What Would You Do-Could You Survive?
So you are on holiday or business in a strange city and or country and the brown stuff hits the fan now imagine what life would be like if suddenly you lost your house, your bank accounts and almost everything that matters to you?
Travel is no longer possible the system is down. This will happen to millions of people in our globe trotting existence as we set off where ever with little or no regards as how we will get back if it all goes up in smoke.
What now? How will you survive as you are now homeless? One thing is certain, it isn’t going to be easy so I hope that these survival lessons will put you one step ahead of the rest.
Every day we simply walk past homeless people on our 1st world streets and we pretend not to see them, or we say sorry no change. But these people are doing what preppers and survivalist practice to do, they are not only living off grid but surviving by using knowledge and learned skills.
Homeless survival lessons – Shelter in a time of need
For the homeless, just like a prepper or survivalist, shelter is probably the most important, basic needs of them all and they have developed ways to make this a possible.
Basic survival training dictates that there are three major aspects when choosing a shelter: protection from the elements, warmth and concealment. There aren’t many options available and the following ones are the most exploited ones:
If you have a vehicle, you are one of the lucky ones and it will become your ideal cover.
Having access to supermarket parking, a major hotel chain or any other 24 hour parking will keep you safe and you’re less likely to have someone paying you a visit.
Your vehicle can provide you with heat and power for devices such as mobile phones, razors etc. The best part is that you can move your shelter and get away from any unpleasant situation.
Sleeping rough can be challenge and it’s one of those homeless survival lessons that you will learn the hard way.
Second, you have to accept any shelter you are lucky enough to find and get used to the idea that you may will be sleeping in an area with other people in your situation.
And third, what’s yours can become someone else’s and you will experience the true nature of humans. As a tip for keeping what you have try sleeping with your legs on your suitcase and using your backpack as a pillow.
If you come across a homeless shelter they should be used as little as possible, and only around meal times and personal needs, such as showering.
The worst part about the shelters is that they house a lot of people that are on one drug or another and these individuals can become dangerous.
Urban camp site
This is the most common shelter for many of the homeless people as we have seen with the refugees across the EU, the problem is that building one is not as easy as it may look.
It’s one of the homeless survival lessons that can come in handy during any emergency scenario and there are some good tips we can all use.
When it comes to urban camp sites, your enemies are moisture, the changing weather and environmental predators.
Furthermore, in some cities outdoor sleeping can be illegal and you might be harassed or asked to move.
If you find a place to build a camp site, make sure you divide it into three areas: where you sleep, where you cook and eat and where you take care of bodily functions.
Make sure you pay a visit to the local restaurants to get some free napkins; they will serve as toilet paper if you can’t afford any. Or acquire some from public buildings and fast food take-aways.
When choosing a camp site go for higher ground, it doesn’t matter if it’s a hill or the rooftop of a building.
Being elevated decreases your chances of sleeping in puddles or rainwater run off.
A tarp is an accessory that many homeless people carry because it can be used in many ways, it can easily be taken down, folded and carried.
Tarps can easily be converted into tents and lean-tos. Heavy duty bags are also valued items because they can serve as both rain ponchos and storage containers.
Moisture is your biggest enemy and it will compromise both hygiene and warmth.
You should avoid sleeping directly on the ground because the cold will permeate your body quickly and hypothermia can set in.
Always build a bed from cardboard, tree branches or even polystyrene foam before putting yourself or your sleeping bag directly on the ground.
You have to remain unseen and make your camp site portable as much as possible if you want to survive.
A clean and non-visible camp is crucial because it is less likely to be disrupted or detected.
Remember that you don’t want to waste physical and psychological energy to always rebuild your camp site. Make sure your camp site can be taken with you if you need to relocate.
Although urban camping laws are different from city to city, in the case of a SHTF or martial law, all rules will go out the window. Make sure you don’t draw negative attention for now.
Whether you have a tarp or not most people agree that cardboard is a vital survival item and many homeless survival lessons are built around it.
It’s a perfect insulator and you can build various shelters from it.
There are those less fortunate that seek out smaller rooms in abandoned buildings and insulate the entire room with cardboard.
It’s an item that can protect you from the elements if you line it with rubbish bags it’s really lightweight compared to other building materials.
Think about this next time you want to throw away the cardboard box from your new TV, you never know when you might find a good use for it.
Fire and Heat
Just like in any survival situation, there are a few ways to create a heat source, depending on your situation or environment.
For the homeless, cans are invaluable items because their size makes them easily concealable and they can be used for warmth or cooking.
You can get petroleum jelly and lighters from a £1 shop and using a wood, newspaper, cloth or cotton balls, they are able to improvise a portable cooking stove by using a empty tin.
Tuna tins make great candles and you can use all sort of kindling in order to make a good fire.
Hygiene, staying clean in a dirty world
If you keep yourself clean you will keep attention away from you, attention from people who might prey on you or your things.
It is crucial to blend in and leaving behind a trail of strange odours should be always avoided.
You can visit swimming pools frequently for a shower are great for the homeless people that are located near a pool or beach and don’ forget service stations which have facilities for long distance drivers.
Save any wet wipes that come with the fast food they are great for when you need to clean your face, under arms and groin.
Baking soda is used as both toothpaste and deodorant substitute.
Hand sanitizers, toothbrushes, and razors are also cheap at the pound shop.
Good hygiene is crucial if you want to walk around shopping centres during the day “Warm and Dry” without looking homeless.
Clothing and bags
You need to keep your feet as dry a possible whenever you travel and if you are homeless, you will travel a lot.
Taking off your shoes and socks when you have the chance to get comfortable is a rule that many respect.
Procuring extra socks has become a habit for many of the homeless people, especially since the socks are the most needed item that is donated the least.
Think about this next time when you do a donation.
Having multiple items of clothing helps in multiple ways because you can change them often and keep the “dirty look” away from you.
Having multiple layers of clothes is ideal when winter sets in because you can keep warm even in harder conditions.
You should carry a backpack with just the essentials while having everything else concealed at your camp.
Carrying only the essential will not draw attention to yourself and to me is basic common sense.
Carrying your house with you, will just make you a target for the others and you won’t be able to blend in.
Your backpack is your whole world (it should contain birth certificate, social security card and all the money you have) and you should learn to keep a good eye on it.
Food and water, the basic needs of humans
Finding food and water plays an important role in the life of every homeless person (That is what you now are) and you will spend quite some time trying to get what you need.
There are various strategies and these are used even by those who have a roof over their head, but have a hard time living from one pay day to the other.
Hotels often have free continental breakfasts and if you look clean, you can eat and load up on food such as dry cereal, peanut butter, breads and bananas.
Most fast-food restaurants and pizza places have food that gets thrown away at the end of the business hours and you can ask for this food, and in time, you can develop a good relationship with the managers.
They will provide you with left-over food, before it reaches the bin.
Dumpster diving/raiding the bins is another activity that is practised by many homeless people, but you need to know how to do it.
Soup kitchens, missions, churches and shelters also serve food in the UK and some parts of Europe but the trick is knowing when to go to these places.
Also, you can’t always carry the food back to your camp site because it will attract animals.
If you can’t keep a camp site and you need to travel a lot, you will need to carry food that is light, portable and small. Simple to cook food that will not spoil quickly is what you should have.
Water sources are fairly easy to come by and many rely just on boiling the water. However, there are those who have a Water filter bottle in their bag to avoid getting sick from consumption. They carry one or two water bottles that they fill up every time they find a fountain.
The mental courage only few of us have
Being homeless takes a great toll on your mind spirit, regardless if you have a camp or access to food and water.
Depression and mental fatigue often leads to substance abuse and apathy.
You will have to get used to hear No and you will have to learn how to deal with rejection, without focusing on the negative.
Most of the homeless people focus on the day to day life and don’t put too much thought on what will come tomorrow.
Most of them expect for everything to go wrong and they manage to roll with it when it comes.
No matter what life throws at them, they manage to stay strong and find the inner courage to push forward.
They use common sense and live for each day, hoping that things will get better. They try not to focus on the negative and make good use of the homeless survival lessons they’ve learned from others.
They can survive for days, weeks or even months on the streets until they get back on their feet.
The trouble is that post SHTF things may never get back to “normal”.
Being homelessness is a real problem everywhere and it’s a true survival tests for most of the homeless.
Knowing more about being homeless peoples survival techniques and learning from these homeless survival lessons is a good way to prepare for any emergency situation that can change or life in minutes.
During this time of year, don’t ignore the homeless and help them if you can. They are the real survivors of our cities and they have to face a harsh reality, a reality in which we can make a difference.
If you donate clothes, don’t forget about the socks because as I said before, these are vital items that are overlooked by many of those who want to help.
In a survival situation, once you have found shelter, built a fire and collected water, your next task will be to find food resources.
And whilst it is perfectly possible to exist without food for a few weeks and live off edible wild plants and berries, you’ll no doubt be glad of a hearty meal.
Therefore, it’s very useful to learn some fishing skills and here are some tips; assuming that you have no fishing gear with you.
If you’re near water, the first thing you must do if you’re looking to catch fish is to spend a bit of time observing how the fish behave each day.
Like you, they’ll also be looking for their next meal, so you’ll need to establish their habits – when they’re active, where in the water they head for etc.
An additional tip, however, is to consider the temperature if you’re not sure where to look. In hot weather where the water is low, you’ll probably find them in deeper shaded water and when it’s cooler, you’ll find them in shallower areas where the sun warms the water up.
Some type of cord should always form part of your survival kit anyway and if you haven’t included a proper fishing hook too, you can always improvise and craft one out of a piece of bone, thorn, wood or a safety pin works just as well.
For bait, it’s useful to try to gain an idea of what the fish in the area are eating. Insects, a piece of bread, some raw meat, if you can find any, or worms are all good sources of bait.
Survival fishing isn’t an exact science though.
The more hooks you have in the water and your willingness to be patient and to experiment are going to be your biggest allies. Bad weather approaching is always a good time to go fishing as well as just after dawn and just before dusk.
If you are handy using your knife to carve out a piece of wood, making a spear to fish with in shallow water is another alternative but if you see fish swimming around in shallow water, it’s a useful skill to learn even though it takes an extreme amount of skill, quick reactions and patience.
A forked spear which can trap the fish between its prongs works best.
As for a net, you can fashion one out of using some kind of shirt or T-shirt tied onto a Y shaped branch.
Only your imagination can limit you to the kinds of fish traps you can engineer.
One of the simplest methods is to use the effects of the tide.
On a beach or area with tidal waters, build a circle of rocks and use small pebbles to plug any gaps.
When the tide comes in, it will bring small fish in with it.
Simply return to the rock circle later and see what you’ve caught.
Most fish found in freshwater are edible although some will taste better than others.
However, it’s important to remember that it’s not a matter of taste but a matter of survival. Once caught, cut the throat and gut it by slitting it from its anal passage to its throat removing the offal as you go.
Remove the head, tail and fins then smoke, grill or boil it.
be both psychologically and physically intense; testing you to the limits.
is likely to be magnified even further if you are accompanied by children, as
you’ll feel the added responsibility and pressure to get everybody to safety on
an even greater level. There are some things you should do
finding yourselves in an emergency situation when accompanied by children. They
will soon pick up on what’s going on. Therefore, you need to be honest about
what’s happening, yet try to remain calm at the same time.
that the situation is not impossible to get out of, that together you can work
things out and that help or rescue is not going to be too far away.
important to maintain an ‘adult’ impression at the same time as children
naturally and often subconsciously, think of adults as people who they can rely
on to provide shelter, warmth, food and safety.
the children, not only will you be able to complete your survival priorities
more quickly, but by being occupied, it will take the children’s minds off the
worry element of survival.
discuss with the children what each item might be used for.
have such fertile imaginations, they may even come up with creative ideas that
you might not even have thought of yourself.
item does and how you are going to use it. Get them to help you erect or find a
shelter and get them to gather suitable material for a fire.
survival situation and what the priorities are. Explain the dangers of eating
poisonous foods and drinking dirty water and what they should and shouldn’t do
with regard to both issues.
in your collection of both food and water provisions and preparing it for
and build some time into your survival regime in order to take the children’s
minds off the situation by telling funny stories, sharing jokes, having a
sing-song and any other general ‘campfire’ games you can come up with.
children as equals when it comes to being ‘team members’. They will want to
help and will often come up with ingenious ideas. Encourage them to be open
with you and with each other.
warmth, empathy and be honest and realistic with them above all else.
or two is a fair average estimate.
for all, with determination and a will to work together to succeed, both you
and the children should return to safety before too long and will be able to
look back on the situation as an incredible adventure that has only made
everybody stronger as a result.
partly because of the rough and tough environment and conditions we fish for
them in, but also because they put up a decent fight from the shore and also
taste good on a plate.
near cousin the whiting. The cod though has a more blunt head shape, with the
whiting being more pointed.
with an upward curve above the pectoral fin.
pectoral fin, whereas the cod does not. Cod range widely in colour.
they are a mottled fawn or brown on the back with white underside, but over
mixed ground become a mottled green, yet when living around kelp weed beds they
can be a dull reddy-orange.
small crustaceans and crabs, worms and brittle stars when small, but as they
pack on weight start to become more predatory favouring small cod, whiting,
herring, mackerel, sand eel, pout and poor cod.
but double figure fish are always on the cards and 20lbers still feature off
the beaches occasionally.
by long-liners over the Grand Banks, and 100lb plus fish are still sometimes
caught commercially and taken in to fish factories in Iceland and Norway.
of a monster still remains!
cod feast when fishing on rough ground.
gully, try and cast back to exactly the same position again. Cod are
predictable and fish will favour certain specific areas to feed above all
especially the rock gullies in deeper water. However when fishing offshore reef
ground, fish will often move along the beach with the flood tide, but drop back
again over the same ground on the ebb, though they tend to be at longer range.
with a good surf running. Ideal conditions often fall just as a full gale has
blown through and the sea is just beginning to lose its full swell.
powerful swimmers and have no problem feeding in rough surf seas.
the bulk of the cod. Make your bait by pushing two or three worms, size
depending up on the hook, then putting two more worms alongside the hook bait
splint style and then wrap the whole lot together with bait elastic to form a
big sausage shape about 6 to 8-inches long.
off with mussel and queen cockles, especially after a gale has washed shellfish
up on to the shore. Tipping with squid strip is also effective.
interest in worm based baits and will take big mussel baits, again made with
multiple mussel pushed up the hook and bound on with bait elastic to form a
sausage shape about 4 to 6-inches long.
the east Scottish shore and in the Northeast of England, but will catch fish
become scarcer as they move offshore, but those left inshore late will have a
preference for fresh peeler crab if you can get it.
a few feet of free line and slightly lower the rod tip. Often the fish will
swim the lead weight free of the snag as it swims back away from you and you’ll
realise this as the line tightens again to the weight of the fish.
give it a few feet of free line and slightly lower the rod tip. Often the fish
will swim the lead weight free of the snag as it swims back away from you and
you’ll realise this as the line tightens again to the weight of the fish.
so get catching.
heat. It is easy to make using natural materials and is perfect for use on
you’ll be surrounded by lots of sand, but will also likely have some access to
driftwood, small bushes and maybe even some trees.
in, you should be able to handle this one on your own. Start by digging a
trench large enough to lie down in and build-up 3 walls around it.
can lie comfortably across the top.
can find and lay it across the roof beams. You can also use the foliage to make
the ground inside the shelter a little softer for you to sleep in.
shelter is especially important to providing you with shade.
longer and conserve your energy, as well as protect you from potentially bad
sunburn and debilitating heat stroke.
a diversity of foodstuffs that is entirely different to what you’ll find
elsewhere; shellfish, seaweed, coastal plants, a whole new array of flavours
and textures to explore.
subject of seashore foraging. This short guide does not attempt to replace any
of them, and I make no claims as to it being exhaustive.
are common, easy to identify, simple to find and easy to prepare.
absolutely sure of the identity of any wild food you are about to eat.
saying it anyway; don’t make me regret writing this by poisoning yourself with
something you didn’t identify properly.
very often encounter inland.
our congested little island we have managed to make lots of our beaches
somewhat toxic; before gathering shellfish consult with the Environment Agency
to make sure that your proposed foraging grounds are clean and safe.
out where is safe. Remember that while shellfish are at their best in winter
(or any month with an R in it, as they say), you CAN eat them in summer; but
the quality during the summer months, when they are spawning, is much reduced.
but it is VERY easy to be trapped by rising tides or, worse, caught up in
quicksand. If there are signs warning about quicksand or treacherous tides,
the beach to find your way home through a sea mist, and make sure you’re not
still there as the tide comes trundling in around you.
turning round and not being able to actually see Brid because of the sea mist.
obvious, but if the forage you are after is growing on or near a cliff top (and
this often happens, due to the lack of grazing on the cliff itself) then leave
it be. It isn’t worth it, no matter how good the forage looks.
(also known as glasswort) .
coastal salt marshes around much of the South of the British Isles, being less
common up in Scotland. I guess you’d call it something of a ‘succulent’, having
a soft, green water filled body and no leaves as such.
sold in fishmongers and on farmers markets, one of the few really wild
vegetables for sale, and it is all the rage in some of the posh restaurants
where it fetches a silly price, which is amusing if you know where to pick it
dirty job. Pick the young plants whole in July, ideally, but its edible well
into August and sometimes into September. Wash them well, steam them lightly,
toss in a little butter, and pick them up by the roots and bite off the soft
it gets a hard, wiry heart, which isn’t the end of the world, just chew the
plant off that.
fantastic and If I lived close to the sea, almost anywhere in the UK, then I
wouldn’t grow spinach or chard in my garden, I’d rely on this superb wild
vegetable. It grows profusely on cliffs and by dunes near the sea, and it
tastes just like spinach, only sometimes it is slightly salty.
the wild relative of spinach, and you can sometimes spot that there’s been some
hybridisation (you find some wild cultivars that have bigger leaves, odd
raw first, find out whether the specimen is good enough for salad, but if it
isn’t then it’ll cook as well as spinach.
one of the umbellifers we can thank the Romans for introducing, they brought it
over as a green vegetable, and a superb one it is too.
the coast of much of Britain (being especially common from Anglesey, down and
around all the way to Norfolk, sporadically further North on the East Coast
being plentiful in places like Scarborough), and also inland by some roadsides
and some waste places, where it can almost inexplicably grow to the exclusion
of everything else.
in butter when they’re done. Or chop them and add them with stock vegetables in
a stew, and they’ll impart a delicate, herby flavour unlike anything else.
personally like to use them to flavour seafood dishes; try adding the chopped
leaves to moules mariniere, or dressing crab salads with them.
you were to mistake one of the poisonous wild relatives of Alexanders for the real thing. But don’t let that worry you too
much, once you get to know the texture and smell you’ll have no trouble knowing
the real thing.
Spring, go looking again in Autumn when it starts growing again to flower next
poor old limpet isn’t rated as a food by most people, and I can see why.
They’re tough, hard to prise off the rocks, and take some cooking to make them
good, but on the flip side they’re plentiful, tasty, and very easy to identify!
but once a limpet knows you are there then there’s no shifting him.
gentle tap to remove him, all you’ll achieve is that he will grip the rock more
tightly, and unless you actually smash his shell (ruining the limpet for
nothing) then he’s staying where he is.
limpet with the butt of a knife or a small rock is all that is needed. Don’t
try to pry one off with a knife, I tried that once and the end broke off!
them into boiling water for 5 minutes, extract them from their shells, and then
fry with some garlic and herbs (I like alexanders and wild garlic for this), or
put them on the rack of a warn barbecue, shell side down, and poach them in
their own juices with just a drop of lemon juice.
surprisingly tasty and tender morsel of food.
go down better if you cut the hard part off after the initial boiling.
of my favourite seaside forages. I think that this comes from happy childhood
memories of gathering winkles in the rock pools on the coast of Carlingford
Lough, and then boiling them for a short while in salty water before sitting
and eating them by the sea, armed with a trusty pin to work the unlikely, snot
like snails from their shells.
and fun little things to eat, and if you’ve got a good patch then you can pick
plenty. Never empty a whole pool of them, but rather take a few from lots of
different pools; leave plenty of breeding stock.
sea-snails are found in rock pools in the littoral, tidal zone (the clue is in
the scientific name!) pretty universally.
boiling salted water, dress them with a little more salt and vinegar, then sit
and winkle them out; you get a pin, flick off the little hard shield, and then
carefully twist and pry the meat out.
it straight into your mouth (or save it for a more complex recipe if you
prefer), and ideally, throw the shell over your shoulder and into the sea,
enjoying the view from the harbour wall…
favourite shellfish, and perhaps the tastiest, having a flavour that can rival
the oyster and even the best scallops.
a good spot to go forage on. Best picked from rocky shore lines, and it is
extremely important that the shore be clean; really, check this out with the
Environment Agency if you are in any way unsure.
water with some oats, and leave them overnight. This frees up a lot of the grit
that might be in them and somewhat cleans and purges them.
though cook straight away of course.
isn’t closed chuck it, it’s dead and therefore unsafe), scrape off any
barnacles, pull out the byssus (the hairs that hold the mussels together and to
the rocks) and they’re ready for cooking.
spirit of happy foraging, try combining them with other wild ingredients.
herb soup with mussels is one of the best things you will ever taste.
do not open through away.
the manky seaweed with little air holes on it that makes it float up. It isn’t
the tastiest seaweed, but it’s the most common, and it has a pleasant, salty,
give it a go, it’ll surprise you.
growth. Don’t gather the nasty stuff that has broken away on its own, pick it
when it is still moist and attached to the rocks, and only pick the softer
stuff, leaving the old, tough fronds behind.
beach, just as it is, but most people think I’m insane for that, it’s far too
simple fish stew. Take your bladderwrack and soak it for a couple of hours in
clean water, then add it to the stock you’re going to use and boil it for half
weedy flavour and a kind of slightly thick, almost slightly glutinous texture.
Give it a shot.
actually looks like lettuce leaves, a green and leafy seaweed found between the
low and high tide marks all round Britain.
about eating seaweed with some French friends that this is the one that our
neighbours over the channel esteem most.
recipe I’ve adapted from Roger Phillips wild food book, pick them fresh from
the rocks, soak in fresh water for half an hour, and cook lightly in butter for
three minutes before dressing with olive oil, vinegar, pepper and lemon juice.
hot seaweed salad you’ll ever encounter.
wine and vinegar for an oriental salad, it
goes very well with oily fish, like Mackerel for example.
This is kind of brownie green, with straight but frilly fronds up to 3m long.
mark, extending into the sea. Pick it in spring, when it is at its best.
that’s nice, but it isn’t a patch on real fried seaweed.
hang them in a warm place until kind of dry and leathery; you aren’t looking at
totally dried out here, but you want it dry to the touch.
about 1-2cm across, and drop the squares a few at a time into hot (not boiling)
fat, taking great care because they do spit terribly. They will quickly expand
and go crispy.
rather like sea lettuce, but much darker, almost black, kind of purplish
sometimes. In truth, you’re likely to pick a wide variety of very similar
species, but it barely matters, they mix together just fine.
far as to call it an ‘acquired taste’. But if you find some, try cooking it to
a puree (takes a while; an hour or more sometimes), and keep in the freezer
till breakfast time. Then heat it in a pan, spread it on toast, and serve with
storms and flooding, economic meltdown, and terrorist rag heads still on the
loose, natural or manmade disasters are now more a part of our lives than ever.
become a little frightened about the possibility of the sky falling on our
heads at any time.
economic system that allow any minor disturbance to have a seriously detrimental
effect on the supply chain of goods to our local food shops.
and blogs that deal with bad weather survival, disaster survival, and survival
that has been commonly overlooked is how to deal with family, friends, and
neighbour’s that have NOT prepared for the worst case scenario after the turd
hits the fan.
comprehensive survival kit with an aimed for 3 months’ minimum supply of food
and water, maybe a gun or two, and a few must have luxury items because you
realise that you just can’t rely on anyone but yourself when things get ugly
(i.e. localised power cuts “Strikes” or flooding).
to propose a few hypothetical questions.
expensive vacation to the US and didn’t heed the warning to prepare, would you
share your survival rations?
worried about rims and tires than preparing a survival kit, would you share
your survival supplies?
cupboards, but she knows you did because you have been telling her since before
Y2K that you have been preparing for a disaster, would you share your gear?
your supplies are now theirs; would you defend your supplies by all means
experienced a great shortage of basic staple goods and empty supermarket
that we are drowning in today.
that is really in charge.
questions proposed above, but it is worth a moment of time to consider both the
questions and the potential answers.
top of the food chain will be disrupted.
control back, in individual cases it may not occur and in some cases we may not
be able to regain our status at all.
prepared you are physically and mentally, the local predators and if you are
armed or not.
to bear this in mind. There will be nobody to phone up and get help.
the predator and it is only through our society and technology that we are top
of the food chain. It is a fragile position and we can quickly find that for a
period, a short brutal and fatal period, our society or technology has left us
vulnerable and we drop a few links in the chain.
recently were eaten by sharks, others by polar bears and others have died due
also have to deal with the most dangerous predator of all. “Man” is currently
the number one predator of man.
some way. Where this should be a major consideration in allowing us to defend
ourselves it appears that it does the opposite.
and have stocked up on traps, weapons and defensive capabilities.
the wolves, dogs and other wild animals. We can even handle the weather and the
loss of our food, water and shelter. We are fully prepared for those.
them and we should be thankful that we live in the UK where we don’t have
Grizzlies, Lions, Alligators, Sharks and other major predators.
as standard tornadoes, tsunamis and earthquakes either so we really are lucky.
Some are obviously predators and will come up against your defences.
who are not so obvious.
disruption of an event, those that will infiltrate your security at home and
kill you in your sleep.
defenceless against them. If you don’t think you will fall for lies and deceit
just look around and see what is going on today as we are being screwed over by
cannot fully prepare for.
aware. Phase your acceptance of people until they prove themselves.
to know) and being careful that will serve you best here. Real people will
identities for long.
forgiving. I’m friendly enough but I only get screwed once. I rarely forgive
people screwing with me but I never forget.
if they are honest in their dealings with me then I can forgive mistakes but
never something deliberate.
will be less dangerous. Everyone will know who is trustworthy and who is not.
In the olden days people’s integrity was known for miles.
wandering. They should be few and far between.
keep clear of them if they don’t deserve killing.
change in your behaviour and habits.
individuals are turning towards criminal behaviour as they become angrier, looking
for someone to blame, and may be downright desperate.
person, may be walking among them from time to time and you don’t even know it
or recognize it.
simply be aware. Awareness consciously (and subconsciously) changes your own
behaviour such that you will be more likely to avoid dangerous situations that
could escalate into violence.
driving, etc) outside your home
understand the history of the area you are about to travel in.
time will come to understand where the ‘bad’ areas are in their local region –
areas especially vulnerable to crime.
area, make an effort to discover where these ‘bad’ areas are. A great tool to
look for crime reports is on CrimeReports.com, which shows maps dotted with
crime reports in Canada, the U.S., and the UK.
their surroundings, and are the first to become victims.
little world, they are prime targets for criminals.
up straight, as you walk with purpose – shoulders back, and confident.
might you avoid an unruly-looking gang of troublemakers, but they might avoid
effective deterrent to a criminal.
avoid eye contact in public places. They want to remain in their own little
world and by looking down or avoiding eye contact, they are convinced that they
will remain in that cocoon. The reality is that they are entirely wrong.
that otherwise might initiate from a stranger, but that’s about it… By
occasionally scanning and making quick eye contact with others, tells any
potential criminal that you are not afraid. ‘Quick’ eye contact simply means
have to walk around being paranoid to avoid being in the wrong place at the
wrong time? No, of course not.
will feel uncomfortable at first – and they may feel as though they are being
able to carry on a conversation with someone while driving a car. It’s no big
unknowingly ward off a pick-pocket, purse-snatcher, or worse criminal, without
you even knowing it happened!
woods including lack of preparedness, not paying attention to the weather,
precursor to a life threatening event occurring.
others say, “I am just………” as in “I’m
just going to walk up the ridge and see if I can see a deer,” or “I’m just
going to be out for fifteen minutes,” or perhaps “I’m just going to run down to
into trouble than any other three little words I can think of!
YOU Ha, Ha,
them to yourself, silently─ which is even more dangerous.
not even conscious of your decision to leave your gear behind.
because “I am just…….” When spoken out
loud there always is the chance that someone, upon hearing you say, “I am
just……….” will step in and remind you of the importance of always taking your
emergency clothing and equipment with you ─ even though the possibility of
having to spend an unplanned night out is remote.
the same, STOP and think about what to do next!
threatening will happen ─ after all you are “just……………” When you use the word “just,” you are
convincing yourself that the weather will remain pleasant, that no accident
will happen, that you will not get lost, or that you will be able to get back
day pack with your emergency gear and warm clothing because you won’t need it ─
you are “just…………….”
your back up clothing and emergency equipment.
season follows another, and you have yet to spend that unplanned night out, the
temptation to reduce the weight of the daypack you are carrying by leaving your
survival kit at home, can be very attractive.
ascend on foot and hunt at higher altitudes, it is natural to want to lighten
your load and leave behind those pieces of equipment that you have seldom, if
the lack of it, which causes you to decide to leave items behind that you
trouble! After all, “I was just………” You get complacent.
the past and so it is easy to convince
yourself that it won’t happen in the future and if it does you can handle it
─whatever “it” is!
situation is like playing Russian roulette.
roulette with five out of six chambers loaded!
in trouble who, after being rescued from some horrendous situation, said “I was
evening ─ he was “just” going to walk down to the end of the ridge and see if
he could spot a stag.
morning was the opening day of the shooting season. He never returned and despite an extensive
search he was not found alive.
discovered by other hunters.
emergency gear consisted of a .357 Magnum pistol and thirty seven rounds of
ammunition, which he had used to try to signal his hunting partners.
but were never heard by either his partners or those that searched for him.
had tried to shelter himself by drawing two log ends together and laying slabs
of bark on top of the logs to provide a crude roof.
provide the protection he needed from the environmental conditions he
be said that he died because he had rationalized away the need to carry any
additional emergency gear.
developing in the first place – a map, compass or a GPS Receiver.
from cold temperatures, precipitation and wind-chill.
the attention of the rescuers that were looking for him – a mirror, whistle,
mobile, warm clothing, survival bag.
for an elk and then return to camp!”
should be considered a red flag warning!
STOP! The trap is being set!
it, there may be no escape.
adequate clothing, without basic survival equipment (reliable fire starting
devices, waterproof, windproof sheltering materials, a signal mirror and
whistle), without the ability to build a fire or signal to others, survival
depends on an individual’s tenacity to live, their ability to improvise what
they need and luck – but sometimes that’s not enough!
begin a trip – even a short one, don’t use the words “I am just…….”
them can be as little as a few feet!
long as the vehicles stick to their side of the road everything works well but
a moment’s in attention can result in catastrophe.
concept could be applied to many other scenarios.
the outdoors, is indeed a thin one. In
fact I believe that we are the thickness of a piece of paper away from a
disaster at any given time!
keep us safe that we no longer think about the threats to our safety and what
we would do in the event that our lives are placed at risk.
The government, our employers, family members and others have a role in keeping
us all safe but ultimately we each have to recognize that no one is more
responsible for our safety than we are.
accomplish before an event. Our safety
is dependent on our ability to recognize danger and react quickly enough to
ensure our safety.
outdoors? Of course not!
increase your knowledge, improve your survival skills, outfit yourself with
reliable equipment, thoroughly evaluate the risks and then measure your skills
against those risks before undertaking an activity in the outdoors.
be followed by an honest, objective appraisal of your skill level and ability
to cope with those threats.
hazards or perhaps the threats posed by animals when you travel in the outdoors
but the part of risk management and accident prevention that is hard to come to
grips with is what the academics call “human factors.”
awareness, or failure to question old habits results in a belief that“ I’ve
done this before successfully therefore there won’t be a problem the next
controllable, pleasant, predictable and avoidable is perceived to be of less
risk. Consequently when an activity
becomes routine the likelihood of an accident increases.
with a dangerous situation you must first be able to recognize a dangerous
cope with life threatening situations.
Men are particularly prone to over estimating their ability to cope with
a crisis. Sometimes brute strength isn’t
change often leads to accidents. You
must get to the “summit or die” mentality.
disastrous. Continuing on in the face of
bad weather, rough terrain, darkness or other hazards in an effort to
“get-back-at-all-cost” can be fatal.
influence what you should do when you are in trouble. Do what is in your best interest and don’t
worry about what your spouse is thinking or what your employer is going to
think when you don’t show up for work.
Keeping yourself safe is.
think. You can survive teasing,
ridicule, and the comments of others but you may not survive the impact of the
environment if you fail to protect yourself
than accepting, at face value, the advice of others, Test everything before your life’s on the
line. Practice your survival skills and
experiment with your equipment before you need to use them in a crisis.
betray you by setting you up to fail when your experience doesn’t take into
account a new situation.
way: “People are often set up for a disaster, not by their inexperience, but by
subjective, intangible issues, the human factors, are much more difficult to
come to grips with.
you must prepare for what you hope will never happen while accepting the
possibility that a crisis can happen at any time.
newspaper headline to say?” “Survived in
Style” or “Deceased?”
game and even large domesticated farm animals.
even if you do not eat meat animals still have to be kept for eggs, milk,
cheese and other dairy products, which we need to make up a healthy diet.
things do not seem so bad when you are tucking into a beef steak or a lamb
basically like this. Poultry good, Pigs & Sheep medium, Cattle poor.
this can be supplemented with natural feed when free ranging.
the feed to meat and egg production ratio, but the switch to a varied natural
feed can produce a higher quality product.
quite well with waste fruit and vegetables, and also natural feed when free
if producing black faced hardy sheep, these will eat almost all kinds of
vegetation from the poorest of land, so even though their feed costs are low
they still put weight on but slower than more expensively reared quality grass
and will also require expensive winter feed and purpose built winter housing,
producing anything from cattle takes many months and masses of expense and
the mistake I made was I was on the wrong bank when I shot it, and this meant
that I had to cross the river to retrieve it, nevertheless it did eventually
end up on my plate and all was well.
they purchase days shooting on estates with driven game (a bit like shooting
rats in a barrel)sometimes, I think.
these shoots except that we are good enough only to pick up what has been shot
and beat, it seems.
ancient times, yes we must provide for our own. Now with years of battery
breeding of game birds we have a chemical drug free food source just running
obtaining this free food is the priority and in many ways not the way we get
deploying decoy’s and building hides etc.
would agree with my sentiments.
ground and on the water as well.
on our menu either shot of dispatched with a quick blow to head with a heavy object.
Imagine how long we would survive with a cow or sheep to keep us going.
including game birds and water fowl so as to breed our own food, the benefit
being that most of these animals and birds feed themselves do they not.
for me it is also morally wrong too.
after slaughtering it you decide you can’t eat it and end up throwing it away,
then you have wasted that animals life and killed it for no reason other than
some half-baked idea that you could be self-sufficient or rear your own food.
supermarket for a pound of sausages. If you find you have become attached to
your animals which happens quite a lot, then don’t kill them, keep them as pets
which they most probably will have become.
achieve and stick to it and not get carried away by popular fads.
or stick to growing vegetables and let someone else produce the meat.
simpler, easier and a lot less hassle than trying to produce your own meat.
is time to take care of those who depend upon you for their survival.
loves their pets.
providing for all its needs. And that includes helping your pet survive come
your favourite animal is well taken care of.
the Katrina episode when hurricanes strike populated areas, pets are often let
loose in vast numbers because their owners cannot properly take care of them.
attempt to survive on their own. Cats, exotic birds, and other pets may develop
breeding populations that cause environmental havoc proceeding the survival
prepare for pet survival. The best pet survival kits will contain at least the
following items or actions:
kit and on your person. A pet survival collar worn by your pet that contains
the pet’s id, name, address and phone number
littler, poop scoop, bleach, and plastic garbage bags.
of each pet.
needs of your pet for any situation. Know the locations of local shelters for
both you and your pets and ask if they accept pets during survival situations.
easy. When survival is at stake, you need to be prepared to continue caring for
your pets so that they come out alive and healthy.
required gear for any pet owner.
in the town or on the outskirts of the town or even under bushes in the local
“Stealth Camping” and it is done mainly by biker-campers although not
areas without trace or discovery.
not imply an illegal activity. Instead, stealth campers take advantage of free
or extremely low cost sleeping areas where other campers never think to
and requires forethought, consideration of the property owner, and safety
consciousness in order to keep it legal, safe, and comfortable.
confining definitions on what constitutes stealth camping.
car and stopped at a rest stop or a fast food outlet for an extended nap you
have stealth camped without even knowing you were doing it.
may not be considered hard core by the most experienced stealthers, car camping
in public car parks is one of the more sedate forms of stealth camping.
camping as only for losers who would rather sleep in their cars than shell out
money for a hotel bed and a hot shower.
a Hammock Tent between two trees in a secluded wooded area on the outskirts of
a big city or pitching a one-man bivy shelter within earshot of a train track
or in a tucked away corner of a farmer’s pasture land.
here are some reasons why.
piece of flat ground on which to camp?
ground is never very flat. Even within your tent footprint, and sleeping bag, you
are still lucky to find a spot without a root sticking in your back.
even with all that protection, you will still be sleeping on hard ground.
hard as you try, you can never get truly comfortable. Anyway, this is STEALTH
CAMPING…there is NEVER a flat spot when you need one.
pitch it almost anywhere over any type of terrain.
you don’t need a big flat area of ground, you are able to pitch your campsite
amongst the trees.
cloaking devices ever for stealth campers. Hammocks are designed to be stealthy
and trees are an effective blocking mechanism.
seen hammocks that cannot be seen within 10 feet of the campsite. It is very
reasonable to assume that you can launch a hammock 50′ away from a populated
area and never be seen by the public.
comfortable night’s sleep in a standard tent. I cannot say the same thing about
cannot get sleeping in a tent. The first thing that comes to mind is the
ability to prop yourself up.
slight curvature as it is strung between two trees. This curvature isn’t over
whelming though and you are still able to slide down and flatten out.
stealth camping as it sounds great fun.
does not mean that you are free from any possible nuclear radiation threats.
There are several facts and factors you need to know:
disaster in 1986 demonstrated, even if you are several hundred miles or away
from a nuclear power station, if an unlikely but possible major nuclear
accident happens and you are downwind of it at the time, your safety would be
seriously at risk.
happen at a plant that works with nuclear material or nuclear waste or during
the transportation of radioactive material in your area.
include terrorist attacks with radioactive material devices, as in “dirty
bombs”, which are caused by conventional and not nuclear explosions.
is over”. Yes, but the world is still full of crazy people, and there are
now more nuclear weapons in the hands of more countries and terrorist groups
than during the cold war.
news report from the Associated Press started with: “North Korea
threatened Wednesday to wipe the United States off the map as Washington and
its allies watched for signs the regime will launch a series of missiles in the
coming days.” Plus there is still great animosity between many nations with
historically, war has followed the collapse of the economy of a nation. I hope
there are no economy collapses anywhere in the world. But if it happens, war is
possible, and it could quite likely be nuclear.
of a terrorist attack with a portable nuclear device like a “suitcase
blast effect and the radioactive fall-out afterwards. Fall-out is sometimes
dispersal will depend on several factors, but it is basically fine dust from
the explosion that continuously gives off invisible radiation as it falls to
closer to ground zero.
concentrated and dangerous enough to require the use of fall-out shelters to
protect you, will fall to earth within a few hours.
carried by the wind, some taking months to settle to earth.
radiation from radioactive particles reduces with time, which helps man and
nature to recover.
exposure, weakens to only 1/10th as strong 7 hours later. Two days later, it’s
only 1/100th as strong.
popular opinion! There are many myths about nuclear war, including this big one
that no one will be able to survive it. To the contrary; nuclear wars are very
survivable, IF people are prepared, excluding a small percentage of people near
ground zero (the point directly below the explosion).
during the atomic bomb attack, some people who were far inside tunnel shelters
built for conventional air raids located as close as one-third of a mile from
ground zero, survived uninjured.
shelters lacked blast doors and were deep inside the zone within which all
buildings were destroyed.
everything and will kill all those who survived the initial blast.
is not true.
even minor preparations can save your life, even though your health may be
any sense to build nuclear fall-out shelters, and governments would not spend
large amounts of money doing so for their citizens.
just that, including Russia, Switzerland and some Scandinavian countries. And,
some countries have built them only for their leadership and not for their
actually had a nuclear war in real terms and we have all survived.
considered a table delicacy for many who would otherwise be going without meat.
Deer, various birds, rabbit etc.and a variety of other animals killed by
vehicles and left lying on the side of the road became an important source of
protein for many a family.
been done for you.
it out, and cook it up. A gift from the Gods a hungry man should not pass up!
looks healthy, its meat is perfectly safe to eat.
such easy free meat.
eating road kill.
been for all of your life.
like to go hungry for several days straight – or even weeks.
well stocked, and as much food as you could possibly want is waiting for you at
the local shop. That could all change.
collapse food sources can quickly dry up. It’s amazing how preconceived food
prejudices are soon rejected when real knawing hunger sets in.
months without enough food and you will think nothing of eating insects, worms,
rats, or anything else that comes your way.
road kill badger roast would be a seriously welcome addition to the dinner
animal was dispatched at the abotrior , by a hunter in the forest, or a
it will not matter one bit how the animal met its end.
feeding yourself and your family; road kill could put meat on the table when
food is scarce and your survival is at stake.
mealtime fare in many areas. In my neck of the woods pheasants are almost daily
hit by motorists speeding through the countryside.
on the roads around the estate.
insure your road kill meat is fresh and has not “gone off”.
signs of potentially spoiled meat include smell and the presence of scavenging
insects, maggots, and the like, meat can also be spoiled without these signs.
organisms or parasites.
passed over several hours before, then chances are your road kill is reasonably
fresh and you are in meat.
their environment and open to opportunity as it presents itself, however
need and not to be overlooked by the hungry survivor.
are not allowed to stop and pick it up however the driver of the vehicle behind
prepared to survive.
to stay alive. The words, ‘to survive’, could also be interpreted less
literally – more like staying healthy or healthier than otherwise.
this notion to its very basic core – like the ability to survive in the
wilderness without any modern help whatsoever, you are on your own, life and
death circumstances, black and white.
the context of living within today’s modern society parameters, and utilizing
the modern tools available today in order to prepare or be prepared for various
problems that may occur tomorrow.
preparedness’ “preppers” that are more hard-core than others and I’ve noticed
that the movement has been coined with two labels in an apparent attempt to
delineate their core values.
two labels are Survivalists and Preppers.
functioning within the system of modern society, preparing for minor
disruptions that may come their way, while the Survivalist is considered to be
on the edge, perhaps already hunkered down in their bunker or survival retreat
– ready for Armageddon.
lots of in-between. When it comes to survival preparedness, I believe that the
spectrum is all pretty much OK, so long as it’s within the law of the land.
personalities, skills, and interests, there will likewise be a multitude of
variety when it comes to how one prepares, and what they are preparing for.
people will be in varying vicinities of the risk themselves.
higher risk than others based on their geographical location, their occupation,
their own current financial and preparedness situation, etc.
ordinary people are waking up and realizing that things are not all Rosy out
there and that there are very real risks facing us all as the world’s economic
systems are teetering on the brink of failure while the rumour of wars fill the
there will always be veterans of the same. There’s room for everyone.
wilderness seem implicit.
outcomes. But just how does this “Pollyanna principle” affect your
brain in survival situations?
handmade hovel miles from civilization “home.”
like a page ripped from a self-help book, positive mental attitude (PMA) is an
integral part of survival.
allowing you to think more clearly and make better decisions.
remember how the fight-or-flight response limits the amount of things you
observe around you?
stress, you reinvigorate your awareness of your surroundings.
that would be when sharing habitats with unfriendly neighbours.
our chances of survival, but how exactly does that happen?
thoughts breed positive results?
positive thinking and emotions on people sprang up a relatively short time ago.
brain, allowing for more innovation and creativity.
your initial needs are met, you will require new ideas and prioritization of
tasks to keep yourself alive for the longer term.
bodies. Think about your body language when you watch a funny movie.
often more relaxed than when you see a nail-biting thriller. This loosening up
will help you conserve precious energy.
to positive thinking because you will better know how to fend for yourself.
That, coupled with PMA, can help you cross the bridge to survival.
function of this safety kit is to provide the means to build a rudimentary
shelter and a fire — to survive that one day. Cigarette lighters are great for
lighting cigarettes. Matches are great if they’re dry.
allow you the luxury of a fire anywhere anytime you can find something to burn.
out the knife.
combines an emergency whistle, compass, thermometer, bright LED light,
signalling mirror, and magnifying glass to help start a fire or extract a
and a single emergency blanket.
balls a sure thing for fire starting. They fire up with speed.
store shoulder bag. You should consider the following as additions to your one bad day
concentrated soy bars, nutrition bars. A week’s supply is reasonable.
specialty foods high in nutrition and the fat your body needs at low cost.
that retain body heat and protect you from the elements.
surgeon and need a M.A.S.H. that’s up to you. It’s a good idea to include more
than a roll of Band-Aids and a tube of ointment.
secure a broken bone, and alleviate pain.
ability to kill bacteria, viruses, girdia, and cryptosporidium.
include a water transport system, canteens, backpack bladders, etc. buy the Purificup at www.purifycup.co.uk
good military poncho that will keep the wind and weather away.
attention and keep you alive until help arrives.
carry. It’s a magnificent start to securing you and the people you love.
black. “Camping sanitation practices” – “personal hygiene” – whatever you want
to call it, it’s about more than just smell.
fellow hikers; the aesthetics of the wilderness; avoiding fines; and your
personal comfort are all at stake as well.
various nasty’s. Keep them at bay through better personal and environmental
cleanliness, and you’ll feel better, smell better and be less likely to end up
water contamination and proper treatment, but are less cautious about other
sources of germs from food and waste – witness a trio of survivalists or
preppers all sticking their grubby hands into a bag of trail mix at break time.
and a rubbish disposal at camp doesn’t mean you can’t keep yourself and your
trail area reasonably clean when out in the woods.
together on the subject so you can be a friend to the woods – and to your tent
your pocket and use it frequently – after toilet use; before grabbing a handful
of trail mix; before cooking dinner.
ingesting bacteria that can make you sick – a doubly unpleasant experience when
on a survival exercise let alone the real thing.
the arms, feet and groin area.
– yes, that all came off you – and how much better you feel afterwards. A light
weight to carry with big benefits.
in a creek.
dry and move on does wonders for eliminating bacteria and relieving hot spots
that may have been developing into blisters as you hike.
your socks in use while you’re at it.
socks and hang out to dry overnight.
in the morning, as sometimes they won’t dry out completely at night. Tie
outside your pack to finish drying the next day.
give yourself an occasional sponge bath of sorts – at least your face,
underarms, groin, buttocks and feet.
and you’ll sleep better if not so sticky everywhere.
environment, carry water away from the source to take this bath if you are
using soap – one way is to include in your pack a container cut from a 1-gallon
jug, or buy a collapsible bucket.
it on your feet at night after cleaning.
what you hiked in, and hang those hiking clothes to air out overnight when
possible. If near water, rinse them out when you can.
healthful. Include dental floss and a travel-sized travel toothbrush and
toothpaste in your pack.
though. As with dishwater, either dispose of it well away from your sleeping
area or in running water that will quickly dilute it.
can remove a lot of grunge from your body with one or two of these
alcohol-soaked cloths, when used burn them.
week without “going” because of either being uncomfortable with the process, or
too bashful of sorts to let nature take its course.
all up in knots over it; just emulate your cat, as explained below.
is our bathroom. Do relieve yourself away from camp sites as the urine odour
can remain for some time.
either drip-dry, carry out the TP, or bury it where allowed by using a
S#!+ in the Woods”, but I’ll try to condense that issue down to a few points:
including springs and streams.
you hike for toilet purposes.
cat tries to, dig a hole 4-6 inches deep. If the ground is covered with snow,
be sure to dig through the snow and create the cat hole beneath the topsoil –
this can be quite hard work if the ground is frozen.
most, but actually results in much more natural and healthful elimination than
sitting at a 90 degree angle on your home toilet.
pointers – make sure you’re really out of sight; squat with your rear downhill;
hang on to a tree for balance; and make sure your shirt or coat is lifted up in
wipes this will reduce the chances of chafing and later discomfort.
you removed. Revert the site to its natural look by re-scattering leaves, rocks
or pine needles over the top. Place a rock on top so the next person along doesn’t
step in it or animals try dig it up.
soap and water.
sand or wash off after each use. Keep it and your roll of TP in a plastic bag and
carry in or on your pack away from your food.
trail and at camps – wrappers, toilet paper, plastic jugs can distract from the
wilderness experience. Here’s how you can be part of the solution.
Ziploc re-sealable baggies to package individual meal servings instead of their
original containers, then use those bags to hold your rubbish coming out.
cans and other containers with metal – you’ll have to carry those in and out.
trash items, but beware of paper not burning all the way to ash, or you still
have a rubbish problem.
easily burn up – if you’re going to smoke, carry out the butts.
up; don’t wait for “someone to do something about it”.
potential purposes such as water protection, ground cover, or sleeping bag
protector while you are out there – and then put your unburned rubbish in it on
your way out.
Disaster Survival Items
not a pleasant one it does no harm to be prepared.
concerned about an economic collapse based upon a worsening financial situation
and more specifically hyperinflation, I am not yet convinced that this is about
cripple our way of life is possible, it too seems unlikely. And while an
environmental disaster may occur at any time, it is likely to be localized and
not a nationwide disaster.
pull off a huge attack, and an earthquake, meteor, or volcanic eruption of epic proportions could happen, this
article will address preparation in your home to survive these or other
in the home. While most of the time antibacterial soap isn’t needed, in a world
with less than ideal water supplies and non-existent professional medical
treatment it could be a lifesaver.
in your home for survival situations. However as safe long term storage is not
very practical for many homes this might not be practical.
make candles, should be stockpiled in the home for survival purposes.
can be used for light as well as a small heat source. It might seem trivial,
but a few candles can make the difference between enough heat to survive and
oil can be stored away and used as a proper and safer light source that
are much more useful.
survival as well. In fact cases of nails, screws, simple tools, etc. could be a
money maker when it all hits the fan.
important so trade your loot for food or something you can use.
seeds can be purchased cheaply and stored safely for a long time.
use the seeds each year and replace them.
stockpiled in the home for survival as well. A good crop from your garden will
be more useful to survive the winter canned than dried or other food storage
the home as well. Stockpiling water to get started is fine, but you’ll run out
at some point.
available at most large retailers and camping, hiking, and backpacking stores.
types should be present in a survival situation.
yourself, your family, and your property. I’ll leave this up to you, but don’t
think people are going to starve without trying to take your food.
prepared for whatever might come can provide
you peace of mind that is quite needed these days.
Seven Million Working Adults are ‘Just one Bill away from Disaster’
themselves and their children
pushing working families to brink
were among those at risk of poverty
with an unexpected large bill at the end of a month
strain each month a single unforeseen bill could cause them financial disaster,
a study has found.
money at the end of each month to provide food for themselves and their
children, according to shocking new research.
employed and not reliant on state welfare, for whom ‘work no longer pays’.
were having particularly devastating
consequences, forcing millions towards poverty.
include a couple, without children, with a gross annual household income of
between £,000 and £29,000, or couples with two children on between £17,000 and
they were so stretched that a larger than expected bill could force them into
debt, with no equity in their home or savings on which to fall back.
the study, told the Guardian: ‘These people are the new working class – except
the work they do no longer pays.
move into a council property would be the worst kind of social ignominy and
claimed that of those classed as being in poverty – officially defined as
households with income of less than 60 per cent of median average – the number
of people working outnumbered those unemployed.
housing benefit had risen to 900,000 – more than doubling since 2005.
financial strain despite being in work and not relying on the state is likely
to embarrass the Government which declared that getting a job was the best way
to pull families out of poverty.
century I think it is.
really is now is the time to start local prepping groups and attract the
financially poor into our world.
would you do?
handling an evacuation procedure is that there are no hard and fast rules as
the need to evacuate and how you should go about doing so has so many variables
fire, flood, gas explosions, hurricanes etc
before you must evacuate
the evacuation e.g. the police, the fire brigade, the armed forces etc
necessary to look at two recent examples – the flooding experiences in the UK
over recent years and the likes of the outbreak of forest fires we regularly
witness on TV in the USA and other places.
to evacuate for many people but how the evacuations were carried out would have
been very different.
official authority representative calling at your house to tell you that you
must evacuate or you’ve been made aware of any evacuation procedures via the
local media, i.e.TV or radio then all you can do is to have some kind of
preparation plan in place in the eventuality that you have no option but to
evacuate your home.
everything is calm, tranquil and safe, disaster could strike at any time.
careering into your property or a plane crash nearby or some kind of unexpected
freak weather which damages your house beyond immediate repair – the list is
endless and the fact is that none of us can be certain that we would never need
to evacuate our home.
with your family the types of disaster that could possibly happen.
bizarre some of the suggestions might be, it can be a very useful exercise in
the event that a disaster which required you to evacuate did actually occur.
emergency services who would tell you what to do but that cannot always be
guaranteed if there is insufficient time to respond so talking through possible
scenarios and making some notes that you all understand is a good survival
you might respond to each of them
when you wouldn’t even bother to bring anything with you in disaster scenarios
where you might not have time to gather any belongings
away from the immediate area
our family would all stay together, the reality is that this might not always
should be familiar with.
safe distance from your home. This would be a meeting point perhaps in the
event that your house caught fire.
aware of but which might be outside your own neighbourhood in case you cannot
return home in the foreseeable future following a catastrophe.
such as a friend or close family member who lives well away from you (and
therefore the disaster area) to whom each of you should report into by phone in
the event that there’s a disaster and you are all separated.
you need to evacuate, this ill all depend upon whether or not there’s
sufficient time to do that.
house for example, you won’t have time and then your only option is making sure
you get out immediately and stay out.
pieces with you, the types of things you should consider might include:
time you’ll have to evacuate and whether or not some kind of official body is
organising the evacuation will all have a bearing on how you go about things.
family member knowing how to shut off things like the electricity, water and
gas from the main switches, all of you having attended a first-aid course,
learning about home fire hazards etc and this will all be invaluable knowledge
in the event that you ever need to evacuate.
methods and techniques that will be used in situations where modern
conveniences and infrastructures don’t exist or have been damaged.
many ‘levels’ of survival, from the simple ability to cook your own food, make
your own bread.
successfully build a fire, build your own shelter, purify drinking water, all the
way to identifying outdoor wild edible plants, trapping, hunting, evasion,
field dressing game, building a fence, preserving foods, growing a successful
garden, and on and on.
to be self-sufficient.
really, no one person can know it all. People will gravitate towards the skill
set that they find natural or enjoyable for them.
and get outside of your comfort zone.
into that zone, but the sesame somewhat stubborn people (I’m one of them) will
often find it very rewarding after having conquered a new skill.
own, is just that… a thought.
could succeed for long. OK, maybe the best could… but you know what I mean. We
will always need support from others.
will also allow you to enjoy the outdoors to a further extent than others
(except for the foolish).
panicking and enable better decisions during times of crisis.
are a valuable commodity during times of disaster.
will make you a different person, one who knows that they do not need to fully
rely on the system.
enable you to adapt. Adapting, or adapting successfully, is probably the
greatest skill of all.
or make something else with the resources that you currently have, is a great
you necessarily learn how to go off and live by yourself in the woods.
a little differently –having the skills to work outside of the system while
still functioning in the modern world.
what it is that you are ‘chained to’, the things that are holding you down.
Figure out ways to break the chains.
own food – even if it isonly seasonal. Learn some of the basics like how to
read a map and navigate without a GPS receiver.
out of the ‘comfort zone’and considering working for yourself instead of ‘the
job. Are they something that you could do on your own?
skills that could be utilized in a side business for yourself – something you
enjoy, part time on the weekends. That’s where it starts…
in a very short space of time and wildfires have been responsible for killing
many people over the years.
trying to escape a forest fire is to try to out run it. However, even in less
dense forests, forest fires travel so quickly and faster than you can run.
travels and by having some awareness of the terrain you are in, these two
things combined give you the best opportunity of surviving a forest fire.
travels uphill far quicker than it travels downhill.
opportunity, you might be able to keep in advance of the fire by moving
downhill as quickly as you can.
to it can help too.
river, stream or pond that maybe close by and head towards them where it’s
practical to do so.
burn such as the examples above can buy you valuable time.
can also help. Evergreen trees, such as conifers and those which have needles
burn far more quickly than deciduous trees.
two to try to escape, choose an escape route through a deciduous thicket of
close proximity that an immediate escape is not possible, you should try to
find or even dig a ditch into which you should climb and keep yourself as low
down as possible.
yourself up with a blanket or a coat if you have access to these items.
you’re able to, soak the blanket or coat in water first.
low down and covered up, this will give you the best chance of minimising the
effects of the suffocating heat and smoke as so many people die in forest fires
each year due to excessive inhalation of the smoke as opposed to being burned
passed through, move upwind where the fire will have already burned out the
about to take hold, the likelihood is that if you’re not aware, it will be upon
you in no time at all.
life and death.
in the area. A sure sign that fire is approaching is where you can spot fine
particles of ash which will settle on these kinds of surfaces.
which don’t seem in keeping with the rest of the sky.
thickens and the smell of smoke becomes more pungent, then the approach of fire
or negligence – a discarded cigarette end being the most obvious.
it’s important to beaware of the safety procedures with regards to fire when
out in the woods and to follow any rules, regulations and signs which are in
as well as ensuring that any campfires you build are permitted, are within the
regulations and that they are closely monitored at all times and extinguished
fire fighters that might be trying to stem the blaze.
of control around you, it’s easy to panic and to do the wrong thing.
been professionally trained to deal with all manners of fire fighting and all
members of the fire fighting team will be working in co-ordination to ensure
that the fire is extinguished as quickly as possible and to get people to
judgement – just do it. It could save your life.
seasons for Hunting and Fishing
illegal to shoot during the closed season.
there are closed seasons that you need to respect. These were put in place to
protect birds and animals whose populations could be in jeopardy if hunters are
allowed to shoot them all year round.
is in your discipline, particularly if you have more than one shooting
discipline to think about (for example, if you’re a game hunter and a wildfowl
a lot of hot water. Here is a guide to the open and closed seasons for some of
the main shooting types.
Ireland, November 30th is the close of the season, but it doesn’t end until
December 10th in the rest of the UK.
that you need to be aware of.
1st to February 1st in England, Scotland and Wales.
lasts from October 1st to January 31st.
September 1st to February 1st in England, Scotland and Wales. Like the pheasant
shooting season, it closes a day earlier in Northern Ireland.
12th to December 12th. The birds are found mostly in Scotland, so there is no
shooting season in Northern Ireland.
20th to December 10th in England, Scotland and Wales. They aren’t found in
Northern Ireland, so there is no shooting season there.
August 12th to January 31st on the UK mainland, and from September 1st to
January 31st in Northern Ireland.
September 1st to January 31st in Northern Ireland. The bird is protected at all
times in England, Scotland and Wales, which makes it illegal to shoot or hunt
it all year round.
1st to January 31st in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. In Scotland, the
woodcock shooting season starts on September 1st and closes at the same time as
the rest of the UK.
September 1st to January 31st in England, Scotland and Wales, and this is the
same in Northern Ireland. If the HMV is less than ordinary spring tides, the shooting
season closes on February 20th on the UK mainland.
1st to January 31st across England, Scotland and Wales. In Northern Ireland,
the birds are protected at all times, so it’s illegal to shoot them at any time
in the year.
September 1st to January 1st all over the UK (including Northern Ireland).
to January 31st in Northern Ireland. It is illegal to shoot curlews in England,
Scotland and Wales, as they are protected at all times.
methods all year round – see British Association for Shooting and Conservation
for more information.
river to river. Closed seasons are now largely a matter of local discretion or
freshwater fish or eels in England (except the River Tweed), Wales or the
Border Esk and its tributaries in Scotland must have an Environment Agency rod
fish close season applies to all rivers, streams and drains in England &
Wales, but does not apply to most still waters or canals.
directory), or alternatively FishScotland.
there is no legal close season for rainbow trout, grayling, coarse or sea
fishing, although some fisheries do not operate in the winter.
last for your entire life.
is part of the fun of being a survivor.
you gain are often useful in other areas.
of time, and they are experts in the art of ingenuity and inventiveness.
yourself in are in numerable.
requirements for successfully surviving, in the final analysis it is mastery of
five basic survival skills that are essential.
give you the edge and put you on your way toward becoming a talented survivor.
business of survival.
allow you to survive in the coldest of environments.
so you can have the peace of mind and rest you need. And that is not all.
attributes when you want to stay healthy when potential disease causing
organisms are lurking about.
making of tools and keeping pesky insects at bay.
signalling very long distances.
making a fire at you immediate disposal.
you should be able to create a fire anytime anywhere no matter how adverse the
Practice and become an expert.
most visible mark of an experienced survivor.
includes heat, cold, rain, snow, the sun, and wind.
insects and other creatures that seek to do you harm.
about. The first layer of shelter is the clothing you choose to wear.
clothing is of vital importance and must be wisely chosen according to the
environment you are likely to find yourself in.
order to maximize your ability to adapt to changing conditions.
yourself, a lean-to or debris hut perhaps.
inventiveness and ingenuity. If the situation requires, your shelter can be
insulated with whatever is at hand for the purpose.
have a space blanket or tarp with you, in which case creating a shelter should
be relatively easy.
to practice and experiment with a variety of materials and survival scenarios
on a regular basis.
without having to be in actual physical contact with them.
of ways to signal for help. These include using fire and smoke,flashlights,
bright colour clothing and other markers, reflective mirrors, whistles, and
personal locator beacons and don’t forget the ResQbrite signal panel I have
gunshots, 3 blows on a whistle, three sticks in the shape of a triangle.
potential help could very well save your life.
food and water
you think you need will give you that extra measure of safety should something
happened and you have to stay out longer than anticipated.
environment in which you find yourself.
days, but living without water for even a few days will cause your efficiency
to drop dramatically.
disease organisms that maybe in even the cleanest looking water.
chemically treating water is second best.
Most injuries you are likely to encounter in the wilderness are relatively
minor scrapes, cuts, bruises, and burns.
better facilities than that which you have at your disposal, which means you
will need outside help.
situation, be it injured, lost, or stranded.
is first aid for the mind.
and make correct decisions.
and protection fire provides.
through practice and experience will serve you well.
along, you will be prepared and adept at staying alive.
can make it.
sat in the rain.
house and told him to get in. “No thank you, the Lord will save me!”
he said, and the man in the rowboat rowed away.
sat on the roof until another rowboat came by and another man told him to get
in. “No thank you, the Lord will save me!” he said again, and the man
on his chimney as the rain poured down and a helicopter came by and another man
urged him to get in or he’ll drown. “No thank you,” the man said
again, “The Lord will save me!”
gave up and flew away.
and went to heaven where he met God.
frustrated, “The waters rose higher and higher and I waited hours for you
to save me but you didn’t! Why?”
talking about? I sent two boats and a helicopter?!”
were a strong-enough EMP from either a massive solar CME, a nuclear EMP weapon,
or a tactical EMP bomb, is easier to speculate than items that might survive an
nuclear explosion, a coronal mass ejection (from the Sun), or a purposed EMP
surges through electrical wires and electrical semiconductor components.
are close enough to the source, then these components could fry. Once they are
fried, that’s it…they’re done.
systems back up and running.
EMP, we need to know what is INSIDE the item… namely, if there are any
electronic semiconductors (transistors, IC ‘chips’, microprocessors, etc.).
that are vulnerable to melting due to an excess of electrical current being
forced through the junction (from the EMP).
(at the speed of light) and could instantaneously overwhelm power transformers
along the grid with excess electrical current, causing the windings of the
transformers to melt into a molten blob.
EMP (at the speed of light) far and wide into homes and businesses in search of
semiconductors to fry.
further away from the source that you get.
away will be less vulnerable to the EMP. How far away?
course). It depends on the overall strength of the EMP, the altitude of the
EMP, the ‘line-of-sight’ distance from the EMP, and any protection that the
device might have to protect it from an EMP.
survive, are those items that do not contain semiconductors!
interface whatsoever, then you can probably kiss it good-bye.
difficult to even know if there are semiconductors in a device. Even if there
is no digital interface, there could still very well be semiconductors or
electronic circuits somewhere inside.
control circuits, and electronic controlled pumps will fry. Plus, with no
electrical power, the pumps won’t function.
remain for a while, but electronic thermostats or gas valve controllers may
manually though – until the pressure runs out.
electronic controls will survive –until your fuel source runs out. If it plugs
in, it’s toast.
electronics. Forget it. It’s dead.
will probably stop in its tracks.
you may think in fact since the (1980′s).
may be somewhat ‘safe’ with a car built in the early 1980′s, 1970′s or earlier.
built without these electronic systems, but suffice it to say that most any
vehicle today is vulnerable to EMP failure (if close enough to the EMP source).
heaters, to vehicles… if it has electronic circuits, it is vulnerable to EMP.
stove heat, and old vehicles.
is apparently slim, the fact is that it is not zero.
electricity for survival.
The lack thereof could enable great setbacks to civilization.
back again. Isn’t it time were discovered the culinary potential of freshwater
about sea fishing with his Fish Fight campaign, it seems a good time to cast an
eye inland to our native freshwater species: the pike, perch, zander, chub,
carp, bream and gudgeon that swim largely un eaten in our lakes and rivers.
of inland waterways.
pond or moat where freshwater species were farmed for Friday fish suppers and
displayed on a fishmonger’s slab in the UK these days, but they all make a
is frequently peppered with tales of resourceful eastern Europeans taking prize
carp, something of a delicacy in their part of the world, home for tea.
pulling fish out of the water only to put them straight back, why is it that we
don’t we eat more of our native freshwater species?
must be that we are a nation of sporting folk; freshwater species are targeted
on both quality and quantity criteria.
pursuit of large individuals of species such as pike, carp, barbel and the
a new personal best or even a record-breaker.
species is welcome regardless of size.
into a keep net to be weighed up at the end of the day before being released
back into the water.
insanity, but it is our quality of life and today’s convenience culture that
has turned fishing in the UK from a necessity into a mass-participation sport.
for the table.
rod licence and have permission from the water’s owner, the Environment Agency
states that on any given day an angler may remove 15 small (up to 20cm) native
species including barbel, chub,common bream, common carp, crucian carp, dace,
grayling, perch, pike, roach,rudd, silver bream, smelt, tench and zander
(non-native) as well as one pike of up to 65cm and two grayling of 30-38cm.
apprehension is that many people believe freshwater fish will taste muddy.
from free-flowing waters don’t tend to suffer from this problem, although those
from still waters can.
antidote is to cleanse the fish through a de-mudification programme of 3-4 days
in a spring-fed tank.
have to catch them yourself. So what to catch? I’ve been fishing since
childhood and over the years I have eaten my way through a number of freshwater
to European rivers has fallen by 95% it is now illegal to remove any caught by
rod and line, but there are plenty of other options.
down their flanks, an impressive spiked dorsal fin and a ferocious pack-hunter
lethal virus, thankfully they have made a remarkable comeback.
white flesh similar to bass.
flour and pan fry with lemon juice: a recipe the French refer to as filet de
referred to it as being “full of forked bones, the flesh is not firm, but
short and tasteless”.
it is the carp.
adoration from Eastern Europeans in the UK, consumption of this fish is
beginning to rise for the first since the middle ages.
and meaty and stands up to a variety of different ways of cooking, although
baking is the best method.
had a few in restaurants in France Not only are they cannibals, regularly
feasting on other pike often more than half their own size.
contain a series of backward-pointing teeth: once something goes in, it’s not
stands at a mighty 46lbs 13oz.
possess a substantial number of Y-shaped bones along the fillet.
they have a mild taste which is quite pleasant.
cooking a fish you have wrestled out of the depths gives a feeling of deep
is time to look at less familiar options.
consider tasting your catch. And if you don’t, consider taking it up: you’ll be
in a position to get your hands on some of the freshest possible fish.
in the past, so why are we so put off by them now?
of our lesser-known freshwater fish you will know what I mean.
matches” listed in more kits than I care to count, and I got to say…
“Rambo” is down to his last couple matches, you don’t need that kind
of drama if you’re in a life or death situation!
a dozen “survival” matches would be better filled with a small Bic
matches. If you’re worried about the lighter failing, then bring a magnesium
magnesium burns a lot hotter than matches.
can break the bulb of your flashlight, and then use the coil inside to light a
find that it’s great at destroying flashlights but terrible at actually
fashion from ice? Probably not.
the odds are really slim to none.
your own backyard on a nice warm day.
you’re wasting hours on this, imagine that you’re also freezing to death in a
snowy, icy environment.
time and energy, and you won’t get a fire going. I guarantee you that.
popping up all over the place.
should avoid valleys and low lying areas because cold settles there and it may
be several degrees colder than higher ground.
pure, unadulterated bullshit.
few degrees difference between two elevations, thermometers are incapable of
measuring wind chill factors.
wind while small valleys and lower areas are sheltered from it.
increased 2 or 3 degrees by moving to higher ground, but the temperature as far
as your body is concerned is likely to have dropped by20 or 30 degrees.
generate it. Today as I write this, it’s almost 50 degrees and sunny outside…
a seemingly nice January afternoon.
between 20 and 30… And suddenly it’s not so great!
fires will quickly heat the surrounding area, but when you have some wind
factored in, most of that heat is carried off.
about twice as much wood. You’ll spend most of your time and energy finding
firewood, and then get very little heat as a reward!
concerns is to find a place that’s very sheltered from the wind and elements,
and then build yourself a nice, warm fire to keep you warm!
from our friends in the “green”survival movement.
killed than they are about your life.
Imagine building your shelter as a big pile of dead leaves and wood.
really want to climb in there and go to sleep? Nuff’said.
where it came from. I’ve also heard 5 minutes, 15 minutes and even 20 minutes
of boiling time.
I’ll keep this short… if the water reaches boiling point, it’s safe to
drink, period, end of story.
common sense and you’ll probably find water
and you may find yourself very dead.
tapping into one’s subconscious thoughts.
walking emotional wreck who keeps every shred of logic and common sense buried
away in your subconscious… then sure… go ahead and wave your stick.
tell you where to find water.
through the situation.Common sense says water runs downhill.
Birds and animal trails can also lead you to water… they need it as much as
you’re a certified expert not just in plants, but in the plants of the given
region you happen to be in, stay the hell away from the plants!
you with nutrients and calories.
with nutrients and calories.
to eat, and will provide you with nutrients and calories.
or worse… poison you.
any nutrients or calories.
flies, the odds are in your favor that it’s not only safe to eat, but that it
will provide you with the nutrition and energy your body needs.
against you both for your own physical safety, and for nutritional content.
to arrest looters or adequately respond during the riots in, curfews and troops
on the streets are now being readied as authorities prepare to enforce martial
law to quell massive civil unrest in the future.
being readied. The statement was first made by a reporter at 8:30 one morning
and then repeated by a Metropolitan Police representative who said “all options
were on the table”.
government is considering “military support for the police”.
to transform Britain into a locked down police state.
for the first time by police to tackle what senior officers say is the worst
rioting and looting in living memory,”
past century. I would say that they are very difficult to impose.
is something we have to consider,” Diane Abbott, Labour MP for Hackney North
and Stoke Newington told BBC Breakfast.
to use water cannons to disperse the rioters.
spread to other major cities including Bristol, Nottingham, Liverpool and
rioters are products of the country’s broken society, nihilistic youths who
care little about political grievances and are primarily focused with
exploiting the chaos to steal as much booty as they possibly can while getting
off on mindless violence.
support whatever measures are proposed to deal with them, even to the point of
outright martial law.
of genuine revolution against an abusive system.
would be rioting outside of Downing Street, the Houses of Parliament and
looting high-end electrical goods and clothing.
police response, with numerous reports from the public that police stood back
and allowed looters to pillage both large department stores and private small
businesses for hours on end.
police were criticized for “standing back and allowing rioters to cause havoc.”
bewildered at how the police had obviously been ordered not to arrest looters
and rioters in some instances.
civil unrest for years, particularly in the UK.
crippling austerity cuts would force the economically deprived to “take to the
streets with a mind-set of nothing to lose if the government hand outs they
have become dependent on are drastically reduced.”
exploited by the system to turn Britain into an even more controlled and
surveilled police state than it already is.
establishment look reasonable in whatever response it takes, measures which
will be fully supported by a public bombarded with images of chaos, looting and
the measures used to quell the rioters may even affect us the bystanders in
ways we had not contemplated at all.
survival, believe me I have heard many of them.
expose them for what they are, and bring some sense of reality and practicality
back into the subject.
Drying Food to Preserve it
American settlers dried foods such as corn, apple slices, currants, grapes, and
already have most of the equipment on hand. Dried foods keep well because the
moisture content is so low that spoilage organisms cannot grow.
methods do a better job of retaining the taste, appearance, and nutritive value
of fresh food.
variety to meals and provide delicious, nutritious snacks.
advantages of dried foods is that they take much less storage space than canned
or frozen foods.
determined by research and widespread experience.
not have firmly established procedures. Food can be dried several ways, for
example, by the sun if the air is hot and dry enough, or in an oven or dryer if
the climate is humid.
because of the high cost of commercially dried products, drying foods at home
is becoming popular again.
lot of attention. Although there are different drying methods, the guidelines
remain the same.
method, Illinois does not have a suitable climate for it.
dehydration of foods requires 3 to 5 consecutive days when the temperature is
95 degrees F. and the humidity is very low.
central Illinois on days with 95 degrees F. temperatures is usually 86 per
cent. Solar drying is thus not feasible.
hand, can be very expensive. In an electric oven, drying food has been found to
be nine to twelve times as costly as canning it.
expensive to operate but are only useful for a few months of the year.
convection oven can be the most economical investment if the proper model is
chosen. A convection oven that has a controllable temperature starting at 120
degrees F. and a continuous operation feature rather than a timer-controlled
one will function quite well as a dehydrator during the gardening months.
the rest of the year it can be used as a tabletop oven.
prepared for drying as soon as possible after harvesting. They should be
blanched, cooled, and laid out to dry without delay.
rapidly, but not so fast that the outside becomes hard before the moisture
inside has a chance to evaporate.
food, don’t let it cool down in order to start drying again later.
other spoilage organisms can grow on partly dried food.
can be relatively high, that is, 150 degrees to 160 degrees F. (65 degrees to
70 degrees C.), so that moisture can evaporate quickly from the food.
food loses heat during rapid evaporation, the air temperature can be high
without increasing the temperature of the food.
is lost (the outside begins to feel dry) and the rate of evaporation slows
down, the food warms up.
degrees F. (60 degrees C.).
easily, so you must watch it carefully. Each fruit and vegetable has a critical
temperature above which a scorched taste develops.
high enough to evaporate moisture from the food, but not high enough to cook
and the lower the humidity, the more rapid the rate of dehydration will be.
hot, muggy summer days.
hardening” will occur. This means that the cells on the outside of the
pieces of food give up moisture faster than the cells on the inside.
surface becomes hard, preventing the escape of moisture from the inside.
Trapped air soon takes on as much moisture as it can hold, and then drying can
no longer take place.
or in your food dryer is adequate.
attention. Stirring the pieces of food frequently and shifting the racks in the
oven or dryer are essential because heat is not the same in all parts of the
food on the drying racks.
contain concentrated fruit sugars. Fruits also contain a rather large amount of
vitamins and minerals.
vitamins, especially A and C. Exposing fruit to sulfur before drying helps
retain vitamins A and C. Sulfur destroys thiamine, one of the B vitamins, but
fruit is not an important source of thiamine anyway. Many dried fruits are rich
in riboflavin and iron.
thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin. Both fruits and vegetables provide useful
amounts of the fiber (bulk) we need.
dried foods because this nutrient-rich water can be used in recipes to make
soups, sauces, and gravy.
fish can be dried. If you have never tried drying food before, though, it’s a
good idea to experiment first by drying a small quantity in the oven.
you can see if you like the taste and texture of dried food. At the same time,
you can become familiar with the drying process.
evaporates wore easily, and not as much moisture must be removed for the
product to keep.
are practical to dry.
corn, peppers, zucchini, okra, onions, and green beans.
supermarket is usually more expensive and not as fresh as it should be for
can be kept for several months in a cool, dry basement or cellar.
of the plant to dry vary, but leaves, seeds, or blossoms usually give the best
drying because of their high moisture content.
are a few foods that do not dry well.
drying methods, temperatures, and lengths of time.
not as precise as canning and freezing because it involves so many different
best. Whatever method you use, be sure to remove enough moisture from the final
product so that spoilage organisms cannot grow.
different from that of their fresh, canned, or frozen counterparts.
freezing them is that you can get by with almost no special equipment.
kitchen oven, drying trays or racks, and storage containers are the only basic
equipment needed. If you want to dry large quantities of food, you may decide
to buy or make a food dryer, but it is not essential.
only racks and storage containers.
necessary, it will help you make a more uniformly good product:
food before and after drying an electric fan to circulate the air
materials to use for the racks. Cake racks or a wooden frame covered with
cheesecloth or other loosely-woven cloth can also be used for drying racks.
because air must circulate all around the food so that drying can take place
from the bottom and the top at the same time.
placed directly on the metal racks in the oven if the pieces are large enough
not to fall through the spaces in the racks.
copper, fiberglass, or vinyl. Galvanized screen contains zinc and cadmium.
the food. Aluminum becomes discolored and causes an off-flavor in sulfured
splinters in the food, and vinyl melts at temperatures used for drying.
almost no special equipment. It is also faster than sun drying or using a food
oven can hold only 4 to 6 pounds of food at one time.
140 degrees F. (60 C.).
the food on the top tray will dry too quickly’ Remove the unit if it has no
warm enough to dry the food.
F. (60 to 70 C.). So put an oven thermometer on the top tray about half way
back where you can see it easily.
each tray. Put one tray on each oven rack. Allow 1-1/2 inches of space on the
sides, front, and back of the trays so that air can circulate all around them
in the oven.
of the racks to hold the trays at least I inches apart. Dry no more than four
trays of food at a time.
newspaper, a block of wood, or a hot pad will keep the door ajar so that moist
air can escape while the heat stays in the oven.
electric ovens or 1 to 2 inches for gas ovens is usually enough space for
ventilation, but use a thermometer to check the oven temperature to make sure
it stays at 140 F.
keep the air circulating.
because the temperature is not the same everywhere in the oven.
trays from top to bottom and from front to back every half hour. It helps to
number the trays so you can keep track of the order in which you rotate them.
evenly. jerky needs to be turned over occasionally to keep it from sticking to
Animals when Living Off the Grid
will greatly reduce your dependence on the outside world shops &
supermarkets for example because animals can provide you with the following:
(once you learn how to make them).
or increase production.
they’re low maintenance, they can basically take care of themselves.
survive on bushes, trees, desert scrub and aromatic herbs when sheep and cattle
would starve to death. Goat milk casein and milk fat are more easily digested
than cow milk.
cow milk allergies, patients with ulcers.
return. They can clear invasive weeds, offer fresh goat milk, and they can be a
fun pet. They can also be used for meat if necessary.
of work too, but many city dwellers are finding that raising urban goats is
biggest tie in the farm, you will have to milk her twice a day, to feed the cow
you need to grow fodder, to use up the manure from the cow you will have to dig
or plough more land … unless you’re dedicated to spend more time in the farm,
think loud and often before getting a cow.
you more money in the farm than anything else, milk, butter and cheese go up
and up in price, you can also sell or trade calves if you want for something
else you might need more in the farm.
ground is covered with snow (and even then they won’t eat hay unless they have
previously learnt to); they are thus cheap to keep.
ewes and a ram (or ask a neighbouring farmer if you could borrow his ram for a
Very good pasture may carry three ewes with their lambs per acre, less good two
ewes and their lambs.
will do far better if you rotate them around the farm: put them on, say, a
quarter of your grass acreage and keep them there until they have nibbled the
grass right down, then move them on to the next quarter.
follow the cows—sheep will graze very advantageously after cows have had all
they can get: cows will starve after sheep.
enough space to scrap, to perch, to flap their wings and take dust baths (which
is not possible and even cruel in a wire cage).
year then a couple of dozen of hens will do.
every evening and a handful or two of high protein food in the morning, and any
scraps you can spare, and they will do the rest.
and a lot of earwigs. They will hatch you out a clutch of pretty little chicks.
as much as we do.
They will be getting so much free food.
when hens will do all that work for nothing for you?
you eggs from grain and household scraps alone, but not many. If hens are
really to produce eggs they must have some protein.
if any. A pen of geese, say three geese and a gander will run happily about the
fields, and live on grass with just a handful of grain thrown to them every
night to lure them home to shut them in from the foxes, otherwise they don’t
need any grain.
pull goose eggs, or young geese, right out from under the feathers of the goose
say in February or March, if you are lucky enough to have a broody hens then,
you will have to splash eggs with water every day, because a hen doesn’t know
this part of goose mother’s duties.
What’s a Pandemic?
spreading through human populations across a large region; for instance a
continent, or even worldwide.
unless the flu of the season is a pandemic. Throughout history there have been
a number of pandemics, such as smallpox and tuberculosis. More recent pandemics
include the HIV pandemic and the 2009 swine flu pandemic.
heavily populated nature.
pandemics spread and how to prevent them from infecting you.
from a wide spread disease, you need to learn how it can infect you.
focus on the main killers of our new age, we will find out that the swine flu,
is one of the biggest killers, and therefore it’s necessary to point out the
ways H1N1 spreads from one person to another.
way that seasonal flu spreads. Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to
person through coughing or sneezing by people with influenza.
may become infected by touching something – such as a surface or object – with
flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose or rubbing their eyes.
people at a very frequent basis. That means your chances of getting infected is
pandemic or just a regular flu season, the following steps are everyday actions
that can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like
sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.
(especially during pandemics).
that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get
medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the
use of a fever-reducing medicine for the majority of the cases.)
others as much as possible to keep from making others sick.
Medicine”, first described influenza in 412 BC.
then influenza pandemics occurred every 10 to 30 years.
in May 1889 in Bukhara, Uzbekistan, and spread worldwide in a matter of months.
It had a very high attack and mortality rate.
a worldwide pandemic on all continents, and eventually infected an estimated
one third of the world’s population (or ≈500 million persons).
and virulent, it ended nearly as quickly as it began, vanishing completely
within 18 months.
the total of those killed worldwide at over twice that number.
about 70,000 deaths in the United States. First identified in China in late
February 1957, the Asian flu spread to the United States by June 1957.
caused about 2 million deaths globally.
34,000 deaths in the United States.
in early 1968, and spread to the United States later that year.
of 1968 and 1969 killed an estimated one million people worldwide.
Fishing to Survive
a fire and collected water, your next task will be to find food resources.
whilst it is perfectly possible to exist without food for a few weeks and live
off edible wild plants and berries, you’ll no doubt be glad of a hearty meal.
tips; assuming that you have no fishing gear with you.
looking to catch fish is to spend a bit of time observing how the fish behave
to establish their habits – when they’re active, where in the water they head
if you’re not sure where to look. In hot weather where the water is low, you’ll
probably find them in deeper shaded water and when it’s cooler, you’ll find
them in shallower areas where the sun warms the water up.
kit anyway and if you haven’t included a proper fishing hook too, you can
always improvise and craft one out of a piece of bone, thorn, wood or a safety
pin works just as well.
fish in the area are eating. Insects, a piece of bread, some raw meat, if you
can find any, or worms are all good sources of bait.
exact science though.
to be patient and to experiment are going to be your biggest allies. Bad
weather approaching is always a good time to go fishing as well as just after
dawn and just before dusk.
wood, making a spear to fish with in shallow water is another alternative but
if you see fish swimming around in shallow water, it’s a useful skill to learn
even though it takes an extreme amount of skill, quick reactions and patience.
shirt or T-shirt tied onto a Y shaped branch.
traps you can engineer.
small pebbles to plug any gaps.
fish in with it.
taste better than others.
matter of taste but a matter of survival. Once caught, cut the throat and gut
it by slitting it from its anal passage to its throat removing the offal as you
when they do, they impact our lives to a great extent.
the negative effects of a certain emergency, you need to be prepared and have
the emergency essentials, in terms of knowledge, food, water, shelter, and an
problem even if they’re different in nature, therefore the steps to prepare for them is the same, for
example stocking food and water are steps that can help you in most national
emergencies, and that’s what we will discuss now.
there will be a panic, looting, and so on will result, if you still decide to
go to the store, you will find empty shelves or even closed shops.
be better if when there is such an emergency, you sit with your family, and use
the food and water you have stored? You bet it would be.
needs. Try to include foods that they will enjoy and that are also high in
calories and nutrition.
preparation, or cooking are best. Take into consideration individuals with
special diets and allergies such as babies and the ill.
manual can opener and disposable utensils. Don’t forget non-perishable foods
for your pets.
so that you can close them tightly after each use.
plastic bags and keep them in sealed containers.
screw-top jars or air-tight canisters for protection from pests.
supplies, dated with ink or marker.
area and older ones in front.
types of food. So make sure to replace the easily perishable food more often.
date indicated on the label:
containers and conditions):
gallon) of water each day. People in hot environments, children, nursing
mothers, and ill people will require even more.
food preparation and hygiene.
storing at least a two-week supply of water for each member of your family. If
you are unable to store this quantity, store as much as you can.
run low, never ration water. Drink the amount you need today, and try to find
more for tomorrow. You can minimize the amount of water your body needs by
reducing activity and staying cool.
stocked in your home, try the following.
include the water in your hot- water tank, pipes, and ice cubes.
use water from toilet flush tanks or bowls, radiators, waterbeds, or swimming
home from contamination if you hear reports of broken water or sewage pipes, or
if local officials advise you of a problem. To shut off incoming water, locate
the main valve and turn it to the closed position.
members know beforehand how to perform this important procedure.
turning on the tap in your home at the highest level. A small amount of water
will trickle out.
electricity or gas is off, and open the drain at the bottom of the tank.
the water flowing by turning off the water intake valve at the tank and turning
on a hot-water tap. Refill the tank before turning the gas or electricity back
thriving in the wilderness.
to protect themselves and to help build shelters, hunt and start fires.
oldest European mummy, Otzi, was found with a flint knife.
a survival knife when engaging in outdoor activities or have one in an
emergency pack, such as a 72 hour kit you keep in your home or car.
knives are useful for actions you would use a machete for, such as clearing
brush or cutting thick ropes and wood.
for something that large. Therefore, survival knives also come in small,
knife with a full length tang. The tang is the metal part in the middle of the
thin tang is almost as bad a partial tang and could break when you need it most
serrated blade. Smooth blades have the advantage of being able to easily be
sharpened against stones if you find your blade dulling through usage.
blades also cut and chop better than serrated blades.
out in nature, the serrated blades cut synthetic materials more easily.
camping gear like tents and sleeping bags, especially winter gear, is made from
animals or other people.
outings like camping trips or expeditions into the wild.
useful for any type of emergency. They are important additions to 72 hour kits,
which are packs that contain the absolute essentials for a few days’ worth of
surviving on your own.
or attack, as long as you have a 72 hour kit you have a good chance for staying
aid kit, personal documents, duct tape, soap, a flashlight and basic tools to
meet survival needs.
inclusion in 72 hour kits. A pocketknife is a handy item, but try cutting
firewood or splitting logs with a pocketknife and you will wish you had packed
a survival knife instead.
other knives, and they do not have to cost a lot.
for £20, though you can buy military quality knives for several hundred
need a survival knife.
can be the victim of a natural disaster or even a car accident on a lonely
rather have a good knife and basic survival gear or just take your chances?
Survival Skills in Your Head
Trade After SHTF and most convenient storage space is in their own heads.
you find yourself in the midst of a disaster and you need to either build or
fix something, having the knowledge and experience already in your mind will
hugely benefit your ability to survive.
your neighbours but you’re not willing to trade any of your supplies, you could
do some work for them in exchange.
soap could mean the difference between health and sickness.
trade your soap for more food. The point is, you need to learn a few skills
that will be useful in a post-disaster world.
hobby while you still have time to learn.
listed in alphabetical order:
chicken for eggs, rabbits for meat, goats for milk, etc.
how much meat and dairy people will be able to store, and there will be a huge
demand for fresh food.
washing your hands, but the ability to clean clothes without a washer and
dryer, make cleaning products to use around the house, and keep your home germ
and charge new clothes and shoes any time they need them.
to fix shoes, patch torn pants, and mend shirts. This is an important skill
that has become very rare in modern society.
knowing, how to properly fix roofs, board up windows or build outhouses using
only basic hand tools.
going to get sick and tired of eating canned soup and freeze-dried food.
can cook a tasty meal and dessert without power, people in the neighbourhood
will thank you with favours or supplies they don’t need.
much misery they would experience if not for the dentist.
this is in the movie Cast Away where the main character has to knock out one of
his own teeth.
know how to start a fire once they’re lighters run out of fuel. People in your
area will be safer and healthier if you can help them get a fire going so they
can boil water and cook food.
take doctors for granted. Without them, they will need help sewing up wounds,
setting bones, performing CPR, and deciding which herbs and medications help
with which ailments.
will come into their own as people don’t know how to store food without a
rare. Learn to grow fresh herbs, fruits and vegetables, preferably indoors
unless you have a secure backyard.
naturally-occurring plants in your area have nutritional and/or medicinal value
and which ones are useless and/or poisonous.
long-term disaster, people are going to need guns for hunting and
But only help people you completely trust.
fall short, people are going to have to hunt and fish.
for your friends and family, they’ll have time to take care of other
Depression II, most people are still going to have jobs (remember, unemployment
only got up to 25% in the 1930′s), which means they’ll need a way to get to
their cars fixed.
matter (lawnmowers, generators, etc.), you’ll have a particularly valuable
even more so if they’re washing clothes in the sink.
toilets and replace leaky pipes.
of seeing their entire world turned upside down, especially those who lose
friends and/or loved ones.
keep them from wallowing in despair.
is going to need to stand guard when others are busy or sleeping.
will need to know how to use weapons and be practiced in hand-to-hand combat.
and candles will be in high demand and a valuable trade item.
important that children spend part of their spare time reading and learning.
In the weeks after a major catastrophe, many people will die from dehydration
or from drinking unsafe water.
about cleaning and filtering water.
list such as bee keeping, brewing, and electrical work, but I think the 20
listed above will probably be the most in-demand skills.
My Basic Survival Tip Sheet
already quite familiar with survival techniques.
focusing on the right priorities.
situation. A clear-headed, common sense approach will see you through… panic
to your current circumstances.
predicament. Some of the best woodsmen in the world have become lost or
disoriented, so set your mind to come through this with your honour intact
They run frantically, in big circles, through the woods at night trying to find
their way out.
and find your way out in the morning.
welfare are paramount. Address any immediate needs (injuries) as best you can,
and then read on.
contains an extensive amount of gear to help in any situation.
are limited only by your imagination.
few simple rules.
and several days without water, but in many cases only several hours without
proper shelter from the elements.
it may go. Shelter from the elements or a fire may well be your first priority.
survival blanket can help.
warmth from a fire. Be careful not to damage them or any other piece of gear.
push a small pebble up from under the tarp, and tie off around it. Try using
rocks instead of stakes to hold down corners, etc etc.
shelter from the elements, you can take a little time to plan for your other
you do not feel thirsty.
day (more in hot climates).
camp. In most areas, just continue to walk downhill and you will eventually
to water. Birds also tend to congregate near water. In dry areas, you may have
to consider other means, such as a solar still.
drinking, or use water purification tablets or straw or better still buy a Purificup.
whistle, the mirror, the blanket, and of course, fire!
yourself as big as possible. Smoke signals work well as does anything that can
be seen or heard from a long ways off.
to consider unless you are reasonably sure that rescue is a good many days or
fact that something is edible.
walks, swims, crawls, or slithers… thump it, and chuck it on down!
with the 80lb test cord.
animals are edible. ALL birds are edible with no exceptions.
rotten logs are edible, as are almost all insects with (6 legs).
unpacked, figure out where and how you want to carry everything.
you will use frequently close at hand (in your pockets if they are free of
tangle free and ready to use.
therefore get the most use out of every piece of gear.
time and effort will pay off. Use everything you can think of for insulation.
and comfortable (do not attempt this near a fire).
mattress, but is good insulation from the ground.
branches at the very bottom of evergreen trees.
enhance your chance for success.
fingers. You can use dead grass, dried moss or fern, or a strip of cloth from
the tail of your shirt.
the centre. Around this, build a tee pee of small dry twigs.
larger pieces of wood.
progress to a larger piece of wood.
protection, a good signal, etc etc.
is important, especially in cold climates, because your body heat may well have
to heat it.
the shelter, as most natural shelter materials are flammable! Plan ahead, and
use common sense.
good (and plentiful)water source, and your signals are set up.
small animals, fish and insect life are always your best bet (remember, do not
eat spiders or anything else with more than 6 legs).
do not have to baby-sit them is a good idea.
you must eat plant life, stay away from mushrooms and any plant that has a
milky sap, except Dandelions.
dandelions, almost all grasses that are seed bearing and the inner bark of
trees such as Poplar, Willows, Birches and Conifers.
The Survival knife
survivalist’s we will carry one or even several knives depending on the kinds
of activities we are pursuing.
number of purposes and be able to handle things like chopping, cutting, slicing
and when out hunting and fishing.
high-carbon, spring tempered steel.
more intense use, it also tends to keep its sharpness for longer.
might be used to cut cord or rope to manageable lengths for things like helping
with shelter erection or to set a snare for trapping and it can even be used
for cutting things like bandages to size in a first aid situation.
wood, for example an arrow to act as a spear whilst out hunting.
to help cut through thickets and branches if you’re trying to navigate your way
out of a particular dense area of forest or for splitting wood and making
shavings to start a fire.
might wish to skin an animal you’ve trapped or need to gut a fish.
need to ensure that you use it safely.
body, never towards it and if you should drop your knife, let it fall to the
ground as trying to catch it could cause you serious injury.
at anybody. If you trip and fall suddenly, you could be in danger of harming
yourself or others nearby.
folded away when you’re not using it or keep it in a sheath.
only use your knife when you can clearly see what you’re doing. If there is no
daylight, make sure you have a torch positioned nearby so you can carry out
your task without running the risk of injuring yourself.
knife by incorrect use.
to do. It’s not designed to pry open lids off tins.
assist you greatly during a survival situation but it is no use if you break it
by using it as a substitute for another tool.
dull knife can be more dangerous than a sharp one.
too much pressure or use force to make a blade cut through something.
sharpening stone to accompany your knife and keep your knife clean and dry.
one in person and to test holding it to see if it feels comfortable in your
that will help you cope better in a survival situation.
Primative Peoples and how they Survive
live in an era of survival gadgets, equipment and solutions that can be
bought off the shelf online from the comfort of our homes, in fact it
is only the amount of money we have that limits the quality and
proficenly of the kit we choose to purchase.
I have become
intrigued by primitave civilisations alive today in the remoter parts of
our world and how they SURVIVE, as 4th world low tech citizens of our
I know that I cannot try their foods at source, or trap and hunt as they do for the animals they share their forests with.
surley I can learn from them when it comes to fire lighting, shelter
building, cooking, hunting methods, blades and tools and I want to try
and learn these skills and then pass this knowledge onto others.
understand that this path will not be easy but even as preppers we will
eventually run out of certain supplies if not all of them.