This Week’s Show 29th November 2018

Click here to LISTEN to the show

SHOW NOTES

The water-to-Go 15% discount offer, The Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, The Titan Depot 15% discount offer, The Wilderness121 10% discount offer, Now you can get 10% DISCOUNT on all products at OFF GRID TOOLS,The Survival Axe Review, Blizzard Condition Survival Kit (for your car), Get READY for POWER CUTS Power Cut Advice, Russia Wants to Attack UK Infrastructure, My Home Made Emergency Survival Bars, BREAK Prepared for Disaster, So you are stuck in snow, Survival Cooking and Foraging,

The Water -to-GO 15% Discount Offer

Now you can drink safely from any water source with the water-to-go filter bottle. It removes fluoride, chlorine and heavy metals from tap water.

It removes Viruses, Bacteria, Protozoa, Cysts, bad taste and odour from dirty water sources.

In fact if you drink water, then get yourself a Water-to-Go filter bottle as it’s cheaper than drinking bottled water and it’s cleaner too. Get 15% discount at the checkout, code word premprep

https://www.watertogo.eu/ukpreppersradionetwork

Blizzard Survival 20% Discount Offer

Blizzard Survival .com have a fantastic offer for you the listener they are offering a 20% discount on all goods bought from them at www.blizzardsurvival.com

The Ultimate in Lightweight Thermal Protection.

The Blizzard Survival Brand incorporating Reflexcell™ material has become the new standard wherever thermal performance in a lightweight compact package is essential – for military use, casualty care, emergency preparedness, disaster relief, personal survival, outdoor activities…and more.

Reflexcell™ products are totally unique: weight-for-weight far warmer than goose down, yet 100% weatherproof, tough, ultra-portable and re-usable.

Life-saving technology has never been so affordable.

All you have to do to get a 20% discount is enter the code “PREPPER” at the checkout, it is that simple. www.blizzardsurvival.com

The Titan Depot 15% Discount offer

Fantastic prices and a great selection of survival and prepping gear and loads more

NOW thanks to the owner at the Titan Depot get 15% DISCOUNT, by using the code “preppers15” https://titandepot.co.uk/

Wilderness121’s 10% discount

Wilderness121 really mean business, having spoken to the director Rob Williams he has agreed to offer you dear listener a 10% discount just by putting the letters UKPRN into the code box it is that simple.

Now pop along to www.wilderness121.co.uk and check out their great range of survival related products.

Off Grid Tools 10% discount offer

Now you can get 10% DISCOUNT on all products at OFF GRID TOOLS, by using the code word prepare. http://www.ukpreppersradionetwork.co.uk/off-grid-tools/

Now you can get 10% DISCOUNT on all products at OFF GRID TOOLS, by using the code word prepare. http://www.ukpreppersradionetwork.co.uk/off-grid-tools/

The Survival Axe Review

The Survival Axe is the ultimate outdoor multi tool. With 31 features, the tool will fully equip you for any situation you might come across.
The design incorporates an all-steel full tang and axe head with an ultra strong, lightweight glass filled nylon handle.



The resharpen-able hatchet blade is great for chopping, clearing debris, or demolition.

The hammer head and claw is great for pounding in and removing tent stakes or repairing your deer stand or survival shelter
The patented, integrated 6″ bi-metal saw blade folds out of the handle, locks into place, and will saw through just about anything you need it to.

The saw blade is easy to change depending on your situation.

The gas valve shut off wrench with integrated bottle opener saves the day in multiple ways.
This incredible, compact is only 11 inches long and weighs just over 1.5 pounds.

Large enough to do some serious damage if needed, but compact enough to fit into the glove box of your vehicle or your bug out bag.

Now anyone who knows me, knows my view on axes, suffice to say I do not own one. I designed the Titan survival knife and it is such a rival to the axe that A good friend Charlie Griffin names it the Naxe, as it was a cross over of the two.

So I now have an axe, but it is a very special axe, it’s a Survival Axe and I actually love it. So what changed my mind on axes, I hear you say, well, it was its build quality, design and performance combined with the price that impressed me.

With the non-slip grip it feels comfortable in my hand, in fact it feels just right not too heavy and very well balanced.

The question is, is it an axe with multi-functions? or a multi function tool with an axe head?

The answer is for me anyway an axe with multi-function tools. And I like that, because as an axe it will do what you want an axe to do and with ease.

But if you need to break your car window, cut your seatbelt, hammer, saw, bash, destroy, tighten or un-tighten nuts and bolts, carve feather sticks, prepare fuel for your fire, open a bottle of beer, hack, slash, pull, pry, saw, pierce and pound, then the Survival Axe is for you.

It is a must for a BOB, GHB and is certainly now part of my BOB set up.

And don’t forget you get10% Discount by using the code word Prepare, it is a great idea for a Christmas present, or a treat for yoursel

https://www.offgridtools.com/collections/products/products/survival-axe

Blizzard Condition Survival Kit (for your car)

You need some kind of kit for your vehicle during the winter season.
The most IMPOTANT SURVIVAL question: DO I NEED TO GO OUT IN THE FRIST PLACE.
First thing you are going to need is a snow shovel to get snow away from your vehicle, (folding will do fine)…
Second thing you are going to want to do is get some kind of traction material to put under your tires.
Best sources: kitty litter, road salt, pea gravel, car mats, old carpet, branches, sticks or some kind of traction plating to lay under your tires.
If you can not get out then you need food so be sure to store some candy bars or high calorie foods in the car.
First thing you are going to need is a snow shovel to get snow away from your vehicle. You must keep the exhaust pipe clear of snow/debris to prevent the build up of carbon monoxide gas which cannot be seen or smelt.
You will need warm clothing with extra hat, gloves scarf woollen/fleece type material, Thermos flask of hot drink, tea, coffee soup etc. torch, whistle for signalling, milar blanket/s, small bright coloured tarp/plastic sheet for shoeing up broken window (in crash) and to aid signalling to rescuers.
Charged mobile phone with “credit”, mobile charging cable, OTC medicines/ personal medications, toilet roll, waste bags “zip lock type” wet wipes/hand sanitiser.
Have at least 20% more fuel than the journey requires (running engine if stuck in snow to keep warm).
Find out if your vehicle is front wheel or rear wheel drive (see owners manual) put the traction item/s under the drive wheels.
Dress as though you are going to have to walk in the snow, and take the layers off when you get into the car. Boots, gortex coat, hat, gloves, etc.
If you are stuck long enough, you may need to urinate. How will you handle that?

Print this off and place it behind your drivers sun visor NOW!

Get READY for POWER CUTS Power Cut Advice

Select a room to live in that has an existing heating source, open fire, portable gas fire etc.

Your goal is to keep that room at a minimum of 18c ( you will not freeze to death)

You need to consider sleeping arrangements, mattresses of the beds, inflatable camping type mattresses, reclining chairs, couches etc.

Consider toilet arrangements

i.e. adjacent to toilet, basic bucket black bags. You will also require, toilet rolls, wet wipes air freshener, water to flush your toilet is close to the shelter room will be needed ad no power no flushing toilet.

Water

Drink min 1 gallon per person per day. Have pop, tea, coffee packet soups. NB. Even in the cold you need to hydrate and drink as at any other time.

Food

All tinned food is cooked so can be eaten cold, but with a camping stove, kettle, pots and pans you can cook as “normal”.
Use paper plates and cups = no washing up and future fire starters.

Clothing

Wear layers, even in the room if feeling cold, woollen/fleece, hats, gloves and scarf.
Try to block drafts but DO NOT seal the room (you need to breath).

Keep mobile phones charged and have power packs for each one, keep one just for emergency calls and NOT for surfing or texting etc. emergency calls only and for that the most basic one will do.

Emergency mobile number is 112

Lightning

Torches, camping lights, solar lights, candles (above children height on firm base “tea lights”) keep lighters and matches etc. away from kids they are not toys.

Other Communication Systems

PMR Radios great within a defined area, e.g. an estate, a farm yard perhaps up to 3 to 5 miles line of sight depending on weather conditions.

CB radio as above but the distance legally can be 10 to 15 miles

Ham Radio with the correct equipment condition’s etc. around the world.

Consider also

Fire extinguisher/Fire buckets

Board games, pack of cards etc.

Thermometer to keep an eye on room temperature

Taping the inside of windows with clear plastic sheets will help retain heat

Russia Wants to Attack UK Infrastructure

The British defence secretary says Russia poses a threat to the UK and it does not necessarily entail plans to invade British shores.

Rather Gavin Williamson believes that the Kremlin is targeting British infrastructure and energy supply in a bid to cause “panic” and chaos.

In an interview with the Daily Telegraph, Williamson said Russia was spying on Britain’s critical national infrastructure and had its eyes on energy lines that allowed the UK to trade gas and electricity with the continent.

“They are looking at these things because they are saying these are the ways that we can hurt Britain.

“If you could imagine the domestic and industrial chaos that this would actually cause. What they would do is cause the chaos and then step back.”

He said that Russia could target the UK through a cyber attack or from undersea activity.

Personally I no longer see Russia as an aggressor if in deed they ever where. But I do see them exploring all possibilities and methods of attack should things change in the future.

And let’s be honest I bet we are doing exactly the same thing.

I think they are looking for vulnerabilities, so they have many different options in their arsenal.

In face the chief of the defence staff, Sir Stuart Peach said that British undersea internet cables were vulnerable to a Russian attack.

Guy’s if the Gary MaKinnon can hack into NASA and the American Military Complex, if the NHS can be disabled by a simple but effective virus, then you can bet your bottom dollar that the Russians could do this if the so wanted.

It’s got to be the way to go, in fact it would talk longer to trace the source of the threat/attack than to carry it out.

My Home Made Emergency Survival Bars

Ingredients

3 Cups of cereal (oatmeal, cornmeal, or wheat flakes)

1/4 tsp. salt

3 Tablespoons honey

2 1/2 Cups powdered milk

1 Cup sugar

1/4 Cup water

Why not add raisons if you like

Instructions

Place all ingredients in a bowl. Bring water, honey to a boil and add to the dry ingredients. Mix well. Add water a little at a time until mixture is just moist enough to mould.

Place in a small square dish and dry in the oven under very low heat.

Wrap and store

This will make 2 bars, each containing approx. 1000 calories or enough food for one day. These will store for a long time if they are cooked until quite dry, and are excellent for emergency packs, etc. Eat dry, or cooked in about 3/4 Cup of water.

One bar contains only half of the nutrients of the whole recipe and therefore you may wish to set aside two bars per day to get the following:

Probably the biggest problem is the low vitamin C. However, in a pinch, a person could live a long time off these bars alone.

They are also a bit short in the calorie department, but are excellent in protein, over half of the B vitamins, and excellent in the minerals category.

I think that nutritionally they really smash most of the expensive bars you can buy from the different shops etc. and properly sealed would probably last as long.

Although I actually make them just to take with me and they beat trail mix by miles.

High Energy Survival Bars

Ingredients

2 lbs pitted dates

2 lbs figs

2 lbs raisins

2 cups cashew nuts

2 cups sesame seeds

2 cups peanut butter

Directions

Mix all ingredients except for peanut butter through a meat grinder or use a pestle and mortar

Add peanut butter and mix well.

Roll out into 1/2 inch thick sheets.

Cut into bars and wrap well.

This amount will make around 60 2 ounce bars

Homemade Survival Energy Bars

This homemade energy bar recipe is packed full of goodies and will sustain even the most exhausted prepper, survivalist or zombie hunter out there.

Wrap them individually and make extras for tucking into BOB (Bug Out Bags) or GHB (Get Home Bags) backpacks etc.

Ingredients

1 egg

1/2 cup brown sugar

1 tsp. vanilla extract

1 cup granola or your own mix of course.

1/2 cup raisins (or any chopped dried fruit)

1/2 cup chopped hazelnuts (or your favourite nut)

A large box of M&M’s or smarties or again your choice.

Directions

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.

Generously butter or oil an 8 x 8 inch square pan (preferably non-stick).

Crack the egg into a medium sized bowl.

Add the sugar and vanilla extract and mix thoroughly.

Stir in the granola, raisins, hazelnuts and M&M’s and mix until combined.

Transfer to the pan and distribute evenly over the bottom, pressing firmly with your hands. Bake for 25 minutes.

Cool and cut into bars or squares. Serves 8 to 12.

Why not add powdered Vitamin C to the mix. It is easy to make your own with lemon or orange peels by cutting them up into small pieces and drying in a dehydrator/oven and then grinding them up with a coffee grinder/ pestle and mortar.

So you are stuck in snow

OK so you have a snow shovel in your vehicle during winter, you do have one don’t you? Having one can literally mean the difference between life and death… You should also have a vehicle emergency pack with essential survival items in case you have to spend the night in your car, or walk miles home in freezing weather.

Even if you have a snow shovel, if the road is frozen hard, even after digging out around the wheels, it can still be difficult to gain traction and get un-stuck.

In this situation there is a way you can get traction and get moving again. It can also work even if you didn’t have a snow shovel, so couldn’t dig out first, but only if the snow isn’t too deep.

This tip will only really work on hard surfaces such as roads, driveways and car parks, but here’s what to do –

If there is snow and you have a snow shovel, dig out as much snow around the wheels as possible. No snow shovel, then do this!

Take out the floor mats in your car, turn them upside down and place them in front and underneath the wheels which are spinning, this will obviously depend on whether your car is front or rear wheel drive.

Jump back in the car and try to drive forward slowly and steadily.  If you escape, be sure to run back and pick up your floor mats. If your car simply moved over the floor mats and immediately got stuck again, you can keep repeating the process and inch forward.

Survival Cooking and Foraging

Although cooking outdoors is often a great way to prepare food, the chances are that, in a survival situation, you’re not going to have the right types of food or cooking utensils to make it much of a pleasurable experience….or, so you might think!

Your skills and knowledge of how to gather food and water using natural means and to prepare it correctly will often give you an even greater sense of achievement and will boost your morale even further which is important, in addition to providing you with the nutrients which will help you to survive.

Initial Preparation

Unless you’re an expert in foods in the wild which can be eaten raw, you need to ensure that you cook all the food which you’ve harvested thoroughly to make sure it’s free from parasites and you should check that there are no visible signs of disease or abnormalities.

This goes for plants too, some of which are safe to eat when cooked but highly toxic if eaten raw.

Different Methods of Cooking

Rock Boiling

This technique comes in handy when you’ve not got a container which can be placed upon or over an open fire. You need to gather some small rocks or stones which won’t shatter or crumble and heat them in the fire for about 2 hours.

In a survival situation, make sure you have a backup set of rocks in the fire when the others have been removed to help with the continual cooking. Once the rocks are hot enough, you can remove them from the fire and put them into your container of water which will then begin to boil.

At that point, you can start adding your food to the container to cook it. You need to ensure that you’ve got more rocks to add if you want the pot (or whatever your container is made from) to keep boiling.

Spit Cooking

You can make a spit out of a sapling and simply skewer a gutted, skinned and cleaned small animal or fish which you can then suspend over the heat turning it regularly. To ensure its cooked through, it’s better to do this over coals or some other type of low intensity burning material as opposed to over open flame.

Pit Cooking

This is great if you want to steam your food. Basically, you need to dig a pit or hole in the ground and line the bottom of it with rocks.

Then, build a fire on top of the rocks and let that burn for a couple of hours until the rocks beneath are red hot.

Then scrape out the remainder of the fire and place some non-poisonous grasses about 7 or 8 inches deep on top of the rocks.

You then place the food you’re cooking on top of the grasses. Wrapping the food in large leaves first is often a good idea if you want to seal in the juices from your food.

Then place some more grasses and seal the pit with some bark or similar material and some earth. After a couple of hours, just remove the earth, bark and grasses, not forgetting they’ll be hot and your food will taste delicious and it’s a method that also helps to retain the food’s natural juices.

Rock Frying

Following a similar process to the rock boiling technique, once again heat the rocks in the fire and, once removed, you can use them almost like a frying pan.

Other alternative methods include building a rock oven for baking but for a quicker solution to cooking things more slowly, use a rock or slab of wood as a reflector by propping it at about a 45 degree angle from the fire.

As it heats up, you can then use it like a grill remembering to turn the food over to ensure its evenly cooked.

Enjoying a meal when faced with a survival situation is going to be a fantastic morale booster and the gathering of the food and its preparation is all part of that.

Not only will it help pass the time of day and keep your mind occupied, it will sustain you and give you energy for the days ahead, should a rescue or escape not be immediate.

Many people believe that they will never find themselves in a survival situation, but it can happen to anyone and the importance of knowing the plants and berries that you can safely eat to sustain you, cannot be emphasised enough.

Whilst there is an abundance of food to be found in the natural environment, there are also plants and berries which if eaten, can cause you severe stomach upsets at best and at worst, can kill you.

The ‘look’ of a particular plant or berry is simply not enough and if you can’t identify it, then the advice is to leave it alone and not to risk eating it.

Therefore, if you’re out in the woods, it’s useful to have a basic knowledge of the vegetation that grows in a specific area you’re visiting and know how to identify which plants are safe and which are toxic.

Avoiding Temptation

Hunger pangs are highly likely to ‘kick in’ if you are stranded for some time without food but it’s important to remember that you can actually survive for a few weeks without food as long as you have enough water to sustain you.

Therefore, no matter how abundant and tempting plants and berries might be, you should never eat any wild vegetation unless you are 100% sure you can identify it.

What You Can Eat in the Wild

There is a vast range of things which grow in the wild, which are safe to eat and will help to keep you nourished when faced with a survival situation.

Dandelion leaves can be eaten raw or cooked, the roots make a welcoming hot drink (if you’re not I

n a survival situation and want a natural snack, the flower itself can be dipped in batter and made into a fritter).

Nettles can be steamed or boiled and make a useful substitute for your ‘greens’ and of course, there’s nettle tea! The roots of the burdock plant can be boiled and then eaten like potatoes and pitted rose hips are packed with vitamin C.

You may also find more common foods like blackberries, blueberries and strawberries. However, be absolutely sure you know what you are eating before putting it in your mouth and also remember that some wild plants need to be cooked before they are safe to eat.

What Not to Eat in the Wild

In brief, you shouldn’t eat anything that you can’t identify. However, there are a few clues as to the kinds of things you should definitely steer clear of.

Anything that has thorns or spines you should treat with suspicion and unless you are highly knowledgeable about mushrooms and fungi, you should keep away from them as, although you can eat many fungi, some of them are deadly.

Plants with shiny leaves or with umbrella flowers or which have yellow or white berries or a milky sap (except dandelions) are also highly ‘suspicious’ and should be avoided. And if a plant gives off a pungent odour, you’re better off leaving it alone.

Other Food Survival Tips

Many people fall ill because they assume that if an animal is eating a particular plant or berry, then it must be safe for humans.

This is not the case.

Also, make sure that if you’ve found what you know is a patch of plants that are edible that all the plants you gather are the same species, as there may be similar looking plants growing in the same area but which are highly dangerous.

You also need to know which plants need cooking first to make them safe as some plants are still harmful if you eat them raw.

Some survival books will show you how to do an edibility test on a particular plant if you cannot identify it.

This is a quite lengthy process beginning with testing a small portion of the plant on your skin to see if it causes an allergic reaction, then on your lips and tongue etc. but it is a painstaking, lengthy process and doesn’t offer a 100% guarantee as to the plant’s safety and should only ever be used in an absolute emergency.

There are plenty of resources on the internet to show you how to conduct a plant edibility test but you should treat these with some caution.

The only way is to be sure that you have identified the plant in question is by doing your research in order to be confident about what is edible and what isn

BREAK

Prepared for Disaster

Are you prepared for a disaster that could affect the daily function of your life or the lives of your family members? Or do you even believe a disaster will ever affect you?

Blizzards, floods, power cuts, and who knows what else happens all the time. Still, most of us ignore the warnings. “It can’t happen here,” some say. “The government will take care of me if it does,” others think.

But not only do they happen, they can happen to you. And when they do, you will be on your own. The recent UK flooding events have proved this. Look at the total disruption of transportation when it snows for example.

There were even hundreds of motorists stranded on UK motorways over night due to heavy snow fall.

This was followed by the immediate and complete paralysis of air transportation at major international airports. Thousands were stranded for days on their own in strange cities.

As serious as these events were, they pale in comparison to the possibilities. Consider a major biological or nuclear attack or accident. Hundreds of thousands of casualties are predicted in some scenarios.

These disasters or attacks would overwhelm local, regional, and national emergency resources and cause widespread panic. Transportation would stop, markets would be stripped of food within hours, essential emergency services would be overwhelmed, and food, medical supplies, and emergency service workers would be sent to the disaster area, leaving critical shortages in local areas.

Are you prepared?

Now, more than ever, you need to prepare for the possibility of disasters or attacks on a scale and type never before imagined. It is your duty to yourself, your family, and your country to be prepared.

Some of us need to be prepared for being at “ground zero.” Certain areas are the most likely direct targets of terrorists or natural disasters. All of us need to be prepared to be indirect targets, those affected by the temporary collapse of our nation’s infrastructure.

In short, we all need to be able to live self-sufficiently for a period of time.

What to prepare for will depend on your geographical area. Natural disasters and the risk of major terrorist attacks vary by where you live. The first thing you need to do is make a list of the possible disasters for which you need to prepare.

Some of the things you will want to consider include natural disasters, such as blizzards, floods, and even wild fires, as well as technological disasters, such as nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) attacks, and hazardous material accidents.

Don’t forget cyber-attacks, the possibility that an enemy could attack our computer systems, shutting down electrical, gas, communications, transportation, and emergency and medical services. What about attacks on our farms and agricultural processing plants? While they would likely affect only a small number of people directly, they would completely shut down food production and distribution systems.

While there are many things to plan for, your response to all of them is one of two things: stay at home or evacuate. For blizzards, earthquakes, cyber-attacks, nuclear fallout, quarantine after biological attacks, and collapse of the infrastructure, you will want to stay at home.

For floods, hurricanes, or with some advance notice of NBC attacks, evacuation may be your course of action.

Whenever possible, staying at home in your own environment and with your own emergency supplies is the best choice.

When you evacuate, you are essentially a refugee at the mercy of government evacuation centres or the compassion of the local population.

In a major disaster, don’t expect to be welcomed by the locals who are struggling with their own survival.

In all situations, you will need to be able to think for yourself. Confusion always accompanies a major disaster and initial information and instructions may be conflicting and incorrect.

So, monitor the radio and television for official instructions on what to do, such as whether to evacuate or not, but don’t assume they are correct. Make your own decisions based on your plans and preparation.

Riding it out at home or as we say “Bugging-In”

Key to your survival is preparing a disaster supplies kit, essentially the stockpiling of all materials that you would need to live on if you are cut off from outside utilities, water, and supplies. Once a disaster occurs, there won’t be time and materials may not be available.

How long you will need to be self-sufficient is hard to say. My advice would be that everyone store enough food, water, and supplies to take care of their family for a minimum of three days.

Preparing a “72-hour kit” is a good idea. It can be used for immediate evacuation and part of your overall disaster supply kit. Place items in a portable, easy-to-carry container, such as a large plastic box or duffel bag, ready to grab at a moment’s notice.

But, is it enough? A blizzard, earthquake, quarantine, or nuclear fallout could confine you for much longer. You need to be able to take care of all the needs for your family for a period of at least two weeks and possibly longer.

Having supplies for one to three months is not all that unreasonable or hard to accomplish.

There are six basics that should be part of your home disaster supplies kit: water, food, first aid supplies, tools and emergency supplies, clothing and bedding, and special needs items.

Tools and emergency supplies should include such things as battery-operated radio and flashlights with extra batteries or wind or solar powered versions, cups/plates/utensils, non-electric can opener, matches, lantern, fire extinguisher, hand tools for repairs and to turn off household water and gas, a whistle, and plastic sheeting.

For sanitation, include toilet paper, soap, toothpaste, personal hygiene items, disinfectant, and household chlorine bleach. Many more items can be added.

Think through the things you use on a daily basis.

Clothing and bedding Clothing and bedding would include a change of clothing and footwear for everyone in the household, rain gear, cold weather clothes, hat and gloves, and blankets or sleeping bags. Remember, a house or car can get very cold without heat.

Prepare for the worst weather that you might encounter.

Store your disaster supply kit in a convenient place that is known to all family members and make sure they know your family’s disaster plan. Evaluate your kit once a year and update it according to family needs.

Evacuation

You may not have much time to prepare when you need to evacuate. A hazardous materials spill could mean instant evacuation, so always have a smaller version of your home disaster supply kit in the boot of your car.

When you have advance warning of an evacuation, bring your portable “72-hour” disaster supply kit, along with additional food, water, and clothing. Keep important family documents in a waterproof, portable container, ready to bring with you in an evacuation.

These may include your will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds, passports, social security card, bank and credit account numbers, family documents (birth, marriage, and death certificates), inventory of valuable household items, and important telephone numbers.

It would be a good idea to always keep some cash in this container, so you have it for an emergency. If there is time, valuable family heirlooms or photographs can be added.

Now that you have a basic plan for any emergency, let’s consider plans for some specific risks.

Nuclear attack/accident

A nuclear disaster could result from an accident at a nuclear power plant, a detonation of a nuclear device by terrorists or a rogue nation, or an explosion of a “dirty” bomb, an explosive surrounded by radioactive material. Individuals at “ground zero” will have little chance of survival.

The risk for others is the exposure to radiation.

Radiation is dangerous because of harmful effects on the body. In large amounts, radiation can cause radiation sickness, thyroid and other cancers, and death.

These effects are greater the longer a person is exposed to the radiation and the closer the person is to the source. If radiation is released into the atmosphere, it can travel for thousands of miles, contaminating the ground and living organisms as it settles back to earth on dust or rain.

This is called fallout radiation.

Time, distance, and shielding are the factors that minimize exposure to nuclear radiation. Most radiation loses its strength fairly rapidly, but it is important to limit the amount of time spent near the radiation source.

The farther away an individual is from the radiation source, the less exposure. Shielding is a barrier between an individual and the radiation.

Concrete, earth, and structures are good shields. Depending on the distance from the source, the best protection from radiation fallout may be to remain indoors.

After a nuclear disaster you may be advised to evacuate. If so, remain calm, pack your evacuation survival kit in your vehicle, and follow the evacuation routes out of the area. If there is time before leaving, close and lock windows of your house, close fireplace dampers, turn off air conditioning, vents, fans, and furnace.

Doing these things will make your house safer when you return by minimizing exposure to the inside of your house to fallout.

If you are advised to remain at home, bring pets inside, secure your house from fallout by closing and locking doors and windows, closing fireplace dampers, turning off air conditioning, vents and fans.

If your emergency supplies are stored in a garage or barn, bring them inside and, if there is time, store additional water in tubs, sinks, and available containers. Inside the house, the safest area is a basement or underground area, followed by an interior room with no windows.

Stay inside until authorities say it is safe to go outside. When coming in from the outdoors after exposure to fallout, shower and change clothes and shoes. Put the contaminated items that were worn outside in a plastic bag and seal it.

Open water sources (streams, creeks, lakes), fruits and vegetables from outdoor gardens, and livestock will all be contaminated. Do not eat or drink products from these until you know it is safe.

Bioterrorism

Very few people were actually infected in the anthrax attacks in the USA after 911 because it took direct physical contact with the bacteria to develop the disease. Other biological agents are contagious (passed from person to person), however, and are much more dangerous.

Biological agents are microorganisms (bacteria or viruses) or toxins that produce diseases in humans. The Centre For Disease Control (CDC) lists 17 biological agents that may be used as weapons, including anthrax, smallpox, plague, and botulism.

They are not immediately detectable, may take days to grow and spread, and it is impossible to know when an attack occurs. While preparations are being made for defence against such attacks, nobody really knows what to expect.

Fortunately, most of these biological agents are hard to make into weapons. Worst-case scenarios, such as suicide terrorists infected with smallpox traveling through metropolitan areas, are staggering, however.

Thousands of victims would overwhelm medical services and die.

Likely? Hopefully not, but who knows? Those at “ground zero” who are infected will need professional medical help.

With air travel, people will spread the disease all over the country before we even know an attack occurred.

The rest of the country will shut down as soon as authorities realize what happened.

Expect widespread closure of the country and mandatory quarantines. Transportation, food, and vital services will stop. Plan to stay at home if advised or ordered and avoid exposure with outsiders who may carry disease.

Your stockpile of food and supplies should get you through this disaster. You may want to have some medical-type masks and gloves on hand.

Should you stockpile antibiotics in preparation for such attacks? Authorities say no and this may be practical advice.

A large number of different types and amounts of antibiotics would need to be stored to protect your family against all likely biological weapons.

Many of the diseases are viruses, not treatable with antibiotics, and those treatable by antibiotics might be altered to make them resistant to available antibiotics. Besides, you will need professional medical care if you are exposed.

Chemical terrorism and hazardous spills

Chemical agents are gases, liquids, or solids that are poisonous to humans. Depending on the type and amount of the material, exposure to chemical agents can cause illness or be fatal.

Chemical agents include chlorine or ammonia gases that are transported on trains daily, other hazardous industrial chemicals, and chemical warfare agents, such as nerve agents, blister agents, blood poisons, and others.

The CDC lists 58 known chemical warfare agents.

Some nerve agents, such as Sarin, used in the attack in Japan, kill quickly. If you are at “ground zero” in such situations your only chance is to evacuate immediately.

A hazardous materials spill is probably more likely than a terrorist chemical attack. For gases and other chemicals that spread in the air, evacuation to avoid exposure is critical.

Leave the area as soon as you are aware of the incident. Full face respirators (gas masks) may be useful for escape in such situations. Buy good quality, new masks designed for industrial or rescue use, not army surplus masks.

Natural disasters

Natural disasters are somewhat easier to prepare for—you either get out of their way (evacuate) or you protect yourself indoors.

In floods Sandbag doors and windows, move furniture and other items to higher ground, and evacuate if necessary. Do not drive or walk through flood waters and stay off bridges when they are covered with water.

Be prepared

Bad weather Preparation should include boarding up windows and flood-proofing your home. Bring in outside furniture, bicycles, and rubbish bins. Listen to recommendations of emergency officials and evacuate if advised. If not advised to evacuate, stay indoors and away from windows.

Blizzards Stay indoors and use the telephone only for life-threatening emergencies. Use fires safely and properly ventilate. It there is no heat, cover windows, close off un-needed rooms, and stuff towels in cracks under doors.

Wear layers of warm clothing. Eat and drink plenty. Food generates body heat and water helps circulation to keep the skin warm.

It is important to know what to do and have a plan before a disaster strikes. The internet can provide additional information for preparing for and dealing with natural disasters and terrorist attacks.

Consider your risks, develop a plan, prepare your disaster supplies kit, and discuss with your family what to do in case of an emergency.

Remember, the future belongs to those who prepare. You must be ready before disaster strikes.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *