This Week’s Show 7th March 2019

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The water-to-Go 15% discount offer, The Blizzard Survival 20% discount offer, The Titan Depot 15% discount offer, The Wilderness121 10% discount offer, Now you can get 10% discount on all products at OFF GRID TOOLS, Big5 sauces 10% discount offer, The New Cold War, Why Prep? Surviving SHTF, BREAK, Your Pet Survival Plan, The Emergency Information System, Bugging Out-The Basics, THE WILDERNESS GATHERING, Campfire Bannock, The Simplest Survival Navigation Technique.

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Capital at Risk

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The New Cold War

Vladimir Putin has promised to target more missiles at the US if America deploys new weapons to Europe in the wake of Washington’s withdrawal from a key arms pact. 

In his toughest remarks yet on a potential new arms race, Putin said Russia would deploy more missiles if the Trump administration put short or intermediate range missiles in Europe – after the President’s decision this month to quit a treaty banning nuclear missiles with a range of less than 3,415 miles.

Putin said U.S. policy-makers, some of whom he said were obsessed with U.S. exceptionalism, should calculate the risks before taking any steps and said any new Russian missiles would target US ‘decision-making centres’.

He said: ‘It’s their right to think how they want. But can they count? I’m sure they can. Let them count the speed and the range of the weapons systems we are developing,’ Putin told Russia’s political elite to strong applause this morning.

‘Russia will be forced to create and deploy types of weapons which can be used not only in respect of those territories from which the direct threat to us originates, but also in respect of those territories where the centres of decision-making are located,’ he said.

Putin also boasted about Russia’s expanding array of new weapons and said it will deploy a new hypersonic missile for its navy as part of efforts to counter what he described as hostile U.S. Moves.

The new Zircon missile will fly at nine times of the speed of sound and have a range of 620 miles, he warned, adding that the missile is designed to equip existing surface ships and submarines.

Other new weapons announced last year, including the nuclear-powered Burevestnik cruise missile and the Poseidon nuclear-powered underwater drone, have been undergoing tests successfully, he said.

Putin, facing an unprecedented fall in his approval ratings, made the remarks during his first address to both houses of parliament since he was elected to a fourth presidential term a year ago, extending his long rule until 2024.

In his toughest remarks yet on a potential new arms race, the Kremlin strongman warned the US against further missile deployments in Europe.

‘Russia does not intend to be the first to deploy such missiles in Europe,’ he said.

‘If (the US) develops and deploys them in Europe… this will dramatically exacerbate the international security situation, creating serious threats to Russia.

‘I’m saying this clearly and openly, Russia will be forced to deploy weapons that can be used… against the decision-making centres that are behind the missiles systems which threaten us.’

Putin said Russia was not seeking confrontation ‘particularly with such a global power as the U.S’.

But he added that Russia’s reaction to any deployment would be resolute and that U.S. policy-makers, some of whom he said were obsessed with U.S. exceptionalism, should calculate the risks before taking any steps.

‘It’s their right to think how they want. But can they count? I’m sure they can. Let them count the speed and the range of the weapons systems we are developing,’ Putin told Russia’s political elite to strong applause.

ACCIDENT reports and safety reviews into nuclear weapons and atomic energy programmes in Scotland are among hundreds of documents to have been suddenly withdrawn from public view.

According to a report on the Sunday Post website, following a “security review” the files at the National Archives in Kew were removed so that they can no longer be accessed by the public.

For me this is “very concerning”

The documents relate to a range of topics on Britain’s nuclear weapons and atomic energy programmes, including the nuclear power plant in Dounreay, Caithness, as well as Chapelcross in Dumfries and Galloway and the Hunterston A and Hunterston B power stations which are located in Ayrshire.

It is not entirely clear why the files have been removed.

All that is known at this point is that Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) ordered a security review and that a decision will be made on whether or not the documents should remain public.

The NDA, Ministry of Defence and the Atomic Weapons Establishment are jointly undertaking a security review to ensure that it is appropriate for the records to remain in the public domain,” a spokesperson said.

The NDA has indicated that the “vast majority” files will be made public again, according to the report.

“Just before Christmas all the files were withdrawn from the National Archive without any explanation or communication,” said Jon Agar, professor of science and technology studies at University College London

It was replaced with a message that if you need to see this, you have to put in an FOI request.

Almost everything we would want to know on the public record which allows us to trace the history of nuclear establishments across the country have been essentially withdrawn from public sight.

Why Prep?

To those of you who have seen the importance of preparing and have a desire to keep your family safe during a disaster – congratulations.

Prepping is for those who are preparing for the unknown future, and for those who see the importance of having necessary items in place before a disaster strikes.

I hope this piece will give you the basic fundamental knowledge on how to start prepping, help you gain an understanding of why you need to have certain disaster supplies, and give insight on where to get certain supplies.

Those that are new to prepping should start with planning for a given disaster and then begin acquiring items for their basic needs.

The logic behind prepping is the same for those preparing for a short term disaster or a long term disaster.

That logic is: To be self-sufficient and have the ability to care for yourself and your family independently during an unforeseen disaster.

Creating a disaster check list will add another layer of disaster planning, and expedite the process of getting ready for a disaster, if one comes your way.

Disasters can strike quickly and without warning. Knowing what type of disasters could affect the area you live in will help you plan more thoroughly for the disaster.

Deciding on the type of disaster to prepare for will also determine the type of survival gear that is needed.

For example, if a person lives in an area prone to flash flooding and torrential downpours from thunderstorms, the items they choose would be different than survival items chosen for earthquake preparedness.

Typically, the best way to prepare for a disaster is to plan for the worst case scenario so that all areas are covered.

Many think this ideology is a bit excessive, but being completely prepared and self-sufficient for a given disaster is the reasoning behind prepping. It is a state of mind for many.

There are different types of preppers – the short term and the long term preppers. Short term preppers are those that want to be prepared for anywhere between 1 week-3 months.

It is common sense I would say, that every family have a short term food supply in the case that food routes are interrupted due to severe storms, or unforeseen circumstances.

For longer term needs preppers generally are planning for disasters that have a longer term effect, thus they plan for longer self-sufficiency in the event the disaster does occur.

Long term preppers have a short term supply to complement their long term supply.

A longer term food supply usually includes dehydrated foods, MRE’s, seeds, hand crank wheat grinders, and equipment to be used in a non-technological environment.

For a more detailed list on short term food supplies and longer term food supplies, click here.

Disasters do not just happen to other people – they can happen to you, and they can happen to me.

As long as you are prepared for a given scenario, then you already have tools in place when you need it most.

According to some, prepping has become some sort of a social movement.

Preparing for a disaster and being self-sufficient has occurred for centuries.

It is nothing new. It is simply families trying to make the hard times easier.

Surviving SHTF

Nuclear warfare is not necessary to cause a breakdown of our society. You take a large city like London, Birmingham, Manchester or Leeds— their water supply comes from hundreds of miles away and any interruption of that, or food, or power for any period of time you’re going to have riots in the streets.

Our society is so fragile, so dependent on the interworking of things to provide us with the goods and services that you don’t need nuclear warfare to fragment us any more than the Romans needed it to cause their eventual downfall.

While some may consider such a discussion a waste of time, more and more people are coming to the conclusion that preparations of some sort are warranted in our current troubled environment — on many fronts.

Surviving Economic Collapse is about how much preparation individuals are willing to do and is usually in direct correlation to their belief that something catastrophic could happen, making life as we know it a much more difficult task.

It is a proven fact throughout history that when disruptions of any kind occur, those who made even the smallest preparations typically fare much better than those who gave no thought at all in this regard.

I want to share with you a list I have compiled of the things that could potentially happen — and that threaten our way of life in a small or large degree.

There is no way to predict these things, but anyone with common sense can see that the possibility is likely we could experience one or more of these events at some point in the future…

Any single event or combination of events could cause terrible and debilitating circumstances for a short or long period of time:

Natural disasters such as hurricanes, floods, tornados, volcanic eruptions, solar flares, earthquakes, and other geophysical events happen across our world daily.

There is the every present possibility of wars, nuclear wars, nuclear reactor meltdowns, and radiation fallout.

Then we have the coming financial meltdown (derivative, debt crisis, economic collapse and/or bond implosion) causing currencies to implode and governments to topple

There are problems with the exploration, delivery, or production of oil, the lifeblood of modern economies

We are seeing a spread of disease such as the Black Plague or a bird flu pandemic more and more often

We have frequent Power cuts

And you could even say that political anarchy or revolution is a possibility too.

Racial strife or civil war is on the cards that is for sure

Electromagnetic pulse events are in the news even more now.

With any of these scenarios listed above (and there is a host of others I have probably not even thought about), you could have localized, national, or global unrest and even war for an indefinite period of time depending on the scope and duration of the event(s).

An item that is not on the list — but could be equally devastating to individual families — is the loss of a job.

Losing a job can be a catastrophic event if one is not properly prepared. Most families find themselves living pay day to pay day with little in the way of savings and almost nothing in the way of preparations.

For years, I had brought up the issue of preparedness to a close friend of mine.

When I first started talking about it, my friend and his wife basically blew me off… but I kept bringing the topic up.

Eventually they thought it prudent to at least get some sort of food storage together. Their family was accustomed to an upper middle class income and living comfortably in suburbia with their three children…

About a year after making their food preparations, the breadwinner of the family lost his job and ended up working a series of almost minimum wage jobs trying to make ends meet.

He kept applying for better-paying jobs in his field of expertise — but no matter how qualified he was nobody was interested in hiring someone at his previous salary level or his age (late fifties).

The family’s lifestyle was devastated and they eventually lost their home…

In a recent conversation with this friend, he told me that without their food storage, things would have been immeasurably more difficult.

He thanked me for being a good friend and pushing the issue when he and his wife weren’t listening.

The family is now living a greatly reduced lifestyle, but keeping their heads above water and continuing with their preparations.

I share this story because on an individual basis, there is a host of things that can happen in which being prepared could make a huge difference.

We often, as a people in general, terms take things for granted and think ‘this’ or ‘that’ will never happen to us.

In addition to a major job loss due to a myriad of reasons, you could lose your health or the ability to do your job.

Unfortunately, things of this nature are happening to more and more people every day. In fact, I’m certain all of us have been affected to some degree by similar stories of friends and relatives.

Our Current State of Affairs

The world in general seems afflicted on so many different fronts.

When you look at the list above, any rational person could easily see one or more of these scenarios occur within their lifetime.

Aside from the geophysical things that seem to be going haywire, and could be explained simply as the planet’s cycles, there are plenty of man-made catastrophes that loom on the horizon…

Never has the planet had as many people as it does now. With increased population numbers, there is increased pressure for resources.

More countries seek nuclear devices than ever before and recent advancements in technology make this much easier than any time before in history.

Biological and chemical weapons are also much easier to manufacture — and are being stored by an increasing number of very scary countries.

Oil markets are tighter than ever as demand from countries like China and India increases, but new supply cannot keep up with the increasing demand.

The financial debacle of the world economies needs no introduction to my listeners. In short, bad times — really bad times — for any number of reasons could and probably will be coming to a location near you.

Unless you and your family take this possibility quite seriously, if and when something does happen, you could very well find yourself in some extremely difficult circumstances…

Just look at the latest news coming out of Greece, as reported by Reuters.

This is happening right now — and it’s only going to spread.

When the political and economic systems of entire nations collapse the consequences are devastating.

Not too long ago pharmacies and hospitals in Greece were unable to provide lifesaving medicines due to a shortages caused by a freeze in the flow of credit from manufacturers to distributors to patients.

A collapse in the country’s economy forced many Greeks to turn to black market barter economies and has left millions financially devastated, with no hope of finding an income stream for the foreseeable future.

That was just a warm-up.

The main event is staring us in the face, and the whole of Europe has front-row seats.

What is happening in Europe is just a precursor for what will eventually be happening to the United States..


Your Pet Survival Plan

You’ve made a survival kit for you and your family, now it is time to take care of those who depend upon you for their survival.

A pet survival kit is important survival gear for anyone who loves their pets. When you acquired your pet you took on the responsibility of providing for all its needs. And that includes helping your pet survive come what may.

Having the proper pet survival kit goes beyond ensuring that your favourite animal is well taken care of.

For example, during large scale survival scenarios, such as the Katrina episode when hurricanes strike populated areas, pets are often let loose in vast numbers because their owners cannot properly take care of them.

Packs of roaming dogs are a danger to the community as they attempt to survive on their own.

Cats, exotic birds, and other pets may develop breeding populations that cause environmental havoc proceeding the survival emergency.

It is the responsibility of all pet owners to properly prepare for pet survival. The best pet survival kits will contain at least the following items or actions:

Recent pictures of your pet placed both in the pet survival kit and on your person. A pet survival collar worn by your pet that contains the pet’s id, name, address and phone number

Have all your pets’ injections up to date.

Your pet’s vaccination documents.

Pet Health records.

Complete array of pet medications should be in the pet survival kit.

An extra leash.

A pet carrier or a pet cage.

Water and food bowls.

A two week pet survival food supply.

Several gallons of clean drinking water.

A hand can opener (not electric!).

A pet waste disposal system including newspapers, cat littler, poop scoop, bleach, and plastic garbage bags.

A list containing detailed special instructions for the care of each pet.

Grooming supplies and toys.

The pet survival kit should contain clean pet bedding.

Put the contents of the pet survival kit into an easy to transport container.

You also need to have a pet survival plan that considers the needs of your pet for any situation.

Know the locations of local shelters for both you and your pets and ask if they accept pets during survival situations.

Your pet’s survival depends upon you even when times are easy. When survival is at stake, you need to be prepared to continue caring for your pets so that they come out alive and healthy.

A pet survival kit is required gear for any pet owner.

The Emergency Information System

The three most important factors in surviving a disaster are physical fitness, training, and knowledge.

The first two are the hardest to achieve since it takes considerable time to get, and stay fit, as well as practice those skills vital to a survival situation. But the knowledge part is easy.

I keep a modest collection of books at home that cover a wide range of subjects, everything from learning how to stitch a wound, to how to build a greenhouse.

But if there was a major disaster and I had to evacuate to a retreat location, it would be impossible to bring my books with me.

A few years back I thought of bringing my laptop, with all my books in PDF format loaded on the hard drive. But laptops were pretty heavy, fragile, and had a short battery life.

And how would you recharge the batteries if you had no power? Laptops run on between 7.2 V to 14.8 V. so even if you brought along a 12v solar panel you’d be hard pressed to get the battery fully charged even in direct sunlight.

Without electricity the only ways to recharge a laptop were through your vehicles 12v cigarette lighter using a DC/AC inverter, or from a portable generator.

So if you were bugging out on foot, then don’t bother bringing the laptop.

But the latest generation of e-readers, smart phones, and tablets have solved all these problems.

The first problem solved is weight and size, Smart Phones and Tablets are much smaller and lighter than laptops, and if you get a sturdy case for them they can withstand a bit of rough handling.

The battery life is also much longer, anywhere from 4 to 14 hours.

The best part is that they all can be recharged from a 5.5V, 500mA source.

This means that not only will my 12 volt 5 watt solar panel be more than adequate to recharge the battery, but on cloudy days I could also recharge it using either a hand charger or pedal generator.

The whole kit consisting of a tablet, solar panel, hand charger, and bicycle generator, could fit in a messenger pouch 7” X 12’ X 2.5” and would weigh just over 3lbs.

Even if you had to evacuate on foot, it is well worth the space and weight to carry this kit since not only will you have access to hundreds of important books and manuals, but you could also watch some of your favorite movies on a flash drive.

Anyone who has been without TV, internet and Wi-Fi for a few days knows how dull and boring things can get. Watching a good movie once a day would greatly improve morale.

And since you have three alternative methods of recharging the battery, you’ll always be able to have it running when you need to.

In addition the battery chargers can be used to recharge your radios and flashlights too.

Flash Drives

Most Smart Phones and Tablets have enough on-board memory to store a couple of hundred books easily, but I don’t want to store my survival information on my Tablet for two reasons.

First, most don’t have that much storage space to begin with and since a survival library is something you would need only in an emergency, I don’t want to use up the internal memory when I’m using the device during everyday activities.

The second reason is security. Think how fast you would end up in an ‘interrogation room’ if you are stopped at the boarder or pulled over by police and they discover there are books on ‘Escape and Evade Tactics’ and ‘Military Training Manuals’ on your smart phone.

There is nothing illegal about reading such books, I have them to be better prepared to survive a disaster, not plan a terrorist attack.

But since law enforcement can’t seem to tell the difference between the two, I prefer to keep my possession of such material discreet. A Flash Drive or SD Card are easy to hide or conceal.

Many smart phones, tablets, and e-readers won’t allow you to use an external flash drive to upload content without either buying extra adapters and/or installing software and drivers.

Before deciding on which device you want to use as part of your Emergency Information System, do some research on whether that particular model has a standard USB port, a Micro USB port, or a SD Card slot, and if they are configured as an input. (Some USB ports are only used for charging and can’t transfer information at all.)

An Emergency Information System should be a a vital part to your bug-out kit since having access to a library of medical, wilderness, survival, technical, and homesteading books can provide you with the knowledge to overcome any obstacle and save lives.

In addition, this kit will provide some entertainment to help restore a sense of normalcy during a disaster, which is especially vital if you have children with you.

Putting together a kit consisting of a Tablet, Solar Charger, Hand charger or even a bicycle charger and a couple of flash drives is not expensive at all.

I recommend you carry three flash drives. One for your survival and prepping books, another with all your personal information and scanned copies of your important ID and credit cards, and a third, or more, loaded with your favourite movies or YouTube videos.

Bugging Out-The Basics

Your bug-out bag should contain the things you need to survive while you’re on the road to your BOL or heading home.

You’ll need water, food, a good knife, fire starting materials, and a first aid kit, among other things.

Water Is YOUR Priority

You can survive up to 3 days without water, but the longer you go without water, the more difficult it becomes to think logically.

If you can’t think straight, your survival rates plummet. So be sure to pack some water, water purification tablets, and a good filtration bottle. This is a priority for a well stocked bug-out bag.


After water, you need to have some form of sustenance to keep your body fuelled for the trip ahead. High energy bars and crisps, better still trail-mix will keep you going whilst on the move. I like to put survival food into 3 categories…quick and easy, heat and eat, and foraged from the wild.

Quick and Easy

When you have to get out of Dodge fast, you need food you can eat on the run. Pack foods that provide protein, carbs, vitamins, and minerals to keep your body functioning on your trip, especially if you need to walk or bike to your destination.

Stash a variety of ready to eat foods and rotate them often. If your bug out bag is packed and left in a closet for a couple years, some of those foods could get mouldy…so use it and replace it.

Here’s my list of favourite quick foods you can eat as you move:


Nuts and Seeds

Dried fruits

Power bars

Granola bars

Protein powder (mix into your water)

If your bug out trip is going to be lengthy, or you have no real destination in mind, you’ll want some heartier fare.

When the nights get cold, a hot meal can do wonders for morale.

So try packing some of these mixes that are ready to eat after adding boiling water, stirring, and letting them cook for 5 minutes or less.

These mixes are a lot like the cups of instant soup available in shops, except it is a lot cheaper to make your own and you can take a Thermos mug and your mixes in Z-lock bags in a lot less space than those soup cups.

Here are two recipes:

Cheesy Potatoes

1 cup instant mashed potatoes

1 Tbs cheddar cheese powder

Dash of salt and pepper (Leave the salt if cheese powder contains salt)

Mix ingredients in a plastic bag and store in a dry place. You can add dried veggies to increase nutritional value. To heat: Pour contents into a large mug or a bowl. Add enough boiling water to cover mix. Stir and add more water if necessary. Let stand for 5 minutes and eat.

Tex-Mex Beans and Rice

3/4 cup instant rice

1/4 cup dried instant refried beans

2 Tbs freeze dried sweet corn

1 Tbs dried tomato powder

1 tsp taco seasoning

Dash of salt and pepper

Mix ingredients in a plastic bag and store in a dry place. To heat: Pour contents into a large mug or a bowl. Add enough boiling water to cover mix. Stir and add more water if necessary. Let stand for 5 minutes and eat.

Foraging for Wild Food

Edible greens, nuts, and fruits grow in the wild, we just need to know what’s safe to eat.

Pack a guide to edible plants for your area in your bug out bag and practice foraging before the SHTF.

It will slow you down if you need to forage for all of your food on your trip, but having this knowledge may keep you from starving when you run out of your bug out bag preps.

What Else?

Foil containers of tuna, salmon, or chicken

Small cans of meat and fish

Tea bags, coffee, sugar, milk powder etc.

Small pot to boil water

Sharp knife

Tin opener

Mug and spoon/spork

Container for gathering wild edibles

Don’t fill your bug out bag with junk food! Make sure you have a variety of ready to eat, and ready to heat foods to keep your body going strong through a long hard trek.

And get it ready now! You may not have time to think carefully about what goes in your bug out bag when the SHTF.

It would be bad news to get out in the wild and only have a bag of biscuits to munch on. So prepare now and survive later!

Note: The recipes for mixes can be made up in larger quantities. You can also change the seasoning, or add other dried ingredients that you like. Just be sure to keep them in a dry place and rotate once every 4 to 6 months.

THE WILDERNESS GATHERING 15th – 18th August 2019 (4 days)

The Wilderness Gathering has over the years become a firm date in the diaries of those who enjoy bushcraft, nature and wilderness survival skills. The previous eleven years have seen this event grow from a small event in one field with some traders and schools sharing bushcraft skills and knowledge to a festival of wilderness living skills encompassing bushcraft/survival and woodland crafts.

The show has grown into an event with something for all the family with stories and music by the camp fire in the evenings and skills workshops and activities throughout the three whole days of the festival.

The Wilderness Gathering has without a doubt become the premier family event for all those interested in bush crafts and the great outdoors.

The show has bushcraft clubs for all age groups of children to get involved in plus more activities for all including den building and wilderness skills classes for all. 15th – 18th August 2019 (4 days)

There are hands on demonstrations of game preparation, knife sharpening, basha boat building, bowmaking, greenwood working, archery and axe throwing and primitive fire lighting to name just a few. There are talks on survival phycology, classes on falconry and wilderness survival fishing. All of these skills are there for everybody and anybody to participate in.

You can probably pick up information on nearly all the skills needed to live in the wilderness and prosper at The Wilderness Gathering.

There is a wealth of good quality trade stands that are carefully selected to be in theme for the show selling everything from custom knives to tipis and outdoor clothing to primitive tools. The organisers have even laid on a free service bring and buy stall where you can bring along your used and unwanted kit and they’ll sell it for you.

There are local scout and explorer groups on site promoting the World Wide Scouting Movement as well helping out with some of the classes and site logistics.

The catering is within the theme of the event with venison and game featuring on the menus plus organic cakes and drinks. The woodland and open field camping facilities (with hot showers) giving you the option to visit for the whole weekend or just to attend as a day visitor.

Check out or call 0845 8387062 you really won’t regret it.

Campfire Bannock

Fresh bread on a camping trip for me is essential and it also feels like a treat, especially a long hard day building and setting up camp.

One way to make this treat is by cooking bannock. For over a 1000 years, bannock, a simple bread made from the flour of a variety of grains, has filled the bellies of adventurers sitting around campfires.

Its attraction is the simple base ingredients and its ease of cooking.

My favourite way to make bannock is to cook it on a stick over a camp fire.

Preparation of the Bread Dough

At home mix all the dry ingredients into a zip lock bag. You can substitute or remove some of the ingredients as you wish.

Traditional bannock was just flour and water. In my recipe, baking powder makes the bread fluffy, salt brings out the flavours, powdered milk allows the bread to brown and butter adds flavour.

You can add anything to the base to change the flavours. If you want a sweet bread add cinnamon and sugar. In the mood for something cheesy, then toss in some chunks of cheese.

1 cup flour

1 tsp baking powder

1/4 tsp salt

2 tbsp powdered milk

1 tbsp oil or butter

In camp, mix in the oil or butter (ghee). Add water slowly until you create dough the consistency of play-doh. You want a firm dough that isn’t sticky.

If you use the baking powder, set the dough aside to let it rise.

Your Campfire

You don’t need a big fire to cook bannock.

You just need one with hot coals. I usually wait to cook bannock until an evening when I’m going to make a fire anyway, then start a fire, let it die down to red-hot coals and get it going again after I finish the bread.

Keep in mind that your bannock picks up the flavour of smoke, so select wood that you know tastes good to you. You might not be able to tell the difference, but if you have an advanced camp-cooking palate, you may.

Find a Green Wood Stick

Since, you’re going to cook the bannock on a stick, you need to gather the perfect stick.

Preferably, pick a stick that’s freshly cut, green.

Look for a stick that ranges in size from one to two fingers thick. The bigger sticks are heavier, which is a concern, because you’ll have to hold the stick over the fire for about 10 minutes.

The smaller sticks force you to make a long loaf, which makes it hard to evenly cook the middle and end. I find a stick about three fingers wide works best.

Once you have your stick, remove both the inner and outer layers of bark. Then, temper it by holding it over your fire until it becomes hot to touch.

Don’t burn the stick or your bread will take on that taste. By tempering the stick, the bread will cook from the inside as well as from the outside.

Wrap the Bannock

Take the bread dough and roll it into a snake-like shape. You’re in the woods, so it doesn’t have to look perfect. Start wrapping the dough around the stick.

As you wrap, spiral the dough down the stick and compress and spread it, so the dough is less than a half-inch thick. Any thicker and the dough has trouble cooking through.

Find a Hot Spot Above the Fire

The inside of the dough wrap needs to cook before the outside finishes, so you need to find a distance above the fire where the temperature is just right–if you hold it too close the outside will brown too quickly leaving a wet, doughy interior. Find the right distance by holding your hand over the fire. When you find a place you can hold your hand for around 10 to 15 seconds, you’ve found the right height.

Cook the Bannock

Hold the bannock over the fire at the right distance and let it cook.

Rotate the bread so all the sides cook evenly.

At first, rotate the bread more often to help stop any sag in the dough. Be careful not to allow the bread to get to close or you’ll end up burning a side.

It takes around 10 minutes to cook the bannock.

Take the Bannock off the Stick

When the bannock is finished, it should easily come off the stick. If it’s not done, the bread dough will stick making it hard to slide.

You want bread that’s dry and fluffy. To help remove the dough, rotate a small section until it breaks and pulls off. Work the rest of the bread off the stick. Enjoy.

The Simplest Survival Navigation Technique

Things happen…your GPS or compass may become lost or broken.

You may find yourself needing an alternate method of finding your bearings. You can use terrain association, if there is some readily identifiable features in view, but you really need to orient your map to a direction.

Anyone who has gone through any survival courses has been taught a variety of methods of survival navigation. Most have two problems in common, first they only apply to certain conditions, second they are a little too complicated and very easy to forget.

If you wish to use the North Star, it must be night, you need a clear night sky and must be in the northern hemisphere. The watch method of survival navigation is difficult since almost no one can remember which hand does what, and how north is indicated.

Also most people now wear digital watches without the hands on them, especially during outdoor activities. The stick shadow technique for survival navigation is simple, easy to remember and works anywhere on the planet in conditions where you can see a shadow.

The improvised Survival Navigation Technique is the simplest and most versatile method for direction finding without a compass.

It works anywhere on the planet as long as the sun throws a shadow.

Equipment needed is simple: only a stick or straight object such as a pen, and two small objects like pennies or rocks and you will be able to find north.

Step One of the Stick Shadow Technique for Survival Navigation

Place your stick or any straight object into the ground, so it throws a shadow.

Step Two

Put a rock or penny at the tip of the shadow, something easily identifiable and wait 15 or 20 minutes.

Step Three

Place a second object at the tip of the shadow’s new position.

Step Four

Place your left foot on the first rock or penny and your right foot on the second object. Just remember that you read left to right so your left foot goes on the first object and right on the second object, or if you are military-minded you always start off with your left foot.

You are now facing north!

All you really need to remember is to place the two rocks at the tip of the stick’s shadow. Then place your left foot on the first rock and right foot on the second rock.

If you ever find yourself without a compass and in need of a little help orienting yourself, then this technique is easy to remember and needs little equipment or special conditions.

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