This Week’s Show 20th June 2019

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The water-to-Go 15% discount offer, The Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, A British Chernobyl, The Titan Depot 15% discount offer, The Wilderness121 10% discount offer, Now you can get 10% discount on all products at OFF GRID TOOLS, Big5 sauces 10% discount offer, Wilderness Gathering, Simply Eggs, Holiday Beach Terrorist Attacks, Making a Home-Made Dirty Bomb is Not Easy. BREAK Gas Attack Effects, My Survival Fishing Kit,

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A British Chernobyl

It was at 1.23am on Saturday, April 26, 1986, that a vast explosion blew the 200-tonne concrete shield built over the reactor’s core through the roof and into the night sky.

A second, even more powerful blast followed and a radioactive cloud, 400 times more potent than that created by the bomb dropped on Hiroshima, was unleashed in what remains the world’s worst nuclear accident.

Plutonium-239, one of the elements in that cloud, has a half-life — the time it takes for radioactivity to drop to half its level — of an astonishing 24,000 years.

In the aftermath of the explosion, a 30km-radius exclusion zone — 2,600 square km — was established around Chernobyl, and almost a quarter of a million people were subjected to a chaotic evacuation with convoys of buses standing for hours, exposing the occupants to high radiation levels.

A similar sized zone was set up in nearby Belarus.

Grotesque human error was compounded by the fundamentally flawed design of the reactor, incompetence, lies, the consequences of shoddy workmanship and cost-cutting, so creating a ‘perfect storm’ of extreme conditions that triggered an unstoppable chain reaction.

That was Chernobyl

The very same is in my opinion a very serious possibility here in the UK.

Nuclear experts have warned that two Scottish reactors should not be reopened because of cracks that could force both Glasgow and Edinburgh to be evacuated.

Earlier this year, worrying footage of almost 400 cracks 2mm-wide at Hunterston B in North Ayrshire were revealed.

Owners EDF Energy and trade union GMB want the reactors put back into service, after they were closed in October 2018.

But Dr Ian Fairlie, an independent consultant on radioactivity in the environment, and Dr David Toke, of the University of Aberdeen, are warning against attempts to reopen the reactors.

Although the probability of a meltdown is still low, both Glasgow and Edinburgh would need to be entirely evacuated if one was to occur.

The reactor was forced to shut the reactor after experts found the hairline fractures were growing faster than expected, in about one in every 10 bricks in a reactor core.

The limit for the latest period of operation was 350 cracks but an inspection found that allowance had been exceeded.

Now, EDF energy plans to ask the regulator for permission to restart with a new operational limit of up to 700 cracks on the 31st July this year.

I have researched the facts previously and written articles on how stupid EDF Energy plans are.

Cracks are actually expected to form over time in all the UK’s nuclear reactors, but recent close-up filming at Hunterston has revealed around 370 small fractures.

This means that is was then already over the safety limit set and agreed by EDF and the Office of Nuclear Regulation of 350 cracks.

EDF, which runs the plant 35 miles west of Glasgow, said they were 1mm when first seen in 2017.

They are now “opening very slowly”, with an average crack size of 2mm. They were 1mm cracks when first seen in 2017

Cracks of 10mm on the inside of the fuel channel and 18mm on the outside are still safe, according to EDF.

So not only has the limit of cracks been exceded, the crack size has doubled in two years.

UK safety is not a concern in my opinion, but it seems that profit is.

The whole idea of using a nuclear reactor that has so many cracks in it that it has exceded the initial safety levels that caused it to be shut down in the first place is suicide in my opinion.

But to find that these cracks have actually doubled in size in two years surely must ring alarm bells with EDF and certainly the Office of Nuclear Regulation .

If they have exceded safety levels and doubled in size as these cracks have I say it should never be restarted, we must not play with these reactors, and if we do so, we do so at great peril to us all.

You can buy my book “The Complete Nuclear Survival Guide” on Amazon and Kindle.

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Simply Eggs

Omelet in a Zip Lock Bag


4 large eggs

1/4 lb. ham, chopped

1 c. shredded Cheddar

1/2 small onion, finely chopped

1 bell pepper, chopped


Freshly ground black pepper

1/4 c. freshly chopped chives


Bring a large pot of water to a boil.

Crack two eggs into a large resealable freezer bag, then press out as much air as you can and seal the bag shut. Squeeze the eggs to beat them. Re-open the bag and add half of the ham, cheese, onion, and bell pepper and season with salt and pepper.

Repeat entire process using a second resealable bag and the remaining ingredients. Carefully place bags in the boiling water, and cook until the mixture is set, about 8 minutes.

Use tongs to remove the bags from the pot. Carefully open each bag and roll out the omelet onto a plate. Garnish with chives and serve immediately.

Cooking Eggs in an Orange

You need to slice off the top of the orange – same sort of height you might do a boiled egg. Refer to the photos to see the sort of ‘cap’ you are trying to create.

The most difficult bit of the procedure is to remove the contents of the orange (eat it, it’s tasty and healthy btw)

At the end, the cap should still sit on the top of the orange.

I like smokey streaky bacon, however back bacon or similar is fine. Just wrap it round inside – or drape it in so it covers all the inside of the orange.

Crack an egg into the orange

I use toothpicks to secure the lids – but true backwoods style would probably use small sharpened green sticks.

It’s a good idea to soak the toothpicks because otherwise they’ll just burn away.

Cooking on fires isn’t straightforward, you need to understand the difference between embers and flames.

Embers have very little or absolutely no flame but glow red hot especially when blown on.  If you’re used to using BBQ’s, that’s what we’re talking about.  Flames are much less hotter & just blacken the food with soot.

Embers is what we want. When the egg swells and pushes the lid up, the food is cooked.

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Holiday Beach Terrorist Attacks

ISIS is planning Sri Lanka-style attacks on Brit holidaymakers in the Mediterranean, it has been reported.

The jihadis have been driven from their final stronghold in Syria but they have been linked to the Easter Sunday attacks in Sri Lanka that killed 250 people.

Warnings have been sounded that they are using their expertise to carry out more attacks after being freed from having to defend territory.

A memo has now been issued to British troops warning of the threat to military personnel and civilians abroad.

The jihadis could “target hotel locations to kill, injure or take hostage” people on the Costas and other holiday hotspots, the heads of the intelligence services have said.

The spies have reportedly identified a terrorist hit list of targets including Spain and Turkey with Greece, Tenerife and North African countries such as Morocco and Tunisia are also at risk.

ISIS inspired gunman Seifeddine Rezgui killed 38 of which 30 were British at a beach resort near Sousse in Tunisia in June 2015.

Then in 2017 Younes Adouyaaqoub went on the rampage on Barcelona’s busy Las Ramblas in a van, killing 13.

The warning comes as the Foreign Office this week updated its travel advice for Spain.

“Terrorists are likely to try to carry out attacks in Spain,” it reads.

The Spanish authorities take measures to protect visitors, but you should be vigilant and follow the instructions of the authorities.”

It recently emerged ISIS-supporting extremists have threatened to launch attacks on Spanish tourist towns.

The terrifying threats surfaced in a 33-minute video was uncovered by the Middle East research group MEMRI.

The video was found on file-sharing platform Telegram and released by ISIS propaganda outlet Muntasir Media.

It’s a grim outlook, but we are likely to see more attempts at attacks, more regularly, for the foreseeable future.

“Sri Lanka was not a one-off. If anything, it was a test run.”

If the terrorist is carrying a gun it’ll be over pretty quickly, so try and get outside fast.

Run outside and get to a sheltered location or if you are in a high rise building, your best option might be to run upstairs, to try and get to the roof.

Just get as far away from the situation as you can.

Do it fast and trust your instinct.

If you are in the open, say the beach, then seek cover, run to any open building, a hotel, shop, apartment etc. Do not just lie down and play dead.

Put your mobile phone on SILENT.

If you are with a family or group then put a plan in place should you be involved in a terrorist attack.

Each of you should carry a local tourist type foldable map. Marked on this map should be your accommodation, telephone boxes, British consulate/embassy, Medical facilites/ doctors,the location you are going to that day and the route there, and a selected and agree meet-up point to head for if you get split up.

Include the hotel phone number, local English speaking taxi company, hospital/ medical facities /doctors etc.

If in the middle of summer you hear what you think are fireworks, think again and put your plan into practice.

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Making a Home-Made Dirty Bomb is Not Easy.

As the government has informed us that a Secondary school dropout street punk can make a dirty bomb, let’s do a thought experiment.

Let’s make one.

The government descriptions are of radioactive material being dispersed by an explosion. Essentially all candidate materials are metals.

The requirement is to disperse the metal.

Clearly if it is in one piece we might as well just throw it away as No explosion is going to turn it into more than a few pieces.

Those pieces can be found quite easily by Geiger counters.

To kill people we have to get them to eat it or inhale it.
As people are not likely to eat pieces of metal they find on the street we are going to have to get people to inhale it or for it to be unnoticeable on their food. Therefore we must reduce the metal to a very fine powder.

With metals that would require a file and the finer the file the finer the pieces are of course. If you have ever done this or handled iron filings you know if you drop them they fall like stones.

They do not float away in the wind and no one is going to inhale them and they would be spat out if chewed. We could drop them off of a high building in a strong breeze but that doesn’t do much for dispersion.

Even if as fine as talcum powder (no easy task) the particles are a hundred times
heavier than talcum powder and fall rather than blow away in the wind.

So we have to find a way to get the material fine enough to be dispersed by the wind. To do that the best way is to burn it. That will produce relatively light metal oxide particles.

This can disperse through the air in a stiff breeze and can be inhaled or fall on food.

The best candidate metal is uranium isotope number 235, the one used to make one type of atom bomb. This is slightly heavier than lead. Back when we had lead in gasoline the burned lead came out of the exhaust.

That was so heavy it didn’t get much beyond the footpath so we will still need that tall building.

Uranium burns quite well once started, so mixing the powder with thermite or magnesium will cause a nice burn and on top of a tall building about the best dispersion we are going to get.

It is not “the taller the better” and “the stronger the breeze the better” as we don’t want it falling beyond the target area or, depending on location, or even blowing it out to sea.

It would take some study to determine building height to wind velocity to maximize the results.

Despite the government’s implication we cannot drop into the local university and get a few ounces of U235. But if we could get hold of a few ounces it would come in a lead container weighing a half ton or more.

And after having it and developing a filing machine and collection apparatus the machine would have to work in a lead enclosure in the ten ton range. The mixing with magnesium would have to be done in the room.

This increases our requirement to having a human operator having control of the equipment from outside the room drastically increasing the cost.

As we can make the assumption this is a suicide mission the designated bomber can rush in to pick up a briefcase and head for the tall building and ignite it on the roof. We have now been successful suicide terrorists.

Because of the necessary contamination of the assembly area that person will most certainly die of radiation poisoning due to massive exposure. If not that then certainly because whatever he carries it in will not have the half ton of lead shielding needed to prevent his death by radiation poisoning.

But our success is limited. Exploded or burned outside on top a tall building with a stiff breeze either dust or burned Uranium can cover and contaminate a wide area — until the first decent rain washes it down the sewers.

What doesn’t wash away will certainly collect in pools of rain water making clean-up efforts much easier. We also do not want it too dispersed or else it will be hard to detect above natural background radiation and the media will not become as hysterical.

We have also made a trade-off between burned Uranium which people have a chance of inhaling against a fine dust which essentially cannot be inhaled.

Dust has to fall on food unnoticed and eaten leaving the risk only to food exposed and being eaten while it is settling.

This would of course leave the customers of open air food markets at risk but little would be eaten and the loss limited to one days’ exposed food.

With this success we have created massive hysteria in the media and in the people stirred up by the media. But with neither dust nor burning is there enough radiation in one place or ingested or inhaled by one person to cause radiation poisoning.

What we have achieved will only be measurable statistically.

Starting no sooner than a year later there will be a small statistical increase in radiation related forms of cancer. Actual deaths will not start until perhaps a year or more after that. This statistical increase may be noticeable for another twenty years until things are back to normal.

We will not have hospitals filled with thousands of victims of radiation poisoning.

In the process of designing this weapon we have discovered there are very few useful radioactive materials.

Those commonly available as in smoke detectors are in much too small a quantity and do not put out significant dangerous radioactivity.

Another relatively safe isotope of Uranium, 238, is called depleted Uranium. It was used extensively in anti-tank shells during the Gulf War. That is all over Iraq along the ‘highway of death’ and thus freely available.

There is no good source of U235 outside of a highly guarded weapons plant.

Some universities do have it for research purposes but it is never in large quantities and most always in the form of salts or oxides. It is not in large quantities as the more in one container the more radioactivity it produces.

The larger the sample the more dangerous it is to handle. Fortunately research other than for bombs requires only very small quantities.

It is in the form of salts, such as chlorides so that it is soluble in water for some experiments or as an oxide exactly so that it cannot burn with the attendant risks. So any oxide stolen can be used only for dispersion not burning.

Put it all together and a theft from a university source might yield a few thousandths of an ounce, a few milligrams. As it is in a form which can only be used for explosive dispersal it has that tendency to fall like a rock so it won’t disperse very far and is not likely to be inhaled.

The real danger of its use would be the hysteria in the news media and the panic the
media would cause and then cover.

In the process of designing this weapon we have learned there is natural background radioactivity and the amount and type of radioactivity to harm people.

We have learned the only people who would die in the first few years after it is set off would be those caught in the initial fire or explosion.

We have also learned the safety requirements for preparing such a weapon and that the government can discover us by our purchases of lead and industrial robotic equipment.

And if we don’t do everything right we will be dead before half started.

Above all we have learned high school dropout street thugs are not of use except as the designated suicide bomber.

Now the one other alternative are the spent core rods from nuclear reactors.

If we could get some of this, it starts as a new fuel rod at 3% instead of the over 90% concentration for weapons grade material. So the actual amount of radiation is drastically lower to begin with.

When it is spent, ready for reprocessing, they have a wide range of highly radioactive elements which are quite suitable for dirty bombs.

However the problems of obtaining this are greater than stealing U235 from a research facility. Whereas a university would have a night watchman or two, nuclear power plants have 24/7 armed guards, security fences and intrusion detection systems.

If these can be overcome we will find spent fuel rods in huge tanks of water.

If we can remove them we have to put them into the multi-ton lead containers we brought with us. During the hours this would take with our huge truck and cranes, the people working there have called the police.

We could try hijacking a truck carrying the rods to the reprocessing plant. We discover, unlike the movies, the trucks do not travel back roads in the country but on the motorways with police escorts.

We would have about as much chance of getting away as a speeder on police video
with ten times the resources after us.


Gas Attack Effects

My advice is very similar to the Gov. advice which for once is very good.

If you hear loud bangs or explosions and you are in the open, then take cover, put your mobile on silent, remember to keep away from glass windows or doors. Do not simply lie down as people who did that in Paris were shot.

Once hidden then stay there until you are told it is safe to leave.

If you are shopping in a group, family/friends then select an RV point were you will all meet up if separated should an attack occur.

If you see someone/something suspicious phone 999 and report what you have seen. Please try to remember vehicle Reg., make, colour, number of occupants and their description, their location, and the direction in which they left.

If you are in an enclosed space, for example a cinema, club, pub, restaurant or sporting event, then upon entering look for the exits and make a mental plan as to which one you will head for and stick to that.

If the attack is a chemical one then you will see gas being used and there are a few points to be aware of.

Firstly gas really only works effectively in enclosed spaces and if outside only goes where the wind blows.

If it is chloriene gas it will be green/yellow in colour and as it is heavier than air it will stay close to the ground.

Use any material to cover your mouth and nose if you do not have a mask and for best results urinate on the material then breath through it, as urine cancels out the chloriene gas.

What I mean is the reaction of urea and chlorine gas produces dichlorourea, which will crystallize onto the damp material, effectively neutralizing the effects of the chlorine.

What ever action you ,take leave the area asap and try to leave up wind if possible.

Immediate signs and symptoms of sulfur mustard exposure

Exposure to sulfur mustard usually is not fatal. When sulfur mustard was used during World War I, it killed fewer than 5% of the people who were exposed and got medical care.

People may not know right away that they have been exposed, because sulfur mustard may not have a smell or have a smell that might not cause alarm.

Typically, signs and symptoms do not occur immediately. Depending on the severity of the exposure, symptoms may not occur for up to 24 hours. Some people are more sensitive to sulfur mustard than are other people, and may have signs and symptoms sooner.

Sulfur mustard can have the following effects on specific parts of the body:

Skin: redness and itching of the skin may occur 2 to 48 hours after exposure and may eventually change to yellow blistering of the skin.

Eyes: irritation, pain, swelling, and tearing may occur within 3 to 12 hours of a mild to moderate exposure. A severe exposure may cause signs and symptoms within 1 to 2 hours and may include the symptoms of a mild or moderate exposure plus light sensitivity, severe pain, or blindness lasting up to 10 days.

Respiratory tract: runny nose, sneezing, hoarseness, bloody nose, sinus pain, shortness of breath, and cough within 12 to 24 hours of a mild exposure and within 2 to 4 hours of a severe exposure.

Digestive tract: abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, nausea, and vomiting.

Bone marrow: decreased formation of blood cells (aplastic anemia) or decreased red or white blood cells and platelets (pancytopenia) leading to weakness, bleeding and infections.

Mustard Gas Conclusion

Be aware of a usually colorless gas that smells like mustard, garlic, or onions–but note it doesn’t always have an odor. If you are exposed to mustard gas, you may notice the following symptoms but they may not appear until 2 to 24 hours after exposure:

Redness and itching of skin, eventually changes to yellow blistering

Irritation of eyes; if exposure is severe, there may be light sensitivity, severe pain, or temporary blindness

Irritation of respiratory tract (runny nose, sneezing, hoarseness, bloody nose, sinus pain, shortness of breath, and cough)

However showing these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been exposed to sulfur mustard.

Chlorine Gas Conclusion

Be aware of any yellow-green gas floating around with the strong smell of bleach. Some soldiers in WWI described it as pepper and pineapple. If you are exposed to chlorine gas, you may have trouble breathing or seeing and will feel a burning sensation.

Move quickly into an area with clean air in order to minimize exposure to the gas.

If indoors, exit the building as quickly as possible.

If outdoors, move to the highest ground. Since chlorine gas is more dense than air, it will sink to the ground.

Grab a cotton pad or any fabric and soak it in urine. Hold it up to your nose as a mask. The Canadian military survived the first large-scale chlorine gas attack in WWI by using urine instead of water, under the presumption that the urine crystallizes the gas

Remove all clothing that may have been exposed to the gas, being sure not to let the clothes touch your face or head. Cut the clothes off so that they don’t need to make additional contact with your skin as they’re peeled off. Seal the clothes in plastic bags.

Clean your body thoroughly with a lot of soap and water. Rinse your eyes with water if your vision is blurred or your eyes burn; if you wear contact lenses, throw them away. However, water mixed with Chlorine gas can turn into Hydrochloric acid, so be careful.

I hope this article has helped you understand the possible threat that we now face, and given you some idea of what is best to do.

Chlorine gas is a powerful irritant that can wreak havoc on the human body, but isn’t known for being extremely lethal. A small amount of sarin gas, however, mirrors the effects of VX nerve agent — the world’s most deadly poison.

Here’s what sarin gas is and what it does to the body, according to information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Reuters, and other sources.

Where the toxin comes from and what it is

Sarin is a nerve agent that:

Was developed in Germany in 1938 as a pesticide.

Is a human-made substance that’s similar to insecticides called organophosphates, yet is far more powerful.

Is clear, colorless, tasteless, and odorless liquid in pure form, and dissolves easily in water.

Rapidly evaporates into a dense gas that sinks to low-lying areas, and is the most volatile of all nerve agents.

In a bomb, mixes as two chemicals to weaponize the nerve agent.

Can affect people through their skin, eyes, and lungs, and through contaminated food and clothes.

Was used in attacks on Japan in 1994.

Was used during an attack in Syria in 2013.

What the symptoms of exposure are

Moderate exposure

Head: confusion, drowsiness, and headache.

Eyes: watery eyes, eye, pain, blurry vision, small/pinpoint pupils.

Mouth, nose, and lungs: cough, drooling, runny nose, rapid breathing, chest tightness; victims have described breathing sarin gas as “a knife made of fire” tearing up their lungs.

Skin: excessive sweating, muscle twitching at the site of contact.

Digestion: nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, increased urination, diarrhea.

Cardiovascular: abnormal blood pressure and heart rate, weakness.

Lethal exposure


Loss of consciousness


Breathing failure

How sarin nerve agent is treated

While there’s an antidote, to be effective it must be used quickly — so the CDC recommends leaving the area where gas may be present and seeking fresh air. They also recommend getting to higher ground, since sarin gas sinks downward.

The CDC also says potential victims should:

Rapidly remove clothing, tearing it off if necessary.

To protect from further exposure, place the contaminated clothes in a bag, then seal within another bag, as soon as possible.

Wash the entire body with excessive soap and water.

Flush the eyes for 10-15 minutes if vision is blurred.

If swallowed, don’t induce vomiting or drink fluids.

Seek medical attention immediately.

My Survival Fishing Kit

Many commercial survival kits contain a few small hooks, tiny, weights, and a short length of lightweight fishing line.

With some live bait an amateur could use that miniature fishing kit to catch a few small fish for food.

However, small fish contain very little meat and it would take many of them to make a meal.

There will be many setbacks, such as broken lines and lost hooks. A tiny fishing kit of this type might help catch a few small fish, but it isn’t going to do much good in a real survival situation.

Further, most would not know how to use that gear to catch fish when live bait is unavailable.

I love fishing and I wanted to design a survival fishing kit for myself, a kit I could have fun with as well as a kit capable of providing fresh food in a survival situation.

It stands to reason that commercial fishing line will be far better than any fishing line I could make in a true survival situation.

Generally speaking, a half-mile of commercial fishing line weighs only about one-quarter of a pound, can be contained on a spool the size of a human fist, and costs less than a typical fast-food lunch.

With the internet and a little surfing you can source cheap line in fact some is free if you pay shipping.

For me it is simply a must-have item for fishing kit.

Fishing line is available in many different strengths and styles. For example, a hooked quarter-pound fish tugging on a small 6-pound test monofilament line will probably not cause it to break, but the line will likely snap if you have hooked a twenty-pound fish.

Abrasion from jagged rocks and underwater obstructions will also weaken a fishing line, as will fishing in extremely cold water.

Having a stronger fishing line than you expect to need is the key, but smaller fish can become “spooked” by a strong large-diameter fishing line. A fluorocarbon line can overcome this problem as it is nearly invisible in the water, but small-diameter fluorocarbon lines can still break when big fish are hooked.

In a survival situation a person would want to catch fish of all sizes so a versatile line is needed.

Chosing the best all-purpose survival fishing line is a matter of personal opinion, but I would recommend a braided line which generally has 3-5 times the breaking strength of a monofilament or fluorocarbon line.

For example, a braided line having a 50-pound breaking strength can have a line diameter equivalent to a 10-pound monofilament or fluorocarbon line. Even with mild abrasion damage, such a strong braided line would continue to be useful for fishing as opposed to most lightweight monofilament or fluorocarbon fishing line of equal diameter.

Remember the weakest link in the set up is at the knot which ties the line to the hook, a fact which is especially true for braided lines.

I suggest having pre tied hooks to line with you, it’s a lot easier than than trying to do this with freezing cold fingers.

Fishing hooks can be crafted by hand from wire, wood, or bone with unpredictable results, but off-the-shelf hooks are far superior in strength, sharpness, design, and function.

Plenty of straight hooks in small and large sizes as well as medium-sized treble hooks are also must-have items for survival fishing kits. Both modern-day fishing line and hooks are so useful, effective, dependable, and affordable it makes little sense to be without them and try to make your own.

From a minimalist perspective strong fishing line and hooks are the two primary items in my fishing kit and I would be content just having that. However, I can greatly improve my kit without adding much bulk by including the following:

Multi-tool containing pliers and a single-edge knife blade (for hook removal, scaling/cleaning fish, and crafting artificial lures)

Container with lid (such as a small tin or margarine tub, used to contain the miscellaneous hardware noted below, also useful to hold live bait when needed)

Many large and small paper clips, safety pins, rubber bands; as well as a few strong finishing nails (miscellaneous useful hardware)

A small pack which will be useful for storing the entire fishing kit

Of course, a telescoping fishing rod and a reel can be useful too, but they are bulky and can break fairly easily.

I have the Pen Fishing Rod and Reel which I really love to fish with.

Other fishing kits use a small hand-held stick (or dowel rod) so the line can be retrieved by hand in the same way as when flying a kite.

I also have a small assortment of plastic baits, spinning lures, but don’t go overboard as the kit should be as compact as possible.

There are many ways to catch fish using hooks and line, one of which involves live bait.

Anything can be used as bait: worms, crickets, various bugs of all types, as well as pieces of raw meat. Small fish can be used as bait to catch larger fish.

Food such as fruit, bread, and kernels of corn can attract fish. Simply attach the bait to a hook which is tied to a line and cast the baited hook into the water.

Don’t expect instant results as several hours might pass before you catch a fish, if at all.

Use a short length of nylon cord to retain captured fish by feeding one end of it into the mouth of the fish and working it out through the gills. Allow the captured fish to remain in the water while securing both ends of the nylon cord on the shoreline so the fish do not swim away.

If weight is needed to keep the bait on the bottom of the water then rocks can come in handy for this purpose.

Using a separate three-foot strand of nylon cord, repeatedly wrap and tie the rock into a cocoon of sorts which can easily be tied to a baited fishing line.

I do not use floats as are not usually needed to catch fish, but when necessary they can be fashioned from nearly any piece of buoyant material.

The small paper clips and safety pins can help serve as attachment points for weights and floats while the large paper clips can be used to create artificial lures.

There are two main types of artificial lures we can easily craft using common and natural materials. One is a weighted jig we can bounce on the bottom of the lake to imitate the actions of a frog or small fish.

A lure is not live bait, but with some practice we can convince predatory fish that it is alive.

Using a large straight hook and a rubber band, tightly bind a pea-sized rock near the eye of the hook. Within the many folds of that same rubber band attach several 2” pieces of nylon cord and fray the ends to create multiple separate strands of loose fiber.

These loose string tips will mimic hair or phalanges and add a bit of realism to our artificial lure when it is in the water.

Attach the lure to the fishing line, cast it into the water a fair distance from shore, and allow it to descend to the bottom.

Lightly tug on the fishing line every few seconds so the jig rises up from the bottom about 6-12” and then allow it to fall back to the bottom again. Repeat this fairly slow process until you have fully retrieved the lure, then cast it back out into the water and repeat the retrieval process again.

During the retrieval process, keep your eye focused on the fishing line at the point where it touches the surface of the water.

If the fishing line appears to be moving quickly in an unexpected direction chances are you have hooked a fish, so tug hard on the line to set the hook.

A jig is especially effective in places having lily pads or lots of underwater grass where larger fish might be hiding.

From my own personal experience using this technique, I have hooked several fish in 24 inches of water or less with some hooks being set when the jig was a few inches from the shoreline.

Another type of artificial lure we can craft is a plug which appears to swim in the water rather than bounce on the bottom. Slide a treble hook onto a large paper clip, tightly wrap a rubber band around the paper clip several times so the hook won’t slide off, and fasten the other end of the paper clip to the fishing line. Although small and very simple in appearance, fish can be enticed to believe this lure would make a good snack. Additional bulk material and weight can be added as desired.

Just about anything can serve as a plug, even an old metal bottle cap. In that example, fold the bottle cap in half using pliers (printed side out), use the nail with a “rock as a hammer” to create a hole on each pointed end of the folded cap, affix one end to a treble hook while the other end is tied to the fishing line. This kind of lure works better in streams and rivers as the moving water will help keep the lure in a near-constant swimming motion which can attract fish.

This simple fishing kit can offer numerous other fishing possibilities, especially when combined with objects found in our surroundings.

Having so many hooks, strong line, and nylon cord you could also create a trot line having many baited hooks. Bait a dozen hooks, tie them to 12-inch lengths of fishing line, and tie each of those pieces of fishing line to a 15-foot length of nylon cord at one-foot intervals. Secured in the water using a stake at each end, a nylon cord trot line can capture multiple fish even when it is left unattended for several hours. (NB illegal in the UK)

A decent and useful survival fishing kit need not be large or expensive, but it should be better than one which can fit inside the handle of a survival knife.

I say buy a good supply of strong fishing line and hooks as making these items by hand would be unnecessarily frustrating and time-consuming in a survival situation.

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