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This Weeks Show 14th April 2017

Listen to my show HERE

Due to a very bad chest infection I was unable to record my show this week. Please enjoy this compilation of previously broadcast articles.

Thank you for listening


This Weeks Show 7th April 2017

LISTEN to my show HERE



This week I begin with the Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, then the Luvele Dehydrator review, What is a BOV, and Do I Need One? My Bug-Out Belt, The Wilderness Gathering, A Tough Question, The Bug Out Survival Show 2017, When The Bug Out Bag Runs Out – What To Do After 72 Hours? Being Prepared, Could you live the Prepper Lifestyle? Organizing your every Day Carry, What to do when you bring the bacon home? Fishing to Survive, Out and About.

Welcome to the UK’s Premier Preppers and Survivalist Radio Show, I’m you host Tom Linden.

Thank you for listening and joining me again this week. If you are new to my show welcome to you too, I try to mix subjects on prepping and survival as pre SHTF we prepare, we are preppers, but post SHTF we become survivors.

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All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. Thank you Blizzard

The Luvele Dehydrator Review

The model I reviewed is the Luvele Flow Food Dehydrator, 250w, with 5 trays costing £42,95.

Dehydration is the process, where 90% of the original moisture in meat, fruits, and vegetables are removed so that the food stays intact for at least a month without any refrigeration.

In the past food was dried under the sun by cutting it into thin slices. However, nowadays with the advancement of technology, These devices which are available in the market and can help to simplify the process of dehydration.

Dehydration’s most important benefits include:

No chemicals and preservatives.

No colors, flavors or additives.

The taste is concentrated as it dehydrates well. You get the natural taste, which tastes good.

The size of shrinks to half of its size and thus can be stored easily In the freezer for months.

All the nutrition like vitamins and minerals are preserved due to dehydration.

It also allows you to save money by purchasing a large qantity at the same time.

As a prepper who would not like to dehydrate food so that it can last for an extended period of time?

As a non-prepper who would not like to dehydrate food so that it can last for an extended period of time?

It makes sense, it makes food last longer and it tastes fantastic.

So far, I’ve used the dehydrator to make a couple of batches of each of: Apple chips (thin apple slices) Beef jerky I made my own marinade. Bacon bits, bought from local shop as (bacon pieces and cut thinly by me)

Here’s a tip from the internet, Slice your meat while it’s slightly frozen. That way you can make thin slices (about a 1/4 inch thick) without cutting off your finger, or worse, swearing.

Here is the recipe I used for my first ever dehydrator beef jerky.

200ml soy sauce

2 tsp salt

2 tsp garlic granules

2 tbsp ketchup

1 tsp pepper (if u like use chilli)

thinly sliced beef

Simply, Mix all the ingredients in a big bowl. Put the meat inside and let it stand overnight.

Then place it in the dehydrator making sure each piece is not touching another.

The fruit I simply slice thinly and place again in the dehydrator.

So what do I think, well, the taste is decided by me, the amount produced is never enough for me as I love it and will eat it until all is gone.

As a dry survival food it is the best, and if added to main meals it simply uplifts them into another food sensation.

Look dea listener just buy one and see for yourself.

What is a BOV, and Do I Need One?

Firstly this is for Paul who texted in last week wanting to know a bit about BOV’s.

A BOV or Bug Out Vehicle is some form of transport that will take you away from your current location in a time of crisis or distress. Almost anything that will move can be considered a potential BOV candidate.

That includes motor vehicles, animals, human powered devices or anything that can carry or tow some kind of load.

The next question is “do I need one?”

The simple answer is yes, it is very likely that you will need something to move you and your stuff around at one time or another. Even if you are well set up in a great location, there may come a time you will need to move.

I can’t elaborate on what the circumstances may be to make you move, but I can make some suggestions that will help you decide what you may require when that time comes.

Firstly, how many, how far, how much, how often? This is where you start to question what you need to move and how far you need to move it. If it is just one person, and they have a small bag of things, then the demands are not great.

However, if it is your whole family, and everything goes with you including the kitchen sink, then you will need something more substantial.

How many?

So, how many people are included in the group that are willing and able to move from your established location? Take into consideration that if your group is large, some might not wish to go even if it is against their better judgment.

Some of the group may have special requirements that will take up more space, things that cannot be left behind like medical equipment or wheelchairs.

Also consider that you may even have extra people to move around. You never know what might happen, and if you can make provision for these possibilities, within reason, more power to you.

How far?

Is your new location across the road, across the city, across the county, across the country, maybe even across the world! You will need to identify the location you wish to get to, and what might be required to get there.

That includes consumables, possible repairs and any chance you might have to adjust your course. Make allowances in your plan to get there via the ‘scenic route’.

How much?

This is what you plan to take with you if you do have to move. If you are in a set location with good resources and a chance of living well, then your absence may be short, until you can return.

In that case, short term items are of prime consideration, with a few longer term items thrown in just in case.

If you plan to bug out, and stay bugged out, then you will have to take a lot of gear with you. You must make plans to take all that gear with you safely and efficiently.

You may have to leave some of it behind, or hide it until the time is right to retrieve it. You may have to hide some of your gear beforehand to lessen the burden later on. This must all be considered and factored into your plan.

How often?

Do you plan to move once, a few times or be continually on the move? If it is just once, think about where that one move is going to, and will you have to move again?

If the answer is yes, then your plans for the one move have already failed. Also, if you plan to continually move, will you be able to stay for an extended period in one spot if the circumstance permit?

You must be willing to be flexible in these plans, even if you have no thoughts of going anywhere, it is wise to be prepared ahead of time if the unthinkable occurs and you do have to move.

Different styles of travel require different modes of transport, and the transport you select must be able to follow those plans, or you aren’t going anywhere!

In the end, if you plan to survive for a long time, you will very likely have to move around a little no matter how well prepared you are, as even the best-laid plans sometimes fail.

Whichever way you decide to go, a good reliable BOV should always be placed high on the list of needs, even if it is just as an emergency.


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My belt is the most compact adventure survival belt on the market.

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The applications for its use are endless… Wherever you go, the AlpenLITE Belt goes with you and can be immediately deployed.

It fits like a normal belt only slightly thicker but unnoticeable while wearing. It is hands free and always there when you need it, from morning till night, the AlpenGuide Belt System is there waiting to assist you.

My Belt really is the most compact rescue adventure belt in the world!

You can order yours at

The Wilderness Gathering

If you’ve never been to the Gathering before and you love nature and the outdoors, then this is the family show for you – Wilderness Gathering, a unique Bushcraft event, is the longest running and still the original festival of bushcraft, survival and primitive living skills.

The Gathering has become a social event and brings together families and friends, all those interested in Bushcraft and Wilderness living skills to enjoy a weekend of knowledge sharing in a relaxed and family friendly atmosphere

Live Music

Not only is the Gathering the place you to come to – to learn new skills, brush up on your old ones and meet some of the best bushcraft experts in the country but it has also become, over the past fifteen years, the place you come to – to gather and socialise round the campfire with friends, old and new.

Childrens Bushcraft

The Coyote Clubs were introduced in 2005 and host a comprehensive range of events and activities specifically tailored for children from 5 to 15 year old.

The Masterclass

The Masterclasses were introduced in 2005 and are your opportunity to study your favourite Bushcraft subject in depth with a leading Bushcraft instructors.

Where is it?

Located on a South Wiltshire farm with lakes and 30 acres of old oak woodlands. You get access to woodlands and fields to erect whatever shelter you want.

Add to this great food, local cider, mead, evening entertainment. great people and it’s now over 5 days it has to time to get booked

A Tough Question

My wife asked me yesterday, what I plan to do with family members who don’t prep, in the event of an actual SHTF emergency.

My brothers and sister and their families are some of those non-preppers, even though they know all about my views on that subject. On a side note, does it tarnish my prepper credibility when I can’t even convince my own siblings to prep?

I think that there are two questions in my Wife’s question, firstly will I help them if the SHTF? how far do I plan on helping, in terms of number of people/days? And if at all, I am going to help them in the first place.

These are questions I feel that every prepper must ask themselves when they start prepping, and it probably needs to be re-asked every few years or so as situations change.

I figure the answer to the first question will depend on the type of the emergency.

If it’s a small local emergency, like a house fire, flood or say the loss of their roof in high winds then yes, I am of course going to help them.

I can offer them a place to stay. I know my food preps would feed the family for some time.

What about a major SHTF event?

No one is perfect, in fact we all have weak points and perhaps illness’s to. What they may not have in health, they could make up for with experience, knowledge and skills.

Bringing extra adults (who you know) into my group would help greatly as there would be even more people to forage food and fire wood etc. and also allow for some sort of guard rota to be set up.

Remember if there are long standing fractions between you and the proposed incomers then stop, think, and re-think, can you handle that level of friction and argument? Do you need it?

Perhaps joining up is not going to be good for you, perhaps all you can offer is some of your prepps as you decide to not let them in.

Before any of this happens and you are faced with a decision of the heart, why not plan for what you would do IF this situation arose in the first place.

Work out, (knowing your family members etc.) how much extra food and water etc. You would need if they joined your group.

How long that food and water would last and where they all would sleep. As preppers we usually only prep for our immediate family so in this case the numbers change and we must take this into account.

Perhaps the actual question is, would I help in the first place, are my family behind any decision I make? can I afford to provide exactly the same quality of prepps for my extended family as I do for my immediate family?

If I and my family agree to help then should my extended family members help me financially in some way as it is they who will benefit should SHTF

My sister and her family live near Birmingham 130 miles away, one brother and his family live down south 135 miles away and the other and his family live about 15 miles away.

Two are too far away to make it here if the SHTF, which means I don’t really only have one to prep for. And on one level, it is not good because I love them dearly, and want them to make it too.

I think that it might help me and my conscience if I inform my brothers and sister that I cannot be there from them all and perhaps include information on what to do to start prepping for themselves in the future and explain that not to do so is very serious indeed, in fact I would go so far as to say it would be like planning to not survive.

In conclusion I would finish by telling them that I have planned for me and my immediate families’ survival and ask them not to rely on knocking on my door.

As I have said many times before, this question is one of the toughest you will have to ask and now is the time to ask it.

Gather your immediate family together and discuss it and come up with your own answer then act on it.

The Bug Out Survival Show 2017

Survival learning for all of your family 29th April to 01st May 2017

The B.O.S.S. is run by Ian Coulthard . Ian says, I am a Prepper Survivalist and I run a annual survival event weekend for any one who wants to come along and learn new skills and idea from experienced Survivalist’s, Bushcrafter’s and Prepper’s or share skills they already know with others. The B.O.S.S is a weekend for all the family to come and learn new survival skills in different areas of survival.

Prepping, Bushcraft and survival are in ways different stiles of learning how to stay alive in different situations. Even though they are of different styles of survival they do tend to blend in together with just one goal and the end result being able to use the knowledge and skills you have to stay alive.

The B.O.S.S is held on the first bank holiday weekend of every May and is a great opportunity for people to come along and learn new skills in all three styles of survival while meeting like minded people and making new friends with people of a similar interest.

Check out his FB page

Check out his website

When The Bug Out Bag Runs Out – What To Do After 72 Hours?

So you’ve had to abandon your home or BOL (or was not at it when the fan blades turned brown) and now you’re on the last day of your bug out bag, what now?

The first thing you should do is STOP and take a minute to reflect.

Check through your bag and see what’s still useful and what’s low or gone.

For the most part everything inside your bag will last for weeks or even months if it has to. Your fire starter should still be in good shape, your emergency blankets are ok, you still have a tent….but what about your food and water? AAH yes!

These are the real dangers.

You still have heat, shelter, and light but without food and water, especially water, you will die all warm and toasty.

Without food you’ll begin to feel hungry and run down in a day or two but you’re still ok for about another three weeks.

Assuming you have a destination you’re trying to reach where you can resupply you won’t starve if you make it there in time.

Without water however you’re in much worse shape. You have 2-3 days before your body shuts down and you eventually die on about the 4th day.

I have heard stores of people living 5 days, and even 7 without water but the average and the rule of thumb is 3 days.

Examine your surroundings and weight your options.

If your goal is to get where ever you’re going and you know for sure that you can reach it in 1-2 days, then start marching.

Don’t stop except to rest at night. Try to conserve all the water you can by not sweating.

If you don’t have a place to go or you’re more than 2-3 days out for a BOL, then you need to start looking for water.

If you’re in the wilderness look and listen for signs of water and head in that direction.

Signs can be green spots of vegetation in the distance (you may have to do for it), naturally occurring valleys between hills, or something as obvious as a creek bed.

If your survival scenario puts you in an arid environment such as a desert you should start planning now for your water, not after the shtf.

Have a plan and a place to go and carry enough water to get you there otherwise you will surely die. If possible drive the area now while you can think and plan things out.

It may be possible to cache some extra supplies in a hidden spot along your path, but you have to do this beforehand.

If you’re in an urban environment (which most will be) remember that there is probably water all around you, although it may not be drinkable.

It would be hard to imagine a house without at least one can of pop or a bottle of water somewhere inside. Hopefully you will find someone who can spare a bit.

Spigots on houses (beware the owners), ditches, man-made lakes, and swimming pools are all great sources.

If all hell has truly broke loose then take refuge inside of an abandoned house and look for water in water heaters, the BACK of toilets (not the bowl), and sink traps.

They will all hold some water. Just remember that this water will more than likely be contaminated so filter and boil it first.

Once your water is restocked either hunker down and build a temp base camp until you can locate food, or keep moving to your BOL.

If you’re in luck your scenario may be over by then and you can begin going back to a normal life.

If not I hope you are learning self-sufficient skills now as well as basic long term survival.

Being Prepared

A popular misconception about being prepared is that you are preparing for a total, catastrophic meltdown that throws us all back to the stoneage.

One minute we’re living, the next we’re running around in chest rigs and getting into fire fights with those who would take what we have.

A SHTF event can be anything from an aggravating annoyance to what I have just described .

You can move or leave if it’s a localized event so it’s not SHTF

There are any number of scenarios where this simply isn’t true.

Medical issues, family responsibilities, jobs, resources, quickness of weather events, etc can all conspire to prevent you from dashing off to safety.

And even if you could, I can’t think of a worse case of the poop hitting the ventilation than having my home destroyed or a family member killed.

Minor things like flat tires are so easy to deal with that they aren’t SHTF events

Really? Your car gets a flat in a coned off work area on the motorway, it’s hanging out into a lane of traffic and the flat tire is on the traffic side.

As those cars whiz by your head please explain to the class how you aren’t in a bad situation.

Take it a step further. Now it’s your wife or daughter. When they call you on the phone in hysterics just tell them to suck it up and how “minor” the situation is.

Let me know how it turns out.

You break your leg. Not a SHTF event right? What if you just started a small cleaning business? You have three contracts at different apartment complexes and are a one-man operation.

Now you can’t work, can’t bill and can’t make money. Oh yea, your apartments will likely replace you with someone else.

Call me crazy, but something like that seems pretty bad no?

Because a situation is minor for you doesn’t mean it will be minor for all in your care.

Furthermore, any number of circumstances can ambush you to turn a minor event into a full blown catastrophe.

If there aren’t zombies it’s not SHTF

How old are you? Forget the zombies for a minute.

You go out to dinner with the family. You round the corner on the way home to find your house has burnt to the ground.

A chemical truck spills and releases toxic gas into the air. You have to leave and leave right now.

You have just enough time to grab your family but have to leave your dog standing on the front porch.

A major blizzard snows in your elderly parents house. Their power goes out and you’re dad needs his insulin to survive.

There is no way for him to leave, and very little chance of someone getting to him.

You move into a dream home for which you have saved your entire life. Six months later an earthquake damages it beyond repair.

You then find out your cut-rate insurance doesn’t cover the damages and you don’t have the money to fix your house.

You are on the way to take your oldest son to college. As you pull out of the driveway the phone rings. It’s your boss and you’ve just been fired.

Now sure, those are fabricated situations. But you can’t deny that in each one of them some level of crap has solidly hit the fan.

If I prepare for Mad-Max I’m prepared for all of the smaller things that could happen

People who focus on Mad-Max also tend to focus a lot on MRE’s and guns.

They also tend to overlook little things like tire repair kits, quality footware, cooking equipment, how they will take care of bodily waste etc etc.

While you are planning for your trip to live in the woods, did you remember to buy rock salt so when your driveway is a sheet of ice you can get out?

You know what else they tend to overlook?

Training. Yea. Kinda important to know how to do stuff, not just have the best gear out there.

It’s just too easy to get wrapped up in the fantasy land of becoming a wandering one-man army in your brand new Multicam kit and your 1000 yard rifle when all you think about is SHTF.

Trust me, it will cause you to overlook a simple preparation along the way.

Could you live the Prepper Lifestyle?

Living a prepper lifestyle is not only good for preparing for the future, but it’s a great way to live a less stressful life. Many people get tired of the rat race and long for something more calming.

A few give up their suburban lives and head for remote locations. That’s not what being a prepper is about.

Being a prepper is not about pulling yourself away from society and living like a hermit.

It’s simply living a life that doesn’t rely on the others to see you through a short term or long term disaster. While being a prepper is a great way to live, it’s really not for everyone.

So how can you tell who’s a good fit and who will absolutely hate living the life of a prepper? First, living the prepper lifestyle takes a complete commitment. The life is not for you if you think you want to dabble in it and see how it goes.

You’re either into it, or you’re not. If you’re ready to give up the way you’ve been living until now, and you’re ready to break free of the capitalistic mentality taught by society, then the lifestyle is for you.

If you know that you’re ready to walk away from being dependent on others for your needs, then this is for you. You have to believe that what you’re gaining is a better life for yourself and your family.

If you know that you’re ready to get organized and are committed to building your short term and long term list of goods and supplies, then the prepper lifestyle is something you’d find to be a good fit.

Being ready to become totally self-sufficient is a good clue that you’re ready for a life change. If you’re ready to learn about self-protection and first aid and how to take care of yourself and your family through anything, then you’re ready.

Being a prepper is not about living to the extreme the way the wacky survivalists you see portrayed on television live. It means you accept that there are things outside your control that could impact your life greatly, such as disasters, government collapse, etc. – and you want to be ready for whatever comes.

That’s when you know you’re ready for the prepper lifestyle. But not everyone who thinks they are, actually is ready.

If you’re in a relationship and your partner is dead-set against it, hates it, wants no part of it, you’re not ready if you don’t want to risk ruining the relationship.

You’re not ready if there are certain things in your life that you feel you absolutely can’t give up – such as a daily trip to the local pub or that expensive cup of coffee.

You’re not ready and the lifestyle is not for you if you set aside money for supplies but then spend it on going out to eat or shopping for a new pair of shoes or the latest video game.

You’re not ready if you have a deep attachment to the conveniences of life and rely too heavily on technology. You can’t imagine your life without modern technology is a sign you’re not ready.

If you have an unwillingness to learn how to prepare for the future or aren’t interested in sustainable living, then you’re not ready for the prepper lifestyle.

But most people can I think see a day when the worst case scenario happens, and if it happens to you, you’ll have to deal with it – ready or not.

Organizing your every Day Carry

Having a proper every day carry (EDC) setup is one of the most important things you can do to be prepared, well, every day.

While you can get separated from your bug out bag and might not be able to get home quickly, your everyday carry is always on you to help you survive and get things done.

I have covered some basics on the best every day carry setup before, but that’s really only useful if you’re starting from scratch.

If you just want to fine-tune your EDC however, there isn’t a lot out there to help. Lucky for you, I have compiled a list of five ways to fine-tune your EDC setup so it’s more useful and always at hand.

When starting out with every day carry items, it’s common to start with things that go in your pockets. This is great until you run out of room and your EDC makes you uncomfortable.

Once you’ve got some EDC experience, try moving to other locations on your body for keeping items. The most common upgrade is moving to your belt.

By keeping your knife or multi-tool on your belt along with other small items, you can free up space in your pockets while keeping everything you need on you.

You don’t have to go crazy here and have a belt that would rival an SAS Trooper, but simply keeping your knife, fire starter, and multi tool on your belt can give you a lot more space than you had before.

Moving past your belt, think about your trousers and shirts with additional pockets that can hold items, too.

By spreading your EDC out over your entire body, you ease the burden and make it far more comfortable.

Weight vs. Usefulness

If you’ve had an EDC setup for some time now you probably realize that not everything that you think is vitally important really is. It’s easy to go overboard and fill your pockets with things you MIGHT use at some point.

If you’re feeling weighed down by your EDC it might be time to take inventory of what you’re carrying and see if the weight of each item is really worth it.

For example, you might carry a small water filter straw with you in a cargo pocket, but you could lighten the load by using a small pill container with some water purification tablets in it.

Another weight-saving idea is the use of a small LED light instead of a standard torch/flashlight.

While the torch/flashlight is better, the keychain light can free up space for other more important items.


If you only follow one tip in this list, make it this one. KISS stands for Keep It Simple, Stupid. Don’t overthink your EDC setup by trying to plan for every possible scenario. Your EDC is meant to give you a leg up on everyone else, not to be a mini bug out bag.

Keep things simple and don’t stress out about it. Keep the essentials like a source of fire, a knife, a multi-tool, watch, and a weapon if you’re able to.

Beyond this just include items that make you feel safe and comfortable without trying to plan out scenarios. Trust me, even the most basic EDC setup is far more than the average person has.

Less is Sometimes More

Having an elaborate every day carry setup is great, until it’s so elaborate that you stop using it. The idea of an EDC is to have it with you every day.

If it takes 15 minutes to load yourself up chances are you’ll leave the house from time to time without it, and that’s not good at all.

It’s often better to have less items with you that you carry all the time than a lot of items that you only carry every now and then.

Think about what you need and ask yourself what would happen if the SHTF and you didn’t have the item in question? Would it make a difference? If not, ditch it and free that space up for something else.

The less items you have the less chance you have at forgetting something or losing something, and that means the pieces you do use are more valuable and overall better.

Trial and Error

Finally, don’t be afraid to change things. I have talked about changing your EDC for colder weather, but you can make changes to it every day if that suits you.

Try items out and if they don’t work, ditch them and find something new. Don’t put up with pieces in your EDC that you’re not in love with.

These are things you have with you 24/7, so you better love them or else you’ll hate carrying them.

Try a few setups out to see how they work and if you like them or not. Try your knife in a front pocket, back pocket, belt…try it all.

You won’t know what you really like unless you try a few different ways.

What to do when you bring the bacon home?

As good as mass-produced bacon is, curing and smoking your own at home kicks things up to a whole new level.

Once you master the technique, the flavour options are endless. Like your bacon with a kick? Bump up the red or chilli powder.

Like it sweeter? Try extra honey, brown sugar, real maple syrup or molasses or treacle in your cure.

While the curing process takes some time, the recipe itself is a simple one. Any smoker will work, but electric models make it easier to maintain the necessary low smoking temperatures needed to get the bacon just right. Wood choices can be as varied as you want them to be, but hickory and apple are the two most popular.

Curing bacon at home is so simple that the hardest part of the whole process can be procuring the pork belly itself.

Bacon made from wild pigs is a bit leaner than its store bought cousin, but it tastes pretty good.

Prep Time

7-9 days

Cook Time

6-8 hours on the smoker


A whole pork belly from the butcher shop normally runs around 10-12 pounds. A belly from an adult wild pig around 4-6. The following recipe is enough cure for 5-6 pounds, if you buy a whole pork belly, just separate it into two, more or less equal, pieces.

5 pound piece of pork belly, skin on or off, your choice

1.5 teaspoons pink salt (cure also known as Prague Powder number one), available on the internet at around £4 for 250g)

1/2 cup Maldon salt

1/2 cup dark brown sugar

1/2 cup sorghum molasses, if you can’t find that then use molasses or treacle

1 Tablespoon ground black pepper

1 teaspoon red pepper flakes

2 gallon Ziplock bag

Cooking Instructions

Begin by mixing all dry ingredients into a small bowl. Rub the cure into the exposed surfaces of the pork. Really work it in, make sure the belly is well coated with the cure.

Place the pork into a two gallon Ziplock bag and pour sorghum over the top of the meat (honey works well too) and seal the bag. Place the belly flat into a pyrex dish (the bag will leak a little, they always do) and put it in the fridge. Flip the pork once per day for 7 to 10 days.

I often get asked, “How do I know when it is finished curing?” The answer is, when it tastes right to you. After day seven or eight, open the bag and slice a tiny sliver from one side.

Rinse it well under cold water and fry it like you would bacon. If you like the flavour, it is finished. If you would like the salt and spice to be a bit stronger, let it soak another day or two. Remember that the outer surface is always quite a bit saltier than the inner slices will be.

Now that the bacon is fully cured, remove it from the bag and rinse thoroughly under running water. The next step is to let the bacon dry completely to form a sticky pellicle.

I prefer to do this by placing the bacon on a wire cooling rack and running a low speed fan over it for six to eight hours.

Your bacon is now ready for the smoker. A good remote meat thermometer comes in handy at this point.

I like to start my smoker at 175 degrees. Maintain this temperature for 3-4 hours then bump it up to 200 degrees to finish.

You are looking for an internal temperature of 150 degrees on the pork belly. Once you reach this point, the bacon is finished. Remove from the smoker and let the bacon cool completely before slicing.

I like to let mine come to room temperature, then place it into the freezer for an hour or two. The freezer helps to firm the bacon and makes slicing easier.

The fastest way to slice bacon is on a deli style meat slicer. A good sharp knife works too. Cured bacon will keep up to a year when vacuum sealed and kept in the freezer.

Use your homemade bacon just like you would bacon you buy from the supermarket. It makes a fine breakfast, wraps nicely around a pigeon breast or chunk of deer or steak, and seasons a pot of campfire baked beans like nothing else. After you get the basic recipe down, try flavours to make your own perfect blend.

Fishing to Survive

In a survival situation, once you have found shelter, built a fire and collected water, your next task will be to find food resources.

And whilst it is perfectly possible to exist without food for a few weeks and live off edible wild plants and berries, you’ll no doubt be glad of a hearty meal.

Therefore, it’s very useful to learn some fishing skills and here are some tips; assuming that you have no fishing gear with you.

If you’re near water, the first thing you must do if you’re looking to catch fish is to spend a bit of time observing how the fish behave each day.

Like you, they’ll also be looking for their next meal, so you’ll need to establish their habits – when they’re active, where in the water they head for etc.

An additional tip, however, is to consider the temperature if you’re not sure where to look. In hot weather where the water is low, you’ll probably find them in deeper shaded water and when it’s cooler, you’ll find them in shallower areas where the sun warms the water up.

Some type of cord should always form part of your survival kit anyway and if you haven’t included a proper fishing hook too, you can always improvise and craft one out of a piece of bone, thorn, wood or a safety pin works just as well.

For bait, it’s useful to try to gain an idea of what the fish in the area are eating. Insects, a piece of bread, some raw meat, if you can find any, or worms are all good sources of bait.

Survival fishing isn’t an exact science though.

The more hooks you have in the water and your willingness to be patient and to experiment are going to be your biggest allies. Bad weather approaching is always a good time to go fishing as well as just after dawn and just before dusk.

If you are handy using your knife to carve out a piece of wood, making a spear to fish with in shallow water is another alternative but if you see fish swimming around in shallow water, it’s a useful skill to learn even though it takes an extreme amount of skill, quick reactions and patience.

A forked spear which can trap the fish between its prongs works best.

As for a net, you can fashion one out of using some kind of shirt or T-shirt tied onto a Y shaped branch.

Only your imagination can limit you to the kinds of fish traps you can engineer.

One of the simplest methods is to use the effects of the tide.

On a beach or area with tidal waters, build a circle of rocks and use small pebbles to plug any gaps.

When the tide comes in, it will bring small fish in with it.

Simply return to the rock circle later and see what you’ve caught.

Most fish found in freshwater are edible although some will taste better than others.

However, it’s important to remember that it’s not a matter of taste but a matter of survival. Once caught, cut the throat and gut it by slitting it from its anal passage to its throat removing the offal as you go.

Remove the head, tail and fins then smoke, grill or boil it.

Out and About

Here are three survival tips that are free, and won’t cost you anything.

There is a caveat though, that is you may need to force a slightchange in your b ehaviour and habits.

In today’s world of increasing economic woes, more individuals are turning towards criminal behaviour as they become angrier, looking for someone to blame, and may be down right desperate.

You, as a ‘normal’ person, may be walking among them from time to time and you don’t even know it or recognize it.

To a large extent, the key to avoid being victimized is to simply be aware. Awareness consciously (and subconsciously) changes your own behaviour such that you will be more likely to avoid dangerous situations that could escalate into violence.

How do you define ‘awareness’ in the context of your self-security:

Know what is happening or has happened in your field of travel

Look around you (and behind you) while moving (walking, driving, etc) outside your home

Make eye contact while scanning in crowded public places

Whether by paying attention to the news or ‘hearsay’, understand the history of the area you are about to travel in.

Most people over time will come to understand where the ‘bad’ areas are in their local region – areas especially vulnerable to crime.

If you are new to the area, or if traveling outside your own area, make an effort to discover where these ‘bad’ areas are. A great tool to look for crime reports is on, which shows maps dotted with crime reports in Canada, the U.S., and the UK.

Look around you (and behind you) while traveling

This simple behaviour is more effective than you may imagine.

The reason is that so many people do not do this, They are ignorant to their surroundings, and are the first to become victims.

Predators look for the weaker prey.

Someone who is looking down, or who appears to be in their own little world, they are prime targets for criminals.

Instead, scan around you from time to time, with your head up straight, as you walk with purpose – shoulders back, and confident.

Not only might you avoid an unruly-looking gang of troublemakers, but they might avoid targeting YOU.

Make eye contact while scanning in crowded public places

Making purposeful, but quick eye contact is another very effective deterrent to a criminal.

Here’s the reason… Most people purposely avoid eye contact in public places. They want to remain in their own little world and by looking down or avoiding eye contact, they are convinced that they will remain in that cocoon.

The reality is that they are entirely wrong.

Sure, that type of behaviour may avoid unwanted conversation that otherwise might initiate from a stranger, but that’s about it… By occasionally scanning and making quick eye contact with others, tells any potential criminal that you are not afraid. ‘Quick’ eye contact simply means don’t stare.

Staring will provoke a stranger.

Is this type of behaviour simply a bunch of paranoia? Do you have to walk around being paranoid to avoid being in the wrong place at the wrong time? No, of course not.

Granted, for some people, learning to do these simple things will feel uncomfortable at first – and they may feel as though they are being paranoid.

However, after awhile, this will become part of you, just like being able to carry on a conversation with someone while driving a car. It’s no big deal…

Bolster some confidence while you’re out and about. It may unknowingly ward off a pick-pocket, purse-snatcher, or worse criminal, without you even knowing it happened!


This Weeks Show 31st March 2017

LISTEN to my Show HERE

Download my Show on iTunes


The Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, My Bug-Out-Belt, The Mark IPN interview, The Wilderness Gathering, What is the goal of EDC gear? My Homemade MRE, The Bug-Out Survival Show, My Thoughts, I am Just, Dear Mrs May, Uses of a Pocket Knife, The Survival Staff, Basic Survival Skills, Wilderness Survival Techniques to Remember, How to make nettle soup.

Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer

Blizzard Survival .com have a fantastic offer for you the listener they are offering a 20% discount on all goods bought from them at

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Life-saving technology has never been so affordable.

All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. Thank you Blizzard


My BUG-OUT BELT was personally constructed by Scott Douglas Palmer

Who is Director of Cultural Development at Lion Corporation and Founder & President at Slatsmandu Corporation – Alpenlore, is my version of his awesome range of incredible Hybrid Survival / Tactical EDC Belt Systems

The colours I have chosen are designed to allow my belt to blend into the background in the outdoors environment and at the same time not stand out in a rural environment either.

My belt is the most compact adventure survival belt on the market.

The AlpenLITE Belt System is a type of “Hyper Belt” which is an exceptional ON THE FLY adventure Belt that can be worn as an everyday belt, very soft and flexible but solid. and incredibly useful.

High tension outdoor Pro-cord, a type of advanced para-cord (paracord ), can be used for a multitude of Bushcraft, Survival, EDC & First-aid situations in multiple environments.

The applications for its use are endless… Wherever you go, the AlpenLITE Belt goes with you and can be immediately deployed.

The inner-core has up to 12 feet of layered hidden webbing. Together with the PROcord shell makes this belt system stand apart from all the others. Strong, lite & compact, just unravel and GO!

We promise you have never seen a product like this that offers such a vast array of features. Johnny Spillane (World Class Olympian) and 3 Silver medalist and world champion in Nordic Ski proudly wears our product and finds it to be a great aid that you carry with you but never notice its there” says Scott.

It fits like a normal belt only slightly thicker but unnoticeable while wearing. It is hands free and always there when you need it, from morning till night, the AlpenGuide Belt System is there waiting to assist you.

Specs Each AlpenLITE Belt SYSTEM is created from 100% Premium Hardware with fine attention to detail and proudly Handcrafted by Americans who have extensive experience with the Outdoors.

And the AlpenLITE BELT is the most compact rescue adventure belt in the world!

You can order yours at

The International Preperation Network is making a difference around the world. My guest is a Coordinator with the IPN and I interviewed him to find out more about this organisation.

Mark IPN Interview

Usually the IPN only currently accept new member signups on the IPN website only if they have been given an invite code.

Mark says, I know I said in the interview we preferred group signups but I’m sure some individuals might signup anyway if they are not part of groups or if they want to get a feel for the IPN first…so perhaps we could setup an invite code for your show?

So talking to Mark we have agreed on the invite code of “prepper” which should be in place as you listen to this show.

The Wilderness Gathering

If you’ve never been to the Gathering before and you love nature and the outdoors, then we have the family show for you – Wilderness Gathering, a unique Bushcraft event, is the longest running and still the original festival of bushcraft, survival and primitive living skills.

The Gathering has become a social event and brings together families and friends, all those interested in Bushcraft and Wilderness living skills to enjoy a weekend of knowledge sharing in a relaxed and family friendly atmosphere

Live Music

Not only is the Gathering the place you to come to – to learn new skills, brush up on your old ones and meet some of the best bushcraft experts in the country but it has also become, over the past fifteen years, the place you come to – to gather and socialise round the campfire with friends, old and new.

As part of this tradition we invite gifted musicians to come and entertain us all over the Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights and this year is no exception!

Childrens Bushcraft

The Coyote Clubs were introduced in 2005 and host a comprehensive range of events and activities specifically tailored for children from 5 to 15 year old.

The Masterclass

The Masterclasses were introduced in 2005 and are your opportunity to study your favourite Bushcraft subject in depth with a leading Bushcraft instructors.

Where is it?

Located on a South Wiltshire farm with lakes and 30 acres of old oak woodlands. You get access to woodlands and fields to erect whatever shelter you want.

Add to this great food, local cider, mead, evening entertainment. great people and it’s now over 5 days it has to time to get booked

What is the goal of EDC gear?

I think the goal of EDC gear is to increase your quality of life.

Every piece of EDC gear should work toward that end. Using EDC to increase your quality of life is an ambitious goal, but there are a variety of ways to achieve that goal. Your EDC gear can increase your quality of life by:

Increasing your self-reliance

Increasing your security

Increasing your comfort

Increasing your safety

Everyone has different goals –

People place varying amounts of emphasis on the different aspects that relate to quality of life. What is important to one person could be trivial to another.

Some people are supremely concerned about safety. Because of this, an investment in a defensive tool would dramatically increase their quality of life.

Others aren’t that concerned about safety, but having something on hand to listen to or read makes their life much more enjoyable.

Some people gain supreme enjoyment from not having to rely on others. They have their pen ready when the cashier rips the receipt from the till. They have their torch ready when the power unexpectedly dies in the restaurant.

Some people would go nuts if they didn’t have a pen and paper to write down an idea that popped into their head.

Some people are constantly worried about how they would cut a seat-belt if they were in a vehicle accident or how they would treat someone with a medical issue. Simple tools could help to alleviate those worries and dramatically increase their quality of life.

Maybe you plead guilty to all of the above. Maybe you are thinking of something totally different that I didn’t mention. Perfect! That’s the idea. Think about YOUR priorities!

You will never be satisfied with EDC gear that caters to someone else’s needs, wants, and goals!

It’s easy to look at someone else’s gear and try to copy it for ourselves, but it’s not the right way to go about it. You have an intricate combination of personal priorities that are different from anyone else in the world.

It takes some thought to arrange these priorities and properly apply them to your gear. For now, let’s figure out what your goals are!

My Homemade MRE

I have been looking at the high prices of British Army MRE Ration Packs (About £10+ along with postage!) and I decided to opt for making my own for my bug out bag.

All of these items I bought from my local Asda so these are current prices. I would recommend using a vacuum sealer or Mylar bags with o2 absorbers to make these feasible, otherwise the shelf life I predict is probably not going to be reached due to the nature of some of the items.

Anyway, let’s begin, please note numbers after names are Calories, then price!


8 x Belvita Biscuits 445 £0.76

Coffee Sachet 75 £0.14


Cup a Soup 90 £0.10


Mugshot Pasta 307 £0.68

Lemon + Black pepper tuna tins x 2 340 £1.10


Boost bar 305 £0.25

Kendal mint cake 85g 350 £0.88

Pumpkin seeds 566 £0.55

Strawberry lances 300 £0.33

Coffee sachet 75 £0.14

So this leads to a total cost of £4.93 and a whopping 2853 calories!

I have also got three vacuum sealed bags of peanuts, raisins and chocolate drops which I would also chuck into the bug out bag, these contain a staggering 1750 calories for only £0.99 and will last for ages in the vacuum seal!

I’ll add as well, my MRE weighs about 870g, where as a normal British Army one weighs 1750g and also it’s technically not an MRE as it requires water and minimal heating, but I have both of those in my BOB so nothing to worry about really!

This is a very basic but very tasty MRE option and I am sure as I experiment further that it will develop and become more season friendly with both a range of hot and cold meals.

The Bug Out Survival Show 2017

Survival learning for all of your family 29th April to 01st May 2017

The B.O.S.S. is run by Ian Coulthard .

Ian says, I am a Prepper Survivalist and I run a annual survival event weekend for any one who wants to come along and learn new skills and idea from experienced Survivalist’s, Bushcrafter’s and Prepper’s or share skills they already know with others. The B.O.S.S is a weekend for all the family to come and learn new survival skills in different areas of survival.

Prepping, Bushcraft and survival are in ways different stiles of learning how to stay alive in different situations. Even though they are of different styles of survival they do tend to blend in together with just one goal and the end result being able to use the knowledge and skills you have to stay alive.

The B.O.S.S is held on the first bank holiday weekend of every May and is a great opportunity for people to come along and learn new skills in all three styles of survival while meeting like minded people and making new friends with people of a similar interest.

Check out his FB page

Check out his website

My Thoughts

Expect the conditions following economic collapse to lead to a new peasantry – office workers becoming field labourers or bandits; tied to food production by desperate circumstances.

But without modern sanitation and medical care, plagues and epidemics can run rampant.

Without modern education, many academic and professional categories will vanish. Expect religions and cults to experience enormous growth as oil-based societies return to more medieval structures.

Myths work as long as a majority believe them to be true. Leaders clad their agendas in the language and thought patterns of those myths. Until the 20th century, leaders used religious talk … now people believe that democracy and the free market really exist and that they are the mainstay for everything dear and valuable … Thus to mobilize today’s population, leaders use democracy and free-market talk.

It is like the difference between official socialist/communist concepts and real-world socialism/communism.

Our societies require the on-going integrated functioning of many factors, including electricity, water, food, heat, transportation, communication, medicine and security.

An extended manipulation or failure of any of these sub-systems can damage or collapse the others; and the collapse of one country or region can have huge consequences elsewhere on our interconnected planet.

Food is power.

We use it to change behaviour. Some may call that bribery.

Catherine Bertini, UN World Food Program Executive Director, 1997

A gradual collapse would not be SO bad. A fast collapse would be devastating. Most people will freeze, panic or reject the news – until they are motivated to move by thirst, starvation, looters and epidemics.

Many people who wait for help will die. NOW is the best time to make emergency last-minute preparations. How can you arrange to keep your essential possessions … and your life?

The essential difference between survivors and casualties is preparation!

During a disaster – every second counts! Waiting for help may kill you!

I think that the potential Stages of Societal Collapse are

Moral Collapse. You stop trusting people. You distrust your elected politicians, businesses, government employees, religious leaders and military. Unemployment soars and your neighbourhood becomes increasingly dangerous.

As riots and suicides increase, dysfunctional authorities may talk about the temporary crisis and seek scapegoats. I remember talking to Selco who described exactly this as the Collapse began in the Balkans.

Financial Collapse. You stop trusting banks. You cannot assess risk and your financial assets are not guaranteed. If financial institutions become insolvent; your savings may be wiped out, and you cannot access your capital.

As social unrest and suicide increase, airlines and borders may be closed. Authorities may call this a temporary measure and may blame computer hackers.

Commercial Collapse. You stop trusting businesses. Money may be devalued and/or become scarce. People hoard and trade basic commodities and medications, import and retail chains cease, and there are widespread shortages of survival necessities.

Supermarkets are guarded and you hear of food riots. Martial law may be enforced in cities. If your electricity stops – would you freeze in the dark?

Authorities may talk of a temporary emergency and may blame farmers and traders.

Political Collapse. You stop trusting governments. Official attempts to provide survival necessities are ineffective; and politicians lose legitimacy and relevance.

Emergency calls are not answered. Starving people want your food, medical supplies and weapons. You may hear of military coups or of millions of starving people. Authorities may blame terrorists.

Social Collapse. You stop trusting authorities. Social institutions become resourceless. Dead bodies become commonplace. Cities become centres of starvation and disease. Might is right … but who has weapons? Internment camps may conceal starvation and genocide … for a while.

Authorities may blame hoarders/ preppers.

Military Collapse. You stop trusting the military. Martial law transitions into local dictatorships. The military may perceive you and your family as targets competing for the same resources as themselves – or as potential slaves.

They may create systems of forced labour and slavery … fighting local wars over local resources.

Kindness becomes a strange concept. Authorities may blame communists.

Civilization Collapse. You stop trusting hope. Death is everywhere. People cannot afford to be kind. Urban regions become death zones. Nothing is more dangerous than desperate men.

Whose women and children will live – and whose will die? You hear stories of cannibals. You might be killed for a candy bar … you might be hunted for your meat.

The only authorities are people who can kill you.

Here is a cutting from a US Government report following the winter of 1609-1610: Concerning CANNIBALISM IN AMERICA

Driven thru insufferable hunger to eat those things which nature most abhorred, the flesh and excrements of man as well of our own nation as of an Indian, digged by some out of his grave after he had lain buried three days and wholly devoured him; others, envying the better state of body of any whom hunger has not yet so much wasted as their own, lay wait and threatened to kill and eat them; one among them slew his wife as she slept in his bosom, cut her in pieces, salted her and fed upon her till he had devoured all parts saving her head.

It hardly matters what causes it – financial collapse, global warming, an oil war or space aliens.

As infrastructure collapses, misinformation will dominate the media. Instructions and advice given to avoid widespread panic may worsen your chances of survival.

This may not be a good time to stay indoors and wait for instructions. It may be a good time to get out of a city fast while you still can.

Government agencies may tell you, while communications last, that their instructions will ensure your survival. But your survival may not support their survival.

Police in most countries (including the UK) are not obligated to protect you even now … and if you are not prepared, you may quickly die during a fast economic collapse.

And if you are prepared … you might just survive.

During a financial collapse your paper assets and perhaps even banknotes may lose value. Keep records of your stocks and bonds, certificates of deposit, insurance, taxes and other paper instruments in case of recovery.

Be prepared for hyperinflation and have a stock of useful money-substitutes for trading … coffee, sugar, salt, toilet paper, herbs, pain-killers.

Hoarding may not be a crime … yet.

During commercial collapse most consumer goods become unavailable, except as trade for useful items or services. Shops and supermarket staff hoard their goods and food awaiting some sign of recovery – and only distribute those goods in return for trade or protection, or at gunpoint.

Communications cease and food riots begin. Don’t expect police, military or firemen to protect you or your home. Suspected looters or terrorists may be shot on sight … which means anybody.

During martial law, little freedom remains, and martial law can be enacted with a signature. Expect curfews, rationing, closed borders and travel permits at first … later you may hear rumours of sealed cities, slave labour and concentration camps

During political collapse government services vanish. Your contracts, licenses and tax returns have little meaning.

Police and military use their weapons to protect their own homes and supplies from riots and starving people. Suicides skyrocket.

Highways resemble parking lots. Starving city people converge on farms near cities, known food-producing areas and vacation homes.

Expect stringent rules and road barricades to limit theft and contain epidemics. Expect summary executions for minor offences.

During social collapse most hospitals, clinics and schools cease to function. Their staff may not be paid and either be forced to work (perhaps at gunpoint) or become local enterprises trading their services for food, medications and essentials.

Disease is everywhere and medications are scarce. Equipment requiring electrical power may be operated from local generators while fuel is still available.

Few people care whether you live or die … and some would prefer to loot your dead body.

During military collapse the military forces become a new aristocracy based on scavenging and feudal farming.

Much of your food and property could be confiscated and little if any effort invested in your survival. Torture and executions are commonplace.

You’re on your own.

Unless you have needed skills you are an easily-replaced field slave or grunt soldier.

During civilization collapse most of your time is spent gathering and protecting whatever you can hoard, trade or scavenge; and avoiding being robbed, enslaved or eaten.

Pity has become a luxury!

What skills are essential to your survival?

What goods would simplify or comfort your survival?

If you cannot survive without luxuries – how do you want to die?

Preparation is a better investment against chaos than stocks, bonds or gold. Stocking up on necessities is very cheap insurance, but be discrete, or you may be accused of hoarding, or be robbed.

Plan to survive.

Have what you need instead of desperately searching or fighting for it.

Other good insurance if you can afford it may be a large sailboat or a country house with space to grow and store crops.

Seek a rather isolated place, maybe a hundred miles from a city, not visible from the main roads, with woodland and surface water nearby.

(And if there is no collapse in your lifetime, you and your family can enjoy a boat / holiday home / smallholding with a good resale value.)

So read about survival. Use but don’t depend on the internet – or on electricity.

Get healthy. Walk and ride a bicycle. Find substitutes for artificial medications.

Sort out your fears and concerns now … you will need a healthy mind to protect your family. Life will be tough enough without depression, neuroses and panic attacks.

Dry foods such as rice, grain and beans are cheap insurance against a crisis. Stock enough long term storage food for a family of four persons to survive for three months, or for one person for a year.

Use this food regularly and restock it regularly.

Keep a supply of clean water … if you lose electric power you may lose drinking water too.

Wean yourself off addictive and unhealthy foods. Learn about and explore wild foods. Know, at least, which local wild foods are edible and which are toxic, and where they grow.

Stock up on needed medications and emergency medical supplies; learn first aid and CPR.

Ten acres of good land can support 4-10 people indefinitely, depending upon available water, land quality, tools, foiling thieves and management skills.

Locate a retreat in a low population density area – the lower the better – more than 160 km / 100 miles from large towns or cities perhaps the top of Scotland.

Let your survival be your best revenge.

Drug dealers, legal and illegal, do not profit from healthy people. Most physical and mental diseases are consequences of unhealthy lifestyles and unhappy relationships. Clean up your mess!

Following a rapid collapse, many people will die and survivors must cooperate to live. In remote areas and in rural villages, neighbours are still valued.

Most people, even with huge emotional baggage, even in a horrendous crisis, can participate in community – if they choose.

Community requires that people choose co-operation to individualism. It may not be easy, but it is possible.

Lastly in the event of a collapse, joining a successful community will become a dream for many starving people.

How will your community decide who to accept – and who to turn away?

How kind can you be?

How will you deal with armed intruders?

How will you commence trade with other survivor communities?

I am Just

Lots of things get people in trouble when they go into the woods including lack of preparedness, not paying attention to the weather, accidents etc.

More commonly, it is the attitude toward our safety that is the precursor to a life threatening event occurring.

How many times have you said to yourself or have heard others say, “I am just………” as in “I’m just going to walk up the ridge and see if I can see a deer,” or “I’m just going to be out for fifteen minutes,” or perhaps “I’m just going to run down to the shop.”

I believe these three little words “I am just” get more people into trouble than any other three little words I can think of!

Except I LOVE YOU Ha, Ha,

Most commonly you don’t say these words out loud, but say them to yourself, silently─ which is even more dangerous.

Many times you are not even conscious of your decision to leave your gear behind.

Unconsciously you already have made the decision to leave it because “I am just…….” When spoken out loud there always is the chance that someone, upon hearing you say, “I am just……….” will step in and remind you of the importance of always taking your emergency clothing and equipment with you ─ even though the possibility of having to spend an unplanned night out is remote.

When nothing looks familiar, and every direction seems to be the same, STOP and think about what to do next!

It is easy to convince yourself that nothing life threatening will happen ─ after all you are “just……………” When you use the word “just,” you are convincing yourself that the weather will remain pleasant, that no accident will happen, that you will not get lost, or that you will be able to get back before dark!

You are saying to yourself that you don’t need to carry your day pack with your emergency gear and warm clothing because you won’t need it ─ you are “just…………….”

It also is easy to rationalize away the need to always carry your back up clothing and emergency equipment.

As the years ago by, one hunting season follows another, and you have yet to spend that unplanned night out, the temptation to reduce the weight of the daypack you are carrying by leaving your survival kit at home, can be very attractive.

As you look to the mountains in anticipation of having to ascend on foot and hunt at higher altitudes, it is natural to want to lighten your load and leave behind those pieces of equipment that you have seldom, if ever, used.

Sometimes it is “space” or the lack of it, which causes you to decide to leave items behind that you should take.

Most often, it’s the short trips that get you in trouble! After all, “I was just………” You get complacent.

Nothing life threatening ever has happened in the past and so it is easy to convince yourself that it won’t happen in the future and if it does you can handle it ─whatever “it” is!

Ignoring the possibility of finding yourself in a survival situation is like playing Russian roulette.

Falling victim to the “I am just” syndrome is like playing

Russian roulette with five out of six chambers loaded!

History is replete with examples of those finding themselves in trouble who, after being rescued from some horrendous situation, said “I was just……..”

Several years ago in the US an older man left his camp one evening ─ he was “just” going to walk down to the end of the ridge and see if he could spot a stag.

The following morning was the opening day of the shooting season. He never returned and despite an extensive search he was not found alive.

Ten days later his body, partially buried under snow, was discovered by other hunters.

His emergency gear consisted of a .357 Magnum pistol and thirty seven rounds of ammunition, which he had used to try to signal his hunting partners.

Thirty-six of the thirty-seven cartridges had been fired, but were never heard by either his partners or those that searched for him.

He had tried to shelter himself by drawing two log ends together and laying slabs of bark on top of the logs to provide a crude roof.

His clothing, a mixture of cotton and wool, failed to provide the protection he needed from the environmental conditions he encountered.

Physiologically he died from hypothermia, but it also could be said that he died because he had rationalized away the need to carry any additional emergency gear.

Equipment that might have prevented the situation from developing in the first place – a map, compass or a GPS Receiver.

Equipment that he could have used to increase his protection from cold temperatures, precipitation and wind-chill.

Equipment that he could have used to attract the attention of the rescuers that were looking for him – a mirror, whistle, mobile, warm clothing, survival bag.

He was “just going to walk to the end of the ridge, to look for an elk and then return to camp!”

The words “I am just” when spoken out loud or silently should be considered a red flag warning!

When you say them yourself or hear others say them ─ STOP! The trap is being set!

Continuing on only will spring the trap and once you are in it, there may be no escape.

Without adequate clothing, without basic survival equipment (reliable fire starting devices, waterproof, windproof sheltering materials, a signal mirror and whistle), without the ability to build a fire or signal to others, survival depends on an individual’s tenacity to live, their ability to improvise what they need and luck – but sometimes that’s not enough!

As you contemplate what you should have with you as you begin a trip – even a short one, don’t use the words “I am just…….”

Dear Mrs May

Please find below my uggestion for fixing the UK’s economy.

Instead of giving billions of pounds to banks that will squander the money on lavish parties and unearned bonuses, use the following plan.

You can call it the Patriotic Retirement Plan:

There are about 10 million people over 50 in the work force.

Pay them £1 million each severance for early retirement with the following stipulations:

They MUST retire.

Ten million job openings – unemployment fixed

They MUST buy a new British car.

Ten million cars ordered – Car Industry fixed

They MUST either buy a house or pay off their mortgage –

Housing Crisis fixed

They MUST send their kids to school/college/university –

Crime rate fixed

They MUST buy £100 WORTH of alcohol/tobacco a week

And there’s your money back in duty/tax etc

It can’t get any easier than that!

P.S. If more money is needed, have all members of parliament pay back their falsely claimed expenses and second home allowances

Also let’s put the pensioners in jail and the criminals in a nursing home

This way the pensioners would have access to showers, hobbies and walks.

They’d receive unlimited free prescriptions, dental and medical treatment, wheel chairs etc. and they’d receive money instead of paying it out.

They would have constant video monitoring, so they could be helped instantly, if they fell, or needed assistance.

Bedding would be washed twice a week, and all clothing would be ironed and returned to them.

A guard would check on them every 20 minutes and bring their meals and snacks to their cell.

They would have family visits in a suite built for that purpose.

They would have access to a library, weight room, spiritual counselling, pool and education.

Simple clothing, shoes, slippers, PJ’s and legal aid would be free, on request.

Private, secure rooms for all, with an exercise outdoor yard, with gardens.

Each senior could have a PC a TV radio and daily phone calls.

There would be a board of directors to hear complaints, and the guards would have a code of conduct that would be strictly adhered to.

The criminals would get cold food, be left all alone and unsupervised. Lights off at 8pm, and showers once a week. Live in a tiny room and pay £600.00 per week and have no hope of ever getting out.

Now think about this


Is it just me, or does anyone else find it amazing that during the mad cow epidemic our government could track a single cow, born in Appleby almost three years ago, right to the stall where she slept in the county of Cumbria?

And, they even tracked her calves to their stalls. But they are unable to locate 125,000 illegal immigrants wandering around our country. Maybe we should give each of them a cow.

What do you think, am I right-let me know.

Uses of a Pocket Knife

I have always said that every responsible person should carry a UK Legal pocket knife at all times. However a friend asked “Why? What would I do with it?” my answer was this brief and incomplete list of typical uses: (It goes without saying that it would be kept sharp, oiled, and appropriately cleaned before and after each use.)

Frequent Uses

Opening Mail. Removing staples. Opening boxes and packages, removing tags.

Peeling fruit and vegetables. Halving sweetie bars for children.

Cutting up cardboard boxes for recycling .

Repairing and cleaning fingernails,

Removing splinters and thorns. Deburring wood, plastic and metal objects.

Chamfering holes and sharp edges. Marking parts for drilling or cutting.

Repairing handles on hoes, shovels, and axes before getting a splinter from them.

Scraping away rust, paint, dried or wet glue, labels and adhesive.

Cutting and trimming thread, string, fishing line, shoe laces,cord, wire, straps and rope.

Cleaning cracks and recesses. Extracting objects from slots, cracks and crevices.

Prying things loose. Trimming plants. Fashioning Wood and Plastic items by whittling.

Repairing clothing and shoes by trimming fabric, cutting threads, making holes.

Occasional Uses

Opening canned goods, Preparing food, and as an eating utensil. Preparing kindling for fire.

Dividing an aspirin for a fractional dose.

Sharpening pencils. Killing centipedes and scorpions.

Making stick horses, marshmallow roasters, and other utensils and toys.

Opening cheap locks. Making or modifying bandages.

Rapping on jar lid to loosen seal.

Trimming candles and wicks, and fishing line.

Scraping corrosion from electrical terminals.

Trimming insulation from electrical wires.

As a Screwdriver substitute, to repair glasses, watch, car, computer or other machinery.

Field dressing game animals. Making all the components of a spear, sling, or slingshot.

Extracting nails from tires. Tapping on pipe to loosen stuck valve.

Digging meat from a pecan.

Potential Uses

To cut seatbelt to extract trapped driver cut shoelaces to extract trapped foot.

To remove clothing from injury in First Aid.

To write by scribing on something.

For Personal defence against man or beast.

Cutting hose for snorkel or breathing tube.

To dig through a wall to safety.

Remove thorns from prickly pear, so it can be eaten.

For the steel part of fire making by flint and steel (sacrificial; this really tears it up.)

To fashion weapons and snares for catching small animals, or cages to hold them.

To improvise clothing and shelter from available materials.

Since no human has survived more than a few days in the natural world without having or making some kind of tool, and the quintessential tool, and tool-making tool, is the knife.

Anytime something needs to be made, cut, killed, trim med, blunted, butchered, altered, fixed, fashioned, assembled, disassembled, divided, pried, probed, scribe d, scraped, perforated or dug

At any time you need to interact with the physical world by fashioning or modifying materials more precisely than you can do with your fingers, or with greater pressure than you can apply with your nails and knuckles, a pocket knife is useful.

While it is useful for small tasks at all times, the extended capability represented by a knife for similar tasks in an emergency makes it an especially valuable accoutrement.

And the kind of knife you are most likely to have with you at a moment’s notice,

Everywhere you go, day or night, is a pocket knife.

I rest my case.

The Survival Staff

Just walk into the woods barehanded and you’ll soon encounter the first tool.

A knife takes a little more evolution to create, but there’s always a stick at hand. Even a crude broken branch has a myriad of potential uses, from brushing aside the webs of spiders to keeping enemies at a distance.

Ever since humans learned to walk upright they’ve compensated for the loss of those two other feet with sticks.

Go onto a modern hiking trail today, however, and the staff is a rare item. People are almost embarrassed to carry them.

Is it a sign of weakness? Or a mark of age? Or a fashion miss statement? Unless it’s a high tech trekking pole, the staff has fallen out of favour.

Historically, stick weapons are the mainstay of cultures where people travel isolated and wild pathways yet do not wish to present a threatening appearance.

If you want a fundamental level of defensive ability without looking like a paranoid invader, the staff is the perfect choice.

Although we think of today’s world, especially here in the UK, as tame and civilized, the reality we face in the wilderness isn’t so different from that of older and tougher days.

Animals of all kinds share the world with us and get cranky about it, and you can’t trust everyone you meet on the trail. A good poking stick can preserve the peace without causing serious injury.

In recent times society’s reaction to any form of animal violence has been to eliminate both species and ecosystem. I think we’ve grown beyond that, but not far beyond that. In modern instances of predation against humans, the individual animals pay the price–as well as any suspect animals who just happen to be in the area.

Our fellow beasts are intelligent as well as cautious–if they test one of us, and learn that we are pointy and belligerent, they probably will not try us out again.

That’s good for everybody. The guy with the stick is not dangerous to the balance; the guy without one is.

Luckily, I have seldom had any reason to apply this aspect of the art of Stick. The most common encounters I’ve had are with cows and the loose dogs who probably already had a low opinion of humans.

The only potentially deadly confrontation in my collection was with a grumpy young bull who showed up in a bad mood as I was trying to cross his field. No real carnivores have ever attacked me, and they probably won’t. I carry a big stick.

The hiking staff is much more than a self-defence device tool. It will be used most often for very ordinary things like keeping your footing. I can think of any number of reasons to have one.

To part underbrush on a trail, to take some weight and balance before you shift from this boulder to that ledge, to prop yourself against a current on a swift water crossing–the needs and the uses are endless.

Yes, you could make a staff on the spot, when you happen to need one–no, if you choose that last minute response, you won’t have anything dependable.

A good staff will save your life. A rotten branch won’t.

Basic Survival Skills

You might be asking, “What is the best way to approach basic survival skills,” especially since there is so much information available. Here are 6 primary components of wilderness survival to help you thrive in any situation:

More than any other skill, your attitude determines how successful you are in a survival situation. This first of the basic survival skills might even determine whether you live or die!

To start, consider “The Rule of Threes.” A human can survive for:

– 3 minutes without air

– 3 hours without a regulated body temperature (shelter)

– 3 days without water

– 3 weeks without food

The “Rule of Threes” provides a guideline of how to prioritize basic survival skills: first shelter, then water, and lastly food.

Surviving a difficult wilderness situation also requires meeting many challenges while avoiding panic. 

When faced with a potential survival situation, remember to use a “SPEAR”:




Assess &


By systematically assessing, planning, and executing your basic survival skills, you will help keep your mind and body actively engaged in addressing your situation. This will greatly aid in avoiding panic and other negative states of mind. By upholding an upright attitude, your chances of survival are greatly improved!

Many people who are forced into survival situations often get into serious trouble because of direct exposure to the elements. Most people in survival situations die of hypothermia, which can be easily avoided with basic survival skills.

Being able to build a shelter is of paramount importance in a survival situation. It is extremely important to prevent or minimize heat loss, or if in a desert environment, to minimize water loss. 

Here are some things to think about when planning to build a shelter:

– Location (away from hazards, near materials)

– Insulation (from ground, rain, wind, air)

– Heat Source (body heat or fire-heated)

– Personal or Group Shelter

There are many types of shelters to consider including natural shelters such as caves, hollow stumps and logs, as well as building shelters such as a debris hut, lean-to, debris tipi, or snow shelter. Of the shelters listed, the debris hut is often the most practical to construct in almost any environment. Learn how to construct a debris hut.

Since the human body is composed of 78.2% water, it should be no surprise that water is higher on the list than fire or food. Ideally, a person should drink about a gallon of water per day.

Many lost persons perish due to dehydration, and or the debilitating effects of water-borne pathogens from untreated water. In addition to water-borne pathogens, minerals and metals can be found in waters downstream from industrial and agricultural operations. 

The best sources for clean drinking water in a wilderness setting are springs, head-water streams, and collecting morning dew.

Popular modern methods for purifying and treating water include filtering pumps and chemical treatments, such as iodine. These can be efficient and effective solutions if you have access to these items in a survival situation.

The most widely used and proven method for safely purifying water is boiling. Bringing water to a boil and allowing it to continue to boil for 2-3 minutes will kill bacteria and viruses.

By maintaining a level attitude, creating a shelter, and obtaining clean water, a person can successfully survive for many weeks.

Even though it is not directly a survival need, fire is one of the most useful basic survival skills. It can help warm your body or your shelter, dry your clothes, boil your water, and cook your food. 

Also, fire can provide psychological support in a survival situation, creating a sense of security and safety.

Ideally, when traveling in the wilderness, it is best to carry multiple fire-starting tools, such as a lighter, matches, flint and steel, etc… Even with these implements starting a fire can be challenging in inclement weather. We highly recommend practicing fire starting in different weather conditions within different habitats. 

Good fire-making skills are invaluable. If you were to find yourself in a situation without a modern fire-making implement, fire by friction is the most effective primitive technique. Popular friction fire-making methods include bow drill, hand drill, fire plough, and fire saw.

Learn how to build a fire using the bow and drill friction fire technique.

You might be surprised to see food so low on the basic survival skills priorities list, though we can survive for much longer without it as compared with shelter and water.

Remember “The Rule of Threes”: humans can survive without food for roughly 3 weeks (though I’m sure you would not want to go that long without food!). 

Thankfully, most natural environments are filled with a variety of items that can meet our nutritional needs. 

Wild plants often provide the most readily available foods, though insects and small wild game can also support our dietary needs in a survival situation.

Be sure that you properly identify any plant you plan on consuming (using field guides and or the guidance of an experienced expert). Many plants can be difficult to identify and some edible plants have poisonous look-a-likes. If you cannot identify the plant, do not eat it.

The more you know about nature, the better you will be able to survive in the outdoors. To be great at wilderness survival, beyond the basic survival skills, requires an in-depth understanding of a variety of nature skills.

For example, wildlife tracking skills allow one to effectively locate wild game for food, and knowledge of herbal medicine allows one to heal illnesses with wild plants. Especially for the situation where you may choose to purposefully practice survival living for a lengthened period of time, naturalist knowledge is absolutely invaluable.

All of our hunter–gatherer ancestors had classification systems for living organisms, knew their names, understood their uses, recognized how they inter-related to each other, and were aware of exactly how to utilize those resources in a sustainable fashion.

This knowledge was at the foundation of their ability to thrive within the natural environment.

For even the recreational wilderness skills practitioner, a basic knowledge of the natural sciences (such as botany, ecology, geology, etc…) can be very useful and enriching. 

A great place to start is by purchasing the relevant plant and animal field guides for your region. These resources can help you begin to identify species and understand how they relate.

Now, with these keys to basic survival skills, you are well on your way to thriving in the outdoors!

Wilderness Survival Techniques to Remember

Wilderness survival techniques are arguably a matter of life and death. Turning into a self-sufficient survivor does not happen at the snap of a finger. It takes knowledge, proper gear, and preparation. By planning for the worst before it happen you could be saving your life and other’s.

The first thing to remember is not having a shelter, which really turns into a double barrelled mistake. If you do not have a proper shelter with you or lack the knowledge to build one with what is around you-you might be in trouble.

It is vital to create a shelter that keeps you dry and limits exposure to the elements.

The second thing to remember ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ is being caught without a working navigational tool. It is easy to get turned around in the middle of thick bushes and trees. A map and a compass are failsafe standards any wilderness adventurer should pack. Remember to practice using them

Thanks to technology, a GPS is a handy tool as well. GPS devices are small, compact, and generally able to work for a descent time period if kept at full charge. Keep navigational tools with you at all times

But do not rely on them as they can be dropped or the batteries can run flat.

You must learn how to utilize cardinal directions by the sun and stars.

Another common mistake that can cost you is lack of knowledge and preparation. There are five key things you should be knowledgeable of first:

How to build shelter

How to signal for assistance

What is safe to eat and how to find it

How to build and maintain a fire

How to locate water and safely prepare it

Never underestimate the risk factor. The most innocent of outdoor excursions-fishing, hiking, hunting-can turn into a wilderness survival situation. Always be prepared.

Don’t be caught with the wrong clothing. A rule of thumb is to always dress in layers, making the outer layer warmer than what you should need. Research indicates that most hypothermia cases develop in temperatures over 40 degrees Fahrenheit thanks to lack of proper clothing.

Water is essential to survive. The problem is finding drinkable water. Waterborne organisms can cause severe diarrhoea and vomiting, which increases dehydration.

Carry a supply of pure drinking water along with the ability to filter water by boiling, chemical tablets, or buy a Purificup.

Finally, be sure to have a signal plan and know how to create and maintain a fire. Almost any outdoor store has sections dedicated to signal devices. Whistles, mirrors, high beam flashlights, and fire starting devices are all easy to carry signal devices.

Couple these with learning how to create your own emergency signal by using trees, rocks, dirt, or even snow.

Fire is vital to wilderness survival. It can warm, protect, and heat food or boil water. You can even use it to signal for help. Do not underestimate learning how to make and maintain a fire. Take time to prepare for your outdoor excursions and you will be able to enjoy your wilderness trip and survive whatever may come your way.

How to make nettle soup

With consumers being so bombarded with marketing for ready-meals, fast-food, and other chemical rubbish often I find people forget about some of nature’s ingredients that are normally right on their doorstep!

This recipe will go through how to make a nettle soup, which not only is a cheap and easy to make meal but also extremely good for you.

Nettles (which are rich in iron and contain lots of great vitamins) have been said by many to have anti-anaemic, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. It’s also a diuretic so is great for detoxing and helps remove toxins from the blood.

On top of all that it also is a great remedy against arthritis, rheumatic conditions, allergies, kidney disease…. (And the list goes on!)

All of that from a pesky weed that most of us avoid and ignore!


First things first, pick a good spot. I would try avoid any spots that are nearby to roads as you’ll likely get a mouthful of pollution, and try to look out for the smaller sized nettles as they are more nutritious and tasty for your soup.

The spot I found today was in a clearing in a local wood but the same principles can be applied to most of the world!

Now you have found your spot, onto some practicalities of nettle picking, wear a good pair of gloves, or if like me you forgot to bring a pair then cover your hands up well. If you do get stung, take a look around for any doc leaves (big vainly leaves normally found nearby to nettles) as rubbing these on a new sting will relieve the pain.

Typically to make a batch of soup for four people you will want to get about half a bag of nettles.

At this point if you want to pick more nettles you might want to consider filing up your bags and then:

Preparing and freezing any leftover nettles for another day (just wash/cut/dry them and they will freeze well)

Making nettle tea by cutting off the tips (they taste less bitter in tea) and putting in a cafetiere. You can also dry the nettles for tea by either hanging them up in a warm place (the airing cupboard if you want them to dry quickly) or I’ve heard you can even dry them in the oven (probably on a low heat).

Look up some of the other handy uses for nettles (you’ll probably be surprised how versatile they are!)


1 large onion

2 or 3 garlic gloves (or more or less to your taste)

2 or 3 potatoes

Splash of olive oil

Knob of butter

Organic salt and organic pepper (to taste)

Chicken stock (this is very easy to make from leftover chicken) or just use a cube

Cream (optional, to taste)

Cayene Pepper or Chilli Flakes (optional if you like your soups to pack a kick!)

Making the Soup:

Step 1) Prepare the nettles (again at this point you may want to wear some gloves to avoid getting stung). Wash and drain the nettles.

You only want to use the fresh smaller young looking leaves so pick these off the stalk and discard the rest (or better still stick them on your compost pile!). I find using a pair of scissors is a fast way of doing this.

Preparing the nettles for the soup

Step 2) Peel and chop your potatoes, garlic, and onion and fry them on a high heat in a saucepan with a bit of olive oil and some butter until the onion is soft and the potatoes have started to go brown. If you want a spicy “sting!” to your soup then also add in either some cayenne pepper or some chilli flakes to taste.

Making the nettle soup mix

Step 3) Add the nettles into the pan and mix around with a wooden spoon and after 30 seconds or so add a litre of boiled water and your chicken stock. (If you have made the stock fresh you may need a few extra cubes to get in more flavour)

Step 4) Boil the soup on a medium heat until the potatoes are soft (normally takes between 12-15 minutes).

Step 5) Take the soup off the heat (and ideally let it cool for a bit) then blend the whole thing till you have a smooth consistency. You can return the soup to the pan on a high heat after this briefly to warm it up ready for serving adding in any salt and pepper to taste.

Step 6) Serve the soup with some nice organic bread and if you like you can add some cream by swirling around in the bowl with a small spoon for a mind blowing and decorative finish!

I hope you all enjoyed my show, if there is any subject you would like me to cover please let me know.

I wish you all a safe and happy week and look forward to being with you next Friday.

Remember every day is a school day.

This Weeks Show 24th March 2017

CLICK here to LISTEN to my show



This week I look at the Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, My bug-out belt, The Wilderness Gathering. False Flag attack, The Bug Out Survival Show 2017, Emergency Food in the Boot, Eating Road Kill,What Happens IF? How to Help Your Rescuers. Home Made Emergency Survival Bars, Thieves are putting health at risk by stealing treated crops, Some Things to Consider When Living Off the Land, Could your cat give you TB? Fears that deadly New virus could go Global, 10 Considerations for your Bug Out Location, Blackpack Survival,

Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer

Blizzard Survival .com have a fantastic offer for you the listener they are offering a 20% discount on all goods bought from them at

The Ultimate in Lightweight Thermal Protection.

The Blizzard Survival Brand incorporating Reflexcell™ material has become the new standard wherever thermal performance in a lightweight compact package is essential – for military use, casualty care, emergency preparedness, disaster relief, personal survival, outdoor activities…and more.

Reflexcell™ products are totally unique: weight-for-weight far warmer than goose down, yet 100% weatherproof, tough, ultra-portable and re-usable.

Life-saving technology has never been so affordable.

All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. Thank you Blizzard


My BUG-OUT BELT was personally constructed by Scott Douglas Palmer

Who is Director of Cultural Development at Lion Corporation and Founder & President at Slatsmandu Corporation – Alpenlore, is my version of his awesome range of incredible Hybrid Survival / Tactical EDC Belt Systems

The colours I have chosen are designed to allow my belt to blend into the background in the outdoors environment and at the same time not stand out in a rural environment either.

My belt is the most compact adventure survival belt on the market.

The AlpenLITE Belt System is a type of “Hyper Belt” which is an exceptional ON THE FLY adventure Belt that can be worn as an everyday belt, very soft and flexible but solid. and incredibly useful.

High tension outdoor Pro-cord, a type of advanced para-cord (paracord ), can be used for a multitude of Bushcraft, Survival, EDC & First-aid situations in multiple environments.

The applications for its use are endless… Wherever you go, the AlpenLITE Belt goes with you and can be immediately deployed.

The inner-core has up to 12 feet of layered hidden webbing. Together with the PROcord shell makes this belt system stand apart from all the others. Strong, lite & compact, just unravel and GO!

We promise you have never seen a product like this that offers such a vast array of features. Johnny Spillane (World Class Olympian) and 3 Silver medalist and world champion in Nordic Ski proudly wears our product and finds it to be a great aid that you carry with you but never notice its there” says Scott.

It fits like a normal belt only slightly thicker but unnoticeable while wearing. It is hands free and always there when you need it, from morning till night, the AlpenGuide Belt System is there waiting to assist you.

Specs Each AlpenLITE Belt SYSTEM is created from 100% Premium Hardware with fine attention to detail and proudly Handcrafted by Americans who have extensive experience with the Outdoors.

And the AlpenLITE BELT is the most compact rescue adventure belt in the world!

You can order yours at

The Wilderness Gathering

If you’ve never been to the Gathering before and you love nature and the outdoors, then we have the family show for you – Wilderness Gathering, a unique Bushcraft event, is the longest running and still the original festival of bushcraft, survival and primitive living skills.

The Gathering has become a social event and brings together families and friends, all those interested in Bushcraft and Wilderness living skills to enjoy a weekend of knowledge sharing in a relaxed and family friendly atmosphere

Coyote Club

The perfect introduction for your children to the great outdoors, lots of exciting events are planned throughout the weekend including:

The all important knife workshop which introduce the safety and fundamental use of knives & Fire Safety Workshop. Program of activities listed below. The first event for the coyote kids club and the coyotes will be a mandatory knife safety workshop on Friday morning. This will be run by Ian Cresswell from Lonescout Bushcraft. In fact there are literally too many activities to mention so click here to check them out.

And the activities for adults are just as varied and they are listed here

Add to this great food, local cider, mead, evening entertainment. great people and it’s now over 5 days it has to time to get booked


Scientists to simulate nuclear bomb going off in New York.

REMEMBER on 9/11 there was a simulation running

REMEMBER on 7/7 there was a simulation running

Just saying????

Scientists plan a huge computer simulation built to work out how New York would respond to being hit with a (small) nuclear bomb.

The scientists from Virginia’s George Mason University aim to simulate how Manhattan’s 20 million inhabitants would respond after a small device went off.

To do this, they’ll use ‘virtual agents’ – simulated people who react based on the testimonies of disaster victims.

Part of our modeling challenge is going to be figuring out if a parent would go through a contaminated area to retrieve a child at a daycare or school, putting themselves at risk in the process, because it’s important to them to physically be there with their children.
So is a NUCLEAR flase flag attack being planned I hope not.

The Bug Out Survival Show 2017

Survival learning for all of your family 29th April to 01st May 2017

The B.O.S.S. is run by Ian Coulthard .

Ian says, I am a Prepper Survivalist and I run a annual survival event weekend for any one who wants to come along and learn new skills and idea from experienced Survivalist’s, Bushcrafter’s and Prepper’s or share skills they already know with others. The B.O.S.S is a weekend for all the family to come and learn new survival skills in different areas of survival.

Prepping, Bushcraft and survival are in ways different stiles of learning how to stay alive in different situations. Even though they are of different styles of survival they do tend to blend in together with just one goal and the end result being able to use the knowledge and skills you have to stay alive.

The B.O.S.S is held on the first bank holiday weekend of every May and is a great opportunity for people to come along and learn new skills in all three styles of survival while meeting like minded people and making new friends with people of a similar interest.

Check out his FB page

Check out his website

Emergency Food in the Boot

In the boot of my car is my 72hr BOB and I have for for some time been thinking of expanding that for say a week and certainly in the case of food.

So I have bought a 40ltr plastic box with a lid and I have filled it with ten year shelf life German tinned sausages already cooked and in tins, five year Bread, some high energy bars, home made trail mixes, ziplock bags of pre mixed Bannock mix, boiled sweets, chewing gum, all day breakfast tins, curries and stews, tea, coffee dried milk, Bovril drinks, and a tin opener. I think that is all.

With water purification covered in my BoB with three different types of tablets, the Putitab, Biox Aqua tabs and a liquid treatment called Purinize and three different filters the Purifycup the Water-to-go bottle and the Personal Life Straw.

I know over kill but the tabs are very light and as it is an addition to my BOB and it is mine I will have what I want in it. You have that choice too.

I think that the car is one of the most important places to store emergency preparedness supplies because you usually are located in the same place as your car.

And, in the event that you are away from home when a disaster strikes, the roads may become unsafe or impossible to drive.

You may be forced to travel great distances and endure extreme weather conditions as you walk to a safe location or to meet up with loved ones.

Keeping emergency supplies in your car can also be a life-saver in the event you have a roadside emergency and become stranded in a remote location.

Emergency Food

Just keeping preserved food in your car is not enough because most shop bought food will not store safely in a car for more than a few months.

My food will store safely in my car for a minimum of 5 years, in fact it is actually rated at 10 years. However what ever food you decide upon, even shop bought is not a problem if you rotate it, which I recommend you do.

Emergency Water

You should also keep a minimum of 3 days of emergency drinking water in your car emergency kit. However, storing bottled water is not the smartest or cheapest way to store emergency water in your car.

Because of the extreme temperatures that occur inside your vehicle, bottled water will store safely for less than 6 months.

My water pouches are US Coast Guard Approved, 5-year shelf-life, 3-day supply of emergency water rations.

Since water remains the most important survival item to have, you can see why I have tablets and filters which can be used to purify extra water for drinking without having to carry it in your kit if you have to walk to a safe location.

Emergency Shelter Supplies

If you get stuck in your car or have to travel by foot in the cold, you will need proper emergency shelter supplies. That is why you need emergency shelter supplies in your car boot.

I carry proper shelter supplies including emergency survival blankets, ponchos to protect from the weather, and a tube tent for easy emergency shelter from the elements. I also have resuable heat pads, a tarp and duct tape just in case I have to cover up a broken window for example.

Emergency Lighting

If you have to get out of your car and walk to a safe location during or after a disaster, you may be stuck walking at night and the street lights may also be out.

People usually know that it is very important to keep emergency torches/flashlights in their car but often people forget that they also have to replace the batteries every 6 months.

I also have some 12 hour emergency lightsticks and a wind up torch. Don’t forget batteries…save yourself money and buy LED as they use much less power.

Emergency First-Aid Kits

Firstly every driver should have one now, never mind in an emergency. In a major disaster while people are at work, many may become injured as they evacuate the building due to dangerous debris.

That is why businesses need to keep comprehensive emergency first aid kit, and why you should have one in your vehicle too.

Emergency Radios

If you need to travel by foot to a safe location after a disaster, you will need to know where to go. In order to avoid walking into a potentially more dangerous situation, you should keep an emergency radio in your car.

I have a solar powered/wind up radio as well as a CB radio this radio is highly recommended because ordinary battery operated emergency radios have many limitations such as the facts that batteries only last for hours and have an extremely limited shelf-life of around 6 months.

Emergency Tools

If you find yourself stranded on the the road without any tools you are in a dangerous situation. When broken down on the side of the road, you put you and your passengers at risk of getting hit by oncoming traffic and passing strangers.

Getting stranded can also be deadly due to extreme hot and cold weather conditions; especially following a disaster when emergency assistance may not be available. That is why you need to be self-reliant and keep a roadside emergency kit in your car.

Eating Road Kill

In rural areas in the 20th century road kill was considered a table delicacy for many who would otherwise be going without meat. Deer, various birds, rabbit etc. and a variety of other animals killed by vehicles and left lying on the side of the road became an important source of protein for many a family.

An important feature of road kill is that the hunting has been done for you. 

There the animal lay; all you needed to do was pick it up, skin it, dress it, and cook it . A gift from God a hungry man should not pass up!

Many people have considered road kill to be a windfall.  As long as the kill is fresh and the animal looks healthy, its meat is perfectly safe to eat.

As with all meat, be sure to prepare it properly before consumption.

So You Won’t Eat Road Kill? Or You Don’t think you could eat road kill?

That’s simply because at this time you can afford to snub your nose at such easy free meat.

Sure, right now many of you are squeamish at the thought of eating road kill.

After all, your stomachs are regularly full and probably have been for all of your life.

You have never experienced first-hand what it is like to go hungry for several days straight – or even weeks.

Your cupboards are well stocked, and as much food as you could possibly want is waiting for you at the local shop. But remember that could all change.

During times of natural and man made disaster or economic collapse food sources can quickly dry up. It’s amazing how preconceived food prejudices are soon rejected when real gnawing hunger sets in.

After a few months without enough food to eat, you will think nothing of eating insects, worms, rats, or anything else that comes your way.

Served veg and gravy a nice road kill badger roast would be a seriously welcome addition to the dinner table.

When you think about it, what’s the difference whether that animal was dispatched at the abotrior , by a hunter in the forest, or a speeding vehicle?

I would say none. As long as the meat is reasonably fresh and well-cooked it will not matter one bit how the animal met its end.

What does matter is feeding yourself and your family; road kill could put meat on the table when food is scarce and your survival is at stake.

Road Kill is Good Food, Road kill is traditionally accepted mealtime fare in many areas. In my neck of the woods pheasants are daily hit by motorists speeding through the countryside.

The local gamekeeper reckons he loses up to 35 to 40 per day on the roads around the estate.

Just as when you shop for meat at the supermarket, you want to insure your road kill meat is fresh and has not “gone off”.

Although obvious signs of potentially spoiled meat include smell and the presence of scavenging insects, maggots, and the like, meat can also be spoiled without these signs.

You must cook all meat thoroughly in order to destroy any disease causing organisms or parasites.

If you find road kill on a stretch of road you had just passed over several hours before, then chances are your road kill is reasonably fresh and you are in meat.

As in all things, the best survivors are aware of their environment and open to opportunity as it presents itself, however unexpectedly.

Road kill meat is a potentially valuable resource in times of need and not to be overlooked by the hungry survivor.

Remember in the UK if you hit and kill game on the roads YOU are not allowed to stop and pick it up however the driver of the vehicle behind legally can.

What Happens IF?

It is a fact that an event like a natural disaster could trigger the collapse of any currency. And

What would happen if a natural disaster occurs and the UK pound suddenly collapsed?

When a major catastrophe hits due to natural circumstances or manmade events, the following always happens.

Lives are lost

A great number of property is damaged or lost: homes, businesses, community, buildings, etc.

Food and water supplies become scarce

Power is cut off

Lots of people are stranded

Communication is down

And if that disaster triggers the fall of the home currency

Help may be very slow in arriving

Everyone will panic and there’ll be chaos: violent mobs will be taking to the streets

Looting and robbing other people; there’ll be lawlessness in most crowded places

The cost of food will skyrocket as the value of the dollar plummets, there’s also the

Possibility of not being able to withdraw money or there won’t be any food to buy

Desperate crowds may roam your area in search of food

There may be no gas available from gas stations to fuel your car if you need to flee

It could become difficult or even impossible to travel anywhere

Family Crisis Survival

When crisis suddenly strikes, a lot of people will realize that they are not prepared. That realization will cause them to panic and fail to rationalize.

Not being able to think reasonably can cause people to become unpredictable and do desperate acts.

Normally, the government does everything to restore order and in cases when impending disasters are anticipated, they have readymade measures to follow that can minimize the negative effects of the catastrophe.

The UK government might be very slow if a great crisis hits the country and help might not reach everyone.

This means that you should not rely on the government for the survival of your family.

It’s time for you to assess how prepared you are. In the event of a natural disaster and economic collapse, can your family survive? Are you truly prepared?

The EU economy is teetering on the edge and a massive natural disaster similar to

The US dollar is the current world reserve currency and its collapse, if it happens, can have a huge impact that will not only affect the U.S. but the whole world.

If the $ collapses, a recession greater than that felt in 2008 will no doubt occur and it might even be worse. The U.S. might again be facing another Great Depression. That would affect the whole world at the same time.

So how do you make sure that your family can survive?

Preparation. If you are properly and fully prepared, you increase your family’s chance of survival, it as simple as that. When a natural disaster strikes, there is never a certainty as to whether everyone will emerge unscathed. Still, there is an absolute need to prepare for the worst.

You should start securing your assets. Some of the things you can do include:

Paying off your debts

Diversifying your investments. (If you have any) Invest in foreign currencies and in precious metal like gold and silver convert your liquid savings into gold or silver

Learn transferrable job skills

Keep your documents (i.e. passports) updated. This ensures that when the situation goes so bad that you need to move your family, you can do so fast. Store them in water proof covers or copy and laminate them.

These preparation tips can help keep you floating when the economy crashes.

To prepare for natural disasters, you must first be familiar with the types of disasters that may impact your location. If you’re near the coastline, your area might be a favourite path for unusually high tides and coastal flooding speaking of which you might be in danger of being in the way of a


No matter what type of disaster your area is prone to, the essentials for survival will more or less be the same for every family. You should have water, food, medications, first aid kits and a survival kit BOB you can simply grab and take with you if there’s a need to evacuate.

How to Help Your Rescuers

Let’s be honest here, accidents can and do happen and they can happen to you. Although the various scenarios I can think of are too many to mention from immediate life threatening health problems to a fall causing a broken limb we could all be in a position were rescue is our only option to survive.

Therefore I think it is very important indeed to be able to do the right things, the things that will actually help our rescuers find us more quickly.


The best way to speed your rescue is to tell someone where you are going.

You should make a plan for your trip, document your intended route of travel, planned activities, timetable, how you can be communicated with and key information about your travel group.

Leave this information with a person you trust and establish an emergency plan:

When will you be back? How long should they wait before calling authorities? Will you be checking in regularly? But whatever happens please, please stick to your plan.

If you do make a change, communicate those changes before you act on them. Sending rescue to the wrong location can be as bad as sending them on a wild goose chase.

Carry the correct kit

Buy yourself and your rescuers time by being equipped to survive for at least 48 hours on your own.

Train and practice survival techniques and basic emergency first-aid. If you are dressed in camo clothing then carry with you something like the rescueqik or some other very bright material like a cloth or bandana to mark you out.

Be Honest With Yourself – Realize When You are Lost

People in denial get themselves into deeper trouble. Be honest with yourself and accept it if you’re lost. Move to the next step.

Stay Put

If you’ve done the above and ended up in need of rescue, STAY PUT.

Find a safe location to set up camp and stay there.

This is one of the most effective plans if you have a reasonable expectation that someone will come to find you.

People tend to get themselves more lost when they move or take themselves out of the search area before there’s time for search teams to respond.

SAR teams using the data provided and effective tactics will narrow down your location.

Burn the Camouflage

Make yourself and your location as detectable as possible. Think in terms of sight, smell and sound from all angles.

Match your methods to the resources that may be used to find you. Your nice debris shelter may be warm, but a searcher may walk right past it if it isn’t distinctly marked.

Establish Communications

More and more of the country is covered by mobile phone signals and even satellite communications are becoming increasingly affordable.

Even if you don’t know where you are, trained SAR, the police and the phone companies can use the device’s signal to narrow down your location by pinging your mobile..

Be Ready For Variable Responses

There’s not a single standard for wilderness search and rescue methodology as far as I know.

Availability and quality of wilderness search and rescue varies widely across the UK.

It would not hurt to know the organizations that are responsible for missing person incidents in the area you intend to venture in to.

Find out how they operate and who the right points of contact are.

Don’t Get Lost

While every SAR team member loves to get into the field and apply their skills, they also know they’re taking a tremendous risk.

Remember that every mission involves putting numerous people, animals and resources in harm’s way.

They will push the limits “That Others May Live.” Respect their dedication and sacrifice by taking every effort to prevent an emergency before it happens.

Special Considerations for Children

A lost child is a terrifying experience for parents and an incident of greatest urgency for rescuers.

Given the limited mental development of children, especially at younger ages, it can be extremely hard to prepare them for being “lost.”

Please insure that when out in the wilderness all children in your care carry at all times a whistle, torch/flashlight, survival blanket, water bottle, emergency high energy food bars and are of course dressed in the correct clothing for the time of year as well as the environment that they are in.

Of course it goes without saying that they should have a basic survival knowledge in the first place.

So the things to remember are, make a plan, leave it with someone you trust, stick to your plan, dress in the right gear, carry the right equipment, and admit defeat and call for help if things go south.

Home Made Emergency Survival Bars


3 Cups of cereal (oatmeal, cornmeal, or wheat flakes)

1/4 tsp. salt

3 Tablespoons honey

2 1/2 Cups powdered milk

1 Cup sugar

1/4 Cup water

Why not add raisons if you like


Place all ingredients in a bowl. Bring water, honey to a boil and add to the dry ingredients. Mix well. Add water a little at a time until mixture is just moist enough to mould.

Place in a small square dish and dry in the oven under very low heat.

Wrap and store

This will make 2 bars, each containing approx. 1000 calories or enough food for one day. These will store for a long time if they are cooked until quite dry, and are excellent for emergency packs, etc. Eat dry, or cooked in about 3/4 Cup of water.

One bar contains only half of the nutrients of the whole recipe and therefore you may wish to set aside two bars per day to get the following:

Probably the biggest problem is the low vitamin C. However, in a pinch, a person could live a long time off these bars alone.

They are also a bit short in the calorie department, but are excellent in protein, over half of the B vitamins, and excellent in the minerals category.

I think that nutritionally they really smash most of the expensive bars you can buy from the different shops etc. and properly sealed would probably last as long.

Although I actually make them just to take with me and they beat trail mix by miles.

Thieves are putting health at risk by stealing treated crops

Please allow me to offer a word of warning, I firmly believed as I am sure many of you did that one food source (depending on the time of the year) would not by the livestock in the fields but the actual crops growing in them too.

But I had failed to calculate the dangers involved in doing this.

Farmers have warned people stealing produce from fields are gambling with their health.

Ronnie Haines, who farms more than 600 acres neat Coningsby, claimed the theft of vegetables – notably potatoes, cabbages, cauliflowers and carrots – was an increasing problem.

He revealed the majority of the crops had been sprayed with pesticides to combat problems with disease.

The pesticides do degrade, meaning the end product is safe to eat but people taking them from fields early may be risking poisoning themselves.

Mr Haines said: “We’ve had a lot of problems. Mainly, it’s potatoes but I’m sure we’ll be losing cabbages, cauliflowers and carrots as well.

“I don’t know if people realise we spray the crops. Usually, the pesticides last seven days – and then we spray them again.

“I’m not so sure the people taking them realise but there could be a threat to their health, if they eat them or sell them on.

“Basically, they shouldn’t be taking them in the first place.”

Mr Haines said he was aware other farmers had encountered similar problems and he believes the recession could be to blame.

He added: “We’re not talking about kids taking one or two potatoes. That sort of thing has always gone on.

“We’re talking about sections of fields being dug up, often overnight. It could be the recession with people wanting to save money but they’re putting their health at risk.”

Mr Haines said it was impossible for farmers to patrol fields round-the-clock. He also stressed there were financial implications involved.

He added: “You don’t tend to notice a few potatoes go missing but if you are talking about rows of cauliflowers then that’s a lot of money.

“It’s hard enough at the moment after the year we’ve had with the weather. People taking things is the last thing we need.”

Mr Haines warned a combination of the weather – and the thefts – could eventually lead to a hike in prices for consumers.

A police spokesman said they were aware of the problems but added: “We haven’t classed this as theft as the farmer had come to us more from a public education point of view than as a victim of crime.”

Well my friends you have been warned.

Some Things to Consider When Living Off the Land

Do you have a dream to live off of the land and experience the joy of sustainable living? There really are countless things to consider when living off the land. However, these 10 things are on my priority list and I think they should be on yours.

1. Land

2. Natural Fresh Water Source

3. Food

4. Shelter

5. Power

6. Medical Skills

7. Protection/Security

8. Methods of Communications

9. Disposal of Waste

10. Positive Mental Attitude


I put land as the number one priority on this list ’cause without land, there’s no living’ off of it! There is a huge debate about how much is enough. I say, you make do with what you have. But in order to produce enough to truly live off the land, you will need at least 5 acres.

This allows for enough space to produce for your family and your animals. When considering where to purchase cheap land you must consider things such as acreage, amount of timber, quality of soil, presence of water, cost of property taxes, and weather. A few places I consider to be the most “free” and people friendly (i.e. home schooling, land access rights etc.) are: Our National Parks, beaches and of course Scotland can be found just about anywhere, you just have to know where you’re looking.

Natural Fresh Water Source

We can live days, even weeks without food, but we will surely die without water in about 3 days. A fresh water source is crucial to your success in living off the land. Whether it be a lake, river/stream, spring or well, it must be close by and it must be drinkable. The cost of digging a well depends on your location, water table, and contractor, but you can expect to pay up to £3,000, Water Storage (tanks, cisterns, aquifers, and ponds for domestic supply, fire and emergency use) is also a necessary system to consider and institute.


Nutrition, and the production of food, is super important and a key factor in living off the land not only for your family, but for your animals as well. In most places a greenhouse for the winter is a must as well as a garden in the summer.

Additionally, you’ll need a working knowledge of traditional food preservation techniques using salt, oil, sugar, alcohol, vinegar, drying, cold storage, and lactic fermentation. Production animals (i.e. bees, chickens, cows, ducks, goats, pigs, rabbits, and sheep) provide a fresh source of food, among countless other things.

The start-up cost of purchasing your animals will vary as will the initial cost of heirloom garden seed. Depending on where you wanted to start, chickens and goats seem logical to me, you may be looking at around £250 to £500 for animals, garden, and seed. If £500 seems like too much initially, get started with a small flock of chickens; the eggs alone are enough to sustain and nourish.


The first item of business on our land, is the building of a root cellar, or basement. If nothing else you could live in the basement if we had to. Don’t get too hung up on building your “dream home.” All too often people shoot themselves in the foot by focusing their time, energy, and money on building their home first! Wrong, wrong, wrong! Live in a campervan or a static caravan if you have to. Your home is what you make it. Don’t waste your precious resources on lavish living quarters that can come later.

A modest home will do, and for a cost of around £5,000-£10,000 you can have a nice, liveable space. Or, if your conditions are right, and you have the skill, for £100 shelter can be yours.


When constructing your home/shelter, positioning it for power efficiency is of upmost importance. When living off the land, the hope is, that the use of power will decrease. Some of the sources for off-grid power are wood/fire, solar, wind, and hydro. Ideally, your property and/or your local area should contain enough timber to provide a heat and cooking source.

The old-fashioned cook top stove would need to find its place in your home. Solar chargers, wind turbines, and water powered generators are all rather expensive forms of generating power, initially. Which one’s better? It depends on who you talk to and where you live! Anyway you go, you can plan on investing around £2,000-£3,000.

Bottom line, the less power you need the less power you have to generate. Power conservation is your best bet when choosing to living off the land.

Medical Skills

Basic medical skills are a necessity for anyone living off-grid. Simply because in most cases you will be quite a distance from the nearest medical facility. For a £50 start-up cost you can construct an emergency medical kit. Purchase books like Where There Is No Doctor, Where There Is No Dentist, Where Women Have No Doctor: A Health Guide for Women. And for sustainability’s sake you will need to learn how to make homemade herbal bandages, tinctures, and syrups; all of which require knowledge of medicinal herbs.


Guns & Ammo. Enough said. Learn how to safely handle and care for a gun and get one. About £150-£200 should be fine here. Choose a weapon that fits your needs. Remember…we’re talking about living off the land.

Methods of Communications

Communication has been and will always be a very important aspect of our lives. Modern technology (aka The Internet) has dramatically changed the way we communicate with others.

There are a variety of Satellite Internet Services providers that are for the most part, pretty inexpensive. The initial equipment and set up fee will cost you approximately £400 with a monthly charge depending on what provider you go with. Don’t want the monthly charge? CB radio works well for local use and the Ham radio is better for long range communications.

Disposal of Waste

In order of least expensive to most expensive, here are 3 options for the disposal of human waste.

Humanure. Composting human waste is free. The most amazing system has been created and you can read all about it in The Humanure Handbook. If you are even remotely considering living off-grid this book should be in your home library.

Incinerator Toilet. The waterless incinerator toilet can be set up anywhere and is the perfect alternative to a septic system. One of these lovely things will cost you approximately £1,000.

Septic System. The septic system is the most expensive costing anywhere from £2,000-£5,000. This system requires modern electricity and running water in addition to routine maintenance.

Positive Mental Attitude

If you are going to live off the land and thrive, you have to have your mind right. A positive mental attitude, and a willingness to learn, will see you through the tough times of sustainable living. However, living off the land is no joke. It’s not romantic or sexy. It’s blood, sweat, and tears. It’s up with the sun and working for hours. It’s unpredictable. An agrarian way of life is a willing submission to the laws of nature and to the Creator. This will cost you everything!

Don’t ever give up on your dreams of living off the land! I promise there is a way…you just have to find it.

Could your cat give you TB?

Vets warn pets are catching deadly strain found in cattle and could pass it on to humans

As many as 100 out of every 100,000 cats carry tuberculosis, experts say

About a fifth infected by Mycobacterium bovis, found in cattle and badgers

Close contact with humans ‘ramps up the degree of public health risk’

Pet cats are being infected by tuberculosis and could pass the disease on to the owners, vets say

Adventurous felines are catching the disease during their exploration of badger setts or by coming into contact with rodents who have done the same.

They can also pick up bovine TB directly from cattle or infected milk.

Now experts says vets should be more aware that domestic cats can carry the disease.

‘The real issue with cats with TB is that unless they are feral, they tend to have close contact with humans,’ Carl Padgett, former president of the British Veterinary Association, told the Sunday Telegraph.

‘That is where you ramp up a degree of the public health risk through direct contact with cats that have TB and that is where I see the importance rather than driving the outbreak among cattle.’

]Scientists at the University of Edinburgh Royal School of Veterinary Studies say that as many as 100 out of every 100,000 cats could have a form of tuberculosis, more than previously thought.

A fifth of those are thought to be infected by Mycobacterium bovis – the strain found in cattle and badgers.

Most were caused by Mycobacterium microti, usually found in voles.

Professor Danielle Gunn-Moore, who led the study, told the newspaper: ‘You need to be aware that cats are acting as sentinels for other small furries that are infected.

‘You might clear the cattle, but if you don’t clear the cats as well, you could potentially get reinfection.’

The Edinburgh team found that, in one year, 17 per cent of the 187 reported cases of TB in cats were caused by the bovine strain.

Their findings have been published in the journal of Transboundary and Emerging Diseases.

Government figures show that only 80 cases of bovine TB in cats have been reported to the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs since 2009, with nine of those reported last year.

Mr Padgett welcomed the Edinburgh findings and said the low number of cases was likely to be caused by vets being unaware that they should look out for feline tuberculosis.

But he also told the Sunday Telegraph that there was no suggestion that cats are the main spreader of TB and said the pets do not pose a major health risk to humans.

Chief veterinary officer Nigel Gibbens told BBC Radio 4’s Farming Today: ‘[Cats] roam and do explore and could get into fights with feral cats and badgers themselves. themselves

Cats could pick up Mycobacterium bovis from badger setts, rodents that have been in badger setts or with fights with badgers themselves

‘There is a threat to humans. If an animal has an unresolving bite wound or a respiratory problem that won’t go away, they should talk to their vets, and vets need to bear this in mind.

‘Transmission to people is possible and has happened but the number of cases in pets is low and so the possibility of this is low.’

Between 1994 and 2011 there were 570 cases of bovine tuberculosis in humans.

Those with the cattle strain of the illness were mainly over the age of 65 and had drunk infected unpasteurised milk.

Less than 1 per cent of the 8,963 human cases of TB in 2011 were caused by Mycobacterium bovis.

About 5,000 badgers are due to be culled in Somerset and Gloucestershire before the end of the year because authorities say they spread tuberculosis among cattle.

Badgers are blamed for spreading the disease to livestock, devastating herds and costing dairy farmers and the taxpayer millions of pounds a year.

Ministers say that unless everything possible is done to control the disease, the bill to the country will top £1billion over the next decade.

Fears that deadly New virus could go Global

Once again modern transportation is putting the world at risk from a deadly pandemic.

Fears new deadly virus in Middle East could go global as millions prepare to visit the region for annual pilgrimage

Millions of pilgrims are expected to descend upon Mecca, in Saudi Arabia, for this year’s Hajj pilgrimage although health officials are concerned of a deadly new virus spreading

Health officials in Saudi Arabia are preparing for the annual Hajj pilgrimage this autumn, which sees millions of Muslims visit the country each year.

But concerns in the area have been increasing over the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, which is thought to be more dangerous than SARS, after more than 60 cases were reported in the last year by the World Health Organisation.

Officials in Saudi Arabia, where many of the MERS victims have been, are now doing all they can to track down the virus and prevent it from spreading during the pilgrimage, according to Foreign Policy.

There have been 77 laboratory-confirmed infections as of June 26. A total of 62 of these cases have been in Saudi Arabia, where 34 of the victims have died.

Last year approximately 6 million pilgrims travelled through the country as part of the event, which saw millions circle the Kaaba, in Mecca, alone.

The disease, which can spread easily between people, has been compared to SARS, which killed 800 people during an outbreak in 2003. Some experts have noted resemblances between the two as both spread easily between hospitals.

Symptoms are also similar with a fever and cough that develops into pneumonia.

But, doctors note that the fatality rate is higher. Eight per cent of SARS patients died, while 65 per cent of MERS cases are believed to have been fatal.

Doctors have not been able to pinpoint exactly how the illness is spread in every case, as some appeared to catch it when they had not been in contact with an infected person.

Cases have also been reported in Jordan, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Tunisia.

But, most cases have been in Saudi Arabia, which is also set to receive millions of Muslim pilgrims during Ramadan next month.

Experts say that despite the small number of cases, MERS must be watched as it has the potential to cause an outbreak.

WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan said: ‘We understand too little about this virus when viewed against the magnitude of its potential threat.’

WHO is set to meet in Cairo next month to discuss MERS and its potential threat.

10 Considerations for your Bug Out Location

If worse came to worse and the world was in chaos, where would you go?

Many people already have determined where they would go – a bug out location – a spot where they could lay low and live for a while if things got pretty bad. If you haven’t decided where you’d go during an emergency, or you already have an idea, here are a few points to consider.

1. How far away?

How far away is your bug out location going to be from your home? With some disasters it doesn’t need to be very far away. For example, a flood zone might only take up a few miles and you might be able to walk to your bug out location. Other disasters, like an economic disaster or nuclear one, might require you to get a little further away from your home.

2. What kind of shelter?

Once you get to your bug out location, what kind of shelter are you going to live in? Is there a house on the property? Are you going to be staying in a tent? The type of shelter that you have might affect how long you are able to stay in the location. If you have to go to your bug out location in the dead of winter, you might be moving if your only living in a tent.

Many people even considering purchasing land in a more remote location so they don’t have to worry about living on someone else’s property. This would allow you to build a home and place supplies there.

3. Do you have an emergency bag?

I’ve talked previously about what kind of items you’d want in an emergency bug out bag or 72-hour kit. Depending on what are you’re in, your emergency items might differ. For example, if your bug out location is right next to a river, you might want a water filter instead of large water containers.

4. Water

Speaking of water, it’s important to know where you will have access to water during an emergency. If man-made water sources aren’t working, you might need to choose a location that has it’s own natural water source. You might want to choose a location close to a lake, river, stream or natural well. Mind you, if man-made water systems are out of service, a lot of people are going to be looking for water in these locations. You’ll also need to consider how susceptible those sources are to contamination.

5. Nearby food

Depending on how long you plan on staying at your bug out location, food might be a major consideration. Are you going to have enough animal or plant life around you that you can just live off the land? Are you going to be packing in all your food? Is the ground suitable for planting?

6. Popular for other people

If you think you’ve found the perfect place for you, there might be others that think the same. While at times, preparing to defend yourself is necessary, you might have a leg up if you know how to barter and maintain a good relationship with other people who are also bugging out in the same location.

7. How are you going to get there?

Like we mentioned above, this really depends on how far away your location is from your home. If it’s close to your home, you might consider walking or riding a bike. If it’s far away, are you going to be driving? This also has an impact on your ability to prepare with food and water. If you are going to be packing in a lot of water and food, how far you have to travel might be a big decision.

8. How many people are you planning for?

Is it just going to be you? Your spouse? Your children? Friends? Extended family? Many times, people will join with a family friend to buy property and build a home on their bug out location. This is probably one of the first things you’ll need to determine because it has a huge effect on your food storage, water storage and other emergency supplies.

9. Communication

How are you going to get in contact with others? Going to bug out location doesn’t necessarily mean that you won’t need to communicate. Are you going to be too far away that you don’t get cell phone coverage? Are you going to get radio and/or TV coverage? Staying in contact with people will help you know what is going on and help you stay prepared.

10. Medical Care

Are you going to have the right supplies at your bug out location? While you might have enough food and water, what if you have a large cut and can’t heal yourself? You might consider a bug out location that is close enough to civilization that you can go to a hospital or find the right drugs that you need but is also far enough away that you can escape if you need to.

What else?

What do you think? What other considerations did you take into account when you were determining your bug out location?


There’s a lot of confusion about what survival means. To some, it’s getting through the aftermath of an airplane crash in a desolate area. It can mean knowing when to avoid walking in radioactive wastes. Or, it can mean knowing how to barter with troops in the aftermath of riots, war, and looting. To others, survival has to do with avoiding danger and knowing how to deal with it when it breaks into your home in the dead of night.

Survival ideas abound and there are as many definitions and strategies as there are survivalists. Some have good ideas for survival and some have unsound tactics. Bad ideas can mean extra work or trouble in everyday life; bad ideas during a survival situation get you killed. On the job training doesn’t work when you’re dealing with poison and gunfights. Or survival.

One of the most dangerous ideas as far as I’m concerned is that of “backpack survival.”

A “backpack survivalist” is a survivalist that plans on leaving his home ahead of a disaster and taking to the woods with only what he can carry out with him.

He plans to survive through a strategy that is a sort of cross between the Boy Scout in the woods and Robinson Crusoe. The backpack survivalist plans on outrunning danger with a four wheel drive or a motorcycle and hopes to travel light with a survival kit of everything he might need to cope with the unexpected.

He hasn’t cached anything in the area he’s headed for because, chances are, he doesn’t know where he’s headed. Somehow, he hopes to overcome all odds with a minimum of supplies and a maximum of smarts. Certainly it is a noble cause; but it seems like one destined to failure. And that’s not survival.

(Hold on a minute. Backpack fever or bugoutosis does makes sense when you’re facing a localized disaster like a derailed train with overturned poisonous gas tanks.

A potential nuclear meltdown, an impending hurricane or severe flooding, or similar disasters where there is a safe place to run to. During such a time, it makes perfect sense to retreat and come back when things settle down.

Likewise, some people have to work in dangerous areas. For them, donning a backpack and heading for a retreat that they’ve prepared beforehand is a viable survival strategy. These people aren’t backpack survivalists.)

Let me make a confession. Yes, I once was a closet backpack survivalist. I had an ALICE pack and had it packed with all I could carry. As I learned more about how to survive, I realized I needed to carry more. Soon I discovered that, just for my family to survive for a very few days, I’d need a pack mule and/or a hernia operation… Something was very wrong.

Probably most survivalists start out the same way. Things are bad so let’s bug out.

As backpack survivalists, we make elaborate plans centred on the idea of “bugging out” of the area we live in. We hope to travel to an area that is safer than the one we’re in and plan on living off the land or on some survival supplies we’ve hidden in the area.

On the home front, we carefully prepare a stock of supplies that we can quickly cart off in a car or van when things start to look bad.

As more and more plans are made and as ever more survival gear is purchased, the survivalist realizes just how much he needs to cope with in order to survive.

If he is any sort of realist, he soon amasses enough gear to warrant a truck or more likely a moving van just for carrying the survival equipment. (And don’t laugh, there are survivalists who have large trucks for just such use.)

Some brave souls continue to make more elaborate plans and some of these survivalists may be able to pull off their plans. Those who have really thought things out and have spared no expenses may manage to survive with a bugout strategy. But I think there are more logical and less expensive ways to survive a large crisis.

Forget all your preconceived notions for a minute.

Imagine that there is a national emergency and you are an outside observer? What happens if a nuclear attack is eminent, an economic collapse has occurred, or a dictator has taken over and is ready to round up all malcontents (with survivalists at the top of the list)?

Situations change with time. The survivalist movement and backpack fever first started up when fuel guzzler cars were about all that anyone drove.

That meant that a survivalist with some spare fuel could outdistance his unprepared peers and get to a retreat that was far from the maddening crowd, as it were.

With cars getting 30 or even 40 miles per gallon, it isn’t rare for a car to be able to travel half way across the country on less than a tank of gasoline. The exodus from cities or trouble spots will be more limited by traffic jams than lack of fuel even if the petrol stations are completely devoid of their liquid fuel.

Too, there are a lot of people thinking about what to do if the time for fleeing comes. A lot of people will be headed for the same spots. (Don’t laugh that off, either. In my area, every eighth person has confided his secret retreat spot to me.

And about half of them are all headed for the same spot: an old missile silo devoid of water and food. I suspect that the battle at the gates of the old missile base will rival the Little Big Horn.

No matter how out of the way their destination, most survivalists are kidding themselves if they think others won’t be headed for their hideaway spot along with them. There are few places in the UK which aren’t accessible to anyone with a little driving skill and a good map.

There are few places which aren’t in grave danger during a nuclear war or national social unrest.

Though most nuclear war survival books can give you a nice little map showing likely targets, they don’t tell you some essential information. Like what the purpose of the attack will be.

The enemy may not be aiming for military targets that day; a blackmail threat might begin by hitting the heart of the farmland or a number of cities before demanding the surrender of the country being attacked. The target areas on the maps might be quite safe.

And the maps show where the missiles land IF they all enjoy 100 percent accuracy and reliability. Does anyone know of such conditions in war? With Soviet machinery!? Targets may be relatively safe places to be in.

Added to this is the fact that some areas can be heavily contaminated or completely free of contamination depending on the wind directions in the upper atmosphere. Please keep a crystal ball in your survival gear?

But let’s ignore all the facts thus far for a few moments and assume that a backpack survivalist has found an ideal retreat and is planning to go there in the event of a national disaster… What next?

His first concern should be that he’ll have a hard time taking the supplies he needs with him. A nuclear war might mean that it will be impossible to grow food for at least a year and foraging is out as well since animals and plants may be contaminated extensively.

An economic collapse wouldn’t be much better. It might discourage the raising of crops; no money, no sales except for the barter to keep a small farm family going. With large corporations doing much of our farming these days, it is not unreasonable to expect a major famine coming on the heels of an economic collapse.

Growing food would be a good way to attract starving looters from miles around.

Ever try to pack a year’s supply of food for a family into a small van or car? There isn’t much room left over. But the backpack survivalist needs more than just food.

If he lives in a cold climate (or thinks there might be something to the nuclear winter theory) then he’ll need some heavy clothing.

Rifles, medicine, ammunition, tools, and other supplies will also increase what he’ll need to be taking or which he’ll have to hide away at his retreat site.

Shelter? Building a place to live (in any style other than early American caveman) takes time. If he builds a cabin beforehand, he may find it vandalized or occupied when he gets to his retreat; if he doesn’t build it before hand, he may have to live in his vehicle or a primitive shelter of some sort.

Thus, a major problem is to get a large enough vehicle to carry everything he needs as well as to live in.

There is a major problem of timing which the backpack survivalist must contend with. He has to be packed and ready to go with all members of his family at the precise moment he learns of the disaster!

The warning he gets that warrants evacuating an area will have to be acted on quickly if he’s to get out ahead of the major traffic jams that will quickly develop.

A spouse at work or shopping or kids across town at school means he’ll either have to leave them behind or be trapped in the area he’s in. A choice not worth having to make.

Unless he’s got a hot line from No 10, the backpack survivalist will not hear the bad news much ahead of everyone else. If he doesn’t act immediately, he’ll be trapped out on the road and get a first-hand idea of what grid lock is like if he’s in an urban area.

Even out on the open road, far away from a city, a motorway can become hectic following a football game… Imagine what it would be like if everyone were driving for their lives, some cars were running out of fuel (and the occupants trying to stop someone for a ride), and the traffic laws were being totally ignored while the traffic police tried to escape along with everyone else.

Just trying to get off or on major motorways might become impossible.

If things bog down, how long can the backpack survivalist keep those around from helping to unload his truck load of supplies that they’ll be in bad need of?

Telling them they should have prepared ahead of time won’t get many sympathetic words.

Even on lightly travelled roadways, how safe would it be to drive around in a vehicle loaded with supplies?

Our backpack survivalist will need to defend himself.

But let’s suppose that he’s thought all this out. He has a large van, had the supplies loaded in it, managed to round every member of his family up beforehand, somehow got out of his area ahead of the mob, is armed to the teeth, and doesn’t need to take a motorway route.

When he reaches his destination, his troubles are far from over.

The gridlock and traffic jams won’t stop everyone. People will slowly be coming out of heavily populated areas and most of them will have few supplies. They will have weapons (guns are one of the first things people grab in a crisis according to civil defence studies) and the evacuees will be desperate.

How many pitched battles will the survivalist’s family be able to endure? How much work or even sleep can he get when he’s constantly on the lookout to repel those who may be trying to get a share of his supplies?

This assumes that he gets to where he’s going ahead of everyone else. He might not though. If he has to travel for long, he may discover squatters on his land or find that some local person has staked out his retreat area for their own.

There won’t be any law to help out; what happens next? Since (according to military strategists) our backpack survivalist needs about three times as many people to take an area as to defend it, he will need to have some numbers with him and expect to suffer some casualties. Does that sound like a good way to survive?

What about the local people that don’t try to take over his retreat before he gets there? Will they be glad to see another stranger move into the area to tax their limited supplies?

Or will they be setting up roadblocks to turn people like the backpack survivalist away?

But let’s just imagine that somehow he’s discovered a place that doesn’t have a local population and where those fleeing cities aren’t able to get to.

What happens when he gets to his retreat? How good does he need to be at hunting and fishing?

One reason mankind went into farming was that hunting and fishing don’t supply enough food for a very large population nor do they work during times of drought or climatic disruption. What does he do when he runs out of ammunition or game?

What happens if the streams become so contaminated that he can’t safely eat what he catches? Can he stake out a large enough area to guarantee that he won’t deplete it of game so that the next year is not barren of animals?

Farming? Unless he finds some unclaimed farm machinery and a handy storage tank of fuel at his retreat, he’ll hardly get off first base. Even primitive crop production requires a plough and work animals (or a lot of manpower) to pull the blade. No plough, no food for him or domestic animals.

And domestic animals don’t grow on trees. Again, unless he just happens to find some cows waiting for him at his retreat, he’ll be out of luck. (No one has packaged freeze dried cows or chickens at least, not in a form you can reconstitute into living things).

Intensive gardening? Maybe. But even that takes a lot of special tools, seeds, know how, and good weather. Can he carry what he needs and have all the skills that can be developed only through experience?

Even if he did, he might not have any food to eat. Pestilence goes hand in hand with disasters. Our modern age has forgotten this. But during a time when chemical factories aren’t churning out the insecticides and pest poisons we’ve come to rely on, our backpack survivalist should be prepared for waves of insects flooding into any garden he may create.

How good is he at making insecticides? Even if he carries out a large quantity of chemicals to his retreat, how many growing seasons will they last?

Did he transport out a lot of fuel and an electrical generator with him? No? Do you REALLY think he can create an alcohol still from scratch in the middle of nowhere without tools or grain? Then he’d better write off communications, lighting, and all the niceties of the 20th Century after his year’s supply of batteries run out and his vehicle’s supply of fuel conks out.

I’m afraid we’ve only scratched the surface though. Thus far things have been going pretty well. What happens when things get really bad? How good is he at removing his spouse’s appendix without electric lights, pain killers, or antiseptic conditions? Campfire dental work, anyone?

How good is he at making ammunition? Clothing? Shoes?

I think you’ll have to agree that this hardly seems like survival in style. Even if our backpack survivalist is able to live in the most Spartan of conditions and has the know how to create plenty out of the few scraps around him, he’ll never have much of a life ahead of him.

Camping out is fun for a few days. Living in rags like a hunted animal doesn’t sound like an existence to be aimed for.

The bottom line with backpack fever is that, with any major disaster that isn’t extremely localized, running is a panic reaction not a survival strategy. Running scared is seldom a good survival technique and backpack fever during any but a localized disaster (like a flood or chemical spill) looks like it would be a terminal disease with few, rare exceptions.

So what’s the alternative?

Get yourself situated in a small community that could get by without outside help if things became unglued nationally or internationally.

Find a spot that allows you to live in the life style you’ve grown accustomed to (and a community that allows you to carry on your livelihood) but which has the ability to grow its own food and protect its people from the unprepared (or looters) that might drift in from surrounding cities during a crisis.

This spot has the ability to carry on trade within its borders and has a number of people who can supply specialized products or professional skills.

An area with two thousand to five thousand people in it along with a surrounding farm community would be ideal but sizes can vary a lot according to the climate and city. Ideally such a town would have its own power plant with a few small industries along with the usual smattering of doctors, dentists, and other professionals.

This type of community isn’t rare in the UK. It’s quite common in almost every County. You could probably even take a little risk and commute into a city if you must keep your current job.

(In such a case a reverse backpack survival strategy just might work, you’d be bugging out to your home.) In other words a Get-Home-Bag.

Western civilization stepped out of the dark ages when small communities started allowing people to specialize in various jobs. Rather than each being his own artisan, farmer, doctor, carpenter, etc., men started learning to master one job they enjoyed doing. Each man become more efficient at doing a job and through the magic of capitalism western culture finally started upward again.

A small modern community like the one suggested, when faced with a national economic collapse or the aftermath of a nuclear war, would eventually lift itself up the same way. It would give those who lived in it the same chance for specialization of work and the ability to carry on mutual trade, support, and protection.

Such small communities will be the few light spots in a Neo Dark Age.

Which place would you rather be: in a cave, wondering where the food for tomorrow would come from, or with a group of people living in their homes, working together to overcome their problems? Even the most individualistic of survivalists shouldn’t find the choice too hard to make.

This Weeks Show 17th March 2017

LISTEN to by show HERE


This week I begin my show with Wild Garlic Butter, then Prepping Survival Tips, Home-made Cheese, Survival Thoughts, Pine Needle Tea, The Gloves are off Post SHTF, Ostrich Fiddlehead Ferns, The Get-Home-Bag, The Wonders of Wild Garlic, Where to Find Fuel post SHTF, Birch Tree Tapping, Birch Tree Tapping, Having Problems Prepping?

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This show is centered on the wild foods that we can enjoy at this time of the year. For me spring is exciting, it’s a time of birth, re-birth and the beginning of the usual build up to camp out weekends, Bar-B-Q’s and the enjoyment of the great outdoors.

Wild Garlic Butter

Now, are you ready for the easiest recipe ever?

To make your own wild garlic butter, all you’ll need is:
250g Butter
1 Shallot
1 tbsp chopped parsley
4/5 wild garlic leaves, washed
Add all ingredients to a blender and blitz until combined or finely chop instead.

Season to taste.
Now roll it up in to a sausage shape and wrap it in “cling Film” and put into the freezer.

When needed simply slice off as much as you want.
Or cut sausage into slices and seperate with greaseproof paper.
This will keep in an airtight container in the fridge for two weeks.

Prepping/Survival Tips

As more catastrophes seem to be accelerating more and more I am becoming convinced that the collapse of society is only a matter of time.

The true survivalist can feel that they are ready for the chaos, but without actually experiencing these extreme adversities first hand are they?

In the military soldiers are conditioned and trained beforehand and made to be as prepared as possible for the real hardships on and off the battlefield. The survivalist can to be more mentally and physically prepared for the falling apart of civilization that so many survivalists and
the general public feel is inevitable.

Self-reliance also has to do with being ready for the sudden loss of everything we all have become way too accustomed to.

Experiencing a type of mock realism can get you more mentally prepared for when society starts
to quickly disintegrate around you.

The following tips (suggestions) should help you, ‘the survivalist/prepper cope better when things do start to fall apart.

See what it is like to go without the utilities such as electricity by turning them off for at least a couple of hours.

Go at least 24 hours without electronic conveniences; no computer, no television, no cell phone, etc. This will be a wakeup call for many.

The internet will not be there after many catastrophes, become use to receiving information from other sources such as books.

Spend some nights using only candles and or battery operated lights to illuminate the darkness.

Start storing rainwater and start watering your plants and
garden with it.

Try cooking some of your meals using a solar oven, barbecue, fire pit, something not dependent on the electric or gas companies.

Flush the toilet for one day or more using only water you have previously stored, or use a portable toilet.

Instead of throwing away a piece of damaged clothing, try to repair it, sew it, then wear it again.

Take any household item and write down every creative way you can use it.

Find other means of some of your trash disposal, something else rather than the city or county trash pick up services.

Have a fake imaginary illness and fictionally treat that sickness with only what you have available to you in your home.

Gather your family and even your friends together that feel like you do, and see what it like for all of you to be confined to a smaller space.

Use ‘other” means of cooling or heating your home for a few days that is of course safe.

Actually walk or bicycle to run some of your errands other than using a motor vehicle.

Start spending some very quiet time alone. You may have to be alone after ‘it’ happens.

Try using alternative means of bathing occasionally, like using one of those solar showers, or heating water over a fire to be used to bathe with.

See what ingenious gadget made from junk you can think of to make hard times easier.

Try washing dishes and clothes on occasion without using the dishwasher or washing machine, dry clothes on a clothes line.

Experiment by trying to purify dirty polluted water, without drinking it, and see how clean you can get it.

Scavenger hunt. Take some time and collect everything, not hazardous, you find on the ground and ask yourself, what can I do and use what I have?

Take along a pad of paper and write down everything you see at a park or recreation area. Observation skills will help you stay alive better after chaos breaks loose.

Try to locate someplace off the beaten path using only a paper map, compass, or landmarks.

Spend some days outdoors when the weather is miserable (not dangerous), like raining all day long, you may have to live this way in the

See how fast you can get your essentials together and ready to leave.

If you plan to stay where you are, thoroughly become familiar with every street, landmark, trees, houses, etc. within 2 miles of your home, walk the area often.

The truly “ready” survivalist should be training themselves to be prepared to undergo things that ar going to be vastly different and very difficult to adjust to and handle. By using some or all of these prep tips now and before the aftermath of “the nightmare” that is coming, you will be more adapt at handling it.

Add your personal preparation exercises to this to make you even more mega disaster ready.

Homemade Cheese

What you will need

4 litres of whole
milk, 1 pinch salt, 1 large lemon, juiced

What to do

1. Pour the milk
into a large pan, and stir in a pinch of salt. Bring to a boil over medium
heat, stirring occasionally to prevent the milk from scorching on the bottom of
the pan.

2. When the milk
begins to boil turn the heat off then stir the lemon juice into the milk, the
milk will then curdle. This may take 5 to 10 minutes.

3. Line a sieve
with a cheesecloth, now pour the milk through the cloth to catch the curds.
What is left in the cheesecloth is the Farmer’s Cheese. The liquid is the whey.

4. Gather the cloth
around the cheese, and squeeze out as much of the whey as you can. Then I find
it best to suspend the cheese cloth over the sink for example.

5. When it has stopped dripping, I put it in an airtight container and put it in the fridge.

Why not try using wild garlic, herbs or other flavourings.

Survival Thoughts

We not only risk natural and man-made disasters, we risk financial, commercial, political and social collapse. Things can go wrong slowly – or things can go wrong very quickly.

Without trade, transport, banking or manufacturing, life could quickly diminish to desperate subsistence. It would be uglier than most people can imagine, and in the worse scenarios, you and your unprepared family will likely die.

Do you see your lifestyle as a birth right? Do you believe that you deserve perpetual prosperity? Will you choose a sustainable lifestyle and reduce your standard of living? You may be forced to make these changes.

A societal collapse would be fast and deep, and would hurt developed countries the most.

Yet survival will have little to do with luck.

In 1977 New York City suffered a power failure for one night. Over 3,000 arrests were made for looting, 400 policemen were injured, 500 fires were started, more than 25,000 emergency calls were placed and four times the usual number of hospital emergency cases were admitted – all following one lightning strike.

Civilization is a veneer.

Many empires have declined and fallen. Persia, Greece, Egypt, Rome, Turkey, Spain, China and Russia … and many of their collapses were self-inflicted, not from being attacked but more often from attacking other countries. Wars are always costly.

American politicians wanted to police the world while maintaining its people’s lifestyles beyond their ability to pay.

America is losing its wealth … like so many countries before.

America’s military options seem to increasingly focus on exit strategies that are not too humiliating.

So what can you do? An economic collapse will likely hurt the richest countries most, although many if not all other countries will be affected. Survival in any country will require broadly similar strategies.

Decide to live – choose to survive!

Be prepared – most people will do nothing!

Get yourself healthy and understand the risks!

Learn what to do before, during and after a collapse!

Read, read, read! Perhaps start with Global Research

Your best insurance? Decide to survive and stockpile essentials!

Professor Sir John Beddington, (UK government chief scientific adviser), says that the world faces a perfect storm of climate change impacting food, energy and water.

Will your Social Parachute Open?

Little information about the risk of collapse and the difficulties of survival is available in any media. Despite the risk, survival training is nearly non-existent. Government agencies tasked to prepare for and mitigate disaster have been exposed as ineffective.

I suggest that you assume that you will be on your own.

Rule One: Don’t trust your government to protect you. You can trust them to protect themselves.

At best, life in the coming decades will become increasingly local and smaller scale. This can happen if cheap energy decreases smoothly, if people act intelligently and if global competition for food, water and oil does not trigger world wars or financial hyperinflation.

At best, energy-dependent enterprises and cities will gradually contract as the supply of cheap power (also cheap food, cheap medicine, cheap communication and cheap education) dwindles.

At best, cheap power gradually vanishes, taking industry with it. As cities are products of an industrial revolution based on cheap energy, expect peoples homes to lose value catastrophically.

Expect people who invested in suburban mansions to lose everything.

Expect the disruption of urban infrastructure to create logistical nightmares for people stuck in cities.

At best, after years of collective paralysis, political expediency and social upheaval will gradually increase. Your community probably depends on electrical machines, electronics and computers … how fast will your community die without electric power?

At best, expect populations to migrate away from cities and threatened areas, with food, oil and water shortages limiting movement. Greatly reduced food production will result in vastly increased prices.

Expect a return to rural values – and increasing interest in self-sufficiency and small family farms.

Pine Needle Tea

I thought that I would introduce you to a simple tea that is delicious, healthy and a great immune booster.

For those of you who are new to the world of plants, a safe and simple tea can be made from the common Pine trees that surround us.

Pine Needle Tea has long been a favourite of traditional and indigenous peoples, both for its refreshment and for its medicinal values.

You may not realize that Pine Needle Tea contains 4-5 times the Vitamin C of fresh-squeezed orange juice, and is high in Vitamin A. It is also an expectorant (thins mucus secretions), decongestant, and can be used as an antiseptic wash when cooled. So not only does it taste good, but it’s good for you as well.

Each variety of pine has its own flavour to impart, so experiment and see which needles you like best. And feel free to mix and match!

Just remember that while all Pines are evergreens, not all evergreens are Pines! So head out to the local woods or park, positively identify your pine trees, bring back some needles and give this one a try!

Step-by-step Instructions for Making Pine Needle Tea:

Collect a small bundle of green needles, the younger the
better. (A small handful will be plenty.)

Remove any of the brown, papery sheaths that may remain at
the base of the needles. (They just pull right off.)

Chop the needles into small bits, about ¼ to ½ inch long.

For a Refreshing Tea:

Heat about a cup of water to just before boiling.

Bring water almost to a boil if in the wilderness (a rolling boil)

Pour the hot water over about a tablespoon of the chopped needles.

Allow to steep (preferably covered) for 5-10 minutes, until the majority of needles have settled to the bottom of the cup. Enjoy your delicious tea!

The Gloves are off Post SHTF

I say that Post SHTF the gloves are off as regards shooting game and even large domesticated farm animals.

Meat and animal products is what we get from livestock so even if you do not eat meat animals still have to be kept for eggs, milk, cheese and other dairy products, which we need to make up a healthy diet.

They are a very good source of protein and I can tell you that things will not seem so bad when you are tucking into a beef steak or a lamb joint.

The feed to production ratio value of your animals is basically like this. Poultry good, Pigs & Sheep medium, Cattle poor.

Poultry eat a mainly grain diet so that is expensive but any switch from high value grain to natural feed will lower the feed to meat and egg production ratio, but the switch to a varied natural feed can produce a higher quality product.

Pigs also eat a grain diet but this can be supplementedn quite well with waste fruit and vegetables, and also natural feed when free ranging.

Sheep eat mainly grass but if producing black faced hardy sheep, these will eat almost all kinds of vegetation from the poorest of land, so even though their feed costs are low they still put weight on but slower than more expensively reared quality grass

Cattle require expensive quality grass to produce anything and will also require expensive winter feed and purpose built winter housing, producing anything from cattle takes many months and masses of expense and time.

Everything will depend on how big the operation is.

Many years ago I shot a mallard drake from across the river, the mistake I made was I was on the wrong bank when I shot it, and this meant that I had to cross the river to retrieve it, nevertheless it did eventually end up on my plate and all was well.

For decades game has been the preserve of the wealthy as they purchase days shooting on estates with driven game (a bit like shooting rats in a barrel) sometimes, I think.

The guy in the street “us” has been legally removed from these shoots except that we are good enough only to pick up what has been shot and beat, it seems.

Well as I said when SHTF “WE” assume the survivor rights of ancient times, yes we must provide for our own. Now with years of battery breeding of game birds we have a chemical drug free food source just running around free.

I’m afraid that any ethics will have to be over ridden as obtaining this free food is the priority and in many ways not the way we get it.

So lamping roosting pheasants and wood pigeons will be the norm instead of deploying decoy’s and building hides etc.

I’m sure many preppers and survivalists know what I mean and would agree with my sentiments.

And yes, water fowl and game birds will be shot on the ground and on the water as well.

As for large domestic farm animals they too will need to be on our menu either shot or dispatched with a quick blow to head with a heavy object.
Imagine how long we would survive with a cow or sheep to keep us going.

Fish farms would be a logical target as would free range chicken farms.

I would also advocate the live capture of the above; including game birds and water fowl so as to breed our own food, the benefitbeing that most of these animals and birds feed themselves do they not.

It is criminal to take the life of an animal and waste it, for me it is also morally wrong too.

If you keep animals for food and then after slaughtering it you decide you can’t eat it and end up throwing it away, then you have wasted that animals life and killed it for no reason other than some half-baked idea that you could be self-sufficient or rear your own food.

This does happen to some people who then rush down to the supermarket for a pound of sausages. If you find you have become attached to your animals which happens quite a lot, then don’t kill them, keep them as pets which they most probably will have become.

Best thing to do is work out exactly what you think you can achieve and stick to it and not get carried away by popular fads.

Either do it or stick to growing vegetables and let someone else produce the meat.

Growing fruit and vegetables is always going to be cheaper, simpler, easier and a lot less hassle than trying to produce your own meat.

Yes the gloves would be off.

Ostrich Fiddlehead Ferns

You will soon find fiddleheads as you wonder around the woods and I have to commend the fiddleheaders who go out early each spring to forage for these little ostrich fern delicacies and then go home and clean off the brown, papery skin covering each one. It is a labor-intensive activity.

Fiddleheads actually are the curled young fronds of a fern. In the early spring, new growth of a fern emerges as curled leaves. Fiddleheads are usually available from late April to mid-May.

There are many varieties of ferns around us, but the ostrich and cinnamon fern are the only two that are edible and safe to eat. Other varieties of ferns look similar but may be poisonous.

When gathering fiddleheads, you only want the first one to two inches of the stem that is attached to the coil. Anything else should be broken off and thrown away. Never harvest all of the fiddleheads from a patch or it could destroy the whole fern. It is best to take just two or three coils from each patch.

Fiddleheads should be cooked thoroughly before eating. Raw fiddleheads can carry food-borne illness and may cause stomach upset if you eat too many of them.

If you locate and pick some of these bright green specimens for your own use, be sure to rinse them in several changes of water to remove any dirt.

Use fiddleheads as soon as possible after harvesting for the best taste and texture.

Nutritionally speaking, fiddleheads contain about 22 calories, 3 grams of carbohydrates, 2.8 grams of protein and 0.2 grams of fat per half cup serving. They owe their beta-carotene content to their deep green color. Fiddleheads also provide a good amount of vitamin C, niacin and potassium.

The taste of fiddleheads is unique. It has been described as grassy and spring-like with a hint of nuttiness, or as a cross between asparagus and young spinach. Some say it has a flavor similar to an artichoke, maybe with a whiff of mushroom. My taste buds just don’t distinguish that definitively. They just taste like a green to me. And I like greens.

Fiddleheads should be washed, added to a small amount of lightly salted water, cooked for about 10 minutes and then served with a bit of melted butter or vinegar. Some people like them cooked until soft and spread on toast, like asparagus.

Clean the fiddleheads. Rinse thoroughly, then place in a bowl of cold water. Remove any bits of the brown papery coverings, and rinse again until they look green and clean with no leftover papery bits.

Caution. Do not eat fiddleheads raw like other vegetables! They must be cooked to be edible—there have been a number of reports of food-borne illness associated with eating raw or undercooked fiddleheads.

Serve with butter. If eating hot, season lightly and remember—the sooner you eat them, the better their flavor! Here are some other serving suggestions:

Add a splash of vinegar to freshly-cooked fiddleheads.

Serve as appetizers, on crostini or toast.

Serve in a salad with onion and vinegar dressing.

Almost any recipe calling for asparagus will work well with fiddleheads.

You can either

Bring the water to a boil. Steam the fiddleheads for 10-12 minutes, until tender.

Or my favourite heat a skillet, with a a neutral oil such as grapeseed or vegetable oil over medium-high heat until shimmering. You can use butter as well, but lower the heat to medium—butter has a much lower smoking point.

The Get-Home-Bag

WTSHTF maybe you are prepared for an extended survival scenario away from civilization, but you have to get out of the city first (maybe). In a disaster situation that might not be so easy. However If you have these three things in place you will greatly increase your chances.

Get Home Bag (GHB) Imagine for a minute that you work in a large city; maybe you take the underground or take a bus to work every day. 

You are in a large office building with many floors, thousands of people, and you are on the fifteen or twentieth floor.

If a disaster strikes, how are you going to get out? I mean literally. 

If there is an earthquake or a catastrophic man made event how are you going to get out of your building? How are you going to get down the street? How are you going to get home? 

Do you want to be one of the people covered in dust wandering around in shock? I don’t.

But I have my Bug out Bag you say!

Oh really, where is it? Even if it is in your car it is useless to you at this point. The car park is at street level and possibly hundreds of yards away. That could mean life or death in this situation and you need to act now.

Even if you could get to your Bug out Bag, how much good would it do you in this environment? Most people’s B.O.B. is packed for survival with wilderness Camping gear, food, clothing, etc.

A Get Home Bag contains an entirely different set of tools and serves one purpose: To get you from wherever you are to your Home.

How to Choose an Urban Survival Bag

Your GHB should contain things that are going to get you out of the building like a crowbar. Things to help you make it through the aftermath like water and breathing masks.

Things you might use to help rescue others like flashlights or radios. Things that will help you on what could be a very long walk home such as food and maybe walking shoes.

Clearly a GHB is not a Bug out Bag. Sure they have some overlap, but a GHB can be much smaller, less weight conscious, have more specific tools, and be planned for one purpose. Do you have one cached in your office or place of work?

Gear for your Get Home Bag: A Get Home Plan so you made it home, now what? Let’s assume that the SHTF out there. 

You have surveyed the situation and determined that the city is in mass chaos and you need to get out now. What do you do? Again, you have your Get Home Bag, but you still have to get out of the city. 

Do you have a Get Home Plan?

For our purposes here, let’s assume that your Get Home Plan needs to get you from your place of work to your serious survival cache or Bug Out Location outside of the city. 

I understand that not everybody has caches hidden in various places, and even fewer people have a dedicated Bug out Location. While you should probably be working on that, you still need a Get Home Plan.

There’s no way I can go through all of the various problems you might encounter while trying to bug out of your city so you will have to plan for yourself. 

What I will give you are some questions to consider and one rule: Contingency. Is your way out double, triple and quadruple backed up?

If the motorways are shutdown do you have an A road route?

If no roads are passable do you have an off road route?

If driving is out of the question do you have a planned walking or riding route? (Do you have maps of your area in your Get Home Bag?)

Do you have a rendezvous point with other family members?

A Get Home Plan Let’s back up a minute. Pretend you just got home again, but this time you surveyed the situation and decided that you are not in immediate danger but are still not at situation normal.

Now what do you do? A Get Home Plan is for emergency situations where you need to get home and youcan stay in your own home but even then you may have to rely on your own preparations to survive.

This might just mean that you will be without power or water for an extended period. Maybe it means you actually can’t leave your home at all for whatever reason.

What plans do you have in place to live like this? A Bug in Plan should include food and water preparations first and foremost.

What will you eat since all of the food in your refrigerator is going to be bad soon? Do you really want to live on the backpack meals out of your Bug out Bag when you don’t have to?

How much water do you have stored? Do you have a sewage system set up? Do you have unprepared neighbours’ to worry about? (To help or guard against?)

Starting out in a survival situation in an urban environment is almost an immediate set-back compared to those bugging out from more rural areas, but with a Get Home Bag, a Get Home Plan, and a Bug In Plan you are better off than most people.

Survival Preparedness is a process or a condition of being prepared to survive.

To Survive. The phrase could be taken literally – that is, to stay alive. The words, ‘to survive’, could also be interpreted less literally – more like staying healthy or healthier than otherwise.

In the context of survival preparedness, some will describe this notion to its very basic core – like the ability to survive in the wilderness without any modern help whatsoever, you are on your own, life and death circumstances black and white.

Others will describe survival preparedness more-or-less in the context of living within today’s modern society parameters, and utilizing the modern tools available today in order to prepare or be prepared for various problems that may occur tomorrow.

What I’m trying to say is that there are some ‘survival preparedness’ “preppers” that are more hard-core than others and I’ve noticed that the movement has been coined with two labels in an apparent attempt to delineate their core values.

I’m not so sure that I agree with labels and definitions, knowing that there are all sorts of ‘shades of grey’, but having said that, the two labels are Survivalists and Preppers.

Survivalists are the hard core while the Preppers are the soft core. Again, I do not agree with the labelling here, but the fact is that it exists.

The Prepper is thought of as someone who is fully functioning within the system of modern society, preparing for minor disruptions that may come their way, while the Survivalist is considered to be on the edge, perhaps already hunkered down in their bunker or survival retreat – ready for Armageddon.

As in all walks of life, there are truly the extremes, and lots of in-between. When it comes to survival preparedness, I believe that the spectrum is all pretty much OK, so long as it’s within the law of the land.

Since there are so very many different types of people, personalities, skills, and interests, there will likewise be a multitude of variety when it comes to how one prepares, and what they are preparing for.

Remember, before SHTF we are preppers and post SHTF we are survivors.

People will interpret risks differently from one another and people will be in varying vicinities of the risk themselves. Some face much higher risk than others based on their geographical location, their occupation, their own current financial and preparedness situation, etc.

Personally I think that it’s great how more and more ordinary folks are waking up and realizing that things are not all Rosey out there and that there are very real risks facing us all as the world’s economic systems are teetering on the brink of failure while the rumour of wars fill the air.

There will always be ‘newbies’ to survival preparedness and there will always be veterans of the same. There’s room for everyone.

Just remember this… by failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.

The Wonders of Wild Garlic

A walk in the woods from late January to late Spring where the ground is damp (needed for wild garlic to grow) it does not need to be but often is by a river, stream but often simply damp conditions will suffice.

This is where you can find wild garlic. You may not know it is there until you brush alongside it, or on even a mildly sunny day, the sun will have warmed the leaves and there will be an aroma of garlic.

Look down and around you and it will most likely not be hard to spot the glossy, green leaves.

What Does the Plant Look and Smell Like?

As the name implies, the wild garlic has a distinctive flavour of garlic though not as heavy or pungent but if you pick a leaf and gently squeeze it then take a sniff it will smell, you guessed it, garlicky.

This is unlike a similar looking Lily of the Valley Leaf. If you are foraging for wild garlic it does resemble Lily of the Valley plants but one rub of the leaves will identify which it is simply and without any danger.


This time of year, early March, you will find the wild garlic poking up in low-lying places by streams and protected woods. Make sure you pick away from dogs and roads and don’t trespass: the wild garlic might be free, but the landowner may not appreciate your picking!

I take a carrier bag with me, fill it up and it will last perfectly in the fridge for a week.

Wild garlic leaves are best when very tender, so pick when the garlic is just coming up. Choose small tender leaves – the moment the garlic begins to flower, the leaves become too strong and brash in flavour. But the flowers do make a pretty addition to spring salads.

To eat raw, find the youngest leaves and add to a salad mix.

Be adventurous and use wild garlic instead of spinach leaves, mix and match. It goes well with watercress. Add it to your favourite pasta sauces, or use wild garlic for a tangy pesto that makes a versatile addition dip, pasta sauce or filling for your favourite foods – especially mushrooms.

Wash well before cooking with foraged plants.

What Parts of the Wild Garlic Plant Can You Eat?

All parts of the plant (bulb, leaves and flowers) are edible.

The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. They make a useful addition to bland foods such as a cream or cottage cheese or used in a sauce for a background hint of garlic.

My favourite way is to add it finely chopped to mashed potato and served with roast lamb or other meats.

It is also delicious added to a bowl of salad.

The bulbs can be used in a similar way to garlic cloves but the flavour is less pronounced.

Once the leaves are starting to lose their pungency, the flowers will appear and these too are edible. Use as a decoration or add to a salad. Make sure you have cleaned then thoroughly to remove any insects which may have made their home inside the flower.

Why is wild garlic good for me?

Given its antibacterial, antibiotic, antiseptic and anti … well, just about everything, properties, it makes sense to pack as much into your diet as you can.

The main health benefit of garlic is its effectiveness in reducing blood pressure and, hence, heart disease and the risk of stroke. Although all garlic has this property, wild garlic has the greatest effect on lowering blood pressure.

So try wild garlic with mashed potato’s, in a quiche, home-made wild garlic butter or even on toast.

Where to Find Fuel post SHTF

Following a time of collapse, petrol and other fuels will likely be hard to come by because no petrol stations are likely to be working.

Supermarkets and shops closed and or looted or both.

Martial law.

Regional war.

Global war.

Mass starvation. Don’t expect your local petrol station to be selling fuel and snack food. We’re talking post-apocalypse following a massive global series of events that has taken place.

But even if gas stations are not in operation anywhere, there are a million other places a smart survivor can get fuel — for example, abandoned vehicles — which, in a post-apocalypse, you can expect there to be a lot of in a number of places.

Siphoning Fuel … Safely

If a vehicle is abandoned and there’s no chance that its owner is coming back for it, you have two ways to get to its fuel supply.

One is to siphon it from the tank with a manufactured hose and pump (that’s the safest way), and the other is to crawl underneath the vehicle with a container and poke a hole in the gas tank (just don’t use any sparking tools).

Petrol or diesel will drain out of the bottom of the tank you just poked a hole in. You now have fuel for at least a few hours of driving (should you get your hands on a motorbike or moped).

Be sure not to mix diesel with petrol or you’ll dilute the burning properties of both fuels. Instead, fill your container with either straight petrol, or straight diesel.

A Fuel Scavenger’s Paradise

Here’s something a lot of people living in the cities and suburbs don’t understand about rural areas — there may be a lot more fuel available than meets the eye.

Areas of farming and agriculture may have large abandoned machinery like tractors and other farm machinery full of gallons each of diesel fuel, as well as standalone diesel tanks (and petrol storage tanks) that you may find either lifted up on a support stand or stored horizontally on the ground or even on a pull-behind trailer.

Those that are on stands do not require an electric pump for operation (electricity to the region may be down), as gravity allows fuel to be pumped easily from the bottom side of the tank and through a hose and hand held nozzle.

Those tanks that are stored on level ground do require an electric pump and if there’s no electricity, simply unscrew the pump from the top of the tank (look around and you’ll probably find a pipe wrench somewhere nearby) and now use a siphon pump, or just a cut hose, and siphon the fuel out of the tank with your mouth.

In rural areas, you’ll find fuel in a lot more places than just farms. Outside most town’s there are industrial areas, building hire companies, lorry parks, and any number of energy installations (coal, oil, natural gas, etc.) can have fuel equipment, tanks and various vehicles parked and abandoned on site — a literal fuel scavenger’s paradise.

Find Fuel at the Bottom of Empty Tanks

What happens if someone else gets to a fuel storage tank before you? Don’t panic. There’s still a good chance you can find fuel in what looks like an empty tank at first glance.

You see, there may be a few gallons of fuel at the bottom of each tank that you can get to with a long hose — though you may have to siphon it out.

What about an abandoned car or truck that appears out of fuel? Good news — it might not be completely empty either.

Look inside the vehicle for a jack — if you can find a jack, jack the vehicle up so that the rear end of the vehicle is tilted up at an angle. Gravity will now cause any remaining gasoline to pool at the bottom level of the tank.

Now crawl underneath and poke a hole in the fuel tank at the lowest spot, where any fuel inside will collect. You might get a couple gallons easily doing that.

In a post-apocalypse time expect to find the occasional abandoned motorcycle, abandoned because it ran out of fuel and its driver took off on foot. Good news for you if you’re carrying a container of fuel as you’ll have some fuel to get the motorbike started and get at least a few dozen miles further from where you are now, or simply to where you can find more fuel and refuel your new bike.

Why Not Just Carry a Petrol can?

Sure, you can take your chances carrying a large container of fuel, and perhaps you’ll carry a few more gallons of fuel that day. But realistically a petrol can may be a poor choice due to the fact that someone else may want your fuel and be willing to shoot you for it if they see it. Ever watch the Mad Max films?

Birch Tree Tapping

My method is simple and fast; a few feet up the trunk of the birch I line the tip of my knife against the tree, quite steeply at an upward angle and then give a sharp smack on the butt of my knife driving the blade a few centimetres in.

Give the blade a very gentle and small wiggle and you should see watery-sap coming straight away. If there’s no sign of any sap its the wrong time for the tree, come back another day!

Once you have your slit and sap running, insert a small shaved stick into the slit at the same angle that your blade went in, this should be steep so that the sap easily runs down the stick and into your container.

Make sure the stick is pushed in enough to stay and then if the sap is running correctly next go about rigging up your container to the tree, you can simply tir the container under the slit and around the tree.

It wouldn’t take too long and you could easily have a couple of litres. Don’t be worried about taking the sap from the tree, its not damaging, at this time of the year the tree will just suck up even more water to fill its supplies.

Having said that there is no need to excessively harvest one tree, if you want a lot of sap use multiple trees.

Be sure to never leave a forgotten tap running. When you are finished, be sure to press down hard the flap of raised birch-bark to close the slit as best you can.

Do not leave the stick in the slit when you are finished and don’t try blocking the slit up, just press down hard to seal the gap as best you can and the birch-sap will do the rest.

Be sure not to accidentally leave any litter behind. Take only memories… leave only sap droplets… the slugs love the stuff! and so do I.

There’s no shortage of super drinks that claim to increase vitality and improve everything from your immune system to lackluster skin, and now there’s one more. Birch tree sap water is being tapped as the next go-to health drink.

The sweet, thin syrup-like sap from the birch tree contains xylitol, proteins, amino acids, vitamins and minerals. The elixir is being compared to coconut water for its health and detoxing potential.

Birch tree sap has the consistency of thin, slightly sweet maple syrup water.

It gets its sweet flavor from xylitol. Xylitol has 40 percent fewer calories than sugar and it’s often used in sugarless gums and dental products since it has cavity-reducing, enamel-hardening properties.

Shown in studies to decrease the risk of cavities, the xylitol-rich sap is believed to promote liver health, kidney function and good skin and is has been touted as an excellent drink post exercise. But is there any real evidence behind the claims?

What exactly is birch tree water?

The sap is extracted from birch trees mainly in the northeast U.S. and is said to boost immunity, improve energy, treat joint pain and decrease cavities in addition to a host of other health benefits. Commercially, sap is sustainably harvested by hand for two weeks each spring from organic forests in Eastern Europe. Taps are driven carefully into the birch tree causing no harm.

At only 18 calories per 100 milliliter, sap is rich in antioxidants like vitamin C, copper, zinc and potassium. The sap also contains saponins, compounds that may have cholesterol-reducing properties that are also found in legumes.

What can birch tree water do for you?

Birch tree sap or birch tree water as it’s more commonly called commercially, is associated with detoxing the kidneys and liver and flushing toxins from the body.

So dear listener enjoy cheers.

Having Problems Prepping?

The thoughts that bounce around our heads can create a chain reaction of events that can either help us or hinder us all along the way.

These thought processes can also make a big impact on our prepping activities. Regardless of what part of the prepping spectrum you are on, we have certain thoughts on the kind of prepared individual we want to end up being.

When we don’t meet our expectations, we tend to grow frustrated and feel more inclined to give up. When I first began prepping, I wanted to be a hard core prepper and had some pretty grandiose conceptions of how that would be.

I envisioned being the kind of prepper who could live off the land with nothing but a blade, some snares and a water bottle. Have I met this goal? Not really. But I haven’t stopped pursuing it either. I just know that this type of goal takes time to master, and being honest it is not for me if truth be known.

When we haven’t achieved our goals in the time expected, we can begin losing focus and be frustrated. This could be because of the short attention spans our society has.

Our need for immediate results can wreak havoc on a prepper’s long term desire to be prepared. To avoid this, we have to admit at the very beginning this is not a short-lived hobby, but a long term lifestyle change that will take time, energy and an ongoing pursuit for knowledge.

It can take years of studying and practicing skills to get to the point of being a hard core prepper. Years! Anyone who thinks differently is fooling themselves and will set themselves up for failure because of these preconceived notions.

Rather than looking at the end result and growing frustrated because you aren’t at the point you wanted to be, stay focused on the starting point.

Why are you preparing in the first place?

I would say that in order to have a well-rounded supply and knowledge base, we have to start at the very beginning and layer our prepping activities in short term, longer term and sustainable increments. This is the best way to stay organized and ensure that you can succeed in a disaster scenario.

The best way to begin prepping is by making a goal. Something as simple as, “I want to be prepared for a 3 month long disaster.” By setting a goal, you can create a preparedness plan based around this, which becomes your starting point.

Moreover, when you create a goal, you have also created a reference point to turn to in case you get overwhelmed or overloaded with prepping. This reference point reminds you to remember what you’re prepping for. From there, you can gather your supplies and learn your skillsets.

Plan – Set your prepper goals (short and long term), make a strategy, create lists of supplies, make meal plans, create a financial budget to get out of debt, as well as to fund your prepping activities.

Accrue – Begin investing in supplies, practice preparedness-based skills, continue to educate yourself on prepping and ways to promote a self-reliant lifestyle

Apply – When you begin using your food stores, practicing your skills and confidently using your preps, you are applying the knowledge you have learned. Don’t forget to keep accumulating knowledge and learning better ways to prep.

Don’t Lose Focus

Give yourself a break if you haven’t gotten where you wanted to be. It’s not ok to eat, live and breathe emergency preparedness.

Each of us is on our own journey and some may learn faster than others. Learn from others and don’t be afraid to include your mistakes and failures as part of your education.

This is part of the learning curve, and a necessary one at that. Further, take your time with the material and include your family. This could be a great way to teach family members and, rather than carrying “the world on your shoulders,” this gives you some support.

Understand, there will be times when you want to throw the towel in. It’s ok to take a break from prepping. I have, and so have others. The subject of preparedness can be stressful, especially if you are reading about worst-case scenarios all the time.

Your mind and spirit will need a break, and taking some time “to fill the well” can help immensely. Spend time with family and friends, breath, pray, meditate, exercise. Do anything to put your focus elsewhere for a short time and then, when you feel better, start prepping again. This makes you more open to continuing on the prepper journey.

Remember my quest to be the hard core type of prepper? As great as this would be, that’s not where I am now. But, just because I haven’t met this goal doesn’t mean that everything I have done in between has fallen by the wayside.

I am still striving toward this, but know there is a lot to learn along the way; and I’m ok with that.

Whether your goal is to be a hard core prepper or not, give yourself kudos for taking the steps to getting your home prepared and for taking the time to learn new skills.

We all grow frustrated at times, especially when this is a long term quest for knowledge and skills. My advice to those beginning to prepare is to be patient and remember that prepping takes time.