This week’s show 21st February 2019

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SHOW NOTES

The water-to-Go 15% discount offer, The Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, The Titan Depot 15% discount offer, The Wilderness121 10% discount offer, Now you can get 10% DISCOUNT on all products at OFF GRID TOOLS, We’re Headed Towards A New Nuclear Arms Race AGAIN!Boiled British Freshwater Fish Recipes, The Importance of Water, BREAK Prepper-Survivalist- What’s the Difference? Tips for Over Night Survival, Dry Salting Technique for Sauerkraut, How to Make Nettle Soup, Not Getting Enough Sleep.

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We’re Headed Towards A New Nuclear Arms Race AGAIN!

Washington has suspended its participation in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), State Secretary Mike Pompeo has said, adding that the US might still return to compliance in 180 days if Moscow meets its demands.

After the failure of last-ditch talks with Russia on Thursday, President Donald Trump will soon give formal notice that the U.S. will “suspend” and in six months withdraw from the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.

This treaty, signed by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, broke the back of the Cold War nuclear arms race.

A new arms competition now beckons. A new treaty to reduce nuclear arms seems unlikely.

Donald Trump’s endorsement of an intended defense to protect U.S. cities will prompt more missiles to defeat its purpose.

Vladimir Putin has already threatened an arms race with Trump’s withdrawal from the INF Treaty. Putin’s threat has been called and raised by Trump’s space wall.

All this suits National Security Adviser John Bolton, Trump’s Svengali, just fine. The United States can compete and compete well in an unfettered arms race.

Any time your national defense budget is ten times bigger than Russia’s and five times bigger than China’s, you can afford an arms race.

But arms races usually don’t end well: even if you stay ahead of the competition, your security is diminished.

There was a superpower arms race after the Soviet Union launched Sputnik in 1957.

The United States competed hard, and soon enough there was a missile gap — in Washington’s favour.

Another arms race was brewing in the 1960s when Washington and Moscow had ambitious plans to build nationwide missile defences.

In the 1970s and 1980s, both superpowers began to place more than one warhead atop their longest-range missiles.

It took twenty years for treaties to cap and reduce this competition.

Moscow and Washington are casting aside these treaties like old, ill-fitting clothes.

First, George W. Bush withdrew from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty which banned nationwide defences and which eventually enabled deep cuts. In response to Bush, Putin walked away from the 1993 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty banning land-based missiles carrying multiple warheads.

Now Putin is deploying these “MIRVed” missiles to counter new missile defences by the United States.

With the INF Treaty biting the dust, more of these intermediate-range missiles are in the offing. Bolton rejected Putin’s offer to inspect the missile deemed to be a treaty violation by the U.S. intelligence community.

Putin’s offer might well have been disingenuous, or it could have been a diplomatic opening. We’ll never know.

Clarifying and reducing this missile’s range capability was unacceptable to Bolton; nothing less than destroying these missiles would do.

Now Putin is free to deploy more of them.

So the Cold War has taught our leaders nothing, they seem to want to dive back into the arms race as if it were simply a game.

A game it is not, and it never was, we lived under the constant threat of a nuclear war, either one began by human error, computer error or by simply mis-reading our opponents actions.

This is a dark day for the world, and I hope that common sense will prevail, pull us back from the brink and prevent decades of treaties and trust being lost for ever.

My Nuclear Survival Course Press coverage, Talk Radio, Love Sport Radio, Huff post, RT TV, Vice.com and hopefully more to come.

Boiled British Freshwater Fish Recipes

Why should camp fire cooking be only grill bake and roast?

Why should camp fire cooking be bland?

Why not plan and prepare for your wild food meals?

These can be cooked using foraged greens or taken home and given the chief treatment.

Boiled Tench

Prepare the tench by scaling, gutting, removing the gills then washing and patting dry.

Place in a large pan then pour over just enough water to cover. Add 25g of salt per 1l of water added then bring to a simmer, cover and cook gently for about 10 minutes, or until the fish is cooked through.

Transfer the tench to a warmed serving plate and garnish with parsley. Accompany with melted butter.

Boiled Trout

This is a traditional British recipe for a classic dish of boiled trout that’s filleted and served topped with, garlic, vinegar, lemon juice and olive oil. Ingredients: 2 medium trout, cleaned and scaled 2 summer truffles 2 garlic cloves 1 tbs. red wine vinegar 2 tsp extra-virgin olive oil juice of 1 lemon sea salt, to taste

Method

Bring a pan of lightly-salted water to a boil. Add the trout and cook for about 20 minutes, or until done through. Remove the fish then take off all the skin and fins.

Take the fish and carefully remove the flesh as four fillets (discard all the bones).

In the meantime, place the garlic in a mortar and crush to a paste.

Add the vinegar and lemon juice and mix thoroughly to combine.

Place the oil in a pan, add the truffle mixture and heat gently over a low flame (this should be just heated through, do not allow the sauce to fry).

Take off the heat and season to taste. Pour the sauce over the fish and serve.

Feed the 5 thousand

A fish boil is a fun, low-maintenance way to feed a large group of people — and although it is traditionally served outdoors, you can also bring the party inside.

Whether you’re planning an outdoor picnic or a big family get-together, a fish boil provides a nutritious, low-calorie meal for the entire family.

Step 1

Fill a large pot about three-quarters of the way up with water. Bring the water to a boil, either on your stovetop or outside on an open fire.

Step 2

Add the potatoes and 1 pound of salt for every 10 people, and then bring the liquid back up to a boil. Cook for 8 minutes, then add the onions to the pot.

Step 3

Add 2 pounds of peeled baby carrots, if desired. Wait until the water comes back to a boil, and then cook another 2 minutes. Double these cooking times for every 10 people you are serving.

Step 4

Add the whitefish and cook for 14 minutes. Use an instant-read thermometer to test the centre of the fish. If the fish reaches 145 degrees Fahrenheit in the centre, it’s done.

Step 5

Place one piece of fish, three onions and two potatoes on each plate, then add a pat of butter and spoon some of the broth over the fish. Serve with a wedge of lemon.

The Importance of Water

If you’re faced with a survival situation one of the things you’re going to have to do is to find water.

Your body loses around 2 to 3 litres of water every day through sweating and urination and this can be even greater if the weather’s hot and/or you’re using a lot of physical energy.

Therefore, in order to prevent dehydration, it’s important to find water to replace these lost fluids quickly.

Observing Nature

If you’re fortunate, you may be near a lake, river, stream or pond where you’re only concern will then be purifying the water but if you’re in arid terrain where there is no immediate evidence that flowing water is nearby, there are a number of resources that you can still tap into – it’s just a case of knowing where to look.

Low areas and valleys are natural places into which water will drain. Therefore, if you’re situated in an elevated area, you need to descend to have the best chance of finding water.

Look out for rock crevices as you go as rain will often collect in them. Muddy or damp ground is also a good indicator as are any areas of noticeably different green vegetation or a group of trees that seem ‘out of place’ with the rest of the landscape.

Have you seen any animals in the area? If not, what about animal tracks? If you’re able to spot some tracks which all tend to travel in the same direction, this could be a sign that the animal has headed for a place to drink.

Flocks of birds gathering in the same place and even a swarm of insects often means that there is water close by.

Rainwater, Dew and Condensation

Even if you’ve followed the observations above and still haven’t come across water, there are other things you can do to collect it. If it rains, many people have been able to survive simply by harvesting rainwater.

You can collect it from your tent by lowering the tent and having some kind of container in which to catch the raindrops which have landed on it – even a plastic bag will do.

Even if it’s sunny, there will still be dew to collect first thing in the morning. The easiest way to harvest dew is to get a cloth or an old T-shirt and simply drag it through the grass until the cloth is soaked with dew.

Then, simply wring it out either directly into your mouth or into a container.

You can even use condensation as a useful source of drinkable water. Both trees and plants draw moisture from the ground and the best way of utilising this is to tie a plastic bag to a branch which is facing the sun and tie a knot in the bag at the top over the branch.

Evaporation from the leaves will then result in condensation forming in the bag which you can then use to drink.

Solar Still

Building a solar still harnesses the sun’s energy to provide water and is still a device that is used by many tribes’ people today. Basically, they can be built using a sheet of strong plastic, a cup or some other kind of container and a piece of plastic tubing.

You should set up your still in the lowest, dampest area you can find then beginning digging a hole until you hit damp soil.

Then, place your cup in the middle of the hole and place one end of the plastic tubing in the cup.

Next you need to cover the hole with the plastic sheet ensuring that you have access to the other end of the tube outside the confines of your still and you can use the earth you have dug up to act as weight on top of the plastic sheet so that no air can escape.

As the soil is heated by the sun, the moisture evaporates and condenses on the plastic which then drips down to the lowest portion of the plastic then into your cup.

You can then drink from the cup by sucking on the tube which means you don’t have to disassemble your still first which can then be used again.

The Importance of Water Purification

Wherever possible, opt for flowing water as opposed to using water collected from stagnant pools as it’s less likely to contain as many impurities.

However, it’s important that you purify ALL water that’s been collected.

Even if you come across a stream that looks crystal clear, you can’t be sure that a dead animal isn’t lying further upstream, so you should purify all water that you take from the environment.

However, don’t collect water that has scum floating on it or where it’s surrounded by dead vegetation.

Clear, fast flowing water should always be your chosen option where possible and if the water bubbles or seems to be a strange colour or gives off an unpleasant odour, only use it as a last resort.

Remember that, in a survival situation, water takes on far more importance than food and until you’re sure you have enough water resources available, you should try to conserve as much energy as you can.

So, when out searching for water, try to do it early in the morning or late in the day when it will be cooler and you’re less likely to lose as much fluid through perspiring.

BREAK

Prepper-Survivalist- What’s the Difference?

I would say that not all survivalists are preppers but all preppers are survivalists. Now having probabley confuced you even more, I shall continue.

Preppers prepare for a natural or man-made disaster that would remove the comforts of modern life for an extended period of time.

Here I am talking about an EMP/CME, Nuclear accident, attack, biological or chemical, floods, earthquakes, all types of bad weather etc. plus loads more.

I suggest that “everyone” is in fact a prepper whether they will admitt that or not. Anyone who has a spare wheel, first-aid-kit, umbrella, waterproofs, fire extinguisher or even a flashligh is preparing for something. The “prepper” as they have been portrayed in the media takes it a stage further that is all.

The prepper plans to be able to survive this SHTF or TEOTWAWKI event by having srote of water, food, weapons, ammo, medicines, fuel, etc.etc.

A prepper I would suggest is a single person looking after number one, or a family man/woman looking after his/her family and they focus only on that to the exclusion of others around them.

In fact their only focus is to acquire everything they would need to survive any disaster that affects them.

Any cross over between the prepper and the survivalist is to me quite obvious as if the prepper loses his/her stores then they too will have to survive on little if anything, in fact they would then by a survivalist, if that is of course, they had bothered to learn the relevant skills and knowledge.

In any case in the long term the prepper will use up all the stotes they had gathered and what will they do then? again the only option will by to revert to being a survivalist living on knowledge and learned skills.

The survivalist however in my opinion plans to survive using knowledge and skills gained from experience over a perion of time. The survivalist learns how to provide shelter, clean water, make fire, hunt, trap, fish, forage, cook, navigate etc.etc. with the minimum of equipment because survival situations happen when we are least prepared, or when we are miles away from our preps.

The Homesteader is a combination of both prepper and survivalist and is perhaps the ideal that all preppers and survivalist aim to be.

They are usually land owners, with a shelter of some type with access to water, crops, livestock, and preps made from the surplus of their production.

They know how to can, smoke, dry and to preserve their extra foods for another day. They have moved off grid in many cased thus removing their dependence upon the society and the system they have removed themselves from.

I hope this helps you understand and goes some way to answering your questions.

Tips for Over Night Survival

In the UK, most people who become lost are often day hikers or climbers who fully expect to sleep in their own bed (or at least in their own sleeping bag) that night.

But a turn onto the wrong trail or an extra twenty minutes of late afternoon climbing can result in an unexpected overnight stay. Not forgetting an injury event either.

If you don’t carry a “survival kit” as such, there are a few inexpensive yet essential items I seldom venture far from home without.

Among these are:

A reliable, sturdy survival knife.

A good-quality multi-tool.

A length of Parachute cord.

A competent knowledge of how to use these three items will allow you to cut poles, prepare kindling, lash together a shelter, make a bow-drill fire, and perform a host of other tasks.

Other items include:

A foil emergency blanket can also be used as an improvised poncho, ground cloth, or tarp.

First aid kit. It should include gauze, bandages, butterflies, antibiotic cream, plasters etc.

Compass: Worthwhile if you know how to use it, or know the approximate direction of nearby major landmarks.

A Wooley hat (even in warm weather). In addition to keeping you warm, it can be used as a bag.

A magnesium striker

A method of water purification (water-to-go filter bottle).

A whistle. In really remote areas, a signal mirror is also a worthy addition.

Tips:

Learn to construct a simple cold-weather survival shelter.
It doesn’t take a freezing night to bring about fatal hypothermia. Temperatures
even in the fifties can be disastrous if you are improperly dressed or wet.

Always carry or wear a bandana. It can be used as a bandage, sling, or carrying bundle. A belt is useful, too.

Wrap a quantity of duct tape around your water bottle. Use good quality tape.

Stay put: You arrive at “lostness” from one direction, a single degree out of 360.

You have 359 chances to depart your situation in the wrong direction.

Make a base camp: As humans, our sense of well-being is improved when we have a place to call home, even if it is a temporary one.

Locate it in an area that is out of the wind, and where it won’t be flooded during a rainstorm.

Learn how to tie and use half a dozen or so simple but useful knots. Overhand knot, square knot, clove hitch, bowline, sheet bend, lark’s head, timber hitch, and variations on the half-hitch are good suggestions.

Customize your list: Include items specific to your needs such as daily or emergency medications, inhalers, or epi-pens.

Practice your skills and become familiar with your gear before you need them, so you know what to expect! when the time comes to use them, as it is then too late to learn them.

Having to night –out even with what some would see as sub-standard kit is not the end of the world so don’t panic.

Having clothes on is better than being naked, being behind a wall, hedge or tree is better than being exposed to the elements.

Being under a poncho is better than being wet, being in a cheap tent is better than being in a poncho, being in a sleeping is better than being without one, I think you get the message.

Any shelter is better than none.

You main priority in finding shelter is to defend your body from the weather that is it you must keep dry and warm to have a chance of survival.

And as long as you understand the basic principles you can go on survival exercises even without the top of the range designer kit, because people have survived with far less before they were invented and I promise people will continue to do so in the
future.

Dry Salting Technique for Sauerkraut

Since living in Germany and visiting Poland 5 times I cannot get enough sauerkraut. So I thought I would look into making my own.

Sauerkraut, like most fermentations, involves a succession of several different organisms.

The fermentation involves a broad community of bacteria, with a succession of different dominant players, determined by the increasing acidity.

Do not be deterred by the biological complexity of the transformation.

That happens on its own once you create the simple conditions for it.

Sauerkraut is very easy to make.

The sauerkraut method is also referred to as dry-salting, because typically no water is added and the juice under which the vegetables are submerged comes from the vegetables themselves.

This is the simplest and most straightforward method, and results in the most concentrated vegetable flavour.

Time: 3 days to 3 months (and beyond)

Container: 1-litre wide-mouth jar, or a larger jar or ceramic dish.

Ingredients (for 1 litre):

1 kilogram of vegetables per litre, any varieties of cabbage alone or in combination, or at least half cabbage and the remainder any combination of radishes, turnips, carrots, beets, kohlrabi, Jerusalem artichokes, onions, shallots, leeks, garlic, greens, peppers, or other vegetables

Approximately 1 tablespoon salt (start with a little less, add if needed after tasting)

Other seasoning’s as desired, such as caraway seeds, juniper berries, dill, chilli peppers, ginger, turmeric, dried cranberries, or whatever you can conjure in your imagination

Method:

Prepare the vegetables. Remove the outer leaves of the cabbage and reserve.

Scrub the root vegetables but do not peel. Chop or grate all vegetables into a bowl.

The purpose of this is to expose surface area in order to pull water out of the vegetables, so that they can be submerged under their own juices.

The finer the veggies are shredded, the easier it is to get juices out, but size does not really matter

Salt and season. Salt the vegetables lightly and add seasoning’s as you chop.

Sauerkraut does not require heavy salting.

Taste after the next step and add more salt or seasoning’s, if desired. It is always easier to add salt than to remove it.

Squeeze the salted vegetables with your hands for a few minutes.

This bruises the vegetables, breaking down cell walls and enabling them to release their juices.

Squeeze until you can pick up a handful and when you squeeze, juice releases (as from a wet sponge).

Pack the salted and squeezed vegetables into your jar. Press the vegetables down with force, using your fingers or a blunt tool, so that air pockets are expelled and juice rises up and over the vegetables.

Fill the jar not quite all the way to the top, leaving a little space for expansion.

The vegetables have a tendency to float to the top of the brine, so it’s best to keep them pressed down, using one of the cabbage’s outer leaves, folded to fit inside the jar, or a carved chunk of a root vegetable, or a small glass or ceramic insert.

Screw the top on the jar; lactic acid bacteria are anaerobic and do not need oxygen (though they can function in the presence of oxygen).

However, be aware that fermentation produces carbon dioxide, so pressure will build up in the jar and needs to be released daily, especially the first few days when fermentation will be most vigorous.

Be sure to loosen the top to relieve pressure each day for the first few days.

The rate of fermentation will be faster in a warm environment, slower in a cool one.

Some people prefer their krauts lightly fermented for just a few days; others prefer a stronger, more acidic flavour that develops over weeks or months.

Taste after just a few days, then a few days later, and at regular intervals to discover what you prefer. Along with the flavour, the texture changes over time, beginning crunchy and gradually softening.

Move to the refrigerator if you wish to stop (or rather slow) the fermentation. In a cool environment, kraut can continue fermenting slowly for months.

In the summer or in a heated room, its life cycle is more rapid; eventually it can become soft and mushy.

Enjoy your kraut! I start eating it when the kraut is young and enjoy its evolving flavour over the course of a few weeks (or months in a large batch).

Be sure to try the sauerkraut juice that will be left after the kraut is eaten. Sauerkraut juice packs a strong flavour, and is unparalleled as a digestive tonic or hangover cure.

Tips…

Surface growth – The most common problem that people encounter in fermenting vegetables is surface growth of yeasts and/or moulds, which are caused by oxygen.

Many books refer to this as “scum,” but I prefer to think of it as a bloom. It’s a surface phenomenon, a result of contact with the air.

If you should encounter surface growth, remove as much of it as you can, along with any discoloured or soft kraut from the top layer, and throw away.

The fermented vegetables beneath will generally look, smell, and taste fine. The surface growth can break up as you remove it, making it impossible to remove all of it. Don’t worry.

Develop a rhythm – Start a new batch before the previous one runs out. Get a few different flavours or styles going at once for variety. Experiment!

Variations – Add a little fresh vegetable juice and dispense with the need to squeeze or pound.

Incorporate mung bean sprouts . . .hydrated seaweed . . . shredded or quartered brussels sprouts… cooked potatoes (mashed, fried, and beyond, but always cooled!) . . . dried or fresh fruit… the possibilities are infinite . . .

How to Make Nettle Soup

With consumers being so bombarded with marketing for ready-meals, fast-food, and other chemical rubbish often I find people forget about some of nature’s ingredients that are normally right on their doorstep!

This is how to make a nettle soup, which not only is a cheap and easy to make meal but also extremely good for you.

Nettles (which are rich in iron and contain lots of great vitamins) have been said by many to have anti-anaemic, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties.

It’s also a diuretic so is great for detoxing and helps remove toxins from the blood.

On top of all that it also is a great remedy against arthritis, rheumatic conditions, allergies, kidney disease…. (And the list goes on!)

All of that from a pesky weed that most of us avoid and ignore!

Preparation:

First things first, pick a good spot. I would try avoid any spots that are nearby to roads as you’ll likely get a mouthful of pollution, and try to look out for the smaller sized nettles as they are more nutritious and tasty for your soup.

The spot I found today was in a clearing in a local wood but the same principles can be applied to most of the world!

Now you have found your spot, onto some practicalities of nettle picking, wear a good pair of gloves.

If you get stung, take a look around for any doc leaves (big vainly leaves normally found nearby to nettles) as rubbing these on a new sting will relieve the pain.

Typically to make a batch of soup for four people you will want to get about half a bag of nettles.

At this point if you want to pick more nettles you might want to consider filing up your bags and then:

Preparing and freezing any leftover nettles for another day (just wash/cut/dry them and they will freeze well)

Make nettle tea by cutting off the tips (they taste less bitter in tea) and putting in a cafetiere.

You can also dry the nettles for tea by either hanging them up in a warm place say the airing cupboard.

Look up some of the other handy uses for nettles (you’ll probably be surprised how versatile they are!)

Ingredients For the Soup.

1 large onion

2 or 3 garlic gloves (or more or less to your taste)

2 or 3 potatoes

Splash of olive oil

Knob of butter

Salt and pepper (to taste)

Chicken stock (this is very easy to make from leftover chicken) or just use a cube

Cream (optional, to taste)

Cayene Pepper or Chilli Flakes (optional if you like your soups to pack a kick!)

Making the Soup:

Step 1 Prepare the nettles (again at this point you may want to wear some gloves to avoid getting stung).

Wash and drain the nettles.

You only want to use the fresh smaller young looking leaves so pick these off the stalk and discard the rest (or better still stick them on your compost pile!). I find using a pair of scissors is a fast way of doing this.

Preparing the nettles for the soup

Step 2 Peel and chop your potatoes, garlic, and onion and fry them on a high heat in a saucepan with a bit of olive oil and some butter until the onion is soft and the potatoes have started to go brown.

If you want a spicy “sting!” to your soup then also add in either some cayenne pepper or some chilli flakes to taste.

Making the nettle soup mix

Step 3 Add the nettles into the pan and mix around with a wooden spoon and after 30 seconds or so add a litre of boiled water and your chicken stock. (If you have made the stock fresh you may need a few extra cubes to get in more flavour)

Step 4 Boil the soup on a medium heat until the potatoes are soft (normally takes between 12-15 minutes).

Step 5 Take the soup off the heat (and ideally let it cool for a bit) then blend the whole thing till you have a smooth consistency.

You can return the soup to the pan on a high heat after this briefly to warm it up ready for serving adding in any salt and pepper to taste.

Step 6 Serve the soup with some nice organic bread and if you like you can add some cream by swirling around in the bowl with a small spoon for a mind blowing and decorative finish!

Not Getting Enough Sleep

For months I drove down to Southern Italy and back once a week a 3,000 mile round trip. Although the contract was to deliver within 24hrs, my best ever time was 19hrs 30mins.

I can promise you that I do know what not enough sleep feels like and when driving it is bloody scary indeed.

Especially when on a motorway with no junctions available to pull off and rest.

Whith this being a weekly problem I started cat napping, setting my mobile alarm for 10 or 15mins and literally switching off. This is or was enough for me to then be able to carry on for a 100 or so miles.

A worn out look, red eyes, black circles, staring into space, disorientation, headaches, stumbling, uncontrolled shaking, thirst, irrational thinking, problematic problem solving, and Zombie-like appearance and behaviour.

You’re alive, but you have the Zombie look which can definitely have a serious impact on your SHTF event behaviour and performance, so plan for it happening at some point.

You won’t know it, when you got it

According to the most basic definition of sleep deprivation from Wikipedia, “it is the condition of not having enough sleep. A chronic sleep restricted state can cause fatigue, daytime sleepiness, clumsiness, and weight loss or gain.

It adversely affects the brain and cognitive function. Sleep deprivation over long periods of time can cause diabetes, effects on the brain, effects on growth, impacts on the healing process, loss of attention and functional memory, over all decline of general abilities, and many other conditions.

It is not a simple condition that can be ignored, especially for preppers and survivalists and others caught up in a survival scenario.

The worst part of having this condition is the fact that once you have it, it may already be too late to recognize you have it. It’s like boiling a frog in water by slowly raising the temperature of the water.

The frog never notices the changes until its dead, and rarely does a person as sleep deprivation creeps up upon them.

All of you died-in-the-wool preppers have long ago debated the pros and cons of either going it alone or with a limited number of close family members or a much bigger, but perhaps still manageable sized group.

Obviously going totally solo is the toughest route, and frankly I personally think the most impractical. Few people if any have all the collective skills and knowledge needed to survive a SHTF by themselves.

In a group Bug-In or Out the “team” can learn to rely on each other.

There is an immediate system of checks and balances for everything from gathering/preparing food, doing security work, area maintenance, health checks, and everything else.

One of the high level advantages to working within a group is that each person can monitor how each other person is doing.

This is critical when it comes to members that are on medications, or have pre-existing conditions. It is particularly helpful for everyone to watch each others behaviour in potential cases of depression, paranoia, fear, shock, and conditions like sleep deprivation.

This group partnership also pays huge dividends when it comes to everyday accidents, minor or serious.

If the onset of any of these is caught early enough, then accommodations among the group can be made to deal with them to a positive conclusion.

In this case its sleep deprivation which if on your own could evolve without much warning, and then it’s too late.

In a group each can easily see signs that the lack of dedicated sleep is impacting a person’s performance and behaviour.

Catnaps, Mini-sleeps, Dozing, and Rim Sleep

Eventually you will sleep. But the primary question is do you want to maintain the control of the how, when, and where or have the lack of sleep inadvertently control you?

The best strategy is to plan for sleep just like any other necessity of maintaining all other daily activities within a Bug-Out or Bug-In set up.

All people sleep at different times and flexible rates with varying intensities. In a normal daily routine many of us work eight hours a day, and sleep eight hours a night. But then these days such a schedule seems far more rare than standard. There are many work/rest schedules for a lot of people that certainly don’t fall within the realm of eight hour set periods.

Lots of people work shift work, odd schedules, weekends, and nights. They find sleep when they can, however poor the quality.

One way or the other we all have some sort or manner of a routine. During a SHTF episode that routine is going to be totally disrupted and often turned completely upside down or inside out.

Many of us will have to relearn how to grab some shut eye any way we can. Some should be better than none.

So, during a SHTF develop as fixed a schedule as you can.

Work toward trading off duties with others so that everybody can find time to sleep. You may not be able to lie down on a bed for several hours.

A good recliner or a soft spot out in the woods can work, too. Its very important the comfort factor must be addressed. Nobody sleeps well on a rock, standing up in a corner, or across the bonnet of a car.

As you prep or a Bug-Out in particular since the comforts of home will no longer be available for the most part, do plan for high quality options in a sleeping bag, portable pad, and some sort of pillow.

Same for a Bug-In make plans to sleep however short lived. Catching a few catnaps or dozing for a short time will help if prolonged sleep is not possible.

Find a soft, quiet place and take full advantage of every opportunity to sleep despite how minor. Otherwise sleep deprivation will creep in and take control over you. Avoid that at all costs.

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