentially dangerous areas. It can also
be used for identifying the shortest, safest route to a friend or relative’s
home, a place with supplies, etc. And don’t forget a good motorway map too.
Paper, Pencil, Pencil Sharpener – For playing games,
making notes, or keeping a journal (you’re living in interesting times; write
about it).
Paper Plates, Cups and Plastic Utensils – In most
survival situations, you’ll want to use no more water than is necessary. This
is why I think you should get LOTS of these they can also be used as tinder.
Plastic Sheeting – Not just for keeping germs out.
This can be used to repair leaks, collect water, or build a makeshift shelter.
Sewing Kit – Another one of those things that has
become less and less common in modern society. You should get a decent kit and
learn how to sew buttons and patch/mend clothes because new shirts and trousers
might be hard to come by.
Snow Shoes – In a disaster, you might be too busy or
tried to shovel the footpath so got a pair of snow shoes. You could also use
the back of a chair or tennis rackets.
Tarps – There are many uses for tarps: covering
firewood, holding debris, privacy screens, shade, tablecloths, tents, lean
to’s, A frames etc.
Whistle – Emergency whistles are invaluable for people who are lost or in
Wire saw – These take up little space and can be used
to cut through bone, metal, plastic, and wood with ease.
These as usual are only suggestions and you as an individual
will hopefully choose different one to cover your needs.
Further Power cut Advice
As we are so dependent on electricity for everything we do,
a long-term power cut can quickly turn from a momentary inconvenience to an
outright disaster.
Stop and consider everything you do on a daily basis that
requires electricity; Kitchen Appliances cooking, heating or cooling our homes,
lighting, running water for drinking, bathing & washing dishes and clothes,
refrigeration of food, and communication needs; phones, radio, television and
the internet.
And don’t forget about family members that are dependent on
special equipment such as a respirator, ventilator, oxygen concentrator,
suction machine, medication compressor.
These are items that can easily be
powered by a backup power source such as a generator.
You can greatly lessen the impact of electrical power
failure by taking the time to prepare in advance. You and your family should be
prepared to cope on your own during a power cut for at least 72 hours .
Also consider establishing a contingency plan for extreme
emergencies for members of your household with special needs.
Power Cut Survival
You must make an emergency plan that includes a disaster
survival supply kit that includes items you can use when there is a power cut.
This kit should
Torches and extra batteries.
A battery-powered radio with fresh batteries.
Water for drinking and cooking.
A portable heater (such as kerosene or LP gas).
Camping equipment such as sleeping bags, a portable lamp or
lantern, and a camp stove.
A telephone that does not require electricity to operate
Remember cordless phones do not work when the power is off.
Emergency Lanterns or battery-powered torches and lanterns
or even wind-up ones are safer than candles, gas lanterns (to minimize the risk
of fire).
Don’t forget water and food.
During the winter, try to live in one room. Choose the room
with the fireplace or one that can be heated easily with a portable heater.
You can install a non-electric standby stove or heater.
Choose heating units that are not dependent on an electric motor, electric fan,
or some other electric device to function.
It is important to adequately vent the stove or heater with
the type of chimney flue specified for it.
If you have a wood-burning fireplace, have the chimney
cleaned every autumn in preparation for use and to eliminate creosote build-up
which could ignite and cause a chimney fire.
If the standby heating unit will use the normal house oil or
gas supply, have it connected with shut-off valves by a certified corgi engineer.
Before considering the use of an emergency generator during
a power cut, check with furnace, appliance and lighting fixture dealers or
manufacturers regarding power requirements and proper operating procedures.
What to do During a
Power Cut
Turn off and unplug all tools, appliances and electronic
equipment, and turn the thermostat(s) for the home heating system down to
minimum to prevent damage from a power surge when power is restored.
power can be restored more easily when there is not a heavy load on the
electrical system.
Use Surge Protectors (can be bought for around £10 each)
It’s strongly recommended that expensive electronics be unplugged during a
power cut to protect them from power surges when electricity is restored, but
for when you can’t unplug, surge protectors will help prevent damage to
electronics like computers and televisions.
Turn off all lights, except one inside and one outside, so
that both you and the repair crews outside know that the power cut is over and
has been restored.
Don’t open your freezer or fridge unless it is absolutely
Make sure food stays as cold as possible, by keeping refrigerator
and freezer doors closed.
A full freezer will keep food frozen for 24 to 36
hours if the door remains closed.
Never use charcoal or gas barbecues, camping heating
equipment, or home generators indoors. They give off carbon monoxide.
you can’t smell or see it, carbon monoxide can cause health problems and is
Use proper candle holders. Never leave lit candles
unattended and keep out of reach of children. Always extinguish candles before
going to bed.
Listen to your battery-powered or wind-up radio for
information on the power outage and advice from authorities
Use of Home
Home generators are handy for backup electricity in case of
a power cuts, but must only be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s
A back-up generator may only be connected to your home’s
electrical system through an approved transfer panel and switch that has been
installed by a qualified electrician.
Never plug a generator into a wall outlet as serious injury
can result when the current produced by the home generator is fed back into the
electrical lines, and transformed to a higher voltage. This can also endanger
the lives of utility employees working to restore the power.
To operate a
generator safely:
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Ensure that the generator operates outdoors in
well-ventilated conditions, well away from doors or windows, to prevent exhaust
gases from entering the house.
Connect lights and appliances directly to the generator. If
extension cords must be used, ensure they are properly rated and.
When the Power
Step by Step: Resetting circuit Breakers
Turn off light switches and unplug appliances in all rooms
that have lost power.
Find your circuit breaker box and open the cover.
Locate the tripped breaker. Circuit breakers are small,
usually horizontal switches and may be labeled (e.g., “kitchen,”
“bathroom” etc.).
The tripped circuit breaker will be in the
“off” position or in a middle position between “on” and
Reset the breaker by moving it to the full “off”
position and then back to “on.” That should clear an overload and
return power to the room.
If the breaker re-trips, it could be for a number of
reasons: too many lamps and appliances plugged into the circuit; a damaged cord
or plug; a short circuit in a receptacle, switch or fixture; or faulty wiring.
Identify and fix problems before finally resetting the breaker.
Tips and Warnings
If a breaker continues to re-trip, reset it only when you’ve
corrected the problem, or call an electrician.



When resetting a breaker use only one hand and stand to the
side to avoid electrical arc if the breaker should malfunction.
Working with electrical systems is potentially dangerous. If
you’re unsure of your abilities or about any aspect of the job, call an
After Resetting the
Give the electrical system a chance to stabilize before
reconnecting tools and appliances. Turn the heating-system thermostats up
first, followed in a couple of minutes by reconnection of the fridge and
Wait 10 to 15 minutes before reconnecting all other tools and
Turn on the water supply. Close lowest valves/taps first and
allow air to escape from upper taps.
Make sure that the hot water heater is filled before turning
on the power to it.
Check food supplies in refrigerators, freezers and cupboards
for signs of spoilage. If a freezer door has been kept closed, food should stay
frozen 24 to 36 hours, depending on the temperature.
When food begins to
defrost (usually after two days), it should be cooked; otherwise it should be
thrown out.
As a general precaution, keep a bag of ice cubes in the
freezer. If you return home after a period of absence and the ice has melted
and refrozen, there is a good chance that the food is spoiled.  
When in doubt,
throw it out!
Reset your clocks, automatic timers, and alarms.
Don’t forget to restock your emergency kit so the supplies will
be there when needed again.
Be Prepared… For a Power Cut
Winter is on the way or depending on where in the UK i.e.
Somerset, Yorkshire it is already here.
Depending on where you live, experiencing a power cut can
range from being moderately inconvenient to a complete nightmare. Being
prepared means that a power cut needn’t be a disaster…
Emergency supplies
Last winter there were families in remote parts of the
country where a power cut left them stranded for days without heat, light,
cooking facilities and hot water. Shops had to be closed and heavy snowfall
blocked roads and railways. With a power cut – no matter where you are – can
cause real problems.  
Candles can be dangerous, keeping warm is difficult and
milk and food may turn rancid. A little preparation is definitely worthwhile.
Here’s an emergency check-list of what you should have in
the house:
Candles, minimum four to five dozen.
Candle stick holders. In a pinch, fold aluminium foil around
the candle bases
Matches and disposable lighters.
Emergency heater
Torches and extra batteries.
Canned goods and dry food mixes
Water and juices.
Extension cords, long enough to reach your neighbour’s
Hand tools such as hammer, screwdriver and wood saw.
Seasoned firewood.
Extra blankets.
Paper plates, cups and plastic utensils.
First-aid kit
Fire Extinguisher
Remember to keep these things together and in a place where
they will be easy to reach and find in the dark. It’s also a good idea to keep
some emergency lighting on each level of the house, a lighter with candles
should be fine until you can access the torches.
Try to get children used to candles – from distance!
Bath-time is a good time to introduce candlelight – it makes a relaxing
atmosphere and your child is safely contained in the tub.
During a power cut
you’ll only be able to use them on high surfaces. Do not walk around with a lit
candle, use torches instead to get about the house.
During a power cut
You will find the temperature in your home drops quickly.
Keep a small baby close to you for warmth, and consider co-sleeping. Toddlers
will need extra clothes and blankets at bed times. A torch may make an
impromptu night-light.
However even adults will need extra layers of clothes as
well as blankets hats and gloves.
Report the power cut to your electricity supplier
immediately. They should have a 24-hour emergency telephone number that is on
your electricity bill or in the front of the yellow pages.
Tell them if you
have a young children, elderly person or those with medical problems in the
house and ask for an estimated length of time.
If the power cut is going to last several days, consider
staying with a friend or relative with power. Having no heat or light is going
to be, at the best, inconvenient and at the worst, dangerous.
And finally…
Get your family into good habits. Stairs should always be
kept free of toys and clutter in case you do end up stumbling around in the
BOB-A Bug-Out Boat
One survival option I have considered over the last year is
planning to bug out in my boat.
Within the survival prepping community there
are two major camps, the bug-out doctrine and the bug-out doctrine.
Needless to say each has many variations and are highly
tailorable to personal needs and available options.
I think for many families
the bug-in doctrine is preferable, for solo young men probably the bug out.
Being a young lad in the 80’s with minimal financial
resources, I was mostly prone to bug out prepping, with the focus largely on
skills (as I had a lack of gear or resources to acquire gear).
Now as an old
git l, I face the prospect of seeing my family exist in a growing police state,
one where what my children eat, are taught, and medicated would be controlled
by the state.
For many of us who see the writing on the wall and are
desperate to secure a viable future for our family, there is a perception that
any survival prep would be woefully inadequate to sustain a family.
Of course,
the perception of an insurmountable barrier to providing for your family is
merely that, a perception in my opinion.
In reality, we can all take small steps to become providers
for our families. As I own a boat I continue to ask myself the same question
over and over again, will it work, as a BOB=bug-out-boat, I would like to share
an option that began as an exotic fascination that may perhaps grow into a
viable survival option.
A more detailed analysis could go in depth into the various
nuances of boats and how they can be tailored to nearly any survival need, but
I think as an introductory analysis it should be approached as simply as
possible to encourage feedback and discussion.
Let’s analyze how a boat can
provide the basic essentials for survival: shelter, water, power, and food.
The first requirement would be a shelter. Living aboard a
sailboat is not something that is difficult or even out of the ordinary.
are many liveaboards in the UK already. Some live year round in their boat,
only occasionally sailing to holiday destinations.
Others live on board with the intention of sailing every
available weekend. As a survival option the boat can be much cheaper than purchasing
a house or land, offers superb mobility, and is as self-contained as any
A boat for living aboard, roughly 30 to 40 feet can be very
reasonably acquired in a sailing condition for around 2,000 to £5,000.
Sailboats, boats, sometimes get a bad rap for being a money pit that requires
more money to operate than should be required. I believe this is a common
misconception from individuals who buy boats just like that fourth or fifth
car, to use ‘every now and then.’
Then complain when the motor has problems after not being
maintained or run for six months. 
A boat is just like any other vehicle or
piece of property; it should be maintained and used to have utility. Using a
boat as a home would help ensure that needed repairs and maintenance are kept
Liveaboards who come from homes on shore to live on the sea,
report that boat maintenance is not beyond the scope of home repair on land.
There are certain things that should be done yearly (cleaning the hull and boat
bottom) and some every few months (motor check), not unlike a home.
The ability
to be truly mobile is probably the biggest advantage a boat has to a homestead. 
Is Government coming for your food stores? Do you have ‘too many guns,’
according to the houses of treason? The adage ‘fight or flight’ comes to mind.
Of course many would like to think that fight is the
superior option, who doesn’t like to be Rambo sometimes? But in reality, with a
family in a world of uncertainty I believe the flight option offers the best
security and preservation of lifestyle.
Should an unacceptable scenario occur
where you would fear for your family or lifestyle, one can always untie in the
middle of the night and motor/sail for the Scottish islands.
 The second requirement is water. Water procurement and purification
is probably the premier survival issue in 99% of situations.
On a boat: water,
water everywhere…. Water procurement would be the easy part, one would just
need to take care to only fill tanks with (purified) seawater from offshore,
and not near major ports or sea lanes.
The purification and storage are the possible problems. To
convert seawater into drinkable water, a boat must be equipped with a reverse
osmosis system (referred to as watermakers).
Watermakers do not run cheap and
should not be considered lightly, as with any water filtration system. The
ability to turn seawater into clean drinking water provides an almost unlimited
supply of the basic necessity of life.
A basic watermaker system for a sailboat will likely cost
anywhere from £3,000 to £5,000. I consider this as a necessary upgrade to any
boat and should be included in the final cost analysis of a survival boat.
course in addition to the ability to purify the water, the ability to hold it
is important. All liveaboard boats have clean water holding tanks that range in
size from 25 to 75 gallons.
For drinking and cooking this is plenty of water
storage for almost a week. To keep the watermaker working, a power source is
Generating power on a boat is no different than any other
off grid power system. The bonus that boats have out of the box against a
homestead is that they have a fossil fuel generator included in the function of
the motor.
With a battery bank, this is enough to power most needs during a
short trip.
Similar to onshore off grid systems you can (and probably
should) supplement the generator with solar and wind power generation.
Wind and
solar generators are a familiar sight on boats and liveaboards, the prices for
such systems can vary widely, but take the same approach one would take with an
onshore off grid system.
One must gauge their own power usage and tailor a system to
meet those needs. One concern is those with high power needs would not have the
space for the requisite battery bank to provide.
Those with low power concerns
could find a boat very attractive. Expect similar costs and concerns with power
generation for a boat in comparison to a bug-out location.
The final requirement for a boat is food. Food is a mixed
bag for survival minded liveaboards and motor cruisers. The limited storage
space creates a problem for individuals who are keen to store much of their
This can be countered though by the relative availability of fish from
the sea and fresh produce (often cheaper than on the UK mainland) from many
cruising destinations.
As a fisher and lover of fresh produce, I am more
inclined to take the latter option stored. Now given the smaller space on the
ship you would need to acquire and use fishing, cleaning, and cooking skills.
This is another important skill useful in many survival
situations, remember practice makes perfect. 
The predominant cooling method in
boats is the tried and tested ice box method of our grandfathers, still
requiring physical ice to cool the box.
I believe this would be a better option
in a grid down scenario, where power becomes a premium.
Coming from the bug out survival doctrine, this is not a
huge change from the skills based food acquisition requirements for bugging
The food requirement would require the least amount of initial investment
but perhaps the most amount of skills investment.
After considering the four basic essentials for survival and
the ability of a boat to provide adequately, I believe the boat should be
considered a viable and worthy survival option to many along the costs of the
nation, and especially for those with boats moored inland on our extexsive
river and canal system
Pirate preppers, seafaring survivalists, please comment and
discuss! Is the boat a viable survival option? Leave your text or voicemail on
0044 7825 4062710044 7825 406271
Prepare, Prepare, Prepare NOW
Today, millions of Britons say that they believe that the
United Kingdom is on the verge of a major economic collapse and will soon be
entering another Great Depression.
only a small percentage of those same people are prepared for that to
The sad truth is that the vast majority of Brits would last
little more than a month on what they have stored up in their homes.  Most of us are so used to running out to the
supermarket for whatever we need that we never even stop to consider what would
happen if suddenly we were not able to do that.
Already the UK economy is starting to stumble about like a
drunken teenager.  All it would take for
the entire UK to resemble East London after the bombers had left would be for a
major war, a terror attack, a deadly pandemic or a massive natural disaster to
strike at just the right time and push the teetering UK economy over the
So just how would you survive if
you suddenly could not rely on the huge international corporate giants to feed,
clothe and supply you and your family?
Do you have a plan?
Unless you already live in a cave or you are a complete and
total mindless follower of the establishment media, you should be able to see
very clearly that our society is more vulnerable now than it ever has
This year there have been an
unprecedented number of large earthquakes around the world and volcanoes all
over the globe are awakening and don’t forget the massive flooding we have
You can just take a look at what has happened in Haiti and
in Iceland to see how devastating a natural disaster can be.  Not only that, but we have a world that is
full of lunatics in positions of power, and if one of them decides to set off a
nuclear, chemical or biological weapon in a major city it could paralyze an
entire region.
War could erupt in the Middle East at literally any moment,
and if it does the price of oil will double or triple (at least) and there is
the possibility that much of the entire world could be drawn into the conflict.
Scientists tell us that a massive high-altitude EMP
(electromagnetic pulse) blast could send large portions of the Northern
hemisphere back to the Stone Age in an instant.
In addition, there is the constant threat that the outbreak of a major
viral pandemic (such as what happened with the 1918 Spanish Flu) could kill
tens of millions of people around the globe and paralyze the economies of the
But even without all of that, the truth is that the UK and
the EU economy is going to collapse.  So
just think of what will happen if one (or more) of those things does happen on
top of all the economic problems that we are having.
Are you
The following is a list of 20 things you and your family
will need to survive when the economy totally collapses and the next Great
Depression begins….
Storable Food
Food is going to instantly become one of the most valuable
commodities in existence in the event of an economic collapse.
If you do not have food you are not going to



Most UK families would not last much longer than a month on
what they have in their house right now, in fact I would say that many would be
dead by then anyway..  So what about
If disaster struck right now, how
long could you survive on what you have?
The truth is that we all need to start storing up food.  If you and your family run out of food, you
will suddenly find yourselves competing with the hordes of hungry people who
are looting the stores and roaming the streets looking for something to eat.
Of course you can grow your own food, but that is going to
take time.  So you need to have enough
food stored up until the food that you plant has time to grow.  But if you have not stored up any seeds you
might as well forget it.  When the
economy totally collapses, the remaining seeds will disappear very quickly.
So if you think that you are going to need
seeds, now is the time to get them.
Clean Water
Most people can survive for a number of weeks without food,
but without water you will die in just a few days, try going without water for
24hrs, I have and I did not like it.  So
where would you get water if the water suddenly stopped flowing out of your
Do you have a plan?  Is there an abundant supply of clean water
near your home? Would you be able to boil water if you need to? OH1 and by the
way you will need to.
Besides storing water and figuring out how you are going to
gather water if society breaks down, another thing to consider is water
purification tablets.  The water you are
able to gather during a time of crisis may not be suitable for drinking.  So you may find that water purification
tablets come in very, very handy.
You can’t sleep on the streets, can you?  Well, some people will be able to get by
living on the streets, but the vast majority of us will need some form of
shelter to survive for long.  So what
would you do if you and your family lost your home or suddenly were forced from
your home?
Where would you go?
The best thing to do is to come up with several plans.  Do you have relatives that you can bunk with
in case of emergency?  Do you own a tent
and sleeping bags if you had to rough it?
If one day everything hits the fan and you and your family have to
“bug out” somewhere, where would that be?
You need to have a plan.
Warm Clothing
If you plan to survive for long in a nightmare economic
situation, you are probably going to need some warm, functional clothing.  If you live in a cold climate, this is going
to mean storing up plenty of blankets and cold weather clothes.  If you live in an area where it rains a lot,
you will need to be sure to store up some rain gear.
If you think you may have to survive outdoors in an
emergency situation, make sure that you and your family have something warm to
put on your heads.  Someday after the
economy has collapsed and people are scrambling to survive, a lot of folks are
going to end up freezing to death.
fact, in the coldest areas it is actually possible to freeze to death in your
own home.  Don’t let that happen to you.
An Axe
Staying along the theme of staying warm, you may want to
consider investing in a good axe.  In the
event of a major emergency, gathering firewood will be a priority.  Without a good tool to cut the wood with that
will be much more difficult.
Lighters Or Matches
You will also want something to start a fire with.  If you can start a fire, you can cook food,
you can boil water and you can stay warm.
So in a true emergency situation, how do you plan to start a fire?  By rubbing sticks together?
Now is the time to put away a supply of
lighters or matches so that you will be prepared when you really need them, and
just to be sure please include a fire steel.
In addition, you may want to consider storing up a good
supply of candles.  Candles come in quite
handy whenever the electricity goes out, and in the event of a long-term
economic nightmare we will all see why our forefathers relied on candles so
Hiking Boots Or
Comfortable Shoes
When you ask most people to list things necessary for
survival, this is not the first or the second thing that comes to mind.  But having hiking boots or very comfortable
and functional shoes will be absolutely critical.
You may very well find yourself in a situation where you and
your family must walk everywhere you want to go.  So how far do you think you will get in high
heels?  You will want footwear that you
would feel comfortable walking in for hours if necessary.
You will also want footwear that will last a long time,
because when the economy truly collapses you may not be able to run out to the
shoe store and get what you need at that point.
A Torch and/Or
When the power goes off in your home, what is the first
thing that you grab?  Just think about
it.  A Torch or a lantern of course.  In a major emergency, a torch or a lantern is
going to be a necessity – especially if you need to go anywhere at night.
Solar powered or “wind up” torches or lanterns
will probably be best during a long-term emergency.  If you have battery-powered units you will
want to begin storing up lots and lots of batteries.
A Radio
If a major crisis does hit the UK, what will you and your
family want?  Among other things, you
will all want to know what in the world is going on.  A radio can be an invaluable tool for keeping
up with the news.
Once again, solar powered or “wind up” radios will
probably work best for the long term.  A
battery-powered until would work as well – but only for as long as your
batteries are able to last.
When things really hit the fan you are going to want to
communicate with your family and friends.
You will also want to be able to contact an ambulance or law enforcement
if necessary.
Having an emergency mobile
phone is great, but it may or may not work during a time of crisis.
The Internet also may or may not be
available.  Be sure to have a plan
(whether it be high-tech or low-tech) for staying in communication with others
during a major emergency.
A Swiss Army Knife
If you have ever owned a Swiss Army knife you probably
already know how incredibly handy they can be.
It can be a very valuable and versatile tool.  In a true survival situation, a Swiss Army
knife can literally do dozens of different things for you.  Make sure that you have at least one stored up
for emergencies.
Personal Hygiene
While these may not be absolute “essentials”, the
truth is that life will get very unpleasant very quickly without them.  For example, what would you do without toilet
paper?  Just think about it.  Imagine that you just finished your last roll
of toilet paper and now you can’t get any more.
What would you do?
The truth is that soap, toothbrushes, toothpaste, shampoo,
toilet paper and other hygiene products are things that we completely take for
granted in society today.  So what would
happen if we could not go out and buy them any longer?
A First Aid Kit And
Other Medical Supplies
On  a more serious
note, you may not be able to access a hospital or a doctor during a major
crisis.  In your survival supplies, be absolutely
certain that you have a good first aid kit and any other medical supplies that
you think you may need, and don’t forget any prescription medicine
Extra Fuel
There may come a day when fuel is rationed or is simply not
available at all.  If that happens, how
will you get around?  Be certain to have
some extra fuel stored away just in case you find yourself really needing to
get somewhere someday.
A Sewing Kit
If you were not able to run out and buy new clothes for you
and your family, what would you do?
Well, you would want to repair the clothes that you have and make them
last as long as possible.  Without a good
sewing kit that will be very difficult to do.
Whether it is pepper spray to fend off wild animals or
something more “robust” to fend off wild humans, millions of us will
one day be thankful that they have something to defend themselves with.
A Compass and a Map
In the event of a major emergency, you and your family may
find yourselves having to be on the move.
If you are in a wilderness area, it will be very hard to tell what
direction you are heading without a compass and a map.  It is always a good idea to have at least one
compass stored up.
A Hiking Backpack
If you and your family suddenly have to “bug out”,
what will you carry all of your survival supplies in?  Having a good hiking backpack or
“survival bag” for everyone in your family is extremely
important.  If something happened in the
city where you live and you suddenly had to “go”, what would you put
your most important stuff in?
How would
you carry it all if you had to travel by foot?
These are very important things to think about.
A Community
During a long-term crisis, it is those who are willing to
work together that will have the best chance of making it.  Whether it is your family, your friends, a
church or a local group of people that you know, make sure that you have some
people that you can rely on and work together with in the event that everything
hits the fan.  Loners are going to have a
really hard time of surviving for long.
A Backup Plan
Lastly, it is always, always, always important to have a
backup plan for everything.
If someone comes in and steals all the food that you have
stored up, what are you going to do?
If travel is restricted and you can’t get to your “bug
out” location immediately do you have a Plan B?
If you have built your house into an impregnable survival
fortress but circumstances force you to leave do you have an alternate plan?
The truth is that crisis situations rarely unfold just as we
envision.  It is important to be flexible
and to be ready with backup plans when disaster strikes.
You don’t want to end up like the folks in New Orleans after
Hurricane Katrina.  You don’t want to
have to rely on the government to take care of you if something really bad
I do not about here in the UK but for example right now the
U.S. strategic grain reserve contains only enough wheat to make half a loaf of
bread for each of the approximately 300 million people in the United States.
How long do you think that is going to last?
Now is the time to get ready.
Now is the time to prepare.
The UK economy is going to collapse and incredibly hard
times are coming.
Will you be able to survive when it happens?
Soap Making involves three basic three Basic Steps.
1) Making of the wood ash lye.
2) Rendering or cleaning the fats.
3) Mixing the fats and lye solution together and boiling the
mixture to make the soap.
First Let’s Make The
In making soap the first ingredient required was a liquid
solution of potash commonly called lye.
The lye solution was obtained by placing wood ashes in a
bottomless barrel set on a stone slab with a groove and a lip carved in it. The
stone in turn rested on a pile of rocks.
To prevent the ashes from getting in
the solution a layer of straw and small sticks was placed in the barrel then
the ashes were put on top. The lye was produced by slowly pouring water over
the ashes until a brownish liquid oozed out the bottom of the barrel.
solution of potash lye was collected by allowing it to flow into the groove
around the stone slab and drip down into a clay vessel at the lip of the
Some colonists used an ash hopper for the making of lye
instead of the barrel method. The ash hopper, was kept in a shed to protect the
ashes from being leached unintentionally by a rain fall.
Ashes were added
periodically and water was poured over at intervals to insure a continuous
supply of lye. The lye dripped into a collecting vessel located beneath the
Now The Fats Are
The preparation of the fats or grease to be used in forming
the soap was the next step. This consists of cleaning the fats and grease of
all other impurities contained in them.
The cleaning of fats is called rendering and is the
smelliest part of the soap making operation. Animal fat, when removed from the
animals during butchering, must be rendered before soap of any satisfactory
quality can be made from it.
This rendering removes all meat tissues that still
remain in the fat sections. Fat obtained from cattle is called tallow while fat
obtained from pigs is called lard.
If soap was being made from grease saved from cooking fires,
it was also rendered to remove all impurities that had collected in it. The
waste cooking grease being saved over a period of time without the benefits of
refrigeration usually became rancid.
This cleaning step was very important to make the grease
sweeter. It would result in a better smelling soap. The soap made from rancid
fats or grease would work just as well as soap made from sweet and clean fats
but not be as pleasant to have around and use.
To render them, fats and waste cooking grease were placed in
a large kettle and an equal amount of water was added. Then the kettle was
placed over the open fire outdoors. Soap making was an outside activity.
The smell from rendering the fats was too strong to wish in
anyone’s house. The mixture of fats and water were boiled until all the fats
had melted. After a longer period of boiling to insure completion of melting
the fats. The fire was stopped and into the kettle was placed another amount of
water about equal to the first amount of water.
The solution was allowed to
cool down and left over night.
By the next day the fats had solidified and floated to the
top forming a layer of clean fat. All the impurities being not as light as the
fat remained in water underneath the fat.
You can observe this today in your own kitchen.
When a stew
or casserole containing meat has been put in the refrigerator, you can see the
next day the same fat layer the colonists got on the top of their rendering
Finally The Soap
Making Can Begin.
In another large kettle or pot the fat was placed with the
amount of lye solution determined to be the correct amount. This is easier said
than done. We will discuss it more later. Then this pot was placed over a fire
again outdoors and boiled.
This mixture was boiled until the soap was formed. This was
determined when the mixture boiled up into a thick frothy mass, and a small
amount placed on the tongue caused no noticeable “bite”.
This boiling
process could take up to six to eight hours depending on the amount of the
mixture and the strength of the lye.
Soft and Hard Soap
Soap made with wood ash lye does not make a hard soap but
only a soft soap. When the fire was put out and the soap mixture was allowed to
cool, the next day revealed a brown jelly like substance that felt slippery to
the touch, made foam when mixed with water, and cleaned.
This is the soft soap
the colonists had done all their hard work to produce. The soft soap was then
poured into a wooden barrel and ladled out with a wooden dipper when needed.
To make hard soap, common salt was thrown in at the end of
the boiling. If this was done a hard cake of soap formed in a layer at the top
of the pot.
As common salt was expensive and hard to get, it was not usually
wasted to make hard soap. Common salt was more valuable to give to the
livestock and the preserving of foods.
Soft soap worked just as well as hard and for these reasons
the colonists, making their own soap, did not make hard soap bars.
In towns and cities where there were soap makers making soap
for sale, the soap would be converted to the hard soap by the addition of salt.
As hard bars it would be easier to store and transport.
Hard bars produced by
the soap maker were often scented with oils such as lavender, wintergreen, or
caraway and were sold as toilet soap to persons living in the cities or towns.
Hard soap was not cut into small bars and wrapped as soap is
sold today. Soap made by the soap makers was poured into large wooden frames
and removed when cooled and hard.
The amount of soap a customer wanted was cut from the large
bar. Soap was sold usually by the pound. Small wrapped bars were not available
until the middle of the 19th century.
Another thought to remember is the soap making procedure
described is not only how the homesteading colonial women made their soap.
making was generally a task the women did. This was essentially the method used
by all soap makers of the period. Soap making was always considered one of the
most difficult jobs on the farm or homestead.
Difficulties in
Making Soap
The hardest part was in determining if the lye was of the
correct strength, as I have said. In order to learn this, the soap maker
floated either a potato or an egg in the lye.
If the object floated with a specified amount of its surface
above the lye solution, the lye was declared fit for soap making.
Most of the
colonists felt that lye of the correct strength would float a potato or an egg
with an area the size of a nine pence (about the size of a modern 1p) above the
To make a weak lye stronger, the solution could either be
boiled down more or the lye solution could be poured through a new batch of
To make a solution weaker, water was added.
What is a BOV, and Do I Need One?
Firstly this is for Paul who texted in last week wanting to
know a bit about BOV’s.
A BOV or Bug Out Vehicle is some form of transport that
will take you away from your current location in a time of crisis or distress.
Almost anything that will move can be considered a potential BOV candidate.
That includes motor vehicles, animals, human powered devices or anything that
can carry or tow some kind of load.
The next question is “do I need one?”
The simple
answer is yes, it is very likely that you will need something to move you and
your stuff around at one time or another. Even if you are well set up in a
great location, there may come a time you will need to move.
I can’t elaborate
on what the circumstances may be to make you move, but I can make some
suggestions that will help you decide what you may require when that time
Firstly, how many, how far, how much, how often? This is
where you start to question what you need to move and how far you need to move
it. If it is just one person, and they have a small bag of things, then the
demands are not great.
However, if it is your whole family, and everything goes
with you including the kitchen sink, then you will need something more
How many?
So, how many people are included in the group that are
willing and able to move from your established location? Take into
consideration that if your group is large, some might not wish to go even if it
is against their better judgment.
Some of the group may have special requirements that will
take up more space, things that cannot be left behind like medical equipment or
Also consider that you may even have extra people to move
around. You never know what might happen, and if you can make provision for
these possibilities, within reason, more power to you.
How far?
Is your new location across the road, across the city,
across the county, across the country, maybe even across the world! You will
need to identify the location you wish to get to, and what might be required to
get there.
That includes consumables, possible repairs and any chance you might
have to adjust your course. Make allowances in your plan to get there via the
‘scenic route’.
How much?
This is what you plan to take with you if you do have to
move. If you are in a set location with good resources and a chance of living
well, then your absence may be short, until you can return.
In that case, short
term items are of prime consideration, with a few longer term items thrown in
just in case.
If you plan to bug out, and stay bugged out, then you will
have to take a lot of gear with you. You must make plans to take all that gear
with you safely and efficiently.
You may have to leave some of it behind, or
hide it until the time is right to retrieve it. You may have to hide some of
your gear beforehand to lessen the burden later on. This must all be considered
and factored into your plan.
How often?
Do you plan to move once, a few times or be continually on
the move? If it is just once, think about where that one move is going to, and
will you have to move again?
If the answer is yes, then your plans for the one move have
already failed. Also, if you plan to continually move, will you be able to stay
for an extended period in one spot if the circumstance permit?
You must be willing to be flexible in these plans, even if
you have no thoughts of going anywhere, it is wise to be prepared ahead of time
if the unthinkable occurs and you do have to move.
Different styles of travel require different modes of
transport, and the transport you select must be able to follow those plans, or
you aren’t going anywhere!
In the end, if you plan to survive for a long time, you will
very likely have to move around a little no matter how well prepared you are,
as even the best-laid plans sometimes fail.
Whichever way you
decide to go, a good reliable BOV should always be placed high on the list of
needs, even if it is just as an emergency.
Emergency Action Procedure
Always save yourself first. You cannot help anyone else if
you are dead. Nobody else can help you once you are dead either.
Once you are out of further harm’s immediate way, you can
try to save the other survivors that are with you
Mental Preparedness
Your mind is you most effective tool and your most lethal
Believing “it cannot happen to you” is an extremely
dangerous attitude. This belief prevents you from rapidly accepting a survival
situation as it really is and reacting to it immediately.
You must have the will to survive. If you want to survive,
you probably will. If you don’t, you almost certainly won’t.
Physical Preparedness
The more physically fit you are, the better your chance of
Develop the strength and stamina to cope with fatigue and
loss of sleep.
Develop excellent safety habits.
Always inform a responsible person as to where you’re going
and when you will return before going. If you fail to return or report in
within a reasonable time, they can make sure that help will be on the way.
Learn basic knowledge of fieldcraft
How to find or make shelter
How to start, tend and use a fire
How to find and purify water
How to signal for help
How to find food
How to treat common injuries and illnesses
Navigation with and without map and compass.
Mentally and physically rehearse your emergency procedures
until your actions in a crisis become completely automatic. This will provide
you with strong self-confidence. It will also allow you to perform all
necessary actions instinctively even if you are severely injured and are in a
half conscious state.
Survival Equipment
Be prepared
The most important survival tool is knowledge. The more you
know, the less you have to carry with you.
The only survival tools that matter are the ones that you
have with you when there is an emergency.
The more you try to carry, the more likely it is to be left
at home.
If you equip yourself with a few small well selected items
and always keep this with you, it will significantly improve your chance of
In a survival
emergency, you may experience:
Reduced capacity from injury or illness.
Extreme cold or heat.
Sleep deprivation, fatigue, exhaustion.
Fear and anxiety.
Always do first things first:
Remember the Rule of Three’s:
Not thinking – 3 seconds before you die
Arterial wound – 30 seconds before you die
Air deprivation – 3 minutes before you die
Exposure – 30 minutes before you die
Dehydration – 3 days before you die
Starvation – 30 days before you die
Poor Hygiene and Nutrition – 3 months before you die
Loneliness & Boredom – 30 years before you die
Work the problem from the top of the list down!
Immediate action
React to warning signals immediately. Sometimes a survival
situation occurs with absolutely no warning of any kind. In most cases there is
a moment of realization that something is going to happen just before it does.
This is precisely the moment that your instinctive reaction can save your life.
Get out of any further harm’s way immediately!
Do not let fear or pain prevent you from doing what you need
to do.
Try to get any other survivors out of harm’s way.
Treat any serious wounds you have.
Treat other injured survivors for shock; initiate any
lifesaving medical treatment necessary.
Find or make shelter and get out of the elements.
Take stock of yourself, your equipment, and your supplies.
Carefully ration what you have. Don’t waste anything you may
Scout the immediate area and plan where and how to obtain
more of what you need. Familiarity with your new environment will give you
Learn to improvise. If you open your eyes, and your mind you
will discover the means you need to help you survive are always around you.
Believe in the ends, and the means will show themselves.
Find a source of fuel
Build a fire
Find a source of water
Purify water
Get hydrated and stay hydrated
Prepare emergency signals to get help, if you need it.
Believe that you will be rescued but never pin all of your hopes for survival
on someone else helping you. Do not stop doing what you need to do in order to
survive while you wait.
Clean and bandage wounds
Implement proper hygiene to prevent infection and intestinal
Check casualties for clothing, tools and supplies. The dead
have no needs. Remove anything that is potentially useable as quickly as
possible. Identify, cover, remove and bury casualties
Never, never, never give up.
Survive, adapt, overcome.
Conserve your strength.
Avoid working to complete exhaustion. Exhaustion causes
accidents and leads to fatal decisions. To test for exhaustion. Look up at sky,
if it appears to be receding you need to get some sleep.
Take it easy. Rest as much as you can.
In a survival situation, unless there is a medical
emergency, saving your energy is infinitely more important than trying to save
Only move as much and
as fast as you have to.
In a survival situation you must look at the return on
investment from everything you do. Always consider EROEI (Energy Returned On
Energy Invested). Do not expend an ounce of sweat to get a half ounce of water
or 1000 calories to get 800 calories of food. In the long run, these are not
sustainable investments.
Stop, Think, Plan,
Do, Check, Act
Observe your environment. Nature always provides all of the
necessities for survival. The fact that our species has established itself in
every corner of the Earth is proof of this.
It takes common sense, knowledge and ingenuity to adapt and
take advantage of the resources available.
Learn as much as you can about what or whom you are dealing
Each type of survival environment calls for its own special
survival techniques.
Think first, act later. Don’t go in haste without goals or
reflection. Wait until you are fully conscious of your situation.
A bad plan is better than no plan at all. However, you
should not take needless risks. You must keep your plans flexible and
continuously adapt to new information and the changing environment around you.
Discretion is the better half of valour. If following your original plan will
put you in further peril, stop, think back off, and find another solution or
way around.
Remember that if you want to survive, you cannot afford the
luxury of an accident or a mistake now. Some accidents and mistakes cannot be
avoided. Most can. A lot of accidents occur because at a subconscious level,
the victim wants the accident to happen. This can be motivated by feelings of
guilt, a desire to be punished, to escape some responsibility, to gain
sympathy, or to get help from others. Be aware of this threat.
Stay or Walk Away
Determine your
Determine whether it is better to stay with vehicle or
travel for help
Remember that vehicles are much easier for searchers to find
than people.
If you stay where you are, someone will eventually find you.
The key question is whether or not they will find you in time to save you.
Laying out signals may help searchers and lead to your
rescue. If they do not find you, you must be able to cross obstacles and
navigate your way to safety.
Do not attempt to travel in severe weather, or if you are
exhausted, injured or confused.
Do not separate parties or travel alone if it can possibly
be avoided
If you decide to travel, leave a detailed plan with the
Mark your path as you go so that others can more easily
track you and so that you can find your way back if needed.
Make a map and keep a detailed log to help you find your way
back if needed.
Travel along watersheds frequently leads to civilization
eventually. However, traveling along a watershed typically leads through
marshes, thickets, etc. and may easily triple the distance you have to travel.
Straight line travel may be best if you know where you need to go.
Prepping For The What Ifs and The Oh Nos!
The flooding disaster that hit the North East and many other
parts of the UK this year was bad enough to leave over 80,000 people without
power which meant no lighting, heating, hot food, or baths and showers.
These floods happened in what would normally have been our
spring time seeing only a fraction of the actual rainfall that fell in such a
short period of time.
Without doubt, being prepared for the what ifs and the oh
no’s, makes sense.  Whether or not you
feel compelled to prepare at the level of those practised by the Doomsday
Preppers – a popular TV show on the Discovery Channel, because of their
heightened awareness for disasters;
I believe this group offers a lot of great
tips for consideration when creating plans to protect your family and assets.
If a flood disaster were to hit your town today as has
already hit many here in the North East, are you prepared at all to hang in
there for the necessary time it would take to put the pieces of normalcy back
in place?  If not, listen up because that
is what this show is all about, helping you get prepared.
I first considered prepping way back in the 80’s when
involved in civil defence and other things closely connected to it and it was
obvious then that if I survived an attack from the Warsaw Pact then I would
need to learn how to survive post attack.
9/11 reminds us that not all disasters are natural
disasters, and 9/11 did point out significant issues with disaster preparedness
and response, 7/7 brought it home to the British public, who now had to contend with living with
people who actually planned to do us all harm, and the realisation that they
were vulnerable and that perhaps they too should plan to survive post an
If we are lucky to get pre-warnings, can you be ready to go
with all the important things already considered, some basics already packed so
you can evacuate on a moment’s notice?
If you had no warning and found yourself trapped where you
were, could you hang in there with meals, water, basic first aid and more until
help arrived?  If the answer to any of
these is no, then you need to start thinking about how you need to protect your
family and assets today, because it is not really an issue of IF, but when.
Disasters can strike at any time, and I want all of you to be prepared.
Prepping involves setting aside resources, and with finances
so tight for many, saving in any way, shape or form has become impossible.  That is why I am doing this show now, well
ahead of the next heavy floods – to give people time to add a few things to
their shopping trolleys as they go along since most can’t just go out and shop
for all the supplies at once.
We can never know what exact disaster to expect, although
the risk for some are higher than others. What are some of the disaster risks
to keep in mind when prepping?
What do you think realistically are the most generic
preparations that a person should have in place to encounter most types of
possible disasters?
In flooding disasters, the personal loss is so excessive,
and many even lost proof of their identity – loss of your driver’s license,
birth certificates, passports and more.
In the planning process, what are some strategies for keeping vital
documents safe and within reach for escape?
Now some people have been known to decide to remain in their
homes rather than leave when they are warned. Heavy flooding can led to sewage
and rats surrounding homes.
contamination, downed trees, power cuts and more.   Let’s talk about having an escape plan, and
what that includes.
What if computers were down and basically service came to a
complete halt as computers can easily be down because of lack of access to
electricity or damage to a location.
With the credit /debit card swipe habit, most of us no longer carry cash
on us.
Let’s talk a bit about financial preparation for a disaster.
Sometimes there isn’t a large scale disaster, just personal
ones that impact a single family.  These
days, zero income homes are a stark reality for some.  It seems to me that the preparations I just
discussed for preparing for a financial disaster would have come in handy for
those who lose a job unexpectedly, or have to quit a job to care for an ill
partner or loved one.
Preppers are prepared to be self-sufficient for up to
several years.  However, for those just
getting started, let us break down the basic prep into stages of time say:  How much more of the basics I just
mentioned do we need to get by for say 3 days?
7 days? Two weeks?
What are the most basic skill sets, if any, listeners should
consider getting?
It is said we are only 3 meals away from anarchy, that is
approximately one day. 
Preppers talk about this a lot, and so many are
secretive about their prepping in anticipation of neighbours and friends
becoming aggressive about getting access to your stuff.


Disaster Prepping Hits The Mainstream
I’m not sure when the tipping point occurred, but at some
point recently the “prepper” movement exploded and became mainstream.
Preppers are folks who detect the possibility of calamity
and decide to increase their odds of surviving it by putting aside supplies.
“stocking up” — essential throughout most of humanity’s existence — was common
in the United Kingdom up until advances in transportation logistics brought
about the “just in time” shipping model.
Suddenly, we could get almost any supplies delivered fresh
and year-round to massive community 24 hour supermarkets. What our grandparents
called “lean times” became a thing of the past for even the poorest of us.
The expectation that we could always get whatever we wanted
whenever we wanted it took a couple of hard jolts around the turn of the 21st
century: predictions regarding the “Y2K bug” created a resurgent interest in
self-sufficiency, which was further rekindled by the 9/11 terror attacks, the
7/7 London attacks and the foreign wars our politicians have got us into.
A decade later, fears of nuclear terrorism, misunderstood
popular views about the end of the Mayan calendar, and ginned-up fears of
catastrophic climate change, economic collapse, and violent weather patterns
have grown what was once a fringe culture.
Modern prepping has come a long way from the survivalists of
the late 1990s. That wave focused on military supplies, weapons, and tactics,
and was in many ways limited by their options.
Earlier survivalists had even fewer options — they focused
on hoarding and protecting supplies in remote cabins. Yet today’s preppers have
a dizzying array of gourmet shelf-stable foods, “green” power options, and even
custom-built housing to meet their particular survival needs. Additionally,
enterprising companies now cater to nearly every desire the preppers can dream
National Geographic’s Doomsday Preppers series featured an
episode with prepper Peter Larson, and displayed the work of Paul Seyfried and
Utah Shelter Systems. An underground bunker built by Utah Shelter Systems was
the core of the Larson family’s preparation plans, and with good reason.
The underground bunkers manufactured by the company and
shipped almost anywhere are designed to withstand nuclear, biological, and
chemical disasters, and being buried yards underground, they are secure from
all but the most determined marauders.
So what kind of person drops a bare minimum of $47,590 on a
complete shelter and tens of thousands more on land, installation, and
provisioning? Mr. Seyfried fiercely guards the confidentiality of his client
list, but will volunteer that it includes “international bankers, hedge fund
managers, attorneys, doctors, oil company geologists, business men, and movie
Like any business, the bunker business has cycles and has
seen business expand and contract as events bring awareness of their products.
After 9/11, the company experienced an increase in sales in the Northeast,
centred around New York.
Texans have purchased the largest number of shelters,
and they range across the Southeast and Southwest, typically as shelters
against the common natural disasters that strike the southern part of the
country. The most commonly purchased shelter is the $60,750-plus 10′x50′
shelter which offers the best cost per square foot, and customers typically
order more bunks to add capacity.
Most bunkers go to individual families, but
there are some small bunker communities of well-heeled preppers coming together
for mutual support.
Disasters aren’t the only thing preppers are spending their
dollars on. Some look at the economy and prep for the very real possibility of
While some might be preparing against floods others might be
preparing against drought or unemployment. I think the major thing that
connects our customers is a sense of independence and self-sufficiency. They
want to be prepared for anything that may be in the future — whether that is a
natural disaster, a man-made disaster, or unemployment.
Preppers are also cognizant of the fact that if an event
does strike, being prepared is just part of the equation. As we witnessed in
New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina, even the normally law-abiding will resort
to out-of-character barbarism if they think it necessary to ensure their
survival or the survival of their families.
The past response to the threat of violence has typically
been to acquire firearms, preferably guns with more capacity and range than
anyone you expect to be causing trouble. It hasn’t been until recently that the
thought of stopping any inbound fire has become socially acceptable.
A company
called US PALM is in the process of changing that by creating and successfully
marketing body armor designed for the civilian market.
The media still demeans the more extreme preppers making
bizarre preparations for what most people consider unrealistic scenarios — such
as polar shifts or the Mayan apocalypse — but with the current global economic
situation, the carnage of recent natural disasters, and the fragility of power
grids, other scenarios are no laughing matter.
“Putting things by” like our
grandparents did is now regarded by many as a wise investment against uncertain
times, and like any market, there are smart businesses willing to cater to this
growth market.
Choosing a BOL Location
If your BOL comes under attack here is the priority of
defence – Person(s), Water, Food, Fire making, Shelter.
It may sound illogical
not to include weapons in the top 5 however a resourceful prepper/survival
should be able to make a make shift weapon.
Accessibility to food and water is critical to a BOL. The
strong preference is to have the water and food source(s) within the confines
of the actual BOL. If not on the BOL very nearby, since going to get the
food/water consumes energy and time. Both will be in short supply once SHTF.
Stored Food – Store food in a location that is at the core
of your BOL. The location should be a critical OpSec item and not discussed
with anyone that has not been vetted. I highly recommend that your stored food
be stored in more than one location. Your stored food location should be
temperature controlled if possible (cellar, bunker, insulation, air flow),
water proof (or at least the containers the food is in)
Gowned food supplies should be spaced out to conceal the
crops, not to mention hide the numbers in the retreat. One can take an educated
guess of your numbers based on the amount of food being grown, even the amount
of waste being produced.
Raising livestock takes special care when looking for a BOL.
One has to ensure proper draining and terrain types for the livestock they plan
on raising. My preference is unless the BOL can be well defended stick with
smaller livestock that can be mobile such as chickens, ducks, rabbits and
As for wildlife when looking for a BOL look at maps to see
surrounding water sources and places where wildlife is likely to be. Also look
for signs of wildlife such as droppings, tracks and rubbings. Also talking with
local hunters will yield clues of where the local wildlife is.
Water is almost as critical as shelter for survival.
Well Water – Is the best source one can have since in most
prepper events the underground water table will be intact. The well needs to be
well defended since the well water can be accessed and tampered with in a
surgical strike. Also just because it’s from a water table does not mean it’s
safe to drink (ask anyone that has had a gasoline leak near their well). If
possible strike a well in sandy soil since the sand will act as a natural
A creek, river or pond is a good thing to have on one’s BOL
(a spring fed pond or creek being the best). The major issue with running water
is lack of control since most will run through one’s BOL and not start and stop
on it. Also it is not a source you can for the most part locate where it’s
tactically sound.
Much like stored food, make sure it’s in a core location.
Also make sure the container that you are using is designed for long term
liquid storage and if possible use layered storage methods so if one layer is
breached the other layer keeps the water/food intact.
This is a large and vague topic, the main reason is how
Defendable a BOL is depend on so many factors and is heavily dependent on the
person as well. In general you want a location in which access can be
controlled, in a location that is off the main path or blends in well with the
Also something that would de-tract from the area is useful (like
having an apartment a couple of blocks from a megastore, looters are more
likely to target the megastore before targeting the apartment).
If you are low on manpower the object will be to make the
BOL as shabby and unoccupied as possible. If you have the manpower then you
want to do the opposite and make the BOL as foreboding as possible.
A hill is a
double edged sword in that it makes one able to see a greater distance however
bad guys can see the BOL from a greater distance.
Starting a Vegetable Garden From Scratch
I am not a gardener but my mate John is- Thanks John
If you’ve ever thought of starting a vegetable garden from
scratch then start well here is how.  I
will tell you everything you need to know about starting your first veg plot.
Is your back garden just a waste of space or do you have a
few square feet with potential? Are you past the stage of needing a big lawn
for football and could you reclaim some of it for vegetable beds?
If none of
this applies, are there some allotments nearby, or, as a starting point, do you
have room for a few big pots on a terrace, balcony or window ledge?
There are few more balancing and rewarding ways to spend an
hour or two a week than growing even a little of your own vegetables. Let this
be the year when you start to grow your own – it will then almost certainly
become a lifetime’s habit.
Over the years I’ve been growing veg, certain plants and
varieties have emerged clearly as front runners in the time/reward ratio. They
are quick and easy to grow, so that with little or no gardening experience,
they still do well and go on to form the basis of hundreds of free and
delicious meals over the next few months with very little sweat. This exercise
is not about growing every single edible plant you and your family eat.
You should continue to buy the things that are tricky, or
need too much TLC (such as red peppers and aubergines), or that take up tons of
room for months at a stretch and then only give you a minimal harvest (eg
Brussels sprouts, main crop potatoes and parsnips).
These are the crops of the devoted, almost full-time veg
grower with lots of space, not high-priority plants for those of us who prefer
to dip in and out of a vegetable patch, with almost instant rewards and
abundant, self-perpetuating harvests.
The key here is to choose as many cut-and-come-again plants
as possible, which you can harvest from on a Monday for supper and, by the
following Monday, will have grown back with more for you to eat,
Even if you’ve never sown a packet of seed before, you’ll be
bringing in baskets of salad, herbs and veg from just outside your back door in
a few weeks. I’ll try to cover all the basics about site and soil, as well as
what to grow.  I’ll cover where to put
the patch and how to clear the ground, getting rid of lawn or weeds, and then
how to keep on top of the weeds once the plot is cleared.
Then I’ll cover how to structure the space, giving a simple
and flexible layout and help you work out whether to create raised beds or not,
and what to do with the soil. I will also include companion planting (mixing
two plants closely together for beneficial effect) and tips on how to make your
productive patch look good. Well planned, these abundant plots are often the
best-looking areas of a garden.
Go out into the garden and work out the best possible place
for your plot. If you have the choice, it’s good to grow veg in the kind of
sunny, sheltered spot where you might want to sunbathe. Most of the plants
going into the patch are annuals.
They are working with a short timescale and need
to grow rapidly. To enable them to put on this performance, they need all the
help they can get and plenty of food to fuel this growing process. That’s only
possible in full sun, so avoid overhanging trees and shade-throwing sheds and
buildings as far as possible.
As well as sun, many plants such as tomatoes and cucumbers
need shelter from the wind. They won’t grow well if rocked at their roots and
their leaves will blacken with wind burn.
Try fencing panels, hurdles or even think of planting a
permanent hedge on the windy, western side of the plot. These will give the
more delicate plants a chance of survival outside.
If you can’t find hurdles,
use a few straw bales for instant effect. These provide a cheap, but perfect
temporary wind break, which can be removed once the worst of the spring winds
are over in early May.
It’s worth knowing that a wind break will protect an area
about five times its height, so a two-metre hurdle protects for 10 metres.
With an intensive patch like this, make sure you clear the
soil of perennial and annual weeds before you plant.
If you want to be 100 per cent organic, you’ll need to clear
the grass (stack the turf somewhere upside down and it will compost into
beautiful top soil which you can put back into the beds in a few months), then
carefully dig it over, meticulously making sure you’ve got rid of any roots of
the nightmare invasive perennial weeds such as marestail (which looks like a
one-stem fir tree), couch grass, Japanese knotweed which is (tall, green and
pink stems looking slightly like rhubarb as it emerges), bindweed which has
(bright green, shield-shaped leaves and white trumpet flowers) or ground elder
(like a large flat-leaved parsley with mini, white, cow-parsley-like flowers).
To be sure of eliminating these (and if you’re prepared to
go the non-organic route), try spraying them off with glyphosate (found in
systemic weed killers) available at any garden centre.
Mix this to the recommended strength on the back of the pack
and on a very still day, very carefully spray off your patch, laying
weighted-down plastic sheeting around it to prevent any drift onto the
surrounding grass or flower beds. Leave it for two weeks or until any green has
browned, then dig over the ground.
If the perennial weeds are already cleared and only annual
weeds (for example, groundsel, with yellow flowers, bittercress with white
flowers and cress-tasting leaves, speedwell with pretty blue saucer flowers),
are your problem, it’s a good idea to cover the patch for a couple of weeks in
early spring.
This helps warm the soil so you can plant or sow a couple of
weeks earlier than if you left the patch open to the elements. Use sheets of
clear plastic. It warms and dries the soil, and – transparent – encourages the
germination of any dormant weed seed.
When you uncover the patch to plant, these are easily
cleared by hand or hoe and you will have a weed-seed-free bed.
The other key thing with weed control is to use a carpet of
mulch to prevent any weed seed that drifts in from germinating in your soil.
As you plant out your seedlings, lay a good 2in of mulch
(cheap municipal compost available from many town councils, mushroom compost or
leaf mould) in between your rows. This should make your patch relatively
weed-free through the summer and so easier to maintain.
A friend of mine with as you would say “a few bob”, asked my
opinion on what he should do with his cash now that he is pulling it out of the
My reply was simple: start preparing yourself and your family to be
self-sufficient. I’m far from being a doomsayer, but it is now no longer
whether hard times are coming, it’s simply a matter of when.
You can’t borrow yourself out of debt, and no matter how
much you try to nationalize financial institutions and throw good money after bad,
market forces and past mistakes that were not allowed to play out, as free
markets should, will eventually collect their toll.
The more money the bank of England prints to “save us,” the
worse inflation will be down the road. Couple all of that with a government
that wants to redistribute wealth that’s not theirs to play with, and we could
have the making of a disaster, the likes of which we’ve never seen
One thing’s for sure: this crisis has shocked a lot of
people into the real world, and they’re no longer listening to idiotic advice
from talking heads. Nowadays, learning how to survive literally is taking
precedence over learning how to survive the downturn of their 50(k).
The survival food industry is booming, training is on the
increase. In the mid-90s, the politicians and news media labelled the self
defence advocates and survivalists and Preppers as “kooks” and “conspiracy
Nowadays, the white collar businessman is joining that
mind-set, buying dehydrated food and not trusting the government to assure his
survival. The populace is scared and asking “what should we do,” but no one is
really responding to them on a level they can understand.
This article is not intended to be a long-term survival
plan, since that will vary with the location, skill level and special
circumstances of the people involved. It is, however, a survival plan that will
get you through the initial stages of a crisis, since this period always seems
to be the most dangerous.
Forget about buying gold and silver with your cash. Gold is
a good investment against inflation but a poor provider of calories. It’s even
harder to trade for usable goods, since the average person knows little about
it, I would say.
The number-one priority should be buying food that can be
stored safely for a period of time. Dehydrated food and canned goods are the
way to go, since they don’t require power to keep them from spoiling when
properly rotated. How much should you buy? The “survivalist” standard is a one
year’s supply of food for those you intend to feed. That’s a lot of food, and
I’m not sure you will actually need that much to make it through the most
dangerous times of a crisis.
The main things we’re worried about in the coming months
(years) are 1) inflation driving food prices high, 2) sporadic food shortages
due to panic (as seen recently in Iceland), and 3) a hunger-based increase in
So, I suggest a minimum of 3 to 6 months’ supply of food for
those who cannot sustain themselves from their own land with established
gardens and crops. If you can afford more, then by all means buy more, since a
proper food storage program means never wasting and always rotating.
Whatever you do, DO NOT let anyone know about your food
storage program or where it’s located.
It is also wise to have potable water stored in case there’s
a disruption to your community’s water source or power grid. Plastic water
storage barrels and common bleach for purification are the best route. Do not
use your potable water for bathing. In a crisis it should be saved for drinking
purposes only.
Hands can be cleaned and sanitized using alcohol or
first-aid hand cleaners. Water from suspect sources can be boiled for cooking
purposes and to replenish your potable water. It should also be noted that
almost every home has at least 40 gallons of water already stored in their hot
water heater.
You should take an inventory of your first-aid cabinet and
get at least a six-month supply of your prescription medications. I realize
that most people will say that they cannot do this, since their doctor or
insurance will not allow that much at one time.
All you have to do is tell your doctor you are going on a
long trip and will be away from home for at least six months and you will be
able to buy a long-term supply of your meds. You may have to pay a little more
due to your insurance rules, but it’s worth it to have a stockpile of your
Once you have your prescriptions in place, make sure you
have extra pairs of glasses and also a plentiful supply of standard first-aid
supplies, such as wound management supplies, alcohol and other disinfectants,
OTC meds such as aspirin, Imodium, cold medications, etc.
If you would like to stock up on antibiotics and your doctor
won’t write a prescription, use a veterinary supply store. Vet antibiotics will
work just as good as human antibiotics, no matter what the college boys may
tell you. (Vet supply stores are also a good place to purchase general
first-aid items.)
Once you have everything in place, you may have to protect
yourself, your family and your supplies from the common street thug and or a
hungry person trying to feed his own family. The best way to do this is to not
let anyone know about your survival plan.
This includes your vicar and church members, Police,
government workers, next of kin, and anyone else you would normally trust with
your life. Trust no one now and you won’t be forced defend against them later.
While that may sound a little extreme, but I’ve seen on TV
people in countries with food shortages turn on each other to survive.
The bottom line is that while we may fantasize about
defending our family and food with weapons, most people are not mentally or
physically prepared to do it. My suggestion is to have a good home defence
shotgun. Backstop that with enough ammo and you’ll be good to go. Survival
works best when it’s kept simple and basic.
Making your home a hard target is something you can do now.
Installing a good alarm system that works on battery backup and is local
(meaning the alarm system notifies the homeowner instead of some rent-a-cop
monitoring a desk at an alarm centre) is a good start.
Outdoor infrared
security cameras are also great early warning devices for the occupants. Strategically
placed perimeter fencing and hedge rows with aggressive plants such as Prickly
Pear will make it more difficult for the criminal element to operate against
your home.
Burglar bars on windows (that can be opened from the inside
for escape) and steel entrance doors with dead bolts are other additions that
make your house a less-than-desirable target.
You have to remember that the
common thug is not that smart.
He’s looking for
easy, quick access to hit a target and escape. If you do not live in an area
that can be modified to be defendable, then move to a better location. If you
cannot move, then map out and practice an escape and evasion plan before a
crisis occurs.
How much cash to have on hand has always been a question for
which there is no definitive answer? There is no way to predict how inflation
will affect the pound’s value, but I still think that in the beginning of any
crisis, standard pounds will still be able to purchase items easier than gold,
simply due to the fact that our system, at this stage, is not set up to trade
in gold.
Keep enough cash to bribe or buy your way out of a problem
or pick up useful tools from other individuals. If I had to put a value on it,
I would say have at least a month’s wages in cash in a safe place in your home.
Other survival issues that one most look at for the long
haul are communication and energy questions. Knowing what’s going on in the
rest of the world will give the survivor key indicators on how to plan for the
future, when to move, and what to expect.
No home should be without a good short-wave radio capable of
receiving the full spectrum of AM, FM and short-wave bands. If you don’t have a
small solar charger and rechargeable batteries, then make sure you stock up
(and rotate) the batteries you will need when the lights go out.
If you live in a
remote location, then having a portable generator and extra fuel comes
in real handy for long-term survival scenarios. If you store fuel, be sure to
put stabilizer in it to keep it from going bad.
Also make sure you have spare parts and tools that may be
necessary to work on your generator, well pump, vehicle and other things that
you typically call a repairman to fix. If you’re not mechanically inclined,
then your library should include the books that walk you through the basic
concept of repairing everyday items.
Lastly, one thing that most people forget about when
preparing for a self-sufficient lifestyle is the type of clothing they buy.
I suggest always buying the best work-styled clothing you
can find. Forget about all the cool looking tactical clothing, since it usually
doesn’t hold up well in long-term situations and will simply make you a target
if anarchy comes to your street.
True survival is about working your ass off. Make sure your
clothes and boots are heavy enough to fit the bill and also make sure you have
the tools to repair any and all of your gear when needed.
There is no doubt in my mind that tough times are head of
us. How tough they will be is anyone’s guess, but the best bet is to always
plan for the worst and hope for the best.
Being able to survive long-term, means knowing a little bit
about everything and preparing in advance of a crisis.
As previously mentioned, survival is hard work that must be
practiced and performed every day of your life. This will probably weed out a
good portion of lazy people as being self-sufficient when a crisis hits.
This particular segment will become the moochers, looters
and criminals, taking advantage of the crisis and resorting to violence to take
what is not theirs. So, prepare now, don’t be obvious or outspoken about your
preparations, train your family well, keep your network small and be prepared
to face things you didn’t prepare for.
Do this and you will exponentially raise your chances of surviving
whatever the future holds.



As more catastrophes seem to be accelerating more and more I
am becoming convinced that the collapse of society is only a matter of time.
The true survivalist can feel that they are ready for the chaos, but without
actually experiencing these extreme adversities first hand are they?
In the military soldiers are conditioned and trained
beforehand and made to be as prepared as possible for the real hardships on and
off the battlefield. The survivalist can to be more mentally and physically
prepared for the falling apart of civilization that so many survivalists and
the general public feel is inevitable.
Self-reliance also has to do with being ready for the sudden
loss of everything we all have become way too accustomed to.
Experiencing a
type of mock realism can get you more mentally prepared for when society starts
to quickly disintegrate around you.
The following tips (suggestions) should
help you, ‘the survivalist/prepper cope better when things do start to fall
See what it is like to go without the utilities such as
electricity by turning them off for at least a couple of hours.
Go at least 24 hours without electronic conveniences; no
computer, no television, no cell phone, etc. This will be a wakeup call for
The internet will not be there after many catastrophes,
become use to receiving information from other sources such as books.
Spend some nights using only candles and or battery operated
lights to illuminate the darkness.
Start storing rainwater and start watering your plants and
garden with it.
Try cooking some of your meals using a solar oven, barbecue,
fire pit, something not dependent on the electric or gas companies.
Flush the toilet for one day or more using only water you
have previously stored, or use a portable toilet.
Instead of throwing away a piece of damaged clothing, try to
repair it, sew it, then wear it again.
Take any household item and write down every creative way
you can use it.
Find other means of some of your trash disposal, something
else rather than the city or county trash pick up services.
Have a fake imaginary illness and fictionally treat that
sickness with only what you have available to you in your home.
Gather your family and even your friends together that feel
like you do, and see what it like for all of you to be confined to a smaller
Use ‘other” means of cooling or heating your home for a few
days that is of course safe.
Actually walk or bicycle to run some of your errands other
than using a motor vehicle.
Start spending some very quiet time alone. You may have to
be alone after ‘it’ happens.
Try using alternative means of bathing occasionally, like
using one of those solar showers, or heating water over a fire to be used to
bathe with.
See what ingenious gadget made from junk you can think of to
make hard times easier.
Try washing dishes and clothes on occasion without using the
dishwasher or washing machine, dry clothes on a clothes line.
Experiment by trying to purify dirty polluted water, without
drinking it, and see how clean you can get it.
Scavenger hunt. Take some time and collect everything, not
hazardous, you find on the ground and ask yourself, what can I do and use what
I have?
Take along a pad of paper and write down everything you see
at a park or recreation area. Observation skills will help you stay alive
better after chaos breaks loose.
Try to locate someplace off the beaten path using only a
paper map, compass, or landmarks.
Spend some days outdoors when the weather is miserable (not
dangerous), like raining all day long, you may have to live this way in the
See how fast you can get your essentials together and ready
to leave.
If you plan to stay where you are, thoroughly become
familiar with every street, landmark, trees, houses, etc. within 2 miles of
your home, walk the area often.
The truly “ready” survivalist should be training themselves
to be prepared to undergo things that are going to be vastly different and very
difficult to adjust to and handle. By using some or all of these  prep tips now and before the aftermath of
“the nightmare” that is coming, you will be more adapt at handling it.
Add your
personal preparation exercises to this to make you even more mega disaster
Packing your BOB
There are a few types of Bug-Out bags out there; I generally
put them into 2 categories… They each serve a specific purpose.
The Get Home Bag is usually stored in a vehicle or at work.
It is used to give you the essentials you would need to get back to your home
in case of emergency while you are away.
The Bug Out Bag is Used to get from wherever you are to your
pre-planned Bug-Out location or other location of relative safety.
If you are going to bug out by car, you have a lot more
choice in equipment and gear selection as you have much more room to pack gear.
However you must also plan for the worst case scenario, which would be having
to hump your gear on your back.
Pack only essentials! I am here to tell you
that every ounce counts, and saving even 1 pound worth of gear that you don’t
have to drag along with you will make your life much better.
Be careful and deliberate in your gear selection, don’t
sacrifice light weight for something that isn’t durable. Remember that what you
have is it-Make sure you buy quality gear that will serve you for the
long-haul. You probably won’t be able to replace any of it soon
There are so many kinds, makers and styles from the plain-jane
to the Uber Tacti-Cool models. What should you look for??
Well as far as size goes, usually bigger is better. I would
rather have more room than less. I would try to resist the urge to pack it to
the gills. For some reason, if I have extra space I try to fill it up with more
stuff. Try to remember you are going to have to carry this thing for
(sometimes) many, many miles.
It does you no good to have a bag that weighs in
at 1 ton fully loaded out if you can’t pick it up. Make sure that you can sling
it on your back by yourself, there may come a time you have to…
Take a close look at the stitching on the bag. Make sure
that it is solid, and double stitched (at least). Inspect the straps, I like
wide straps that have a high load-bearing rating to them. Ensure it is
generously padded as your bag can get awful rough to carry when it is digging
into your back and shoulders etc…
I prefer a Polymer or Aluminum framed bag with a good waist
belt to it. This makes distributing the weight of the pack more even and easier
to carry.
If it has zippers, I like large polymer teeth rather than
the close-together zipper teeth. This allows for a more secure bag, and reduces
the chance that the zipper will have a sudden failure. Nothing stinks worse
than having a large portion of your gear dropping out of your bag or worse,
having it fly down the side of a hill or into another area where you can’t get
it back.
I would also suggest a bag that has Molle-style attachment
points to it. This makes it easier to attach other gear to it and remove it
easily. I would put things on there that you may want to get to in a hurry
(like medical gear) and not have to download most of your bag to get to it when
you need it.
Now let’s move on to some things you will want to fill your
bag with:
Try to remember that you may be in this for the long-haul so
you will need both warm weather and cold weather gear!



I prefer a lightweight Hiking style boot, that allows for
ventilation and water drainage. There are also some nice swim-style shoes on
the market that won’t take up much space in your bag and can come in handy.
Bring a few pairs of socks, something that will keep your
feet warm and will wick moisture away from your feet. You won’t be able to
travel, gather food and water or do most things if your feet are out of action.
I am a fan of the lightweight rip-stop style of pants. This
is a place where military surplus gear is just fine in my opinion. Make sure
you have some under-layer garments available to insulate them when it gets
The rip-stop pants are lightweight and not designed for any serious cold
weather insulation by themselves.
Bring both long sleeve and short sleeve shirts. Again,
select a material that will wick moisture away from your body. This will keep
you more comfortable when it is hot, and keep you from losing body heat when it
is cold!
A sturdy belt will allow you to carry your gear that you
need close at hand. I like the British Army pistol belts as they are study,
have a buckle that has a high load bearing weight rating.
Keep a “woolly cap” and/or balaclava type mask available for
when it gets cold. A bandana can be used to keep the sun off you as well.
Sunglasses- protect your eyes! Get something that is UV
rated, my all-time favourites are the Survival I shield from Survival Metrics
they are UV rated and store in a small 35mm type of canister.
Consider a lightweight breathable Parka for cold weather. A
light windproof jacket is also a must. A tactical vest that you can load out
with your essential “at-hand” gear is also a nice option.
Even though you can make your own shelters with materials at
hand, it may also be handy to have some equipment on hand to make the process a
little easier.
Sleeping Bags- are a nice option, but take up a lot of
space. If you go this route, get one that compacts down and is as lightweight
as possible.
Space blankets are lightweight and compact, but don’t have a
long service life. They are useful as a waterproofing method when you make a
shelter out of natural materials. I know they are supposed to reflect body
heat, but are only effective if there is an air pocket between you and the
They are almost a “one use” kind of item, as they are very easy to
puncture. They are also very noisy if that is of concern to you.
A decent option for one person is a hammock as they are
lightweight and compact. All you need are 2 trees. It will also get you up off
the ground and away from creepy-crawlies.
Probably most peoples favourite shelter option is a tarp.
They are very versatile and you can insulate them by putting natural materials
on top. You can use them from a stand-alone tent, to ground cover, and
water-catcher when it is raining.
They can be a little heavy depending on the
type you get but can be folded up to fit in a relatively small space, and you
can use them over and over. They are also easy to repair with a little Duct
A MUST HAVE in your kit is a survival blade. While I carry
the Utility multi lite on me every day, you would be hard pressed to find me
without a fixed blade knife if I am in the woods or just think I may need it
for more serious work.
I would suggest having at least a couple available in your
bag and one or two on your person you can access readily. From cutting cordage,
dressing an animal, making tent stakes and fire starting tools to a last ditch
defensive tool, a knife is almost too handy not to have one on you at all
I carry the Chris Caine Companion while out in the wilderness.
Axes and machetes are also useful tools, given the choice between
the two I would pick a sturdy machete. You will find it more useful in clearing
brush and even certain chopping jobs than a hand axe is.
Don’t forget to pack away a way to re-sharpen your knives
and tools. A good diamond knife sharpener is the way to go. You can get a lot
of use from it, and there are models that fold down to a very small package.
A few disposable lighters (in waterproof containers) are
must haves. I say have as many fire starting methods available to you as
possible. That being said- keep a small magnifying lens
Ferro rod (or flint
steel) and magnesium fire starting equipment in your bag. Learn/practice more
“primitive” methods of fire starting before you need to use them for real.
Bow-Drills, Hand-Drills, Fire-Pistons (just to name a few) have been in use
long before we invented the disposable lighter or matches. So I recommend using
these other methods as interesting and even fun and keeping your “sure fire”
methods of fire starting in reserve,
for when getting a fire going now may be a matter of life and death.
There is no way you can carry enough water in a Bug-Out bag
to sustain you long term. It takes up too much space and is way too heavy.
keep water purification items in your bag to purify the water you find along
the way. Iodine, Bleach, Tabs and water filters. and carry a Camelbak to
sustain you between fill-ups.
Also another area that you are not going to be able to carry
enough of to sustain you for an indefinite amount of time is FOOD. Things I do
suggest you pack in your bag are MRE style meals, Freeze Dried Meals, Emergency
Ration Bars, Honey, Peanut Butter.
This is not the time to be worried about fat or calorie
content or rather, yes it is. You will be expending a tremendous amount of
Calories, even more if it is cold outside.
Calories are King, and the more you
have access to the better off you will be.
A personal medic bag to treat injuries that may occur is a
must. Even a small wound in the field can turn into a major life-threatening
problem if not treated promptly and properly.
At a minimum I would keep: Sterile Gauze, Cohesive gauze
(sticks to itself), Clotting agents (cellox, quick clot) for more serious
wounds, Tourniquet, Oral and/or Nasal Airway, Cravats, Antibacterial ointments,
Safety Pins, Duct Tape, Benadryl, Skin stapler or suture, scalpel, tweezers,
Burn ointment or dressing, Pain relievers and various sorts and Gloves.
Keep an ample supply of any medications you may be taking
for chronic health issues. Also if you have a good Doctor, he/she may write you
a prescription for small amounts of antibiotics and pain meds that can be used
in emergency situations.
Keep a few books (paper kind, no batteries needed) on
survival skills, medical procedures/treatment, plant identification and the
like available for reference. You can also make your own “Prompt Sheets” on
things like water purification, emergency medical procedures… and get them
This way they will not be destroyed if they get wet, or torn when
shifting around in a Bug Out bag.
Navigational equipment (compass-not just the one that may be
built into your GPS or Watch), Maps, a cooking pot (for cooking and water
purification), flashlight(s) and spare batteries-I prefer rechargeable, Solar
charger for recharging your electronic gear, a quality multi-tool, Duct Tape,
Paracord, wire (or other) saw, fishing/trapping equipment, sewing needles and
thread for clothing repairs, personal hygiene products, Passport/ID,
savings/checking and other account numbers, Immunization records (if you have
them), Money and/or and precious metals that could be used for
barter/trade/purchase if the possibility arises.
I know it sounds like
a lot, and it is. Just remember that everything you select must have a viable
and essential purpose. Always have backup methods available for the most
important issues such as: Starting Fire, Food gathering, Water purification,
Shelter and Medical needs.
Keep an eye on any expiration dates on items like:
Medications, Food rations, sterile medical packages and other gear. Rotate them
out as they expire.
Don’t let putting
together a Bug Out bag intimidate you, you have probably done one already.
Every time you go on holiday you pack a suitcase, it’s just a scaled-down
version of a Bug Out bag. It just isn’t as in depth.

How to Choose a

When disaster strikes, you need a safe place for you and the
ones you care about to keep your heads down: your bug out location.
The basic
idea is to get out of harm’s way to a prepared area with supplies and gear
which can sustain you. Choosing where to locate this prepared area is an
important decision that requires planning
Before getting into your personal remote location belonging
to you, it is important to note that depending on the kind of disaster and its
reach, your best bet may be to drive to another county to stay with a relative.
Your bug out location does not need to be an isolated piece of owned property,
and if you do have family connections you can leverage, it may be your best
This is one of the first things you need to consider
At first thought, a bug out location would be as far away as
possible from your home to ensure the best odds that whatever disaster it is
will not impact you. While there are definitely some merits to the very remote
location, there are some drawbacks to consider.
First, if your intention is to stock this location with
supplies, you have to understand how difficult stocking it will be if you live
extremely far away. If it’s too remote, stocking it from the nearest shop may
also be an ordeal.
While you should have extra fuel anyway, an extra-long
journey presents greater fuel risks, and at minimum, forces you to carry a
little more.
If your location is very far from your house, you may be
very unlikely to ever want to go to it when there is no disaster.
If you are spending hard-earned money on rural land, you
should want to be able to take advantage of it as a quiet, natural holiday
space, and so if it’s prohibitively far away, you lose that advantage.
If there is a disaster where you’re on the fence about
whether or not to bug out, the pain in the bum distance might dangerously deter
you from leaving.
That said, quite obviously the location has to be a decent
distance away from your main home, otherwise there’s a risk that whatever
disaster has convinced you to bug out will impact your bug out location as
Depending on where you like, a good two hour drive is probably
How you choose your Bug-Out-Location will depend on further
factors, such as:



Can you afford to purchase your own location
Do you have a trusted group of people that can purchase a
location together
Is it easy for you to get to
Can you get there if you had to walk
Is it safe from the same or other potential hazards
If you’re lucky enough that you can afford to purchase your
own location or to get in on one with some other people you will want to look
for a location that is preferably in a different region from your main living
The best site will be property you can purchase that also has access
to water, hunting, wood, and enough space to grow your own food. Also take into
consideration the security of the location as well.
If others can find it or know where it is, and you have
supplies stocked up there is the chance that they could be gone before you get
there or even worse taken over and occupied.
Again, as I have already said consider how long it would
take for you to get to the location. If you’re traveling alone and have the
knowhow to survive the more remote and further away you can make your location.
If you have a family that you need to take care of you MUST consider locating
your Bug-Out-Location closer and will likely have to make it more accessible.
What if you’re not lucky enough to be able to afford your
own property? The first thing I would do is find a relative or even a friend
who lives in a remote rural location.
At the very least find a relative or
friend that lives outside of the region in which you live that will not be
impacted by the same event that would cause you to leave and seek shelter.
Once you choose the relative or friend, talk to them about
your plans, and as a start offer to set them up at your location if something
should happen to cause them the need to leave their location.
Once you agree to
work together in this respect, you can work together to get supplies and set up
your Bug-Out-Location.
As a last resort you can always use the option of Bugging-In
which is when you choose to stay put and wait out any event.
Not the best
option especially in a fire or flood situation and you’ll be taking your life
into your own hands.
A Tough Question
My wife asked me yesterday, what I plan to do with family
members who don’t prep, in the event of an actual SHTF emergency.
My brothers and sister and their families are
some of those non-preppers, even though they know all about my views on that
subject.  On a side note, does it tarnish
my prepper credibility when I can’t even convince my own siblings to prep?
I think that there are two questions in my Wife’s question,
firstly will I help them if the SHTF? how far do I plan on helping, in terms of
number of people/days? And if at all, I am going to help them in the first
These are questions I feel that every prepper must ask
themselves when they start prepping, and it probably needs to be re-asked every
few years or so as situations change.
I figure the answer to the first question will depend on the
type of the emergency.
If it’s a small local emergency, like a house fire,
flood or say the loss of their roof in high winds then yes, I am of course
going to help them.
I can offer them a place to stay. I know my food preps would
feed the family for some time.
What about a major SHTF event?
No one is perfect, in fact we all have weak points and
perhaps illness’s to. What they may not have in health, they could make up for
with experience, knowledge and skills.
Bringing extra adults (who you know) into my group would
help greatly as there would be even more people to forage food and fire wood
etc. and also allow for some sort of guard rota to be set up.
Remember if there are long standing fractions between you
and the proposed incomers then stop, think, and re-think, can you handle that
level of friction and argument? Do you need it?
Perhaps joining up is not going
to be good for you, perhaps all you can offer is some of your prepps as you
decide to not let them in.
Before any of this happens and you are faced with a decision
of the heart, why not plan for what you would do IF this situation arose in the
first place.
Work out, (knowing your family members etc.) how much extra
food and water etc. You would need if they joined your group.
How long that food and water would last and where they all
would sleep. As preppers we usually only prep for our immediate family so in
this case the numbers change and we must take this into account.
Perhaps the actual question is, would I help in the first
place, are my family behind any decision I make? can I afford to provide
exactly the same quality of prepps for my extended family as I do for my
immediate family?
If I and my family
agree to help then should my extended family members help me financially in
some way as it is they who will benefit should SHTF
My sister and her family live near Birmingham 130 miles
away, one brother and his family live down south 135 miles away and the other
and his family live about 15 miles away.
Two are too far away to make it here
if the SHTF, which means I don’t really only have one to prep for. And on one
level, it is not good because I love them dearly, and want them to make it too.
I think that it might help me and my conscience if I inform
my brothers and sister that I cannot be there from them all and perhaps include
information on what to do to start prepping for themselves in the future and
explain that not to do so is very serious indeed, in fact I would go so far as
to say it would be like planning to not survive.
In conclusion I would finish by telling them that I have
planned for me and my immediate families’ survival and ask them not to rely on
knocking on my door.
As I have said many times before, this question is one of the
toughest you will have to ask and now is the time to ask it.
Gather your
immediate family together and discuss it and come up with your own answer then
act on it.


Travelling with
Vehicles during a Crisis or Survival Situation
In case of an emergency or crisis situation it is good if
you have your vehicle in a good working condition and with some basic gear in
A vehicle can serve as transport for wounded or as fast transport during an
A vehicle intended to be used during evacuation is often
referred to as a Bug Out Vehicle (BOV). A car with four-wheel drive is good for
getting around in off road driving and if the roads are covered with snow. Make
sure that the fuel in your car doesn’t get too low, check the tyres regularly
and maintain a good service.
Make sure to keep your windscreen clean so can get
a good view. I strongly suggest that you get some extra rear view mirrors so
that your passenger can help you keep an eye out as well.
Every year over 3,300 people die in motor vehicle accidents
in the UK alone. When you are driving always take your time and use the
seatbelt. The faster you drive the more likely you are to get killed in an
Never drink alcohol or use drugs when driving. If the
weather is bad or the visibility low adjust your speed accordingly.
Smartphone’s and text messaging while driving are other activities that can
often result in accidents. Remember that even if you don’t engage in these
activities when you are driving others do. Stay alert.
There are combination safety tools with a seat belt cutter
and glass breaker that is very good to have in your car in case of an accident.
Victorinox has a model of the Swiss Army knife called Rescue Tool that has a
seatbelt cuter, glass breaker and other features.
A Bug Out Bag (BOB) or Get
Home Bag (GHB) in addition with appropriate clothing and footwear should be
brought along if you have to abandon your vehicle and make it back by foot.
Vehicle Emergency Equipment
First Aid Kit
Road Map, Compass and GPS
Things that help you stay warm; extra clothing, wool
blankets, sleeping bags. It may also be a good idea to include equipment to
build a fire and some handwarmers.
Some Water and Food
Some sources of Light; Flashlight or Headlamp and extra
Batteries (lithium). Chemical Light Sticks are a good addition if you have to
make reparations or change a tire during the night.
A signal vest is a useful
addition if you have to leave your vehicle during low visibility conditions
like a snowstorm or during the night.
Extra Fuel
Folding or Compact Shovel like the E-Tool
Axe, Chainsaw or Folding Saw
Short Wave Radio or Citizen Band (CB) Radio
Jack, Spare Tire , Tier Iron and Fix-A-Flat Spray.
Adjustable Wrench, Duct Tape and Screwdriver
Leather working Gloves and Latex Gloves
Fire Extinguisher
Driver License, Insurance Information, Registration and
Repair Handbook
Windshield Scraper and Towel
Snow Chains (for winter conditions)
Towing Cable
Jumper Cables
Secure all equipment. If you are in a car crash and haven’t
secured your equipment it may cause severe damage to you. Even light weight
items may become extremely dangerous in a high speed crash.
Some basic equipment can also be useful to have if you ever
get caught in a traffic jam. Especially during winter conditions people often
get stranded because of accidents and severe weather. If the weather is severe
I recommend that you either wait until the weather clears or take precautions
before you leave.
Anticipate that the travel may take much longer than you
first thought and bring extra clothing, a vacuum bottle with something warm to
drink, something to eat and water.
Make sure that you always travel with at least two persons
in every vehicle if possible.



Always travel with two vehicles or more if possible. If you
are travelling with two vehicles walkie-talkies are good tools for
communicating between the vehicles.
Make a radio check before you leave. The passenger should
act as radio operator and navigator.
Make sure to inform someone about where you are going, what
route you are planning to take, who is travelling in the party, what you are
planning to do and when you are planning to get back.
Also make sure that
everyone in the party that’s going knows this information.
Don’t let the distance between the vehicles get too big, if
you get pulled over at a check point make sure to park the vehicles close
together so that no one can get between the vehicles. When you park your car,
park in the direction you intend to leave.
Don’t leave any valuable items in plain view, for example on
the dashboard. Cover all equipment. Don’t carry fancy jewellery or expensive
watches in plain sight.
Close all the windows and lock the doors before you go.
Don’t have alcohol containers, illegal drugs or something
else that is illegal or can be seen as suspicious in your car. Be aware of your
passengers so that they don’t carry anything illegal.
Bikes are an excellent way to get around and really good
exercise. I suggest that you get a good reliable bike that you can use every
day and a mountain bike that you can use if you want to go off road. A bike
rack for your car is a good accessory if you want to take your bike with on a
camping or hiking trip.
The most important safety feature is off course a good
helmet, When you take your bike out I recommend that you carry your Pocket
Survival Kit and Folding Knife, Swiss Army Knife or a Multi Tool. Wenger has a
special Swiss Army knife called Biker 37
A good front light and a headlamp plus a red rear light are
good when you ride your bike at night. A small GPS unit that you can mount on
your bike is available from Garmin;
The Edge 705. Gaiters are good for keeping
your trousers away from the chain.
Checklist for other Equipment:
Puncture Repair Kit
Spare Valve
Adjustable Wrench or Barbell Spanner
Water Bottle or Water Bladder
Stick to what you know, keep it simple, think, then act.
The Bug out Vehicle is supposed to be the vehicle used to
escape the city when disaster strikes.
While some events may force you to do
so, what I want is a vehicle that could be used for such a scenario, but also
covers both several other scenarios that are more likely, and at the same time
works for the usual everyday use.
Maybe “Survival Emergency Vehicle” would be a
broader definition, one that includes the possible bug out scenarios but takes into account other
Financial Crisis considerations already being a fact and not
a “what if”, there are certain points to keep in mind so that your vehicle
responds to the economic crisis part of the equation as well.
The vehicle should be affordable. I suppose few of us have
money to throw away. Without compromising on quality, buying used tends to save
you lots of money that can be put to better use.
As a rule of thumb if you buy
a vehicle that is three or four years old and has less than 40.000 miles you’re
still looking at a relatively new car that has many years ahead of it, and
you’re buying it for a fraction of what it costs.
10.000 miles a year tends to be standard, be suspicious of
cars that have much more or much less than that and check that the general wear
of the car insides matches the miles it’s supposed to have.
Of course the vehicle should be known for its ruggedness and
Repairs should be easy to make, hopefully you’ll be able to
do at least some of your own, so easy to understand car mechanics and engines
would be best.
The model should be popular enough so that mechanics are
familiar with them and spare parts are both easy to find and affordable.
Regarding efficiency, this will be a vehicle that you’ll be
using mostly for driving on good roads. Maybe it doubles as your daily car as
well, so good millage is very important so as to be affordable to keep it fed.
Even in some evacuation scenario or emergency that requires
driving long distances, fuel efficiency means you get to cover more miles with
less of your scarce fuel resources, or using whatever you manage to scrounge
If possible a manual gearbox would be preferred. It uses
less fuel, it’s mechanically simpler and you tend to have more control of the
vehicle.  In some situations such as when
wounded or when there’s a driver with no experience with manual transmission,
perhaps then automatics are an advantage, so both have their pro and cons.
It should be able to deal with some off-road driving, drive
across mud, snow and sand. Even if this vehicle will be dealing with paved
roads 95% of the time, you don’t want to get stuck during an emergency or if
you ever have to drive around traffic or blocked vehicles.
 Because of this, the vehicle should at least have the option
of 4WD. The chances of you needing it aren’t high, but if possible it would be
good to have that alternative. Here we will have to compromise to a degree
because off road capability, good road driving and efficient gas millage tend
to be mutually excluding.
Don’t forget that a fuel efficient people carrier may
take your entire family and gear twice the distance a fuel thirsty 4.0 4×4 can.
Not to mention that it’s much cheaper to driver on a daily basis. Think small
4×4 road capability, you don’t need a monster rock climber.
The vehicle should be small enough so as to manoeuvre around
debris, car wreck, or whatever may be blocking the road. You want a car that
has some muzzle, but agility makes for a more convenient vehicle for daily
driving and when you need to move fast during emergencies as well.
At the same time, it should be big enough to fit your entire
family and your supplies.  Again we’ll
have to compromise and go for some medium sized vehicle, not too big, not to
small, but something that seats 5 with room to spare.
You might get away with a
smaller 3-door 4×4 if you’re on your own but always plan on needing some room
later on.
You could always consider a smaller vehicle but add a
trailer one advantage would be that a trailer could be left camouflaged while
you take off on a mission where speed and agility might be the order of the
Survival Thoughts
We not only risk natural and man-made disasters, we risk
financial, commercial, political and social collapse. Things can go wrong
slowly – or things can go wrong very quickly.
Without trade, transport, banking
or manufacturing, life could quickly diminish to desperate subsistence. It
would be uglier than most people can imagine, and in the worse scenarios, you
and your unprepared family will likely die.
Do you see your lifestyle as a birth right? Do you believe
that you deserve perpetual prosperity? Will you choose a sustainable lifestyle
and reduce your standard of living? You may be forced to make these changes.
societal collapse would be fast and deep, and would hurt developed countries
the most.
Yet survival will have little to do with luck.
In 1977 New York City suffered a power failure for one
night. Over 3,000 arrests were made for looting, 400 policemen were injured,
500 fires were started, more than 25,000 emergency calls were placed and four
times the usual number of hospital emergency cases were admitted – all
following one lightning strike.
Civilization is a veneer. 
Many empires have declined and
fallen. Persia, Greece, Egypt, Rome, Turkey, Spain, China and Russia … and
many of their collapses were self-inflicted, not from being attacked but more
often from attacking other countries. Wars are always costly.
American politicians wanted to police the world while
maintaining its people’s lifestyles beyond their ability to pay.
America is
losing its wealth … like so many countries before.
America’s military options
seem to increasingly focus on exit strategies that are not too humiliating.
So what can you do? An economic collapse will likely hurt
the richest countries most, although many if not all other countries will be
affected. Survival in any country will require broadly similar strategies.
Decide to live – choose to survive!



Be prepared – most people will do nothing!



Get yourself healthy and understand the risks!



Learn what to do before, during and after a collapse!



Read, read, read! Perhaps start with Global Research
Your best insurance? Decide to survive and stockpile
Professor Sir John Beddington, (UK government chief
scientific adviser), says that the world faces a perfect storm of climate
change impacting food, energy and water.
Will your Social Parachute Open?
Little information about the risk of collapse and the
difficulties of survival is available in any media. Despite the risk, survival
training is nearly non-existent. Government agencies tasked to prepare for and
mitigate disaster have been exposed as ineffective. I suggest that you assume
that you will be on your own.
Rule One: Don’t trust your government to protect you. You
can trust them to protect themselves.
At best, life in the coming decades will become increasingly
local and smaller scale. This can happen if cheap energy decreases smoothly, if
people act intelligently and if global competition for food, water and oil does
not trigger world wars or financial hyperinflation.
At best, energy-dependent enterprises and cities will
gradually contract as the supply of cheap power (also cheap food, cheap
medicine, cheap communication and cheap education) dwindles.
At best, cheap power gradually vanishes, taking industry
with it. As cities are products of an industrial revolution based on cheap
energy, expect city and suburban homes to lose value catastrophically. Expect
people who invested in suburban mansions to lose their illusions of equity.
Expect the disruption of urban infrastructure to create logistical nightmares
for people stuck in cities.
At best, after years of collective paralysis, political
expediency and social upheaval will gradually increase. Your community probably
depends on electrical machines, electronics and computers … how fast will
your community die without electric power?
At best, expect populations to migrate away from cities and
threatened areas, with food, oil and water shortages limiting movement. Greatly
reduced food production will result in vastly increased prices.
Expect a return
to rural values – and increasing interest in self-sufficiency and small family
Prepping on a Budget
We are all on reduced food budgets so Where do you find
cheap food and groceries?
Well I’ve found three websites that can Save you up to 80% on
food items so your weekly shopping bill can be reduced significantly – yes,
These are Short date or clearance food website.
Bargain food websites have a mix of familiar brands and some
that you may not recognise, they all have fantastic price reductions of up to
80% off their original price.
They are the first place to look for cheap food
If you feel a little uncomfortable about buying out of date
food, don’t be, you probably eat out of date food every day without knowing or
Just have a look at the jars and packets in your food cupboard. I’m
sure that there is at least one jar or packet of something that has been there
well past it’s sell by date and you eat it regularly with no ill effects.
Of course not everything is out of date food, most of the
items for sale are short date food that was over-produced by the manufacturer
or was produced for a special market like
Christmas or Easter and the moment
has now passed, so fantastic for everyday eating and prepping alike.
Check these websites frequently to see what their new
arrivals are, if you dither you miss out so don’t let the best offers pass you
by, they really are the cheapest groceries online!
The cost of delivery is pretty much the same as all on-line
grocery shopping but as the savings are so large you win both ways – you get
cheap food AND it’s brought to your door too, better still if you pool your
groceries with a friend so you both gain and you halve the delivery cost
between you.
Take a look at these bargain food websites, I’ve tried and
can recommend them all.
The first is Approved Food
Expect the unexpected with Approved Food, it’s not just
discount food in tins and packets. They frequently have non-food items with
huge discounts off the original price, some are even perfect for squirreling
away for Christmas and birthday gifts.
The latest arrivals have a lunch box theme with reduced
price Sutherlands sandwich fillings, Ye Olde Oak Ham, Quavers, Walkers crisps
and no end of brand name biscuits and flapjacks.
They are also offering glass jars of good old-fashioned
sweets such as pear drops, rosy apples and rhubarb and custard at half their
normal price.
They’ve got good dates on them and I’ll be buying them to use for
an upcoming birthday as well as for preps.
Also on the gift theme take a look at the interesting spicy
cooking kits in presentation packaging, for pasta, for barbeques, for oil
dipping etc.
Most of these have long dates and are only £4.99 down from £9.99.
These are going to fly out quickly so don’t delay on making your purchase.
And speaking of flying…..
The Summer Holidays has arrived at Approved Food!
It’s not just discount food at Approved Food they have
plenty of non-food items.
They have a new consignment of travel accessories
from Samsonite. Essential items such as plug adaptors, digital scales, travel
fans, combination suitcase locks etc.
These are also going to be in demand
because the prices are well below their RRP, the scales for example are £4.99
down from £19.99
As always, don’t spend too long thinking about ordering, you
could find that by the time you’d made up your mind they’ve sold out.
For their web address click HERE
Food Bargains
They stock a good range of fruit and vegetables as well as
short dated food and out of date food staples and a mouth-watering selection of
reduced price chocolates, sweets and handy snacks – plus the unexpected items
that can be different each time you visit the site.
It’s Party Time at Food Bargains…they’ve got Walkers Roast
Chicken Grab Bags for 39p, posh Walkers Chilli and Goats Cheese Sensations for
79p down from £2.19 and Seabrooks Cheese and Onion for 29p down from 49p. Check
out the McCoy’s too.
Other party essentials are half price KP Dry Roasted Peanuts
and a selection of Britvic Mixers for around half their normal price.
They’ve got Diet Coke too for 89p for 2 litres so you’ve got
the makings of a great party for half the price you’d expect to pay in the
Their web address is HERE
Is slightly different. As well as the eclectic mix of cheap
food, store cupboard essentials and cleaning items that you’ll find on the
other online bargain food sites they have keenly priced fresh bakery, milk,
cheese, meat and fish so you can buy a temperature controlled box of groceries
that is more similar to a supermarket’s range.
You can check them out HERE
Building your Prep Stocks
I think survivalists and grandparents tend to measure wealth
differently than the Xbox  generation.
If you’re the kind of person who’s concerned about emergency
preparation, a large emergency food supply is true wealth. Just imagine a
hurricane, flood, or earthquake that disrupts the infrastructure for several
While the sheeple panic because the supermarket shelves are
bare, you’re sitting pretty on a year’s supply of food.
How does it feel? Why,
it feels like opulence and abundance — wealth.



You know It’s Never Too Late To Build Up Food Stocks
I’m addressing a situation in which you’re basically
hunkered down in your home, or else you’ve reached your bugout location.
foundational element of any emergency preparedness plan is the food stock.
OK, your neighbour has a four-year stock, but it’s never too
late for you to start. In fact, you probably have a three-day supply in your
pantry, but we’ll get to that.
But before you build up your food stock, a few tips to keep
in mind:
Make sure your selections are shelf stable. Canned and dry
goods are best. In case of power cuts, the freezer will keep your food for only
two or three days.
Don’t turn your nose up at processed foods; they tend to
store longer, and while processed food is not as good for you as whole foods,
it’s better than starving.
Remember to stock food you will want to eat.
You should Stock dry and canned goods in a cool, dry, dark
environment. Darkness is especially important if any of your canning is done in
glass jars, because the light breaks down vitamins and protein in the food.
Remember variety is important. It prevents monotony and
balances your diet.
Don’t shun convenience. Particularly for the short-term
stocks (three days to two weeks), it’ll lift a great burden off your shoulders
if you can just open a can and heat your meal, or eat something that’s good
Small containers have a higher unit cost, but prevent waste
(which is in itself costly).
Don’t make it too complicated. You certainly can go deep and
calculate precise calorie and nutritional requirements, but if uncertainty is
stopping you from getting something in the cupboard, then just simplify.
Use an
ancient, tried-and-tested method — trial and error.
I think that
beginners to prepping can build their Emergency Food Stock in Six Months
Building up a year-long food supply is a big endeavour, but
you can do it by tackling this in three steps:
Week 1, build up a
three-day supply



Week 2, build up a one-month supply
During the next five months, build up your one-year supply



Week1 (right now!) — Get your three day supply. 
Most power
cuts are short, and a three day supply of dry and canned goods will get you
through most bad weather-induced power cuts.
Now check your cupboards. You might well have a supply that
will get your through three days without power or transportation.
If not, a single
trip to your local supermarket will get you up and running. Here’s a suggested
3-day list (per person):
Can opener!
Muesli mix – 8-ounce serving
Crackers – 1 box (8-ounces or larger)
Peanut butter – 1
(12-ounce) jar
Canned juice – 1 6-pack of 6-ounce containers
Peaches – 1 (8-ounce) can
Fruit cocktail – 2 (8-ounce) cans
Beans – 1 (8-ounce) can
Corn – 1 (8-ounce) can
Tuna – 1 (3 1/4-ounce) can
Beef stew or Chili – 2 small cans
Tomato or other soup – 1 can
Raisins or dried prunes – 2 12-ouncepackage
Mixed nuts – 1
package or jar
Tea and coffee – 1 box with 16 bags or 1(2-ounce) jar
instant coffee
Water – 1 gallon
Of course, if you have more than one person to stock for,
combine quantities in larger containers to save on the unit cost
That is, buy a big jar of peanut butter instead of several
small ones.
However small quantities can still be useful, like small drink servings.
You don’t waste as much.
Also, there is a convenience factor here — you’re looking
for a quick and easy way to get an emergency stock. Save the heavy calculations
for your long-term survival stock.
I have found that with dry goods such as whole wheat, beans,
and rice. I freeze them for two weeks to kill parasites before sealing in
plastic buckets.
Week2 — Build up your one-month supply. There are too many
differences from one household to the next to make a precise grocery list.
But don’t worry; figuring what you need is fairly straight
forward. Just see how much food you need to prepare a meal for your entire
family, and multiply that by three to cover three meals a day.
Remember, it’s possible to get extremely precise about how
many calories and what kind of foods you need, and by all means do so if you
But if you don’t go to all this trouble, you still need something to eat,
right? Here are some suggestions— add your own, of course:
Pasta, Spaghetti, macaroni, are a great source of carbs, and
everybody loves them. It’s not huge on vitamins, but that’s what canned fruit
is for.
Canned fish. Salmon, mackerel, sardines, tuna, kippered
herring. All these make great survival foods. Rich in Omega-3 fatty acids,
protein, and flavour.
Dried beans and rice. Yes, there are lots of Y2K jokes about
this, and I bet some of you still have some, twelve years later.
But if you store them properly they will keep literally for
decades. One interesting thing about beans and rice — together they make a
“complete protein.”
Rice has some of the amino acids that make up protein, and
beans have the rest of them. Together, it’s great food.
Get a variety of beans (black, pinto, navy, kidney, and
lima),vegetables (tomato, corn, and your favourite greens), and fruit (peaches,
pears, apple sauce, or just a cocktail).
These few items will cover nearly the entire gamut of
vitamins, minerals, and fibre you’ll need long term, all while providing all
the variety you’ll need to maintain morale.
How about a Special canned produce, for an occasional treat,
say a few cans of blueberries, summer fruits, pineapple, capers, olives, or
whatever your favourite canned goods might be.
Staples like olive oil, flour, sugar, and salt. Buy them in
bulk keep flour safe from mice and moths
A long-term supply should go beyond basic survival — a
balanced diet and occasional treats are good for health and morale.
Month 2 through 6 — Build up your one-year supply. Now that
you have a one-month supply, buy another two-month supply for each of the next
four months, and a three-month supply the last month.
When all is said and done,
you’ll have everything you need to keep your family fed for a year.
Caching Supplies
If your Urban Survival Plan is to Bug Out at the appropriate
time to a safe location, which may be a family farm or a friends remote home,
you need to consider pre-locating some supplies, material and equipment close
to this safe location in case you do not have the chance to upload your vehicle
with everything you are planning on taking, or, in case you are regulated to
moving on foot to this safe location.
One method to pre-locate Survival supplies would be just to
have your friends or family stock it for you.
However if you drop off a few pad
locked foot lockers at your safe location, you run the risk of it not being
there when you arrive.
What happens if you are late in arriving there and they
get curious as to what you have in those foot lockers or worse yet, didn’t plan
well themselves and are scavenging for food or whatever you have in these foot
What happens if your friends or family get overrun?
One of the best ways to pre-locate Survival Supplies is by
Caching. Caching is the art of preparing, packaging and hiding items so you can
retrieve them when needed.
There are a few considerations for emplacing caches. You
want to emplace them in a location where you can get to them in case the safe
location is compromised.
What happens if you finally get to your safe location
and you see an angry crowd surrounding parked your friends house and your
friends hanging in the tree or lying face down on the ground?
The caches have to be well hidden and survive accidental
discovery by passers-by and from discovery by people who may think you have
hidden something in the area.
You have to be able to find these caches, months
or years after you emplace them – don’t trust your memory, prepare a cache
The Survival items must be prepared well and the cache
container should provide protection from the elements, most notably water or
Good cache containers are surplus military ammunition cans,
sealable buckets and large PVC tubes. Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) makes excellent
cache containers since it is relatively cheap and easy to find, and can be
water proofed easily (using PVC cement) and painted to help camouflage and
Plus PVC pipe in available in many different sizes (diameters) so you can
custom make cache containers to what you want to cache. However, the larger the
container, the harder it is to hide it.
So you will have to determine which cache concealment method
(below ground cache, above ground concealment cache or submersible cache) is
The general idea being to bury the cache containing your Survival
supplies. Some locations, such as rocky areas, may require an above ground
concealment cache.
You will have to determine if you want each separate cache
to be a mix of Survival items you forecast a need for, or if you will have
separate caches for each Survival item group,, water,
matches/butane lighters, clothing, etc.
The ability to make a fire, maybe some clothing, spare
footwear, flashlights, water, medical supplies are all items you would want to
When you emplace the cache you will need to record, in some
fashion, where it is. It is not a case of simply recording the coordinates on
your GPS.
Consider an easily recognizable Initial Reference Point
(IRP) which should be a terrain feature which will not move Crossroads, maybe
a bridge for example.
From the IRP a distance and direction to a Final Reference
Point (FRP) which should be another terrain feature that will not move, such as
a rock outcropping or a large and distinguishable tree for example.
From the FRP a direction and distance to the buried,
submersed or above ground concealed cache.
You may want to consider recording
what tools you will need to recover the cache, such as a metal rod for probing
for a buried cache and a shovel to dig it up with.
Ten Power Cut Tips
This last year we have had power cuts and some of them
lasted a week other people were longer.
Cooking, cleaning, among other things were quite a challenge for
Below are 10 things Either I learned I needed to do
differently next time or that I promise you are the first to go after a huge
weather event that you will NOT be able to find.
The good news is  you can grab a few this week to feel like
you’ve gotten a jump start on being better prepared.
With a change in our weather patterns we need to prepare, so
don’t forget that this is car boot season batteries, tents, you name it will be
on sale and you don’t have full retail prices, so it’s the perfect opportunity
to stock up on a few things.
Many of you have stored water set aside, but you’d be
shocked at how much we really use every day in our lives. a gallon per person
per day is just the bare minimum for drinking and staying alive! It doesn’t
count for dishes, laundry, bathing/hygiene/first aid, pets, etc.
Seriously stock pile water and store it under
every bed in the house if you need to.
Fill empty soda bottles, or buy the 5
gallon water containers from the store and slide them on their sides under the
beds, couches, etc. (hey, the kids can’t cram their stuff under them when
“cleaning” their rooms, when they have water bottles under them
Batteries.  I can
assure you when you need them in an emergency, the D batteries as well as the C
and 9 volts are impossible to find!
Batteries last longer if stored in the freezer. 
The perfect way to store
them is in recycled plastic containers such as spice jars and light drink
Stock up while they are on sale, label some empty plastic
containers and store in the door of your freezer.
You can never have enough of these.
Fuel: Cooking, driving, and generator’, and misc:
Stock up on several kinds of fuel for cooking.
Pick up some
propane either the little green coleman ones or a couple of big propane tanks
(like fit on your gas grills).
Also stockpile charcoal, lighter fluid and
matches, matches, matches! You can never have enough of these and your
neighbours will be desperate, so plan on an extra bag or two to share with
loved ones that weren’t prepared.
Don’t forget the lighter fluid and matches!
I guarantee you; the first thing that people have problems
with every time we have an extended power cut due to extreme weather is fuel.
People drive everywhere looking for any open and working petrol station and the
lines are CRAZY!  Do yourself a favour.
This week pick up some appropriate 5 gallon fuel containers and fill them! I
know fuel is expensive, but you will really appreciate it when you can drive a
little bit or fuel your generator without going all over the place.
You can use them for your lawn mower to
rotate and freshen the supply, but get more than one and store them properly.
If you have oil lamps stock up on clear lamp oil and grab
some extra wicks. If you don’t have an oil lamp consider buying one or two.
helps to light up larger rooms like your family room in the evenings, when it’s
too early to go to bed and your’ all hanging out together.
Also stock up on long burning emergency
candles. ( During power outages, we keep one burning in the bathroom in a safe
spot.  We have no window so it’s pitch
dark, for sure in the middle of the night, so you can see to use the bathroom.
Add some canned dinners/proteins to your pantry:  Take a second look at the food in your
pantry. During emergencies cans of food that can be heated and served are a
really a huge stress reducer.
So many of us are avoiding those premade convenience foods,
but  in a week or more with no power you
will come to appreciate the simplicity of opening a can of something for dinner
or lunch.
So add some canned hash, chili, ravioli, stews, etc. to your
pantry.  I recommend, that you plan a
day’s worth of emergency food and store them altogether in a gallon sized
ziplock bag and label them and set them in your panty.
Also make sure to have powdered milk and canned gravy.
Canned gravy sure can make a lot of dry ingredients like rice and potatoes
taste a lot better!
Don’t underestimate the power of canned gravy for your mental
During world war II cooking oil was in such demand that  you could trade a quart of it for a ton of
other foods and supplies! Without it you are forced to boil just about
everything. Store some cooking oils away.
You will not regret it!
Besides fuel, the next thing to disappear like in a matter
of seconds at every store in town after a disaster is ice. If at all possible
store some bags of ice in a deep freeze.
If you don’t have a large separate
freezer, try to store a few gallon sized freezer bags with extra ice and also
identify the closest convenience store to you and keep some reserved cash on
hand to run as quickly as you can to get some.
It will help keep your food in
your fridge or in the case of a case diabetic type one patient the insulin
Hand operated can openers, hand operated rechargers for
phones (as well as car chargers for phones) and wind up flashlights and radios,
even duct tape to seal windows. along with a tarp, to duct tape and close off
rooms  can help retain heat in the
If you had a power cut in the hight of Summer the heat and humidity
would be awful!
Being too hot makes you sooooo cranky!!!!! 
Especially if you don’t have a generator, invest now in a
few battery operated fans. In the camping shops there should be some that are
small but standalone so you can set them by your bed, etc.
Also a heat source
such as a propane heater for winter, may be in a sale now that winter’s over.
Seriously buy them this week.  
The peace of mind is priceless.
Prepare an emergency message command centre out of your area
or county even, if possible.
When an a
very bad thunderstorm hit local mobile phone towers were so jammed with calls
that no one could reach their loved ones to check on each other.
I couldn’t call my
son and actually found it much easier to call my uncle and aunt down south.
Often times long distance calls work better than local ones during an
emergency.   So, decide on a common
friend or family members, preferably in a different county that can be your
message relay centre.
Program that number into your children, spouses, parents,
etc. phones. ( put them on the schools emergency contact list on the child’s
records)  whom everyone has the number to
and can leave a message on how they are and where they are.
More precious than gold maybe in an extended emergency is
toilet paper. You could not possibly store too much of this (or fuel, water ,or
You may need to share some with
neighbours. Oh, and stash some extra feminine supplies, diapers, wipes, etc.
specifically put these in a closet for an emergency.
Tooth paste, soaps, etc. Deodorant, hand wash. Grab some
extra’s nothing makes you feel more human than feeling clean.
When power outages hit for an extended period you can’t run
to the bank or ATM’S! For heaven’s sake even though times are tight, next time
the check-out operator asks you if you need extra cash when you use your card,
say yes and tuck a £20 note away for emergencies.
Start a small fund no matter how small. Even
a £1 a week is better than no cash at all when you need it! Do it!
Pick up some, games: Like cards, battleship, etc., books
(especially ones that take you to another place like fantasy, mystery, etc.),
simple crafts (playdoh etc) and put them away, so they are new and fun during
an extended power cut
UK Rules on Wild Camping
Camping in a camp site is fine, but there are many who want
to get even closer to nature.
They enjoy wild camping, which is pretty much
what it says on the tin, camping away from civilisation, and without the modern
conveniences of the camp site.
It’s not for wimps, since this is real ‘roughing it’, but
those who have the taste absolutely love it. 
The thing to remember, though, is
that all the land in the United Kingdom is owned by someone, meaning that there
are laws that apply to wild camping, those that apply in England and Wales, and
different ones in force in Scotland.
Wild Camping In
England and Wales
For the most part there’s little problem with wild camping
in England and Wales, although if you’re going to be relatively close to a
farm, you should make sure you’re above the intake walls, and it’s probably
best not to advertise your presence.
In theory the farmer could tell you to
move from his land, but as long as you’re being careful and responsible, there
should be no problem.
Generally wild camping is quite acceptable if you’re more
than half a day’s hike from a camp site, although, within the UK, that’s
generally unlikely.
Within the National Parks, wild camping is a right. However,
there are certain limitations. 
It has to be on access land (and not all land in
a National Park is access land), more than 100 metres from a road, and you must
use a tent, not a caravan – for pretty obvious reasons.
But in Dartmoor the
right allowing wild camping is enshrined in an amendment to the Countryside Act
of 1949.



There will also be exceptions at times. In the Peak
District, for example, wild camping has often been banned when the moors are
dry to avoid the danger of fires which can be difficult to put out and can
easily destroy acres of land.
When wild camping, you do need to observe good camping
etiquette, by leaving the land just as you found it, taking all litter with
you, making sure there’s only a small group of you, and ensuring that your
toilet is more than 30 metres from any water, taking care to carefully bury
your toilet waste – so be sure you have a small digging implement with you.
should never spend more than two nights in the same camp, whether on private or
National Park land.
Wild Camping In
New laws about wild camping in Scotland came into effect in
2005, and set out exactly where it’s permissible to camp.
What it largely boils
down to is that wild camping is fine except in building sites, schools (and
their grounds), around houses, in areas where admission is charged, quarries,
golf courses, sports fields (but only when they’re in use), and around
You also need to be more than 100 metres from a road (there are
exceptions here with sites close to lochs, for instance, that have
traditionally been used for camping but might be close to roads).
Where no access rights exist, wild camping is not permitted
without specific permission, so you need to be very aware of where you are and
what kind of land it is before trying to set up camp.
You should not exceed
two, or at most three, nights in any one spot.


Training to Survive
You will need to build up your physical abilities to be able
to survive when SHTF.
If you have never really carried a full Bergen before
then prepare your body for the challenges that lie ahead and start out slowly.
If you are a great swimmer and you think that you are in
great condition and could easily hike for hours on end, you can be wrong.
Hiking up- and hiking downhill on varying terrains and conditions are pretty
specific fitness exercises that strain your body in ways that it may not be
used to.
Even if you are used to walking, strapping a 30-pound backpack will
suddenly change your entire experience.
The key to training yourself lies in slow but steady
progress. There is no fun in draining yourself to the point of collapse.
Remember that we are walking for with a purpose so it is alright to push your
boundaries but do not go too far. 
Make sure to set obtainable and measurable
goals. Here are some suggested schedules when you’re training for bugging out
on foot.
Start off by making small 2-4 km (1-3 miles) hikes on
regular intervals (1-2 times per week) under not too challenging conditions and
without a backpack.
Do it near your own home so you can make sure that you are
able to be back before sunset.
Steadily increase the length of your hikes until you are
able to comfortably make a 15km (9 miles) hike.
On your 15km hikes, you will most likely already be carrying
a small day pack with some snacks and drinks.
Now work on increasing the weight
of your load by adding more equipment or food/drinks.
Steadily increase the weight of your expedition pack until
you are able to comfortably finish a 15km hike with 10kg (22lb.) backpack.
At this stage, you are set to go on basic day hikes and you
can train yourself in more challenging terrains and greater vertical gains.
From this point on, you should steadily increase your
distance and the weight and size of your pack. With the proper training, you
should be able to carry up to 25-30% of your body weight as Backpack Load.
There is a big difference between hiking on flat terrain and
having to deal with uphill- and downhill walking. Steadily increase the number
of vertical meters you gain on your day hikes.
Walking for consecutive days is very different from single
day hikes with periods of rest between them. Consecutive hikes bring the added
challenges of possible blisters, muscle aches and skin irritation.
yourself by increasing the number of consecutive Hiking days.
This training routine should increase your overall fitness
level and will get your body adjusted for bugging out.


UK Government Advice on What to do in an Emergency
If there is an emergency, you should:
Call 999 if your or someone else’s life is in danger follow
the advice local emergency responders giver you think before you act never put
yourself or others in unnecessary danger try to get to a safe place if possible
– this may not be your home
Check for injuries – remember to help yourself before
attempting to help others try to reassure others around you
Go in, stay in, tune
If you are not involved in the incident, but are close by or
believe you may be in danger, you should: go inside and stay away from doors
and windows stay inside for as long as it is safe to do so tune in to your
local radio, TV and internet news channels – local emergency responders (eg
police and fire services) will use these to give you information.
There may be times when you should not ‘go in’, for example
if there is a fire, or the emergency services tell you not to.
What you can do to
prepare for an emergency
Steps you can take to
make yourself and your family better prepared for emergencies are to:
Know how to tune in to your local radio (you may want to get
a wind-up radio because it wouldn’t need new batteries during a power cut) plan
how your family will stay in contact in an emergency and write down their
contact details.
Consider where your household might meet in an emergency,
especially as your phone might not be working be prepared to turn off
electrical appliances – if there is a power cut and several appliances restart
at once when the power is back on, they may overload the system gather
essential items which you might need in an emergency.
Find out about emergency arrangements in your community,
workplace, or children’s school speak to your neighbours and friends and see if
you can help them prepare for emergencies
Consider making arrangements for your pets in an emergency
You can also prepare
for or prevent certain emergencies by:
Identifying risks in your home and how you might make it
Identifying risks in your local area and how you might
reduce their impacts
Advice on preventing different types of emergencies
Preparing for emergencies wherever you are
Understanding risks
and how the UK is preparing for emergencies
Learning first aid could give you the skills to help
relatives, friends and other people who need help during an emergency. If you
see someone in need of first aid, you should try to:
keep calm and look for any dangers to yourself or the
injured person find out what happened find out how many casualties there
are  look to see if there is anyone
around who can help call 999 as soon as you can
Helping your
neighbours and community
You can help prevent certain emergencies and accidents in
your community by doing things like keeping pavements clear during icy weather
and checking on neighbours.
You can use any practical skills you have to prevent or help
with an emergency. If, for example, you are a tree surgeon, you can help clear
fallen trees after a storm.
Understanding the emotional impact of emergencies
Emergencies can have tragic consequences.
Losing loved ones,
homes and precious possessions are just some of the ways people can be affected
by emergencies.
The emotional and physical stress of these incidents shouldn’t
be underestimated – people need to recover in their own way and at their own
The emergency response to an incident must first be to save
lives. But those providing support during an emergency should also be mindful
of how they give practical and emotional help.
Appropriate social support from
family, friends and professionals soon after an incident may make it less
likely that people affected will develop mental health conditions.
Knowing the risks
You may know about some emergencies before they affect you.
For example, you may get news beforehand about things like floods and severe
weather or disease outbreaks.
You may also get warnings about strikes and
industrial action, which can cause interruptions to utility supplies and food
or fuel deliveries.
Some incidents are impossible to predict and happen without
warning – for example, a terrorist attack or an industrial accident. Industrial
accidents can cause problems with fuel and energy supply, the release of
dangerous materials, or even major explosions and fires.
Incidents like organised crime and ‘cyber attacks’ (attacks
on computer systems) can also cause serious problems.
The UK will continue to be a target for threats of all
kinds. Emergencies may happen in a small area but could affect a larger area –
for example, disruption to the supply of energy, fuel, telecommunications and
transport networks.
Further information on what to do is available at
Grow your own Grub
Domestic rabbits are highly valued for their low fat, low
cholesterol and high quality protein.
Rabbit meat compares very favourably to
chicken, turkey and some fish for its beneficial health virtues and its
3 to 4 litters of 5 to 10 young can be thrown by a healthy,
mature female (doe) each year.
One male (buck) can service up to twenty to
thirty does, but in order to keep the gene pool healthy, you should have one
buck for each 5 does.
Make sure you keep records of which does are bred by which
bucks, and keep rotating the animals to keep the gene pool as large as
One good breed is the Flemish Giant. The young from this
breed will be ready to butcher at 3 months, yielding a very tender meat.
consider the Flemish Giant unsuitable for a meat rabbit, due to the meat to
bone ratio, also the amount of food consumed to meat ratio.
It is okay to cross
with a New Zealand for meat production.
Get the right pen. The pen should be a minimum of 5 feet by
6 feet for this large breed, but slightly smaller for the smaller breeds.
Rabbits need space! The floor should be made of a sturdy wire mesh with about
3/4 inch square holes to accommodate droppings and urine.
Do give the rabbit
someplace else to stand, however.
Standing on wire full time can hurt a rabbit’s feet. A full
tray or box the full size of the floor of the pen with all four sides about 2
1/2 inches high should be slid under the pen to catch the animal waste.
tray should be emptied once per week and rinsed with a disinfectant. Be careful
when using bleach, as it will react with the urine and give off a harmful gas!
A solid compartment about 1 1/2 feet long and 1 1/2 feet
wide should be included in the pen to give the doe privacy while she is having
her young.
This will keep mortality of the young down to a great extent.
sure there is plenty of dried hay in the pen when she is “due”. 
Know that
female rabbits will conceive at any time they have an “encounter”
with a buck. There is no set oestrous period.
The young should be separated from the mother at about 6
The doe is ready for breeding immediately after separation
from her young.
The rabbit pregnancy period is 28-30 days, with the doe able
to mate within hours of giving birth.
Rabbits reach maturity somewhere between 6 and 10 months of
age depending on the breed. Smaller breeds mature quicker than larger ones.
The following breeds will weigh approximately this much when
fully mature;
Netherland Dwarf 2 1/2 lbs., Jersey Wooley 3 1/2 lbs., Holland
Lop 4 lbs., Mini-Rex 4 1/2lbs., Dutch 5 1/2 lbs., Havana 5 1/2 lbs., Florida
White 6 lbs., Mini Lop 6 1/2lbs., Rex 9 lbs., Palomino, 10 lbs., Satin 11 lbs.,
New Zealand 11 lbs., French Lop 12 lbs., Flemish Giant 13+ lbs.
So why not hop on down to your nearest breeder and enjoy a
great source of tasty food.



When The Bug Out
Bag Runs Out – What To Do After 72 Hours?
So you’ve had to abandon your home or BOL (or was not at it
when the fan blades turned brown) and now you’re on the last day of your bug
out bag, what now?
The first thing you should do is STOP and take a minute to



Check through your bag and see what’s still useful and
what’s low or gone.
For the most part everything inside your bag will last for
weeks or even months if it has to. Your fire starter should still be in good
shape, your emergency blankets are ok, you still have a tent….but what about
your food and water? AAH yes!
These are the real dangers.
You still have heat, shelter, and light but without food and
water, especially water, you will die all warm and toasty.
Without food you’ll begin to feel hungry and run down in a
day or two but you’re still ok for about another three weeks.
Assuming you have
a destination you’re trying to reach where you can resupply you won’t starve if
you make it there in time.
Without water however you’re in much worse shape. You have
2-3 days before your body shuts down and you eventually die on about the 4th
I have heard stores of people living 5 days, and even 7 without water but
the average and the rule of thumb is 3 days.
Examine your surroundings and weight your options.
If your goal is to get where ever you’re
going and you know for sure that you can reach it in 1-2 days, then start
Don’t stop except to rest at night. Try to conserve all the water you
can by not sweating.
If you don’t have a place to go or you’re more than 2-3 days
out for a BOL, then you need to start looking for water.
If you’re in the
wilderness look and listen for signs of water and head in that direction.
can be green spots of vegetation in the distance (you may have to do for it),
naturally occurring valleys between hills, or something as obvious as a creek
If your survival scenario puts you in an arid environment
such as a desert you should start planning now for your water, not after the
Have a plan and a place to go and carry enough water to get you there
otherwise you will surely die. If possible drive the area now while you can
think and plan things out.
It may be possible to cache some extra supplies in a
hidden spot along your path, but you have to do this beforehand.
If you’re in an urban environment (which most will be)
remember that there is probably water all around you, although it may not be
It would be hard to imagine a house without at least one can of pop
or a bottle of water somewhere inside. Hopefully you will find someone who can
spare a bit.
Spigots on houses (beware the owners), ditches, man-made
lakes, and swimming pools are all great sources.
If all hell has truly broke
loose then take refuge inside of an abandoned house and look for water in water
heaters, the BACK of toilets (not the bowl), and sink traps.
They will all hold
some water.  Just remember that this
water will more than likely be contaminated so filter and boil it first.
Once your water is restocked either hunker down and build a
temp base camp until you can locate food, or keep moving to your BOL.
If you’re
in luck your scenario may be over by then and you can begin going back to a
normal life.
If not I hope you are learning self-sufficient skills now as well
as basic long term survival.
Common Methods Of
Processing And Preserving Food
Food processing is a way or technique implemented to convert
raw food stuff into well-cooked and well preserved eatables for both the humans
and the animals.
All these methods are used by food processing industry to give
out processed or preserved foods for our daily consumption.
Best quality
harvested, slaughtered and butchered and clean constituents are used by food
processing industry to manufacture very nutritious and easy to cook food
Following are some techniques and methods used to convert food into
processed or preserved food.
Preservation process: this includes heating or boiling to
destroy micro-organisms, oxidation, toxic inhibition, dehydration or drying,
osmotic inhibition, freezing, a sort of cold pasteurization which destroys
pathogens and various combinations of all these methods.
Drying: this is probably the most ancient method used by
humans to preserve or process their food. Drying reduces the water content in the
product and lack of water delays the bacterial growth very much.
Drying is the
most common technique to preserve or process cereal grains like wheat, maize,
oats, rice, barley, grams and rye etc.
Smoking: many foods such as meat, fish and others are processed,
preserved and flavoured by the use of smoke mostly in big smoke houses.
process is very simple as the combination of smoke to preserved food without
actually cooking it and the aroma of hydro-carbons generated from the smoke
processes the food and makes it even tastier to eat.
Freezing: probably, it is the most common technique used in
modern world to preserve or process the food both on commercial and domestic
This freezing is conducted in big cold storages which can stockpile huge
amount of food stuffs which can be further used in some natural emergencies.
A very big range of products can be frozen to preserve and
process which includes some which do not need freezing when are in their
natural condition.
For example potato chips and potato wafers requires freezing
whereas a potato does not.
Vacuum packs: in this method, food is packed in airtight
bags and bottles in a vacuum area.
This method is used in processing the food
as the air-tight environment doesn’t provide oxygen needed by germs especially
bacteria to survive.
This then, prevents food from getting rotted. This method
is very commonly used for preserving processed nuts.
Salting: the method of salting is used in food processing as
it sucks out the moisture from the food. This is done through the process of
Meat is the best example of the food processed by salting as nitrates
are used very frequently to treat meat.
Sugaring: the method of using sugar to preserve or process
food is very frequent where it comes to preserve fruits.
In this method fruits
such as apples, peaches and plums are cooked with sugar until they are
crystallized and then it is stored dry.
Now days, sugar is also used in
combination of alcohol to make some branded alcohol and spirits.
Pickling: in this method of preserving or processing food,
food is cooked in chemicals and materials which destroy micro-organisms.
is very strictly kept in mind that these chemicals or materials are fit to eat
for humans.
Normally, these include brine, vinegar, ethanol, vegetable
oil and many other types of oils. Pickling is very commonly seen in vegetables
such as cabbage and peppers.
Corned beef and eggs are the non-vegetarian
eatables that are pickled.
These are some very common methods of preserving or processing
These all will work only when processing and preserving is done under
very strict rules and regulation set by the governments.



Vegetarians and Prepping
I was talking to a supplier the other day who asked me how
would a vegetarian prep to survive?
You know that is a question that I could not answer straight
off as, as a meat eater I have not thought of this question as I am not
Well I was not bothered until he asked that question It then occurred
to me that there will be thousands of vegetarian preppers and survivalists out
there who need to know what to do just as much as we meat eaters do.
The question I asked myself was can vegetarians get complete
nutrition if they never eat meat?
Well is seems that they can and all it takes
are two simple, timeless ingredients.
Muscles, blood, and bones are built from basic elements
found in protein. These elements are called amino acids, and there are 22 of
them that the human body needs to keep the factory in business.
The body can
make many of these building blocks for itself. There are nine essential amino
acids, though, that only come from food.
Meat is a complete protein. Like a bookshelf from Ikea, it
has all the parts in one neat kit.
There is no single non-animal food that packs
all nine essential aminos. Lucky for vegetarians, protein comes from
many sources. You don’t need an all-in-one kit to build a bookshelf.
Beans and rice, diet staples since the first folks learned
how to farm, each have their own share of amino acids. It’s a mix and match.
Eat them together in one meal, and they combine to make complete proteins.
Dozens of types of beans are grown across the globe.
Here is
a short list of the most common and healthiest:
Black beans
Pinto beans
Navy beans
Kidney beans
Lima (butter) beans
Don’t hesitate to stockpile beans. Canned varieties have a
shelf life that can stretch as long as five years, under the right conditions.
That is, the standard Cool Dry Place. Dry beans can be stored even longer;
sealed in an airtight container and kept out of the light, they can survive for
an amazing twenty years or more, without losing any of their nutritional
Canned beans are much quicker to prepare than dry. The
downside of precooked beans is a higher level of sodium, added during the
canning process.
Also, since they are cooked in the can, there is no way for
the complex sugars in the beans to escape.
Rinse canned beans very well before using them to wash
away as much of the residual sodium and sugars as possible.
Plan far ahead to cook dry beans.
They need to soak
overnight to soften. The soak time can be shortened by briefly boiling the
beans first, but there is a risk of food poisoning because they still need to
sit for several hours.
The elevated temperature is a better environment for
bacteria than cool water.
You’ll notice foaminess forming
on the top of the water; this is the sugar escaping. Dry beans cause less gas
than canned beans.
Sugar is water soluble, and the more you rinse away, the
less there is to ferment after you eat it.
Instant rice is not a special variety. It’s merely rice that
has been precooked, then dehydrated. It’s popular because it is quick and very
easy to cook.
It’s unpopular because it is bland and chewy.
Cooking conventional rice is not as difficult as it seems;
just plan ahead for it. Instant rice is better than none at all, but if you do the easy prep work and cook up some
real rice, you’ll see a major improvement in texture and flavour.
Nutrition, too.
Give it a shot!
There are thousands of varieties of rice. Here are the
Long grain rice cooks up fluffy. After it is cooked, the
grains don’t stick together.
This type of rice is best for side dishes and stir
Medium grain rice is moist and tender, also good for side
dishes, and for soups.
Short grain rice is used to make sushi, rice balls, and
risotto. It is very sticky, and has a good strong flavour.
Brown rice and white rice are not separate varieties; they
are just milled differently. Whole grain brown rice gets its colour from a
layer of vitamin rich bran, which is ground off to produce white rice.
brown has more nutrition and better flavour, it takes longer to cook and must
be refrigerated so the oils in the layer of bran don’t get rancid.
White has a
much longer shelf life – 25 to 30 years, when stored properly. To compensate
for the loss of the healthy bran layer during milling, white rice is often
Some folks say that cooking rice is an art form. These are
the folks who don’t like to share the two simple rice cooking secrets.
outstanding results, follow these steps:
Wash away excess starch and any possible residue pesticides.
Use a large pot; ideally, you want three times as much water as rice while
you’re rinsing it.
Get right in there with your hands and really work it. Drain
the rinse water, and repeat. If the water is not running clear after the second rinse, go ahead and do it a
third time.
Let it sit in fresh water before you cook it up. The grain
will relax, and the rice will need less time on the stove. Soaking is the key
to cooking rice with the best texture.
Thirty minutes is a good start for
regular white rice, but it can go as long as 10 hours.
(Hint: set it up before
you go to work, and it will be ready & waiting for you when you get back
Once the secret prep work is done, cook the rice in a heavy
pot. Use a little less water than the standard 2:1 ratio, so it won’t get mushy
and soggy.
Don’t boil the water before you add the rice, and no peeking – if
you lift the lid, the steam will escape before the job is done.

Beans and rice have been fuelling us since the days of the
first farmers.

Every major culture has a variation of this simple mix of staple
ingredients. Whether you are a vegetarian or not, a meal of beans and rice is
incredibly healthy.


If you’ve looked at purchasing food storage from any number
of companies, you’ve probably encountered TVP.
But what is TVP?  And do I need
any of it in my food storage?
TVP is an acronym for Textured Vegetable Protein.  It is also sometimes called Textured Soy
Protein (TSP), or soy meat.  It is a
non-meat product that provides a comparable percentage of protein per serving
when reconstituted as meat.
 It is high
in fibre and low in fat.
TVP is made from soy flour after the soy oil has been
extracted.  The flour is mixed with
water, then cooked under pressure and squirted out of a machine to dry.
Because of the pressure, the TVP fluffs with
air pockets when it comes out of the extruder, giving it a texture and mouth
feel similar to meat.
TVP can be dried
in various forms like strips, flakes, and crumbles depending on what the final
product will be used for.
TVP is also a great protein source for vegetarian’s as it is
soy based and has no meat products in it.
In its natural state, TVP is tasteless, so most food storage
TVP has flavour added.  There is chicken,
ham, beef, and bacon flavours of TVP.
Why would you want TVP in your food storage when there are
perfectly good freeze dried meats and canned meats available?  One good reason is the cost.
TVP is quite a bit less expensive per serving
than freeze dried or commercially canned meats.
Because of the cost savings, TVP is an enticing alternative that can be
used alone or as a meat extender to add protein to a variety of meals.
Some people actually prefer TVP to regular meats.  I’m not a huge fan of it personally, but it’s
not bad as an extender or occasional pie filler.
To rehydrate TVP, either add boiling water to it, or boil it
in water until it is reconstituted.
Usually it is about 3/4 cup water to 1 cup TVP, but can vary depending
on the variety of TVP you’re cooking–check your product label for more specific
I hope that this has given the vegetarians among us some
idea on what to prep, the usual rules on storage still apply and only your lack
of imagination will limit your recipe choices.


The 5 P’s of Preparedness

Emergencies typically occur with little or no warning.

As a
result, many are caught off guard and are ill equipped to handle such a sudden
Preparing ahead of time seems like the only logical way to handle this
However, the fact remains that a majority of our neighbours and fellow
citizens are not prepared.
One of the common reasons why people do not prepare
is because of the overwhelming nature of it all.
Breaking up the enormity of preparedness into smaller
compartmentalized sections will help you concentrate on one task at a time
until the end result is met.
Follow the 5 P’s with any disaster you are
planning for:
Decide what types of disasters you are planning for (weather
related, natural disasters, economic or personal disasters), and prioritize
what your emergency plans will be by which emergencies are most likely to occur
in your area.
Also, do not limit your emergency preparedness organization to natural
or economic disasters.
Go a step further and plan for personal disasters that
also tend to occur without warning (unemployment, divorce,death in the family).
Planning is the key to survival. Having a plan in place to
help determine what steps need to be taken by you and your family members when
an emergency arise will ensure that all preparedness needs are covered.
Also, having a guide to assist during the initial disaster
preparation will help in determining what steps need to be taken by you and
your family members when an emergency does arise.
When planning for a disaster
follow these protocols:
Have a plan in place (choosing the location, let family
members know where your destination is, the contact information, a secondary
destination, etc.).
Decide on the duration of the disaster you are planning for
(3-day, 2 week, short-term or longer- term disasters).
Create a financial plan on how much money you can contribute
to your preparedness budget.
Keep the basic needs in mind: food, water, shelter,
clothing, safety and communication.
Try and find items that are light weight, functional and
versatile so that if you have to carry them for long periods it will not be a
Also, ensure that you have contingency plans put in place in
case your first plan does not work out.
In addition, plan for the worst case scenario and have
emergency I.D. cards made for each family member (including your pets) with
current information provided.
Remember to prepare for disasters in a way that is
financially responsible. 
Over time, by accumulating a few preparedness supplies
each month will create a preparedness foundation that you can fall back on.
Remember to fall back on your list of lists to ensure that you are purchasing
the needed items for the disaster you are preparing for.
Have a well-rounded
short-term supply to compliment your long term food items.
Store your emergency supplies in an easy to
access part of your home where natural elements such as sunlight and moisture
are not an issue.
The best way to be
better prepared for emergencies is through knowledge and practice.
Read, watch,
and walk through any information on disaster preparedness you can get your
hands on.
We have all heard the saying, “Practice makes perfect.” This is no
different, in the case of preparedness.
Consistent practice will turn your
life-saving plans into muscle memory. This rehearse-to-be-ready concept is how
many emergency personnel and even athletes train to condition their mind and
However, being prepared is not only having supplies, it is having a skill
set to fall back on if need be.
Continue practicing your new learned skills and
avoid making these 8 common mistakes made by preppers.
The end result of the aforementioned is simply peace of
mind. Knowing which disasters may affect your family and having the necessary
supplies in place to handle these disruptions in our daily lives will ensure
that all of your preparedness concerns are covered.
Taking that extra time to
prepare can make all the difference if an unexpected disaster occurs.

Why Prep

To those of you who have seen the importance of preparing
and have a desire to keep your family safe during a disaster –
Prepping is for those
who are preparing for the unknown future, and for those who see the importance
of having necessary items in place before a disaster strikes.
I hope this piece will give you the basic
fundamental knowledge on how to start prepping, help you gain an understanding
of why you need to have certain disaster supplies, and give insight on where to
get certain supplies.
Those that are new to prepping should start with planning
for a given disaster and then begin acquiring items for their basic needs.
The logic behind prepping is the same for
those preparing for a short term disaster or a long term disaster.
That logic is: To be self-sufficient and have
the ability to care for yourself and your family independently during an
unforeseen disaster.
Creating a disaster
check list will add another layer of disaster planning, and expedite the
process of getting ready for a disaster, if one comes your way.
Disasters can strike quickly and without warning.  Knowing what type of disasters could affect
the area you live in will help you plan more thoroughly for the disaster.
Deciding on the type of disaster to prepare
for will also determine the type of survival gear that is needed.
For example, if a person lives in an area
prone to flash flooding and torrential downpours from thunderstorms, the items
they choose would be different than survival items chosen for earthquake
Typically, the best way to prepare for a disaster is to plan
for the worst case scenario so that all areas are covered.
Many think this ideology is a bit excessive,
but being completely prepared and self-sufficient for a given disaster is the
reasoning behind prepping.
 It is a state
of mind for many.
There are different types of preppers – the short term and
the long term preppers.
Short term
preppers are those that want to be prepared for anywhere between 1 week-3
It is common sense I would say,
that every family have a short term food supply in the case that food routes
are interrupted due to severe storms, or unforeseen circumstances.
For longer term needs preppers generally are planning for
disasters that have a longer term effect, thus they plan for longer
self-sufficiency in the event the disaster does occur.
Long term preppers have a short term supply
to complement their long term supply.
longer term food supply usually includes dehydrated foods, MRE’s, seeds, hand
crank wheat grinders, and equipment to be used in a non-technological
Disasters do not just happen to other people – they can
happen to you, and they can happen to me.
As long as you are prepared for a given scenario, then you already have
tools in place when you need it most.
According to some, prepping has become some sort of a social
movement.  Preparing for a disaster and
being self-sufficient has occurred for centuries.
It is nothing new.  It is simply families trying to make the hard
times easier.
Being Prepared
A popular misconception about being prepared is that you are
preparing for a total, catastrophic meltdown that throws us all back to the
One minute we’re living, the next we’re running around in chest rigs
and getting into fire fights with those who would take what we have.
A SHTF event can be anything from an aggravating annoyance
to what I have just described .
You can move or leave if it’s a localized event so it’s not
There are any number of scenarios where this simply isn’t
Medical issues, family responsibilities, jobs, resources, quickness of
weather events, etc can all conspire to prevent you from dashing off to safety.
And even if you could, I can’t think of a worse case of the poop hitting the
ventilation than having my home destroyed or a family member killed.
Minor things like flat tires are so easy to deal with that
they aren’t SHTF events
Really? Your car gets a flat in a coned off work area on the
motorway, it’s hanging out into a lane of traffic and the flat tire is on the
traffic side.
As those cars whiz by your head please explain to the class how
you aren’t in a bad situation.
Take it a step further. Now it’s your wife or daughter. When
they call you on the phone in hysterics just tell them to suck it up and how
“minor” the situation is.
Let me know how it turns out.
ou break your leg. Not a SHTF event right? What if you just
started a small cleaning business? You have three contracts at different
apartment complexes and are a one-man operation.
Now you can’t work, can’t bill
and can’t make money. Oh yea, your apartments will likely replace you with
someone else.
Call me crazy, but something like that seems pretty bad no?
Because a situation is minor for you doesn’t mean it will be
minor for all in your care.
Furthermore, any number of circumstances can ambush
you to turn a minor event into a
full blown catastrophe.
If there aren’t zombies it’s not SHTF
Are you 6? Forget the zombies for a minute.
You go out to dinner with the family. You round the corner
on the way home to find your house has burnt to the ground.
A chemical truck spills and releases toxic gas into the air.
You have to leave and leave right now.
You have just enough time to grab your
family but have to leave your dog standing on the front porch.
A major blizzard snows in your elderly father. His power
goes out and he needs his insulin to survive.
There is no way for him to leave,
and very little chance of someone getting to him.
You move into a dream home for which you have saved your
entire life. Six months later an earthquake damages it beyond repair.
You then
find out your cut-rate insurance doesn’t cover the damages and you don’t have
the money to fix your house.
You are on the way to take your oldest son to college. As
you pull out of the driveway the phone rings. It’s your boss and you’ve just
been fired.
Now sure, those are fabricated situations. But you can’t
deny that in each one of them some level of crap has solidly hit the fan.
If I prepare for Mad-Max I’m prepared for all of the smaller
things that could happen
People who focus on Mad-Max also tend to focus a lot on
MRE’s and guns.
They also tend to overlook little things like tire repair kits,
quality footware, cooking equipment, how they will take care of bodily waste,
etc etc.
While you are planning for your trip to live in the woods,
did you remember to buy rock salt so when your driveway is a sheet of ice you
can get out?
You know what else they tend to overlook?
Training. Yea.
Kinda important to know how to do stuff, not just have kickass Condor and Uncle
Mikes gear.
It’s just too easy to get wrapped up in the fantasy land of
becoming a wandering one-man army in your brand new Multicam kit and your 1000
yard rifle when all you think about is SHTF.
Trust me, it will cause you to overlook a simple preparation along the way.


One Mans Rubbish is Another Mans Treasure
Aboriginal people looked to the wilderness for food, tools
and materials for shelter.
Today, modern urban and possibly wilderness
survivalists should be looking in their rubbish bins and at roadside litter, in
other words fly tipped rubbish.
All these items were found on waste ground. I can’t believe
I found a hoodie, a knife and hammer, either! All this rubbish could become a
survival treasure!
Rubbish in the ocean kills more than one million seabirds
and 100,000 marine mammals and turtles each year through ingestion and
entanglement, according to the Ocean Conservancy.
Some of the debris they were
entangled in, or had ingested, came from shore and includes plastic bags,
fishing line, six-pack holders, string from a balloon or kite, glass bottles
and cans.
I have read on the internet about an enormous stew of
rubbish – which consists of 80 per cent plastics and weighs some 3.5 million
tons, say oceanographers –floats where few people ever travel, in a no-man’s
land between San Francisco and Hawaii.
And that’s just the ocean. I’ve found beer cans, black bags
full of rubbish, washing machines, dryers, fridges and cars – you name it –in
woodlands and otherwise pristine wild areas.
But knowing how to use this
rubbish may help keep you alive in an emergency situation.
One person’s rubbish
may truly become another’s survival treasure.
Think of rubbish as a survival resource. One of the first
actions during a survival situation
should be to list all the potential survival items you have.
Don’t overlook the
rubbish bins.
Something you might have thrown away before, such as a paper
cup or plastic bag, might later end up being your most valuable item, in a
survival situation if you have to carry water, that discarded paper cup or
plastic bag might be the only container you have.
The same thing goes for shelter. Getting out of the wind and
rain, in bad weather, could be critical to your survival.
If you find a bunch
of plastic bags, a piece of discarded plastic from a building site and a pile
of newspapers, that might be all you have to work with.
Here are some suggestions on how to make emergency survival
gear out of stuff you might find.
by looking at the bins– can they be a shelter? Then, use your survival
mind-set, look around inside the bins and think:
“What’s in here? What can I
Small shopping bags can be braided into a rope. Or, put one
on each foot, between your socks and shoes, to serve as a moisture barrier and
keep your feet dry.
Bread and produce bags are typically stronger than the
shopping bags, and will last longer.
Combine several to make a water container,
or use with newspapers to make a rain hat.
Several double-bagged plastic potato
bags could make a strong container for carrying stuff.
You might really be lucky and find a potato or feed sack.
This strong, woven material could be used for any number of things, such as
making clothing.
(Cut a hole at the bottom for your head, and arm holes, and
you have a vest that could provide warmth and sun protection.)
Or use it as a
bag to carry all your other treasures in.
A milk jug, litre glass bottle, plastic container, gallon
juice jug etc. would all make superb water containers.
But know what was in the
bottle before using it for a water bottle. Some liquids, such as anti-freeze,
gasoline or oil could be poison if ingested!
Cut the top off a 4pint milk container and use it for a cup
or bowl. This can help you eat your oatmeal, if you find some, and also be a
critical tool you need to dip water out of a spring.
Newspapers, magazines and cardboard can all be invaluable.
Use your wilderness survival mind set to think of ways to adapt these items to
the situation.
One of the most important uses might be for insulation. Any of
these paper items provides much-needed insulation and padding when you have to
sit or stand on damp or cold ground.
Shred the newspapers or stuff them whole inside your
clothing for additional warmth.
Use paper as tinder to start your fire and save
your fire starter for an emergency. Use sheets of newspaper to cover up with
for warmth, or integrate them into a shelter.
Paper cups can be re-used until they fall apart. Take all
you find and store them one inside the other. Other survivors will thank you!
Many wood pallets are made of hardwood, and make great
firewood. If you have your chopping blade you’ll have no trouble breaking them
up into useable sizes.
Avoid using the pressure-treated woods if possible –
some of them produce nasty toxic smoke when burned.
Wood Scraps might be found in a construction site skip, they
are already cut to convenient sizes and there are all sorts of other goodies.
These might include pieces of fibreboard, plastic sheeting, insulating
materials, nails, screws cord or rope – you name it.
A building site is
definitely a target-rich environment.
Finding a group of tins cans can fill a lot of your survival
Use the cleaned and sanitized containers to boil and purify water, over
the scrap-wood fire you ignited with newspaper. Cook or heat up food in a can.
Take them along to use as various containers.
Cut up the tin or metal can
with your multi tool to make a pan for frying something.
Unfortunately, this is just the tip of the rubbish ice berg.
There are all sorts of other stuff out there that can be used, and that use will depend on the situation and your
Also, please don’t think that any of these rubbish survival
skills can replace the equipment you should have.
Rather, think of rubbish gear
as another survival skill to add your wilderness and/or urban survival
Walk on any mountain or forest trail, along any stream or
beach and you’ll find plastic bags, Styrofoam bait containers, beer cans, can
ring pulls, fishing line, fishing nets, six-pack holders, string from a balloon
or kite, glass bottles and cans and other stuff.
The rubbish may have survival
value, someday, but for now, please pick it up.
The animals, birds, fish, reptiles and amphibians will all
thank you. So will I


The Get-Home-Bag


 WTSHTF maybe you are
prepared for an extended survival scenario away from civilization, but you have
to get out of the city first (maybe). In a disaster situation that might not be
so easy. However If you have these three things in place you will greatly
increase your chances.
Get Home Bag(GHB)Imagine for a minute that you work downtown
in a large city; maybe you take the underground or take a bus to work every day.
You are in a large office building with many floors, thousands of people, and
you are on the fifteen or twentieth floor.
If a disaster strikes, how are you going to get out? I mean
If there is an earthquake or a catastrophic man made event how are
you going to get out of your building? How are you going to get down the
street? How are you going to get home?
Do you want to be one of the people
covered in dust wandering around in shock? I don’t.
But I have my Bug out Bag you say!
Oh really, where is it? Even if it is in your car it is
useless to you at this point. The car park is at street level and possibly hundreds
of yards away. That could mean life or death in this situation and you need to
act now.
Even if you could get to your Bug Out Bag, how much good
would it do you in this environment? Most people’s B.O.B. is packed for
survival with wilderness Camping gear, food, clothing, etc.
A Get Home Bag contains an entirely different set of tools
and serves one purpose: To get you from wherever you are to your Home.
How to Choose an Urban Survival Bag
Your GHB should contain things that are going to get you out
of the building like a crowbar. Things to help you make it through the
aftermath like water and breathing masks.
Things you might use to help rescue others like flashlights
or radios. Things that will help you on what could be a very long walk home
such as food and maybe shoes.
Clearly a GHB is not a Bug Out Bag. Sure they have some
overlap, but a GHB can be much smaller, less weight conscious, have more
specific tools, and be planned for one purpose. Do you have one cached in your
office or place of work?
Gear for your Get Home Bag:2. A Bug Out Plan So you made it
home, now what? Let’s assume that the SHTF out there.
You have surveyed the
situation and determined that the city is in mass chaos and you need to get out
now. What do you do? Again, you have your Bug Out Bag, but you still have to
get out of the city.
Do you have a Bug Out Plan?
For our purposes here, let’s assume that your Bug Out Plan
needs to get you from your home to your serious survival cache or Bug Out
Location outside of the city.
I understand that not everybody has caches hidden
in various places, and even fewer people have a dedicated Bug Out Location.
While you should probably be working on that, you still need a Bug Out Plan.
There’s no way I can go through all of the various problems
you might encounter while trying to bug out of your city so you will have to
plan for yourself.
What I will give you are some questions to consider and one
rule: Contingency. Is your way out double, triple and quadruple backed up?
If the motorways are shutdown do you have an A road route?
If no roads are passable do you have an off road route?
If driving is out of the question do you have a planned
walking or riding route?(Do you have maps of your area in your Bug Out Bag?)
Do you have a rendezvous point with other family members?
A Bug In Plan Let’s back up a minute. Pretend you just got
home again, but this time you surveyed the situation and decided that you are
not in immediate danger but are still not at situation normal.
Now what do you do? A Bug In Plan is for emergency
situations where you can stay in your own home but have to rely on your own
preparations to survive.
This might just mean that you will be without power or water
for an extended period. Maybe it means you actually can’t leave your home at
all for whatever reason.
What plans do you have in place to live like this? A Bug in
Plan should include food and water preparations first and foremost.
What will you eat since all of the food in your refrigerator
is going to be bad soon? Do you really want to live on the backpack meals out
of your Bug Out Bag when you don’t have to?
How much water do you have stored? Do you have a sewage
system set up? (No water=nose wage: it’s always the little things….) Do you
have unprepared neighbours’ to worry about? (To help or guard against?)
Starting out in a survival situation in an urban environment
is almost an immediate set-back compared to those bugging out from more rural
areas, but with a Get Home Bag, a Bug Out Plan, and a Bug In Plan you are
better off than most people.
Survival Preparedness is a process or a condition of being prepared to survive.

Survive. The phrase could be taken literally – that is, to stay alive.
The words, ‘to survive’, could also be interpreted less literally – more
like staying healthy or healthier than otherwise.

the context of survival preparedness, some will describe this notion to
its very basic core – like the ability to survive in the wilderness
without any modern help whatsoever, you are on your own, life and death
circumstances,black and white.

Others will
describe survival preparedness more-or-less in the context of living
within today’s modern society parameters, and utilizing the modern tools
available today in order to prepare or be prepared for various problems
that may occur tomorrow.

What I’m trying to say is that
there are some ‘survival preparedness’ “preppers”that are more hard-core
than others and I’ve noticed that the movement has been coined with two
labels in an apparent attempt to delineate their core values.

not so sure that I agree with labels and definitions, knowing that
there are all sorts of ‘shades of gray’, but having said that, the two
labels are Survivalists and Preppers.

are the hard core while the Preppers are the soft core. Again, I do not
agree with the labelling here, but the fact is that it exists.

Prepper is thought of as someone who is fully functioning within the
system of modern society, preparing for minor disruptions that may come
their way, while the Survivalist is considered to be on the edge,
perhaps already hunkered down in their bunker or survival retreat –
ready for Armageddon.

As in all walks of life,
there are truly the extremes, and lots of in-between.When it comes to
survival preparedness, I believe that the spectrum is all pretty much
OK, so long as it’s within the law of the land.

there are so very many different types of people, personalities,
skills, and interests, there will likewise be a multitude of variety
when it comes to how one prepares, and what they are preparing for.

will interpret risks differently from one another and people will be in
varying vicinities of the risk themselves. Some face much higher risk
than others based on their geographical location, their occupation,
their own current financial and preparedness situation, etc.

think that it’s great how more and more ordinary folks are waking up
and realizing that things are not all Rosy out there and that there are
very real risks facing us all as the world’s economic systems are
teetering on the brink of failure while the rumour of wars fill the air.

will always be ‘newbies’ to survival preparedness and there will always
be veterans of the same. There’s room for everyone.

Just remember this… by failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.


You might want to take this with you when shopping.
It’s worth printing this and cutting it out to have in your wallet or purse.
Let’s stop the out sourcing of our jobs.Help the British farmers and pass this on

all the food and pet products now coming from China , it is best to
make sure you read label at the grocery store and especially Walmart
/Asda when buying food products.

Many products no longer show where they were made, only give where the distributor is located.
It is important to read the bar code to track its origin. How to read Bar Codes …. interesting!
This may be useful to know when grocery shopping, if it’s a concern to you.

The whole world is concerned about China-made “black hearted goods”.
Can you differentiate which one is made in Taiwan or  China ?

If the first 3 digits of the barcode are 690 691 or 692, the product is MADE IN  CHINA.
471 is Made in Taiwan .
is our right to know, but the government and related departments never
educate the public, therefore, we have to RESCUE ourselves.

adays,Chinese businessmen know that consumers do not prefer products
“MADE IN CHINA “, so they don’t show from which country it is made.

However,you may now refer to the barcode – remember if the first 3 digits are:

690-692 … then it is MADE IN  CHINA
00 – 09 … USA    &  CANADA
30 – 37 FRANCE
40 – 44 GERMANY
471 …. Taiwan
49 … JAPAN
50 … UK

BUY ‘BRITISH’ by watching for “50” at the beginning of the number.
We need every boost we can get!  Pass this on to everybody on your E-Mail Contact List!!