This week’s Radio Show 12th July 2018

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SHOW NOTES

The Wilderness Gathering, The Water -to-GO 15% Discount Offer, Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer, Wilderness121’s 10% discount, When The Bug Out Bag Runs Out – What To Do After 72 Hours? The problems with Bartering, Fishing to Survive, BREAK Trapping and Snaring for Food, Radiation Detection and Effects, Bugging Out-The Basics, Survival and Stress.

The Wilderness Gathering

If you’ve never been to the Gathering before and you love nature and the outdoors, then this is the family show for you – The Wilderness Gathering is a unique Bushcraft event, it is the longest running and still the original festival of bushcraft, survival and primitive living skills.

The Gathering has become a social event and brings together families and friends, all those interested in Bushcraft and Wilderness living skills to enjoy a weekend of knowledge sharing in a relaxed and family friendly atmosphere

Live Music

Not only is the Gathering the place you to come to – to learn new skills, brush up on your old ones and meet some of the best bushcraft experts in the country but it has also become, over the past fifteen years, the place you come to – to gather and socialise round the campfire with friends, old and new.

Children’s Bushcraft

The Coyote Clubs were introduced in 2005 and host a comprehensive range of events and activities specifically tailored for children from 5 to 15 year old.

The Masterclass

The Masterclasses were introduced in 2005 and are your opportunity to study your favourite Bushcraft subject in depth with a leading Bushcraft instructors.

Where is it?

Located on a South Wiltshire farm with lakes and 30 acres of old oak woodlands. You get access to woodlands and fields to erect whatever shelter you want.

Add to this great food, local cider, mead, evening entertainment. great people and it’s now over 5 days it has to time to get booked http://www.wildernessgathering.co.uk/tickets.htm.

The Water -to-GO 15% Discount Offer

Now you can drink safely from any water source with the water-to-go filter bottle. It removes fluoride, chlorine and heavy metals from tap water.

It removes Viruses, Bacteria, Protozoa, Cysts, bad taste and odour from dirty water sources.

In fact if you drink water, then get yourself a Water-to-Go filter bottle as it’s cheaper than drinking bottled water and it’s cleaner too. Get 15% discount at the checkout, code word premprep

https://www.watertogo.eu/ukpreppersradionetwork

Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer

Blizzard Survival .com have a fantastic offer for you the listener they are offering a 20% discount on all goods bought from them at www.blizzardsurvival.com

The Ultimate in Lightweight Thermal Protection.

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Reflexcell™ products are totally unique: weight-for-weight far warmer than goose down, yet 100% weatherproof, tough, ultra-portable and re-usable.

Life-saving technology has never been so affordable.

All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. www.blizzardsurvival.com

Wilderness121’s 10% discount

Wilderness121 really mean business, having spoken to the director Rob Williams he has agreed to offer you dear listener a 10% discount just by putting the letters UKPRN into the code box it is that simple.

Now pop along to www.wilderness121.co.uk and check out their great range of survival related products.

When The Bug Out Bag Runs Out – What To Do After 72 Hours?

So you’ve had to abandon your home or BOL (or was not at it when the fan blades turned brown) and now you’re on the last day of your bug out bag, what now?

The first thing you should do is STOP and take a minute to reflect.

Check through your bag and see what’s still useful and what’s low or gone.

For the most part everything inside your bag will last for weeks or even months if it has to. Your fire starter should still be in good shape, your emergency blankets are OK, you still have a tent….but what about your food and water? AAH yes!

These are the real dangers.

You still have heat, shelter, and light but without food and water, especially water, you will die all warm and toasty.

Without food you’ll begin to feel hungry and run down in a day or two but you’re still OK for about another three weeks.

Assuming you have a destination you’re trying to reach where you can resupply you won’t starve if you make it there in time.

Without water however you’re in much worse shape. You have 2-3 days before your body shuts down and you eventually die on about the 4th day.

I have heard stores of people living 5 days, and even 7 without water but the average and the rule of thumb is 3 days.

Examine your surroundings and weigh up your options.

If your goal is to get where ever you’re going and you know for sure that you can reach it in 1-2 days, then start marching.

Don’t stop except to rest at night. Try to conserve all the water you can by not sweating.

If you don’t have a place to go or you’re more than 2-3 days out for a BOL, then you need to start looking for water.

If you’re in the wilderness look and listen for signs of water and head in that direction.

Signs can be green spots of vegetation in the distance or in naturally occurring valleys between hills, or something as obvious as a river bed.

If your survival scenario puts you in an arid environment such as a desert you should start planning now for your water, not after the shtf.

Have a plan and a place to go and carry enough water to get you there otherwise you will surely die. If possible drive the area now while you can think and plan things out.

It may be possible to cache some extra supplies in a hidden spot along your path, but you have to do this beforehand.

If you’re in an urban environment (which most will be) remember that there is probably water all around you, although it may not be drinkable.

It would be hard to imagine a house without at least one can of pop or a bottle of water somewhere inside. Hopefully you will find someone who can spare a bit.

Spigots on houses (beware the owners), ditches, man-made lakes, and swimming pools are all great sources.

If all hell has truly broke loose then take refuge inside of an abandoned house and look for water in water heaters, the BACK of toilets (not the bowl), and sink traps.

They will all hold some water. Just remember that this water will more than likely be contaminated so filter and boil it first.

Once your water is restocked either hunker down and build a temp base camp until you can locate food, or keep moving to your BOL.

If you’re in luck your scenario may be over by then and you can begin going back to a normal life.

If not, I hope you are learning self-sufficient skills now as well as basic long term survival.

The problems with Bartering

I don’t believe that bartering is a good idea, well initially anyway so here are my I have many concerns about bartering including:

OPSEC – You’re showing off what you have and who you are, at least, that which you’re willing to barter with.

Security – You may be putting yourself, family, and supplies at risk simply by showing yourself at a place to barter. Who knows who’s watching you.

Timing – I wouldn’t expect most people to be ready, willing, and able to barter for quite some time after a grid-down scenario… we have to cull the masses first.

Thieves / con artists – People will try to steal from you, swindle you, fast-talk you, and more. I’m still not sure whether this will be more or less of a problem in a long-term barter society but it will still happen.

Why are you bartering in the first place? – You should always work to be as self-sufficient as possible and, therefore, not need anything from anybody else.

Certainly, this isn’t 100% feasible but I would rather attempt to have everything I could possibly need and then only choose to trade for supplies I didn’t have or couldn’t easily procure on my own with nearby, trustworthy neighbours.

And I accept this isn’t always possible to do either.

Despite the these concerns, I wanted to focus on yet another concern: you and whomever you’re trading with just won’t see eye-to-eye with what each of you want to give or receive.

What I mean is I think that people could very well want to barter all sorts of things you wouldn’t want and probably won’t need either. Of course, I should note that bartering is an age-old method of procuring goods and is, in fact, still a part of some cultures.

As such, bartering can be done and done relatively successfully… eventually, I would though suggest that this is only possible within a stable society, one that has come to terms with its overall situation.

The question I think is what makes you think that the other guy is going to have anything that you really want or need?

Let’s say that you’ve chosen to stockpile an assortment of barter supplies, including disposable lighters, matches, any type of fuel, ammo (not the best thing to barter), maybe some long-term foods, soap, vitamins, perhaps alcohol, and a wide assortment of other stuff people will probably want, including the number one survival item toilet roll. so OK you’ve done your part and you’re ready to barter. And you have a few things in mind. But, guess what?

The other guy wants to trade you a pallet full of ceramic tiles! What are you going to do with that? You don’t need or want those.

Ok, maybe he’s got a valuable skill to trade instead, such as being an mechanic. That might prove useful but what if he is an electorial mechanic? and, well, you don’t need one of those.

So, you keep searching. Maybe you find somebody you can work with, maybe not.

You see, the real problem I have with expecting to barter in a post-SHTF world is that a direct goods-for-goods bartering system will be very hard to work out since it is probably impossible to make a “fair” trade for both parties.

Yes you could probably figure out how to add or subtract other supplies or equipment to balance out the equation but then you open yourself up to possibly taking things you didn’t really want in the first place.

And this, my friends, is why I think money was invented.

But, wait, you have a solution! Let’s go back to a gold-based (or silver-based) economy. After all, you thought ahead wisely and choose to stockpile a nice stash of gold and silver coins for just such an occasion.

The question is did the other guy?

What are you going to do if the other guy is the one owing you money but he doesn’t have it, or doesn’t have the type of money that you want?

More importantly, I really feel it would take a long time for society to stabilize enough to where peaceable transactions could take place in which both valuable goods and an alternative currency could be exchanged. I’m thinking years to be honest.

Now, I know I’m being a little silly with my examples such as the other guy wanting to barter a pallet full of ceramic tiles.

And I’m sure that people will quickly figure out that nobody wants ceramic tiles post-SHTF and they wouldn’t even bother.

Obviously, therefore, they’re going to choose to bring supplies that you and others will probably be interested in.

That said, I do see situations–especially shortly after SHTF–where you could have desperate people attempting precisely these types of transactions (e.g., wanting to trade a pallet full of tiles for a single meal) of which you’re still not interested and really only wastes your time and, more importantly, opens you up to being highly vulnerable because you’re now assuredly dealing with desperate people.

Look after a SHTF event, people will be desperate enough to trade nearly anything they have for the basics they do not have and if you then willfully offer some of the supplies you’ve procured as barter items you’ll likely only end up in situations like this (trading for things you don’t want) or, at the very least, put a giant bullseye on your back as “being the guy who has stuff” that they want… er, need!

I know there are ways around this problem, such as trading through a third-party but they would have to be a very trustworthy individual (or group) for me to be willing to do that for a variety of other reasons, including your continued safety.

Honestly, I don’t think there’s a good answer regarding bartering post-SHTF.

Yes, eventually a barter economy and an alternative currency (or several) will emerge. People will try to trade ridiculous things.

You will also want (and/or need) to barter eventually too. I’m sure I will too. But I would suggest you do your best to hold off for as long as possible and let other people take the brunt of the ridiculous trades and bullseyes on their backs before you really consider bartering as a viable option.

Fishing to Survive

In a survival situation, once you have found shelter, built a fire and collected water, your next task will be to find food resources.

And whilst it is perfectly possible to exist without food for a few weeks and live off edible wild plants and berries, you’ll no doubt be glad of a hearty meal.

Therefore, it’s very useful to learn some fishing skills and here are some tips; assuming that you have no fishing gear with you.

If you’re near water, the first thing you must do if you’re looking to catch fish is to spend a bit of time observing how the fish behave each day.

Like you, they’ll also be looking for their next meal, so you’ll need to establish their habits – when they’re active, where in the water they head for etc.

An additional tip, however, is to consider the temperature if you’re not sure where to look. In hot weather where the water is low, you’ll probably find them in deeper shaded water and when it’s cooler, you’ll find them in shallower areas where the sun warms the water up.

Some type of cord should always form part of your survival kit anyway and if you haven’t included a proper fishing hook too, you can always improvise and craft one out of a piece of bone, thorn, wood or a safety pin works just as well.

For bait, it’s useful to try to gain an idea of what the fish in the area are eating. Insects, a piece of bread, some raw meat, if you can find any, or worms are all good sources of bait.

Survival fishing isn’t an exact science though.

The more hooks you have in the water and your willingness to be patient and to experiment are going to be your biggest allies. Bad weather approaching is always a good time to go fishing as well as just after dawn and just before dusk.

If you are handy using your knife to carve out a piece of wood, making a spear to fish with in shallow water is another alternative but if you see fish swimming around in shallow water, it’s a useful skill to learn even though it takes an extreme amount of skill, quick reactions and patience.

A forked spear which can trap the fish between its prongs works best.

As for a net, you can fashion one out of using some kind of shirt or T-shirt tied onto a Y shaped branch.

Only your imagination can limit you to the kinds of fish traps you can engineer.

One of the simplest methods is to use the effects of the tide.

On a beach or area with tidal waters, build a circle of rocks and use small pebbles to plug any gaps.

When the tide comes in, it will bring small fish in with it.

Simply return to the rock circle later and see what you’ve caught.

Most fish found in freshwater are edible although some will taste better than others.

However, it’s important to remember that it’s not a matter of taste but a matter of survival. Once caught, cut the throat and gut it by slitting it from its anal passage to its throat removing the offal as you go.

Remove the head, tail and fins then smoke, grill or boil it.

BREAK

Trapping and Snaring for Food

Having spent well over 30 years studying survival skills I have had first-hand experience of the many processes that each learner will go through to finally achieve each element of natural wilderness survival.

As we all know food is the LAST thing you should worry about. Shelter, fire, water and signalling for help are far more important.

Remember the rule of 3’s… You can die from exposure to the elements in 3 hours,

You can die from lack of water in 3 days,

But it takes 3 WEEKS or more to die of starvation.

3 weeks is a long time, so plan for your essentials first. If you have your other bases covered, then you can start planning for food. Snaring and fishing are your best bets, as they allow for you to

“set and forget”, which means that you conserve energy.

All hunting should be done with as little energy expenditure as possible. Find a comfortable spot and wait for dinner to come to you. Rabbits, being very common worldwide, are a good wild game food.

They can typically be found grazing in fields and clearings where grasses and other low lying plants are found. Watch to see where they enter and exit these areas to provide the locations for snares.

Some people have been known to add impassable brush and wooden stakes along both sides of the path leading to the trap creating a funnel effect.

They can then drive rabbits or other small game in the direction of the trap and be relatively sure that the game will head straight into the snare.

The Rabbit Snare can be used for many types of small game depending on how and where you deploy it. It consists of a noose loosely draped over twigs, brush, or any low-lying points where you can drape it.

The noose is smooth cord that can easily slide through the small metal ring it is tied to (small key rings work very well for this).

The key to this snare is the bowed branch overhead, and the catch or trigger mechanism. A simple trigger consists of a very simple stake that is wedged at an angle very close to that of the line to the branch.

It is also sharpened and sits on a smooth rock so that any movement at all will free it.

A rabbit is not very smart, and assumes that the string across its path is simply grass, and typically does not slow down.

The looseness and breadth of the noose allows the game to proceed a couple feet before it tugs the branch and releases the catch.

You must remove all human scent and two good ways that I use are firstly to place the complete snare over a fire and let the smoke do its work (remember smoke is a natural smell) or secondly to place the complete snare into fresh cow dung don’t worry it is only digested grass.

Fishing

Survival fishing is quite different than normal fishing. Survival fishing is often done without you even being there. It’s more akin to trapping and snaring than it is to conventional fishing. There are several ways in which this can be accomplished.

Absentee Fishing

If you have fish hooks and line (in a survival kit), then you’re way ahead of the game. You can bait a whole bunch of hooks, string them on a line across the waterway, and then walk away. This is “absentee fishing”.

Be careful that the line you string across the waterway is strong (10 – 15 lb line).

Tie it between a couple trees a couple feet above the water, and then you can either rely on the water flow to keep the bait near the surface, or simply put just enough line down to your hooks to not allow them to sink.

If the water is moving, your bait will be dancing to entice the fish. If there’s little or no movement, you can tie some leaf covered branches to the paracord to catch the wind, which also makes your bait look lively.

While waiting for a catch, you can keep yourself busy with important things like fire and shelter, and simply check your lines every few hours.

Fish Fences

If you don’t have any hooks and line, then I recommend a “fish fence”. A “fish fence” is just what it sounds like. It’s a fence that you make out of sticks that will corral the fish for you.

The fence should be dense in fact the denser the better, as long as water can flow through, and fish cannot! This is built on land in sections, and then inserted in a likely waterway by pushing the posts into the mud at the bottom.

There are several versions of this… it really depends on the waterway. If it’s a pond, and there’s no flowing water, then you’ll just make a corral in a shallow area with only one opening that funnels fish in.

Once they’re trapped in the small area, they can be speared or grabbed more easily.

If you’re working with a stream, then it’s important to determine the direction of flow. Observe whether fish are moving upstream, downstream, or both.

If the fish are moving in one direction then a basic fence placed diagonally across the stream will concentrate the fish in a small area making it easier to spear one.

If the fish are moving in both directions, you may want to make a “corral” that will catch in both directions as shown below.

If you have built your fencing in sections, it’s easier to try different configurations to see which works best for you.

Radiation Detection and Effects

Handheld radiation detectors tell you what you can’t see, smell or taste, but what could make you horribly sick and at the moment their sales have skyrocketed for that exact reason.

Radiation is an invisible component that has huge detrimental effects on the human body and unless you have something to detect it, you are practically blind to its levels and won’t notice anything it is too late.

The nuclear threat is higher now than ever as superpower countries compete, flex and test their nuclear weapons.

And in one pocket of the world is the radical North Korea taunting much larger countries to enter into a nuclear fight.

It is this reason, as well as possible future struggles and conflicts involving nuclear weapons that have seen a spike in radiation suits, gas masks, and iOSAT pills sales

But now the market is turning towards the likely possibility of your first steps outside the front door of your make-do shelter to look at how you might test the radiation of the air, the ground and water after a possible nuclear strike or nuclear reactor leak after a blackout.

Before we look into what radiation detectors do and how they work, we should look at why they are important.

What radiation can do to the body

The most common question people ask is “what will radiation do to me”

To answer something like this, we first need to look at how much radiation is involved.

Radiation isn’t just a one-hit kill type of matter, we are exposed to low levels of radiation every single day, how much of it determines whether we are affected or not.

In looking at harmful levels of radiation, there are two different types of exposure: acute and chronic.

Acute exposure is where a dose of radiation is received all at once, this would be something like an X-Ray or a CT scan you might have done for health reasons, think of it as a once-off sudden impact of a packet of radiation.

The other type is chronic exposure, this is a level of exposure of a long period of time.

This would be where a nuclear attack has happened and you are walking around post-fallout without protective equipment being exposed to consistent strong levels of radiation.

This has occurred in the past in places such as Chernobyl, Hiroshima and Fukushima.

Rain or a bucket of water

If you consider radiation exposure like water, you can either have a huge bucket thrown at you all at once, or you can have a bucket’s worth of rain on you at a slow pour.

In both circumstances, you are going to get very wet, but when it comes to radiation, those effects can differ from the bucket to the rain.

Both are obviously bad for your health, so with this in mind, when the nuclear bomb was designed it included both to be a quick-effect as well as a long-lasting weapon.

For a person who experiences a nuclear explosion they will receive two doses, one from the initial blast and the second from the fallout as the particles sit on the ground post-explosion.

This is why nuclear weapons are dangerous missiles and not something to take lightly.

Health effects of radiation

For acute exposures of radiation, the lowest count of exposure (25-50 rem or rads) will see a drop in white blood cell counts.

For the medically-termed Radiation Syndrome, which occurs at about 150-350 rads, there are typical symptoms of radiation poisoning such as:

Nausea

Fatigue

Hair loss

And the skin goes red like a sunburn.

Anything more and there is a 50% chance of dying within 30 days.

When it comes to chronic exposure, where people are subjected to repeated doses of high radiation counts over time, there are long-term effects over time.

These can be:

Increased risk of internal or external bleeding

Fertility problems, including loss of menstruation and reduced libido

Changes in kidney function, leading to anaemia and high blood pressure

Heart problems

Changes in the skin

Loss of hair

Future birth defects

Bone marrow death

Gastrointestinal death

Central Nervous System death

For a nuclear bomb to hit a city, the blast would be anywhere from 5-10 miles with a strength of 500 rads.

That means most people in that vicinity would suffer death from the blast, or the fallout.

For those that are caught in the fallout, a highly recommended medication is potassium iodide (iOSAT) to limit the body’s absorption of radiation particles.

Radiation detectors

You can see why there’s a need to detect radiation.

Without something like a radiation detector we are essentially guessing what the radiation value is until someone gets incredibly sick, then we know we are in trouble.

This is essentially a human canary in a coal mine.

Using the right protective equipment against radiation is paramount, but to know when that equipment is needed, or not, is also essential.

How do radiation detectors work?

Radiation detectors have built-in ionizing radiation detectors that use gas molecules that ionise with radiation particles setting off electrons in a reaction known as a Geiger Discharge.

This is why most radiation detectors are also referred to as Geiger Counters.

For most handheld radiation detectors, their best and most accurate detection is in confined spaces, topsoil and objects that may have radiation contamination.

How to use radiation detectors

Handheld radiation detectors available on the market today are very easy to use, this is also one of the reasons why they are being widely purchased at the moment as a simple-to-use device to detect a terribly harmful material.

The alert timing of these instruments varies from 5 – 20 seconds depending upon the radiation count and the capacity of the radiation detector you decide to use. For most radiation detectors, 20 seconds provides a highly accurate result as to the level of radiation the detector encounters.

When you are using the device, the indicator screen will display the reading in either:

  1. Sieverts (Sv) – unit of ionizing radiation dose and a measure of the health effect of low levels of ionizing radiation on the human body; or

  2. Counts Per Minute (CPM)/ Counts Per Second (CPS); or

  3. Roentgens per hour (mR/hr)

How to choose the right one

Choosing the right radiation detectors are important when looking at this equipment as this is something you don’t want failing or giving inaccurate readings.

To know how to choose the best radiation detector is simple, they need to have a certification by a country that has put these items under real test conditions. For the US, this would be an NRC certification.

However, some of the big selling radiation detectors have also been certified in Japan and Germany.

However this is very NEW indeed and already certified as an anti terrorist tool.

Measure Radioactivity with your Smartphone

GammaPix™ works with your smartphone’s camera to detect radioactivity.

The app allows you to measure radioactivity levels wherever you are and to be assured that your local environment is safe.

The app can be used for the detection of radioactivity in everyday life such as exposure on airplanes, from medical patients or from contaminated products.

You can also use GammaPix™ to detect hazards from unusual events, such as nuclear accidents of the kind experienced in 2011 in Fukushima, Japan, or a terrorist attack by a dirty bomb or quietly placed radioactive silent sources.

The GammaPix™ patented technology is based on analysis software that operates on the images produced by a surveillance camera, webcam or smartphone to measure the local gamma radiation exposure at the device.

The technology is sensitive enough to detect, within seconds, dangerously high levels of radiation so that you can quickly get away!

You can also use the software to collect data over longer times, from minutes to hours, to detect weaker radioactivity sources or normal background radioactivity

Bugging Out-The Basics

Your bug-out bag should contain the things you need to survive while you’re on the road to your BOL or heading home.

You’ll need water, food, a good knife, fire starting materials, and a first aid kit, among other things.

Water Is YOUR Priority

You can survive up to 3 days without water, but the longer you go without water, the more difficult it becomes to think logically.

If you can’t think straight, your survival rates plummet. So be sure to pack some water, water purification tablets, and a good filtration bottle. This is a priority for a well stocked bug-out bag.

Food

After water, you need to have some form of sustenance to keep your body fueled for the trip ahead. High energy bars and crisps, better still trail-mix will keep you going whilst on the move. I like to put survival food into 3 categories…quick and easy, heat and eat, and foraged from the wild.

Quick and Easy

When you have to get out of Dodge fast, you need food you can eat on the run. Pack foods that provide protein, carbs, vitamins, and minerals to keep your body functioning on your trip, especially if you need to walk or bike to your destination.

Stash a variety of ready to eat foods and rotate them often. If your bug out bag is packed and left in a closet for a couple years, some of those foods could get moldy…so use it and replace it.

Here’s my list of favorite quick foods you can eat as you move:

Jerky

Nuts and Seeds

Dried fruits

Power bars

Granola bars

Protein powder (mix into your water)

Heat and Eat

If your bug out trip is going to be lengthy, or you have no real destination in mind, you’ll want some heartier fare.

When the nights get cold, a hot meal can do wonders for morale.

So try packing some of these mixes that are ready to eat after adding boiling water, stirring, and letting them cook for 5 minutes or less.

These mixes are a lot like the cups of instant soup available in shops, except it is a lot cheaper to make your own and you can take a Thermos mug and your mixes in Z-lock bags in a lot less space than those soup cups.

Here are two recipes:

Cheesy Potatoes

1 cup instant mashed potatoes

1 Tbs cheddar cheese powder

Dash of salt and pepper (Leave the salt if cheese powder contains salt)

Mix ingredients in a plastic bag and store in a dry place. You can add dried veggies to increase nutritional value. To heat: Pour contents into a large mug or a bowl. Add enough boiling water to cover mix. Stir and add more water if necessary. Let stand for 5 minutes and eat.

Tex-Mex Beans and Rice

3/4 cup instant rice

1/4 cup dried instant refried beans

2 Tbs freeze dried sweet corn

1 Tbs dried tomato powder

1 tsp taco seasoning

Dash of salt and pepper

Mix ingredients in a plastic bag and store in a dry place. To heat: Pour contents into a large mug or a bowl. Add enough boiling water to cover mix. Stir and add more water if necessary. Let stand for 5 minutes and eat.

Foraging for Wild Food

Edible greens, nuts, and fruits grow in the wild, we just need to know what’s safe to eat.

Pack a guide to edible plants for your area in your bug out bag and practice foraging before the SHTF.

It will slow you down if you need to forage for all of your food on your trip, but having this knowledge may keep you from starving when you run out of your bug out bag preps.

What Else?

Foil containers of tuna, salmon, or chicken

Small cans of meat and fish

Tea bags, coffee, sugar, milk powder etc.

Small pot to boil water

Sharp knife

Tin opener

Mug and spoon/spork

Container for gathering wild edibles

Don’t fill your bug out bag with junk food! Make sure you have a variety of ready to eat, and ready to heat foods to keep your body going strong through a long hard trek.

And get it ready now! You may not have time to think carefully about what goes in your bug out bag when the SHTF.

It would be bad news to get out in the wild and only have a bag of biscuits to munch on. So prepare now and survive later!

Note: The recipes for mixes can be made up in larger quantities. You can also change the seasoning, or add other dried ingredients that you like. Just be sure to keep them in a dry place and rotate once every 4 to 6 months.

Survival and Stress

We’ve all commented at one point or another about having a stressful day. But most of us don’t have a clue as to how debilitating stress can be especially in survival situations.

To reduce its impact and to increase the chance of survival in the wilderness, it’s important to not only understand stress but to also overcome it.

The environment, your physical and mental condition, and the availability of materials all affect the amount of stress you will have to manage.

Environment Stress

There are three environmental factors that will directly impact you in a survival situation. They are the climate (temperature, moisture, and wind), terrain (mountainous, desert, jungle, arctic), and life forms (plants and animals).

At first glance these obstacles may seem insurmountable and history has provided plenty of examples of people perishing as a result of unfavourable environmental conditions.

Still, there are other stories of survivors that successfully adapted to the given conditions or travelled to another location that was better equipped to meet their needs so we know it can be done.

Understanding how the environment might affect you is the first and necessary step to overcoming the unpredictable hardships of nature.

Physical and Psychological Stress

Both the physical and psychological stresses of survival will directly affect your outlook of your situation.

If you’re not careful, you may lose all hope virtually guaranteeing your death. These stresses may also end up dictating the order in which you meet your needs which is not the ideal way to prioritize.

Instead, it is important to make decisions based on logic and not emotion.

Physical stresses are brought about by the physical hardships of survival. Overcoming them requires proper preparation.

The six P’s provide a good rule for all wilderness travellers: prior proper preparation prevents poor performance.

So what does preparing mean? It involves the following: ensuring that your immunizations are up-to-date, staying well hydrated both before and during any outback adventure, and being physically fit prior to travelling into the wilderness.

The amount of time a survivor goes without rescue will have a significant impact upon his will or drive to survive. As time passes, the survivor’s hopes of being found ultimately begin to diminish.

With decreased hope comes increased psychological stress.

This sort of stress is much more insidious than other forms and you need to be on the lookout for it.

The basic stresses that will affect you, the survivor, psychologically are as follows: pain, hunger and thirst, heat or cold, fatigue, loneliness, and fear.

Overcoming Survival Stress

The most important key to surviving is the survivor’s will. The will or drive to survive is not something that can be bought.

However, your will is directly affected by the amount of stress associated with a survival situation.

Prior preparation, keeping a clear head and thinking logically, prioritizing your needs, and improvising all will help alleviate some of this stress.

When a problem arises, remember the acronym STOP:

S: Stop – Clear your thoughts and focus on the problem.

T: Think – Identify practical solutions. Consider each in detail.

O: Organize – After looking at your options, pick one. Develop a step-by-step plan from beginning to end.

P: Proceed With Your Plan – Be flexible and make adjustments as necessary.

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